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A READY-REFERENCE CALENDAR.

For ascertaining any day of the week for any given time within two hundred years from the introduction of

the New Style, *1752 to 1952 inclusive.

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Dec.

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1764 1 1792 | 1804 1 1832 I 1860 1888 1928 . .. 1734 1725 1736 1146 1768 1796 1808 1836 1864 1892 1904 1932 1512 5173514624 1772 .......... 1812 | 1840 1868 1896 1908 1936 31617131513624172 1776 1.......... | 1816 1844 1872 .......... 1912 1940 1|4| 5|13|61|41725 17 1780 .......... 1820 1848 I 1876 .......... | 1916 1944 16213614162517135 1756 1784 1824 1852 1880 .......... 1920 1948 1417146241735/13 1760 17881 1828 1856 1884 .......... 1924 1 1952 1 2 1 5 6 24 1725 1361

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NOTE-To ascertain any day of the week first look in the table for the year required and under the months are figures which refer to the corre. sponding figures at the head of the columns of days below. For example: To know on what day of the week July 4 was in the year 1895, in the table of years look for 1895, and in a parallel

line, under July, is figure 1, which directs to column 1, in which it will be seen that July 4 falls on Thursday.

*1752 same as 1772 from Jan. 1 to Sept. 2. From Sept. 14 to Dec. 31 same as 1780 (Sept. 3-13 were omitted).-This Calendar is from Whitaker's London Almanack, with some revisions.

ECLIPSES.

There will be three eclipses in 1908, and all | Florida from Cape Canaveral to Tampa and crosses of the sun, as follows:

Mexico at Mexico City. See the following table, 1. Total, Jan. 3. Visible only as a small par

for the different phases: tial eclipse near sunset in the southern and south

--Mean Time Cor. for western part of the United States. Invisible

Begins Ends Stand. T. Size, north of Omaha and east of a line from Omaha

H.M. H.M. Min. Digits through Chattanooga to St. Augustine West of

Chicago..... 8:55 a. m. 11:27 a. m. Sub. 10 7.0 this line and to one from Omaha through Salina,

St. Louis......... 8:29 a. m. 11:08 a. m Add 1 8.5

New Orleans.... 8:05 a. m. 11:10 a. m. 0 Kas., to Eagle Pass, Tex., the sun will set more

10.5

San Francisco.. 6:20 a. m. 7:52 a m. Add 10 or less eclipsed on its southern limb, and west

New York....... 9:55 a. m. 0:58 p.m. Sub. 4 8.9 of this line to one from Omaha to Phoenix, Ariz.,

Washington.... 9:27 a. m. 0:41 p. m. Add 8 the eclipse will end just before sunset. The path

Boston...........10:10 a. m. 1:15 p. m. Sub. 16 of the total phase extends from San Jose, Costa

Seattle...... .... 6:45 a. m. 7:51 am Add 9 Rica, across the Pacific through the Gilbert and

Portland, Ore.. 6:37 a. m. 7:48 a. m. Add 11 3.0 Marshall groups of islands.

Denver.......... 7:28 a. m. 9:43 a. m.

0

6.0 2. Annular, June 28. Visible as a partial Salt Lake City, 7:02 a. m. 9:01 a. m. 'Add 32 3.0 eclipse on the southern limb throughout the Unit. Guthrie, Okla.. 7:45 a. m. 10:29 a. m. Add 30 9.0 ed States except in Florida. The path of the

h of the St. Paul.......?

St. Paul...... 8:28 a. m. 11:48 a. * Add 12 6.0 annular or ring phase crosses the peninsula of Minneapolis., s :

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TAMPA.

Figure A shows the size and appearance of this eclipse as it will appear at New Orleans, southern Mississippi, central Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina (Charleston). Figure Bas at Chi California. Cas in a belt ninety miles wide from cago, Massachusetts, New York, northern Ohio, Titusville to Tampa, Fla. Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, southern Wis- | 3. Annular, Dec. 23. Invisible in North Amerconsin, Minnesota, Colorado, Utah and southern lica.

