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signed it, unless the congress, by their adjourn 4. No capitation or other direct tax shall be ment, prevent its return, in which case it shall laid, unless in proportion to the census or enunot be a law.

meration hereinbefore directed to be taken. 3. Every order, resolution or vote to which the 5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exconcurrence of the senate and house of representa ported from any state. No preference shall be tives may be necessary (except on a question of given, by any regulation of commerce or ne venue, adjournment) shall be presented to the president to the ports of one state over those of another; of the United States, and before the same shall nor shall vessels bound to or from one state be take effect shall be approved by him, orbeing obliged to enter, clear or pay duties in another, disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two 6. No money shall be drawn from the treasury thirds of the senate and house of representatives, but in consequence of appropriations made by law, according to the rules and limitations prescribed and a regular statement and account of receipts in case of a bill.

and expenditures of all public money shall be pubSection VIII. The congress shall have power

lished from time to time. 1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, im posts and

7. No title of nobility shall be granted by the excises, to pay the debts and provide for the com

United States, and no person holding any office mon defense and general welfare of the United

of profit or trust under them shall, without the States, but all duties, imposts and excises shall

consent of congress, accept of any present, emolube uniform throughout the United States.

ment, office or title of any kind whatever, from 2. To borrow money on the credit of the United

any king, prince or foreign state. States.

Section X. 1. No state shall enter into any 3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations

treaty, alliance or confederation; grant letters of and among the several states and with the Indian

marque and reprisal; coin money; emit bills of tribes.

credit; make anything but gold and silver coin a 4. To establish an uniform rule of naturalization

tender in payment of debts; pass any bill of atand uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies

tainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the throughout the United States.

obligation of contracts, or grant any title of 5. To coin money, regulate the value thereof

nobility. and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights

2. No state shall, without the consent of the and measures

congress, lay any imposts or duties on imports or 6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeit

exports except what may be absolutely necessary ing the securities and current coin of the United

for executing its inspection laws, and the net States.

produce of all duties and imposts laid by any 7. To establish postoffices and post roads.

state on imports or exports shall be for the use 8. To promote the progress of science and useful

of the treasury of the United States, and all such arts by securing, for limited times, to authors

laws shall be subject to the revision and control and inventors, the exclusive right to their re

of the congress. No state shall, without the conspective writings and discoveries.

sent of congress, lay any duty of tonnage, keep 9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the Su

troops or ships of war in time of peace, enter into preme court. To define and punish piracies and

any agreement or compact with another state or felonies committed on the high seas and offenses

with a foreign power or engage in war, unless against the law of nations.

actually invaded or in such imminent danger as 10. To declare war, grant letters of marque and

will not admit of delay. reprisal and make rules concerning captures on

ARTICLE II. land and water.

Section 1. 1. The executive power shall be vest11. To raise and support armies, but no appro ed in a president of the United States of Amerpriation of money to that use shall be for a longer ica. He shall hold his office during the term of term than two years.

four years, and together with the vice-president, 12. To provide and maintain a navy.

chosen for the same term, be elected as follows: 13. To make rules for the government and reg 2. Each state shall appoint, in such manner as ulation of the land and naval forces.

the legislature thereof may direct, a number of 14. To provide for calling forth the militia to electors, equal to the whole number of senators execute the laws of the union, suppress insurrec and representatives to which the state may be en tions and repel invasions.

titled in the congress, but no senator or repre15. To provide for organizing, arming and dis sentative or person holding an office of trust or ciplining the militia and for governing such part of profit under the United States shall be appointed them as may be employed in the service of the an elector. United States, reserving to the states respectively 3. The electors shall meet in their respective the appoir.tment of the officers and the authority states and vote by ballot for two persons, of of training the militia according to the discipline whom one at least shall not be an inhabitant of prescribed by congress.

the same state with themselves. And they shall 16. To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases make a list of all the persons voted for and of whatsoever over sus district (not exceeding ten the number of votes for each, which list they shall miles Square) as may, by cession of particular sign and certify and transmit sealed to the seat states and the acceptance of congress, become the of government of the United States, directed to seat of government of the United States, and to the president of the senate. The president of the exercise like authority over all places purchased, senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and by the consent of the legislature of the state in house of representatives, open all the certificates which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, and the votes shall then be counted. The magazines, arsenals, dockyards and all other need person having the greatest number of votes ful buildings; and,

shall be the president, if such number be a ma. 17. To make all laws which shall be necessary jority of the whole number of electors appointed, and proper for carrying into execution the fore. and if there be more than one who have such going powers and all other powers vested by this majority and have an equal number of votes, then constitutior in the government of the United the house of representatives shall immediateiy States or in any department or officer thereof. choose, by ballot, one of them for president; and

