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of its literature ---its voice would About the middle of the last century, umphsu. ival,-its opinion was the when the French Savans began their suffer no i. 'ne, and the Englishnotable conspiracy against the Chris- oracle of Euro, mtuous of national tian religion, one of their favourite man, always conten, "left the truth contrivances was, to praise the virtues vanity, told his tale, anu nod time. of Paganism. Examples of excellence to make its way in its own g,
'ways were quoted in every corner of the Time has done its work, as it an. globe but Christendom. The Chinese, does, and the native Hindoo character the Laplanders, the Sandwich Island has at length blackened the cover of ers, the Tartars, all were pronounced to romance that wrapped it in imaginaexhibit virtues unknown to nations de- ry virtue. Treachery, craft, cruelty, graded by Christianity. But it was selfishness instinctive, and sensuality on India that the eyes of the perfec. unbounded, were acknowledged to be tionists were turned with the most as- the national character. And though sured triumph. The gentle manners, exceptions may occur, the utter infe. and gentle countenances of the Hin- riority of the Indian Pagan to the Eudoos were assumed as spontaneous ropean Christian has long been an evidences of moral superiority. Their established conviction. diet chiefly on herbs, their dwelling But a remarkable reinforcement to chiefly among forests ; their pastoral, this conviction has just been given. simple, and obscure habits, marked It has been ascertained that Hindosthem, in the estimate of Paris, less as tan has contained for ages, and conthe best of Pagans, than the moral tains at this hour, a vast multitude masters of mankind. Raynal's huge whose profession is murder, whose romance, Savary's Egypt, The Stories livelihood is the plunder obtained by of Paraguay, The Narratives of the this murder, and whose religion conAmerican Wilderness, all teeming with sists in offering up human lives, from the charms, passions, valour and ge- one to a hundred at a time, in comnius of uncultivated man, displayed pendious bloodshed, to their demon before the dazzled eyes of Europe a goddess, Kalee! perpetual panorama. Still the Hin
The enquiries made during the late doos were the chief figures of the illu- government of Lord William Bentinck sion; and the crimes of Christianity have proved that this Satanic brotherwere gloomily contrasted with the hood consists of many thousands; that innocence of a vast people, reposing it has existed through many ages, and under their banyan trees, bathing their all the revolutions of Indian power in graceful forms in vast marble foun- those ages; that it it has spread over tains by moonlight, offering up their the whole immense surface of the coun. primitive worship to Nature and Mind, try, from the sea to the mountains ; in temples of porphyry; and, when that it has held on its hideous course life was about to decay, calmly sitting alike under the successive Hindoo, by the brink of some of their mighty Mahometan, and British lords of the streams, and surrendering their feeble golden peninsula ; and most singular forms to the sacred embrace of the In- of all, that it has almost wholly evaded dus or the Ganges.
research during this long period, and The growing intercourse of the Eng. that, fully known to exist, it has always lish with India from the period of escaped the direct grasp of justice, the famous battle of Plassey in 1746, thus adding to the remorseless cruelty partially resisted this declamation of a fiend scarcely less than the impalThey rapidly discovered the qualities pability and invisibility of a spirit of of the Hindoo, and the Englishman's darkness. This abhorred league, or rough sincerity, at all times the anti- worship, is called Thuggee, and the podes of the Frenchman's willing de- assassins are called Thugs. The hislusion, alternately argued against, tory of their goddess is as follows: laughed at, and disdained the romances. Rakut Beej Dana, a demon in the But all France resounded with the tri- early ages of the world, devoured the
human race as fast as they were born. worshippers of this incarnate devil, To enable the world to be peopled, whose chosen name is Kimkalee (the Kalee Davey resolved to destroy this cater of man). universal devourer. But the demon But such is the state of the national was a giant, of so vast a stature, that belief. The Thugs hold, that Kalee the deepest waters of the ocean could first appeared on earth in Calcutta ; not reach above his waist, and he strode that, after she had destroyed the demon over the earth with inconceivable force chieftain, Rakut, at the eastern exand swiftness. Still Kalca Davey as- tremity of the Vindeya range, she bore sailed him, and in the fight clove him the corpse to Calcutta, and that she budown. But the fight was not finished ried it on the spot where her temple is by his fall. From every drop of his now reared. From the strangely inconblood another demon sprang, who des- siderate mannerin which the Europeans perately renewed the battle. Succes- go to the idolatrous feasts of the nasive deaths only produced a still more tives, and, among the rest, from their countless crowd of new-born demons; attendance on the Nautches and festiand Kalee, already exhausted, saw vals of the great days of Kalee, they that she was surrounded by a new host imagine them, and with some show of of terrors, and that the victory was reason, her votaries. The East India about to be lost. The flow of blood Company, too, is charged with the idle was obviously the cause. In this cri- and culpable subserviency of assigning sis, she brushed the moisture from one to this horrible superstition lands for of her arms-of it formed two men- the endowment of its temple! And and, that no drop of blood more might the priests often publicly make offerings be shed, equipped them with two hand- to the idol in the name of the Company. kerchiefs, to strangle the demon army. Should such things be? Or, if they
The work was done. The demons exist, could we be surprised at any dewere extinguished, and the two cham- gree of scorn that might be felt for pions returned to the goddess to re- our timidity, our policy, or our relistore their handkerchiefs. But she gion? The Hindoos worship her with desired that they should preserve them, great veneration. They often repeat as the means of a profession by which in their prayers, “ Oh, Kalee! great their descendants were to live. En- goddess of Calcutta, may thy promise joining them to strangle men with never be made in vain.'
