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The resident pioneer members of the society Nichols, M. M. Munson ; recording secretary, are less numerous than they once were, many C. B. Giffin; corresponding secretary, E. M. of them having deceased. The other classes P. Brister; treasurer, James H. Smith ; his. of members have not diminished but rather in- torian, S. J. Ewing; poets, A. B. Clark, creased. Meetings continue to be held an- Martha Wintermute; chaplain, Rev. R. K. · nually, or oftener, and never without interest. Nash; librarian, J. H. Smith; executive ing historical or antiquarian literary exercises. committee, A. B. Clark, W. T. Evans, J. V. The following officers were chosen at the last Burner, Lucius B. Wing, J. C. Hartzler, Griff annual meeting in July last: President, Isaac Rosebraugh and S. J. Davis. Smucker; vice-presidents, E. F. Appy, E.



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An Estimate of the Cost of Forty six and bare so large a proportion to the Cost of a half Bushels of Corn purchased at Cataragaras-- BushelTo Cash paid the Indians at Cataragaras $17 53 To trade with the Indians on the most Colo Reed for hire of his Batoe 10

advantages terms it is very Essential to have days @ 50 Cents per Day “ do for hire of William Butler 10

small Silver to pay the Indians, and at the days @ 1 Doll. per day

same time a little whiskey is highly necessary “ Said Butler's Rations for 10 days at

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-altho you are obliged to give away consider12 Rations per Day is 18 Ra. @

3 24 able, Nevertheless it will bring the Cost and 18 Cents i Keg Whiskey said to Contain 10

more & make trade with them much easeyerGalls @ 52 Cents per Gall. in Pitts- 5 30

I observe some of them brought down Small burgh

quantities of Corn on purpose to get a drink Carriage of do from Pittsburgh

when they would not have brought it for the Dolls. 43 07

money. or 92 Cts & 6 mills per Bus.

This year has been but poor for Corn with Camp Presqu'isle October 16th, 1795. the Indians. Three of the Chiefs told me that DEAR SIR

all the head men of the Castle had considered Above is an Estimate of the Cost of the on the Scarceity of the present Year for Corn Corn purchased at Cataragaras of the Indians and the distance the have to bring down to the agreeable to your request, By which you will Boat, not less than 4 miles from the Seneca observe that the hire of the man and Boat at and 5 from the Delaware Castles, (That the that extravagant rate bares a proportion to the wished very much to trade and be friendly Cost of the Corn equal to 39 Cents & 2 mills with the people at Presqu'Isle) But they did per Bus, which deducted from the above esti- not think they could Spare much more this mate of 92 Cents & 6 mills, would reduce the season, unless the United States Could give price to 53 Cents & 4 mills per Bus. was there them one Shilling York Currency a String. no expence necessary in that way—It is also That perhaps the next year they might have very obvious what a difference there would be plenty, then they would not Care so much for in the price of the Corn Could it be brought itin Larger Boats so that the expence would not I was obliged to Buy nearly all I got by the

String or load, and was obliged to take 4, 5 & only 4 Bushels I put in from 16 to 20 Bushels 6 Strings for a Bushel for which I gave them of mine in his boat-Otherways I do not 45. per Bus. In my estimate I have Calculated think I should have been able to have Brought the Strings at 5 per Bus. I measured one or what I purchased in one Boat-In the String two of them and find they will hold at that or from 30 to 40 Bus. would be a very good load very near it-the Greatest part I have got is old for one of those boats, and for this Season Corn, 8% Bus. of which is Shelled the residue rather much--Whereas in the Barrels as in the ear.

mentioned above they might with much more It is my opinion that a load more may be Convenience Carry from 45 to 50 Bushel and got at Cataragaras if you would give is. per work better and safer. String-and from information 100 Bus. may be By the Estimate you will see I was gone 10 got at Buffalo town at perhaps a less price- days, every day except the two first sunday &

From what observations I could make, the monday I have been Sick, and Continue so method I would recommend to get the Corn still. from the Indians would be to let them Shell it I have endevored to set up long enough 10 at the Castle and purchase it there of them at give the above information to you, that no time some price by the Bushel, that would be satis. on my part should be lost in making my report. factory to them and the U. States taken care My head is so dissey and akes so intollerably to get good measure and allowance for it to that I make no doubt you will find many errors Shrink if green.

in this Schroll, for fear of the atact of the The would if they could Spare it Shell a Ague I have so hurried that I fear you will load a day, while which was doing and one scarcely be able to read it much more make person was Settling & trading with them, I sence of it. would get two or three Horses, which may be As I have some money in my hands of yours hired of them at a low rate and have it if you will give me orders I will pay Colo. Carried down to the Boat-Bags ought to be Reed for the Hire of the Man & Boat or pay taken from here to Pack it down in, But Flour it to Mr. Seton or on sight of your order to Barrels that could be headed up would be the whose favor you may please to draw on me for best to bring it up in as it would be less liable the Sameto damage by getting Wet and one of those With due Respect and Regard I am boats would Carry more so than any other way Dear Sir your most obt & Humble Servt to work well

