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Obedient to thy Lord's command, When God despised, and Church beAnd bearest still, through blood and trayed, flame,

Hang heavy on their dying head ;Unchanging witness to his name. Their gloomy bed no Church shall tend And He, thy Spouse, hath honoured Maternally, to soothe their end ; thee

Nor priest shall bless, nor sins forgiven The mother of his saints to be ; In absolution whisper Heaven; He shielded thee from every ill, But awful on their misty brow 'I hy light, and life, and glory still, Shall press their Baptism's broken vow. Thy guide in slumber's treacherous Thus, Father, fall thy wrathful arm hour,

On those who seek thy Church's harm. Thy guard from Rome and Satan's But you, her sons, who boldly stand power.

Before the altars of your land, O'er thee, 'mid churches', empires' And dare to face the foeman's pride, waste,

And die for Her, as Jesus died Three hundred years have harmless Go on in His great might, who first past,

Through Death and Hell's dark barStill favoured as at first, and pure,

riers burst, Still in His hope and love secure. In purity from earth to raise

Oh, Church! may never foe molest A holy people to His praise. The gentle peace that fills thy breast; And Thou, above all others blest, May never discord in thee rise

Church! in thy militance, with rest, To mar thy heavenly harmonies ; And peace, and favour from above, The song of faith thy children raise And, more than all, a Bridegroom's In these tempestuous evil days; Where round thy shrines they gather- Oh! shine thy lamp as burnished gold ing stand,

All glorious; be thy faith as bold, A glorious and devoted band,

Thy peace as meek, thy hope as high, While'gainst them Rome, and Schism, As warmly pure thy charity, and Hell,

As in those early, first-love days, Are leaguered with the Infidel. When thou didst hymn thy Saviour's A recreant and apostate host,

praise, Lost to the Church, to Jesus lost, Fresh as the morn, and free from earth And perjured to that oath of power As spirits in thy second birth. They sware in childhood's guileless And as the moon through night's still hour,

hours When thou didst seal their infant brow Reflects the light her brother showers, With thine unchanging, holy vow, Receiving thus, and giving light, And calledst them by Christ's dear Go on thy way serene and bright, name,

Blessed, and having power to bless, And to thy bosom foldest them. From Him, thy “ Sun of RighteousBut they have spurned thy care, and

ness!" shed

And He shall aid thee in the strife, Reproach on thy time-honoured head; Opening thy way through death to And left the mother of their youth, And her meek path of simple truth, And aid thee, too, in that dim hour For their own ways of wandering, When vain is every human power ; And heresy, and that dark sin,

His rod and staff shall comfort thee Into the Assyrian's hand that sold In the dark vale of victory; Samaria's church and realm of old. And, when thy pilgrimage is done, Oh! when their course of life is run, The Judge, the ever-living Son, And darkness clouds their setting With all His angels in the sky, sun ;

Shall stand, to welcome thee on high When loweringly o'er bygone years, To that faith-seen, triumphant shore, Gathering their weight of guilt ap- Where sin and sorrow harm no more. pears ;

Eccles. Balliol.

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HISTORICAL PAINTING,

In our last paper on this subject we considerable space allotted to engrayshowed, from the evidence given be- ings, which perhaps tend more directfore the select Committee of the House ly than even paintings to the improveof Commons, how utterly inadequatement of public taste. It is confessed, to the purposes of a National Gallery, that in the present building there is no that should be worthy this great coun- provision whatever for exhibition of try, is the present building; and how sculpture. For this, therefore, an addisgraceful is the inactivity, the almost dition will be required; and we see criminal indifference of the trustees by Mr Wilkins's plan that there is a appointed by the Treasury, both to the space that might be obtained. But trustees themselves, and to the Govern- here we would venture to make a few ment and nation that can endure their remarks upon the exhibition of works neglect.

