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1899.

DATES OF RECENT HISTORICAL EVENTS. Aguinaldo captured, March 23, 1901.

Greco-Turkish war began, April 16, 1897; ended, Alaska boundary award made, Oct. 17, 1903. May 11, 1897; peace treaty signed, Sept. 18, 1897. Alfonso III. ascended throne of Spain, May 17, Harrison, Benjamin, died, March 13, 1901.

1902; attempted assassination of in Paris, June Harrison, Carter, Sr., assassinated, 'Oct. 28, 1893. 1. 1906.

Hawaii made a republic, July 4, 1894; annexed to Anarchists pardoned by Altgeld, June 26, 1893. United States, Aug. 12, 1896; made a territory, Andree began arctic balloon trip, July 11, 1897. 1 June 14, 1900. Anglo-American arbitration treaty signed, Jan. Hay-Pauncefote isthmian-canal treaty signed, Nov. 11. 1897.

18, 1901. Anglo-Boer war began, Oct. 10, 1899; ended, May Homestead (Pa.) labor riot, July 6, 1892. 31, 1902.

Hugo, Victor, centenary celebration begun in Anglo-Japanese treaty signed, Jan. 30, 1902.

Paris, Feb. 26, 1902. Armenian massacres began in 1890: culminated Humbert, King, assassinated, July 29, 1900. in 1895, 1896 iind 1897.

Idaho admitted as a state, July 3, 1890. Australian commonwealth inaugurated, Jan. 1, Irish land-purchase law in force, Nov. 1, 1903. 1901.

Iroquois thieater fire, Dec. 30. 1903; lives lost, 575. Baltimore fire, Feb. 7, 1904.

Isthmian canal bill signed by president, June 28, Bennington gunboat disaster, July 21, 1905.

1902. Bering sea seal treaty signed. Nov. 8, 1897.

Italian army routed in Abyssinia, March 1, 1896. Bismarck resigned chancellorship, March 18, 1890;

Italian prisoners lynched in New Orleans, March died, July 30, 1898.

14, 1891. Borda, president, assassinated, Aug. 25, 1897. • Jamaica earthquake and fire, Jan. 14. 1907. Boxer outbreak in China began, May, 1900.

Jameson raiders in Transvaal routed, Jan. 2, 1896. Brazil proclaimed a republic, Nov. 15, 1889, Japan, battle of Sea of, May 27-28, 1905. Cable. Pacific, laying of begun at San Francisco,

Japan declared war on 'China, Aug. 1, 1894; war Dec. 14, 1902.

ended, April 17, 1895. Campanile in Venice fell. July 14, 1902.

Japan-Russia war began, Feb. 7, 1904; ended

Sept. 5, 1905. Carnot, president, assassinated, June 24, 1894.

Johnstown flood, May 31, 1889. Caroline islands bought by Germany, Oct. 1,

Ketteler, Baron' von, killed in Pekin, June 20, 1900. 1899.

Kishinev massacre, April 20, 1903. Cholera epidemic in Hamburg, Germany, August,

Koch's lymph cure announced, Nov. 17, 1890. 1892.

Kossuth, Louis, died, March 20, 1894. Christian ix., king of Denmark, died, Jan. 29,

Lawton, Gen. H. W., killed, Dec. 19, 1899. 1906.

Leiter wheat deal collapsed, June 13, 1898. Coal (anthracite) strike began. May 12, 1902;

Liliuokalani, queen of Hawaii, deposed Jan. 16, ended, Oct. 21, 1902.

1893. Corinth ship canal open, Aug. 6, 1893.

Madagascar annexed to France, Jan, 23, 1896. Cronin murder, May 4, 1889.

Maine blown up, Feb. 15, 1898. Cuba under sovereignty of United States, Jan. 1,

Marconi signals letter "S" across Atlantic, Dec. Cuban constitution signed, Feb. 21, 1901..

11, 1901.

Meyerbeer centenary celebrated in Berlin, Sept. Cuban-United States reciprocity treaty ratified

5, 1891. March 19, 1903; bill to carry treaty into effect

Morocco conference began, Jan. 16, 1906. passed by congress Dec. 16, 1903.

Mukden, battle of, Feb. 24-March 12, 1905. Cuban republic inaugurated, May 20, 1902; Pres

McKinley. President, shot by anarchist, Sept. 6, ident Palma and cabinet resigned and American

1901; died, Sept. 14, 1901. control established Sept. 29, 1906.

Nansen arctic expedition started, July 21, 1893; Cuban revolt began, Feb. 24, 1895.

returned Aug. 13, 1896. Czolgosz, McKinley's assassin. tried and sen

Nicholas II. proclaimed czar of Russia, Nov. 2, tenced, Sept. 24, 1901; executed, Oct. 29, 1901.

1894; crowned, May 26, 1896; attempted assassiDe Lesseps, Ferdinand, convicted of Panama

nation of, Jan. 19, 1905. fraud, Feb. 9, 1893,

Norge disastier, June 28, 1904, Delhi coronation durbar began, Dec. 29, 1902.

