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WINNERS OF THE NOBEL PRIZES.
[Prepared for The Daily News Almanac by B. Lofgren, chief clerk of the Nobel foundation. ) PHYSICS.
1902–Donald Ross, professor of tropical medicine
at the University college of Liverpool, for his 1901-William Conrad Roentgen, professor
discovery of the cause and care of malaria. physics at the University of Munich, for his discovery of the rays bearing his name.
1903-Niels Ryberg Finsen, professor of medicine,
Copenhagen, Denmark, for his work in treating 1902-Divided equally between Henrik Anton Lo
diseases, especially lupus vulgaris, with concenrentz. professor of physics at the University of
trated light rays. Leyden, and Peter Zeeman, professor of physics at the University of Amsterdam, for their re 1904-Ivan Petrovic Pawlow, professor of physisearches in the effects of magnetism on the phe ology in the Military Academy of Medicine, St. nomena of radiation.
'Petersburg. in recognition of his work in the
physiology of the digestion. 1903-Half to Antoine Henri Becquerel, professor of physics at the Ecole Polytechnique and at the
1905-Robert Koch, member of the Royal Academy Museum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France,
of Science, Berlin, for his bacteriologic discovmember Institute Francaise, in recognition of eries, as for example his tuberculine; algo for his discovery of spontaneous radio-activity; half his works on bacteriologic researches with speto Pierre Curie, professor of physics at the Uni cial reference to cholera and tuberculosis. versity of Paris (Sorbonne) and teacher in phys 1906-Profs. Ramon y Cajal and Camillo Golgi of ics at the Paris Municipal School of Industrial the Pavia university, Italy, for their works dealPhysics and Chemistry, and his wife, Marie ing with the anatomy of the nervous system, Sklodovska Curie, preceptress at the Higher Nor
LITERATURE. mal School for Young Girls at Sevres, “as an acknowledgment of the extraordinary meric they
1901-Rene Francois Armand Sully-Prudhomme, have acquired through the work which they have
member of the French academy, for poetical done in common in connection with the radiation
works exhibiting the highest idealism and artis
tic perfection as well as a rare union of the phenomena discovered by Prof. Henri Becquerel."
qualities of beart and genius. 1904—Lord Rayleigh, professor of natural philoso
1902–Theodor Mommsen, a professor of history at phy, Royal Institution of Great Britain, London,
the University of Berlin, as the "greatest livfor his investigation of the constituent elements of the most important gases and for his discov
ing master of the art of historical writing, with ery of argon in connection with that investiga
special regard to his monumental work Rom
ische Geschicte.'" tion. 1905–Philippe Lenard, professor of physics at the
1903-Bjornstjerne Bjornson, author, Norway, "as Physical Institute of Kiel, for his investigation
a token of recognition of his noble, grand and
many sided work as a classic writer, which work of the cathode rays and recognition of his excellent works on "Electricity in Waterfalls."
has always been characterized simultaneously by
the freshness of inspiration and a rare purity of “The Cathode Rays and Their Electric Action on Gases," "The Bringing Out of Cathode Rays from Ultraviolet Light' and others.
1904_Half to Frederic Mistral for the originality 1906–J. J. Thomson, professor of experimental
and art of his poetry and for his important laphysics at the University of Cambridge, Eng
bors in Provencal philology; half to Jose Echeland, for his researches extending over many
garay in recognition of his comprehensive and
skillful work as an author, by which he revived years into the nature of electricity.
the great traditions of the Spanish drama. CHEMISTRY.
1905-Henryk Sienkiewicz, the author of the fa1901—Jakob Hendrik van't Hoff, professor of chem mous book "Quo Vadis?" for his ability to pic
istry in the University of Berlin, for discovering ture the first Christians in the realistic colors the laws of chemical dynamics and of osmotic
of the olden time. pressure in solutions.
1906–Prof. Giosue Carducci of Bologna, Italy, for 1902-Emil Fischer, professor of chemistry in the his poems and literary essays. University of Berlin, for his synthetic works
PEACE. within the sugar and purine groups.
1901-Divided equally between Henri Dunant, 1903-Svante August Arrhenius, professor at the
founder of the International Red Cross Society University of Stockholm, for elaborating and of Geneva, and Frederic Passay, founder of the demonstrating his theory of electrolytic dissocia first French peace association, the "Societe Frantion, and thus promoting the development of caise pour l'Arbitrage Entre Nations." chemistry.