Section IX. 1. The migration or importation of if no person have a majority, then from the five such persons as any of the states now existing highest on the list the said house shall, in like shall think proper to admit shall not be manner, choose the president. But in choosing the prohibited by the congress prior to the year one president the votes shall be taken by states, the thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or representation from each state having one vote; duty may be imposed on such importation, not ex a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a mem, ceeding $10 for each person.

ber or members from two-thirds of the states, and 2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus a majority of all the states shall be necessary to shall not be suspended, unless when, in cases of a choice. In every case after the choice of the rebellion or invasion, the public safety may re president the person having the greatest number quire it.

of votes of the electors shall be the vice-president. 3. No bill of attainder or ex post facto law | But if there should remain two or more who have shall be passed.

I equal votes the senate shall choose from them, by

d water and sthat us

of all the case afternet greatest esident. a mašice. in everson havini he the core who have

ballot, the vice-president. [The foregoing pro both of the Supreme and inferior courts, shall visions were changed by the 12th amendment.]. hold their offices during good behavior, and shall,

4. The congress may determine the time of at stated times, receive for their services a com choosing the electors and the day on which they pensation, wbich shall not be diminished during shall give their votes, which day shall be the their continuance in oifice. same throughout the United States.

Section II. 1. The judicial power shall extend 5. No rerson except a natural-born citizen or a

to all cases, in law and equity, arising under this citizen of the United States at the time of the

constitution, the laws of the United States and adoption of this constitution shall be eligible to

treaties made or which shall be made, under their the office of president; neither shall any person

authority; to all cases affecting ambassadors, other be eligible to that office who shall not have at

public ministers and consuls; to all cases of adtained to the age of 35 years and been fourteen

miralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies years a resident within the United States.

to which the United States shall be a party; to 6. In case of the removal of the president from

controversies between two or more states; between office or of his death, resignation or inability to

a state and citizens of another state; between citdischarge the powers and duties of the said of

izens of different states; between citizens of the fice, the same shall devolve on the vice-president;

same state, claiming lands under grants of differand the congress may, by law, provide for the

ent states, and between a state or the citizens case of removal, death, resignation or inability

thereof and foreign states, citizens or subjects. both of the president and vice-president, declaring

2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other pubwhat officer shall then act as president, and such

lic ministers and consuls and those in which a officer shall act accordingly, until the disability

state shall be a party the Supreme court shall be removed or a president shall be elected.

have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases 7. The president shall, at stated times, re.

before mentioned the Supreme court shall have ceive for his services a compensation, which shall

appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, neither be increased nor diminished during the

with such exceptions and under such regulations period for which he shall have been elected, and

as the congress shall make. he shall not receive within that period any other

3. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of emolument from the United States or any of them.

impeachmient, shall be by jury, and such trials 8. Before he enters on the execution of his of

shall be held in the state where the said crimes fice he shall take the following oath or affirma

shall have been committed, but when not comtion:

mitted within any state the trial shall be at such I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faith

place or places as the congness may by law have fully execute the office of president of the United

directed. States, and will, to the best of my ability, pre

Section III. 1. Treason against the United serve, protect and defend the constitution of the

States shall consist only in levying war against United States.

them or in adhering to their enemies, giving them Section II. 1. The president shall be command aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of er in chief of the army and navy of the United t neason unless on the testimony of two witnesses States and of the militia of the several states to the same overt act or on confession in open when called into the actual service of the United court. States. He may require the opinion, in writing, 2. The congress shall have power to declare of the principal officer in each of the executive the punishment of treason, but no attainder of departments upon any subject relating to the treason shall work corruption of blood or forduties of their respective offices, and he shall have feiture except during the life of the person atthe power to grant reprieves and pardons for of tainted. fenses against the United States except in cases

ARTICLE IV. of impeachment.

