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To die for treason is a common evil, must admit, that the poor man's conBut, to be hanged for nonsense is the dition calls most loudly and righteousd_1.'”

ly for relief. Believe him, for Hea

ven's sake, and you may then talk of From the writer's residence in the Justice for Ireland, without blasphenorth of Ireland he has had peculiar my! I have seen a succession of opportunities of seeing the operation governments, and of agitating socieof this severity of government to the 'ties. But I have not observed the Orangemen, whose only crime was attention of any directed to the most that of exhibiting an unfashionable miserable hovels that ever were used zeal for the faith and freedom of their for the residence of mankind. Can Protestant ancestors. “ After the 12th we relieve from hunger and cold, and of July it was deemed proper to order allow the forlorn peasant, in his an indiscriminate prosecution of all who looped and windowed raggedness, any had walked in procession on that day. condiment to his scanty potato ? No, From the numbers implicated within the no! this does not fall within the circle limits of the petty sessions I attend, I of our Agitator's humanity. He would conclude, that the amount of offenders feed the poor fellow with a reform of within the county of Antrim must the Peers! and season his mess with a come to several hundreds. They will purified municipality. But his physiall be upon the scale of suffering be cal wants have been laudably unnotween inconvenience and ruin. Many ticed. They agitate, however, and of them will be obliged to tramp fifty that is enough. We can be agitated or sixty miles through the mire to our out of all our wrongs, and into all our assize town. This, to be sure, seems rights. Diet, lodging, raiment, are all pretty well adapted to the exigency comprehended in agitation." of their case, for, as walking was the On the contemptible jesuitry of lanwhole of their offence, so walking may guage by which the faction stimulate constitute a part of their expiation. the populace, while they pretend to There is some difference indeed be- soothe, he forcibly remarks__To be tween walking against and with a sure, the rules of our agitators are not man's inclination. In July, besides, very intelligible. The actors are to he had nothing to do, and could be resist by the means of submission, and spared a day from the field. But, in to submit by the means of resistance. March and April he will have the seed They threaten by implication, and labour on his hands, and he cannot so exclude menace in distinct terms. conveniently absent himself for a week, They challenge an adversary to the or, as it may chance, a much longer field, but declare that a drop of his period. The costs which he must ne- blood shall not be shed, nor a hair of cessarily incur, are not to be forgotten. his head injured in the conflict. If I should think that the law's dignity no other agitation will do, then a Rewould have been sufficiently vindicated peal of the Union shall be agitated. by the prosecution of those whose Peaceful agitation and war to the walkings were at all connected with a knife.' What is to be gained by this breach of the peace. I am sure many Repeal, it might, before we have seen of the heedless people who have be. the balance-sheet, be thought premacome obnoxious to punishment were ture to pronounce. But we may conunconscious of having offended. But fidently anticipate a most tremendous penalty is condign to all."

extinction of human life that of Mr On the abominable knavery, by Sharman Crawford included. We which the faction disturb the country, may reckon upon a very general conand yet leave every actual suffering of fiscation of property, a ferocious and the peasant disregarded, if not in- bloody despotism, and an absolute abocreased, Sir F. Macnaughten justly lition of all liberty and law." observes,

But against this bideous consumma. " If it cannot be proved that our tion of the triumph of the faction, the agitators are authorized by the people, writer protests. « No. We will not it will be iniquitous to impute agita- have a separation of the kingdom. tion to them. Justice for Ireland.' Leaving social and patriotic feelings If this mean to include justice to the aside, there is no rational man who poor peasant, I say, be it so. Every would not, for his own sake, rather one who knows any thing of Ireland, enter upon warfare, and die in defence of the union, than survive, to the de rapine that desires to seize it. Twelve solation and horrors which must, as months' unresisted progress of Radiwe are now situated, follow from its calism might strip every landed prorepeal. No repeal. *Death's-head and prietor of half or the whole of his cross-bones have no charms for us.'” property, bring the country into such

