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British expeditions to the northern The beaver, otter, lynx, fisher, hare, islands of the Pacific, to Nootka and racoon are used principally for Sound and the north-west coast of hats, while the bears of several varie. America ; but the Russians already ties furnish an excellent material for had possession of the tract which they sleigh linings, and other military equipnow hold, and had arranged a trade ments. The fur of the black fox is for the sea-otter with the Roudek the most valuable of any of the Ametribes. They do not engross the trade, rican varieties, and next to that the however; the American north-west red, which is exported to China and trading ships procure them, all along Smyrna. In China, the red is emthe coast, from the Indians.
ployed for trimmings, linings, and At one period the fur seats formed robes, the latter being variegated by no inconsiderable item in the trade. adding the black fur of the paws in South Georgia, in south latitude fifty- spots or waves. There are many five degrees, discovered in 1675, was other varieties of American fox, such explored by Captain Cookin 1771. The as the gray, the white, the cross, the Americans immediately commenced silver, and the dun coloured. The carrying seal-skins thence to China, silver fox is a rare animal, a native of where they obtained the most exorbi- the woody country below the falls of tant prices. One million two hundred the Columbia river It is a long thick thousand skins have been taken from deep lead-coloured fur, intermingled that island alone, and nearly an equal with long hairs, invariably white at number from the island of Desolation, the top, forming a bright lustrous, silsince they were first resorted to for ver gray, esteemed by some more beauthe purposes of commerce.
tiful than any other kind of fox. The discovery of the South Shet- The skins of the buffalo, of the lands, sixty-three degrees south lati- rocky mountain sheep, of various deer, tude, in 1818, added surprisingly to and of the antelope are included in the trade in fur seals. The number the fur trade with the Indians and taken from the South Shetlands in trappers of the north and west. 1821 and 1822, amounted to three Fox and seal-skins are sent from hundred and twenty thousand. This Greenland to Denmark. The white valuable animal is now almost extinct in fur of the arctic fox and the polar all these islands, owing to the extermi- bear is sometimes found in the packs nating system adopted by the hunter. brought to the traders by the most They are still taken on the Lobos northern tribes of Indians, but is not Islands, where the provident govern- particularly valuable. The silverment of Montevideo restrict the fishery, tipped rabbit is peculiar to England, or hunting, within certain limits, which and is sent thence to Russia and insures the annual return of the seals. China. At certain seasons, these amphibia, for Other furs are employed and valued the purpose of renewing their coat, according to the caprices of fashion, come up on the dark frowning rocks as well in those countries where they and precipices, where there is not a are needed for defences against the trace of vegetation. In the middle of severity of the seasons, as among the January, the islands are partially inhabitants of milder climates, who cleared of snow, where a few patches being of Tartar or Sclavonian descent, of short straggling grass spring up in are said to inherit an attachment to favourable situations ; but the seals do furred clothing. Such are the inhanot resort to it for food. They re- bitants of Poland, of Southern Russia, main on the rocks not less than two of China, of Persia, of Turkey, and all months, without any sustenance, when the nations of Gothic origin in the they return mucho emaciated to the middle and western parts of Europe.
Under the burning suns of Syria and Bears of various species and co- Egypt, and the mild climes of Bulours, many varieties of the fox, the charia and independent Tartary, there wolf, the beaver, the otter, the mar- is also a constant demand, and a great ten, the racoon, the badger, the wool consumption, where there exists no verine, the minx, the lynx, the musk physical necessity. In our own temrat, the wood chuck, the rabbit, the perate latitudes, besides their use in hare, and the squirrel are natives of the arts, they are in request for ornaNorth America.
ment and warmth during the winter,
A PARENTAL ODE ΤΟ
THREE YEARS AND FIVE MONTHS.
and large quantities are annually con- opera stage. It is either all roses and sumed for both purposes in the United lilies, or a forest of Upas-trees. Its States.
men and women are all angels in gosFrom the foregoing statements, it samer; or fiends in flame-coloured appears that the fur trade must hence. corsets and sulphuric dyed pantaloons. forward decline. The advanced state Its ladies are all infants in Arcadia, or of geographical science, shows that no keen and dingy as printer's devils. new countries remain to be explored. But we give a specimen of another In North America the animals are style, the true mixture of the romanslowly decreasing, from the persever
tic and the real which touches every ing efforts and indiscriminate slaughter heart at once. practised by the hunters, and by the appropriation to the uses of man of
MY SON, AGED those forests and rivers which have afforded them food and protection. They recede with the aborigines be
By Thomas Hood. fore the tide of civilisation, but a diminished supply will remain in the Thou happy, happy elf! mountains and uncultivated tracts of (But stop,—first let me kiss away that this and other countries, if the avidity
tear)of the hunter can be restrained within
Thou tiny image of myself ! proper limitations.
