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MORTALITY STATISTICS.

..........

Deaths per 1,000 of population in the registra

Annual av.

City. tion area of the United States and of various for

1900 to 1904.1901. 1902. 1903. 1904. 1905. eign countries in 1901 1905:

Boston

19.2 29.9 19.1 18.3 18.3 18.5

Buffalo
Annual av,

......15.4 15.4 14.7 16.0 16.0 15.6 Country. 1901 to 1904.1901. 1902. 1903. 1904. 1905. Chicago

......14.6 13.9 14.6 15.3 13.8 13.3 United States..........16.6 16.6 15.9 16.1 16.6 16.2 Cincinnati

......19.1 19.5 18.1 18.8 20.8 19.2 England and Wales...16.6 16.9 16.2 15.4 16.3 16.2 Cleveland

......16.1 15.2 15.8 16.6 15.4 14.7 Scotland .17.4 17.9 17.2 16.6 16.9 15.9 Denver.

.19.2 20.0 19.1 18.4 19.6 19.2 Ireland ........18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5 18.1 17.1

Detroit ....

.....15.6 15.3 15.6 15.8 14.9 14.4 Germany.

. 20.3 20.7 19.4 20.0 19.6 19.8 Fall River.... .....20.7 18.8 21.0 22.2 19.6 19.9 Prussia.

.....20.1 20.5 19.2 19.8 19.3 19.6 Grand Rapids.. ......13.4 12.9 12.3 13.4 14.8 14.3 Norway ....14.7 14.9 13.9 14.8 14.4

Indianapolis .....15.8 15.4 14.3 15.8 16.3 14.1 Sweden ......15.7 16.1 15.4 15.1 15.3

Jersey City..

19.6 19.2 18.7 18.7 20.8 19.0 Hungary .... 26.0 25.4 27.0 26.1 24.8

Kansas City.. .....17.1 16.1 15.8 17.4 19.7 15 9 Netherlands ...16.5 17.2 16.3 15.6 15.9 15.3 Louisville.

.....18.8 18.4 18.0 18.6 19.8 18.1 Belgium .... .....17.6 17.2 17.3 17.0

Memphis .... ......19.2 18.4 18.0 17.8 19.5 17.9 Switzerland ......18.0 18.0 17.2 17.6 17.8

Milwaukee ......13.6 13.2 12.6 13.5 13.6 13.0 Spain ...... .......26.7 27.7 26.1 25.0 25.8

Minneapolis ...... 10.6 11.7 10.0 10.4 9.6 9.4 Italy .....

.....22.2 22.0 22.1 22.2 20.9 21.7 New Haven... ......17.4 17.9 16.7 17.0 17.2 18.7 No figures available.

New Orleans.. ......23.1 22.3 22.3 22.3 22.3 23.7

New York..... ......19.4 19.9 18.6 18.0 20.1 18.4 CHIEF CAUSES OF DEATH IN THE UNITED

Omaha

.11.3 11.6 11.9 9.7 11.5 10.8

Philadelphia .....18.8 18.1 17.6 18.8
STATES.

18.8 17.7 Pittsburg.

.....20.7 20.0 22.0 21.7 19.8 20.0 Death rate per 100,000 of population. From cen Portland, Ore.. ... 12.1 12.4 11.7 12.7 13.5 13.7 sus bureau report.

Providence

...19.5 19.1 18.4 20.6 18.5 17.5 Cause of death. Annual av.

St. Louis....

...18.1 18.0 17.3 18.2 18.8 16.9 Increasing rates: 1900 to 1904.1901. 1902. 1903. 1904. 1905. St. Paul.......

..10.0 10.4 10.

0 9 .7 10.0 10.0 Nephritis and Bright's

Salt Lake City........17.8 15.9 19.2 19.4 18.3 18.3 disease

94.4 89.5 91.3 97.8 103.8 104.3 San Antonio. ......24.4 24.7 26.6 22.5 25.3 24.5 Apoplexy .... ..... 69.0 68.4 68.5 68.6 71.9 72.2 San Francisco.........21.0 20.6 21.6 21.3 20.8 20.1 Cancer ......

66.5 64.5 65.3 68.6 70.6 72.1 Scranton ....... .....16.7 16.3 14.0 14.9 17.9 18.2 Diabetes ......

10.9 10.3 10.4 11.3 12.9 13.0 Seattle .... .....11.8 10.8 12.3 12.1 12.6 11.5 Appendicitis ..... 10.6 10.0 10.1 11.0 11.9 12.0 Syracuse... .....14.4 14.1 13.3 14.3 15.2 15.5 Decreasing rates:

Toledo

......14.5 14.0 14.3 14.7 13.7 13.7 old age......

44.0 47.2 44.6 39.3 39.0 36.4 Washington ...........20.9 21.4 20.1 20.3 20.8 20.5 Bronchitis

39.4 39.8 39.4 36.4 36.0 33.5 Convulsions.

