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ICE SKATING.

John Nilsson in 1896 by three and three-fifths secHarry B. Kaad of the Northwest Skating club onds. won the title of Illinois state champion at the Logan Square rink, Chicago, Feb. 24, 1907, by win

ROLLER SKATING. ning the 2 mile, 1-mile, half-mile and 440-yard races. Harley Davidson at Riverview park, Chicago, He lost only the 220-yard race to W. D. Foy. The June 6, 1907, won the mile championship and broke course was sloppy and the time made was only fair, the world's record for the distance by making it

Morris Wood, the amateur champion, at the Sar in 2:48 flat. June 26 at the same place he won the atoga rink in Brooklyn, N. Y., Feb. 25. 1907, made 2-mile championship and made a new record by a half mile in 1:1645, lowering the record made by 1 covering the distance in 5:25%5.

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State.
Nickname.
Flower. I State.

Nickname.

Flower Alabama........ Cotton state....

...Goldenrod | New HampshireGranite state. Arizona ...

...........Sequoia cactus | New Jersey... ...Jersey Blue state...Sugar maple (tree) Arkansas ....... Bear state....... ..... Apple blossom New York....... Empire state.......................Rose California. ..... Golden State......

.... Poppy North Carolina .old North state. Colorado ........ Centennial state............ Columbine North Dakota... Flickertail state.............Goldenrod Delaware........ Blue Hen state.......... Peach blossom

Ohio..... ....... Buckeye state. Florida.......... .Peninsula state..

Oklahoma .....

... Mistletoe Georgia..........Cracker state............Cherokee rose Oregon...... ...Beaver state..... ...Oregon grape Idaho..

.............Syringa Pennsylvania... Keystone state. Illinois..... ..Sucker state....... .........Rose Rhode Island... Little Rhody......

....... Violet Indiana..........Hoosier state.

South Carolina.. Palmetto state. Iowa.............. Hawkeye state....

Wild rose South Dakota... Swinge Cat state. Kansas..........Sunflower state...... ......Sunflower Tennessee....... Big Bend state. Kentucky........ Blue Grass state.

Texas ...........Lone Star state............Bluebonnet Louisiana........ Pelican state....... .....Magnolia Utah........

.... Sego lily Maine ............ Pine Tree state.......

Pine cone Vermont..... ..Green Mountain state..... Red clover Maryland .......Old Line state.

Virginia..........The Old Dominion. Massachusetts..Bay state.

Washington.....Chinook state .........Rhododendron Michigan........ Wolverine state........Apple blossom West Virginia. The Panhandle. Minnesota.......Gopher state....... .......Moccasin Wisconsin .......Badger state. Mississippi...... Bayou state..... ......Magnolia Montana......... Stub Toe state..

...Bitter root M ISsouri........................................Goldenroa

NOTE-Only nicknames that are well known and Nebraska ...

...Goldenrod "state flowers" officially adopted or commonly acNevada ......... Silver state.

Icepted are given in the foregoing list.

ELECTRICAL UNITS DEFINED.

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Coulonterreaity of quantity of momenta mpeelectricite

Ohm-Unit of resistance; represents resistance of.

fered to an unvarying electric current by a column of mercury at the temperature of ice, 14.5421 grams in mass, of a cross-sectional area of 1.00003 square millimeters and of the length of

106.3 centimeters. Ampere-Unit of current; decomposes .0009324 of a

gram of water in one second or deposits silver at the rate of .001118 of a gram per second, when passed through a solution of nitrate of silver in

water. Volt-Unit of electro motive force; one volt equals one ampere of current passing through a substance having one ohm of resistance.

Coulomb-Unit of. quantity; amount of electricity transferred by a current of one ampere in one

second. Farad-Unit of capacity; capacity of a condenser

charged to a potential of one volt by one coulomb. A microfarad is one-millionth of a farad. Joule-Unit of work; equivalent to energy expend.

ed in one second by one. ampere current in one

ohm resistance. Watt-Unit of power; equivalent to work done at

the rate of one joule per second. A kilowatt is 1,000 watts.

