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To the Editor of the MAGAZINE OF WESTERN kept on deck. A second anchor was thrown out, HISTORY:

and the steam crowded, until about 4 o'clock in the AN EARLY ERIE ACCIDENT.

afternoon, when she ran stern foremost over the The following account of an incident on Lake

sand bar. They immediately let go the cables and Erie in the early history of our western country--or

gave her to the mercy of the waves, when she rather what was then our western country-I find in

hurled herself very near the shore, and before dark all a worn and faded letter dated at Cleveland, Ohio,

were safe on the land--the vessel and all. For the November 13. 1825. It was written by my father, first time I beheld a wreck. I found myself about Alva R. Chapman, then a youth of nineteen, on his thirty miles from Cleaveland. The next day I made way from his home in central Massachusetts to a visit to 'Squire John Wait's in Bricksville, and the Detroit. He says:

next day I went to see Mr. Joel Wait." "I embarked (at Buffalo) on Board the Pioneer,

I would say that these Waits were relatives of a very beautiful new steamboat, on Friday, at 9

his, who had been among the earliest settlers in the o'clock, bound to Detroit, and touching at the

Western Reserve. I would gladly know something several ports for the landing of passengers. On

of them. I have wondered, too, if any passenger Saturday evening we had head winds, which obliged

of the "beautiful new steamboat" Fioneer, on that us to cast anchor off the mouth of Grand river. The

trip, still survives. If there should be one among storm continued to increase until Monday morning,

your readers, I have no doubt the above will be a and then became squally. The wind being in the

pleasant reminder; at all events, I think it is worth northeast, our anchor dragged towards the shore. preserving. The cries of the terrified women made me mad, so I



THE PIONEER HISTORICAL AND ANTI. thus aiding much in making it one of the best QUARIAN SOCIETY OF LICKING

county histories in Ohio. Those papers treated COUNTY, OHIO.

of the antiquities of the county, of its topog. IN 1867 a number of the citizens of Licking raphy, its geology, its paleontology, its minercounty, Ohio, became impressed with the be alogy, its pioneer and later history, and gave a lief that the time had fully come to make sys- sketch of the local history of the county by tematic efforts to write and preserve the pioneer townships, neighborhoods and small localities, history of our county, a few of our early set- and of its county-seat and smaller towns. tlers being still among us, who could furnish The following list comprises the names of all necessary information to make our history the authors of those pioneer, historical and complete. It was also thought desirable to antiquarian papers and pamphlets: Rev. C. secure and preserve full and accurate descrip. Springer, Rev. H. M. Hervey, Rev. T. W. tions of the antiquities and ancient works of Howe, Rev. W. Bower, Rev. S. ;P. Hildreth, the Mound Builders in Licking county, and to Judge Scott, Judge Brumback, Rev. Mrs. make a cabinet collection of minerals, fossils Elizabeth Springer, Mrs. Catherine Stadden, and relics of the prehistoric races. Accord D. D. Woods, Isaac Smucker, Governor ingly a meeting of the citizens was held to or. Greiner, Rev. Israel Thrap, Dr. J. N. Wilson, ganize a society to promote the aforenamed ob- Dr. James H. Coulter, Jacob Winter, William jects, the result being the establishment of a Knowles, John White, Jacob F. Conine, M. M. society with the above named title, officered as Munson, esq., J. G. Brooke, Captain E. Z. follows: President, William Stanbery; vice. Clark, C. B. Giffin, B. C. Woodward, Colonel presidents, Dr. J. N. Wilson, Thomas J. An. John Noble, William Wing, Joseph M. Scott, derson and Daniel Forry ; recording secretary, esq., A. B. Clark, esq., Major Pratt, M. L. Isaac Smucker; corresponding secretary, Wilson, Revel Everett, esq.; Samuel Park William Spencer; treasurer, Enoch Wilson; and General Rufus Putnam. chaplain, C. Springer.

The society has collected hundreds of curi. The society was composed of resident pio- osities illustrating our Indian and pioneer hisneer and historical members, antiquarian tory, also a library of books and pamphlets members and corresponding and honorary both ancient and modern, numbering many members, aggregating nearly four hundred. hundreds, some of them quite rare and valuaMany meetings were held during the early his- ble. Its cabinet of minerals, fossils, nutory of the society, some of them numerously mismatic specimens and implements and attended. Twenty or more members, and a ornaments of the prehistoric occupants of the number that were not members, were appointed territory that now comprises the county of to prepare papers to read at the meetings of Licking, together constitute an exhibition of the society, and a hundred and twenty of them no inconsiderable interest and value to those were written, read and published either as of archæological tastes, or such as take pleasnewspaper articles or as pamphlets, and were ure in the study of our pioneer history or have afterwards used, by consent, by the compiler a pride in our later history as well, and espe. of the ‘Licking County History' (a volume of cially to those interested in the antiquities more than eight hundred double-column pages), which are so abundant in central Ohio.

