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Capital. I Wage

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Estab

Cost of ma- Value of
GROUP.
lish-

Wages.
sus.
ments.
earners.

terials used products. 1905 45,790 $1,173,151,276 354,054 $164,601,803 $2,304,416,564 $2,845,234,900 Food and kindred products.... ....

1900 41,159 900,927,187 301,305 125,333,463 1,778,644,270 2,193,791,594

$ 1905 17,042 1,744,169,234 1,156,305 419,841,630 1,246.562,061 2,147,441,418 Textiles ................................

2 1900 17,647 1,340,633,629 1,022,123 341,651.466 894,846.961 1,628,606,214

1905) 14,239 2,331,498,157) 857.298 482,357,503 1,179,981,458 2,176,739,726 Iron and steel and their products..

1900 13,874 1,538,459,831 737,986) 384.233,365 993,965,831 1,806,278,241 Lumber and its remanufactures.....

1905 32,726 1,013.827,138 735,945 336,058,173 518,908,150 1,223,730,336 19001 35,181 730,067,675 672.655 253,626.194 481,761,505 1,009,778,057

1905 4,915 440,777,194 255,368 116,694,140 471,112,921 Leather and its finished products

705,747,470 1900 5,313 327,804,674 241,662 98,726,363 390,678,471) 569,619,254 1905

798,758.312 350.205 185,547.791 308,269,655 857,112,256 Paper and printing ................

1900 26,605 557,131.055 297,320 139,950,715 213,701,954 605,114,817 1905 6.381 659,547,620

68,3401

45,146,285 139,854,147) Liquors and beverages...........

501,266,605 1900 5,740 515,160,244 55,120 33,217,604 93,815,032 382,898,381 $ 1905

9,6801 1,504,728,510 Chemicals and allied products.....

210,165 93,965,248 609,351,160 1,031,965,263 1900 8,812 1,139,093,102 182,227 71,594,508 437,637,550 735,432,542

1905 10,775 553.846,682 285,365 148,471,903) 123, 124,392 391,230,422 Clay, glass and stone products......

11,527 335,400,558 231,753 102,867,056 85,168, 409 270.726,065 Metals and metal products other (1905 6,310 598,310,758 211,706 '117599,837 644.367,583 922.262,457 than iron and steel......

1900 5,505 389,735,215 171,963 87, 198, 156 481, 190,510 710,525, 156

1905 16,828 323,983,501 159,408 62,640.303) 126.088.608 331,117,681 Tobacco..

1900 14,959 111,517 318 132,526 47,975,331 92,866,542 263,713, 173

7,285 447,697,020 384,577 221,860,517 331,244,370 643,924,442 Vehicles for land transportation....

1900 8,739 394,235,576 314,340 163,698,574 267,129,730 505,094,451

1905 1.097 121,623,700 50,754 29.241,087 37,463,179 82,769,239 Shipbuilding.

1900 1,107 77,341.001 46,747 24,824,738) 33,474,896 74,532,277 Miscellaneous industries ......

| 1905 12,377 974,316,571) 390,831 187,514,312 460,205,501 941,604,873 1900 11,394

307,296 134,833,266) 332,732,413) 655,010,866

1905| 216,262 12,686,265,673) 5,470,321) 2,611,540,532 8.503.949.7756 14.802.147.087 United States....

1900 207,562) 8,978,825,200 4,715,023 2,009,735,799 6,577,614,074) 11,411,121,122

1905

British

colonies, etc.

STATISTICS OF POPULATION.

POPULATION OF THE WORLD. [Based upon the Statesman's Year-Book for 1907 and publications of the bureau of the census. ] BY GRAND DIVISIONS.

Tibet (1906)............ 6,500,000 Nicaragua (1900)....... 500,000 Africa i....

148,388,682
Turkestan,

340,000 Chinese

Panama (1905) ......... Asia

874,409,856

(1906) ...........

................

1,200,000
1,200,0

953,243

Porto Rico (1899)..... Europe

403,723, 187

Turkey in Asia (1900). 16,898,700 Salvador (1901).......... 1,006,848 .... North America ..... 115,025, 415 416 Weihaiwei (1903).......

131,000 Santo Domingo (1888). 610,000 Oceania.

84,216,433 50,996, 238

United States (1906)..
South America ......

