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Yea! by twain longings are my heart-strings drawn
v. PAUL THE SILENTIARY TO AGATHIAS THE SCHOLIAST. Otopòv Epws, oix oids.—. t. .
1. The rebel Eros owns no code of laws
Which mortals from his sovereign sway release ; And since the law thy heart from love withdraws, Love ruffles gently now thy bosom's peace.
2. Strange love indeed! when even a frith detains
So brisk a lover from his mistress' charms; Thou'rt no Leander, urged by passion's pains, To swim the midnight waters to her arms.
3. Still take a boat, my friend, if nothing loath
To own Athena's, not Cythera's spell;
1. Now the mead-painting grace of soothing spring
Opens her bosom to the whispering breeze : For foreign climes our vessels now on wing Slide from our shores on rollers to the seas.
2. Forth without fear, ye sailors, and expand
The swelling canvass to the breath of spring : For meek-eyed Trade points out a distant land, And gold will give you for the goods ye bring,
3. And I Priapus to your barks when toss'd
On tumbling billows, am a friend indeed ; Since Thetis aided,,proud to me the boast !
My father Bacchus in his hour of need. *
PLATO TO ASTER.
† Actigas cirudgioso-x. t. a.
* Bornaldi Vide Virg. Georg. Lib. iv.
- liquefacta boum per viscera toto
Stridere apes utero, &c. &c. + Thus exactly rendered by Appuleius :
Astra vides : utinam fiam, mi sidus, Olympus !
A WORD IN SEASON TO THE CONSERVATIVES OF SCOTLAND.
Ir bas been matter of frequent re- age has armed the Agitator, may mark, that the Parliamentary majori. ground a fearful anticipation of the ty by which Sir Robert Peel was possibility of such a further increase driven from office, and on which the in the number of his adherents, as may present Government depends for its lead some to adopt the anti-national precarious tenure of place, owes its project of the repeal of the union existence to the votes of Scotch and and that for the very reason which Irish members. The disgraceful and O'Connell assigns for abandoning its un English proceeding of condemning agitation_namely, the supremacy of the Conservative Ministry without a the Irish party in the British legislatrial was marked with a degree of ture. guilt with which the representatives But what shall be said of Scotland ? of the southern portion of the island Where shall we look for the causes as a body are not chargeable. The that have secured for our own counconstituencies to whom the right of try a foremost place in the ranks of popular election was most familiar revolution ? Ignorance cannot be did not so abuse the trust committed pleaded as an excuse for error, in a to them, as to countenance conduct, country where education, and that of the folly of which was equalled only the best kind, has for centuries been by its wickedness. Had the issue of within the reach of the poorest of the the struggle between the Conserva- people. Here there are no religious tives and Destructives depended on animosities to be allayed-no powerthe result of the elections in England, ful influences against which the friends the triumph of the friends of the Con- of the constitution have to contend. stitution had been secure. And if ig- The Aristocracy are by an overnorance and prejudice have for a time whelming majority Conservative. prevailed over sound political wisdom, Witness the result of every election of and a coalition the most infamous Peers. The higher ranks generally that ever disgraced the annals of this entertain similar opinions. No mancountry, has for the present succeeded be his own politics what they may, in usurping the seat of Government, can have moved in good society in the blame is attachable--not to the Scotland, without remarking the al. representatives of the worth, proper- most invariable prevalence of such senty, and intelligence of the land, but timents among the influential classes. to the pledged delegates who retail A vast proportion of the wealth of the within the walls of St Stephens the country-a still larger proportion of seditious sentiments of Irish Catho- the land, is in the hands of the Tory lics and Scotch Radicals.