25.2 27.2 25.0 21.0 20.5 19.8 BIRTH AND DEATH RATES IN FOREIGN Paralysis ..... 21.9 23.1 20.9 20.3 19.4 17.7

COUNTRIES. Peritonitis ........... 12.0 13.1 12.0 10.2 10.1 9.2 Average annual number of births and deaths per Scarlet fever......... 11.8 13.1 12.7 12.3 10.9 6.8 1,000 of population. --Ten-year periods.Fluctuating rates:

Births.

· Deaths. Tuberculosis (lungs)..172.3 174.9 163.2 165.7 177.3 168.2

Country.

1881-1890. 1.91-1900, 1881-1890, 1891-1900 Pneumonia ... .......134.6 133.3 124.5 122.2 135.7 115.7

England and Wales...32.5 29.9 19.1 18.2 Heart disease .......120.6 113.7 117.8 125.1 134.2 132.5

Scotland. .......32.5 30.2 19.2 Diarrhea, enteritis...112.8 113.8 105.4 101.5 111.3 116.7

18.7 Ireland

23.4 23.0 18.0 18.2 Typhoid fever........ 33.7 32.4 34.4 34.3 31.9 28.1

.32.0 30.2 18.6 Diphtheria,

Denmark . croup.... 33.6 34.1

17.5 30.9

28.5
31.8
23.8

30.3

17.0 Meningitis ...

33.3
33.0
31.3 28.3

.30.8
31.8

Norway 34.5

16.3

27.2 16.9 16.1 Premature birth......

Sweden 30.9 27.5 28.5 31.2 34.3 32.9 Finland

32.2

19.7 30.7 Bronchopneumonia .. 28.4 31.8 33.7

34.9 36.9

21.0 34.4

..37.9 37.1 29.5 Congenital debility... 21.8 21.0 21.7

Austria

26.6 21.3 20.7 31.5 Hungary

..44.0 40.6 32.5 29.9 Influenza ............. 20.8 32.3 10.1 18.6 20.3 19.0

Switzerland .....28.1 28.1 20.8 19.0 Lack of care.......... 15.1 15.2 15.8 13.8 14.5 3.0

36.8 36.1 25.1 22.2 Cirrhosis of liver..... 14.1 13.6

Germany 14.0 14.5 15.1 14.8

.....37.4

24.7 21.9 Gastritis .....

12.0

Prussia ..
12.1
11.6 11.7

36.7
11.2 10.6

.....36.8 36.5 28.3 25.4 Whooping cough......

Bavaria
11.3 9.8 12.1 15.9 6.6 10.7

Saxony.
.....41.8 39.5

28.0

24.0 Endocarditis ... 11.1 10.5 11.5 9.8 11.7 12.6

Netherlands .....34.2 32.5 21.0 18.4 Measles .............. 10.1 7.3 9.5 9.9 11.0 7.6

Belgium

....30.2 29.0 20.5 19.2 France ..

.....23.9 22.2 22.1 21.5 DEATH RATE IN AMERICAN CITIES. Portugal

....33.0 30.6 22.6 21.3 Per 1,000 of population.

Spain ...

....36.4 35.3 31.4 30.0 Annual av,

Italy

.....37.8

34.9

27.1 24.2 City. 200 to 1904 1901. 1902. 1903. 1904. 1905. Servia

......45.0 41.7 25.2 27.0 Alleghenyo.. ...18.3 17.2 19.0 19.0 17.8 18.8 Roumania ..... .......41.4

40.7

27.0 29.3 Baltimore ....20.1 20.3 19.6 19.1 20.1 19.6 | Russia (Europe)..........

33.4

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FOURTH OF JULY CASUALTIES.

[From the Journal of the American Medical association.]
1903. 1904. 1905. 1906. 1907.

1903. 1904. 1905. 1906. 1907. Deaths-Tetanus ...... 406 9187 75 62 Loss of legs, arms Other causes ........ 60 92 95 83 102 and hands

54 61 80 56 57

Loss of fingers....... 174 208 221 227 237 Total ................ 466 183 182 158 164 Other injuries........3,670 3,637 4,562 4,931 3,868 Injuries-Sight lost.... 10 19 25 22 12

Total injured.........3,983 3,986 4,994 5,308 4,249 One eye lost......... 75 61 106 72 75 Total casualties....4,449 4,169 5,176 5,466 4,413

DEATH OF ALEXANDER BEAUBIEN.

Alexander Beaubien, the first white male child, was descended from the Pottawatomie Indians. torn in Chicago, died March 25, 1907, having spent | Alexander was born within Fort Dearborn and his the whole of his life in the city of nis birth. He baptism at the age of 8 is said to have been the was the son of John B. Beaubien, a French-Cana first performed in Chicago. Mr. Beaubien for dian who came from Detroit in 1804. His mother niany years was a member of the fire department.

