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PUGILISM.

Following Is a list of the most noteworthy ring battles In the United States since 1882, the heavyweight championship contests being first given:. Date. Winner. Loser. Place. Rounds.

Feb. 7, 1882 John L. Sullivan Paddy Ryan Mississippi City <-. 9

July 8, 1889 John L. Sullivan Jake Kilrain Richburg, Miss 76

Jan. 14, 1891 Bob Fitzsimmons Jack Dempsey New Orleans, La 13

Sept. 7, 1892 James J. Corbett John L. Sullivan New Orleans, La 21

Jan. 25, 1896 James J. Corbett Charles Mitchell Jacksonville, Fla 3

Feb. 21, 1896 Bob Fitzsimmons Peter Maher Mexico 1

March 17, 1897 Bob Fitzsimmons James J. Corbett Carson City, Nev 14

June 9, 1899 James J. Jeffries Bob Fitzsimmons Coney Island, N. Y 11

Nov. 3, 1899 James J. Jeffries Thomas J. Sharkey Coney Island, N. Y 26

Nov. 15, 1901 James J. Jeffries Gus Ruhlin San Francisco, Cal 6

July 25, 1902 James J. Jeffries Bob. Fitzsimmons San Francisco, Cal 8

Aug. 14, 1903 James J. Jeffries James J. Corbett San Francisco, Cal 10

Aug. 26, 1904 James J. Jeffries Jack Monroe San Francisco, Cal 2

July 4, 1897 Tommy Burns Bill Squires San Francisco, Cal 1

July 17, 1907 Jack Johnson Bob Fitzsimmons Philadelphia, Pa 2

April 30, 1901 Terry McGovern Oscar Gardner San Francisco, Cal 4

May 31, 1901 Terry McGovern Herrera San Francisco, Cal 5

Nov. 28, 1901 Young Corbett Terry McGovern Hartford, Conn 2

Feb. 22, 1902 Terry McGovern Dave Sullivan Louisville, Ky 16

May 23, 1902 Young Corbett Kid Broad Denver, Col 10

March 31, 1903 Young Corbett Terry McGovern San Francisco, Cal ,_.ll

July 4, 1903 George Gardner Jack Root Buffalo, N. Y 12

Nov. 25, 1903 Bob Fitzsimmons George Gardner San Francisco, Cal 20

Feb. 29. 1904 Young Corbett Dave Sullivan San Francisco, Cal 51

March 25, 1904 Jimmy Britt Young Corbett San Francisco, Cal 20

July 29, 1904 Battling Nelson Eddie Hanlon San Francisco. Cal 19

Feb. 28. 1905 Battling Nelson Young Corbett San Francisco, Cal 9

Sept. 9, 1905 Battling Nelson Jimmy Britt Colma, Cal 18

Sept. 3, 1906 Joe Gans Battling Nelson Goldfleld, Nev 42

Jan. 1, 1907 Joe Gans Kid Herman Tonopah. Nev 8

July 31, 1907 Jimmy Britt Battling Nelson San Francisco, Cal 20

Sept. 9, 1907 Joe Gans Jimmy Britt San Francisco, Cal 6

LAWN TENNIS. WESTERN CHAMPIONSHIPS. In a tournament for the tennis championship of the west at the Onwentsia club courts, Lake Forest. III., July 27-Aug. 3, Nat Emerson of Cincinnati defeated L. H. Waidner in the singles by 6-4. 2-6, 6-1. 6-3. Kreigh Collins, holder of the title, formally defaulted the championship to Mr. Emerson. Miss Carrie Neely won the women's singles from Mrs. Williams, 7-5, 6-3. In the men's doubles Haekett and Alexander defeated John C. Neely and Nat Emerson, 6-4. 4-6, 6-1, 6-1. In the finals of the women's doubles the Misses Neely and Steever won from Mrs. Williams and Miss Wimer, 6 2, 6-3. In the final round of the mixed doubles Miss Steever and Dr. Lee defeated Mrs. Williams and Mr. Forstall. 4-6, 8-6, 6-1.

