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PRINCIPAL FARM CROPS OF THE UNITED STATES BY YEARS.

[From tables prepared by the department of agriculture.)

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PRINCIPAL FARM CROPS OF THE UNITED STATES. CONTINUED.

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WEATHER FORECASTS AND SIGNALS.

The weather bureau of the United States de part- i tion by means of telephones and railroads from ment of agriculture publishes daily more than established centers, so that there are compara100,000 weather bulletins, not counting the fore tively few accessible places which do not now recasts in the newspapers. Most of these bulletins ceive daily weather forecasts within a very short are in the form of postal cards printed by post time after the observers have completed their masters from telegraphic reports and sent by them work. The old system of conveying information to outlying towns for display at suitable points. | about the weather by means of flag displays is There is also an elaborate system of redistribu- I also in general use.

EXPLANATION OF WEATHER FLAGS.
No 1.
No.2.
No. 3.
No. 4.

No. 5.
White flag.

Blue flag.
White and blue

Black triangu White flag with black flag.

lar flag.

square in center.

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Clear or
Rain or snow.
Local rain or
Temperature.

Cold wave. fair weather.

snow. When No. 4 is placed above No. 1, 2 or 3 it | about stationary. During the late spring and early indicates warmer; when, below, colder; when not fall the cold-wave flag is used to indcate antici. displayed, the temperature is expected to remain | pated frosts.

EXPLANATION OF STORM-WARNING FLAGS.

Northwest winds. Southwest winds. Northeast winds. Southeast winds. "Hurricane” signal

A red flag with a black center indicates that all and a white light above a red light westerly winds. storm of marked violence is expected. The pen Two red flags, with black centers, displayed one nants displayed with the flags indicate the di above the other, indicate the expected approach rection of the wind: Red, easterly (from northeast of tropical hurricanes, and also of those extremeto south); white, westerly (from south west to ly severe and dangerous storms which occasionnorth). The pennant above the flag indicates that ally move across the lakes and northern Atlantic the wind is expected to blow from the northerly coast. Hurricane warnings are not displayed at quadrants; below, from southerly quadrants.

night. By night a red light indicates easterly winds

THERMOMETERS COMPARED. There are three kinds of thermometers, with Fahrenheit to Reaumur-Subtract 32, multiply by varying scales, in general use throughout the world four-ninths. -the Fahrenheit, Reaumur and centigrade. The Fahrenheit to Centigrade-Subtract 32, multiply freezing and boiling points on their scales com- | by five-ninths. pare 2.s follows:

Reaumur to Fahrenheit-Multiply by nine-fourths, Thermometer.

Freezing pt. Boiling pt. add 32. Fahrenheit ..... .......32 degrees 212 degrees Reaumur to Centigrade-Multiply by five-fourths. Reaumur ....... ........ zero

80 degrees Centigrade to Fahrenheit-Multiply by nine-fifths. Centigrade .... .........zero

100 degrees add 32. The degrees on one scale are reduced to their Centigrade to Reaumur-Multiply by four-fifths. equivalents on another by these formulas:

UNITED STATES LIFE-SAVING SERVICE.

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The life-saving establishment at the close of the

1906. 1871-1906. fiscal year ended June 30, 1906, comprised 378 sta Property involved

.$15,041, 140 $242,683,699 tions, of which 200 were on the Atlantic and gulf Property saved ...

.. $12,266,100 $192, 024.612 coasts, 61 on the coasts of the great lakes, 17 Property lost ......

$2,775,040 $50,659,087 on the Pacific coast and 1 on the Ohio river at Persons on board

5,320 116, 442 Louisville, Ky. The crews numbered in all about Persons lost ......

1,127 300 men. Statistics of the service for the year Persons succored ......

19,741 ended June 30, 1906, and from Nov. 1, 1371, when Days' succor given......

.1.727

47,555 the system was established, to June 30, 1906, fol The total number of disasters on the lake coasts low:

in the course of the year ended June 30, 1906,

1906. 1871-1906. was 351; value of property involved, $5,472,745; Disasters .........

848

16,479 property saved, $4,736,755; property lost, $735,970; Value vessels ...

....$10,482,365 $171,505.865 persons on board, 2,235; persons lost, 19; persons Value cargoes ..

...... $4,558, 775 $71, 177,834 I succored at stations, 123; days' succor afforded, 158.

AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS. WHEAT CROP OF COUNTRIES NAMED (1902-1906).

[graphic]

Belgium..
Bulgaria
Denmark
Finland...
France...
Germany
Greece......
Italy .......
Montenegro ...
Netherlands
Norway ...
Portugal.
Roumania...
Russia:

Russia proper,
Poland...
Northern Caucasia..

Total Russia (European).
Servia .....
Spain...
Sweden......
Switzerland...
Turkey (European)...
United kingdom: Great Britain-

England.......
Scotland..

Wales........
Ireland......

Total united kingdom ..

WHEAT CROP OF COUNTRIES NAMED (1902-1906).-CONTINUED.
COUNTRY

1902. I 1903. I 1904. I 1905. I

1906.

Bushels, Bushels. Bushels. Bushels. Bushels. Australia: Queensland...

1.766,000 6,000 2.514,000 2,217.000 1.173.000 New South Wales..

10,275,000 1,635,000 28.190,000 16,983,000 21,391,00) Victoria...........

1.,510.000 2.650.000 29.125,000 21,666,000 21,156,000 South Australia....

8,265,000 6,555,000

12.45 1,000 20,779,000 Western Australia.....

963.000 1,017.000 1,9.15.000 2,077.000 2,381,000 Tasmania.

931.000 905,000 792.000 818.000 801.000 Total commonwealth...

39,753,000 12.768.000 76,488,000 56,215.000 70.681.000 New Zealand.....