And yet O'Connell is suffered, day à state of confusion, that all trade by day, to menace the country with would be paralyzed, all banking a repeal of the Union. Why is not firms run upon, and half our merthe agitation of this topic declared by chants bankrupts. Twelve months' statute to be high treason as high unresisted progress of the Popish factreason it is to attempt to dissever the tion might utterly destroy the Protesempire—and the villain who should tant church in Ireland, with it throw henceforth pronounce it be hanged, every shape of Protestantism into the whoever he might be? But what are jaws of persecution, enact some furious the open demands of the faction, de- tax, inhibition, or composition against mands which must be yielded, or re- the Church of England, whose resistpeal is to be the consequence ? "A ance by the clergy would produce the Municipal Reform Act according to closing of their churches, the confine. their own taste-an absolute abolition ment of the clergy themselves in dunof tithes—the appropriation clause geons, fines and penalties of all kinds, (unless it should merge in the aboli- and the most universal misery, poverty, tion of tithes)—a new and lowered) and convulsion through the empire. qualification of voters—short Parlia- All those things have been before, unments—an organic change in the con- der the united influence of Radicalism stitution of the House of Lords. All and fanaticism, and what is there in this, and much more, they are to have, human nature to prevent their being or else—a breaking up of the Parlia- again? And is not the chance of such ment of the United Kingdom, and a consequences the most natural sumseverance of Ireland from Great Bri- mons to exert every power of human tain."

activity, vigilance, and principle, under From this he goes into the legal God, to keep them as far from us as view of the existence of the Associa- we can ? tion, and shows it to be utterly against Of the four parties which now dithe letter and the spirit of the law. vide public opinion, it is a remarkable “ If the Association," says he, “ be distinction, that the most desperately lawful (if lawless, why is it endured ?) mischievous in its principle is by far we must conclude that our Govern- the most persevering, the most sysment is too feeble to stand against, or tematic, and the most effective in its without, the favour of a mob having progress. Popery, the sworn enemy profligacy enough to menace and in- of our religion, our nation, our freesult it. But the statute 33d of George dom, and our empire, leaves all at a the Third, chap. 29, is still in force, distance in point of actual power. entitled, "To prevent the election or The Conservatives, though growing appointment of unlawful Assemblies, in influence with the growing appre. under pretence of preparing or pre- hensions of all good men, act chiefly senting petitions or other addresses to on the defensive. A weak policy at his Majesty or the Parliament. We all times, and worst of all now-the must admit that the Association does barbarian policy, which Demosthenes not proceed under such or any other describes as never anticipating the pretence; it acts boldly of itself, and blow, but clapping its hands helplessly is sui juris."

on the wound. The Whigs act upon We call upon all honest English- neither the defensive nor the offensive; men to look well to themselves at this they feel themselves merely tenants at moment. The day of harmless party will, and exert all their ingenuity in contests is gone by. All the old out. contriving to remain on the premises works of the Constitution are thrown without paying the rent. In the lowdown, and the storm is now against est spirit of state-traffic, they are perthe citadel. It is no longer a mere fectly willing to bargain with either question between Whig and Tory, side, and having no other object than but, as the orators at the Bath dinner that of place, they have no other conopenly declare, “between Aristocracy ception of policy than that of taking and Democracy;" in other words, the side which will longest ensure between property as it exists, and the them their salaries,

The Radicals are bitter, loud, and In the mean time, what may be callactive. But they are still few in the ed the domestic government of the House; their leaders are personally faction, never relaxes. The payment without weight; their projects are too of the Protestant clergy is, as the nakedly furious for effect in Parlia. Duke of Wellington observed on the ment until vote by ballot and house first night of the Session, rendered hold suffrage shall have radicalized a nullity. The serving of law proParliament itself. Their republicans cesses is death to the server, and the ism is too glaring, rash, and ferocious. clergy, thus deprived of their lawful The Members of the House are not means, are forced to live on the charity yet prepared for the worship of the of England. The man who pays tithe guillotine.

is menaced with the death's-head and But it is the Popish faction which is cross-bones, and all resistance to the the incarnation of evil. It is openly Popish mandate is a matter of the ut. pronounced by every man acquainted most peril to the individual. with the present condition of Ireland, But even this is too tardy for the that it rules that unhappy country. Association. Within these few weeks It possesses the whole Irish patronage. a manifesto has been issued, under the It is now filling all the higher situa- hand of its leader, whose effect must tions of the law with its creatures. It be to keep Ireland in a perpetual state is making Judges, Attorneys- General, of “agitation." This paper is divided and Solicitors-General. It has just formally into heads, and its object is made the Master of the Rolls. It has beyond all misunderstanding. Its first just appointed a Papist, Mr Pigott, to section proposes “ to call upon every the place of confidential law adviser parish of Ireland, without any delay, to the crown in Ireland, one of the to appoint tuo pacificators (!) for the most important possible in the present purpose of forwarding the objects of state of affairs, for to his department the Association, and obtaining `justice come all questions relative to the dis- to Ireland.'” We perfectly compreputes on church property and tithes, hend the sort of pacification such the conduct of magistrates, and the agents would produce, and the Assocontrol of the constabulary force. ciation comprehends it too. A long By its Attorney and Solicitors-Gene- series of directions for the duties of ral the Popish faction puts the councils those persons follows. They are to of the crown into the hands of Papists. be elected, one by the populace, and It now openly proclaims, that when the other by the priest of the parish. Lord Plunket can be driven from his They are to be furnished with newsplace, it will have the Chancellorship papers, of what kind and for what in its grasp. It has made the Lord. purpose we may easily conjecture. Lieutenant; it has made the Irish Another employment of those persons Secretary. In short, it has made the is, to intermeddle in all faction-fights, whole existing fabric of the Irish Go for the purpose, as Mr O'Connell says, vernment.