Norway dissolved union with Sweden, June 7, 1905. Delyannis, Grecian premier, assassinated June 13,

Omdurman, battle of, Sept. 4, 1898. 1905.

Panama canal property bought by the United Dewey's victory at Manila, May 1, 1898.

States, Feb. 16, 1903. Dingley tarift bill signed, July 24, 1897.

Panama' fraud trials in Paris, Jan. 10 to March Dom Pedro exiled from Brazil, Nov. 16, 1889.

21, 1893 Dreyfus, Capt., degraded and sent to Devil's is

Panama revolution, Nov. 3, 1903. land, Jan. 4. 1895; brought back to France,

Pan-American congress, first, began, Oct. 2, 1889; July 3, 1899; new trial begun. Aug. 7; found second, Oct. 23, 1902. guilty, Sept. . 9; pardoned, Sept. 19, 1899; re Peace congress called by czar, Aug. 24, 1898, stored to rank in army, July 12, 1906, by de

opened at The Hague, May 18, 1899; closed, cision of Supreme court of France; decorated July 29, 1899. with cross of Legion of Honor, July 21, 1906. Pekin captured by the allies, Aug. 15, 1900. Earthquake in India, April 4. 1905; in Calabria, Philippine-American war began, Feb. 4, Italy, Sept. 8, 1905. (See also San Francisco and ended, April 30, 1902. Valparaiso.)

Philippines ceded to the United States, Dec. 10, Edward VII. proclaimed king, Jan. 24, 1901;

1898. crowned. Aug. 9, 1902.

Pope Leo XIII. died, July 20, 1903. Elizabeth, empress of Austria, assassinated. Sept. Pope Pius X. elected, Aug. 4, 1903. 10, 1898.

Port Arthur captured by the Japanese from ChiEmmanuel III., king of Italy, crowned, Aug. 11,

nese. Nov. 21, 1894; from Russians, Jan. 1, 1905. 1902.

Porto Rico ceded to the United States, Dec. 10,

1898. Fallieres, C. A., elected president of France, Jan. 17, 1906.

Porto Rico hurricane, Aug 8. 1899.

Pretoria captured by the British. June 4, 1900. Field, Marshall, died. Jan. 16, 1906.

Pullman strike began, May 11, 1894; boycott beFormosa transferred to Japan, June 4, 1895. Frederick VIII. succeeded to throne of Denmark,

gan, June 26; rioting in Chicago and vicinity,

June and July; strike and boycott ended, August. Jan. 29. 1906.

Rhodes, Cecil, died, March 26, 1902. Galveston tornado, Sept. 8. 1900.

Roentgen ray discovery made public, Feb. 1, 1896. General Slocum disaster, June 15, 1904.

Russia-Japan war began, Feb. 7, 1904; ended, Gladstone resigned premiership, March 2, 1894; 1 Sept. 5, 1905. died, May 19, 1898.

Salisbury. Premier, resigned. July 13, 1902; died, Goebel, Gov. William, shot, Jan. 30, 1900; died, Aug. 22, 1903. Feb. 3.

St. Louis cyclone, May 27, 1896.

St. Petersburg riots, Jan. 22, 1905.

Steel workers' strike began, Aug. 10, 1901. St. Pierre, Martinique, destroyed, May 8, 1902. Stone, Ellen M., captured by brigands, Sept. 3, San Francisco earthquake and fire, April 18-20, 1901; released, Feb. 23, 1902. 1906.

Transvaal republic annexed to Great Britain, Sept. San Juan and El Caney, battles of, July 1, 1898. 1, 1900, Santiago de Cuba, naval battle of, July 3, 1898. Utah admitted as a state, Feb. 4, 1896. Santiago de Cuba surrendered, July 17, 1898.

Valparaiso earthquake, Aug. 16, 1906. Schley inquiry ordered, July 26, 1901; began, Sept. Venezuelan blockade by England, Germany and

20; ended. Nov. 7; verdict announced, Dec. 13. Italy began in first part of December, 1902; Schurz, Carl, died, May 14. 1906.

ended, Feb. 13, 1903. Sergius, Grand Duke, assassinated, Feb. 17, 1905. Vesuvius, great eruption of April 1-10, 1906. Servia, king and queen of, assassinated, June 11, Victoria, queen of England, died, Jan. 22, 1901. 1903.

Wilhelmina proclaimed queen of Holland, Aug. 31, Shah of Persia assassina tied, May 1, 1896.

1898. Simplon tunnel completed, Feb. 25, 1905.

Windsor hotel, New York, burned, March 17, 1899. Spanish-American war began, April 25, 1898; peace World's Fair in Chicago opened, May 1, 1893;

protocol signed, Aug. 12, 1898; Paris peace treaty ended, Oct. 30, 1893. signed, Dec, 12; peace treaty ratified, Feb. 6, Wyoming admitted as a state, July 10, 1890. 1899.

| Yalu, battle of, Sept. 17, 1894.

THE KINGSTON EARTHQUAKE AND FIRE.