Section 1. Full faith and credit shall be given 2. He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, to make treaties,

in each state to the public acts, records and

judicial proceedings of every other state. And provided two-thirds of the senator's present concur, and he shall nominate, and, by and with the ad.

the congress may, by general laws, prescribe the vice and consent of ihe senatie, shall appoint am

manner in which such acts, records and proceedbassadors, other public ministers and consuls,

ings shall be proved and the effect thereof. judges of the Supreme court and all other officers Section II. 1. The citizens of each state shall of the United States whose appointments are not be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citherein otherwise provided for and which shall be izens in the several states. established by law. But the congress may, by 2. A person charged in any state with treason, law. vest the appointment of such inferior of felony or other crime, who shall flee from justice ficers as they shall think proper in the president and be found in another state, shall, on demand alone, in the courts of law or in the heads of de of the executive authority of the state from which partments.

he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the 3. The president shall have power to fill up all state having jurisdiction of the crime. vacancies that may happen during the recess of 3. No person held to seryice or labor in one the senate by granting commissions, which shall state under the laws thereof, escaping into anexpire at the end of their next session..

other, shall, in consequence of any law or regulaSection III. He shall, from time to time, give tion therein, be discharged from such service or to the congress information of the state of the labor, but shall be delivered upon claim of the union and recommend to their consideration such party to whom such service or labor may be due. measures as he shall judge necessary and ex. Section III. 1. New states may be admitted by pedient. He may, on extraordinary occasions, con the congress of this union, but no new state shall vene both houses or either of them, and in case be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of of disagreement between them, with respect to any other state, nor any state be formed by the the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them

junction of two or more states or parts of states, to such time as he shall think proper. He shall

without the consent of the legislatures of the receive ambassadors and other public ministers.

states concerned as well as of the congress. He shall take care that the laws be faithfully

2. The congress shall have power to dispose executed, and shall commission all officers of the

of and make all needful rules and regulations reUnited States.

specting the territory or other property belonging Section IV. The president, vice-president and all to the United States, and nothing in this constitucivil officers of the United States shall be removed tion shall be so construed as to prejudice any from office on impeachment for and conviction of claims of the United States or of any particular treason, bribery or other high crimes and mis state. demeanors.

Section IV. The United States shall guarantee ARTICLE III.

to every state in this union a republican form of Section 1. The judicial power of the United government, and shall protect each of them against States shall be vested in one Supreme court and invasion, and on application of the legislature or in such inferior courts as the congress may, from of the executive (when the legislature cannot be time to time, ordain and establish. The judges, | convened) against domestic violence.

of the Unite, otherwis ved, and be right of



of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any The congress, whenever two-thirds of both houses

criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor shall deem it necessary, shall propose amendments

be deprived of life, liberty or property without to this cor.stitution, or, on the application of the due process of law; nor shall private property be legislatures of two-thirds of the several states,

taken for public use without just compensation. shall call a convention for proposing amendments, VI. In all criminal prosecutions the accused which, in either case, shall be valid to all in shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial tents and purposes as part of this constitution, | by an impartial - jury of the state and district when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths wherein the crime shall have been committed, of the several states or by conventions in three which district shall have been previously ascerfourths theneof, as the one or the other mode of tained by law, and to be informed of the nature ratification may be proposed by the congress; pro and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with vided, that no amendment which may be made the witnesses against him; to have compulsory prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and eight shall in any manner affect the first and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense. fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first VII. in suits at common law, where the value article, and that no state, without its consent, in controversy shall exceed $20, the right of trial shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a senate.

jury shall be otherwise re-examined in any court ARTICLE VI.

of the United States than according to the rules Section 1. 1. All debts contracted and engage of the common law. ments entered into before the adoption of this VIII. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor constitution shall be as valid against the United excessive fines impose, nor cruel and unusual pun States under this constitution as under the con ishments inflicted. federation.

IX. The enumeration in the constitution of cer2. This constitution and the laws of the United tain rights shall not be construed to deny or disStates which shall be made in pursuance thereof, parage others retained by the people. and all treaties made or which shall be made in.

X. The powers not delegated to the United der authority of the United States, shall be the 2'11

States by the constitution nor prohibited by it to preme law of the land, and the judges in every

the states are preserved to the states respectively state shall be bound thereby, anything in the con or to the people. stitution or laws of any state to the contrary not

XI. The judicial power of the United States withstanding.

shall not be construed to extend to any suit in 3. The senators and representatives before men

law or equity commenced or prosecuted against tioned and the members of the several state leg

one of the United States by citizens of another islatures and all executive and judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several states,

state or by citizens or subjects of any foreign

state. shall be bound, by oath or affirmation, to support this constitution, but no religious test shall ever

XII. Section 1. The electors shall meet in their be required as a qualification to any office or pub

respective states and vote by ballot for president lic trust under the United States.

and vice-president, one of whom at least shall not

be an inhabitant of the same state with themARTICLE VII.

selves; they shall name in their ballots the perThe ratification of the conventions of nine states son voted for as president, and in distinct shall be sufficient for the establishment of this ballots the person voted for as vice-president, and constitution between the states so ratifying the they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted sa me.