Total
43,628,168
................ 874,413,030

Windward isl’ds (1903) 372,631 *Including French India. Total ................1,636,171,846

EUROPE.

Total ................. 115,025, 415
AFRICA.
Andorra (1901)......

5,231 *Including Labrador. Including Abyssinia (est. 1902).. 9,000,000 Austria-Hungary (190

Alaska,

46,973,359 Anglo-Egyptian Sudan

Belgium (1900).....

6,693,548

OCEANIA.
(1901) ....
2,000,000 Bulgaria (1905)...... 4,028,239

Australian Federation
Crete (1904)......

310,400

(1901) (1901) .................

...

4,406,761 Cyprus (1901)..... 34,057.621

248,114 Egypt (est. 1907).......

Borneo and Sarawak 9,734, 405 Denmark (1906)..... 2,605,268

(1906) .. French Africa (1901)...

660,000 38,961,945 34,092,310 France (1901)......

Dutch East Indies (1900) German Africa

36,000,000

60,641,278
(est.
Germany (1905)......

Fiji islands (1901)..... 1907)

121,872 ..................

43,659,121 12,210,000 Great Britain (1905)...

Guam (1900)....... Italian

9,000

2,645, 175
Africa (est.
Greece (est. 1903)..

Hawaii (1900)...... 1902) ....

154,001 450,000

78,470 Iceland (1901).......

4.280 Kongo Independe

Italy

Marquesas isl'ds (1897) (1906)......... 33.733,198

13,000

Marshall islands (1901) State (est. 1907).....

Luxemburg (1900)... 30,000,000

236,543

New Caledonia* (1901) Liberia (est. 1907).....

82,350 2,120.000 Monaco

15,180

(1900)... Morocco (1907) 4,580,000 Montenegro (1905)....

New Guinea, British 230,000

(1901)

5,591, 701

Netherlands (1905)... Portuguese Africa (est.

.................

410,000 1907) Norway (1900).......

New Guinea, German 9,144,316

2,240,032

(1905) Spanish

...........

395,000

5,423, 132 Africa

Portugal (1900)...... (est.

888,639 1904) ..............

New Zealand (1901).::
(1899)....
291,946 Roumania

5,956,690
1

Philippine islands (1903) 7,635,426 Turkish Africa (est.

Russia

107,446,199

(1897).... 1902) ..........

Samoan islands (1901). 33.000 ...

San Marino (1899).... 11,002 1,000,000

Society islands (1897). 11,896 Servia (1905)....

2,492,882

Solomon islands (1905) Total ................ 148,388,682

18,618,086

150,000 Spain (1900). Sweden (1905).

21,103 5,294,885

Tonga islands (1901)...
ASIA.

Switzerland (1905)..... 3,463.609
Afghanistan (est. 1907) 5,000,000
Turkey (1900)......... 6,130,200

Total ............ ... 50,996,328 Bhutan (1907).......... 40,000

*Including other French dependCeylon (1906) ..........

3,950,123
Total ................

403,723,487 encies. China (1906) ...

407,253,030 French Indo China*

NORTH AMERICA.

SOUTH AMERICA, (1906) ...............

21,518,000 Bahamas (1901)...... 58,175 Argentine Republic Hongkong (1901) ...... 489, 805 Bermuda (1901)......

20,209 1 (est. 1905)......

5,678,197 India, British (1901).. 294,317,082 Canada (1901).....

5,683,396 Bolivia (1906)...

2,267,935 Japan (1905).... 50,871,373 Costa Rica (1905).

334,297 Brazil (1900).

17,371,059 Kiauchau (1903)..... 33,000 Cuba (1899)....... 1,572,845 Chile (1903)....

3,206 042 Korea (1900)....... 10,000,000 Curacao (1904)..

53,486 Colombia (1905)...... 4,279,674 Labuan (1901)...... 9.000 | Danish West Indies

Ecuador (1902).....

1,205,600 Malay states (1906)... 871,974 (1901).

30,527 Falkland islands (1901) 2,076 Manchuria (1904)...... 16.000,000 French islands (1901).. 425,050 Guiana, British (1891). 296,565 Mongolia (1904)....... 2,600,000 Greenland (1901).....

11,893 Guiana French (1901) 32,908 Nepal (1900).........