Date-Jan. 14, 1907.

miral C. H. Davis in command. On their arLives lost-1,100.

rival marines were landed, with the permission of Persons injured-2,000.

the colonial secretary and the inspector of police, Property loss-$25,000,000.

to protect property and prevent a threatened outBuildings destroyed-6,000.

break of prisoners in the penitentiary. The govArea of ruined district-50 acres.

ernor-general of Jamaica, Sir James Alexander Area affected by earthquake-300 acres.

Swettenham, took offense because a salute was fired Beginning of destructive shock-3:35 p. m.

by mistake in his honor after he had asked that Duration of first shock-38 seconds.

it be omitted. Rear-Admiral Davis apologized and Duration of fire after earthquake-40 hours. further explained that he had landed troops and

supplies from purely humanitarian motives, but the Kingston, Jamaica, was almost entirely destroyed governor-general refused to be placated and sent a by a heavy earthquake on the afternoon of Jan. letter beginning as follows: 14. 1907. the ruin caused by the shock being com "Dear Admiral: Thanks very much for your letpleted by a fire which followed immediately and ter, your kind call and all the assistance given or lasted nearly two days. The main facts of the dis offered us. While I most heartily appreciate the aster are as given in the above summary obtained generous offers of assistance, I feel it my duty to from official sources two months after the earth ask you to re-embark the working party and all quake. Most of those killed were natives, less parties which your kindness prompted you to than 100 white persons losing their lives. The land." most prominent of the victims was Sir James The letter, which was sarcastic in tone, was Fergusson of London, who was on a visit to Ja practically an order for the American ships to maica, Few tourists, of whom there were many in leave. It was so accepted. The war vessels imthe city, were killed or injured, though the princi mediately took their departure and relief movepal hotels were badly damaged. The lighthouse at ments in the United States stopped. Gov. SwetPort Royal was thrown into the sea by the shock tenham's action caused much adverse comment and the fine steamer Prinz Waldemar ran on the both in Jamaica and England and a few weeks rocks near the harbor and was wrecked for lack later led to his resignation. of lights,

Outside of Jamaica little damage was done by Knowing that there was need of immediate as the shock. In Port Antonio some of the buildings sistance, President Roosevelt ordered the naval were damaged, but there were no casualties. vessels at Guantanamo, Cuba, to proceed at once After the first heavy shock many lighter ones octo Kingston with food and medical supplies. Con. curred at intervals, more than 100 being recorded gress also possed a bill authorizing the use of in the course of the following few weeks. The na val supplies for the relief of the victims of the weather was good, and the thousands of homeless earthquake. The battle ships Missouri and Indi people who were encamped on the Kingston race ana, the destroyer Whipple and the supply ship course and other open places suffered less than Celtic went at once to Kingston, with "Rear-Ad- | they might otherwise have done.

WRECK OF EIGHTEEN-HOUR TRAIN.

The eighteen-hour train on the Pennsylvania, the engine. About 300 yards of track was torn road bound from New York to Chicago was wrecked up, after which the locomotive left the rails and just before midnight Feb. 22, 1907, at a point about

dragged with it the three rear cars. These slipped

down the embankment and fell on their sides in six miles from Johnstown, Pa. One of the bolts

the Conemaugh river and were submerged to the holding up the brake rigging under the locomotive depth of three feet. There were fifty-four passensnapped, with the result that the brake shoes were gers on the tram, nearly all of whom were more let down on the rails. One of the brake shoes got or less severely injured. Postmaster Fred Busse under the main driving wheels and partly derailed of Chicago was one of those hurt.

WRECK OF THE STEAMER LARCHMONT.

The Joy line steamer Larchmont left Providence, had sunk. Only nineteen persons were saved, tea R. I., Monday evening, Feb. 11, 1907, bound for New being members of the crew and nine passengers. York, with 112 passengers and a crew of forty-five Some of these were nearly dead from cold and exmen aboard. A strong gale was blowing and the tem posure when they reached shore in the steamer's perature was close to zero, but all went well until lifeboats early Tuesday morning. Those who at. a point near Block island was reached. There the | tempted to escape on rafts froze to death. Many steamer collided with the three-masted schooner of the bodies which washed ashore were incased in harry Knowlton. Within ten minutes both vessels ice.

DEATHS OF NOTED MEN AND WOMEN (1890-1906).

Alexander III., Nov. 1, 1894. Frederick, ex-Empress, Aug. 5, Parker, Joseph, Nov. 28, 1902. Allen, Grant, Oct. 25, 1895.

1901.

Parkman, Francis, Nov. 8, 1893. Altgeld, John P., March 12, 1902. Froude, James A., Oct. 20, 1891. Pierrepont, Edwards, March 6. Andrassy, Count, Jan. 30, 1900. Gary, Joseph E., Oct. 31, 1906. 1892. Anthony, Susan B., March 13, 1906. George, Henry, Oct. 29, 1896. Pingree, Hazen S., June 18, 1901. Armour, Philip D., Jan. 6, 1901. Gilmore, Patrick S., Sept. 24, 1892. Playfair, Lyon, May 29, 1898. Arnold, Edwin, March 25, 1904. Gladstone, Wm. E., May 19, 1898. Poole, William F., March 1, 1894. Astor, John Jacob, Feb. 22, 1890. Gladstone, Mrs. W. E., June 13, Porter, Noah, March 4, 1892. Audran, Edmond, Aug. 19, 1901. 1900.