1902-Divided equally between Elie Ducommuin, 1904—Sir William Ramsay, professor of chemistry secretary of the international peace bureau at
in the University college, London, in recognition Bern. and Albert Gobat, chief of the interpar• of his merit in discovering atmospheric gases liamentary peace bureau at Bern.
and determining their place in the periodic sys- 1903—William Randal Cremer, M. P., secretary tem.
of the International Arbitration league, London. 1905-Adolf von Baeyer, professor of chemistry 1904-The Institute of International Right, a scienat Munich, for his recent discoveries of the tific association founded in 1873 in Ghent, Belgreen coloring matter "coerulein" and red
gium. coloring matter "eosin” and of “indol" and of
1905-Baroness Bertha von Suttner for her splenbis discovery of the process to make artificial
did literary work written in the interest of the indigo blue. He is the world's most noted stu
world's peace novement. dent of synthetic chemistry and has in the last few years discovered a great number of processes
1906-Theodore Roosevelt, president of the United of value to the industrial world.
States, for the part he took in bringing the
Russo-Japanese war to an end. Money set apart 1906-H. Moissan, professor of chemistry at the by the president for the establishment of a per
Sorbonne, Paris, for his experiments in the manent industrial peace commission. isolation of fluorine, his researches regarding the
The prizes are awarded on the 10th of Decemnature of that element and his application of the electric furnace to the service of science.
ber of each year. In 1901 each prize was $40,
409.64; 1902. $38,014.97; in 1903, $37,883.82; in MEDICINE.
1904, $37,344.10. in 1965, $37,442.10; in 1906, $38,
296. 1901-Emil Adolf von Behring, professor of hygiene An official acccunt of the origin of the Nobel
and medical history at the University of Mar prize fund will be found on page 108 of The Chiburg, Prussia, for his works on serum therapeu | cago Daily News Almanac and Year-Book for tics, with especial reference to diphtheria.
college; Evofessor of
and "detenerit i
Para matter matter
JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER'S GIFTS FOR EDUCATION.
Frederickmhers of the
In June, 1905, John D. Rockefeller gave $10,000,- | The principal sum of the gift of $1,000,000, made 000 to the general education board for the purposes on the organization of the board, could be distribof higher education. In February, 1907, he gave the uted. The present gift of $10,000,000 is held as
same body $32,000,000 for an endowment, the income only being available the same purpose. The for distribution. The first gift was designed to be gift was announced in used exclusively in the southern states. The pres, the following letter: ent gift is for use not only in the southern states
New York, Feb. 6. but throughout the United States, without disGeneral Education Board, tinction of section. The first gift could be used 54 Williams Street, New for common schools and secondary education. The York City-Gentlemen: second gift is confined to higher education and is My father authorizes me designed specially for colleges as distinguished to say that on or before from the great universities, although there is no April 1, 1907, he will prohibition in the letter of gift against making give to the general board contributions to universities, income-bearing securities
“Both gifts are available for denominational the present market value
schools as well as for those which are nonsectaof which is about thirty
rian. While the funds may be employed for detwo million dollars ($32.
nominational schools, they will be employed with000,000), one-third to be
out sectarian distinctions. No special denominaadded to the permanent
tion will be particularly favored, but the funds endowment of the board,
will be open to approved schools of all denominatwo-thirds to be applied
tions, although they cannot be employed for giving to such specific objects
specifically theological instruction. within the corporate pur
“In distributing the funds the board will aim poses of the board as
especially to favor those institutions which are either he or I may from
well located and which have a local constituency JOHN D. ROCKEFEL- time to time direct, any
sufficiently strong and able to insure permanence LER. remainder not so desig
and power. No attempt will be made to resuscinated at the death of
tate moribund schools or to assist institutions the survivor to be added also to the permanent
which are so located that they cannot promise to endowment of the board.
be permanently useful. Within these limits there "JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER, JR."