for as president and of all persons voted for as Done in convention, by the unanimous consent vice-president, and of the number of votes for of the states present, the seventeenth day of Sep each, which list they shall sign and certify and tember, in the year of our Lord one thousand transmit sealed to the seat of the government of seven hundred and eighty-seven, and of the inde the United States, directed to the president of the pendence of the United States of America the senate; the president of the Senate shall, in the twelfth.

presence of the Senate and house of representa

tives, open all the certificates and the votes shall AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION. then be counted; the person having the greatest Proposed by congress and ratified by the legis

number of votes for president shall be the presilatures of the several states, pursuant to article

dent, if such number be a majority of the whole V. of the original constitutionFor the first twelve,

number of electors appointed, and if no person have 1 stat. at large, 21. Thirteenth proposed, 13

such majority, then from the persons having the Id., 567; proclaimed, Id., 774. Fourteenth pro

highest nr.mbers, not exceeding three, on the list posed. 14 Id., 358; proclaimed, 15 Id., 706, 708

of those voted for as president, the house of repFifteenth proposed, 15 Id., 346.

resentatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, I. Congress shall make no law respecting an

for president. But in choosing the president the establishment of neligion or prohibiting the free

votes shall be taken by states, the repnesentation exercise thereof, or abridging the freedom of

from each state having one vote; a quorum for speech or of the press, or the right of the people

this purpose shall consist of a member or members peaceably to assemble and to petition the gov

from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all ernment for a redress of grievances.

the states shall be necessary to a choice. And if II. A well-regulated militia being necessary to

the house of representatives shall not choose a the security of a free state, the right of the peo

president whenever the right of choice shall deple to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.

volve upon them before the fourth day of March III. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quar

next following, then the vice-president shall act tered in any house without the consent of the

as president, as in the case of the death or other owner; nor in wartime but in a manner to be pre

constitutional disability of the president. scribed by law.

Section 2. The person having the greatest num. IV. The right of the people to be secure in

ber of votes as vice-president shall be the vicetheir persons, houses, papers and effects against

president. if such number be a majority of the unreasonable searches and seizures shall not be

whole number of electors appointed, and if no violated, and no warrants shall issue but upon

person have a majority, then from the two highest probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, numbers on the list the Senate shall choose a and particularly describing the place to be searched vice-president. A quorum for the purpose shall and the persons or things to be seized.

consist of two-thirds of the whole number of senV. No person shall be held to answer for a cap

ators and a majority of the whole number shai! ital or otherwise infamous crime unless on a pre

be necessary to a choice. sentment or indictment of a grand jury except in Section 3. But no person constitutionally incases arising in the land or naval forces or in eligible to the office of president shall be eligible the militia, when in actual service, in time of war to that of vice-president of the United States. or public danger; nor shall any person be subject XIII. Section 1. Neither slavery nor involunfor the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy tary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shali have been duly con representative in congress or eleetor of president vieted, shall exist within the United States or any and vice-president, or hold any office, civil or place subject to their jurisdiction,

military, under the United States, or under any Section 2. Congress shall have the power to state, who. having previously taken the oath as enforce this article by appropriate legislation. a member of congress or as an officer of the United

XIV. Section 1. All persons born or naturalized States, or as a member of any state legislature, in the United States and subject to the jurisdie or as an executive or judicial officer of any state, tion thereof are citizens of the Cnited States and to support the constitution of the United States, of the state wherein they reside. Vo state shall shall have engaged in insurreetion or rebellion make or enforce any law which shall abridge the against the same or given aid or comfort to the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United enemies thereof. But congress may. by a vote of States, nor shall any state deprive any person of two-thirds of each pouse, remove such disability. life, liberty or property without due process of Section 4. The validity of the public debt of law. nor deny to any person within its jurisdie- the United States, authorized by law, including tion the equal protection of the laws.

debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounSection 2. Representatives shall be apportioned ties for services in suppressing insurrection or reamong the several states according to their re bellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the spective numbers, counting the whole number of United States nor any state shall assume or pay persons in each state, excluding Indians not taxed. any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrec. But when the right to vote at any election for tion or rebellion against the United States or any. the choice of electors for president and vice-pregi. claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave, dent of the Cnited states, representatives in con but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be gress, the executive and judicial officers of a state held illegal and void. or the members of the legislature thereof is denied Sertion 5. The congress shall have the power to to any of the male inhabitants of such state, being enforce by appropriate legislation the provisions 21 years of age and citizens of the t'nited States, of this article. or in any way abridged, except for participation XV. Section 1. The right of citizens of the in rebellion or other crime, the basis of nepre United States to vote shall not be denied or sentation therein shall he reduced in the propor abridged by the United States or any state on tion which the number of such male citizens shall account of race, color or previous condition of bear to the whole number of male citizens 21 servitude. years of age in such state.