Pullman, George M., Oct. 19, 1897. Barnum, P. T., April 7, 1891. Goode, George B., Sept. 6. 1896. Randall, Samuel J., April 13, 1890. Bartholdi, F. Á., Oct. 4, 1904, Gould, Jay, Dec. 2, 1892.

Reclus, Elisee, July 4, 1905 Beit, Alfred, July 16, 1906. Gounod, Charles F., Oct. 18, 1893. Reed, Thomas B., Dec. 7, 1902. Bellamy, Edward, May 22, 1898. Gray, Elisha, Jan. 21, 1901. Remenyi, Edouard, May 15, 1898. Belmont, August, Nov. 24, 1890. Gresham, Walter Q., May 28, 1895. Renan, Joseph Ernst, Oct. 2, 1892. Besant, Sir Walter, June 9, 1901, Hamilton, Gail, Aug. 17, 1896. Rhodes, Cecil, March 26, 1902. Bismarck, Prince, July 30, 1898. Hampton, Wade, April 11, 1902. Ridpath, John C., July 31, 1900. Black, William, Dec. 10, 1898. Hanna, Marcus A., Feb. 15, 1904. Ristori, Adelaide, Oct. 9, 1906. Blackie, J. S., March 3, 1895. Harper, William R., Jan. 10, 1906. Robson, Stuart, April 29, 1903. Blaine, James G., Jan. 27, 1893. Harrison, Benj., March 13, 1901. Root, George F., Aug. 6, 1895. Blavatsky, Madame, May 9, 1891. Harrison, Carter, Sr., Oct. 28, 1893.1 Rosewater, Edward, Aug. 21, 1906. Blouet, Paul, May 24, 1903.

Hatch, Rufus, Feb. 23, 1893. Rubinstein, Anton G., Nov. 20, Bonheur, Rosa, May 25, 1899.' Hay, John, July 1, 1905.

1894, Booth, Edwin, June 7, 1893

Hayes, Rutherford' B., Jan. 17, Ruskin, John, Jan. 20, 1900. Brahms, Johannes, April 2, 1897. I 1893.

Russell. Sir Chas.. Aug. 10, 1900. Breton, Jules A., July 5, 1906. Hearn, Lafcadio

26. 1904. Sagasta, Praxedes M., Jan. 5, 1903. Bristow, Benj. H., June 22, 1896. Henderson, David B., Feb. 25, Sage, Russell, July 22, 1906. Brooks, Phillips, Jan. 23, 1893. 1906.

Sampson, Wm. T., May 6, 1902. Bulow, Hans von, Feb. 13, 1894. Herne, James A., June 2, 1901. Salisbury, Lord, Aug. 22, 1903. Butler, Gen. B. F., Jan. 11, 1893. Hewitt, Abram S., Jan. 18, 1903. Salvini, Alexandre, Dec. 14, 1896. Carnot, President, June 24, 1894. Hitt, Robert R., Sept. 20, 1906. Schliemann, H., Dec. 25, 1890. Carte, 'D'Oyly, April 3, 1901. Hoar, George F., Sept. 30, 1904. Schurz, Carl, May 14, 1906. Childs, George W., Feb. 3, 1894. Hobart, Garret A., Nov. 21, 1899. Seidl, Anton, March 29, 1898. Christian IX., Jan. 29, 1906. Holman, W. S., April 22, 1897. Sherman, John, Oct. 22, 1900. Constant, Benjamin, May 26, 1902. Holmes, Oliver w., Oct. 7. 1894. Sherman, Gen. W. T., Feb. 14, Cooke, Jay, Feb. 16, 1905. Humbert, King. July 29, 1900.

1891. Corbin, Austin, June 4, 1896. Huxley, Thomas H., June 29, 1894. Sigel, Franz, Aug. 21, 1902. Corning, Erastus, Aug. 30, 1896. Ibsen, Henrik, May 23, 1906. Smiles, Samuel, April 16, 1904. Croke, Archbishop, July 22, 1902. Ingalls, John J., Aug. 16, 1900. Spencer, Herbert, Dec. 8, 1903. Crook, George, March 19, 1890. Ingersoll, Robert G., July 21, 18 Stanford, Leland, June 20, 1893. Cummings, Amos J., May 2, 1902. Irving, Henry, Oct. 13, 1905. Stanley, Henry M., May 10, 1904. Curie, Pierre, April 19, 1906. Jefferson, Joseph, April 23, 1 Stanton, Elizabeth C., Oct. 26, Curtis, George W., Aug. 31, 1892. Jokai, Maurus, May 5, 1904.