NORTHWESTERN GAME AND FISH LAWS.

e Commissidents, Sharm of sta

Revised to Oct. 1, 1907. NOTE-The laws as given below are necessarily | 15 to Nov. 30; on upper peninsula Oct. 1 to Nov. very much condensed and many of the restrictions | 30; Europe:.n partridge, unlawful to kill until 1912; as to modes of hunting and fishing and as to the homing pigeons and mourning doves, unlawful to transportation, export and sale of game are omit kill or capture at any time; duck, plover, snipe ted. - Copies of the state laws may usually be and woodcock and any kind of waterfowl, open obtained by writing to the commissioners and war season from Sept. 1 to Jan. 1; snipe, geese, brant, dens. The dates are for the open season except bluebill, canvasback, widgeon, pintail, whistler, where it is otherwise specified.

spoonbill, redhead, butterball and sawbill duck

may also be killed between March 2 and April 25; ILLINOIS.

geese and brant in Chippewa county, open seaGAME-Deer protected until 1917; quail, Nov. 10 son all the year. to Dec. 20; prairie chicken and partridges protected FISH-Landlocked salmon, grayling and speckled, until 1911; woodcock or mourning doves, Aug. 1 California, Loch Leven and steelhead trout, open to Dec. 1; snipe and plover, Sept. i to May 1; season from April 15 to Aug. 15; sturgeon or black, squirrels, July 1 to Nov. 16; pheasants cannot be strawberry, green or white bass, unlawful to take killed until after July 1, 1913; wild geese, ducks, from inland waters except with hook and line; brant or other waterfowl, Sept. 1 to April 15. One black bass, unlawful to take in any manner from person is limited to thirty-five ducks and other April 1 to May, 20. game birds in one day. The killing of wild birds LICENSES-Nonresidents (for deer), $25; residents, other than sparrows, hawks and crows is forbid $1.50. den.

State Game, Fish and Forestry Warden-Charles FISH-Fishing with nets, June 1 to April 15; S. Pierce, Lansing, Mich. with seines, July 1 to April 15; fishing with book

MINNESOTA. and line, all the year. Black bass, pike and pickerel may be taken only with hook and line. The

| GAME-Deer, male moose and male caribou, Nov. meshes of seines must be at least 142 inches

10 to 30; kilí limit for moose one and for deer square. Minimum length or weight of fishes al

two; doves, snipe, prairie chicken, grouse, woodlowed to be sold: Black bass, 11 inches; white

cock and plover, Sept. 1 to Nov. 1; quail, ruffed or striped bass, 8; rock bass, £; river croppie, 8;

grouse or partridge and pheasant, Oct. 1 to Dec. white croppie, 8; yellow perch, 6; wall-eyed pike,

1; wild ducks, geese, brant and other aquatic 15; pike or pickerel, 18; buffalo, 15; German carp,

fowls, Sept. 1 to Dec. 1; kill limit, fifteen birds a 15; sunfish, 6; red-eyed perch, 6; white perch, 10; day; mink, muskrat, otter and beaver, Nov. 1 to

May 1. common whitefish, 142 pounds; lake trout, 14

Fish-Trout, April 15 to Sept. 1; black, gray or pounds. LICENSES-Issued by the secretary of state; hunt

Oswego bass, May 29 to March 1; pike, muskeling license for nonresidents, $15.50; residents, $1.

lunge, whitefish, croppie, perch, sunfish, sturgeon, State Game Commissioner--A. J. Lovejoy, Spring

lake trout and catfish, May 1 to March 1; pickerel, field, Ill.

suckers, bullheads, red horse and carp may be WISCONSIN

taken at any time in any manner.

