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the chief inhabitants with safeguards. a few days order was restored, and Several of the soldiers were executed the inhabitants regained their confifor plunder, and the example was dence. We give several letters writmost salutary in its consequences. In ten at this time.

66 Colonel the Hon. A. Wellesley to Lieut.-General Harris.


Ten a. M., 5th May. “ We are in such confusion still, that I recommend it to you not to come in till to-morrow, or, at soonest, late this evening. Before I came here, General Baird had given the treasure in charge to the prize agents. There is a guard over it, and it appears to be large.

“ As soon as I can find out where the families of the great men are, I will send guards to take care of them. At present I can find nobody who can give me any information upon the subject. I have here now the 12th, 33d, and part of the 73d, and the 2d of the 5th, 2d of the 9th, and 2d of the 7th. These troops ought to be relieved this day as early as possible by two regiments of Europeans and three of sepoys.

“ I am, dear Sir, &c.

“ There are some tigers here, which I wish Meer Allum would send for, or else I must give orders to have them shot, as there is no food for them, and nobody to attend them, and they are getting violent."

* Colonel the Hon. A. Wellesley to Lieut.- General Harris.

16 MY DEAR Sir,

Half past twelve. “ I wish you would send the provost here, and put him under my orders. Until some of the plunderers are hanged, it is vain to expect to stop the plunder.

“ I shall be obliged to you, if you will send positive orders respecting the treasure.

“ I am, my dear Sir,” &c.

Colonel the Hon. A. Wellesley to Lieut.-General Harris.



Seringapatam, 5th May, 1799. Things are better than they were, but they are still very bad ; and until the provost executes three or four people, it is impossible to expect order, or indeed safety.

• There are, at this moment, sepoys and soldiers belonging to every regiment in your camp, and General Stewart's in the town.

“ It would surely be advisable to order the rolls to be called constantly, and to forbid any people to leave camp.

“ For a few days likewise it would be very advisable that the officers of the army should suspend the gratification of their curiosity, and that none but those on duty should come into the town. It only increases the confusion and the terror of the inhabitants. Till both subside in some degree, we cannot expect that they will return to their habitations.

“ I am, my dear Sir, &c. “ I hope the relief is coming, and that I shall soon receive orders respecting the treasure."

Colonel the Hon. A. Wellesley to Licut.-General Harris. 6 MY DEAR Sir,

Seringapatam, 6th of May, 1799. “ Plunder is stopped, the fires are all extinguished, and the inhabitants are returning to their houses fast. I am now employed in burying the dead, which I hope will be completed this day, particularly if you send me all the pioneers.

“ It is absolutely necessary that you should immediately appoint a permanent garrison, and a commanding officer to the place ; till that is done, the people will have no confidence in us, and every thing must be in confusion. That which I arrange this day, my successor may alter to-morrow, and his the next day; and nothing will ever be settled. A garrison, which would be likely to remain here, would soon make themselves comfortable, although it might be found convenient hereafter to change some of the corps first sent in : but these daily reliefs create much confusion and distrust in the inhabitants ; and the camp is at such a distance, that it is impossible for the officers or soldiers, or sepoys, to get down their dinners.

“ I shall be obliged to you, if you will order an extra dram and biscuit for the 12th, 33d, and 73d regiments, who got nothing to eat yesterday, and were wet last night.

“ In hopes that you will attend to my recommendation to send a garrison in to-morrow, I will look out for a place to accommodate one or two battalions of Europeans, and three or four of sepoys.