1902. Curzon, Lady, July 18, 1906. Johnson, Eastman, April 5, 1906. Stockton, Frank R., April 20, 1902. Daly, Augustin, July 7, 1899. Joubert, Gen., March 27, 1900. Strakosch, Max, March 17, 1892. Dana, Charles A., Oct. 17, 1897. Judd, Orange, Dec. 27, 1892. Strauss, Johann, May 3, 1899. Davis, George R., Nov. 25, 1899. Judge, Wm. Q., March 22, 1896. Sullivan, Sir Arthur, Nov. 22, 1900. Davis, Mrs. Jefferson, Oct. 16, 1906. Kjelland, Alexander, April 6, 1906. Suppe, Franz von. June 21, 1895. Davis, Winnie, Sept. 18, 1898. Kossuth, Louis, March 20, 1894. Sutro, Adolph, Aug. 8, 1898. Davitt, Michael, May 31, 1906. Kruger, Paul, July 14, 1904.

Swing, David, Oct. 3, 1892. Dingley, Nelson, Jan. 13, 1899. Langley, Samuel P., Feb. 27, 1906. Taine, Hippolyte A., March 5,Donnelly, Ignatius, Jan. 2, 1901. | Larcom, Lucy, April 17, 1893.

1893. Douglass, Frederick, Feb. 20, 1895. Lawton, H. W., Dec. 19, 1899. Talmage, T. DeWitt, April 12, 1902. Drexel, Anthony J., June 30, 1893. Leo XIII., July 20, 1903.

Tennyson, Alfred, Oct. 6, 1893. Drummond, Henry, March 11, 1897. Li Hung Chang, Nov. 7, 1901. Terry, A. H., Dec. 16, 1890. Du Maurier, George, Oct. 8, 1896. Lorimer, George C., Sept. 8, 1904. Thaxter, Celia L., Aug. 27, 1894. Dumas, Alexandre, Nov. 27, 1895. Lossing, Benson J., June 3, 1891. Thurman, Allen G., Dec. 12, 1895. Dunbar, Paul L., Feb. 9, 1906. Lowell, James R., Aug. 12, 1891. Tisza, Koloman de, March 23, 1902. Dvorak, Antonin, May 1, 1904. Manning, Cardinal, Jan. 14, 1892. Tourgee, Albion, May 21, 1905. Edwards, Amelia B., April 15, 1892. Maratzek, Max, May 14, 1897. Tschaikowsky, Nov. 5. 1893. Eggleston, Edward, Sept. 3, 1902. Marryatt, Florence, Oct. 27, 1899. Tuley, Murray F., Dec. 25, 1905. Emmett, "Fritz,' 'June 15, 1891. Marsh, O. C., March 18, 1899. Tyndall, John, Dec. 4, 1893. Elizabeth, Empress, Sept. 10, 1898. Maupassant, De, July 6, 1893. Vanderbilt, Cornelius, Sept. 12, English, William H., Feb. 7, 1896. Medili, Joseph, March 16, 1899.

1899. Evarts, William M., Feb. 28, 1901. Meissonier, Jan. 31, 1891.

Verdi, Giuseppe, Jan. 27, 1901. Fair, James G., Dec. 28, 1894. Menzel, Adolf, Feb. 9, 1905. Verne, Jules, March 24, 1905. Fairchild, Lucius, May 23, 1896. Michel, Louise, Jan. 9. 1905. Victoria, Queen, Jan. 22, 1901. Faithfull, Emily, June 1, 1895. Millais, Sir John. Aug. 13. 1896. | Villard, Henry, Oct. 12, 1900. Farjeon, B. L., July 23, 1903. Most, Johann, March 17. 1908. Virchow, Rudolph, Sept. 5, 1902. Field, Cyrus W., July 12, 1892. McArthur, John, May 15, 1906. Voorhees, D. W., April 10, 1897. Field, Eugene, Nov. 4, 1894. McCosh, James, Nov. 16, 1894. Wheeler, Joseph, Jan. 25, 1906. Field, Kate, May 18, 1896.

McKinley, William, Sept. 14, 1901. Whitney, Wm. c., Feb. 2, 1904. Field, Marshall, Jan. 16, 1906. McVicker, Jas. H., March 7, 1896. / Whittier, John G., Sept. 7, 1892. Field, Richard M., Nov. 11, 1902. Nye, Edgar W., Feb. 21, 1896. Wilde, Oscar, Nov. 30, 1900. Field, Stephen J., April 9, 1899. Ochiltree, Thos., Nov. 26, 1902. Willard, Frances E., Feb. 17, 1898. Fisk, Clinton B., July 9, 1890. Oliphant, Mrs. M., June 25, 1897. Windom, William, Jan. 29, 1891. Florence, Wm. J., Nov. 19, 1891. O'Reilly, John Boyle, Aug. 11, Yates, Edmund H., May 20. 1894. Flower, Roswell P., May 12. 1899. I 1890

Yerkes, Charles T., Dec. 29, 1908. Forbes, Archibald, March 30, 1900. Palmer, John M., Sept. 25, 1900. Zola, Émile, Sept. 29, 1902. Fremont, John C., July 13, 1890. I Palmer, Potter, May 4, 1902.

DEATH OF THE SHA! OF PERSIA.