NORTHWESTERN CHAMPIONSHIPS. The northwestern tennis championship tournament of 1907 took place at Lake Minnetonka, Minn., during the week of Aug. 5-10. In singles L. Harry Waidner of Chicago won first honors by defeating Nat Emerson in three sets out of five, 1-6. 6-3, 2-6. 6-3. 6-4. In the doubles Waidner and Emerson defeated Northrup and Burton 13-11, 6-2. 6-4.

EASTERN CHAMPIONSHIPS.

W. A. Larned and W. J. Clothier of Philadelphia won the title to the eastern doubles championship at tennis Aug. 10. 1907, on the courts of the Longwood Cricket club, Boston, bv defeating W. C. Grant and H. L. Westfall of 'New York, 6-4, 6-1. 5-7, 6-4 In ttie final round of the singles Clarence Hobart of Boston defeated Robert Le Roy of New York, thereby winning the right to challenge W. A. Larned for the Longwood cup. He preferred, however, to default and the cup became the permanent property of Mr. Larned, he having won it three times.

NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS. Singles—In the national tennis tournament for the championship in singles played on the Casino courts at Newport, R. I., beginning Aug. 20. 1907, William A. Larned of Annapolis. Md.. won by defeating Robert Le Roy of New York, 6-2. 6-2, 6 4. As William J. Clothier, the winner in 1906. defaulted. Larned won the championship title and permanent possession of the association trophy.

Doubles—F. B. Alexander and H. H. Haekett, representing the west, won the first match for the lawn tennis doubles championship of the United States Aug. 16, 1907, on the grounds of the Crescent Athletic club, Brooklyn, N. Y., by defeating William J. Clothier and William A. Larned, the eastern champions. Score, 6-3. 6-0, 6-4. Aug. 17 on the same grounds they defeated Bryan H. Grant and Nat Thornton, champions of the south, by a score of 6-2, 6-1, 6-1. Holcombe Ward and Beals C. Wright, holders of the national championship, failed to defend their title and It went to Haekett and Alexander by default.

MIDDLE WEST CHAMPIONSHIPS.

In the middle west championship tennis tournament at Omaha, Neb.. Aug. 19-22. 1907, Charles S. Peters of Chicago defeated Dr. Whitney, the Colorado champion, by a score of 6-0, 6-3 and 7-6 In the finals of the singles. In the doubles C. S. Peters and W. T. Hayes defeated C. Potter and L. McCounell, 6-1, 6 1, 6-2.

TRISTATE CHAMPIONSHIPS.

In the tristate tennis championship tournament at Cincinnati Sept. 2-7, 1907. Robert Le Tioy of New York won the singles by defeating R. C. Seaver of Massachusetts 8-6, 6-8, 6-2, 6-0. As Beals C. Wright, holder of the championship title, did not appear to contest for the honor, Le Roy became the tristate champion for 1907-1908. In the women's singles Miss May Sutton of California defeated Miss Martha Klnsey of Cincinnati, 6-1, 6-1. In the finals of the men's doubles Nat Emerson and R. D. Little won. defeating Robert Le Roy and Irving Wright, 5-7. 7-5. 3-6, 6-2. 6-2. In the women's doubles the victors were the Misses Cowing and Klnsey. whose opponents In the finals were the Misses Kruse and Greed.

WOMEN'S CHAMPIONSHIPS.

Miss Evelyn Sears of Boston won the women's singles championship of the United States July 2 1907, by defeating in the final round of the national tournament at St. Martin's, Philadelphia, Miss Carrie B. Neely of Chicago by a score of 2 sets to 0. Summary of the tournament:

Women s singles, final round—Miss Evelyn Sears Boston, defeated Miss Carrie B. Neely, Chicago, 6-3, 6-2.

Championship round—Miss Evelyn Sears, Boston challenger, defeated Miss Helen Homans. New York, holder, by default.

Mixed doubles, final round—Miss May Sayres and Wallace F. Johnson, Morion Cricket club, defeated Miss Natalie Wildey, Plainfield, N. J., and W. M. Tilden, Philadelphia. 6-1, 7-5.

Women's doubles, final round—Miss Neely and Miss Wimer defeated the Misses Wildey 6-1, 2-6, 6-4.

INTERNATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS.