THE MONROE DOCTRINE.

ed States and those are more

mies of any hain not interfered their

The famous "Monroe doctrine" was enunciated by President Monroe in his message to congress Dec. 2, 1823. Referring to steps taken to arrange the respective rights of Russia, Great Britain and the United States on the north west coast of this continent, the president went on to say:

"In the discussions to which this interest has given rise, and in the arrangements by which they may terminate, the occasion has been deemed proper for asserting, as a principle in which the rights and interests of the United States are involved, that the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European power. * * * We owe it, therefore, to candor and to the amicable relations existing

between the United States and those powers to declare that we should consider any attempt on their part to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety. With the existing colonies or dependencies of any European power we have not interfered and shall not interfere. But with the governments who have declared their independence and maintain it, and whose independence we have, on great consideration and on just principles, acknowledged, we could not view any interposition for the purpose of oppressing them or controlling in any other manner their destiny by any European power in any other light than as the manifestation of an unfriendly disposition toward the United States.''

THE DRAGO DOCTRINE.

When in the winter of 1902-03 Germany, Britain another power, Prominence was given to the conand Italy blockaded the ports of Venezuela in attention by the fact that it was officially upheld tempt to make the latter country settle up its! by Argentina and favored by other South Amerdebts Dr. L. F. Drago, a noted jurist of Argen | ican republics. The principle embodied has betina, maintained that force cannot be used by one come generally known as the “Drago doctrine." power to collect money owing to its citizens by

EXPLOSION ON THE BATTLE SHIP JENA.

The French battle ship Jena was practically de- | the disaster was the spontaneous explosion of stroyed while in dry dock at Toulon March 12, black powder. The city in the vicinity of the dock 1907, by a series of explosions in the ammunition suffered considerably from bursting projectiles. One magazines. One hundred and three men, including child was killed and several persons were woundthe captain and a number of other officers, were ed. The Jena was completed in 1901 and cost killed and about 200 badly injured. The cause of $5,500,000.

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Jan. 2 Earth nearest sun...........

400 p.m...........

July 1 Jupiter conjunction moon. 058 p.m. 2 2 40 S 3 Total eclipse sun...

400 p.m. Invis.

1 Saturn quadrature sun.. 900 p.m. b 9000W 3 Uranus conjunction moon. 4 49 p.m. 0 0 30 S

2 Earth farthest from sun... 1 00 p.m. 4 Uranus conjunction sun.... 700a.m. Invis.

4 Venus conj. Neptune.......

100 a.m. * 250 s 1 Neptune opposition sun.... 11 00 p.m. W 180E or W

4 Mercury conjunction sun.. 400 p.m. Inferior. 5 Venus conjunction moon... 2 20 p.m. o 0 45 N

5 Venus conjunction sun..... 900 p.m. Inferior. 8 Saturn conjunction moon 7 20 a.m. b 2 57 N

7 Uranus oppositicn sun..... 500 a.m. 180 Eor W 8 Mars conjunction moon... 407 p.m. 508 N

15 Mercury conjunction Venus 800 a.m. 1 12 N 14 Mercury conjunction sun... onction sun... 500a.m. Superi'r

18 Saturn conjunction moon.. [1011 p.m.b 303 N 17 Neptune conjunction moon 3 10 a.m.lv 044 S

25 Venus conjunction moon... | 1 58 p.m. 6 10 S 19 Jupiter conjunction moon.. 8 56 a.m. 2 i 33 S

25 Mercury gr. elong. from sun 400 p.m. 19 51W 27 Mars in ascending node..... 700 a.m.

27 Venus stationary..........

1200 a.m. 29 Jupiter opposition to sun. 300 p.m. 2. 180E or W

28 Mars conjunction moon... 512 p.m. o 207 S 31 Uranus conjunction moon. 6 49 a.m. 0 0 20 S

29 Jupiter conjunction moon. 641 a.m. 2 302 3 Feb. 3 Mercury conjunction moon 0 27 a.m. 2 27 Aug. 9 Uranus conjunction moon.. 2 30 p.m. 024 N 4/Venus conjunction moon... 10 10 a.m.lo 3 48

11 Venus greatest brilliancy..] 600 p.m. 4 Saturn conjunction moon.. 902 p.m.b b 3 02 N

13 Mars conjunction Jupiter.. 800 p.m. o 024 N Mars conjunction moon...1121 a.m.

15 Saturn conjunction moon.. 552 a.m. b 2 46 N 10 Venus conjunction Saturn. 200 p.m. o 1

17 Jupiter conjunction sun.... 200 p.m. Invis. 13 Neptune conjunction moon 7 58 a.m.v 0

19 Mercury conj. Jupiter......

12 00 a.m. 102 N 13 Mercury gr. elong, E. of sun 800 a.m. 18 09 E

20 Mercury conjunction sun...] 900 a.m. Superior 14 Mercury in perihelion...... 500 a.m..

20 Mercury conjunction Mars 200 p.m. 0 0 40 N 15 Jupiter conjunction moon. 817 a.m. 2

21 Mars conjunction sun...... 12 00 a.m. lo invis. 19 Mercury stationary......... 600 a.m.

22 Venus conjunction moon...1 353 p.m.

1 5 36 S 27 Uranus conjunction moon. 6 47 p.m.