Muzaffereddin, shah of Persia, died in his palace at Teheran Jan. 8, 1907. He was born March 25, 1853, and succeeded to the throne on the assassination of his father, Nazreddin, in 1896. He was

one of the wealthiest and most learned of oriental monarchs and was liberal in his views. Muzaffereddin was succeeded by Mohammed Ali Mirza.

Foreign Governments.

Rulers and cabinets of the leading countries, with the latest statistics of their area, population, exports and imports. GREAT BRITAIN.

4,458,775, against a total of 4.704.750 in 1891, GOVERNMENT-King, Edward VII.; heir-apparent,

showing a decrease of 245, 675, or 5.2 per cent. The George Frederick, Prince of Wales.

decrease in each of the four provinces was: Lein Prime Minister and First Lord of the Treasury

ster, 41,297; Munster, 98,568; Ulster, 38,463; ConSir H. Campbell-Bannerman.

naught, 69,876. Lord Ohancellor-*Lord Loreburn,

Population of the chief cities of Ireland in 1901: Lord President of the Council-*Earl of Crewe. Dublin .....379,861 | Drogheda ....... 12,765 Lord of Privy Seal-Marquis of Ripon.

Belfast
.348,876 Newry

12,587 President of the Board of Education-Reginald Cork

... 99,693 | Lurgan ... .. 11,777 McKenna.

Limerick ........ 45,806 Lisburn ...

11,459 Chancellor of Exchequer-*H. H. Asquith.

Londonderry ..... 39,873

11,154 Home Secretary-*Herbert J. Gladstone.

Waterford .. 27.917 Sligo ....... 10,862 Foreign Secretary-*Sir Edward Grey.

Galway ......

Kilkenny .......

10,493 Colonial Secretary-*Earl of Elgin.

Dundalk ........ 13,067 Secretary for War-*R. B. Haldane.

The Dublin figures are for the metropolitan poSecretary for India-*John Morley.

lice district. Belfast and Londonderry have inFirst Lord of Admiralty-*Lord Tweedmouth.

creased in population in the last ten years at the Lord Chancellor of Ireland-*Samuel Walker.

rate of 27.8 and 20.1 per cent respectively. DubChief Secretary for Ireland—*Augustine Birrell.

lin city shows an increase of 7.6 per cent in the Secretary for Scotland_*John Sinclair.

same period. President of the Board of Trade-*D. Lloyd

EXPORTS AND IMPORTS-The total exports of the George.

British empire in 1906 were $4,458,500,000; of the President of the Local Government Board—*John

united kingdom (1907). $1,854,553,956; total imBurns.

ports of the empire, $5,075,149,000; of the united President of the Board of Agriculture—*Earl of

kingdom (1907). $3,094,138,414. Carrington. Postmaster-General-*Sydney C. Buxton.

The total exports of the united kingdom to the

United States in 1907 were $246,112,047; imports, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland-Lord Aberdeen.

$607,783, 255. Chancellor of the Duchy-*Sir Henry Fowler.

INDIA.
Lord Advocate-Thomas Shaw.
Attorney-General-Sir J. Lawson Walton.

GOVERNMENT--Governor-general, Earl of Minto. Solicitor-General-Sir M. S. Robson.

Legislative authority is vested in a council of Solicitor-General for Scotland-Alexander Ure. twenty-three members, seven of whom are memAttorney-General for Ireland-R. R. Cherry.

bers of the governor-general's council appointed hy Solicitor-General for Ireland-Redmond Barry. the crown. The other sixteen are nominated by *Members of the cabinet.

the viceroy. The British parliament, in which the highest leg

AREA AND POPULATION—The total area of Britislative authority is vested, consists of the house

ish India is 1,097.901 square miles. The total popof lords and the house of commons. The former in ulation according to the census of March 1, 1901, 1906 had 613 members and the latter 670. The is 232,072,832, divided among the provinces as folsessions usually last from February to August. lows:

AREA AND POPULATION—The total area of Eng. Ajmer-Marwara 476,912 Coorg .... 180,607 land, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, the Isle of Man Assam .......30,961,459 Madras ......38,209,436 and the Channel islands is 121,391 square miles; Bengal .......50.722.067 Northwest the total for the British empire is 11,391,036 Berar ........ 2,754,016 province .... 2,125,480 square miles. The total population of the empire in Bombay presi

United prov 1901 was 383,165,494. The population of the united

dency ......18,559,561 inces .......47,691,782 kingdom April 1, 1901, when the last census was | Burma.

Burma .......10,490,624 Punjab ......20,330,339 taken, was: England and Wales, 32,527,843; Scot Central prov

Baluchistan ..

308,246 land, .4,472,103; Ireland, 4,458,775; Isle of Man,

inces ....... 9,257,00

.. 9,237.654 | Andamans... 24,649 54,752; Channel islands, 95,618. Total, 41,976.827. The cities of England and Wales having more

Population of the large cities: than 100,000 population each were in 1906:

Calcutta .. ...1.026,987 Delhi ..... 208,575
Bombay ....
776.006 Lahore ........