Her delight the handkerchief, as they had strangled is said to be in massacre ; her drink the demons, and giving them their is perpetual gore. She is believed to plunder, she added, perhaps for the be of the intensest black, and to be so hiease of their consciences, they might deous, that no mortal eye could endure claim this as a matter of right; for, hav- the sight of her appalling deformity. ing been the means of securing the This we conceive to be a final an. peopling of the earth, they were en- swer to all the dreams of human pertitled to take some lives at their plea- fectibility. A league in which mu
Kalee next told them, that they tual crime is the single bond; a worneed not trouble themselves about bu- ship in which murder is the religion ; rying their victims, as she would pro- a morality in which the commission vide for that case, on the condition, of the most revolting of all human however, that they never looked back crimes is held not merely innocent, to see what she did with them.
At but a duty. What is this, but Satan length, a slave had the daring curios visible in man? sity to look.
He saw Kalee, utterly naked, devouring the bodies, and toss. Of all the poets whom we have lateing them into the air. The modesty ly lost, Crabbe is the most natural. of the goddess was offended, and she He has his extravagances, too, and his pronounced that thenceforth they must poetry is disfigured by them. Quaintmanage the matter for themselves.
ness of language, and eccentricity of It must have startled our showy re- thought, are but feeble contrivances for sidents, and glittering dames at the fame. They swindle public attention Bengal Presidency, to know, that in for the moment, to be detected, like Calcutta they were in the favourite all swindling, the moment after. His region of Kalee ; that they had assisted low education, early difficulties, and at the orgies of Kalee ; and that the long solitude, account for some of those Hindoos regarded theni as frequently failures of taste. But he has a re
markable faculty of combining tender- “ A wealthy grazier passed.
• Attend,' ness with power.
His nature was The sufferer cried ; some aid allow.' strongly disposed to look upon the • Thou art not of our parish, friend, seamy side of things.". But his pro- Nor am I in my office now.' fession softened his spirit, and where he would have once been sullen, he
“ Another came. The poor man prayed.
A smooth-tongued teacher heard the was only sad. Other poets have been
word. more ostentatious of their religion. In Crabbe it is a hidden spring which
. Be patient, friend,' he softly said ;
Another will the help afford.' gives a perpetual verdure to his poetry. His views of life are melancholy,
“ Another came.“ Turn, stranger, turn.' not malignant. He groans, “ but
The stranger stopped with furious mien. curses not.” He has no love for hor
What, stop me ? when I haste to burn rors; and sees beauty in despair. He
The Gospel light on Saveall Green!'. follows the felon to the foot of the scaf. fold, but spares us the appalling pro- " Another came. * In thee I trust.'cess of the dissecting-room.
• What, pauper, stop the public way? We know not whether the two lit. Lie in the dust ; we all are dust. tle poems, which we give here, have My people wait; I can't delay.' been published ; but they deserve to be remembered—the one as a striking “ Hard Levite ! Bitter priest, begone. specimen of native tenderness, the Swell knaves with fools your nasal strain; other of easy sarcasm. (If his, of The Gospel knows no heart of stone, which we are not perfectly sure.)
The Gospel scorns no cry of pain.