of putting them down! Another is, to Having thus established an execu- report to the Association the names of tive after its own heart, it has pro. all voters in the parish, their landlords, ceeded to establish a legislature. In their principles, and the influence that the General National Association it may be exerted to make them vote for, has a Parliament to all intents and or against their country! In fact, a repurposes. In that Parliament it pro. gular spy system, with the wrath of poses public measures, debates on the the Association, to keep men's conleading questions of the day, poor sciences in order. Another is, to pro. laws, finance, &c., raises taxes, appro- cure the collections of the justice rent priates them, and does all this in the a regular tax system. Another, to most open defiance, and with the most ascertain the number of persons illeundisturbed impunity. In this Par- gally and unjustly sued, or persecuted liament it assembles all the official for tithes, and to report their names representatives of Popery, the arch- and grievances to the Association. As bishops, bishops, and inferior priest- Mr ('Connell pronounces the whole hood of its church, the lay lords, and system of tithes criminal, bloody, and public demagogues, and thus exhibits so forth, we may imagine the purpose of to the Papists of Ireland the complete this part of his diplomatic instructions! form of a legislature of their own." There are more dåties of the same kina

in his list. And it is to be remembered bers, since the world was created ! that his pacificators constitute a com- Their actions are indefensible, says plete Papist police. That as there are this depositary of Government; their about two thousand parishes in Ire- declared reasons are unfounded and land, he would thus have 4000 regular false. But the palliation is, that they and constant agents in every corner of are neither ashamed nor afraid to inthe country. Besides the 2000 priests, sult the Government, the law, and the who are his to a man, besides the vo- common sense of the nation! Let us lunteer partisans, who look for places take a case. If a gang of murderers great and small, from a seat on the were to start up in the streets of Lonbench of judges to a gaugership, or a don, would their guilt be the less by constableship in the police. And above choosing mid-day instead of midnight all, the secret force which the Jesuits, for cutting throats; or by proclaimthe monkish orders, and the whole in- ing in the public ear, that their printrigue of Popery, Irish, French, Spa- ciple was to cut throats, and that they nish, and Italian, organizes in Ireland. would go on, knife in hand ? If it be Thus stands the account between treason to demand the separation of England and the Agitator. It is with the empire, those men demand that this boundless power that our folly, separation. But they talk it openly, our negligence of Protestantism, and and therefore. Or, if it be productive our criminal forgetfulness of the true of measureles3 misery, tumult, and unchangeableness and virulence of bloodshed to stimulate the Popish Popery has armed him.

peasantry against the payment of those But, are we not to find some refuge tithes, which they have all, by their in a Government which has not yet leases, voluntarily bound themselves to declared itself Papist, and which now pay, then all those charges fall on the and then attempts to disclaim its mis. head of those men. Yet all become erable dependence on the faction? Let innocent because they openly brave us rest on that hope if we will. The all Government, abjure all law, and very first night of the Session settled defy all obligation ! the question.

Can any man doubt the motives of Lord Melbourne's speech on the this language? But Lord John Rusaddress, January 31, shows distinctly sell makes them clearer still, if possithe conditions on which his Ministry ble. He was called on, on the first live. “ One subject," said this Prime night of the Session, to say whether Minister of England ! " which had he would dare to go even so far as the called forth the noble Duke's (Wels Premier. " I shall say nothing now," lington's) observations, was the estab- said Lord John ; « but you shall lishment of the National Association hear all on Tuesday." Tuesday in Ireland. No man had viewed with came, and in the debate on the Mumore regret than he did, the existence nicipal Bill for Ireland, he came of that Association. He did not think to this embarrassing point at last. that the grounds on which it was sta. And what was his contrivance? A ted to have been built, justified its crec- manly speaker would have said at tion! (Hear, hear, and loud cheers)." once that he either approved or dis