5.000.000 Guatemala (1903)...... 1,842,134 Guiana, Dutch (1904).. 74,578 Oman (1900)......... 800.000 Haiti (1905)..........

1,425,000 Paraguay (1905)........ 631.347 Persia (1902)..... 9,500,000 | Honduras (1901)....

744,901 | Peru (1896)......

4,609,999 Portuguese Asia (1901) 895,789 Honduras, British (19

38,981 Trinidad (1901).

331,600 Russia in Asia (1901).. 19,125,926 Jamaica (1902).....

817,560 Uruguay (1904).....

1,038,086 Samos (1902)........... 54,834 Leeward islands (1901) 132,360 Venezuela (1905).

2,602, 492 Siam (1900)............: 6,686,846 Mexico (1900)....

13,605,919
Straits Set'm'ts (1906) 871,974 Newfoundland*" (1901). 229,527 ) Total

43,628,168
CITIES OF 1,000,000 OR MORE INHABITANTS.
Census
Census

Census
City,
year.Population. City.
year.Population. City.

year.Population. London* . . 1906 7,113,561 | Berlin ..

....1905

2,040,148 St. Petersburg.... 1905 1,429,000 New York...... ... 1906

4,113,043 Tokyo ..... .......1903 1,818,655 Constantinople ... 1905 1,106.000 Paris ........ ...1901 2,714,068 Vienna ............1900 1.674,957 Moscow ........... 1902 1,092,360 Chicago ..... ...1907 2,107,620 | Philadelphia ..... 1906 1,441,735 I Calcutta ..........1901 1,026,987

Chinese cities are not included in the list be. | as 1,000,000 each; Canton, 900,000; Tientsin, 900,000, cause of the lack of reliable statistics as to their and Pekin, 700.000. Other estimates are much actual population. The Statesman's Year-Book for higher. 1907 gives the population of Siangtan and Singan

*Greater London. URBAN POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES.

(Twelfth census, 1900. YEAR. Total. | Urban. 11

| Total, | Urban. Prill YEAR. | Total. Urban.

ct. 1900....... 75,468,039 24,992,199 33.1 1860. 31.443.321! 5.072,256 16.1 1820..

9,638,453 475,135 4.9 1890.. 62.622.250 18.272,503 29.2 1850... 23.191.876 2.897.586 12.5 1810.

7.239.881 356,920 4.9 50.155.783 11.318.547 22.6 1840. 17.069.453 1,453.994 8 5 1800.

5.308.483 210,873 4.0 ..38.558.371 8,071.875 20.9 1830... ..12.866.020 8 64.509) 6.7 1790...... 3.929.214! 131.472 3.4 In the above table the total population for 1900 or more inhabitants. On the basis of places of is exclusive of residents on Indian lands and of | 4.000 or more inhabitants the urban population of Hawaii. The urban population in all cases in- | the United States in 1900 was 28,411,698, or 37.3 cludes persons living in cities and towns of 8,000 per cent.

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1880..
1870......

POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES AT EACH CENSUS (1790-1840).

[From the reports of the superintendents of the census.]

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CENTER OF POPULATION AND ITS MEDIAN POINT. The center of population is the center of gravity median point in 1900 was at Spartanburg, Ind., of the population of the country each individual or latitude 40 degrees 4 minutes and 22 seconds being assumed to have the same weight. What is

and longitude 84 degrees 51 minutes and 29 seconds.

The center of area of the United States, exknown as the median point is the point of inter

cluding Alaska and Hawaii and other recent acces. section of the line dividing the population equally sions, is in northern Kansas, in approximate lat. north and south with the line dividing it equally itude 39 degrees 55 minutes and approximate lon. east and west. The center of population in 1900 gitude 98 degrees 50 minutes. The center of popwas at a point six miles southeast of Columbus, ulation is therefore about three-fourths of a de. Ind., or north latitude 39 degrees and 9.5 minutes gree south and more than thirteen degrees east and west longitude 85 degrees 48.9 minutes. The of the center of area.

POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES AT EACH CENSUS (1850-1900).

[From the reports of the superintendents of the census.]