202,964 London .......4,721,217, Bolton

180,502

Madras ... 509,346 Cawn pore. 197,170 Liverpool ..... 739,180 Cardiff

183,823
Haidarabad. 448,466 Agra ....

188,022 Manchester .... 637, 126 Sunderland .... 154,385

Lucknow .... 264,049 Ahmedabad 185,889 Birmingham ... 548,022 Oldham .....

140,969
Rangoon ....

234.881 | Mandalay .... 183,816 Leeds

463,495
Croydon

151,011

Benares ....... 209,331 Allahabad ..... 172,032 Sheffield .. 447.951

Blackburn .....

134,015 Bristol ........

363,223
Brighton ......
128.093

DOMINION OF CANADA.
West Ham..... 301,617 Preston ..... 205,118

GOVERNMENT-The Canadian parliament consists Kingston-uponNorwich ... 117,958

of 87 life senators and a house of commons of 214 Hull ...... 262,426 Birkenhead 117,292 Bradford ..... 288,544

members, there being one representative for every Gateshead .. 123.191

22,688 of population, based upon the census of Nottingham ... 234,563 Plymouth

118,014

1901. The governor-general is Earl Albert Henry Salford ........ 234,077 Derby ........ 122.981

George Grey, appointed in 1904, and the council Newcastle. 268,721 Halifax .... 109,272

is made up of the following: Premier, Sir Wilfrid Leicester .... 232,111 Southampton .117,312

Laurier; secretary of state, R. W. Scott; minister Portsmouth ... 205,118

of trade and commerce, R. J. Cartwright; minister The figures given in the above table for London 1 of justice, A. B. Aylesworth; marine and fisheries, are for the inner or registration district alone. L. P. Brodeur; railways and canals, : Including the outer belt of suburban towns, which

; militia and defense, F. W. Borden; finance, are within the metropolitan police district, the W. S. Fielding; postmaster-general, Mr. Lemieux; population of "Greater London" on the 31st of agriculture, S. A. Fisher: interior, Frank Oliver; March. 1901, was 6,581,372; estimate in July, public works, Charles S. Hyman; customs, Wil. 1906, 7,113,561.

liam Paterson; inland revenue, W. Templeman. Population of the chief cities of Scotland in 1906: The governor-general gets a salary of $50,000 a Glasgow ........835,625 | Paisley ......... 87,142

year, the premier $12,000 and the other ministers Edinburgh ......341,035 Leith .....

$7.000 each.

• 82.660 Aberdeen .......171,022

AREA AND POPULATION-The total area of Can

. 70,758 Greenock ...

| ada is 3,745,574 square miles, of which 3.619,818 Dundee .........165,007 Perth .... . 34,539

is land area. According to the fourth census, The total population of Ireland in 1901 was taken March 31, 1901, the total population is

87 life sente being ona sed upon, Albert

5,371,315. Following are the returns for several provinces: Ontario .......2,182,917 | Yukon ........

27.219 Quebec ........1,648,898 Alberta ....

72.841 Nova Scotia. ... 459,574 Saskatchewan 91, 460 New Brunswick 331,120 Keewatin ...

9,800 Manitoba ..... 255,211 Mackenzie .... 5,216 Brit. Columbia 178,657 Ungava ....

5,113 Prince Edward

Franklin ...... island ....... 103, 259

Population of the principal cities in 1901: Montreal ........267,730, Kingston .... 17,961 Toronto .........208,040 Brantford ... 16,631 Quebec ...

68, 840
Hull ......

13,988 Ottawa

59,928 Calgary ..... 12, 142 Hamilton.

52,631 Charlottetown... 12,080 Winnipeg 90,234 Sherbrooke

11,765 Halifax ... 40,832 Edmonton (1 11,534 St. John..... 40,711 Valleyfield

11,055 London ...... 37,981 Sydney ......... 9,908 Vancouver .... . 26,133 Moncton ..

9,026 Victoria ........ 20,816 | Brandon ........ 5,738

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS-The total value of the imports for the year ended June 30, 1906, was $294,267,616; exports, $256,586,630; imports from the United States (1907), $183, 206,067; exports to the United States (1907), $183,206,067.

COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA. July 9, 1900, the British parliament passed an act empowering the six provinces of Australia to form a federal union and Jan. 1, 1901, the new commonwealth was proclaimed at Sydney, N. S. W. Its first paliament was opened May 9, 1901, by the prince of Wales, heir-apparent to the British throne, acting for his father, King Edward VII. In 1903 Bombala, N. S. W., was chosen as the permanent capital.

GOVERNMENT-The federal parliament is made up of a senate of thirty-six members, six from each original state, and a house of representatives of seventy-five members, apportioned as follows: New South Wales, 26; Victoria, 23; Queensland, 9; South Australia, 7; Western Australia, 5; Tasmania, 5. The king is represented by the governor-general. He and the council of seven ministers exercise the executive power. The governorgeneral is paid a salary of $50,000 a year. The governor-general is Lord Northcote. The ministers are: Alfred Deakin, external affairs and prime minister; L. E. Groom, attorney-general; ). H. Keating, home affairs; Sir John Forrest, treasurer; William J. Lyne, trade and commerce; Thomas Ewing, defense; Austin Chapman, postmaster-general.