(My love, he's poking peas into his ear!) And yet, are we to conceive that
Thou merry, laughing sprite !
With spirits feather-light, those curious and valuable breeds of
Untouch'd by sorrow, and unsoil'd by sinanimals are not to be kept on the carth: May they not be domesticated? (Good heaven's ! the child is swallowing a
pin!) The common cat is the most domestic of all animals, yet the cat is a tiger in
Thou little tricksy Puck ! miniature, and all its natural qualities with antic toys so funnily bestuck, of form and temper seem intended for Light as the singing bird that wings the
airsavage life alone. The claws by which it could climb trees, of whatever height, (The door! the door ! he'll tumble down
the stair!) the extraordinary balance of limb, by which, from almost all heights, it comes
Thou darling of thy sire ! on its feet to the ground; the eye made (Why, Jane, he'll set his pinafore a-fire!) for night hunting ; the singular elas- In love's dear chain so strong and bright a
Thou imp of mirth and joy! ticity of frame by which it can wind its
link, way through brambles, ruins, and the
Thou idol of thy parents—(Drat the boy! intricacies of the forest ; the slyness, There goes my ink !) suspicion, and distrustfulness of its
Thou cherub—but of earth; temper, are as obviously fitted for sa
Fit playfellow for Fays, by moonlight pale, vage life. Yet, by the force of habit, all those provisions and qualities are
In harmless sport and mirth,
(That dog will bite him if he pulls its tail !) nearly thrown out of use; and the
Thou human humming-bee, extracting little tiger, a remarkably fierce animal
honey too in its wild state, is metamorphosed From ev'ry blossom in the world that blows, into the sleek, petted, purring sleeper Singing in Youth's Elysium ever sunny, by the fireside, submitting to be pulled (Another tumble! – that's bis precious about by the rough play of children, nose !) and the very passion of hopeless bachelors, and single ladies of a more than
Thy father's pride and hope ! certain age.
How long would the (He'll break the mirror with that skippingermine, wild as it may be, refuse do
rope !) mestication ? The whole race of the
With pure heart newly stamp'd from Na
ture's mintforest animals, excepting those few which live on flesh, and are too power
(Where did he learn that squint?)
Thou young domestic dove! ful to be trusted with impunity, are (He'll have that jug off, with another evidently intended to be allies of man. shove !)
Dear nursling of the hymeneal nest! We are weary of modern poetry. (Are those torn clothes his best ?) It wants force. The truth of nature
Little epitome of man ! might be as well looked for on the (He'll climb upon the table, that's his plan!) Touch'd with the beauteous tints of dawn- ed in the corridors of a German hotel, ning life
or at the table of some licensed house of (He's got a knife !)
swindling for the benefit of the state. Thou enviable being !
The marking event of the first of No storms, no clouds, in thy blue sky these seasons is the display of the panforeseeing,
tomime. Parliament takes up the Play on, play on,
next; and the Duke of Devonshire, My elfin John!
the Grand Master of the Ceremonies Toss the light ball — bestride the stick-- to the exclusive world, steward of the (I knew so many cakes would make him supreme bon ton, and as upright in sick !)
his waltzing as he is prostrate in his With fancies buoyant as the thistle-down,' politics, opens the third, by opening Prompting the face grotesque, and antic his huge house, at the rate of a thoubrisk,
sand pounds and a thousand frivolities, With many a lamb-like frisk, in the shape of men and women, a(He's got the scissors, snipping at your night, until the doors revolve again, gown !)
and universal languor, shuts up the Thou pretty opening rose !
lordly folly for the year. (Go to your mother, child, and wipe your
Covent-Garden has a hereditary renoso !)
nown for pantomime. A genius sudBalmy, and breathing music like the South, denly flashed upon the worn-out ex(He really brings my heart into my mouth!) ploits of the Italian arlequino, in the Fresh as the morn, and brilliant as its shape of Rich, about a century ago. star,
Nature made him for the restorer of (I wish that window had an iron bar!) the art of jumping through windows, Bold as the hawk, yet gentle as the dove, conquering all the obstacles of nature
(I'll tell you what, my love, and art with a dagger of lath, and I cannot write, unless he's sent above !)