In the All England tennis championship games at Wimbledon June 26-July 5. Norman E. Brookes and A. F. Wilding of Australia defeated Beals C. Wright and Karl H. Behr, Americans, in the doubles, 6-4, 6 4, 6-2. In the mixed doubles Beals C. Wright and Miss Sutton beat A. D. Prebble and Miss Boothby, 6-1, 6-3. In the men's singles Norman E. Brookes of Australia defeated A. W. Gore, the English ex-champion, by a score of 6-4, 6-2, 6-2.

In the women's singles May Sutton of California defeated Miss Wilson of England in the finals, 6-4, 6-2, and In the challenge round regained the championship of England by defeating Mrs. Lambert Chambers, 6-1, 6-4. Miss Sutton while in Europe also won the Kent championship and the Welsh championship.

The Davis cup, the International trophy, was won by Brookes and Wilding of Australia in July, they taking three out of four single matches as against one double and one single match to the credit of

A. W. Gore and H. R. Barrett, who represented the united kingdom.

In the international tennis tourney at Niagaraon-the-Lake, Ont., Aug. 27-31, 1907, Irving Wright of Boston won the singles challenge round by a score of 6-2, 6-3, 6-1, from Mr. Foulkes of Ottawa. In the doubles Wright and Nlles defeated Chase and Kirkover, 6-2, 6-1, 6-3. In the women's singles May Sutton defeated Miss Rotch of Boston.

ILLINOIS CHAMPIONSHIPS.

The annual championship tennis tournament of Illinois was held on the courts of the Aztec Tennis club, Chicago, July 13-20, 1907. In the singles Carr Neel won from Charles S. Peters, 6-4, 6-3. 2-6, 6 3, and in the challenge match defeated L. H. Waidner, holder of the championship, 6-2, 6-3, 5-7, 6-4. In the final round'of the women's singles Miss Carrie

B. Neely defeated Mrs. Robert Williams, 6-0, 1-6, 6-2. 6-2. In the challenge match Miss Neely defeated Miss Miriam Steever, 8-6, 3-6, 6-2. In the men's doubles Waidner and Ross were victors over Byford and Gardner by the score of 6-2. 6-3, 3-6, 6-3. In the mixed doubles Miss Steever and Dr. Lee beat Miss McConnell and Mr. Kellogg by default.

WISCONSIN CHAMPIONSHIPS. R. J. Crozier of Philadelphia won the Wisconsin state tennis championship Aug. 17, 1907. by defeating Robert McMynn of Milwaukee in the final round of the singles by 6-4, 6-0 and 6-2. Waldemar Hiid Henry Henholz won the doubles by defeating Thornton Green and T. E. Watson, 0-6, 6-4, 6 2, 6-3.

IOWA CHAMPIONSHIPS.

C. S. Peters of Chicago defeated Scribner of Omaha in the finals of the Iowa state tennis tournament Aug. 10, 1907. by a score of 6-1, 6-4 and 6-2, but on account of fatigue was obliged to default to the holder of the championship title, W. T. Hayes of Toledo, Iowa. Peters and Bradley were the victors in the doubles.

COURT TENNIS.

Jay Gould of New York won the British amateur court tennis May 4, 1907, defeating Eustace H. Miles, holder of the title, by 3-2. The scores were 6-4, 3-6. 1-6, 6-2, 6-4.

Jay Gould retained his title as court tennis champion of America .by defeating Joshua Crane, Jr.. of Boston at the Boston Tennis and Racquet club March 23, 1907, by a score of 6-1, 4-6, 6-2.

WRESTLING.

Frank Gotch retained his title of champion catcha-s-catch-can wrestler of America by defeating John Rooney, the Chicago policeman, at the Coliseum, Chicago. March 14, 1907. He won the first fall with a toe hold In 19:20 and the second in 17:40 with a grapevine and hammer lock.

SWIMMING.
CHICAGO WATER MARATHON.

Leslie Chiville won the Chicago "water Marathon," or three-mile swimming race, over the Lake View course Aug. 17, 1907, with S. Jensen second and B. Shoemaker third. Summary:

Elapsed

Swimmer. Start. Finish, time.