are no restrictions as to the use of the income. It The board accepted the gift and addressed the may be used for endowment, for buildings, for curfollowing letter to the donor:
rent expenses, for debts, for apparatus or for any "The general education board acknowledges the
other purpose which may be found most servicereceipt of the communication of Feb. 6, 1907, from able." Mr. John D. Rockefeller, Jr., a member of this
The members of the general education board are: body, announcing your decision to give the board
Frederick T. Gates (chairman), George Foster Peafor the purpose of its organization securities of the
body (treasurer), Wallace Buttrick (secretary), Robcurrent value of thirty-two million dollars ($32,000,
ert C. Ogden, Starr J. Murphy, Daniel C. Gilman, 000). The general education board accepts this gift
Edward A. Alderman, Morris K. Jesup, Walter H. with a deep sense of gratitude to you and of re
Page, Albert Shaw, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., Hugh sponsibility to society. The sum, added to the
H. Hanna, Harry Pratt Judson (of the University eleven millions ($11,000,000) which you have for
of Chicago), E. Benjamin Andrews (of the Unimerly given to this board, makes the general edu
versity of Nebraska) and Hollis B. Frissell. cation board the guardian and administrator of a total trust fund of forty-three million dollars ($43,
LIST OF ROCKEFELLER GIFTS.
Un. of Chicago. $21,924,322 | Smith college.. 100.000
Wellesley col... the history of the race for any social or philan
100,000 thropic purpose. The board congratulates you upon
tion board.... 43,000,000 | Columbia univ. 100,000
Yale university 1,000,000 Dennison col... the high and wise impulse which has moved you
100,000 Inst. of Medic
Furman univ... to this deed, and desires to thank you, in behalf
100,000 of all educational interests whose developments it
al Research.. 1,825,000 Spellman semiwill advance, in behalf of our country, whose civ
Barnard college 1,375,000 nary, Atlanta 180,000 ilization for all time it should be made to strength
cational fund en and elevate, and in behalf of mankind every.
316,664 where, in whose interests it has been given and
Harvard univ.. 1,000,000 Nine Y. M. C. for whose use it is dedicated.
845,000 “The administration of this fund entails upon
sionary fund. 2,000.000 To churches the general education board the most far-reaching
Brown univ.... 325,000 (known) ..... 3,075,000
Bryn Mawr col. 230,000 responsibilities ever placed upon any educational
Juvenile reorganization in the world. As members of the
Cornell univ.... 250,000 formatories .. 1,000,000 board we accept this responsibility, conscious alike
McMasters col. 275,000 Children's Seaof its difficulties and its opportunities. We will
Oberlin college 200,000
125,000 use our best wisdom to transmute your gift into
Cleveland city intellectual and moral power, counting it a su
logical sem'y 250,000 parks ...... 1,000,000 preme privilege to dedicate whatever strength we
Vassar college. 400,000 | Clevel'd social have to its just use in the service of men."
Teachers' col.. 500,000 settlement .. 100,000 The following statement issued at the time the
Missions gift of $10.000.000 was made in 1905 explains the
logical sem'y 150,000 (known) ..... 2,260,000 manner in which the distribution of funds is made:
Adelphi college 125,000 "John D. Rockefeller, Jr., with other men of
Syracuse univ... 100.000 Total ...... 85,656,988 this city, was instrumental in forming the general JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER’S WEALTH. education board in February, 1902. A broad and admirable charter was secured from congress and Frederick T. Gates, who is John D. Rockefeller's signed by President Roosevelt on Jan. 12. 1903. A business representative, made the following stategift of $1,000,000 from John D. Rockefeller was ini ment as to Mr. Rockefeller's wealth in February, mediately passed over to the board, especially des. 1906: “The facts are that Mr. Rockefeller has at ignated for educational work in the south. Other various times himself authorized the statement funds have been added by other philanthropists that his fortune cannot exceed $250,000,000 or $300,since that time and the board has confined its 000.000; furthermore his income, instead of being work mainly to educational work in the southern $100,000,000 a year as has been asserted, cannot in states.
his most prosperous year have exceeded $15,000,000 “The present gift differs from Mr. Rockefeller's to $20,000,000. Mr. Rockefeller's holdings of Stand. first gift to the board in the following particulars: 'ard Oil stock are under 30 per cent."
sponsibiliter sense of cation boaron dollars (8.20f the
CARNEGIE INSTITUTION OF WASHINGTON.