A. HUNN Ensign & P. M. If you recollect Colo. Reed said he would Major Isaac Craig D. Q. M. G. send a Boat also he did so, But he having got



*Pen PICTURES AND BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES acquaintance through many years with the

OF OLD SETTLERS OF St. Paul, FROM 1838 men described in the above title, give to his UP TO AND INCLUDING 1857.' By Major T.

recollections an unusual value. The introM. Newson, St. Paul, author of "Thrilling Scenes Among the Indians,' etc.

duction is such an analysis and description of This book of seven hundred and fifty pages,

Mr. Whipple as author and man, as those who the character of which is described in the

best knew him will best appreciate, because of above title, is a valuable contribution to the

its justness and truth. The work is one of

rare interest, and takes us close to the men of history of the northwest, prepared by a man

eminence of whom it treats-to Choate, to Ag. whose knowledge, education and ability as a writer have fitted him for the task he has so

assiz, to Emerson, Motley, Sumner, Ticknor, Ar. successfully accomplished. He is among the

nold, and many others of whom we all delight

to read. The sketches are traced in that rapid, best known of the literary men of the west and

easy grace of which Mr. Whipple, as an essay. is a member of the editorial staff of the St. Croix Valley Standard of the book itself the

ist, was so rare a master. Analysis, description following has been aptly said :

and anecdote are commingled so well that one " There is

never tires; and the insight into the life of probably no way in which the average Ameri

these, our teachers, becomes a lesson of itself. can can get so clear, comprehensive and cor. rect view of the growth of that marvel of prog.

The essay on George Eliot alone is a book in

itsell, and rewards one well for the purchase, ress, Minnesota, as to read a book entitled

if nothing else should be read. The collection • Pen Pictures,' just put forth by that western

is one that will take a permanent place in litterateur, Major T. M. Newson of St. Paul.

American literature. There is not a dull page in it-hardly a page that is not full of interest even to the thought.

• A MEMOIR OF RALPH WALDO EMERSON.' ful stranger. The book is written with the

By James Elliot Cabot. Vols. I and II. editorial swing of the veteran journalist; the Published by Houghton, Mifflin & Company, pictures are vivid with color, graphic with Boston and New York. Received from Cobb,

Andrews & Co. form and movement, vital with life, picturesque and breezy, and new stories and incidents em- Mr. Emerson, as man, as poet and as philosbellish every page.

Nobody can read the opher, will always be a new and entertaining book without getting an excellent idea of the theme for American readers. He is one of frontier methods of development, of the strug. the favored few in the world of letters who gles, exposures, privations, quarrels and amuse- never grow old; and his departure from the ments of a new settlement. It is quite dra. scene of his labors and his triumphs has by matic, with all the vigor and rapid actions of a no means lessened the general interest in him. play."

self or his works. In these two volumes the • RECOLLECTIONS OF EMINENT MEN : WITH

whole story of his life is told in such manner Other PAPERS.' By Edwin Percy Whipple.

that, while his best admirers must be satisfied, With an introduction by Rev. C. A. Bartol, those who are disposed to criticise must feel D. D. Published by Ticknor & Co., Boston. that the verdict is just. The work has been

The place held by E. P. Whipple in Ameri- performed by the literary executor of Mr. can literature for so long a time, and his Emerson, and the author has therefore had

material not accessible to anyone else-mate attempt. The center-thought of the whole is rial of which he has made judicious use. The that the early chapters of Genesis of themselves purpose held in mind by Mr. Cabot can be form an allegory that contains within iiself “a best stated in his own words: “My object in history of creation, of the pre-glacial man, of this book has been to offer to the readers and the Aryan race, and of the Asiatic deluge." friends of Emerson some further illustrations, “Great as is the value of this history," consome details of his outward and inner history tinues he, “it has been preserved merely as a that may fill out and define more closely the vehicle in which to transmit a record of the image of him they already have, rather than first revelation made by the Deity to man to attempt a picture which should make him through the Aryan race; the duty laid upon known to strangers, or set him forth in due that race to promulgate it, their neglect of relation to his surroundings, or to the world at that duty, and their consequent removal by large.” And yet a careful perusal of the book God from the civilized world.” This theory will prove that this object not held in mind is ingeniously carried out, and one cannot but has been accomplished as well as the one that become interested in following it through step was. The result is the story of a strong, sim- by step, no matter how widely he may dispute ple, pure life; of a man whose impress was either premises or conclusions. All possible laid upon his generation for all time; and aids that could be obtained in support of the a story, too, that gives all the facts as they theory have been sought out and carefully properly belong-shading nothing, withhold- used--geology, astronomy, history, and “the ing nothing and adding nothing that does not traits of human nature.” The book is of deep of right and justice there belong. Mr. Cabot's interest, whether as a study or pastime for the life of Emerson, we are sure, will become the student. It abounds in illustrations. standard, no matter how many others may appear.