AREA AND POPULATION-The commonwealth has a total area of 2,972,573 square miles, divided among the states as follows: New South Wales, 310,367; Victoria, 87.884; Queensland, 668,497; South Australia, 903,690; Western Australia, 975,920; Tasmania, 26,215.

The total population of the commonwealth as enumerated March 31, 1901, was 3,771,715, divided among the states as follows: New So. Wales.1,354,846 | West. Australia 184,124 Victoria .......1,201,070 Tasmania ..... 172,475 Queensland .... 496,596 South Australia 362,601 Total .......3,771,715

The total population in December, 1905, was estimated at 1.052,878.

The population of Melbourne in 1901 was 493.956: Sydney (1900), 451,000; Adelaide (1900), 160,691, and Wellington (1899). 47.862.

EXPORTS AND IMPORTS-The total exports of the states in the commonwealth in 1906 were $348,992,000; total imports, $223,942,000. Australia in 1907 exported merchandise valued at $13,431,331 to the United States and imported merchandise worth $25,768,627.

War-Gen. Franz Schoenach.
Finance-Stephan von Rajecz.
Cabinet for Austria:

Premier and Minister of Foreign Affairs-Baron von Beck,

Interior-Baron Richard von Bienerth.
Commerce--Dr. Fort.
Finance-Herr Korytowski.
Railways-Herr Derschatta.
Instruction-Herr Marchet.
Agriculture-Count von Auersperg.
Justice-Dr. Klein.
Polish Minister-Count Dzieduszucki.
Czech Minister-Herr Pacak.
German Minister-Herr Prade.
Cabinet for Hungary:

Premier and Minister of Finance-Dr. Alexander Wekerle.

Interior-Count Julius Andrassy.
Defense-Lewis Jekelfalussy.
Worship--Count Albert Apponyi.
Commerce--Francis Kossuth.
Agriculture-Herr Daranyi.
Justice-Dr. Gunther.
Minister at Court-Count Johann Zichy.

The empire of Austria and the kingdom of Hun. gary are sovereign states, each with its own constitution, legislative bodies and system of administration, co-ordinate in rank and mutually independent within the domain of home affairs. Foreign representation (embassies and consulates), the army and navy, customs (import and export duties), and the administration of the occupied proyinces (Bosnia and Herzegovina) are, however, conducted in common. Legislation on matters affecting the interests of the dual monarchy as a whole is intrusted to the delegations-two bodies of sixty members each, chosen from among members of the two legislative chambers of Austria and Hungary respectively.

AREA AND POPULATION-Area of Austria, 115.903 square miles; of Hungary, 125.039 square miles. The population of Austria in 1901 was 26,150,597. The population of Hungary in 1901 was 19,092,292. Total population for both countries in 1901 was 45, 242,889. Largest cities of Austria: Vienna ........1.674,957 Brunn .... 109,316 Prague ........ 201,589 | Cracow ...

91,323 Lemberg ... ... 159,877 i Pilsen ...

68.079 .. 138 080 Czernowitz .... 67, 622 Trieste .... 134,143

Largest cities of Hungary: Budapest .......732,322 | Poszony ........ 65,867 Szeged .........102,991 Zagrab

61,002 Szabadka ....... 82,122 | Keeskemet ....... 57,812 Hodmezo Vasar

Arad ........

56,260 holy .......... 60,883 ' Temesvar ....... 53,033

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS-The value of the imports into the Austro-Hungarian customs territory in 1905 was $435,665,062; exports, $455, 487,241. Chief imports are cotton, coal, wool, maize, tobacco, coffee and wines; principal exports, lumber and wood manufactures, sugar, eggs, barley, lignite, malt, leather, gloves and shoes. Imports from the United States in 1907, $15, 136,185; exports to United States, $16,012,138.

Gratz .....

BELGIUM GOVERNMENT-King, Leopold II.; heir, Philippe, count of Flanders. Cabinet:

Premier and Minister of Interior-M. de Trooz.
War--Gen. Hellebaut.
Foreign Affairs-M. Davignon.
Finances-J. Liebaert.
Justice-M. Renkin,
Railroads-M. Helleputte.
Agriculture- -
Industry and Labor-Almand Hubert.
Public Works-M. Dalbeke.

AREA AND POPULATION—Total area, i1,373 square miles. Total population Dec. 30, 1900, 6,693,538; estimated population, 1905, 7.160,547. Population of the largest cities Dec. 31, 1905: Brussels (capital)604,401 | Liege ...........172,207 Antwerp ........297,311 | Ghent ..........163,059

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS—The imports in 1905 amounted to $592,188,995 and the exports to $450,

AUSTRIA-HUNGARY. GOVERNMENT-Emperor of Austria and king of Hungary, Francis Joseph I.; heir-presumptive (his nephew, son of the late Archduke Charles Louis), the Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Este.

Joint or common ministry:
Foreign Affairs-Baron von Aehrenthal.

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