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STATES AND TERRITORIES.
Tho following table gives the capitals, governors, their salaries and terms of office and data regarding the state legislatures.
STATES AND TERRITORIES,
The following table gives valuable historical data as to the states and territories, their area, population and electoral vote.
THE NEW STATE OF OKLAHOMA.
DIGEST OF CONSTITUTION.
The qualified electors of the state shall be male citizens of the United States, male citizens of the state and male persons of Indian descent who are over 21 years of age, who have resided in the state one year, in the county six months and in the election precinct thirty days. Felons,, paupers, inmates of prisons and insane persons are excluded. Women are qualified to vote at schooldistrict elections.
INITIATIVE AND REFERENDUM.
Legislative authority shall be vested in a legislature, but the people reserve to themselves the power to propose laws and amendments to the constitution and to enact or reject the same at the polls independent of the legislature and also reserve power at tiieir own option to approve or reject at the polls any act of the legislature.
Eight per cent of the legal voters shall have the right to propose any legislative measure and 15 per cent of the legal voters shall have the right to propose amendments to the constitution by petition. A referendum may be ordered, except as to laws necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health or safety, either by petition signed by 5 per cent of the legal voters or by the legislature as other bills are enacted. The veto power of the governor shall not extend to measures voted on by the people. The powers of the initiative and referendum are also reserved to the legal voters of every county and district as to local legislation or action.
Senate—The senate shall consist of 44 members,
elected for four years. House—The house of representatives shall consist
of 109 members, elected for two years. Sessions—The sessions are to he biennial. The
first session is limited to 160 da vs. Sessions
begin on the first Tuesday after the first Monday
The executive authority of the state shall be vested in a governor, lieutenant-governor, secretary of state, state auditor, attorney-general, slate treasurer, superintendent of public instruction, state examiner and inspector, chief mine Inspector, commissioner of labor, commissioner of
charities and corrections and commissioner of insurance. The term of office is four years and the governor, secretary, auditor and treasurer are not eligible Immediately to succeed themselves.
The judicial power of the state shall be vested In the senate, sitting as a court of impeachment, a supreme court, district courts, county courts and such other courts as may be established by law. The Supreme court shall consist of five judges elected for six-year terms. The state Is divided into twenty-one judicial districts. In each of which a district judge is elected except that in the 13th district two are elected. The term of a district judge is four years.
IMPEACHMENT AND REMOVAL.
The governor and other elective state officers. including the justices of the Supreme court, shall be liable to impeachment for willful neglect of duty, corruption In office, habitual drunkenness, incompetency or any offense involving moral turpitude committed while In office. All elective officers not liable to impeachment shall be subject to removal from office In such manner and for such causes as may be provided by law. The house of representatives shall present all impeachments and the senate, with the chief justice presiding, shall act as a court of impeachment.
Every railroad, car or express company shall each receive and transport without delay or discrimination each other's cars, loaded or empty, and passengers under such regulations as shall be prescribed by law or any commission created for that purpose. All oil-pipe companies shall be subject to the reasonable control and regulation of the corporation commission, to which telephone and telegraph lines are also subject in the same manner. No public-service corporation shall consolidate with any other like corporation having under Its control a parallel or competing line except by enactment of the legislature upon the recommendation of the cor[>oration commission. The legislature, however, shall never enact any law permitting any public-service corporation to consolidate with any other public-service corporation organized under the laws of any other state or of the United States owning or controlling a parallel or competing line in the state. The giving of passes by railroad or transportation companies Is forbidden except in the case of employes and other specified persons.
A corporation commission is <rrated lo he composed of three persons, i elected by the people for j terms of six years. The' commission shall have f power to supervise and control all transportation and . transmission companies in the state in all matters relating to the performance of their public duties and their charges therefor and of correcting abuses am" preventing unjust discrimination and extortion by such companies: and to that end the commission shall from time to time prescribe and enforce such rates, charges, classification of charges and rules and regulations and shall require the companies to establish and maintain until amended all such (First governor of Okla
transportation of passengers. The corporation commission may. however, exempt those roads which submit prodf that they cannot earn a just compensation for the services rendered by them to the public if not permitted to charge more than 2 cents a mile.
No corporation shall issue stock except for money, labor done or property actually received to the amount of the par value thereof and all fictitious increase of stock or indebtedness shall be void.
No corporation doing business in the state shall be permitted to influence elections or official duty by contributions of money or anything of value.
Every license issued or charter granted to a mining or public-service corporation, foreign or domestic, shall contain a stipulation that such corporation will submit any difference It may have with employes in reference to labor to arbitration.