“ Go, bigots, leave no stone unturn'd, On seeing a light in the window of the
New fools, new proselytes to find. chamber where his wife died. Oh CHARITY! how art thou spurn'd,
When thus the blind can lead the blind." “ Yes; I behold again the place,
The seat of joy, the source of pain, It brings to view the form, the face,
It is notorious that, among the imThat I must never see again.
provements of the age, is a contempt
for the Universities of Oxford and “ The night-bird's song, that sweetly floats Cambridge. There religion and learn
On this soft gloom, this balmy air, ing are taught, and men of known abiBrings to my mind her sweeter notes, lity, honest principles, and avowed That I again must never hear.
Christianity are there to carry on
the duties of those great places of “ Lo, yonder shines that window's light,
piety and education. But to both My guide, my token, heretofore ; Universities there are certain objecAnd now again it shines as bright,
tions which must be fatal in our enWhen those dear eyes can shine no
lightened age. There is probably not a decided Atheist among all their Pro
fessors. With a few exceptions, and “ Then hurry from this place away!
those have been promptly and handIt gives not now the bliss it gave ; For death has made its charm its prey,
somely rewarded, Socinianism, the deAnd joy is buried in her grave.'
nial of the primary doctrine of Chris
tianity, and on which all the others deCrabbe's residence at his first living pend, has not been popularly professhad been greatly molested by some
ed. The Colleges generally regard vulgar fellows, who, on the credit of it a duty to adhere to the Protestant their half-crown license, set up for Church. And their laws, framed by preachers, and talked the populace those weak and ignorant persons who into all kinds of absurdity.
established the Reformation among us,
and followed it up by establishing liA new version of the Parable.
berty, are hostile to the intrusion of
schism, even from such respectable " A weary traveller walked his way,
authorities as cobblers elected to conWith grief, and want, and pain opprest; venticles, mountebanks alternately His looks were sad, his locks were grey, juggling in the booth and in the pul
He sought for food, he sigh'd for rest. pit, strolling actors struck with saint
ship, and the whole race of those self- more extended, scale. In short, it taught sages, who, under the name of saved trouble. “ Independents," implying a happy If to all this it was objected, that, if independence of all human attain- Christianity were true, it ought to be ments, occupy themselves in making a taught, the answer was ready- That livelihood by expounding, preaching, the varions vects held that his own and railing against the Church-au form was the right one ; that thereoperation, it must be allowed, much föré none could be right; or, at all more comfortable, and profitable too, events, it would be troublesome to than shoemaking;
make any enquiry on the subject, and But to meet the wants of the age that it was a much easier thing to is confessedly among the duties of escape the difficulty by voting the public men ; and therefore its want whole a bore. in this essential particular has been Yet even this was not quite origiamong their first considerations. As nal. It is told, that, in the riots of the opinion of the utter futility of all 1780, when Lord George Gordon's religion, in either public or private banditti plundered the houses of Ro.. life, was becoming fixed among all the man Catholics, and seemed likely master-spirits of the age, including enough to finish by plundering those the surgeons' apprentices, attorneys' of Protestants, Grimaldi, the father of clerks, apothecary boys, geologists, the late clown, cunningly chalked on chemists, political economists, and his door, as an escape from both fates., similar eminent cultivators of science “ No Religion.” and polity, it was decided to esta- It has since pleased authority to blish an University in London, on the sanction this saving principle, by gi. principle of suffering no religion to be ving a Royal Charter to the London taught in it whatever, Some ground- University. At the head of which is ed this enlightened decision on finance, placed Bishop Maltby, a prelate per. as it was conceived that if any religion fectly fitted for the appointment, as were taught, it might offend some who his few sermons well show, and in the approved of a different religion, or component parts and tail thereof are who thought that all religion was a many “ trusty and well-beloved counburden on the liberty of the human cillors," of whose names the world mind. Christianity was to be exclu- has probably heard of for the first ded, because it might displease a Ma- time, and of whose qualifications it hometan pupil to be told that lectures will probably never hear more. It on Christianity were going on in some has certainly on its list some men of other part of the building, while he known science and literature ; but was attending lectures on chemistry, those chiefly living at a distance from geology, or button-making.
