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POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES AT EACH CENSUS (1FJ0-1840).
[From the reports of the superintendents of the census.]

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CENTER OF POPULATION

The center of population is the center of gravity of the population of the country, each individual being assumed to have the same weight. What Is known as the median point is the point of intersection of the line dividing the population equally north and south with the line dividing It eauallv east and west. The center of population in 1900 was at a point six miles southeast of Columbus, Ind., or north latitude 39 degrees and 9.5 minutes and west longitude 85 degrees 48.9 minutes. The

AND ITS MEDIAN POINT. median point in 1900 was at Spartanburg. Ind.. or latitude 40 degrees 4 minutes and 22 seconds and longitude 84 degrees 51 minutes and 29 seconds. The center of area of the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii and other recent accessions, is in northern Kansas, In approximate latitude 39 degrees 55 minutes and approximate Ion gitude 98 degrees 50 minutes. The center of population Is therefore about three-fourths of a degree south and more than thirteen degrees east of the center of area.

POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES AT EACH CENSUS (1850-W00).
[From the reports of the superintendents of the census.]

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Nom-The narrow column under each census year shows the order of the states and territories when arranged according to magnitude of population.

POPULATION BY CONJUGAL CONDITION.

1 United States census, 1900]

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•State census. fLess than 1 person per sauare mile. {Exclusive of areas in great lakes. These are as follows: Illinois, 1,674 square miles in Lake Michigan; Indiana, 230 in Lake Michigan; Michigan, 16,653 In Lake Superior, 12,922 in Lake Michigan, 9,925 in Lake Huron and 460- in Lakes St. Clair and Erie; Minnesota, 2,514 in Lake Superior; New York. 3.140 in Lakes Ontario and Erie; Ohio, 3.443 in Lake Erie; Pennsylvania, 891 in Lake Erie; Wisconsin, 2,378 in Lake Superior and 7,500 In Lake Michigan. §Does not include the water surface of the oceans nor the Gulf of Mexico lying

within the jurisdiction of the United States.

Note—The areas of the United States and insular possessions have been computed generally by planimeter measurements from the latest maps. Slight differences In the figures published hither to by the geological survey, general land office and the bureau of the census, due principally to variations in the maps used, were adjusted at a recent conference of representatives of these bureaus and an agreement was reached in regard to the areas. The figures agreed upon are those given in the foregoing table.

AREA BY FEDERAL CENSUS YEARS.

Excluding Alaska and islands, the gross area at each census from 1790 to 1900 compares as follows:

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POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES IN
[From census bulletin 71.]

If to the total estimated population of conti-
nental United States for 1906 and 1910 a conserva-
tive estimate of the population of Alaska and the
outlying territory, Guam, Hawaii, Philippine
islands, Porto Rico and Samoa, be added, we have
the following:
Continental United 1900. 1906. 1910.

States 75,994,575 83,941,510 89,153.792

Alaska 63,592 82,516 95,132

1910.

1900.

Guam 9,000

Hawaii 154,001

Philippines *7,635,426

Porto Rico T953.243

Samoa 6,100

Total

•Census of 1903.

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POPULATION BY CERTAIN AGES AND BY LITERACY. [Census of 1900.1

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DENSITY OF POPULATION.,
Inhabitants per Bquare mile of land area in the states and territories in 1900.

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