The selling by firms or corporations of commodities at a lower rate In one locality than in another for the purpose of creating a monopoly or for destroying competition is prohibited.
TAXATION AND EDUCATION.
The articles in the constitution dealing with revenue and taxation, state and school lands, homestead and exemptions and education are in general similar to those in other states. Separate schools are to be provided for white and negro children. Attendance at"school of all children between the ages of 8 and 16 years for at least three months in the year is compulsory. Textbooks are to be uniform. The elements of agriculture, horticulture, stock feeding and domestic science are to be taught in the common schools.
BANKS AND BANKING.
General laws shall be enacted by the legislature for the creation of a banking department to be under the control of a bank commissioner, who shall be appointed by the governor. The legal rate of interest shall be 6 per cent per annum, but by contract a rate not to exceed 10 per cent may be agreed upon.
Municipal corporations shall not be created by special but by general laws and every corporation now existing shall continue with its present rights and powers until otherwise provided by law. The powers of the initiative and referendum are reserved to the people of every municipal corporation. No municipal corporation shall ever grant, extend or renew a franchise without the approval of a majority of the qualified electors residing within its limits and no franchise shall be granted, extended or renewed for more than twenty-five years.
Eight hours shall constitute a day*s work in all cases of employment by the state or any county or municipality.
The contracting of convict labor is prohibited.
The employment of children under the age of 15 years in any occupation injurious to health or morals or especially hazardous to life or limb is prohibited. .
A special census of the Inhabitants of Indian Territory and the territoryxif Oklahoma was taken by the federal bureau of the census as of July 1, 1907. The returns showed that Oklahoma had a population of 733.062 and Indian Territory 681,115. or a combined population of 1,414,177. The population of Indian Territory in 1907 and 1900 by nations was as follows:
Cherokee nation 140.415 101.754
Chickasaw nation ■ 191.655 139,260
Choctaw nation 182.066 99.781
Creek nation 144,457 40,674
Seminole nation 13,367 3,786
Reservations 9,155 6.S05
The following table gives the population of the new state by sex, color and age:
Sex. No. Pet
Males 752,402 53.2
Sex and age.
6 to 20 years 248,729
21 years and over 379,568
5 vears and under 120,214 8.5 69.813
6 to 20 years 242.930 17.2 138.724
21 years and over 298,631 21.1 158,543
Total population 1,414.177 100.0 790,391 100.0
♦Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent.
POPULATION OF PRINCIPAL CITIES IN 1907.
Ardmore 8.759 I Muskogee 14,418
Chickasha 7.862 McAlester 8,144
El Reno 5.370 Oklahoma City 32,452
Enid 10,087 Shawnee 10.955
Guthrie 11,652 Tulsa 7,298
Lawton 5,562 I
PRINCIPAL SEAPORTS OF THE WORLD.
Port. Year. Entered. Cleared.
Aden 1905 2,979,028 2,978,694
Alexandria 1904 3,207,991 3,201,472
Antwerp 1905 9,861,528 9,800.149
Baltimore 1906 1.496,194 1,593,199
Barcelona 1904 1,914,304 1,320.128
Bilbao 1904 1,987,924 1,951,006
Bombay 1905 1,657,241 1,416,613
Bordeaux 1906 1,111,913 677,935
Boston 1906 3,060,202 2.334,917
Bremen 1905 2,848,537 2.782.630
Buenos Aires 1904 4,100,048 3,370,389
Calcutta 1905 1,751,455 1,658,251
Cape Town 1905 3,353,699 3,064.273
Cardiff 1905 4,337,720 7,476,879
Colombo 1905 5.179,045 6.139.749
Copenhagen 1905 2.625,348 2,766.596
Dunkirk 1906 1,631,088 1,107.262
Galveston 1906 1,224,046 1,438,741
Genoa 1905 4,079,957 5.117.641
Gibraltar 1906 4,118.495 4.108,021
Glasgow 1905 1,635,609 2,836,402
Hamburg 1905 9,417,449 9.525,418
Havana 1905 2.273,936 2,223,729
Havre 1906 3,070,282 2,338,742
Hongkong 1905 9,899,049 9,879.127
Hull 1905 2,546,064 2,102,160
Kobe 1905 4,131,152 4,115,487
Jtronstadt 1905 1,585,841 1,548,193
NONCONTIGUOUS POSSESSIONS OF THE UNITED STATES.
THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS.