of sculpture, which require arrangeWe showed, likewise, that every ments very different from those usually single day's dereliction of their duty is made for pictures. To make sculpture attended with irretrievable loss, inas- more available to artists in general, as much as other governments are eager- well as to display properly all its beauly seeking, and laying up, out of our ties, the light should be variable, to be reach for ever, inestimable treasures changed at pleasure, in almost every of art, that may still remain to be col- direction, that thus a power may be lected, whilst we are, as it were, per- obtained of producing an infinite vafectly asleep, as if so great a work riety of light, and shade, and effect. were of no immediate importance. We In the management of this there would cannot too earnestly call the attention be doubtless a difficulty, but no imof the public to these facts; for too possibility, and it would be illiberal and many are little aware of the trust foolish to suppose that the genius of placed in indolent or impotent hands; our architects would not be perfectly and we shall be surprised, if, upon a equal to the task. We confess we have full knowledge of the subject, there be never seen this attempted, and have not a general indignation at the trifling always thought that galleries of sculpand negligence in matters that deeply ture have been in this respect extremeconcern the intellectual improvement, ly deficient, for the most part throwand the permanent honour and glory ing but one light and one effect upon of the country. The trustees of the objects capable of being seen to the National Gallery deserve a public cen- best advantage, and with new characsure. And there should be an imme- ter, in many. Could such a plan be diate appointment of fit and proper accomplished, the student will instantpersons of knowledge and energy, ly feel the benefit of it, and the sculpwith an understanding that their en- tor work with a new enthusiasm creatdeavours will not be cramped by a ed by the knowledge that no part of niggardly spirit of misnamed and mis- his labour or his invention will be overchievous economy. We proposed like looked, and he will apply his broad wise that the whole of the present build- principles of light and shade, with nice ing should be given up to the modern distribution and discrimination over his artists. The Royal Academy having whole work. We wish not only to now one half, let the other be devoted walk round a figure, but to see an to free and open exhibitions for works illumination over the parts in shade, of the best character, to be managed and those many changes take place in by a committee of taste, who shall not effect which may correspond with the be professional artists. The expenses new forms presented by every change would be small, and might either be of position. defrayed from a small per centage on As a means of promoting more efworks sold, or, what would be more fectually the art of design, a very large becoming a generous people, by a vote room should be allotted (at least for a of Parliament. There should be a portion of the year, and the exhibition

Report from the Select Committee on Arts, and their connexion with Manufactures. rooms may be used for the purpose) that there is a great deal of cant going to the study of artists, where facilities on about “ Historical Painting," ill should be provided, which in their defined and ill understood. We see private dwellings they cannot obtain. bad pictures constantly exhibited, callThere should be a great number of ed « historical,” which private genlay figures, and perhaps of various di. tlemen of taste will not buy. The mensions, and draperies, so that the painter lifts up his hands and eyes in artist might build up his compositions astonishment at the ignorance of the upon a large scale. We observe in public, and calls upon Government for the “ evidence," in Mr Burnet's exa- encouragement that he may teach the mination, the following: That sensible people better. Mr Haydon, in the painter and engraver is fully aware evidence before the Committee, cerof the advantages offered to the stu- tainly stands convicted of this foolish dents at Munich.-" I saw," says he, presumption. It is not usual for per" at Munich a young man construct- sons to speak thus of their own works. ing a design in historical composition “ My first picture was painted in 1806, in the great room of the academy. and exhibited in 1807, and was well