L. Chiville, C. Y. M. C. A..1:21:05 2:38:05 1:17:00

S. Jensen, Illinois A. C 1:21:05 2:39:26 1:18:21

B. Shoemaker. First Reg....1:21:05 2:54:22 1:33:17 R. C. Thompson, unattached.l:21:05 2:55:10 1:34:05 H. I. Larson, C. Y. M. C. A.1:21:05 3:05:45 1:44:40 F. J. Ragan, Walker Beach.l:21:05 3:09:45 1:48:40 P. Heldwick. Barry B. S. A.1:21:05 3:24:53 2:03:48 George Remus, C. A. A 1:21:05 3:27:50 2:06:45

MISSISSIPPI RIVEH MARATHON.

H. J. Handy of Chicago won the Mississippi river Marathon swimming race at St. Louis, Mo., Sept. 2, 1907, making the distance in 1:40:04. A. N. Goessling and Gwynn Evans of the Missouri Athletic club were second and third respectively, the former finishing 200 yards and the latter 400 yards behind Handy.

CENTRAL AMATEUR ATHLETIC UNION CHAMPIONSHIPS.

The Central Amateur Athletic union's championship swimming contests took place in Chicago Aug. 24. 1907. The swimmers representing the Chicago Athletic association made twenty-four points to fourteen for the Illinois Athletic club. H. J. Handy, unattached, made twenty points. Summaries: 100 yards—Won by F. A. Bornamann, C. A. A.;

H. J. Hebner, I. A. C, second; J. J. Mehlem, I.

A. C, third. Time, 1:07%. 220 yards—Won by H. J. Handy; H. A. Wampler,

C. A. A., second; R. E. Edwards, I. A. C, third.

Time. 2:57. 440 yards—Won by H. J. Handy; R. T. Laughlin,

C. A. A., second; A. Jaeger, I. A. C, third.

Time, 6:53%. 880 yards—Won by H. J. Handy; G. W. Gaidzik,

C. A. A., second; A. Jaeger, I. A. C, third.

Time, 14:20%. 1 mile—Won by H. J. Handy; S. C. Jensen, I. A.

C. second; E. P. Swatek, I. A. C, third. Time,

31:00. 100 yards, back stroke—Won by H. Olsen, Central

Y. M. C. A.; E. P. Swatek. I. A. C, second; R.

Thome. C. A. A., third. Time. 1:23%. Fancy diving—Won by George Gaidzik, C. A. A.;

F. A. Bornamann, C. A. A., second; R. Thorne,

C. A. A., third. Score, 51 2-3 points. , 50 yards open—Won by Frank A. Bornamann, C.

A. A.; E. Durand. C. A. A., second; W. S. Mer

rlam, L A. C, third. Time, :26%.

NATIONAL SWIMMING CHAMPIONSHIPS. The national swimming championship contests at the Jamestown exposition July 26, 1907, resulted as follows:

SENIOR EVENTS.

1 mile—Won by H. J. Handy, unattached; E. E. Weuck, New York A. C, second; J. W. Spencer, New York A. C. third. Time, 29:20%.

50 yards—Won by C. M. Daniels, New York A. C; J. W. Lawrence, New York A. C. second; Roy Nelson, Baltimore A. C, third. Time. :26%.

200 yards, breast stroke—Won by H. J. Handy, unattached; J. Stein, second; V. P. Goodwin, New York A. C, third. Time. 3:17%.

220 yards—Won by C. M. Daniels, New York A. C.; L. B. Goodwin, New York A. C. second; C. D. Trubenbach, New York A. C, third. Time, 3:13%.

JUNIOR EVENTS.

•880 yards—C. C. Mengel, Yale, and George Gaidzik, C. A. A., tied for first; W. Abbey, Princeton, third. Time, 15:01.

100 yards—Won by Roy Nelson, Baltimore A. C; V. P. Goodwin. New York A. C, second;.W. R. Quayle, C. A. A., third. Time, 1:08%.

50 yards, breast stroke—Won by R. T. Laughlin, C. A. A.; V. P. Goodwin. New York A. C, second: C. D. Trubenbach, New York A. C, third. Time, :37%.

C. M. DANIELS' RECORDS. In New York, N. Y., Feb. 2, 1907, Charles M. Daniels made 500 yards in 6:35%; he made 250 yards in 3:01%, 300 yards in 3:45%..400 yards in 5:13 and 440 yards in 5:47%. In the same city Feb. 25 Mr. Daniels made a mile in 23:40%. March 13, in New York city, he made 120 yards in 1:12% and 150 yards In 1:34%.