LICENSES-Nonresidents, $25 for all game animals GAME ANIMALS-Beaver protected at all times;

and $10 for game birds; licenses obtained from deer, Nov. 10 to Nov. 30 (protected in certain coun

state commissioners; resident's license, obtained ties); kill limit, two deer in one season; fawn, in

from county auditors, $1. spotted or red coat, protected; fisher, marten, mink,

Executive Agent of Game and Fish CommissionNov. 1 to March 1; moose, protected at all times;

ers-Charles Avery, St. Paul, Minn.; superintendmuskrat, Nov. 1 to May 1; otter, Nov. 1 to Feb.

ent of fisheries, S. F. Fullerton, St. Paul. 15: rabbit and squirrel, Sept. 1 to March 1; raccoon, Oct. 1 to Jan. 1.

IOWA. GAME BIRDS-Grouse, special in localities; par GAME-Pinnated grouse and prairie chicken, Sept. tridge, plover, snipe and woodcock, Sept. 1 to Dec. | 1 to Dec. 1; woodcock, July 10 to Jan. 1; ruffed 1; prairie chicken and hen, Oct. 1 to Oct. 15; grouse, pheasants, wild turkey and quail, Nov. 1 pheasants protected until 1915; duck of all vari to Dec. 15; wild duck, geese and brant, Sept. 1 to eties, goose (wild or brant) and rail or rice hen, April 15; squirrel, Sept. 1 to Jan. 1; beaver, mink, Sept. i to Jan. 1; swan protected at all times. otter, muskrat, Nov. 1 to April 1; Mongolian, ring

GAME FISH-Catfish, May 25 to March 1; black neck or Chinese pheasant protected until Oct. 1, bass, March 1 to June 10 (special in certain wa 1915. ters and as to size); brook trout, April 15 to FISH-Trout and salmon, March 1 to Nov. 1: Sept. 1; bass (green, silver, rock and white), fid bass, pike, croppies and other game fish, May 15 dler, catfish, pickerel, pike and muskellunge, May to Nov. 15. 25 to March 1 succeeding.

LICENSES-Nonresidents, $10.50 for each county. LICENSES-Nonresidents, for all kinds of game, Warden-George A. Lincoln, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. $25; for all kinds except deer, $10; license for residents, $1.

INDIANA. State Fish and Game Warden-J. W. Stone, Bar

GAME-Quail, ruffed and pinnated grouse, prairie ron, Wis.

chicken, Nov. 10 to Jan, 1; squirrels, July 1 to MICHIGAN.

Oct. 1; wild geese, ducks, brant and other wild GAME ANIMALS-Moose, elk and caribou protected

waterfowl, Sept. 1 to April 1; wild deer, turkeys until 1913; elk, unlawful to kill until 1918 on Bois

and pheasants protected, woodcock, July 1 to Oct. Blanc island; deer, open season from Nov. 10 to

1 and Nov. 10 to Jan. 1. There is an entirely Nov. 30 inclusive; unlawful for any person to kill

closed season on all hunting except of wild duck more than two or to use dogs or artificial lights

and other waterfowl from Oct. i to Nov. 10 of in hunting; unlawful to kill deer in water; unlaw.

each year. ful to kill until 1910 in Kalkaska county, until

Fisi-Fishing with hook and line lawful during 1912 in Arenac, Bay, Benzie, Cheboygan, Emmet

whole year except in Bass lake, where it is unand Leelanau counties and until 1918 on Bois Blanc

lawful to fish through ice. island; rabbits, unlawful to use ferrets in certain

LICENSES--Residents, $1; issued by clerks of coun. counties; squirrel, open season from Oct. 15 to

ty Circuit courts; nonresidents, $15.50. Nov. 30; beaver, unlawful to kill until 1910; otter,

Game Commissioner-Z. T. Sweeney, Columbus, fisher and marten, unlawful to kill from May 1

Ind. to Nov. 30; mink, raccoon, skunk and muskrat,

NEBRASKA. unlawful to kill during September and October; GAME-Deer, antelope and beaver protected: prai. bounties paid for killing wolf, lynx and wildcat. rie chicken and grouse, Sept. 15 to Nov. 30; quail,

GAME BIRDS-Unlawful to kill prairie chicker, Nov. 15 to Nov. 30; wild ducks and geese, Sept. Mongolian or English pheasants, wild turkey, ha 15 to April 10; snipe, yellow legs and plover, Sept. zel grouse and wild pigeon until 1910; quail, open 15 to April 10; squirrels protected. season Oct. 15 to Nov. 30 inclusive; partridge and I FISH-Trout, April 1 to Sept. 30; all other fish, spruce hen, open season on lower peninsula Oct. | April 1 to Nov. 15.

den.