[Prepared by William Barnum, chief clerk.) The Carnegie Institution of Washington was in- Botanical Research-D. T. MacDougal. corporated Jan. 4, 1902, and endowed by Andrew Economics and Sociology-Carroll D. Wright. Carnegie with $10,000,000. The purpose of the Experimental Evolution-Charles B. Davenport. institution is thus declared by its founder:
Historical Research-J. F. Jameson. "It is proposed to found in the city of Wash Horticulture-Luther Burbank. ington an institution which, with the co-operation Marine Biology-A. G. Mayer. of institutions now or hereafter established, there Meridian Astrometry-Lewis Boss. or elsewhere, shall in the broadest and most lib Nutrition-F. G. Benedict, R. H. Chittenden, L. B. eral manner encourage investigation, research and Mendel and T. B. Osborne. discovery-show the application of knowledge to Solar Physics-George E. Hale. the improvement of mankind, provide such build Terrestrial Magnetism-A. L. Bauer. ings, laboratories, books and apparatus as may be Work in Geophysics-F. D. Adams, G. F. Becker, needed, and afford instruction of an advanced A. L. Day. character to students properly qualified to profit
Under the original organization the endowment thereby."
and the conduct of the institution were intrusted The following list shows the departments of in
to a board of twenty-seven trustees, but under vestigations to which the larger grants have been
act of congress approved April 28. 1904, certain assigned and the amounts of those grants in 1906:
ex-officio trustees were dispensed with. The board Station for experimental evolution........ $21,000 now consists of the following persons: Tortugas marine biological laboratory... 15,700
Trustees-John S. Billings, John L. Cadwalader, Botanical research.........
Cleveland H. Dodge, W. N. Frew, Lyman J. Horticulture (Luther Burbank)....
Gage, Daniel C. Gilman, Henry L. Higginson, Economics and sociology ....
E. A Hitchcock, William Wirt Howe, Charles Historical research..........
L. Hutchinson, William Lindsay, Seth Low, Terrestrial magnetism.....
D. O. Mills, S. Weir Mitchell, William W. MorSolar observatory (Mount Wilson)........ 150,000
row, Elihu Root, Charles D. Walcott, Andrew Geophysical research...
D. White, Robert S. Woodward, Carroll
85,000 Geophysical laboratory.....
Wright, Henry S. Pritchett, William H. Taft, Southern observatory....... ......... 10,000
William H. Weich.
The officers are as follows: of from $500 to $10.000 were assigned were an
President of the Institution-Robert S. Woodward. thropology. 'archæology, astronomy, bibliography,
Officers of the Board of Trustees-John S. Billings, botany, chemistry, geology, history, literature,
chairman; Elihn Root, vice-chairman; C. H. mathematics, meteorology, paleontology, philology
Dodge, secretary. and linguistics, physics, physiology and zoology.
Executive Committee-Carroll D. Wright, chairThe grants for publication amounted to a total of
man; John S. Billings, Daniel C. Gilman, S. $47.297.59.
Weir Mitchell, Elihu Root. Robert S. WoodThe larger projects now under way and the ward, C. H. Dodge, C. D. Walcott. names of the department directors or investiga The offices of the institution are in the Bond tors are as follows:
I building. Washington, D. C.
THE CARNEGIE FOUNDATION.
On the 27th of April, 1905, it was announced by Frank A. Vanderlip, vice-president of the National City bank of New York city, that Andrew Carnegie had transferred to a board of trustees $10,000,000 first mortgage 5 per cent United States Steel Corporation bonds, the purpose of the trust fund thus created being to provide annuities for college professors in the United States, Canada and Newfoundland who from old age or other physical disability are no longer in a position to render the most efficient service. The trustees are as follows:
A. T. Halley, Yale university
S. B. McCormick, Western University of Pennsylvania.
Edwin B. Craighead, Tulane university.
President Peterson, McGill university.
The corporation having charge of the fund is styled “The Carnegie Foundation." No annuity to exceed $2,400 is paid.
CARNEGIE INSTITUTE DEDICATED.
