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Actors 8,392

Actresses 6,418

Agents 241,333

Agents (station) 45,992

Agricultural laborers 4,459,346

Architects 10,604

Artists and art teachers. 24,902

Authors 6,058

Baggagemen 19,085

Bakers '9,407

Bankers and brokers 73,384

Barbers 131,383

Bartenders 88,937

Blacksmiths 227,076

Boarding-bouse keepers.. 71,371

Boilermakers 33,087

Bookbinders 30,286

Bookkeepers 255,526

Boot and shoe dealers, 15,239

Boot and shoe makers.... 209,056

Bottlers 10,546

Boxmakers (paper) 21,093

Brakemen 67,492

Brass workers 26.700

Brewers and maltsters... 20,981

Brick and tile makers.... 49.934

Broom and brush makers 10,222

Builders and contractors. 56.935

Butchers 114,212

Butter and cheese mak-
ers .., 19,261

Cabinetmakers 35,641

Carpenters and Joiners... 602,741

Carpet factory employes. 19.388

Carriage and hack drivers 36,794

Charc'l and coke burners 14,476

Chemical workers 14,814

Chemists 8,887

Cigar dealers 15,367

Clergymen 111.942

Clerks and copyists 632,099

Clock and watch makers. 24.188

Clothing dealers 18.097

Coal and wood dealers.. 20.866

Commercial travelers.... 92.935

Compositors 36.849

Conductors (steam road). 42,935

Confectioners 31,242

Coopers 37,226

Copper workers 8,188

Cotton-mill operatives.... 246,004

Dairymen 10,931

Dentists 29,683

Designers . and draftsmen 18,956

Distillers and rectifiers.. 3,145

Dressmakers 347,076

Dry-goods dealers 45,810

Druggists 57,346

Dvers 17,904

Electricians 60,782

Cleetro-platers 6.387

[Census of 1900.1

Elevator tenders 12,691

Engineers (civil) 43,635

Engineers and firemen

(not ruilway) 224,646

Engineers and firemen

(railway) 107,160

Engravers 11,156

Farmers 5.681,257

Firemen (tire departm'ta) 14,576

Fishermen 73.810

Foremen and overseers... 55,503 Furniture factory employes 23,078

Gardeners 62,418

Olass workers 49.999

Glovemakers 12,276

Gold and silver workers. 26.146

Harnessmnkers 40,193

Hat and cap makers 22.733

Hostlers 65.3S1

Hotelkeepers 54.9.U

Housekeepers and stewards 155,524

Iron and steel workers.. 203.235

Janitors 51.226

Journalists 30.098

Knitting-mill operatives. 47.120

Laborers (general) 2,588,283

Laborers (railroad) 249,576

Laundry employes 387.013

Lawyers 114,703

Lead and zinc workers... 5,335 Leather curriers and tanners 42.684

Librarians 4.184

Liquor merchants 13.119

Lithographers 7,956

Liverymen 33,680

Locksmiths, gunmakers,

etc 7,432

Longshoremen 20,934

Lumber dealers 16,774

Lumbermen 72,190

Machinists 283.432

Marble and stone cutters 54.525

Masons (stone and brick) 161,043

Merchants (wholesale)... 42,310

Messengers 44,460

Millers 40.576

Milliners 87.881

Miners (coal) 344,292

Miners (gold and silver) 59,095

Model and patt'n makers 15,083

Molders 87,504

Musicians and music

teachers 92.264

Nurses (total) 121.269

Nurses (trained) 11,892

Office boys 16,727

Officials (hank) 74,246

Officials (government).... 90.290

Oil well and works employes 24,626

Packers and shippers 59,769

Painters and glaziers 277,990

Paperhangers 22,004

Paper-mill operatives 36.329

Peddlers 76,873

Photographers 27,029

Physicians and surgeons 132,225

Plasterers 35,706

Plumbers and fitters 97,884

Policemen 116,615

Porters 54,274

Potters 16,140

Printers and pressmen... 103,8^5

Produce dealers 34,194

Professors In colleges... 7,275

Publishers 10,970

Quarrymen 34,598

Restaurantkeepers 34,023

Roofers and slaters 9,068

Salesmen and salesw'm'n 611,787

Sailors 61,873

Saloonkeepers 83,875

Saw and planing mill

employes 161,687

Seamstresses 151,379

Servants 1,458,010

Sextons 6.394

Shirt, collar and cuff

makers 39,432

Showmen (professional).. 16,625

Silk-mill operatives 54,too

Soldiers and sailors(U.S.) 126.744

Stenographers 98,827

Stereotyiters and electro

typers 3,172

Stock raisers 85.46,1

Storekeepers (general)... 33,031

Storekeepers (grocery)... 156,557

Stovemakers 12,473

Street-railway employes. 68,936

Switchmen,yardmen, etc. 50,241

Tailors 230.277

Teachers 439.522

Teamsters 504,321

Telegraph operators 65,885

Telephone operators 19,135

Theatrical managers 8,488

TInplate and tinware

workers 70,613

Tobacco-factorv employes 131,464

Tool and cutlery makers. 28.122

Trunkmakers 3,657

Typewriters .'. 13,637

Undertakers 16,200

Upholsterers 30,839

Veterinary surgeons 8,190

Walters 107,130

Wheelwrights 13,539

Wireworkers 18.487

Woolen-mill operatives.. 73.196


John Alexander Dowie, founder of the "Christian itholic church," died in Shlloli House, Zion City, I., March 9, 1907. He was born in 1847, went to jstralla In 1878. came to the United States in 18 and began preaching in the streets of Chlgro In 1890. Professing to be a divine healer, he traded a considerable number of followers, and a few years had established a bank, a newsper and a large congregation, which held Its etlngrs In the Auditorium. In 1900 he founded in City, a few miles north of Waukegan, 111., de it the headquarters of the church and estab

lished a lace factory and other Industries. He culled himself Elijah III., or Elijah the Restorer, and later took the title of first apostle of the church. His operations were extended to Europe and Mexico and at one time his property was estimated to be worth $21,000,000. In 1905 he was stricken with paralysis, the Zlon City Industries In the meantime having been placed in the hands of receivers and many of his followers having become adherents of Wilbur Glenn Voliva, one of the overseers of his church.