LICENSES-For residents, $1; nonresidents, $10; FISH–Bass, carp, shad and croppies, May 1 to issued by county clerks.

Oct. 1; trout, May 1 to Sept. 1. Chief Deputy Game and Fish Commissioner LICENSES-For nonresidents, who must be accomGeorge L. Carter, Lincoln, Neb.

panied by a warden as guide, $25; issued by counCOLORADO.

ty treasurers.

Wardens-Each county has a fish and game warGAME-Deer, Oct. 1 to Oct. 20; mountain sheep, antelope and elk protected; prairie chickens and

MONTANA. grouse, Aug. 20 to Oct. 1; sage chickens, Aug. 1 to Oct. 1; wild turkey protected; wild waterfowl,

GAME-Deer, Sept. 1 to Dec. 15; mountain sheep Sept. 10 to April 15, except in altitudes above 7.000 and goat, Sept. 1 to Dec. 1; elk, Sept. 1 to Dec. feet, where season opens Sept. 15 and closes May 1;

1; prairie chickens, sage hens and partridge, Sept. doves, Aug. 15 to Sept. 5; quail protected.

1 to Dec. 1; wild waterfowl, Sept. 1 to Dec. 1. FISH–Trout not less than seven inches long and

FISH-No restrictions. other fish, June 1 to Nov. 30.

LICENSES-Nonresidents, for big game, $25; for LICENSES-General hunting license for nonresi

bird hunting and fishing, $10; fishing alone, $1 dents, $25; bird-hunting license in each county, Warden-William F. Scott, Helena, Mont. $2 first day and $1 for each additional day; gen

IDAHO. eral state license, $1. Commissioner-John M. Woodward, Denver, Col.

GAME-Deer, elk, mountain sheep and goat, Sept.

15 to Jan. 1; moose, caribou, antelope, buffalo, proNORTH DAKOTA.

tected; quail, Nov. 1 to Dec. 1; grouse, Aug. 15 to GAME-Prairie chicken, pinnated grouse, sharp Dec. i; partridge, pheasant, turtle dove, prairie tailed grouse, ruffed grouse, woodcock, Sept. 1 to chicken, Sept. i to Dec. 1; sage hen, Aug. 1 to Oct. 15; quail and pheasant protected; wild duck, Dec. 1; Mongolian pheasant, Canada grouse or fool Sept. 1 to May 1; wild geese, cranes and brant, hen, protected to March 14, 1911; snipe, plover, Sept. 1 to May 1; buffalo, moose, elk, caribou, duck and goose, Sept. 15 to Jan. 1. mountain sheep, permanently protected; deer, Nov. FISH-Fishing with hook and line only permitted 10 to Dec. 1; beaver and otter protected; antelope all the year. protected until 1911.

Warden-W. N. Stephens, Boise, Idaho. Fish-Pike, pickerel, perch, croppie, trout, buffa

WYOMING. lo, bass and muskellunge, May 1 to Jan. 1; fishing with hook and line alone allowed.

GAME-Deer, elk, antelope, mountain sheep, Sept. LICENSES—Nonresidents, $25; residents, 75 cents. 15 to Nov. 15; moose and marten protected until

1912; ducks and geese, Sept. 1 to May 1; parSOUTH DAKOTA.

tridges, pheasant, prairie chicken, grouse, Aug. 1 GAME-Buffalo, elk, deer, mountain sheep, Nov. to Sept. 15. 1 to Dec. 1; prairie chicken, grouse, woodcock and FISH-Fishing open year round. quail, Sept. 1 to Jan. 1; wild duck, geese and LICENSES-For nonresidents, $50; guides must be brant, Sept. 1 to May 1; plover and curlew, Sept. employed. 1 to May 15; beaver and otter protected until 1911. | Warden-D. C. Nowlin, Lander, Wyo.