“ I am, my dear Sir," &c. In pursuance of the recommenda- 1799, “ cannot be intrusted to any tion contained in the preceding let- person more likely to combine every ters, General Harris appointed a office of humanity, with the prudential regular garrison for the captured city, precautions required by the occasion, and bestowed the command on Colo- than Colonel Wellesley; and I therenel Wellesley. The duties he was fore commit to his discretion, activity, thus called on to perform were of a and humanity, the whole arrangevery complicated and delicate nature. ment, subject always to such suggesThe complete overthrow, not only of tions as may be offered by the other Tippoo's government, but of his dy- members of the commission." nasty, and the dispersion of all the Subsequently to the partition of the public authorities, left him without Mysore territory, Colonel Wellesley subordinate functionaries, and made was appointed to command those porit necessary that he should regulate tions of it which became subject to the details of every department. The British authority. The command was office, therefore, was one evidently of an independent one, for he received the highest trust and responsibility ;

orders direct from the supreme goand though Colonel Wellesley's ap- vernment, and made his reports to the pointment led to a remonstrance on same quarter. In forming arrangethe part of Sir David Baird, who con- ments to secure the internal tranquilsidered himself to possess a preferable lity of the ceded districts, Colonel claim, yet there can be no reason to Wellesley had full opportunity of disdoubt that General Harris, in ap- playing the sound judgment which alpointing Colonel Wellesley, was in- ways distinguished him. He availed fluenced not only by the purest mo- himself, whenever practicable, of the tives, but the soundest judgment. knowledge and experience of Tippoo's Shortly after this period, a com

former functionaries, by re-appointing mission was appointed by the Go- them to their offices; maintaining vernor-General, consisting of four over them, at the same time, the strictmembers, Colonel Wellesley being est vigilance. Under his superintendone. The arrangements for the re- ence, the comfort and prosperity of moval of the family of the late Sul- the people of the ceded provinces visitan were particularly confided to Co- bly improved, and his mild, firm, and lonel Wellesley. “ The details of impartial administration of their afthis painful, but indispensable mea- fairs, forming, as it did, a striking sure," wrote the Governor-General contrast to the tyranny under which in his instructions, dated 4th of June, they had formerly suffered, secur

The members of the commission were Lieut.-General Harris, Colonel Wellesley, the Hon. H. Wellesley, and Lieut.-Colonel Barry Close-Captain Malcolm and Cape tain Munro were appointed secretaries,

He per

ed him their gratitude.

around him, he became leader of the sonally visited every part of the pro- lawless band, whose strength was daily vinces under his command, repaired receiving fresh accessions. He ravaged roads and bridges, and opened new Bednore with great cruelty, and had communications, whenever they pro- already become of such importance, mised to be beneficial. In short, the that two strong detachments of the prosperity of these provinces was pro- army, commanded by Colonel Stevenmoted by every measure which a son,

and Lieutenant-Colonel Dalpowerful intellect, prompted by strong rymple, were sent after him. Dhoonbenevolence, could suggest.

diah crossed the Toombuddra, but not The tranquillity of Mysore, how. without the loss of 600 of his followers. ever, was for a time prevented by the Having entered the Marhatta territory, irruptions of a freebooting adventurer the pursuit was given up, as strict innamed Dhoondiah Waugh. This man junctions had been given that none of was a robber, but any one forming an the Company's troops should cross the idea of his character and vocation from frontier. the petty villanies commemorated in the At this period Colonel Wellesley was Newgate calendar, or lives of the high- appointed to the chief command of the waymen, would begrievously mistaken. troops serving above the Ghauts,* and European robbers are mere dealers in he immediately prepared to continue rapine by retail, and rarely rise to a the hostilities against Dhoondiah, who dignity exceeding the murder and pil- still remained secure and unmolested lage of a single individual or family. in the Marhatta territory, whence the But Dhoondiah was a marauder on a Peshwah showed no disposition to scale much more magnificent. He led dislodge him. On this state of things to the task of plunder a body of 5000 the resident at Poonah was directed to horse, and laid whole provinces under remonstrate, and endeavour to gain the contribution. In short, the individual Peshwah's consent to the entrance of in question was one of those adventur- the Company's troops into the Mar. ers who, in the East, have so often hatta territories in pursuit of this for. subverted empires and founded dynas- midable marauder. After great diffities. In India nothing is more re