So far went the English Minister, approved of the Association. But then came the O'Connellite. “ He he was not to be caught in this track. could not help saying, that proceed. He approached it by a double, worthy ings had taken place in that Associa- of Maynooth. “ If," said he, “any tion, of which he could not, for one, body were to tell me that an associaapprove." . No Cabinet affair, but tion was formed in Scotland, making simply the disapprobation of an indi. laws, raising money, and demanding vidualin a coffee-house or a club-room. the change of national polity, I should However, something more direct must very much regret it indeed." His be hazarded. “And I must in justice Lordship dares not, even here, go the say," pronounces the head of the Ca- length of reprobating it. No, it is binet in the face of the peerage of merely a source of sentimental sorEngland, “ that their proceedings are row. What! the usurpation of the open as the day, and that no conceal. powers of government, a virtual rement of what they intended has taken bellion, can stir his tender nature no place!" Was such an excuse ever further than regret? “ But," says he, offered before for a knot of disture with O'Connell full in his front, “ as to Ireland, the question is different. ject of the faction is the utter ruin of I ask has she not had wrongs?"- Protestantism. The cry is for the Wrongs ! Lord Melbourne attempt, subjection of England to the old ed to justify the Association merely sway of Rome, and the reinstalment of by the insolence of its achievements. the old pollutions of Popery in the " It scorned to hide any of its acts, churches of the empire. The Papists be their colour what they may." have no hesitation in avowing this Lord John shifts the ground, and jus- object. Your church shall perish, tifies their illegality on their wrongs. and with it the heresy of England," What wrongs, we demand ? If they say the Popish haranguers. The have them, why not apply to Parlia. Popish publications are already insoment-to the tribunals ? But nine lently congratulating England on the years after the Emancipation bill, increasing numbers of Popish chapels which was declared to have wiped and colleges. And the Popish eccleaway all the recollection and all the siastics are in all directions sounding existence of Popish wrongs ! Seven their coming triumph. To this puryears after the halcyon commence pose all their political movements are ment of Whig supremacy ! Three subservient. O'Connell is but the years after the jubilee of Lord John's creature of the priests; the peasantry, accession! But when was it ever for whose wrongs his clamour is raiheard of before, that the wrongs of a sed, are but dust under the march of party justified it in forming a govern- that arrogant and sanguinary suprement for itself, in defiance of the Go- macy. Let not Englishmen, in their vernment of the country ; entitled it lazy confidence, imagine that such to seize the whole power of a large things are impossible. Nothing is portion of empire in equal defiance of more within the judgment of Provi. the laws, and invested it with authori. dence than the loss of religion to a ty to persecute a great class of their people careless of the gift. Where fellow-subjects in defiance of the con- are the early churches of Asia ? stitution ? We demand, what are Where the Protestant churches of their wrongs? We defy the faction Spain, Italy, and France ? Every to bring forward any, but their being portion of the civilized world has had prohibited from having their full ven- a church on Protestant principles in geance on the Church, the Protest. its day of light. Where are those antism, and the English connexion of churches now? Removed from naIreland. Can there be more unequi- tions, negligent of their purity, indovocal proofs that the Ministry are lent in their preservation, and thus tied hand and foot in the fetters of unworthy of their presence. And the faction ; that the tenure of their what is there to exempt England from existence is submission to that faction; the common punishment, if she is and that the longer they are suffered found guilty of the common crime ? to retain the name of Ministers, the What is there to save her pastors and heavier must be the price which they, her people from the horrid tyrannies, and we through them, still will be which the returning power of Rome compelled to pay to this faction. has always exercised upon those who

But the great question for us is resist her pollutions. We are as far this— By what means shall England from superstitions as any men alive. be saved? They must be prompt, for But who can see the system, the pracall things are urged on to rapid over- tices, and the purposes of Popery, throw; vigorous, for they have to without seeing their utter opposition resist ferocious activity; and high to the Scriptures ? Who can read principled, for they struggle for the those sacred books, without seeing the noblest inheritance of man, civil and solemn denunciations launched against religious freedom, against every arti- all who worship the “ persecutor of fice and atrocity of men to whom the saints ?" Who can hear, without principle is unknown. Englishmen conviction, the divine command_" To must not, for a moment, let it escape come out of her, lest we perish in her their view, that the first and last ob- plagues ?"

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