BILLIARDS.
AMATEUR CHAMPIONSHIP.

Calvin Demarest of Chicago won the 14-2 amateur billiard championship of the United States in a tournament held in New York city March 4-14, 1907. Standing of players:

GamesGamesHigh single Grand High

Player. won. lost, average. average, run.

Demarest 5 0 27 3-11 14 86-101 115

Conklin 4 2 11 14-26 9 156-170 68

Gardner 3 3 1113-18 9 95-162 101

Poggenburg 3 3 21 6-14 11 61- 96 101

Mial 2 4 17 7-10 10 41-110 94

Rolls 0 5 14 2-50 8 13-126 80

J. F. Poggenburg, in playing off a tie with Dr. L. L. Mial, made a high run of 117 and an average of 46 6-11, but as they were not made in tournament competition they did not affect the tournament record or prizes. The winners prior to 1901 were Arthur Townsend, E. F. Gardner. Wilson P. Foss and J. F. Poggenburg. Record since then: 1805—Charles F. Conklin. 1906—Edward F. Gardner. 1907—Calvin Demarest.

Jake Schaefer won the 18-1 balk-line championship from George Sutton In a- game played in Chicago March 11, 1907, by a score of 500 to 448. The winner's average was 13 32-36 and the loser's 12 16-36. The highest run in the game was 100 by Schaefer.

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TROPHY WINNERS SINCE 1901. Trophy. Winning club.

1901—A. W. L. Challenge Minneapolis

Hamilton Chicago

Minneapolis Ypsilanti

1902—A. W. L. Challenge Philadelphia

Hamilton Cleveland

Minneapolis Milwaukee

Brooklyn New York

1903—A. W. L. Challenge Baltimore

. Hamilton Cleveland

Minneapolis Grand Rapids

Brooklyn Michigan

1904—A. W. L. Challenge..Minneapolis and St. Paul

Hamilton Racine, Wis.

Minneapolis Kcranton, Pa.

Brooklyn Minnesota

1905—Hamilton Chicago

Minneapolis Chicago

Brooklyn Chicago

1906—Hamilton Brookline, Mass.

Minneapolis Providence, R. I.

Brooklyn New England Whist league

Associate Cincinnati, O.

1907—Hamilton Grand Rapids

Minneapolis Chicago

Brooklyn New England

Associate..Mrs. Greene and Mrs. Cannon, r^. Y. The officers of the American Whist league are: President. David Mulilfolder, Albany, N. Y.; vicepresident. Ernest B. Cooper, Nashville. Tenn.; recording secretary, E. A. Montgomery, Minneapolis, Minn.; corresponding secretary. Clarence Vail, Brooklyn. N. Y.; treasurer, E. G. Cumstock, Milwaukee, Wis.

WOMAN'S WHIST LEAGUE. The Woman's WThist league held its tenth annual congress in New York, N. Y.. May 6-11, 1907. The Washington trophy was won by the New Amsterdam club of New York, the Cavendish trophy by the Philadelphia club and the Philadelphia cup and Toledo trophy by the Howells club. Mrs. Tames T. Shaw of Detroit is president of the league and Mrs. O. D. Thompson of Pittsburg recording secretary.

ARCHERY.

The twenty-ninth annual tournament of the National Archery association took place at Washington park, Chicago, Aug. 14, 15 and 16, 1907. Harry B. Richardson of Boston, holder of the title of national champion, retained the honor by making a score in the men's York round of S60 on 1S4 hits. Wallace Bryant, the national champion of 1903, was second with a score of 797 on 183 hits. W. H. Thompson of Seattle was third with 75S on 178 hits. The women's national round championship honors were won by Mrs. M. C. Howell of Cincinnati, who for the last seventeen years has held the title. Mrs. Howell made 619 out of 123 hits, which is an average of five points for each arrow. Second place 'went to Mrs. E. W. Frentz of Boston. Her total score figured up to 317. counted out of 71 hits. Miss H. A. Case took third with a score of 307. Mrs. A. Barbe had fourth position with 197 points. In the team shoot Chicago won by a score of 1.680 out of 350 hits.

