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ordinate officers of every class. Under Hill, and the Honourable Charles his command no man could hope that Stuart (now Lord Londonderry), will ignorance or negligence would pass afford some illustration of the knowunobserved, and all felt sure that zeal ledge and activity of which we speak, and talent would meet with due appre- and will, on other accounts, be found ciation and reward. The following interesting. letters to Major-General (now Lord)
Lieutenant-General the Hon. Sir A. Wellesley, K. B. to Major-General Hill.
“ My Dear HILL,
Dublin Castle, 230 June, 1808. “ I rejoice extremely at the prospect I have before me of serving again with you, and I hope that we shall have more to do than we had on the last occasion on which we were together.
“ I propose to leave town for Cork as soon as I shall receive my instructions from London. I understand that every thing has sailed from England which is to go with us; and the horses belonging to the Irish commissariat will be at Cork, I hope, before the transports shall have arrived, in which they are to be embarked. Let me hear from you if you learn any thing respecting them. The dragoons are to come direct from England to the rendezvous, and will not detain us at Cork.
“ I enclose a list of the names of the officers appointed to be Deputy-Assistant Adjutants, and Quartermasters-General. Major Arbuthnot will probably be in Dublin this day; and I shall send him to Cork immediately, and you will put him in charge of the Adjutant-General's department. You will put the senior of the list of Assistant Deputy Quartermasters-General in charge of that department, and give him the enclosed return of camp equipage and stores embarked in the Grinfield transport. I had understood that I was to have had stores of this description for 8000 men ; and I shall be obliged to you, if you will desire the head of the Quartermaster-General's department to enquire whether there are in the transport any more camp equipage stores besides these contained in the enclosed return.
“I beg you to arrange for the embarkation of the Deputy-Assistant AdjutantsGeneral, and the Deputy-Assistant Quartermasters-General ; probably they and the Commissaries had best go in the horse ships.
" I understand there is a vessel at Cork to carry thirty-six horses for the Officers, besides those intended for the Commissariat horses; and I shall be obliged to you if you will desire that spare room may be kept for my horses, and those of my Aides-de-Camp, which will arrive at Cork in a day or two.
“ There remains nothing now but to brigade the troops, which may be a convenience for the present, and give us the assistance of the General Officers in the different arrangements which may be necessary on board the transports. But what we shall do now can only be temporary, as the whole corps must necessarily be new-modelled when we join General Spencer. The veteran battalion must be put out of the question, as that corps must go into the garrison of Gibraltar.
« The corps might be brigaded as follows:- The 95th, and the 5th battalion of the 60th ; the 5th, 9th, and 38th ; the 40th, 71st, and 91st. You will alter this arrangement if the corps belonging to your brigade are not put together, and you will put such (if all the corps of your brigade are not embarked for this service) corps as you please with the 9th. Let General Fane then command the Light Brigade, General Crawfurd the Highlanders, and General Ferguson, who belongs to Spencer's corps, that brigade which has been and will hereafter be yours. The Veteran battalion to report to General Fane, until it shall be otherwise disposed of.
“ Pray, let me hear from you, and acquaint me with all your wants, and whether I can do any thing for you here. You will readily believe that I have plenty to do in closing a government in such a manner as that I may give it up, and taking the command of a corps for service; but I shall not fail to attend to whatever you may write to me.
“ Believe me, my dear Hill, &c.
Lieutenant-General the Hon. Sir A. Wellesley, K.B. to Major.
" My Dear Hill,
Dublin Castle, 25th June, 1808. “ I desired Torrens to write to you yesterday, to tell you it was probable that we should be detained till the cavalry should come round from Portsmouth; and I have now to request that you will make arrangements with the agent of transports that the soldiers embarked may have fresh provisions and vegetables every day, and that the stock of provisions in the transports may be kept up to the original quantity which each is capable of containing.
“ I also think it very desirable that the soldiers should have permission to go ashore as they may wish, under such regulations as you may think proper, and that the regiments should be sent ashore and exercised in their turns.
“ I request you to arrange those matters with the agents of the transports, which can easily be done by a good management of the ships' boats. " I shall let you know as soon as there is any thing certain of the cavalry.
“ Believe me, &c.
Lieutenant- General the Hon. Sir A. Wellesley, K.B. to Brigadier-General
the Hon. C. Stuart.
“ MY DEAR CHARLES,
Dublin Castle, 25th June, 1808. “ I enclose some papers which I have received respecting the state of the transports at Cork. The troops are certainly too much crowded, and I recommend those which can be quartered within one day's march of Cork may be landed, unless it be certain that we shall go immediately. The troops would be on board before I should get to Cork, if they should be landed, and marched only one day's march into the country ; and they would certainly benefit by this arrangement.
« Believe me, &c.