There were, perhaps, seven or eight hung, and purchased by Thomas lay figures set up in groups, with dra. Hope. Then I began a much greater peries, and arranged in his own man- picture, • Dentatus,' well known in ner: now, there is no opportunity of the art and in Germany, and which doing that here ; consequently, it is was for Lord Mulgrave, my employcarrying the art of design much far- er. I then sent Dentatus' to the ther." Under the supposition that Royal Academy, and that picture conthis new building be entirely given up tained principles which I am now lecto modern artists, the best opportu. turing on at this period of my life, and nity is offered of carrying into effect which are received with the greatest the recommendation of the committee, enthusiasm by scientific audiences." who are of opinion “ that an occa. Again, to the question, “ You seem to sional outlay of public money on think a National Collection should be, British works of art of acknowledged as nearly as possible, for the eternal excellence, and in the highest style works of art, not for the ephemeral proand purest taste, would be a national ductions of the year?" “ Yes, a species advantage." It is true that a collec. of mausoleum for all that is great and tion of the English school should be grand in the nation. If we had a formed, and immediate room should thing of this sort, when the foreigners be set apart for the purpose. But if came, we should have something to it be meant by “ acknowledged excel show them. While some of the best lence," that we are to wait the test works of art are rotting for want of of time, and we think that is admitted space (my own Judgment of Soloin one of the questions in the evidence, mon' and · Lazarus') Von Raumer the chance is, that these works of would not speak of English art with “ acknowledged excellence" will have the compassionate forbearance he now found their way into private collec- thinks it deserved as to Historical tions, while some committee of taste, Painting.'". as inactive as the present trustees for It certainly does appear by all this the National Gallery, are thinking jargon about “all that is great and about collecting the general suffrages. grand," (and which we think a man Nor do we quite understand the should modestly avoid applying to his “ highest style and purest taste," un own works), there is an attempt to less they are words of mere compli- exclude, from public patronage, works ment to those aspirants after “high of great merit and genius. Under this art," who have been courted and pet- idea of encouraging the “great and ted in their evidence against the Aca. grand," it is to be feared, for we will demy. But if it is meant to give an · not invidiously name any modern art. encouragement, by an occasional na ists, that, should there be a resuscitational purchase, to a class of works tion of the genius of Rembrandt, which will meet with no purchasers Cuyp, Ruysdael, Hobbima, Vanderelsewhere, we really think the country veldt, their excellent and fascinating will be making very foolish purchases, works would not be considered “grand and artists tempted to their own ruin. and great" enough. Who, in his We have always thought and said senses, would depreciate “ High Art,"

or any department of art in which gard and consideration. It will, then, there is mind and imagination, pro- perhaps, be enquired, what are we to vided it be not vulgar? and we do for a National Gallery ? The redoubt if any thing good in art is to be ply is at hand: Build one that shall raised in the hotbed of forced and be worthy the nation, and set about, forcing patronage. It is when the without delay, procuring the best arts have become a part, an essential works that are to be had to put into it. part of general education, and when Set about the thing in earnest, and do the higher classes of society have been not entertain abortive views, nor build taught to see nature, in all her works, structures without considering the size moral, intellectual, and external, and of the works we already have to put shall become not only judges, but into them; and certainly do not limit patrons of high requirements; it is the possible number of pictures, as then there will be a demand for the seems to have been the scheme of Mr best art, and the lowest will sink ; but Wilkins, the architect, to about three until then, we very much doubt if hundred. In the mean while, we are painters themselves are even capable perfectly content that our poor one of introducing what, under other cir- hundred and twenty-six pictures should cumstances, may be within the scope remain where they are. The Corregof their powers. We see nothing gios, the Claudes, the Titian, and a “great or grand" in this petty dis- few more, are perfectly visible; and play of self-approved powers, and the it is no loss if, after them, the majority peevish impatience and jealousy of the are invisible, for there is great need honour and position of the Royal Aca- of weeding. According to the rate demy. We shall rejoice in the form- at which we have been proceeding ing a National Collection of the Eng- in making purchases, we can well wait lish school, to see excellence, even in a little for a national building; for it what may not be considered the high- is to be feared, since the political inest departments, honoured, and set fluenzas have seized the people, that apart as a distinction to the artists, and they are content to look on with inwith a view of enriching the nation; difference at the stagnation of every and it is to be very much desired, that scheme of national improvement, prothe present building, the National vided there be no hinderance to the Gallery, should be given up to that, as great political “movement." Still well as to other purposes tending to let those that are in earnest do their promote and honour British art.* The best, and there may be good-will and Committee seem infected by their own eloquence in Parliament that at a fawordifying and the wordifying of their vourable opportunity may make an pet complainers and reformers; and impression on the public mind of the there is throughout a vast deal too national importance of the Fine Arts. much of “ the great principles of art," It was stated in our last paper, that without once letting the public know throughout the report and evidence what they are, or what is meant by there is a manifest disposition to dethe adopted phraseology.

cry and disparage the Royal Academy. Why should not the artists who are it is observable, particularly in the not Royal Academicians petition that report, that the contradicted evidence the present National Gallery should of Mr Haydon is still made to bear be given up to them, and lay some against the Academy. The Commitwell-digested scheme for the govern- tee say, “ It is certainly to be lamented ment and arrangement of a new so that artists so distinguished as Mr ciety before Parliament, embodied in Martin and Mr Haydon should comtheir petition? Let them petition to plain of the treatment of their works become rivals on equal terms with the within the walls of the Academy, and Academicians; we cannot but think particularly that Mr Martin should their petition would meet with due re- declare that his paintings have found