Section 2. The congress shall have power to en. Section 3. No person shall be a senator or 'force this article by appropriate legislation,


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In the annual record target practice of the tex Veggels competing for the gunboat trophy: sels of the United States navy in 1907 the Atlantie 1. Princetont ......73.335 | 6. Paragua ........36.191 fleet had a standing of 59.346 per cent of the 2. Wilmington .....62.139 7. Pampanga .....32.524 highest final merit and the Paeific fieet 59.241 per 3. Paducah .........57.968 8. Arayat .........30.314 cent. In the squadrons the second of the Pacific 14. Dubuque ........52.7931 9. Elcano .........29.39-4 fleet was first with a record of 74.866, and in the 5. Yankton .........51.217 10. Rainbow .......19.964 divisions the fourth of the Pacific fleet had 76.696. Vessels competing for the torpedo trophy (guns Following is the record of the vessels singly, the and torpedoes both counted): trophy winners being marked and the "star" 1. Preblet ..........78.822 8. Macdonough ...60.418 ships, or those having a final merit of 85 per cent 2. Stocktont .. .....79.511 9. Worden ....58.659 of the mark given the trophy winners in the re. 3. Wilkest .. -.74.061 10. Trustun ..... ..56.128 spective classes, being marked f:

4. De Longt ..72.213 11. Barry ..........54.408 5. Hullt ...

............70.727 12. Whipple ........39.55 Vessels competing for the battle-ship trophy:

6. Paul Jones ......65.212 Stringham .....11.568 1. Illinoist ...75.782 8. Missouri ........59.934 17. Blakely ....63.7131 2. Kearsarget .75.428 9. Pennsylvania..54.605 (Guns only counted.) 3. Kentuckyf. ..70.832 10. West Virginia..54.119 1. Hull

.....76.541 8. Macdonough ...50.215 4. Alabama ........64.337 11. Iowa ...........51.585 2. Worden .. ....71.303 9. Wilkes .. .......39.746 5. Maryland ...62.178 12. Maine .. ....48.797 3. Blakely .....70.701 10. De Long .......32.739 6. Indiana ..

13. Ohio .... .....37.120 4. Preble .. .....68.218 11. Whipple

........19.053 7. Colorado .........61.623

5. Paul Jones ....67 619 ! 12. Truxtun


.17.775 Counting guns only: Missouri, 63.975; Maine,

6. Stockton ........64.969 | 13. Stringham ... .13.4.42

7. Barry ............64.259 52.406; Ohio, 28.045.

(Torpedoes, only counted.) Vessels competing for the cruiser trophy:

1. Preble
.92.962 Hall

.62.003 1. Bostont .. ....79.997 7. Tacoma ........56.827 2. Trustun .. ...85.243 Paul Jones .....62.013 2. Raleight. ....79.382 8. Des Moines ....54.20? 3. Wilkes

..89.640 Whipple ........62.003 3. Chicagot

..75.469 9. Concord . .....46 587 4. De Long ........82.592 11. Barry ...........41.273 4. Charleston .75.941 10. Galveston .. .39.956 5. Stockton ....81.896 12. Worden ........39.575 5. Yorktownt ...72.837 11. Cincinnati ..30.311 6. Macdonough ....72.321 13. Stringham ....10.319 6. Chattanooga ...66.935

7. Blakely ...


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EXTENT OF UNITED STATES TERRITORY. The easternmost point of the United States | Rico, in 65 degrees 13 minutes and 15 seconds mainland is West Quoddy headlight, Maine, the west longitude and the westernmost point is West longitude of which is 66 degrees 57 minutes and 4 Balabac island in the Philippines, in longitude seconds west, and the westernmost point is Cape | 116 degrees and 55 minutes east. When it is sunFlattery, Washington, which is 124 degrees 44 rise on the coast of Maine it is sunset of the minutes and 5 seconds west. The eastern most previous day in the Philippines, so the old saying point of any of the United States possessions is that the sun never sets on British soil is also true Reef point. Culebra, off the east coast of Porto' of the domain of the United States.


In nautical miles. Atlantic coast.. 1,773 | Hawaiian islands...

8 Western rivers.

4,344 Gulf coast.. 1,607 Guam .....

Total .........

.17,539 Porto Rico..... ... 269 Midway ...........

Philippines .....

...11.444 Pacific coast.....

... 1.571 Samoan islands..... Alaska ........... .. 4,123 | Northern lakes and rivers... 3,041 | Grand total........


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