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Alabama..
Arkansas..
California.
Colorado...
Connecticut..
Delaware.
Florida
Georgia...
Idaho .....
Illinois
Indiana...
lowa.....
Kansas
Kentucky...
Louisiana..
Maine...
Maryland..
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi.
Missouri..
Montana....
Nebraska....
Nevada...
New Hampshire.
New Jersey...
New York......
North Carolina..
North Dakota ...
Ohio.....
Oregon........
Pennsylvania.
Rhode Island...
South Carolina.
South Dakota...
Tennessee....
Texas.....
Utah..........
Vermont..
Virginia......
Washington...
West Virginia
Wisconsin ....
Wyoming......

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NOTE-The narrow column under each census year shows the order of the states and territories when arranged according to magnitude of population.

POPULATION BY CONJUGAL CONDITION.

(United States census, 1900.)

CONDITION.

Both sexes.

Per

Males.

Females.

cent.
57.9
36.5

Per
cent.
60.6
35.9
3.0

Per cent. 55.1 37.2 7.3

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23.666,836
14.003,798
1,182.293

81,903

121,412 39,059,242

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20,520,319
13,845,963
2,721,564
114,965

41,334
37,244,145

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224

POPULATION AND AREA OF THE UNITED STATES.

From bulletin No. 71 of the bureau of the census.)
ESTIMATED POPULATION. No. of persons

AREA IN SQUARE MILES.

per sq. mile. STATE OR TERRITORY.

1906. i 1905. I 1904. 1906., 1900. Total. , Land. , Water. Alabama .. 2,017,877 1,986,347 1,954,817

36 51,998 51,279 Arizona.... 143,745 140.276 136.807

113,956 113,840

116 Arkansas.... 1,421.574 1,403,239 1,384,904

63,335 52,525

810 California... 1,648,049 1,620,883 1,593,717

158,297 156,092 2,205 Colorado ..... 615,570 602.925 590,280

103,918 103,658 290 Connecticut.. 1,005,716 989,500 973,281

4,965
4.820

145 Delaware... 191,479 192,855 191,231

2,370 1,965

405 District of C 307, 716 302,883 298,050 5,129 ,615

70

60 Florida .. 629,341 *612,541 595,741

58.666 54,861 3,805 2,443,719 2,405.821 2,367.923 Georgia..