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From Jan. 1.1881, to Dec. 31,1905. [Compiled from twenty-first annual report of the commissioner of labor.]

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Of the 36.757 strikes from 1881 to 1905 inclusive 11,851, or 32.24 per cent, were for increase of wages; 3,117, or 8.48 per cent, for Increase of wages and other causes; 4.067. or 11.6 per cent, against reduction of wages; 1,797. or 4.89 per cent, for reduction of hours; same against increase of hours; 6,926, or 18.84 per cent, for recognition of union and union rules; 1.624. or 4.42 per cent, in sympathy with strikers; 2,693. or 7.33 per cent, concerning employment -of certain persons.


Considering all strikes In the United States during the nineteen-year period from 1887 to 1905, of the 11.782,692 male employes In the establishments involved 5,291,310, or 44.91 per cent, struck,

while of the 1,452.247 female employes 408,815. or 28.15 per cent, struck. In 1905 35.60 per cent of the male employes and 12.24 per cent of the female employes In the establishments Involved struck.


Of the 13.964 strikes which occurred during the years 1901 to 1905 a total of 803 strikes, or 5.75 per cent of all strikes, were settled by joint agreement between organizations on both sides, and a total of 223 strikes, or 1.60 per cent of the entire number, were settled by arbitration.

Of the 541 lockouts In the five-year period 66, or 12.20 per cent, were settled by joint agreement between organizations on both sides, and 11, or 2.03 per cent, were settled by arbitration.


The outbound White Plains and Brewster express on the New York Central railroad was wrecked near 205th street. New York city, Saturday evening, Feb. 16, 1907. Eighteen persons were killed outright and nearly 150 injured. Four of the wounded died within a few hours of the accident. The train, which was drawn by two electric locomo

tives, was running at a high rate of speed when the last coach left the track. Four other cars were overturned and all were dragged for a distance of seven blocks before the motor cars, which, remained on the rails, were brought to a stop. Nearly all the passengers were injured and those killed were frightfully mutilated.

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Average price for 1890-1899-100.

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[Based on reports to the department of labor, Washington, D. C. The quotations are from New York, Chicago and a few other primary markets. J


Barley, bu ?0.51

Cattle, steers, 100 lbs 6.13

Corn, No. 2 cash, bu 4ti

Cotton, upland, lb 11

Flaxseed, No. 1, bu 1.10

Hay, timothy, ton 12.96

Hides, green, lb 15

Hogs, heavy, 100 lbs 6.24

Hops, New York state, lb 16

Oats, cash, bu 33

Rye, No. 2 cash, bu 61

Sheep, western, 100 lbs 5.28

Wheat, contract, cash, bu 79


Beans, medium, bu 1.90

Bread, crackers, soda, per lb 09

Bread, loaf, lb 04

Butter, creamery, lb 25

Cheese, New York cream, lb .13

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Tea, Formosa, lb

Vegetables, potatoes, bu


Blankets, all wool, lb 1-02

Boots and shoes, brogans, pair...... l.£>

Boots and shoes, men's calf, pair i.u

Boots and shoes, women's 1-J»

Broadcloths, yard *-J>2

Calico, yard

Carpets, Brussels, yard

Carpets, ingrain, yard ■-

Carpets, Wilton, yard *•«»

Cotton flannels, heavy, yard <g>

Cotton thread, spool y*

Denims, yard »"

Drillings, brown, yard "g

Flannels, white, yard *°

Ginghams, yard "2

Hosiery, men's cotton, dozen -w>

Hosiery, women's cotton, dozen 1.90

Leather, harness, lb »'

Leather, sole, lb gjj

Linen thread, dozen spools .Bo

Overcoatings, chinchilla, yard i-o&

Overcoatings, covert, yard ^-f 6

Print cloths, yard •«*

Shawls, wool, each *•*»

Sheetings, bleached, yard fk

Sheetings, brown, yard 07

Shirtings, bleached, yard -08

Silk, raw, Italian, lb 4.3|

Silk. raw. Japan, lb 416

Suitings, Clay worsted, yard l.jil

Suitings, serge, yard 1.0*

Tickings, yard 13

Dress goods, cashmere, yard 40

Wool, scoured, lb .M

Worsted, yarns, lb 1.30


Candles, lb 08

Coal, anthracite. broken, ton 4.20

Coal, anthracite, chestnut, ton 4.86

Coal, anthracite, egg, ton 4.86

Coal, bituminous, ton -.... 1.55

Coke, ton 2.67

Matches, gross 1.50

Petroleum, refined, gal 08


Augers, % men, each 36

Axes, each 67

Barb wire, 100 lbs 2.43

Chisels, 1 inch each 42

Copper, ingot, lb 20

Door knobs, steel, pair 44

Files, 8 Inch, dozen 1.02

Hammers, each 47

Lead, pig, lb 06

Locks, common, each 18

Nails, cut, 8-penny, 100 lbs 1.93

Nails, wire, 100 lbs 1.06

Pig iron, Bessemer, per ton 19.54

Planes, each... 1.71

Quicksilver, lb 55

Saws, crosscut, each 1.60

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