Lieut.- General the Hon. Sir A. Wellesley, K.B., to Major-General Hill. “ My Dear Hill,
Dublin Castle, 29th June, 1808. “I received your letter of the 27th this morning, and I am glad to find that you make arrangements for landing the corps so frequently. It will tend much to the health of the men, and will make them feel less unpleasantly the heat and confinement of the transports.
“ There is camp equipage complete, including haversack and canteens, for 4000 men on board the Grinfield, which sailed from Portsmouth on the 21st of June; and for the same number on board the Tuscan, which sailed from Portsmouth on the 23d.
« As soon as these vessels shall arrive, you will direct the regiments to make returns for the number of canteens and haversacks that they may require, which are to be issued upon these returns, from the Quartermaster-General's stores. But they are to be kept in their packages in the regimental store of each regi. ment, and are not to be issued to the soldiers until further orders shall be given.
“ Believe me," &c.
By the instructions of Lord Castle. tion, he was then-in case he judged the reagh, dated 30th of June, Sir Arthur enterprise could be undertaken with a Wellesley was directed to sail in the fair prospect of success—to proceed first instance with the armament, but to Portugal, and land the force under on arriving off Cape Finisterre he was his command at some favourable point to proceed in a fast-sailing frigate to to the North of Lisbon, with the view Corunna, in order to confer with the of expelling the enemy from that caauthorities in Gallicia, and acquire pital. He was also empowered to authentic intelligence of the state of send orders to General Spencer to affairs in the Northern provinces of join him as soon as possible with the Spain. Having gained this informa force under his command.
Lieut.-General the Hon. Sir A. Wellesley, K.B., to Viscount Castlereagh,
Secretary of State. “ My Dear LORD,
Cork, 7th July, 1808. " I arrived here last night, and I find that the 20th light dragoons and the 3600 tons of shipping for the infantry are not arrived. The Irish commissariat horses, for the draught of the artillery, are not yet all arrived, and will not be on board until Saturday. I propose to wait till that day for the dragoons and the additional tonnage, and if they should not have arrived, I shall sail with what is ready, and let the rest follow.
" By some accident which, from not having seen the agent of transports, I cannot yet account for, we have four transports, as stated underneath, which have not been returned to me in any statement from the Transport Board or from your brother. These vessels have enabled General Floyd to embark the 95th, and to make some provision for the embarkation of the 36th. But it appears to me, that the whole are too much crowded, and if the additional tonnage does not arrive to-morrow, I shall settle to leave behind the veteran battalion or the 36th, to follow with the additional tonnage and the 20th dragoons, to give more space to all the troops in the transports. If the additional tonnage should arrive, and I should find that I do not want these four ships, I shall leave them behind.
“ Upon a review of your instructions, and a consideration of the state of affairs in Spain, according to the best accounts, I rather think that, as soon as I have got every thing away from Cork, I shall best serve the cause, by going myself to Corunna and joining the fleet off Cape Finisterre or the Tagus. I propose accordingly to go on board one of the craft, and I expect to be at the rendezvous before the troops. Believe me," &c.
On the 10th of July all was ready for sailing. The enthusiasm of the people in the cause of Spanish liberty had led to censures on the apparently unnecessary delay which occurred in
the departure of the expedition. The following letter is the last addressed to Lord Castlereagh before quitting Ireland:
Lieutenant-General the Hon. Sir A. Wellesley, K.B., to Viscount
Castlereagh, Secretary of State. “ My dear Lord,
Cove, 10th July, 1808. • The wind is still contrary, but we hope it will change so as to sail this evening. We are unmoored, and shall not wait one moment after the wind may be fair.
" I see that people in England complain of the delay which has taken place in the sailing of the expedition ; but, in fact, none has taken place; and even if all had been on board, we could not have sailed before this day. With all the expedition which we could use, we could not get the horses of the artillery to Cork till yesterday, and they were immediately embarked ; and it was only yesterday that the 20th dragoons arrived, and the ships to contain the 36th regiment, and a detachment of the 45th, which arrived yesterday evening, and embarked.
Your instructions to me left London on the Friday evening, and I was at Cork on the following Wednesday, which is as much expedition as if the instructions had come by the post.
" I leave here at the disposal of Government 1668 tons of shipping. The resident agent will report the names of the ships to the Transport Board.
“ Believe me," &c.
. On the 12th of July the expedition den under Sir John Moore. The comsailed, and scarcely had it done so ere mand of the army, thus powerfully the Ministry determined to supersede augmented, was assigned to Sir Hew Sir Arthur Wellesley in the command. Dalrymple, then Governor of GibralIt was also decided that the army tar. The mortifying intelligence of should be joined by a force under Bri. his being thus summarily superseded gadier-General Acland, amounting to was transmitted to Sir Arthur in the 5000 men, and by that acting in Swe- following laconic despatch :
Viscount Castlereagh, Secretary of State, to Lieutenant-General the
Hon. Sir A. Wellesley, K.B. « Sir,
Downing Street, 15th July, 1808. “ I am to acquaint you that his Majesty has been pleased to intrust the command of his troops serving in the coasts of Spain and Portugal to Lieutena ant-General Sir Hew Dalrymple, with Lieutenant-General Sir Harry Burrard, second in command.