London; some even in Ireland ; some worshipper of Vishnu might be dis- necessarily so much occupied by their turbed in his studies by seeing Pro- pursuits, that they can never give up testant pupils going to church. Or a their time to examining raw candi.. woolly-headed devil-worshipper from dates for degrees ; and some merely. Africa might feel it a personal affront official. Yet any six of the whole, that, while he fell on his nose to Sa- good or bad, may confer a degree!. tan, or manufactured a fetish of blood Which degree, we presume, will have and feathers, there were those in the much value, beside those of the first college who read Bibles. Thus three class men and wranglers of Oxford pupils might be irrecoverably lost; and Cambridge! and therefore the folly of introducing However, as not a few of those exChristianity at such hazard must be aminers will probably want a little obvious to every one.
assistance in the beginning of their Others gave the additional reasons, new occupation, a specimen of a that by avoiding religion they avoided set of examination papers, which has disputes ; had more time to give to been presented by a distinguished arithmetic and the globes ; and, on hand, will
, we hope, be gratefully, acthe whole, having contrived to manage cepted. perfectly well without it in their own
Paper. persons, thought that they might co
con- 1. Give some account of the schoolveniently make the experiment on a masters of antiquity, particularly of
one who once held a high situation at masters, voted that they should conSyracuse. Was his place held by tinue in slavery. Reconcile those two commission after his dismissal ? And accounts; and give the relative signi. were his literary productions of equal fications of the “ Dona" which Cleon rank with those of the Penny Maga- was in the habit of receiving, and our zine ? State also, whether the phrase, English word “ Rent.” « The Schoolmaster is abroad,” was 5. Cupid is described as “ Dominacurrent in his day, and alluded to his tor Orbis," or ruler of the globe, by situation at Corinth
several poets. Show that the phrase 2. Ovid, Met. lib. i. 471, speaks of can be translated, “ Editor of the Cupid as possessing a weapon, Globe !” and give a modern fact in -" obtusum est, et habet sub arundine
6. Compare the “ Retreat of the
Ten Thousand" with Evans's expeDescribe Cupid, and compare him dition into Spain. And draw paral. with some great modern character. lels, after the manner of Tacitus, be. Hesiod states (Theas. 121), that he tween the following events :-Xenowas one of the eldest born of the Gods. phon thrashed his enemies—Evans Prove from this that he must have flogged his own men. Xenophon's had an elderly appearance, and that men came chiefly from Attica the rosy colour on his cheeks was the Evans's from the attics of St Giles's. effect of rouge. He was blind, and Xenophon’s men were nearly poison. yet took the direction of many affairs. ed by wild honey (Anabasis, 1. 4. c. 8. In what way does the parallel between 26)–Evans's were nearly starved by the modern and the ancient hold good ? their own allies. Xenophon returned, In the modern, to what faculty would and was made a general under Agesiyou apply the obtuseness, and where laus-Evans is about to return, and do you suppose the lead may be will lose his seat. Did Xenophon found?
fight for Cyrus on the principle of 3. Give an account of the tyrants non-intervention ? of antiquity, and the tortures employ- 7. Enumerate the forms into which ed by them. Show how much more Jupiter changed himself for love. Did severe is mental torture than bodily; he ever assume that of a Lamb ? and compare the treadmill and the When he and the other gods sat in silent system, the starvation and bas- council, did the Hall of Olympus åt tiles of the poor laws, with the bed of all resemble our Court of Common Procrustes and the bull of Phalaris. Pleas? May it not be fairly inferred from 8. Give an aceount of the preservatheir being literary characters, very tion of the Capitol by the cackling of greedy of money, and extremely re- the geese. Livy declares, that they fined in cruelty, that Dionysius and made a noise because they were * in Phalaris were liberal Whigs? State summa inopia cibi,” in very great how long their cruelties were borne want of food, (Dec. 1 1. 5). Despatiently ; and thence, by a finite se- cribe some modern geese, and state ries, show the probabilities of the whether you think a great want of the length of endurance in these times. loaves and fishes would not cause a
4. Who was Cleon ? State, from similar cackling? Thucydides, how he bullied and drove 9. Translate the following lines into the Ministry at Athens. Why was Greek, lambic, Dimeter Acatalectic he a tanner, and not a brewer or a metre: banker? Aristophanes (Equites, 933) “ Wheel about, turn about, do just so, alludes to his receiving a talent of gold Every time I turn about, I jump, Jim Crow.” from Miletus. Professor Raphael supposes Miletus to have been a knight, Show that Jim Crow must be a great who wished to have a seat in the Attic political character, from his readiness Parliament, and who having paid the in changing sides. Compare him with talent (about, he thinks, L.2000), was
a celebrated personage of antiquity, of choused out of it by Cleon. Dr Old- whom it was said ham imagines the Milesians to have « Omnia transformat sese in miracula been the young slaves whose cause rerum." Cleon first advocated; but, on the Do you imagine this facility to consist receipt of about L.1200 from their in financial or other political matters?