59,265 Idaho.... 205,704 198,382 191,060

84,313 83.779 534 Mlinois... 5,418,670 5,319,150 5,219,630

56,665 56,002 4663 Indian Territory 519,188 498,000 476,812

31,209 30,790

419 Indiana.. 2,710,898 2,678,492 2,646,086

36,351 35,885 1469 *2,210.050 2,205,690 2,214,411

56,147 55,586 561 lowa... Kansas....... *1.612,471 *1.545,979 *1,534,471

82,158 81,774

384 Kentucky...... 2,320.298 2,291,441 2,262,590

40,598 40,181 417 Louisiana..... 1,539,449 1,513,145 1,486,841

48.506 45,409 3,097 Maine 714,494 711.156 707.818

33,040 29,895 3,145 Maryland.. 1.275,434 1,260.869 1.246,304 128

12,327 9,941 2.386 Massachusetts 3.043,346 *3.003.680 2,961,013

8,266
8.039

227 Michigan. 2,581,533 2,557,275 $2,530.016

57,980 57,480 1500 Minnesota 2,025,615 *1,979,912 1,934,208

81.682 80,858 13,821 Mississippi .. 1.708,272 1,682,105 1.655,938

46,865 46.362

503 Missouri. 3,363,153 3,320,405 3,277,657

69,420 68,727

693 Montana... 303,575 293,534 283,493

146,572 145,776 Nebraska... 1,003,484 1,068,120 1,067, 756

177,520 76,808

712 Nevada.. 42,335 42,335 42,335

110,690 109, 21 869 New Hampshire 432,624 429,118 425,612

9,341

9,031
New Jersey...
2,196,237 *2,144,143 2.092,048

8,224
7,514

710 New Mexico. 216,328 212,825 209,322

122,634 122,503 131 New York. ....... 8.226,990 *8,067,308 7,907,625

153 49,204 47,654 11,550 North Carolina.. 2,059,326 2,031,710 2,004,154

52,426 48.740 3,686 North Dakota 463,784 *439,678 415,571

70.837 70,183 Ohio........ 4,418,677 4,400, 155 4,351,633

102

41,010 40,740 Oklahoma...... 590,247 558.261 526,275

38,848 38,624 Oregon......... 474,738 *464,538 454,337

96,699 95,607 1,092 Pennsylvania. 6,928,515 6,824,115 6,719,715

110 45,126 44,832 1294 Rhode Island..... 490,387 *480,082 469,776

407
1,248 1,067

181 South Carolina.... 1,453,818 1,434,90i 1,415,984

30,989 30,495 South Dakota.. 465,908 *455,185 414,462

77.615 76.868 Tennessee....... 2,172,476 2,147,166 2,121,856

42.022 41.687

335 Texas....... 3, 136,618 3,455,300 3,373,982

265,896 262.398 3.498 Uiah ....... 316,331 309,734 303,137

81,990 82.184 2,806 Vermont... 350,373 349, 251 318,129

9,561 9,124

440 Virginia 1,973,104 1,953,284 1,933,464

42.627 40,262 2,365 Washington...... 614,625 598,538 582,451

69, 127 66,836 2,291 West Virginia. 1,076,406 1,056,805 1,037,204

24,170 24,022 Wisconsin.. 2,260.930 *2,228,949 2,196,967

56,066 55,256

1810 Wyoming........ 103,673 *101,816 99,959

97,914 97,594

320 Alaska.... 82,516 79.362 76,208

590,881 Hawaii.......... 192,407 186,006 179,605

6.449 United States..... 84,216,433 82.839,563 81.517,669

3,624,122 Continental United States. J 83,941 510 82.574,195 1 81,261.866 28 26 3,026,789 2,974.159 *State census. Less than 1 person per square within the jurisdiction of the United States. mile. Exclusive of areas in great lakes. These NOTE-The areas of the United States and inare as follows: Illinois, 1,674 square miles in Lake sular possessions have been computed generally Michigan; Indiana, 230 in Lake Michigan; Michi by planimeter measurements from the latest maps. gan, 16,653 in Lake Superior, 12,922 in Lake Mich Slight differences in the figures published hither igan, 9,925 in Lake Huron and 460 in Lakes St. to by the geological survey, general land office Clair and Erie: Minnesota, 2,514 in Lake Superior; and the bureau of the census, due principally to New York, 3,140 in Lakes 'Ontario and Erie: Ohio, variations in the maps used, were adjusted at a 3,443 in Lake Erie; Pennsylvania, 891 in Lake recent conference of representatives of these buTrie: Wisconsin. 2.378 in Lake Superior and 7,500 reaus and an agreement was reached in regard in Lake Michigan. Does not include the water to the areas. The figures agreed upon are those surface of the oceans nor the Gulf of Mexico lying I given in the foregoing table.

AREA BY FEDERAL CENSUS YEARS. Excluding Alaska and islands, the gross area at each census from 1790 to 1900 compares as follows: Census year. Sq. miles. Census year. Sg. miles, Census year. Sq. miles. Census year. Sq, miles. 1900. ......3,025,600 1870...... .3,025,600

1810.
.....2,059,013 1810.....

.....1,999,775 1890... .3,025,600 1860...... .3.025,60G 1830.... ........2,059,013

1800.....

827,814 1880. ..3,025,600 |

1850......
....2,980,959 1820. ............2,059,043
1820.

....827,844 POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES IN 1910.

[From census bulletin 71.] If to the total estimated population of conti

1900. 1906.

1910. nental United States for 1906 and 1910 a conserva. Guam .....

9,000 9,648 10,080 tive estimate of the population of Alaska and the Hawaii ....

154,001 192,407 218,012 outlying territory, Guam, Hawaii, Philippine Philippines

*7,635,426 7,912,593 8,282,149 islands, Porto Rico and Samoa, be added, we have Porto Rico ...

1953,243 1,037,028 1,088,588 the following:

Samoa .......

.. 6,100 6,538 6,830 Continental United 1900. 1906. 1910.

States ............... 75,994,575 83,941,510 89,153,792 Total .. .............84,815,937 293,182,240 98,854,583 Alaska .......

63,592 82,516 95,132 1 *Census of 1903. Census of 1899.

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Clap York, 3,140 in La keennsylvania, 891 ind 7,500

reaus andera

The figures agreed

1790.......

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