THE PUBLIC DOMAIN.

Vacant lands in the United States at the close of the fiscal year ended June

(From the report of the commissioner of the general land office.)

[graphic]

Alabama..
Alaska....
Arizona ...
Arkansas
California..
Colorado.
Florida
Idaho......
Kansas...
Louisiana.
Michigan....
Minnesota.
Mississippi.
Missouri...

AREA UNAPPROPRIATED

AREA UNAPPROPRIATED AND UNRESERVED.

STATE OR

AND UNRESERVED.
TERRITORY.
Un
Surveyed.
Total.

Surveyed.

Un

Total. surveyed

surveyed. Acres. Acres. Acres.

Acres. Acres. Acres. 156.820 156,820 Montana...

21,024,719 28,774,795 49,799,514 7,125 *368,028,850 368,035,975 Nebraska....

3,543,161).

3,543,161 12,753,267 32,766,679 45,519,946 Nevada....

32.804,244 28,354,337) 61,158,581 1,497,142 1,497,142 New Mexico..

33,368,850 13,900,732 47.269,582 23,746.839 6,644,209 30,391,018 North Dakota..

2,716,835 182,850 2,899,685 23.053,308 1.847,491 24.900,799 Oklahoma....

71,051

71,051 375,926 61,6481 437,574 Oregon...

12,859,473 ***4,871,456 17,730,929 8,796,687 21,270,257 30,066,944 South Dakota...

7,690,098 140,607 7,830,765 315,674 315.674|Utah....

12,008,063 25,201,111 37,209,144 73,287 *** 65,018 138,305 | Washington..

2,678,658 2,311,279 4,989,937 286,419 286,419 Wisconsin...

16,240).

16.240 1,773, 122 ** 391,133 2,164,255 Wyoming.....

35, 136,428" 2,733,808| 37,870,236 50,280

50,280 88,414

88,414| Grand total..... ... 236,892,100 537,546,320 774,438,420

DISPOSAL OF PUBLIC LANDS.

Fiscal year ended June 30. 1907.
CASH SALES.

Acres.
Acres. Under sundry special acts......

7,371.63 Private entries.........

94,155 07 Cash substitution for military bounty Public auction............ 86.374.84 land warrants...........................:

80.00 Pre-emption entries........

2,701.82 Lands entered with surveyors' general Timber and stone entries.... 1,444,574.86 scrip .....

160.00 Mineral-land entries..

76,757,78

Total ................................... 3,023,011.27 Coal-land entries.................

25,158.81 Abandoned military reservations...

3,917.21

MISCELLANEOUS. Excesses on homestead and other entries 23,916.06

Acres. Desert land entries (original)....... 1,255,197.97 Homestead entries (original).14,754,584.62 Town sites.....

1,729.10

U state selections................ 2.080.533.30 Town lots......

882.41 Railroad selections........ 912,009.98 Supplemental payments........

33.71 I Wagon-road selections...... 10,809.34

.

.

............

3,023.011.27

act

...........................

Entries with-
Acres.

Acres. Military bounty-land war

Grande Ronde Indian reserrants .............

15,527.77
vation ................

9,503.06 Agricultural college scrip.. 637.18

Sioux (South Dakota)..

495.61 Private-land scrip.....

2,331.56

Cintah Valley Indian reser-
Wyandotte scrip...

80.00
vation ...

1,493.48 Valentine scrip....

116.40

Colville Indian reservation... 35,309.50 Porterfield scrip...

48.21

Shoshone or Wind river res-
Palatka scrip...

40.22
ervation ..

40.35
Sioux half-breed scrip...
445.75

130,974.48 Scrip locations, act Dec. 28, 1876 ..............

120.00

Grand total.............................20,997,566.58 Lieu selections..

99.81 32,603.59

• Indian allotments...