making the most persevering love to
Columbine. The power of Rich has It is known to all those who are au descended without a cloud to the fait of the “ seasons” of London that theatre which he raised from beggary there are three. The first is when to opulence; and while dynasties have London, reviving from its summer perished, thrones been turned into dloze, stretches its huge proportions, bonfires, and nations been trampled yawns, and begins to give signs of by the heels of Cossacks and Hulans, life. This occurs annually about the let the Covent-Garden pantomime beginning of November. The second pride itself in the constancy of its is when it is fairly on its legs, and fame. The present performance is plunges into business. This occurs founded on the play of George Barnabout the beginning of February. well, called in the bills, for fondness' The third is when, tired of business, it sake, Georgey. This play was cusbegins to think of pleasure, and its legs tomarily performed at Christmas and are employed in dancing, promenading, Easter, with the well-meant intention and running to shows. This begins of warning the young traders of Lonin May. Two months of quadrilling don against lending too ready an ear are enough to exhaust the reluctant to the temptations of the town. But vivacity of the great metropolis—the as it was probably found that the exmagnates glide away to their coun- hibition of pilfering tills and shooting ties, to feed themselves into popularity uncles began to be more strongly imagainst the next election, or shut pressed on the apprentice generation themselves
up in their town mansions, than the hanging that followed, and and are invisible, on pretence of being especially now that hanging is merely a thousand miles off; or steam their a matter of history, the managers have way over to Paris, Aix-la-Chapelle, laid its moral aside, and Covent-Garand Baden, to learn foreign morals, den has had the vigour to farcify it for live at their ease with principessas and the merriment of mankind. la baroness, leave a daughter or two George Barnwell is preceded by a behind in the care of some dancing- mystification of the kingdom of Sloth. master, or discharged valet, or pro- The lubber-fiend exhibits himself surfessional gambler, who call themselves rounded by a coterie of genii, bearing counts,and import into England the cor- the name of Gluttony, Laziness, &c. ruption that they have so rapidly learn- He announces the forthcoming ruin of the most promising of all apprentices, grees. It would be difficult to ascend and the genii, delighted at the pros- à stair at such an angle; yet this pect, vanish in a blaze, with a strong young person, night after night, walks smell of sulphur. George is then seen up the terrific ascent, when the slightat his ledger ; he is posting with a est false step, giddiness of head, or marvellous industry, and is evidently accidental agitation, must be her in a fair way of being a millionaire. death. If she fell she must be dashed But Millwood comes, buys some tea to pieces. The gazers in the pit, too, and sugar, gives him her card_a are in rather an uncomfortable posisquare of pasteboard a foot long—and tion; for, in its present crowded state, invites him to an evening party. she would probably kill several perGeorge shuts up his windows, dresses sons in her fall. This feat is regardhimself en beau, and sallies forth. The ed as the ne plus ultra of the profesparty are dancing quadrilles. Mill- sion, and which no one has accomplishwood asks whether he has brought his ed since Madame, a short, thick, little uncle's money with him, and the story lump of activity, who was the glory of proceeds in the old style to the end. Vauxhall some years ago. But the Then comes the fairy queen, turns all peril takes off all the pleasure, and no the characters into the dramatis per- one who saw it once would probably sone of harlequinade, and the tumb- ever desire to see it again. lings and transformations begin. Some of the scenery is striking, and, among the rest, the Parliament-House, after
VALENTINE'S DAY. Barry's' design, produces a forcible effect. Then come satirical touches Oh, love ! terrific, tender love, at public life. Something expressive What plaguey work you make ! of the newspaper regulations turns From New-year's Day to New-year's Day into a boiling-pot, inscribed a mess of No rest you seem to take. rice. The papers are next measured
And yet you're such a tiny thing, by his “ superficial inch ” rule; and
To wise men it seems odd each is vying with the other in size.
That earth should truckle thus to thee, But Harlequin touches the Weekly Thou demi-semi-god. Despatch, and, by a very clever con
The day, of all the livelong year, trivance, it instantly spreads over the whole scene. Wyatt's masterly eques
On which you brightest shine,
Is February's fourteenth day, trian statue of George the Third is
Delicious Valentine. transformed into a man, which goes off firing a salute in honour of William 0, then, what heaving of young hearts, the Fourth. Then comes an imitator
What smiles, what swoons, and cries, of Rice, the American Jim Crow. If And rhymes of every kind and sort, this be the specimen of native talent
And sighs of every size! which our brothers on the other side
No day makes such a stir as this, of the Atlantic send as their represen- Not even King William's natal ; tative, we can have no great wish for Of all the fêtes, to Valentine new importations. Jim Crow is a Thy fête is the most fatal. miserable, ragged negro, who sings a horrid tune to the lowest and most
All other feasts are sinking fast,
But yours shall ne'er decline ; unmeaning of all possible jargons: If And, oh! among read-letter days, there were humour of any kind in it,
What day can match with thine ? the vulgarity might, perhaps, be pardoned from the mouth of the wretch
All now to love their homage pay, who roars; but it is utterly dull, and
From him that guides the plough, is merely a string of negro slang.