Edward Stanwood. Published by Ticknor • PRE-GLACIAL MAN, AND THE ARYAN RACE:


Not only as a hand-book of political reserCENTRAL ASIA, FROM B.C., 32, 500, To B. C. ence, but as a complete record of National poli8,000, WITH A HISTORY OF THE ARYAN RACE, tics, this book must prove itself of great value, COMMENCING B. C. 15,000; Their RISE AND


no other one work of which we have knowlCLINE, AND THE DESTRUCTION OF THE NA- edge can fill. While it professes to be a little TION, B. C., 4,705; THE INROAD OF THE more than a record of the circumstances of TURANIANS, AND THE SCATTERING OF THE such elections, and of whatever had an appreREMNANTS OF THE RACE B. C., 4,304, AS DECIPHERED FROM A VERY ANCIENT Doc.

ciable influence upon the result of each elecUMENT. Also an ExPOSITION OF THE LAW tion,” it is in reality more, for it points the way GOVERNING THE FORMATION AND DURATION to many things not expressed or described, and OF THE GLACIAL PERIOD, AND A RECORD OF

gives the story of our great contests in an unIts EFFECTS ON MAN, AND THE CONFIGURATION OF THE GLOBE. A CHAPTER ON THE

biased manner, and an unusual fairness of stateDELUGE, Its Causes, LOCALITY AND Ex. ment, and with as great fullness as one would TENT; AND AN ACCOUNT OF THE OANNES wish in a work of its purpose. Great care and Myth.' By Lorenzo Burge. Published by good judgment have been exercised in the Lee & Shepard, Boston.

selection of material and the choice of author. We have given the above title and sub-title in ities. A full history of the electoral system is full, because a full description of the contents given, followed by the contest of each fourth of the book is given therein, with greater conden. year, up to the election of Garfield in 1880; sation than another than the author would dare with an appendix describing the conventions


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of 1884. Some of the chapter headings are as feels sure that it is correct. The style of Mr. follows: “Jefferson and Burr,” “ An Elec- Barrows is easy and graceful, modeled aster tion in War Time," " The Era of Good Feel- that of no one, and yet with a touch of Irving ings,” “The First Dark Horse, The Demo- in his descriptive passages. Each theme is crats Reunited," "The Kansas-Nebraska Con- treated as though it was the outcome of earnest test," " " The Last Struggle for Slavery,“ The study, and those who know the author's War Election,” “The Greeley Campaign," methods of research and verification need not “The Disputed Election,” etc. Many side be told that he has made himself master of his notes of information are scattered all the way subject before attempting to discuss it before through, making it one of the handiest and others. The book is not only instructive but most useful books the student of American pleasing and entertaining, not only to the history can possess.

student of history but to the general reader as

well. It throws new light upon the great west, • THE UNITED STATES OF YESTERDAY AND OF a region that is only, at last, coming to be ap

TO-MORROW.' By William Barrows, D. D., preciated and understood. author of • Twelve Nights in the Hunters' Camp,' Oregon: The Struggle for Posses- "A GIRDLE ROUND THE EARTH: HOME LETsion,' •The Indian's Side of the Indian

TERS FROM FOREIGN LANDS.' By D. N. Question,' etc. Published by Roberts Broth

Richardson. Published by A. C. McClurg ers: Boston. Received from Cobb, An. & Company, Chicago. drews & Co., Cleveland.

One never tires of circumnavigating this old We have already referred to Dr. Barrows' globe of ours, provided he be in good company qualities for work of this character, and little and has an experienced and able guide. In more need be added in connection with that

the trip above described, which has been repoint, except to say that in this new and produced for us in most attractive shape, both brightly written book he has kept up to the have been furnished and the beaten old path high level of his reputation and given us one takes on a new attraction. Mr. Richardson of the most charming books of the year. Its has not only the eye of an artist and soul of a purpose, to use his own words, is “to answer philosopher, who feels it his duty to learn all questions.” It was his opportunity some years he can concerning the people among whom he ago to reside for a number of years west of the is thrown, but also the pen of a trained literary Mississippi, and since then he has made many man, and can charmingly describe that which visits to that region, collecting information of falls under his observation. He was not coma varied character, which he is now sending pelled, after the manner of Puck, to girdle the forth for the edification and instruction of the earth in forty minutes, nor like Jules Verne's people. Some idea of the character and scope fanciful traveler, in eighty days, but had the of the work may be gained from the following full season of a year at his command. Leaving citation of several chapter headings: “How Chicago he rapidly passes through the new Large is the West ?” “Surprising Distances lands of the new west, gives us a most graphic in the United States ; “The Six Growths of description of life on board during the long days the United States; “ Ancient Chicago;” and nights in crossing the Pacific, lingers long “ Wild Life on the Border;” “ Pioneering in and with interest in Japan and China, opening Education ; “Lynch Law; “ The Railway many new views in those lands in which we System of the West ; “ The Empire of the all have so great interest because so little Future,” etc., etc. The topics under consid- known, carries us on to Java, Ceylon and eration, so varied in character and wide in thence to India, Arabia, Egypt, Palestine, range, have been so skillfully handled that Asia Minor, Constantinople, Roumania, they seem almost as one, and the information Austria, Italy, Rome, the Alps, Poland, conveyed is so stated and fortified that one Russia, Scandinavia, Paris, England and

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