The formal dedication of the enlarged Institute | tournelles de Constant, Paul Doumer, Baron Desof Pittsburg, presented to the city by Andrew champs, Theodor von Moeller, Ernst von Ihne, Sir Carnegie, took place April 11-13, 1907. Some of | Robert Hall, Sir Edgar Elgar and W. T. Stead. the foremost men in the world of science, litera The building dedicated cost $6,000,000 and is one ture, art, education and statecraft took part in of the finest of its kind in the world. the ceremonies. Among them were Baron d'Es- |
RAILROAD WRECK IN MICHIGAN,
Thirty-three persons were killed and more than | ran into a freight in a cut at a sharp curve with seventy injured in a collision on the Pere Mar the result that six of the passenger coaches were quette railroad near Salem, Mich., July 20, 1907. piled up in a mass of wreckage. Disregard of An excursion train bound from Ionia to Detroit I orders was the cause of the disaster.
MAP OF THE NORTH POLAR REGIONS—WALTER WELLMAN. Showing the highest latitude reached by Peary and the proposed route of the Wellman-Chicago
Record-Herald airship expedition.
The Wellman-Chicago Record-Herald poiar ex a number of Siberian dogs and sledges for a possi. pedition met with further delay in 1907 and oper- ble journey over the snow and ice, was estimated ations were postponed until 1908. Extremely at 15,000 pounds. A seventy-horse-power gasoline stormy weather prevailed during the summer in engine furnished the driving power. the region of Spitzbergen and only one opportu The expedition reached Dane's island, Spitznity was afforded of giving the airship a trial, bergen, June 8, 1907, and from then. until Sept. and that was under adverse circumstances. In 2 the time was occupied in getting the airship the winter of 1906-07 the craft had been en ready and in repairing damages done by severe larged so as to increase its carrying capacity, a storms. The last two weeks were spent in waitnew and more powerful motor had been provided ing for favorable weather conditions. The trial and a new steel car built, making the America ascent was made Sept. 2, when the airship was the most powerful airship ever constructed. The towed three miles through the strait by steamer surface measurement of the balloon part or gas and was then released. The machinery worked reservoir was 24,000 square feet, its length 183 well and a start toward the north was actually feet and its greatest diameter 52.5 feet. The made, but the wind, which had been blowing at steel car underneath was 115 feet long. The lift the rate of six miles an hour, freshened, a snowing power of the balloon when fully inflated was storm began and the compass failed to work and 19,000 pounds, while the total weight to be car | it was deemed absolutely necessary to make 9 ried, including men, machinery, instruments, food, I landing and return to the base on Dane's island. Headquarters will be established on King Edward VII. land and an effort made to reach the south pole in the summer of 1908.
This was successfully accomplished with some difficulty on account of the gale. Mr. Wellman considered that the airship had proved a success, and while it was too late to make another trial in 1907 he announced that another attempt to reach the pole would be made in 1908.
The distance from Dane's island to the north pole is about 618 sea miles, which would have made the distance for the round trip 1,236 miles. The estimated radius of action of the airship was from 2,250 to 2,700 miles.
COOK EXPEDITION. Dr. F. H. Cook, the explorer, was landed in Smith sound, latitude 79 north, in July, 1907, by the schooner yacht John R. Bradley. His intiention was to cross Ellesmereland early in the spring of 1908 and make an attempt to reach the north pole by means of dogs and sledges, with which he was well supplied. The expedition, which consists of Dr. Cook, another white man and a number of Eskimos, planned to spend the winter thirty miles farther north thau did Peary in 1905-1906.
ANOTHER PEARY EXPEDITION. Robert E. Peary received three years' leave of absence for another expedition to the arctic and made preparations for sailing in the Roosevelt in August, 1907. It was found, however, that the steamer could not be got ready in time and the voyage was postponed until 1908. Peary expects to start from a more westerly point when he begins the trip across the polar sea than he did in 1906, thus taking advantage of the movement of the ice in the direction of the pole. The last time this movement carried him out of his course,
THE POLAR RECORD.
Deg. Min. 1774-Capt. Cook ..
... 71 1823-Capt. Weddell.
.. 74 1812–Capt. Ross......
49 1895-Borchgrevink .. 1898-De Gerlache....
36 1900—Borchgrevink ... 1902_Capt. Scott....
* Distance from pole 532.43 miles.
THE MIKKELSEN EXPEDITION. News was received Sept. 7, 1907, from the expedition led by Capt. Einar Mikkelsen, which sailed in the schooner Duchess of Bedford May 21, 1906, to explore the Beaufort sea and adjacent waters. The schooner was wrecked, but all the members of the expedition escaped safely to the ice. Much work was done in the way of taking soundings, but no new discoveries were made.