culty, this consent

obtained, markable than the rapid growth of a and Colonel Wellesley determined inpredatory force. A single bold ad- stantly to follow and attack him. He venturer without property, save that soon found, however, that the task of of his horse and sword, often forms the exterminating this band of ruffians was nucleus for a whole army of free. by no means an easy one. The troops booters. Dhoondiah is a case in point. were harassed by marches and counterDuring the reign of Tippoo he com- marches, and it required all the activity mitted depredations in the Mysore, was and perseverance of Wellesley to bring made prisoner, and subsequently liber- the campaign to a successful conated by the Sultan, on condition of clusion. serving in his army. Either from In June he crossed the Toomforce or policy he submitted to the buddra, and on the 21st carried ceremonies of the Mahometan faith, Ranny Bednore by assault. He then but Tippoo having probably detected proceeded to clear the Nuggur counhim in some treacherous project, or try of Dhoondiah's cavalry, after acbeing suspicious of his fidelity, again complishing which, and receiving the secured his person, and after the cap- supplies necessary for his army, he ture of Seringapatam, he was found in advanced to Wirdah. On the 11th of a dungeon heavily ironed. By a most July, he crossed the river and construcinjudicious exercise of clemency all the ted a redoubt for the protection of the prisoners were set at liberty without boats, and the security of his commuenquiry of any sort, and Dhoondiah nication with the rear. Information fled, accompanied by other fugitives having been received that Dhoondiah like himself, without a home, a country, was advancing to offer battle, Colonel or a master. With talent and energy Wellesley occupied the town of Savasufficient to excite confidence in those nore, into which he threw his baggage,


Ghauts, ranges of mountains which separate the upper or table land in the Deccan and Mysore, from the lower countries bordering on the sea to the east and west,

and encamped in front of it. The king of had been abandoned by his majesty of the two worlds, however (for such was the double hemisphere. The pursuing the title assumed by this most magnifi. army, therefore, retraced its steps to cent of cut-throats), after reconnoitring Savanore, which it reached on the 17th, the position of his opponent, did not and on the day following Colonel venture to attack, but fell back to Wellesley effected a junction with the Hangal, whither on the 14th, he was Marhatta force under Gocklah. The followed by the British. Dhoondiah, following letters to Sir Thomas Munhowever, did not wait for their arrival, ro, written in the unreserved confidence and when the town was carried by of friendship, continue the narrative of assault, he was found to have escaped. events, in a manner far more interest

Colonel Wellesley continued the pur- ing to the reader. suit to Luckmasur, but this town also

Colonel the Hon. A. Wellesley to Major Munro.

“ Dear MUNRO,

Camp at Savanore, 20th July, 1800. “ I was joined last night by Gocklah's cavalry, and expect to be joined this day by that under Chintamun Rao. This materially alters my situation as it stood in regard to Soonda. In order to get the corps from Hillcah, it must now come to me; and on its route, it may as well clear out Budnaghur, and all that country. I have sent orders accordingly ; and if guns are wanted for Budnaghur, they will be furnished from a redoubt which I have upon the Werdah, which is about seven miles from Bancapoor.

“ Send orders by express to your people, to use every exertion to supply the wants of the corps, and afterwards the same exertions to forward supplies to my troops. I wrote to Mungush Rao this day upon the subject.

“ Believe me, yours most sincerely.

“ P.S.-I have just received your letter of the 15th, and I shall be obliged to you if you will delay the sale of your rice for a short time.”

Colonel the Hon. A. Wellesley to Lieut.- Colonel Close.