“ The Lieutenant-General has been furnished with copies of your instructions up to the present date exclusive. These instructions you will be pleased to carry into execution with every expedition that circumstances will permit, without awaiting the arrival of the Lieutenant-General, reporting to him your proceedings. And should you be previously joined by a senior officer, you will in that case communicate to him your orders, and afford him every assistance in carrying them into execution.
“ I have the honour to be," &c.
Sir Arthur Wellesley received the enemy. A more painful situation to intimation that his appointment had an officer of high spirit can scarcely. been rescinded while on board H.M.S. be imagined. Donegal, off the coast of Portugal. How then does he act under such That it must have been the occasion trying circumstances ? Does he transof deep mortification cannot be doubt. mit angry remonstrances, or decline ed. He must have felt that he had acting in the inferior situation assignbeen hardly, if not unjustly, treated. ed him by his sovereign ? The anHis sphere of command had been sud- swer to these questions will be found denly and unexpectedly diminished in the following extract from a letter from an army to a brigade, while in to Lord Castlereagh:the very act of preparing to meet the
“ Pole and Burghersh have apprized me of the arrangements for the future command of this army; and the former has informed me of your kindness towards me, of which I have received so many instances that I can never doubt it in any case. All that I can say on the subject is, that whether I am to command the army or not, or am to quit it, I shall do my best to ensure its success ; and you may depend on it, that I shall not hurry the operations, or commence them one moment sooner than they ought to be commenced, in order that I may acquire the credit of the success.
“ The Government will determine for me in what way they will employ me hereafter, either here or elsewhere," &c.
The preceding passage affords a it to be my duty to serve with zeal and fine illustration of the high principles promptitude, when or wherever the which influence the true soldier ; and King or his Government may think we find in Colonel Gurwood's work proper to employ me." an anecdote, which displays no less It must be attended with great adprominently the same qualities. Sir vantage to find Wellington thus enArthur Wellesley, when employed in forcing a great military principle, not the Sussex district after his return only by precept, but example. Un. from India, was asked by a familiar fortunately it is one by no means so friend, how he who had commanded ar- generally recognised as it ought to be. mies of forty thousand men ; who had Many instances might be adduced of received the thanks of Parliament for officers declining to serve their counhis victories, and been elected Knight try in a capacity which they were of the Bath, could submit to be re- pleased to consider inferior to their duced to the command of a brigade of merits. But Wellington acted differ. infantry ? “ For this reason," was the ently, and we regard it as most importreply. “I am nimukwallah, as we ant that this should be known. "The say in the East; I have ate of the precedent will not be without influence King's salt, and therefore I consider either now or in succeeding times,
Printed by Ballantyne and Company, Paul's Work, Edinburgh,
Amidst the deluge of new and many authors whose names are as cphemeral publications under which household sounds, whose works for the press both in France and England that very reason are as a strange and is groaning, and the woful depravity unknown tongue. Everyone has of public taste, in all branches of li. heard of Racine and Molière, of Bosterature, which in the former country suet and Fénélon, of Voltaire and has followed the Revolution of the Rousseau, of Chateaubriand and Ma
Three Glorious Days, it is not the dame de Staël, of Pascal and Rabelais. least important part of the duty of all We would beg to ask even our best those who have any share, however informed and most learned readers, inconsiderable, in the direction of the with how many of their works they objects to which public thought is to are really familiar; how many of their be applied, to recur from time to time felicitous expressions have sunk into to the great and standard works of a their recollections ; how many of their former age ; and from amidst the ideas are engraven on their memory? dazzling light of passing meteors in Others may possess more retentive the lower regions of the atmosphere, memories, or more extensive reading to endeavour to direct the public gaze than we do ; but we confess, when we to those fixed luminaries whose radiance apply such a question, even to the in the higher heavens shines, and ever constant study of thirty years, we feel will shine, in imperishable lustre. *not a little mortified at the time which From our sense of the importance and has been misapplied, and the brilliant utility of this attempt, we are not to ideas once obtained from others which be deterred by the common remark, have now faded from the recollection, that these authors are in every body's and should rejoice much to obtain from hands; that their works are read at others that retrospect of past greatness school, and their names become as which we propose ourselves to lay behousehold sounds. We know that fore our readers. many things are read at school which Every one now is so constantly in are forgotten at college ; and many the habit of reading the new publicathings learned at college which are tions, of devouring the fresh producunhappily and permanently discarded tions of the press, as we would fresh in later years; and that there are eggs or rolls to breakfast, that we forVOL. XLI. 30. CCLX.