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The resident pioneer members of the society Nichols, M. M. Munson; recording secretary, are less numerous than they once were, many C. B. Giffin; corresponding secretary, E. M. of them having deceased. The other classes P. Brister; treasurer, James H. Smith; his. of members have not diminished but rather in- torian, S. J. Ewing; poets, A. B. Clark, creased. Meetings continue to be held an- Martha Wintermute; chaplain, Rev. R. K. · nually, or oftener, and never without interest- Nash; librarian, J. H. Smith; executive ing historical or antiquarian literary exercises. committee, A. B. Clark, W. T. Evans, J. V. The following officers were chosen at the last Burner, Lucius B. Wing, J. C. Hartzler, Griff annual meeting in July last: President, Isaac Rosebraugh and S. J. Davis. Smucker; vice-presidents, E. F. Appy, E.



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An Estimate of the Cost of Forty six and bare so large a proportion to the Cost of a half Bushels of Corn purchased at Cataragaras-- Bushel To Cash paid the Indians at Cataragaras $17 53 To trade with the Indians on the most “ Colo Reed for hire of his Batoe 101

advantages terms it is very Essential to have days @ 50 Cents per Day " do for hire of William Butler 10

small Silver to pay the Indians, and at the days @ 1 Doll. per day

same time a little whiskey is highly necessary “ Said Butler's Rations for 10 days at

--altho you are obliged to give away consider12 Rations per Day is 18 Ra. @ 3 24

able, Nevertheless it will bring the Cost and 18 Cents “ 1 Keg Whiskey said to Contain 10

more & make trade with them much easeyerGalls @ 52 Cents per Gall. in Pitts- 5 30

I observe some of them brought down Small burgh

quantities of Corn on purpose to get a drink Carriage of do from Pittsburgh

when they would not have brought it for the

money. or 92 Cts & 6 mills per Bus.

This year has been but poor for Corn with Camp Presqu'isle October 16th, 1795. the Indians. Three of the Chiefs told me that DEAR SIR

all the head men of the Castle had considered Above is an Estimate of the Cost of the on the Scarceity of the present Year for Corn Corn purchased at Cataragaras of the Indians and the distance the have to bring down to the agreeable to your request, By which you will Boat, not less than 4 miles from the Seneca observe that the hire of the man and Boat at and 5 from the Delaware Castles, (That the that extravagant rate bares a proportion to the wished very much to trade and be friendly Cost of the Corn equal to 39 Cents & 2 mills with the people at Presqu'Isle) But they did per Bus. which deducted from the above esti- not think they could Spare much more this mate of 92 Cents & 6 mills, would reduce the season, unless the United States Could give price to 53 Cents & 4 mills per Bus. was there them one Shilling York Currency a String. no expence necessary in that way--It is also That perhaps the next year they might have very obvious what a difference there would be plenty, then they would not Care so much for in the price of the Corn Could it be brought itin Larger Boats so that the expence would not I was obliged to Buy nearly all I got by the


String or load, and was obliged to take 4, 5 & only 4 Bushels I put in from 16 to 20 Bushels 6 Strings for a Bushel for}which I gave them of mine in his boat-Otherways I do not 45. per Bus. In my estimate I have Calculated think I should have been able to have Brought the Strings at 5 per Bus. I measured one or what I purchased in one Boat-In the String two of them and find they will hold at that or from 30 to 40 Bus. would be a very good load very near it-the Greatest part I have got is old for one of those boats, and for this Season Corn, 872 Bus. of which is Shelled the residue rather much--Whereas in the Barrels in the ear.

mentioned above they might with much more It is my opinion that a load more may be Convenience Carry from 45 to 50 Bushel and got at Cataragaras if you would give is. per work better and safer. String—and from information 100 Bus. may be By the Estimate you will see I was gone 10 got at Buffalo town at perhaps a less price- days, every day except the two first sunday &