4,171,000 7.693,000 8,1 10,000 9 ,411.000 7.013.000 Total Australasia......

43,927,000 20,461,000 84,628,000 65,626,000 77,694,000 Grand total.......

13.090.116.000 3,186,883.000 3.147.627.000 3.316,125,000 3,423,701.000 INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN WHEAT (1906). INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN WHEAT FLOUR Country. Busheis. Country. Bushels.

(1905). ExportsImports

Country.

Barrels. Country. Barrels. Argentina ... 105,391,256 Belgium ..... 64,789,391 Exports

ImportsAustralia .... 24,648,182 Brazil ....... 7,873,514 Argentina .... 1,628,271

Belgium ......

41,516 Austria-Hun

Denmark .... 3,447,369 Australia ..... 1,573,663 Brazil ...... 1,579,944 gary ...... 49,321 Finland ..... 4,215 Austria-Hun

Denmark

552,978 Belgium ..... 14,639,453 France ... 6,713 312 gary ........

795,853
Finland,

794,748 British India 35,171,216 Germany. 84,054,403 Belgium ...... 857,017

France ..... 140,854 Bulgaria ..... 16,542,617

Greece .......
5,733,503 British India.. 512,329

Germany. 240,560 Canada ...... 40,399,402

Italy
38,687,589 Bulgaria

214,587
Greece ..

28,942 Chile ......... 294,201 Japan ....... 2,281,022

1,532,014 Canada .......

Italy .... 12,513 6,050,111 Germany ....

Chile ..........
Netherlands. 61,992,589

83.573
Japan .......

.. 1,242,880 Netherlands. 53,052,451 Portugal .... 4,672,573 Germany ..... 991, 701

Netherlands .. 1,863,924 Spain ........ 32,517,785 Netherlands.. Roumania ... 63,066,299

199,777

Spain ......... 663,283 Russia .......176, 789,611 Sweden ...... 7,255,222 Roumania ..... 484 511

Sweden ....... 57,829 Servia ....... Switzerland , 16,158,153

970 808 3,422,554

Russia ........

Switzerland .. 386,597 United king

Servia .. United States 34,973,291

21,798

Un, kingdom.. 6,779,846 Other c'ntr's 3,608,398

dom

United States.13,919,048 ........181,579,837

Other countr's 3,750,661
Other c'ntr's. 9,409,308 Other c'ntries. 5,169,334
Total ......578,098,363 Total ......527,170,814 Total .......28,984,351 Total .......18, 137,085

CORN CROP OF COUNTRIES NAMED (1901-1905).
COUNTRY.

1901.
1902.

1903. I 1904. I 1905.

United States...
Canada (Ontario)......
Mexico..................

Total North America...

Argentina........
Chile......
Uruguay................

Total South America
Austria-Hungary:

Austria...............
Hungary proper.....
Croatia-Slavonia......
Bosnia-Herzegovina.....

Total Austria-Hungary.....

Bulgaria.....
France......
Italy.......
Portugal....
Roumania.........
Russia:

Russia proper......
Poland................
Northern Caucasia........

Total Russia (European).......

Bushels. Bushels. | Bushels. | Bushels. / Bushels.
1,522.520,000 2,523.648,000 2.244,177.000 2.467,481 000 2,707,991.000

25,621,000 21,159,000 30,211.000 20,880,000 21.582.000

93,459.000 78,099.000 90,879,000 88,131,000 89,000,000 1,641,600,000 2,622,906,000 2,365,267,000 2,576,492,000 2,818,576,000 98,842,000 84,018,000 148,948,000 175,189,000 140,708,000

1,500,000 866,000 1,118,000 1,477.000 1.000.000 5,576,000 5,060,000 5.289.000 3.035.000) 4,417.000 105,918,000 89,944,000 155,355,000 179,701,000 146,125,000

17.535,000 13,462,000 16,056,000 12,529,000 17,293,000 127,389,000 101,546,000 135,751,000 59,400,000 94,012.000 20,469,000 15,255,000 23,776,000 11,364,000 18,385,000

9,800,000 5,863,000 8.411,000 6,464,000 9,584,000 175,193,000 139,126,000 183,994,000 89,757,000 139,304,000 25,000,000 18,109,000 22.836,000 12,758,000) 19,649.000 26,393,000 24.928,000 25,360,000 19,482,000 21,030,000 100,455,000 71,028,000 88,990,000 73,000,000 99,000,000

15,000,000 16,000,000 14,000,000 15,000,000 16,000,000 116,945,000 68,447,000 80,272,000 19,598,000 59,275,000 60,771,000 40,377,000 40,397,000 18,956,000 22,533,000

13,000 *7.623.000 8.270.000 * 10,335,000 7.063.000

" 11.015.000 68,394,000) 48,647,000 50,732,000 26,032,000 33,551 000 18,849,000 18,396,000 19,479.000 9,498,000 21,431,000 25,759,000 25,272.000 18.759,000 21,300,000 31,900,000 571,988,000! 429,953,000 304,422,000 286,425,000 444,140,000

520.0001 556,000 435,000 391,000 400,000

200,000 200,000 181,000 189,000 232,000 2.000.000 2,000,000 3,502,000 3,000,000 3,000.000 30,000,000 30,000,000 30,000,000 30,000,000 30.000.000

4,479,000 4,143,000 1,997,000 5.282,000 4.822.000 37,208,000 36,899.000 36,118,000 38,862,000 38,454,000 9,650,000 7,256,000 4,988,000 9.972.000 8,374,000

519.000 590,000 627.000 517,000 506,000 10,169,000 7,846,000 5,615,000 10,519,000 8,880,000 2.366,883,000 3,187,548,000 3,066,777,000 3,091.999,000 3,456,175,000

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