Officers for 1907-1908: Dr. E. B. Weston. Chicago, president; G. F. Henry, Des Moines, Iowa, vice-president; Dr. W. C. Williams, Chicago, secretary; A. E. Spink, Chicago, treasurer; W. II. Thompson, W. A. Clark. Cincinnati, O., and C. C. Beach, Battle Creek, Mich, executive committee. Next tournament to be held in Chicago on same range.

BICYCLE ROAD RACING IN 1907.

George Blum of Chicago won time prize in the Detroit Wheelman's 25-mile race over the Belle Isle course May 30, 1907, making the distance in 1:08:30%. Joe McNeil of Detroit, Mich., with a seven-minute handicap, won first place.

The time prize in Livingston-Millburn road race was won by James Zanes of Newark, N. J., in 1:10:44. W. A. Heer of Newark, N. J., with a handicap of six minutes, came in first.

William ("Farmer") Blum won the ChieagoEvanston 25-mile road race July 4, 1907, in 1:03:10, which is a world's record. It was not allowed, however, because he rode more than one wheel on account of punctures. Blum won both time and place honors.

POLO.

The junior and senior polo championship games of 1907 were played on the grounds of the Onwentsia Polo club at Lake Forest, 111.. July 10-27. 1907. The second team of the.Bryn Mawr (Philadelphia) team won the junior event by defeating the Onwentsia team by a score of 10 to 5%, while the Rockaway Hunt club team from Long Island, N. Y., won the senior championship by defeating the Bryn Mawr team by a score of 13 to 2\^. The other clubs represented at the tournament were Buffalo and Fort Riley.

PEDESTRIANISH.

Albert Corey of the First Regiment Athletic team set a new record Oct. 23-24, 1907, for the 100-mile run between Milwaukee and Chicago hv covering the distance in 18:33:00. The former record, made by Henry Schmehl, was 19:54:00.

Daniel O'Leary, the veteran pedestrian, aged 63 years, walked 1,000 miles in 1,000 consecutive hours at Cincinnati, O., in 1907, starting Sept. 9 and finishing Oct. 20.

ROaUE.

Harold Bosworth of New London, Conn., won the national championship at roque at Norwich, Conn.. Aug. 26. 1907, by defeating C. G. Williams and Edward Clark, who had tied with him in the first division. Howard of Washington, D. C, holder of the title of champion, did not appear to defend it.

FLY CASTING.

In the annual tournament of the International Association of Fly Casting Clubs concluded at Racine. Wis., Aug. 17. 1907, I. H. Bellows of Chicago won the diamond trophy with a seore of 99 6-15. In the distance salmon fly contest F„ N. Peet of Chicago won with a record of 121 feet.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][table][merged small]

State. Nickname. Flower.

Alabama Cotton state Goldenrod

Arizona Sequoia cactus

Arkansas Bear state Apple blossom

California Golden state Poppy

Colorado Centennial state Columbine

Delaware Blue Hen state Peach blossom

Florida Peninsula state. ■

Georgia Cracker state Cherokee rose

Idaho Syringa

Illinois Sucker state Kose

Indiana Hoosier state.

Iowa Hawkeye state Wild rose

Kansas Sunflower state Sunflower

Kentucky Blue Grass state.

Louisiana Pelican state Magnolia

Maine Pine Tree state* Pine cone

Maryland Old Line state.

Massachusetts..Bay state.

Michigan Wolverine state Apple blossom

Minnesota Gopher state Moccasin

Mississippi Bayou state Magnolia

Montana Stub Toe state Bitter root

Missouri Goldenrod

Nebraska Goldenrod

Nevada Silver state.

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ELECTRICAL UNITS DEFINED.

Ohm—Unit of resistance; represents resistance offered to an unvarying electric current by a column of mercury at the temperature of ice, 14.5421 grams in mass, of a cross-sectional area of 1.00003 square millimeters and of the length of 106.3 centimeters.

Ampere—Unit of current; decomposes .0009324 of a gram of water in one second or deposits silver at the rate of .001118 of a gram per second, when passed through a solution of nitrate of silver in water.

Volt—Unit of electromotive force; one volt equals one ampere of current passing through a substance having one ohm of resistance.

Coulomb—Unit of- quantity; amount of electricity transferred by a current of one ampere in one second.