22 Neptune conjunction moon 515 p.m. W 27 Venus in ascending node... 700 p.m.

23 Venus conj. Neptune....... 500 p.m. 343 3 28 Mercury conjunction sun.. [1000 p.m. Inferior

26 Jupiter conjunction moon.. [10 33 a,m. 2 3 23 Mar. 3 Saturn conjunction moon..109 p.m. b 304 N

26 Mars conjunction moon....11 05 a.m.

321 s 5 Venus conjunction moon... | 7 29 a.m. 548 N Sept. 3 Mars in aphelion...........

110 p.m. 6 Mars conjunction moon.... 851 a.m.lo 526 N

5 Urnaus conjunction moon.. 1054 p.m. 0 0 31 N 13 Jupiter conjunction moon.. [10 06 a.m. 2 1

11 Saturn conjunction moon.. 1 45 p.m.b 233 N 20 Sun enters r spring begins. 600 p.m.....

14|Venus gr. elong. from sun.. 300

300p.m. 46 02W 20 Saturn conjunction sun.. .11 00 p.m. Invis.

19 Neptune conjunction moon 042 a.m. 207 S 26/Uranus conjunction moon. 3 19 a.m.o 01 N

21 Venus conjunction moon... 114 a.m.o 500 27 Mercury gr. elong, W.ofo 400 a.m. 27 49W

22 Uranus stationary ..........

800 a.m. 29 Mercury in aphelion........

500 a.m..........:

22 Jupiter conjunction moon. 619 p.m. a 3.45 S 29 Mercury conjunction moon 824 p.m. 2

23 Sun enters autumn begins) 500 a.m. 30 Jupiter stationary...........

800 a.m

24 Mars conjunction moon....! 521 a.m. 6 409 S 31 Saturn conjunction moon.. 504 a.m

27 Mercury conjunction moon] 743 a.m. o 7 038 1 Venus in perihelion......... 600 a.m

30 Saturn opposition sun...... 100 a m. b 180E or W 2 Quadrature Neptune sun.. [1200 p.m. W 9000 E

3 Uranus conjunction moon. 557 a.m. 8 048 N 4 Venus conjunction moon. . 723 a.m. 5 52 N

4 Mercury gr.elong. from sun 400 p.m, 25 34 E 4/Mars conjunction moon.... 7 28 a.m. o 4 15 N

6 Uranus quadrature sun....1000 a.m. 8 90 00 E 4 Venus conjunction Mars... 900 a.m. 137 N

8|Saturn conjunction moon.. 907 p.m.b 231 N 6 Quadature Uranus sun..... W p.m. 8 90 00W

9 Venus in ascending node... 1200 a.m. 9 Jupiter conjunction moon.. 454 p.m. 2 1 20 S 10 Neptune quadrature sun... 100p.m. W 9000W 14 Mercury conj. Saturn... 300 p.m. 8 0 28 S

Venus conjunction Jupiter. 1000 p.m.o 0 36 S 21 Uranus stationary...........

700 a.m...........:

16 Neptune conjunction moon] 8 36 a.m. 22 Uranus conjunction moon.] 9 12 a.m. 8 027 N

20 Jupiter conjunction moon. 11 40 a.m. 2 4 24 Jupiter quadrature suu... 11 00 p.m. 2 90 00 E

911 Venus coniunction moon...11 44 a.m.] 4 2 26 Venus gr. elong. from sun.. | 100 p.m. 45 37 E

23 Mars conjunction moon.... 0 48 a.m. 424 S 27 Saturn conjunction moon..] 650 p. b 3 12 N

28 Mercury conjunction sun..J10 00 a.m. Inferior. Mercury conjunction moon] 2 14 p. 8 5 38 N

Uranus conjunction moon.

022 p.m. 8 1 03 N Mars conjunction moon...! 552 a m.o 2 40 N

Mercury in perihelion......

300 a.m. Venus conjunction moon... 3 59 a. 0 4 15

5 Saturn conjunction moon.. 3 10 a.m. 5 Neptune conjunction moon 650 a.m. v 1 20 S

6 Mercury stationary.........

200 a.m.