THE SHACKLETON EXPEDITION. Lieut. E. H. Shackleton of the British navy started from London July 30, 1907, on an expedition to the antarctic in the steam barkentine Endurance, originally a sealing vessel of 227 tons.
CHRONOLOGY OF RECENT WARS.
SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR, 1898.
| Spion Kop battles.
..Jan. 23-25, 1900. Maine blown up...
.Feb. 15, 1900 Diplomatic relations broken...
..... April 21
.Feb. 27, 1900 Cuban blockade declared......... ..... April 22
March 1, 1900 War declared by Spain.....
.May 17, 1900 War declared by United States..
..May 30, 1900 Dewey's victory at Manila....
... May 1
.May 30, 1900 Hobson's Merrimac exploit.......
...June 4, 1900. U. S. army corps lands in Cuba.
South African Republic annexed. ....Sept. 1, 1900 Battle at El Caney and San Juan... ...July 1!
Gen. Methuen captured.....
March 7, 1992 Cervera's fleet destroyed....
Treaty of peace signed..................May 31, 1902 Santiago de Cuba surrenders..
RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR, 1904-1905. Peace protocol signed......
Hostilities begun by Japan...... ...Feb. 8, 1904 Surrender of Manila.....
. Aug. 13
...Feb. 10, 1904 Peace treaty signed in Paris..
.. April 13, 1904
Battle of the Yalu.......
...May 1, 1904 Battle ship Hatsuse sunk
.May 15, 1904 Hostilities began..., ... Feb. 4, 1899 Cruiser Yoshino sunk.......
.May 15, 1904 Battles around Manila. ..Feb. 4-7, 1899 Nanshan hill battles....
lay 21-27, 1904 Battle at Pasig.... .....March 13, 1899 Dalny captured.......
. May 30, 1904 Santa Cruz captured...... April 25, 1899 Vafangow battle.
.June 14, 1904 San Fernando captured.. . May 5, 1899 Kaiping captured...
....July 8, 1904 Battle of Bacoor...... ....June 13, 1899 Port Arthur invested..
July 20-31, 1904 Battle of Imus......... ..... June 16, 1899 Newchwang evacuated.....
....July 25, 1904 Battle of Colamba.... .......July 26, 1899 Haicheng evacuated......
........ Aug. 3, 1904 Battle of Calulut...... ...... Aug. 9, 1999 Port Arthur naval battle..
...Aug. 10, 1904 Battle at Angeles.... .... Aug. 16, 1899 Battle of Liaoyang......
Aug. 26-Sept. 4, 1904 Maj. John A. Logan killed. .... Nov. 14, 1899 Battle of Sha river......
Oct. 12-19, 1904 Gen. Gregorio del Pilar killed... .....Dec. 10, 1899 Dogger bank affair......
...Oct. 22, 1904 Gen. Lawton killed...... .Dec. 19, 1899 203 Meter hill captured..
.Nov. 30, 1904 Taft commission appointed. .Feb. 25, 1900 North Keekwan captured.
.Dec. 18, 1904 Aguinaldo captured........ ....March 23, 1901 Ehrlungshan captured..
...Dec. 25, 1904 End of the war... April 30, 1902 Sungshushan captured....
.Dec. 31, 1904 Military governorship ended...... ......July 4, 1902 Port Arthur surrendered ..........Jan. 1-2, 1905
Battle of Heikoutai..... ....Jan. 27-Feb. 4, 1905 ANGLO-BOER WAR. 1899-1902.
Battle of Mukden ........... Feb. 24- March 12, 1905 Boers declare war......
.Oct. 10, 1899 Battle of Sea of Japan.... ......May 27-28, 1905 Boers invade Natal.......
..Oct. 12, 1899 Roosevelt peace proposal.................June 7, 1905 Battle of Glencoe..... ....Oct. 20, 1899 Sakhalin captured.......
.....July 31, 1905 Battle of Magersfontein... ....Dec. 10, 1899 Portsmouth peace conference
ug. 9-29, 1905 Battle of Colesburg..... .Dec. 31. 1899 | Peace treaty signed...
.. Sept 5, 1905