Farad—Unit of capacity; capacity of a condenser charged to a potential of one volt by one coulomb. A microfarad is one-millionth of a farad.

Joule—Unit of work; equivalent to energy expended in one second by one. ampere current in one ohm resistance.

Watt—Unit of power; equivalent to work done at the rate of one joule per second. A kilowatt is 1,000 watts.

NORTHWESTERN GAME AND FISH LAWS.

Revised to

Note—The laws as given below are necessarily very much condensed and many of the restrictions as to modes of hunting and fishing and as to the transportation, export and sale of game are omitted. Copies of the state laws may usually be obtained by writing to the commissioners and wardens. The dates are for the open season except where it is otherwise specified.

ILLINOIS.

Game—Deer protected until 1917; quail, Nov. 10 to Dec. 20; prairie chicken and partridges protected until 1911; woodcock or mourning doves, Aug. 1 to Dec. 1; snipe and plover, Sept. 1 to May 1; squirrels, July 1 to Nov. 16; pheasants cannot be killed until after July 1, 1913; wild geese, ducks, brant or other waterfowl, Sept. 1 to April 15. One person is limited to thirty-five ducks and other game birds in one day. The killing of wild birds other than sparrows, hawks and crows is forbidden.

Fish—Fishing with nets, June 1 to April 15; with seines, July 1 to April 15; fishing with hook and line, all the year. Black bass, pike and pickerel may be taken only with hook and line. The meshes of seines must be at least 1M: inches square. Minimum length or w.eight of fislies allowed to be sold: Black bass, 11 Inches; white or striped bass, 8; rock bass, (•; river cropple, 8; white croppie, 8; yellow perch, 6; wall-eyed pike, 15; pike or pickerel. 18; buffalo, 15; German carp, 15; sunfish, 6; red-eyed perch, 6; white perch, 10; common wrhitefish, V& pounds; lake trout, Vfa pounds.

Licenses—Issued by the secretary of state; hunting license for nonresidents, $15.50; residents, $1.

State Game Commissioner—A. J. Lovejoy, Springfield, 111.

WISCONSIN.

Game Animals—Beaver protected at all times; deer, Nov. 10 to Nov. 30 (protected In certain counties); kill limit, two deer in one season; fawn, in spotted or red coat, protected; fisher, marten, mink, Nov. 1 to March 1; moose, protected at all times; muskrat, Nov. 1 to May 1; otter, Nov. 1 to Feb. 15; rabbit and squirrel, Sept. 1 to March 1; raccoon, Oct. 1 to Jan. l.

Game Birds—Grouse, special In localities; partridge, plover, snipe and woodcock, Sept. 1 to Dec. 1; prairie chicken and hen, Oct. 1 to Oct. 35; pheasants protected until 1915; duck of all varieties, goose (wild or brant) and rail or rice hen, Sept. 1 to Jan. 1; swan protected at all times.

Game Fish—Catfish, May 25 to March 1; black bass, March 1 to June 10 (special in certain waters and as to size); brook trout, April 15 to Sept. 1; bass (green, silver, rock and white), fiddler, catfish, pickerel, pike and muskellunge, May 25 to March 1 succeeding.

Licenses—Nonresidents, for all kinds of game, $25; for all kinds except deer, $10; license for residents, $1.

State Fish and Game Warden—J. W. Stone, Barron, Wis.

MICHIGAN.

Game Animals—Moose, elk and caribou protected until 1913; elk, unlawful to kill until 1918 on Bois Blanc island; deer, open season from Nov. 10 to Nov. 30 inclusive; unlawful for any person to kill more than two or to use dogs or artificial lights in hunting; unlawful to kill deer in water; unlawful to kill until 1910 in Kalkaska county, until 1912 in Arenac. Bay, Benzie, Cheboygan, Emmet and Leelanau counties and until 1918 on Bois Blanc Island; rabbits, unlawful to use ferrets In certain counties; squirrel, open season from Oct. 15 to Nov. 30; beaver, unlawful to kill until 1910; otter, fisher and marten, unlawful to kill from May 1 to Nov. 30; mink, raccoon, skunk and muskrat, unlawful to kill during September and October: bounties paid for killing wolf, lynx and wildcat.