party. In the church--the universiThe evil in regard to Ireland ad- ties-the legal profession—the monied mits of explanation more easily, we interest in each of these the Conserfear, than of remedy. The fatal mea- vatives outnumber their Liberal opposure of Catholic Emancipation gave nents by at least three to one. The to the priesthood in that country a very tone and temper of the national power, which it was the effect--if not character ---- quick and ardent in the the object-of the Reform Bill to pursuit of truth, but proverbially consolidate and increase. Every sub- tenacious of opinions once received and sequent act of the Government has cherished—would seem to furnish a served to strengthen the influence of guarantee against the people of this O'Connell and his auxiliaries the country being made the dupes of polipriests. Even before the openly tical agitation. To crown all, the inavowed “ compact" between the rump fluence of religion-stronger here than of the Whig Ministry and the Popish among our southern neighbours--and party, two-fifths of the Irish members that warm attachment to the Estabwere the representatives, not of lished Church which still exists, espethe people of Ireland, but of the cially in the minds of the rural popuLord of Derrinane Abbey. And lation, might have grounded a hope the vast accession of power with which that the electors throughout Scotland the possession of Government patron- would have been found supporting, by
VOL. XLI, NO. CCLVI.
a large majority, the cause of peace, ment and plebeian intimidation. But and order, and good government, and before the dismissal of Lord Melbourne's occupying the foremost ranks of the government in November 1834, the Opposition to the present anti-national disease had begun to work out its own and anti-Christian administration. But remedy. The Whigs were not four although all these things are as we have years in office without affording proof described them, although the educa- enough, that if grasping nepotism, open tion-the intelligence—the rank—the violation of the most solemn pledges, wealth-the influence—the moral feel and selfish clinging to place, at whatever ings, and the religious principles of the sacrifice, are the characteristics of any country are all arrayed in defence of political party, they are not exclusivethe constitution—these powerful wean ly at least, the qualities of the Conserpons have hitherto proved insufficient, vatives. The people of England learnwith which to combat the demon of ed long ago that the loudest profes. democracy. Of the thirty members re- sions of friendship afford no test by turned at the last general election by which to ascertain who are their true the counties of Scotland, one-half only friends. Experience had begun to were chosen on account of their Con- teach the electors throughout Scotservative principles, while the burgh land the same lesson. Doubts were representation, extending to twenty suggested whether those whose conduct three seats, is, with one honourable ex- in every relation of private life had been ception, monopolized by the Whig unexceptionable, who were the kind. Radical party.
est of landlords—the most indulgent of The preponderance thus obtained masters—the best of neighbours-were by the enemies of the Constitution in really deserving, on account of their this part of the island is doubtless to public principles, of being assailed with be traced to causes of very temporary abuse, pelted with mud, and burned in operation. The novelty of the elec- effigy. Long cherished feelings of pritoral privilege was in itself a power- vate gratitude and personal esteem were ful impediment to its proper exercise. beginning once more to assert the place Those on whom the measure of Lord among the motives of human action, John Russell conferred the franchise, which was for a time usurped by vague were naturally induced, by motives ideas of universal philanthropy, and a which we can scarcely blame, to li- cordial attachment to the institutions of mit themselves, in the first enjoyment the country in Church and State, comof their new right, to the choice of bined with a strong sense of the real those by whose influence it had been identity of the best interests of the va. secured to them. A vote given rious classes of the community, were against the Reform Bill at any of its gradually substituting themselves for stages, however patriotic and conscien- the senseless love of change, and the tious were the motives by which it was feverish desire for speculative improvedictated, formed in the eyes of many ments. constituencies, a stigma which no indi. It cannot be doubted that the events vidual fitness for the office of a Parlia of the last eighteen months have greatmentary representative was able to ly accelerated the return of the public efface; and when to this disadvantage, mind in Scotland to Conservative prinagainst which almost every Conserva- ciples. An enlightened abhorrence tive candidate had to contend, is add- of the tenets of Popery has ever been ed the effect of the visionary expec. a marked feature in the religious chatations artfully instilled into the po. racter of the people of Scotland; and a pular mind of the indefinite benefits measure, acknowledged by the Prime which would accrue from the continu. Minister himself to be “ a heavy blow