.......... 7 Jupiter conjunction moon.. 4 42 a.m. 2 1 47

12) Venus in perihelion.....

500 a.m. 7 Mercury conjunction sun.. 12 00 a.m. Invis.

12 Neptune conjunction moon 458 p.m.w 2 36 s 12 Mercury in perihelion...... 400 a.m.

13 Mercury gr. elong. from sun 100 p.m. 19 19W 19 Uranusconjunction moon. 2 31 p.m. 035 N

17|Jupiter conjunction moon.. 3 42 a.m. 24 21 Venus conj. Neptune...... 700 a.m. 4 08 N

20 Venus conjunction moon...) 942 a.m.

3 25/Saturn conjunction moon.. 5 47 a.m. b 3 15 N

20 Mars conjunction moon.... 948 p.m.10 4 23/Venus greatest brilliancy.. 400 p.m.

22 Mercury conjunction moon 5 16 a.m. 1 31Mercury conjunction moon] 752 p.m. 8 0 20 N

26 Uranus conjunction moon. I 806 p.m. 8 1 ne 1 Mars conjunction moon.... 306 a.m. o 0 59 N

30/Venus conjunction Mars... 500 p.m. 1 Neptune conjunction moon] 4 27 p.m.lv 1 30 Dec. 2Saturn conjunction moon. J 811 a.m. 2 Venus conjunction moon... | 4 43 a.m. 1

4 Venus greatest hel. lat. N.. 12 00 a m. 3 Jupiter conjunction moon. 7 56 p.m. 2 2

5 Jupiter quadrature sun..... 800 p.m.

a 9000W 7Mercury conjunction Mars 10 00 a.m. O

7 Saturn stationary .......

300 p.m. 7 Mercury gr. elong.from sun 700 p.m. 23

7Mercury in descend'g node. 900 p.m. 10 Mercury conj. Neptune..... [10 00 p.m. 137 N

9 Neptune conjunction moon 201 a.m.w 2 38 S 12 Mars conjunction Neptunel 400a.m.lo 1 53 N

14 Jupiter conjunction moon.. 447 p.m. 2 4 42 S 13 Venus stationary...........

300 p.m.

18 Mercury in aphelion....... 300 a.m. 15 Uranus conjunction moon. 9 12 p.m. 8 0 33 N

19 Mars conjunction moon.... 756 p.m. o 2 58 S 17 Mercury conjunction Mars.] 700 a.m. 142 S

20 Venus conjunction moon... | 637 p.m. o 0 56 S 18 Venus in descending node.. 800 a.m.

22 Sun enters > winter begins ......... 21Mercury stationary......... 300 a.m.

23] Mercury conjunction moon 5 04 a.m. 21 Sun enters summer begins.......

23 Sun eclipsed-invisible..... 21 Saturn conjunction moon.. 2 30 p.m. b 3 13 N

23 Mercury conjunction sun.. 10 00 p.m... 22/Venus conjunction Mars... 200 p.m.o 2 05 S

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2 Uranus conjunction moon. 6 39 a.m. 8 1 25 N 28 Annular eclipse sun, visible .....

25 Saturn quadrature sun..... 200 p.m.b 90 00 E 29) Venus conjunction moon... 7 26 a.m.lo 3 37 S

29 Saturn conjunction moon.. 214 p.m. b 304 N 29 Mars conjunction moon....10 17 p.m.' 0 39 S

30 Jupiter stationary........... 12 00 p.m....... NOTE-The above positions are as seen from the center of the earth, but are sufficiently exact for all res on its surface.

:

THE PLANETS. MERCURY will be brightest:

| actually increases about sixfold under these 1. As an evening star east of the sun, Feb. changed conditions.

8-12 and Oct. 10-15, setting about 1h 15m. VENUS' PATH AMONG THE STARS-At the after the sun, being farthest east of the sun beginning of the year she will be in the first Feb. 13, 18°, and Oct. 4, 25°.

part of the constellation Capricornus and by Feb. 2. As a morning star west of the sun, March 15 she will have advanced eastward through two 18-24 and Nov. 8-15, rising about 1h. 15m. be signs, Capricornus and Aquarius. On March 10 fore the sun, being farthest west of the sun she will pass from Pisces to Aries. On April 4 March 27, 28°, and Nov. 13, 19°.