* We cannot forbear, while we are on this subject, stating, that we know no modern picture more worthy a place in such a national collection as the Committee proposo, than Danby's “ Opening of the Sixth Seal.” This picture was exhibited some months ago. We know not in whose possession it is; but it is an awful picture, greatly impressive, and undoubtedly “great and grand."

that encouragement in the foreign ex- must necessarily submit;' if he had hibitions of France and Belgium which continued to exhibit, I am convinced they have been denied at home.” Mr Martin would long since have beNow this is founded on the evidence come a full member of the Royal of Mr Martin and Mr Haydon, which Academy." is most plainly contradicted by Sir M. 2013. “I merely ask you whether A. Shee, and with such manifest truth, he did not complain, as an artist sendthat we are surprised the Committee ing his pictures to the Royal Academy, should have ventured to lament, when as not having been done justice to on they ought to have reproved com. more than one occasion ? He did, as plaints so ill-founded. Mr Haydon's many others have done. I have here evidence is contradicted to the proof an account of the pictures that have of its fallacy and mistakes, in almost been excluded from the exhibition, every instance ; but we will now con- and received as doubtful, during the fine ourselves to the evidence against last exhibition, amounting to 590 ; and that of Mr Martin, as his case is made I will venture to say, that there is not by the Committee a particular griev- one artist engaged in the production ance. The examination is of Sir M. of those pictures, who, at the time he A. Shee. “Did not Mr Martin com was smarting under the disagreeable plain that his pictures were exhibited sensations occasioned by finding his in a bad situation ; that he could not works returned, would not have said have a fair exhibition ?- Mr Martin is that the Royal Academy was a most a gentleman for whom I have a very pernicious institution, and that he had high respect, and I confess he is one been very badly treated in having supof those artists whom I very seriously plied works to an Academy, the memregret to find involved in the testi- bers of which were dull enough not to mony which has been laid before you discover their merit. 2014. Are you Mr Martin, at the age, I think, of aware that Mr Martin exhibited his twenty-two, twenty-four years ago, pictures in foreign countries ? I unsent a picture to the Exhibition, of derstand he did. 2015. And are you which he very naturally had a high aware that he found, as he stated, that opinion, and which I have no doubt much greater fairness and equity was merited that opinion; and because exhibited to him there than in the this picture was not placed precisely Royal Academy in this country? I am in the position he thought it deserved, aware of it from the evidence, but I do he considered himself injured; he con not see what bearing that has on the sidered his interests materially affect conduct of the Academy. 2016. Can ed; and, in fact, I believe he either you disprove that Mr Martin's picture, then or shortly afterwards withdrew which he names, was ill-placed, and from the Exhibitions of the Academy. that the other picture was injured ? I am unwilling to say any thing which The first statement is mere matter of may appear like passing judgment on opinion. I have no hesitation to assert, the claims of my brother artists, and I that it was not ill-placed. I assert should be sorry to be understood as im- that it was placed in a good situation peaching the talent of any man, in or where it could be seen ;* it was not out of the Academy; but with reference placed in one of the best situations. to Mr Martin, I have no hesitation in Mr Martin also states, that an acadesaying, that I have a high respect for mician spilt varnish on his picture_I his talents, and that I believe his talents know nothing of this circumstance ; are respected by the members of the and if any injury occurred to his picRoyal Academy. If he had gone on ture, it must have been accidental.” as a young man of talent might reason. We ask after this, is the lamentation ably be expected to do, and instead of of the Committee fair and commendtaking offence, had said to himself able? It must lead to a belief of a • I am young in the profession, and bias against the Royal Academy premust undergo those trials and difficul- viously existing in the breasts of the ties which all others have encountered, Committee. And is it to be wondered and to which the juniors in all pursuits at, if Mr Martin receives honours from

* We perfectly assent to Sir M. A. Shee's account; we well recollect the picture, and its position; it was well-placed.

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