Game Birds—Unlawful to kill prairie chicken, Mongolian or English pheasants, wild turkey, hazel grouse and wild pigeon until 1910; quail, open season Oct. 15 to Nov. 30 inclusive; partridge and spruce hen, open season on lower peninsula Oct.

Oct. 1, 1907. 15 to Nov. 30; on upper peninsula Oct. 1 to Nov. 30; European partridge, unlawful to kill until 1912; homing pigeons and mourning doves, unlawful to kill or capture at any time; duck, plover, snipe and woodcock and any kind of waterfowl, open season from Sept. 1 to Jan. l; snipe, geese, brant, bluebill. canvasback, widgeon, pintail, whistler, spoonbill, redhead, butterball and sawbill duck may also be killed between March 2 and April 25; geese and brant in Chippewa county, open season all the year.

Fish—Landlocked salmon, grayling and speckled, California, Loch Leven and steelhead trout, open season from April 15 to Aug. 15; sturgeon or black, strawberry, green or white bass, unlawful to take from inland waters except with hook and line; black bass, unlawful to take in any manner from April 1 to May, 20.

Licenses—Nonresidents (for deer), $25; residents, $1.50.

State Game, Fish and Forestry Warden—Charles S. Pierce, Lansing, Mich.

MINNESOTA.

Game—Deer, male moose and male caribou, Nov. 30 to 30; kill limit for moose one and for deer two; doves, snipe, prairie chicken, grouse, woodcock and plover, Sept. 1 to Nov. l; quail, ruffed grouse or partridge and pheasant, Oct. 1 to Dec. 1; wild ducks, geese, brant and other aquatic fowls, Sept. 1 to Dec. 1; kill limit, fifteen birds a day; mink, muskrat, otter and beaver, Nov. 1 to May 1.

Fish—Trout, April 15 to Sept. 1; black, gray or Oswego bass. May 29 to March 1; pike, muskellunge, whitefish, croppie, perch, sunfish, sturgeon, lake trout and catfish. May 1 to March l; pickerel, suckers, bullheads, red horse and carp may be taken at any time in any manner.

Licenses—Nonresidents, $25 for all game animals and $10 for game birds; licenses obtained from state commissioners; resident's license, obtained from county auditors, $1.

Executive Agent of Game and Fish Commissioners—Charles Avery, St. Paul, Minn.; superintendent of fisheries, S. F. Fullerton, St. Paul.

IOWA.

Game—Pinnated grouse and prairie chicken, Sept. 1 to Dec. l; woodcock, July 10 to Jan. l; ruffed grouse, pheasants, wild turkey and quail, Nov. 1 to Dec. 15; wild duck, geese and brant, Sept. 1 to April 15; squirrel. Sept. 1 to Jan. 1; beaver, mink. otter, muskrat. Nov. 1 to April 1; Mongolian, ring neck or Chinese pheasant protected until Oct. 1, 1915.

Fish—Trout and salmon, March 1 to Nov. 1; bass, pike, croppies and other game fish, May 15 to Nov. 15.

Licenses—Nonresidents, $lfr.50 for each county.

Warden—George A. Lincoln, Cedar Rapids, Iowa.

INDIANA.

Game—Quail, ruffed and pinnated grouse, prairie chicken, Nov. 10 to Jan. 1; squirrels, July 1 to Oct. 1; wild geese, ducks, brant and other wild waterfowl, Sept. 1 to April 1; wild deer, turkeys and pheasants protected; woodcock, July 1 to Oct. 1 and Nov. 10 to Jan. 1. There is an entirely closed season on all hunting except of wild duck and other waterfowl from Oct. 1 to Nov. 10 of each year.

FrsH—Fishing with hook and line lawful during whole year except in Bass lake, where it is unlawful to fish through ice.

Licenses—Residents, $1; issued by clerks of county Circuit courts; nonresidents, $15.50.

Game Commissioner—Z. T. Sweeney, Colombus, Ind.

NEBRASKA.

Game—Deer, antelope and beaver protected; prairie chicken and grouse, Sept. 15 to Nov. 30; quail. Nov. 15 to Nov. 30; wild ducks and geese, Sept. 15 to April 10; snipe, yellow legs and plover, Sept. 15 to April 10; squirrels protected.

Fish—Trout, April 1 to Sept. 30; all other flsh, April 1 to Nov. 15.

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