The Philippine islands were ceded to the United States by Spain Dec. 10, 1898. Maj.-Gten. Merritt was the first military governor. He was succeeded in August, 1899, by Maj.-Gen. E. S. Otis, who in turn was followed in May, 1900, by Maj.-Gen. Arthur MacArthur. The last named remained in office until July 4, 1901, when the military authority was transferred to Gen. A. It. Chaffee. By order of the president Gen. Chaffee was relieved of his duties as military governor July 4, 1902, and the office terminated. The Philippine -commission was at the same time made the superior authority. Sept. 2 the islands were divided into three military departments, to be known as the de-partment of Luzon, the department of Visayas and the department of Mindanao.
July 1, 1902, congress passed an act providing temporarily for the government of the Philippines, providing for the election by popular vote, two years after a census of the islands* had been taken and published, of delegates to an assembly, consisting of not more than 100 members nor less than fifty, apportioned among the provinces as nearly as possible according to population. This assembly should, together with the Philippine commission appointed by the president of the United States, exercise the legislative power heretofore exercised by the commission alone, the members of the commission acting as an upper house and the elected assemblymen as a lower house. The members of the assembly were to hold office two years and annual sessions of the legislature not exceeding ninety days In length were to be held.
The first election was held July 30, 1907, when Eighty members of the legislature were chosen, the total vote being 97,803. The first session was formally opened Oct. 16 by William H. Taft. United States secretary of war, the first civil governor of the islands after they came into American possession. Sergio Osmena was elected president.
Officials And Salaries—The Philippine commission consisted in October, 1907. of James F. Smith of California, Prof. Dean C. Worcester of Michigan, W. Morgan Shuster of the District of Columbia, W. Cameron Forbes of Massachusetts and Trinidad Pardo de Tavera. Benito Legarda and Jose R. Luzuriaga of the Philippines. The officers in 1907 were:
Governor-General—James F. £mlth.
Vice-Governor and Secretary of Commerce and Police—Vacancy.
Secretary Interior Department—Dean C. Worcester.
Secretary Public Instruction—W. M. Shuster,
Executive Secretary—Arthur W. Fergusson.
Acting Auditor—William H. Clarke.
Treasurer—Frank A. Branagan.
Superintendent of Education—David P. Barrows.
Director-General of Posts—C. M. Cotterman.
Collector of Customs—George R. Colton.
Chief Justice Supreme Court—Cayetano Areliano.
The governor receives $1:0,000 a year ($15,000 as governor-general) and the other American commissioners receive $15,500 each ($10,500 being for their services as heads of departments). The Filipino commissioners get $7,500 each, none of them being at the head of a department. The salaries of other leading officials are: Executive secretary. $9,000: assistant executive secretary. $6,000; auditor, $6,000; collector of customs, $6,000; attorney-general $6,000; chief justice Supreme court, $10,500; associate justices, $10,000; superintendent of public education, $6,000: director-general of posts, $6,000; treasurer, $7,000.
Area And Population—The total land and water area of the Philippine archipelago is 832.908 square miles and the population 7,035,436.
Products And Climate—The chief products are hemp, sugar, coffee, tobacco leaf, copra, cigars and indigo. Between 600,000 and 70(1,000 bales of hemp are exported annually.
The climate of the Philippine islands is considered excellent for the tropics. The mean temper
ature im Manila ranges from 77 in January to 83 in May. June, July. August and September are the rainy months; March, April and May the hot and dry, and October, November, December, January and February the temperate and dry.
Trade With The United States—The shipments of merchandise from the United States to the Philippines in the fiscal year "uded June 30, 1907. amounted in value to $8,661,424, as compared with $5,459,444 in 1006. The principal articles sent were: Breadstuffs, $519,380; cotton manufactures, $1,646,299; iron and steel manufactures. $2,019,790; spirits, wines and liquors, $103,134: wood and manufactures of wood, $231,849. The imports amounted in value to $11,510,438, as compared with $12,337,927 in 1906. The principal articles imported were: Unmanufactured manila, $10,770,622; straw hats, $57,843; sugar, $442,092; tobacco, $8,412.
Imports And Exroirrs—The total imports of the Philippine islands in the calendar year 1906 amounted to $26.403.70S; total exports, $32,642,892. Of the exports $13,023,352 went to Europe and $6,325,008 to Asiatic countries.
POPULATION* OF THE PHILIPPINES.
[Census taken in 1903.]
Province Or Com And A Nci A.*
Negros Occidental.. Negros Oriental. ..
Nueva Eclja ....
Nueva A i/.caya
•Comandancia is Spanish for military district. At the date of the census the civil organization had not been extended to all parts of the archipelago and certain districts were therefore returned as comandancias which have since become civil districts. fSubprovince of Tayabas. ^Exclusive of subprovince of Marinduque.