RECAPITULATION. Small holdings......

1,211.02

Area sold for cash...
Swamp lands patented..

32,222.68
Area miscellaneous entries..

..17,843,580.83 Lands entered under donation

Area Indian land.

130,974.18 159.40 -17,843,580.83

20,997,566.58 Total area of public-land entries and

RECEIPTS OF THE LAND OFFICE. selections

....20,866,592.10 Total receipts from the disposal of pubINDIAN LANDS.

lic lands......

......$9,547,273.51 Acres.

Total receipts from the disposal of In-
Cherokee school.....

323.20
dian lands.......

........... 1,892,805.70 Ute ...

72,465.09

Total receipts from depredations on pubOsage trust and diminished

lic lands..........

78,118.05

dations on Inreserve .............

7,214.65

Total receipts from depredations on In-
Chippewa ...

505.33
dian lands......

1,343.62 Sioux (Minnesota

40.00

Total receipts from sales of government
Flathead ...

80.00
property ..........

543.55 Omaha .....

186.89

Total receipts from furnishing copies of Devil's Lake Indian reserva

records and plats......

33,093.57 tion ..

154.95 Umatilla ..

3,162.37

Grand total...... ...............11,553,178.00

EARTHQUAKES AND ERUPTIONS IN 1907. Jan. 9–Great eruption of Mauna Loa in Hawaiian ico and vicinity; Ayutla destroyed; more than islands.

100 persons killed. Jan. 10-Earthquake shocks felt in Pennsylvania, April 15–Andean volcanoes active. Sweden, Norway and Russia.

April 17-Shocks felt in Constantinople and variJan. 14–Kingston, Jamaica, destroyed by earth ous places in Spain. quake. (Details will be found elsewhere in this April 19-Volcano of Puyehue, Chile, in active erupvolume.)

tion. Jan. 18-Severe shock at Tolmezzo, Italy; quakes April 19-Slight shock felt at Charleston, S. C. also felt in Russia and Scotland.

April 19-Earth shock felt in Algeria. Jan. 20-Severe earthquake shocks in Siberia. April 20-Earthquakes in Portugal and Turkey Jan. 20—Volcano of Asama-Yama, Japan, in erup reported. tion.

April 26-Sharp earthquake shock in northern Italy. Jan. 22—Simalu island, Dutch East Indies, reported May 10—Several earthquake shocks felt in Austriaengulfed by tidal wave.

Hungary and Siberia. Jan. 24-Shocks felt in eastern United States and May 11-Mounts Etna and Stromboli in active erupin Spain.

tion. Jan. 25—Earthquake in canton of Grisona, Switzer June 30—Earthquake felt at Portsmouth, N. H. land.

July 1-Seismograph at Cheltenham, Md., records Jan. 29-Earthquake in Tasmania.

severe quake. Jan. 31-Earthquake shocks in southern Illinois Sept. 2-Seismographs in Washington and Isle of and Indiana.

Wight record heavy earthquake. Feb. 11-Quake is felt in Virginia.

Oct. 16-Seismograph in Washington records great Feb. 12-Severe earthquake shock in province of earthquake Murcia, Spain.

Oct. 21–Little town of Karatagh, Bokhara, deFeb. 18--Mount Etna shows signs of activity.

stroyed by landslide caused by earthquake; 3,400 March 29-Severe earthquake at Bitlis in Turkish lives lost.

Armenia; eight persons killed and 300 houses de Oct. 23-Several hundred people killed by earthstroyed.

quake in Calabria, Italy. April 2--Azores shaken by earthquake shocks.

Nov. 7-Violent earthquake in province of Huesca. April 15-Heavy earthquake shock in City of Mex- | Spain.

VESSELS IN FOREIGN CARRYING TRADE. Values of imports and exports of the United States carried in American and foreign vessels, with the percentage carried in American vessels.

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INTERNAL REVENUE RECEIPTS.

Comparative statement showing the receipts from the several objects of internal taxation in the United States during the fiscal years ended June 30, 1906 and 1907.

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