To him that guides the state : the King
Himself's a courtier now. The pantomime closes with an extraordinary exhibition of strength, stea- Love leads poor mortals such a dance diness, and courage, yet one of the
O'er hill, and vale, and plain : most painful exhibitions possible.
The world seems all one vast quadrilleMadame Irvine walks up a rope from
The figure, ladies' chain. the back of the stage to the upper gal- This day is nature's grand court day, lery. The rope is scarcely thicker Where high and low you meet , than a man's wrist. The ascent is at The noble with his lady gayan elevation of nearly forty-five de- The beggar with his suite.
There's not a trade or mystery
counts for the simplest state of the But love finds means to bind ;
dream—that in which the mind, unThe oldest blacksmith at his forge disturbed by either bodily pain or exFeels hammerously inclined.
ternal impulse, follows its own free Jack Ketch himself now dreads a noose course of enjoyment; flies all round Surpassing his own art;
the world ; lives in the moon, the sun, The butcher feels, with strange surprise, the stars; plunges in the depths of That he has got a heart.
ocean; gives serandas under the
wall of China, or sits under the perThe beasts are all in the same plight,
fumed groves of Ceylon. No theory The horse, the ass, the steer ; The lion finds his own true love,
accounts for the existence of images to
the full as vivid as those of the waking The stag has got his deer.
senses, and much more vivid than The little mouse, though small he be,
those of memory, when the senses are Courts after his own fashion ;
wholly closed, and the body repreThe very mite's oblige to own
sents but a mass of helpless inaction. That love's a mity passion.
If memory is the sole agent, why is it And while Miss Grace invites her beau that the images of dreams have such With her to-day to wander,
superior clearness? If invention be The very goose whose quill she wields the sole agent, why is it that multiIs gone to meet her gander.
tudes who, in their waking hours, Since birds and beasts don't die for love,
have not the power of combining halfI think it were inhuman
a-dozen ideas together in the shape of If woman's heart I fail to move,
a story, and who would no more To dangle after woman.
think of fabricating an adventure than
they would of fabricating a palace, But, Cupid, if on me you shine, I'm young, and yours for life ;
yet follow idea after idea in all the I've done with fickle Valentine,
windings of story every night of their
lives, and wander in the wildest and And anchor with a wife.
most curious adventure through every
region of the globe. The subject of dreams is one of the In casting contempt on the usual problems which continually attract theories, we have none of our own to and continually baffle human investi- replace them. The subject seems to gation. Every one dreams, yet no be totally beyond human knowledge, man solves the phenomena. 'Every and if we are to derive any concluman is conscious that the strangest sion from it, it is as to its evidence of imaginable deviations from the com- the power which the mind is capable mon things and thoughts of life pass of exercising when the view of exbefore him in sleep, yet the most phi- ternal things is totally shut out, when losophical are still totally at a loss to the mind is as completely as possible discover the cause, the instrument, or left to its own workings, and when its the law of those most singular, excit- delights, pains, and actions, must proing, and perpetually recurring mo- ceed almost wholly from its own contions of the mind. All attempts to stitution. account for them by peculiar actions Thus, if we find that the inactivity of the brain are idle.
Who can see
of the body in sleep has no effect on or know the actual state of the organ? the activity of the mind, if it does not All attempts to account for them by absolutely contribute to it, what is to association of ideas are equally idle. prevent us from conceiving that a still What does any man know even of more extreme state of inactivity, even the nature of that association ? Every death, would only free and invigorate theory which hopes to determine them the movement of the mind in a supeby external impulses has equally fail- rior degree? That the body is no more ed. That external impulses will oft- the man than the clothes are the man, en influence the dream is notorious ; or than the house is the inhabitant, but this seems to occur only in an there can be no doubt whatever. The imperfect condition of slumber, when body is necessary to our communicathe senses are partly awake. That tion with the material world, and with bodily pain will influence them also our fellow men. But when the indithere is no doubt. Still this is an vidual shall have run his course in the imperfect condition, and on the verge world, and the law of nature, which is of waking. No theory hitherto ac- but the will of Providence, removes