Camp, right of the Malpoorba, opposite Manowly, " DEAR COLONEL,

31st July, 1800. “ I have the pleasure to inform you that I have struck a blow against Dhoondial, which he will feel severely. After the fall of Dummul and Gud. duck, I heard that Dhoondiah was encamped near Soondootty, west of the Pursyhur hill, and that his object was to cover the passage of his baggage over the Malpoorba, at Manowly. I then determined upon a plan to attack both him and his baggage at the same time, in co-operation with Bowser, whose detachment, however, did not arrive at Dummul till the 28th, and was two marches in my rear ; but I thought it most important that I should approach Dhoondial's army at all events, and take advantage of any movement which he might make. I accordingly moved on, and arrived on the 29th at Allagawaddy, which is fifteen miles from Soondootty, and twenty-six from this place. I intended to halt at Allagawaddy till the 31st, on which day I expected Colonel Bowser at Nurgoond ; but Dhoondiah broke up from Soondootty, as soon as he heard of my arrival at Allagawaddy, sent part of his army to Doodwaur, part towards Jellahaul, and part, with the baggage, to this place. I then marched on the morning of the 30th to Hoogurgoor, which is east of the Pursghur hill, where I learnt that Dhoondiah was here with his baggage. I determined to move on and attack him. I surprised his camp at three o'clock in the evening, with the cavalry; and we drove into the river or destroyed every body that was in it, took an elephant, several camels, bullocks, horses innumerable, families, women, and children. The guns were gone over, and we made an attempt to dismount them by a fire from this side; but it was getting dark, my infantry was fatigued by the length of the march; we lost a man or two; and I saw plainly that we should not succeed ; I there.



fore withdrew my guns to my camp. I do not know whether Dhoondiah was with this part of the army; but I rather believe he was not. Bubber Jung was in the camp, put on his armour to fight, mounted his horse, and rode him into the river, where he was drowned. Numbers met with the same fate.

“ One tandah of brinjarries, in this neighbourhood, has sent to me for cowle, and I have got the family of a head brinjarry among those of several others. I have detained them ; but have sent cowle to the brinjarry. I hear that every body is deserting Dhoondiah ; and I believe it, as my Mahrattas are going out this night to attack one of his parties gone towards Darwar. They were before very partial to my camp. I have a plan for crossing some Europeans over the river to destroy the guns, which I am afraid I cannot bring off; and then I think I shall have done this business completely. I am not quite certain of success, however, as the river is broad and rapid.

« Believe me,” &c. &c.

“ P.S._I have just returned from the river, and have got the guns, six in number. I made the Europeans swim over to seize a boat. The fort was evacuated. We got the boat and guns, which I have given to the Marhattas."

Colonel the Hon. A. Wellesley to Major Munro. • Dear MUNRO,

Camp at Soondootty, 1st August, 1800. “ I have received your letters of the 22nd and 23rd. I have sent orders to the commanding officers of Hullihall and Nuggur to furnish ammunition, in moderate quantities, on the requisition of your amildars ; in any quantities you please on your own. Do not press Hullihall too much, as I know they are not well supplied there. Take what you please from Nuggur. I have taken and destroyed Dhoondiah's baggage and six guns, and driven into the Malpoorba (where they were drowned) about five thousand people. I stormed Dummul on the 26th of July. Dhoondiah's followers are quitting him apace, as they do not think the amusement very gratifying at the present moment. The war, therefore, is nearly at an end, and another blow, which I am meditating upon him and his brinjarries in the Kittoor country, will most probably bring it to a close. I must halt here to-morrow, to refresh a little, having marched every day since the 22nd July ; and on the 30th, the day on which I took his baggage, I marched twenty-six miles, which, let me tell you, is no small affair in this country.

“ My troops are in high health and spirits, and their pockets full of money, the produce of plunder. I still think, however, that a store of rice at Hullihall will do us no harm ; and if I should not want it, the expense incurred will not signify.

« Believe me," &c.

Extract of a Letter from Colonel the Hon. A. Wellesley to Major Munro. " Dear Munro,

Camp at Kittoor, 7th August, 1800. “ I arrived here on the 5th. Dhoondiah had gone even to the sources of the Malpoorba, where he passed, and his baggage is following him. Colonel Stevenson is after them, and will cut off part of the tail, I hope. I have halted here in the neighbourhood of a bamboo jungle, to make boats, which I must have upon the river, in order to keep up my communication with my rear."

Extract of a Letter from Colonel the Hon. A. Wellesley to Major Munro. “* Dear MUNRO,

Camp on the Malpoorba, 16th August, 1800. “ I wrote to you on the 7th, and informed you of the manner in which Dhoondiah had escaped. A detachment from Stevenson's corps followed his

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