ance in office of a Reform Ministry, we to Protestantism,” was not likely to can scarcely be surprised that in the find favour in the eyes of the adheelections of 1832, and even to a certain rents of a church planted by Knox. extent in those of 1835, shallow self- One of the ablest of that Church's conceit and empty declamation were Theologians—and certainly the most in many instances preferred to sound eloquent of her preachers, has openly principle, tried worth, and great senator- declared his conviction that her inial ability, and the natural influence of terests are not safe in the hands of a talent-of rank-of fortune--of charac- government maintaining the principle ter-of local and family connexion of appropriation. The effect which overborne for a time by popular excite- such a declaration—from so high a quarter-is likely to produce in open the individuals of that party our coning the eyes of the Scottish people to viction, that nothing but an immethe unprincipled designs of the go- diate and final abandonment of these vernment, was virtually acknowledged errors will permanently secure for by the coarse and brutal invective them that prominent place in the scale with which the venerated name of of political importance, to which they Chalmers was in consequence assailed are on every account so well enby the Ministerial press. But the re- titled. verend Doctor only spoke the senti. The fundamental mistake into ments of every educated man not sway- which, as it humbly appears to us, ed by self-interest, or blinded by party the majority of the Conservative prejudice. Go where we will, we find party have more or less fallen, conmany who were the strenuous sup. sists in their failing to perceive porters of the Reform bill, and the in its full extent the nature of the willing adherents of Earl Grey's go- change, which the passing of the Revernment, but who are now engaged form Act has effected, in the practical heart and hand in maintaining the Con- working of political affairs. Nothing servative cause. Those at a distance has illustrated the pre-eminent abilities can have no idea of the extent of the of the great leader of our party Sir reaction which has taken place in Robert Peel, so much as the admirable Scotland since the reform fever in tact with which he has adapted him1832. The counties of Edinburgh, self to the extensive modifications, Stirling, Berwick, Roxburgh, Selkirk, which the British Constitution underInverness, and Orkney, afford exam went by the measure of 1832. No. ples of constituencies among whom thing certainly could have more representatives of Conservative prin- entirely confounded our opponents, ciples have already supplanted those who in framing the Reform Bill, inof opposite sentiments, who were the tended to construct a machine, the first objects of their choice. In the management of which should be as a event of another general election, sealed book to all except themselves. Haddington would regain the charac. And it is by a similar line of conduct, ter which, from accidental circum- adopted by every member of the Constances, it lost at the dissolution of servative party in his own sphere, 1835. Dumfries, Wigton, and Caith- that the triumph of right principles ness would allow their present mem- will be secured in the counties, and bers to retain their seats only because, ultimately even in the burghs of Scotthough Reformers in 1832, they are land. now opponents of the Melbourne Go- Perhaps the most prominent change vernmentwhile the list of new ac effected by the working of the Reform quisitions of territory to the Conser- Act, is in the constitution of the House vative cause would, we believe, be of Commons, and consequently in the swelled by the addition of Perthshire, office of a Parliamentary representaRoss-shire, Sutherland, Argyleshire, tive. A seat in Parliament is not Lanark, Renfrew, and Dumbarton. now, as heretofore, an object of am
We are far from wishing that these bition in the eyes of almost every man anticipations of future success should of fortune and family in the kingdom. create in the minds of the individuals The privilege of sitting on the same of our party any thing like a feeling bench with Mr O'Connell and Mr of security or over-confidence, or in- Gully is a distinction which few men duce them in any degree to relax their will be inclined to value very highly. exertions in the cause of good govern- Nor will the pleasure derivable from ment. On the contrary, our expecta- listening to the eloquence of Mr Hume tions of future good are all founded, or Mr Poulett Thompson, be consiit will be observed, on an acknow- dered by many a sufficient recompense ledgment of past evil; and it is because for the cares and toils of a Parliamenwe cannot conceal from ourselves the tary life. To the needy adventurers fact, that a portion at least of the ill who resort to politics as a trade, it success which attended the Conserva- may matter little of what materials tive cause at the first popular election the House of Commons is composed. in Scotland, was to be traced to the But to those who hold a certain staerrors of the Conservative party them- tion in society, to men of cultivated selves, that we are anxious, with all taste and refined habits, who can apsincerity and plainness, to declare to preciate the pleasures of intellectual