she will be in that most beautiful group, the Mercury will appear and disappear on the hori. Pleiades, or seven stars, or seven sisters, and zon not very far from the sunrise or sunset only 1° 35' south of the lucida of the grouppoints and the observer will be quite apt to be Alcyone. She moves on past and north of the right in locating him when the reddest body in Hyades, through Taurus, and when at ber brightthe vicinity where Mercury ought to be is se est, May 29, she will be two-thirds through lected. The steady red light of this planet is Gemini and only 4° south of the brilliant star not mistakable for that of another planet or the Pollux, the companion of Castor, when she will twinkling light of a star.

appear as in G. From May 29 the rate of her VENUS will be brightest as an evening star movement past the stars decreases rapidly until May 29 and as a morning star Aug. 11. At the on June 13. when she becomes stationary for a beginning of the year she will be an evening star time and then retrogrades or moves westward and so remain until July 5, after which she will past the stars back to near the western margin be a morning star the remainder of the year. of Gemini and then on July 27 becomes stationOn the 5th of July Venus will be in conjunction ary again. On Sept. 5 she enters Cancer. On with the sun (inferior); that is, she will pass | Oct. 6 she will be only about three-fourths of one directly between the earth and the sun. Venus degree south of the brilliant star Regulus, in the in the course of her orbit about the sun presents end of the handle of the sickle in Leo. On Nov. 1 all the phases of the moon to us of the earth. she crosses the equinoctial colure and enters the

These phases are easily seen by the aid of a constellation Virgo. On Nov. 20 she will be only small telescope or good field glass, as in the an 3° to the north of the brilliant star Spica. Sire nexed figures:

will enter Libra Nov. 15 and Scorpio Dec. 20.

During the closing days of the year she will be Towards the Sun

a close companion to the red star Antares. She N

will then have completed the circuit of the 20Phases

diac lacking about one and one-half signs. See

table of planets for time of rising and setting. of

MARS does not reach his greatest brilliancy in 1908. He will not again be near enough to be conspicuous until the latter part of 1909, when he will be a little nearer than in 1907, after which he becomes dimmer and dimmer at each succeeding opposition for fifteen years. He is an evening star until Aug. 22 and after that a morli

ing star. See the following table for his place Venus

in the zodiac each month and the planetary table for his rising and setting.

JUPITER will be brightest Jan. 29. This is As seen in the Morn

As seen in the Eve.

the time when all superior planets are brightest.

Then they are directly opposite the sun (**opposiA-Fifteen days after superior conjunction, or May tion"), rising at sunset, setting at sunrise and 5, 1909.

passing the meridian at midnight. Jupiter retroB-At greatest elongation west, Sept. 14, 1908. grades or moves backard (westward) until March C-When brightest as a morning star, Aug. 11, 29, then advances the remainder of the year, De1908.

ing in Cancer until Sept. 10, and after that in D–Just after inferior conjunction, or July 15, 1908. Leo On Sept. 5 he will be very close to the E-Fifteen days before superior conjunction, April brilliant Regulus, being only one-third of one 20, 1909. '

degree north of that star. See table of planets F-At greatest elongation east, April 26, 1908.

for rising and setting. Jupiter will be an evenG-When brightest as an evening star, May 29, ing star until Aug. 17, then a morning star to 1908.

Dec. 5, and then again an evening star the balH-Just before inferior conjunction, June 25, 1904. ance of the year.

The great difference in the apparent size or SATURN will be brightest Sept. 30 as an evendiameter of the Venus in A and E as compared ing star. He begins the year as an evening star with D and H is because of the vastly greater and so continues until March 20; then a morning distance she is from us at her superior conjunc star until July 1, then an evening star the retion. When seen as a crescent as D or H she mainder of the year. He is in an uninteresting will be nearer to us by nearly the diameter of quarter of the heavens among the stars of Aquathe earth's orbit than when appearing as A or E. rius and Pisces. When she appears like D or H she will be only URANUS will be brightest July 7. being only about 25,000,000 miles from us and when like barely visible to the naked eye when brig' t st. A or E she will be 160,000,000 miles distant or NEPTUNE will be brightest Jan. 5 and then about six times as far. Her apparent diameter | invisible except with the aid of a good telescope. SITUATION OF THE PLANETS FOR THE SUNDAYS: ALSO THE MOON'S POSITION FOR THE YEAR.

tamars does ill not ha datter part in 1907at eacn

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Venus B

Venus

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Lowest ():

2-30

Coco

corazon

Highest (n).... 16
Descend'g node (0) 4-31
Ascending node () 17

1-28

15 11-28

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For

For
Compar. Right Declina meridian rising and
ΝΑ Μ Ε.
Constellation ogroup. ative ascension. tion. passage. setting.
bright-

Mt. time, Mt. time

ness. II. M. Deg. Min H. M. H. M. Alpheratz... Andromeda.. 2.1 001 +28 35

0 03 7 57 Caph (Var.). Cassiopeia ...