From what observations I could make, the monday I have been Sick, and Continue so method I would recommend to get the Corn still. from the Indians would be to let them Shell it I have endevored to set up long enough 10 at the Castle and purchase it there of them at give the above information to you, that no time some price by the Bushel, that would be satis- on my part should be lost in making my report. factory to them and the U. States taken care My head is so dissey and akes so intollerably to get good measure and allowance for it to that I make no doubt you will find many errors Shrink if green.

in this Schroll, for fear of the atact of the The would if they could Spare it Shell a Ague I have so hurried that I fear you will load a day, while which was doing and one scarcely be able to read it much more make person was Settling & trading with them, I sence of it. would get two or three Horses, which may be As I have some money in my hands of yours hired of them at a low rate and have it if you will give me orders I will pay Colo. Carried down to the Boat-Bags ought to be Reed for the Hire of the Man & Boat or pay taken from here to Pack it down in, But Flour it to Mr. Seton or on sight of your order to Barrels that could be headed up would be the whose favor you may please to draw on me for best to bring it up in as it would be less liable the Sameto damage by getting Wet and one of those With due Respect and Regard I am boats would Carry more so than any other way Dear Sir your most obt & Humble Servt to work well

A. Hunn Ensign & P. M. If you recollect Colo. Reed said he would Major Isaac Craig D. Q. M. G. send a Boat also he did so, But he having got



*Pen PICTURES AND BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES acquaintance through many years with the

OF OLD SETTLERS OF St. Paul, FROM 1838 men described in the above title, give to his UP TO AND INCLUDING 1857.' By Major T.

recollections an unusual value. The introM. Newson, St. Paul, author of "Thrilling Scenes Among the Indians,' etc.

duction is such an analysis and description of This book of seven hundred and fifty pages,

Mr. Whipple as author and man, as those who the character of which is described in the

best knew him will best appreciate, because of above title, is a valuable contribution to the

its justness and truth. The work is one of

rare interest, and takes us close to the men of history of the northwest, prepared by a man

eminence of whom it treats-to Choate, to Ag. whose knowledge, education and ability as a writer have fitted him for the task he has so

assiz, to Emerson, Motley, Sumner, Ticknor, Ar. successfully accomplished. He is among the

nold, and many others of whom we all delight

to read. The sketches are traced in that rapid, best known of the literary men of the west and

easy grace of which Mr. Whipple, as an essay. is a member of the editorial staff of the St. Croix Valley Standard of the book itself the

ist, was so rare a master. Analysis, description following has been aptly said :

and anecdote are commingled so well that one " There is

never tires; and the insight into the life of probably no way in which the average Ameri

these, our teachers, becomes a lesson of itself. can can get so clear, comprehensive and cor. rect view of the growth of that marvel of prog.

The essay on George Eliot alone is a book in

itsell, and rewards one well for the purchase, ress, Minnesota, as to read a book entitled

if nothing else should be read. The collection • Pen Pictures,' just put forth by that western

is one that will take a permanent place in litterateur, Major T. M. Newson of St. Paul.

American literature. There is not a dull page in it-hardly a page that is not full of interest even to the thought.

• A MEMOIR OF RALPH WALDO EMERSON.' ful stranger. The book is written with the

By James Elliot Cabot. Vols. I and II. editorial swing of the veteran journalist; the Published by Houghton, Mifflin & Company, pictures are vivid with color, graphic with Boston and New York. Received from Cobb,

Andrews & Co. form and movement, vital with life, picturesque and breezy, and new stories and incidents em- Mr. Emerson, as man, as poet and as philosbellish every page.

Nobody can read the opher, will always be a new and entertaining book without getting an excellent idea of the theme for American readers. He is one of frontier methods of development, of the strug. the favored few in the world of letters who gles, exposures, privations, quarrels and amuse- never grow old; and his departure from the ments of a new settlement. It is quite dra. scene of his labors and his triumphs has by matic, with all the vigor and rapid actions of a no means lessened the general interest in him. play."

self or his works. In these two volumes the • RECOLLECTIONS OF EMINENT MEN : WITH

whole story of his life is told in such manner Other PAPERS.' By Edwin Percy Whipple.

that, while his best admirers must be satisfied, With an introduction by Rev. C. A. Bartol, those who are disposed to criticise must feel D. D. Published by Ticknor & Co., Boston. that the verdict is just. The work has been

The place held by E. P. Whipple in Ameri- performed by the literary executor of Mr. can literature for so long a time, and his Emerson, and the author has therefore had

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