0 04 +58 39 0 04 Algenib.... Pegasus.......

0 (8 Schedir.... Cassiopeia....

0 Diphda

Cetus (whale Gamma.. Cassiopeia..

0 Mirach....

Andromeda. Caph (Pole

Ursa Major.. Sheretan.

Aries (T)..... Almaach.

Andromeda..
Hamel

Aries (ram)
Mira (Var.)
Cetus ( whale)

5 35 Menkar....

Cetus (wuale Algol (Var. Perseus ......

9 12 Mafok. Perseus.......

1.9 Alcyone... Pleiades in 8. 3.1

3 Aldebaran Hyades in 8...

1.0 Capella.

Auriga.......
Rigel....
Orion.......

0.3 El Nath

Taurus (8). Mintaka..

Orion (belt). Al Nilam..

Orion (mid. o
Siph......

Orion ..
Betelguese..
Orion.. ....

5 Menkalina

Auriga..... Al Hena.

Gemini (. Sirius

Canis Major. Adara..

Canis Major.. Castor..

Gemini . Procyon..

Canis Minor.. Pollux..

Gemini (x).. Beta.....

Cancer ( Alphani... Hydra..

9 Regulus. Leo (2)

10 Dubhe... Ursa Major

10 Denebola. Leo (2).....

11

6 55 Spica,..... Virgo (mp)..

5 24 Arcturus. Bootes......

14

7 15 Alpha... Libra (-)....

14 46

5 04 Kochab.. Ursa Minor ..

14 51 Albecca.. Northern Crown..

7 48 Unuk.... Serpent Bearer

6 25 Antares.. Scorpio ( m)......

4 18 Rutilicus Hercules.....

16 Etamin

Dragon....... Vega.

Lyra (harp). Altair

Aquila (eagle). Alpha

Capricorn (7) Deneb..

Cygnus (swan).. Alderam

Cephus... .. Beta.

Aquarius (-) Enif,.. Pegasus.......

21 36

6 34 Markab. Pegasus.....

23 00 +14 43 22 56

6 54 Iota... Pisces (X)......

23 35
15 08
23 31

6 18 Explanation-To ascertain when any star or l'stars marked in the last column are circonstellation will be on the upper meridian add the

cum polar and neither rise nor set in the latitude

of Chicago. numbers opposite in the column "For meridian

To tell how high up from the nearest point of passage to the figures in the column "Sidereal

the horizon a star will be at its meridian pasnoon" in the calendar pages. Note whether the sage subtract the declination of the star from figures be "morn" or "eve."'* If "morn" and the 906. If the result is less than the latitude of sum be more than twelve hours the result will be the place of the observer that star will neither evening of the same day. If "eve" and the rise nor set, but is circumpolar, and the differsum be more than twelve hours the result will be ence between that result and the latitude show's morning of the next day. Having found the the star's altitude above the north point of the time of meridian passage, for the rising subtract horizon or below the southern horizon. Thus, and for the setting add the numbers opposite the (900 - dec) - lat. = alt. or elevation of the name of the star in the column headed “For star above the nearest point of the horizon at rising and setting,” observing the directions as meridian passage, for stars of a south declina. to "morn" and "eve" as given above. Those ! tion. Examples: Sidereal noon, November 5, 900 p. m.

1 20 p. m. Antares in meridian” col. add 16 20

Add 4 18 25 20

538 p. m. = time of setting. Subtract 24 00

1 20 p. m.

Subtract 4 18 in rising and setting col.

1 20 p. m. of the 6th *Light or dark.

meridian passage.

9 02 a. m.=time of rising. Declination of Antares = 26° north; therefore keep in mind that one-third of the distance from 900 - 26° = 64° -42° = 22° = the altitude zenith to horizon = 30°. For smaller measure. of Antares in lat. of Chicago at the time of the ments use the "pointers" in the “Big Dipper," meridian passage of that star.

which are nearly 5° apart-a convenient celestial To measure celestial distances with the eye unit and always above the horizon. The "Yard

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