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The corner stone of the original capitol building I was completed at a cost of $2,433,844.13. Extensions was laid by President Washington Sept. 18, 1793. of the wings were begun in 1851 and completed in The north wing was finished in 1810 and the south 1859. The dome, which is 287 feet 5 inches in wing in 1811, a wooden passageway connecting height, was completed in 1865. The capitol stands them. The original designs of the structure were in latitude 38 degrees 53 minutes 20.4 seconds made by Dr. William Thornton. The two wings north and longitude 77 degrees 00 minutes 35.7 were burned by the British in 1814, but were im seconds west from Greenwich. mediately restored. In 1827 the original building

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TOTALS FOR SIX LAST CONGRESSES. Congress. Years. Amount. Congress. Years. Amount. Congress. Years. Amount. 54th............1897-1898 $1,041,580,273.87 | 56th...........1901-1902 $1,440,489,438.87 58th........... 1905-1906 $1,600,053,544.8 55th............1899-1900 1,566,890,016.28 57th...........1903-1904 1,553,683.002.57 | 59th........... 1906-1907 $1,799,537,864.7

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1805

..1846)

Samuel Osgood....1789 E. Randolph.....1789
Timothy Pickering1791 Wm. Bradford...1794

Jos. Habersham.... 1795 Charles Lee......1795
Benjamin Stoddert....1798

Jos. Habersham....1797 Charles Lee...... 1797

Theo. Parsons...1801 Benjamin Stoddert....1801

Jos. Habersham...1801 Levi Lincoln.... 1801 Robert Smith..........1801

Gideon Granger...1801 Robt. Smith.... Jacob Crowninshield..1805

John Breck

inridge.. .......1805

C. A. Rodney.....1807 Paul Hamilton........1809

Gideon Granger...1809|C. A. Rodney.....1809 William Jones......... 1813

R. J. Meigs, Jr...... 1814 Wm. Pinckney...1811 B. W. Crowninshield.. 1814

William Rush.... 1814 B. W. Crowninshield.. 1817

R. J. Meigs, Jr.....1817 William Rush.... 1817

John McLean......) 23 William Wirt....1817
Smith Thompson......1818
S.L. Southard.... .... 1823)
S.L. Southard..........1825

John McLean......1825 William Wirt....1825
John Branch...........1829

Wm. T. Barry......1829 John M. Berrien. 1829 Levi Woodbury..... ..1831

Amos Kendall......1835 Roger B. Taney..1831 Mablon Dickerson.....1834

B. F. Butler...... 1833
Mablon Dickerson....1837

Amos Kendall.....1837 B. F. Butler......1837
John M. Niles......1840 Felix Grundy....1838

H. D. Gilpin...... 1840
George E. Badger...... 1841

Francis Granger...1841 J. J. Crittenden. 1841 George E. Badger......1841

Francis Granger... 1841 J. J. Crittenden . 1841 Abel P. Upshur ... ... .1841

C. A. Wickliffe.....1841 Hugh S. Legare..1841
David Henshaw.......1843

John Nelson.....1843
Thomas W. Gilmer....1844
John Y. Mason.........1844
George Bancroft... 1845

Cave Johnson .....1845 John Y. Mason. 1845
John Y. Mason.....

Nathan Clifford. 1846

Isaac Toucey.....1848 William B. Preston ...1849 Thomas Ewing.....1849 Jacob Collamer....1819 Reverdy Johnson 1849 William A. Graham...1850 Thomas A.Pearce..1850 Nathan K. Hall....1850 J. J. Crittenden:1850) John P. Kennedy......1852 T. M. T. McKernon1850 Sam D. Hubbard. 1852

A. H. H. Stuart....1850 James C. Dobbin....... 1853 Robt. McClelland. .1853 J

1953 Robt. McClelland. 1853 James Campbell...1853 Caleb Cushing...1853 Isaac Toucey ..........1857 Jacob Thompson..1857 Aaron V. Brown. .1857|J.S. Black. ....1857

Joseph Holt........1859 Edw. M. Stanton.1860 Gideon Welles.........1861 Caleb B. Smith.....1861 Montgomery Blair. 1861 Edward Bates...1861 John P. Usher.. ..1863 William Dennison.1864 Titian J. Coffey.. 1863

James Speed.....1864
Gideon Welles.........1865 John P. Usher......1865|William Dennison. 1865 James Speed.....1865|

James Harlan.....1865A. W. Randall..... 1866 Henry Stanbery. 1866
O. H, Browning....1866.

Wm. M. Evarts...1868
Adolph E. Borie.... 1869 Jacob D. Cox.......1869 J. A. J. Cresswell..1869 E. R. Hoar.......1869
George M. Robeson ...1869 Columbus Delano..1870 Jas. W. Marshall... 1874/A. T. Ackerman..1870

Zach Chandler.....1875 Marshall Jewell...1874 Geo. H.Williams. 1871
James N. Tyner...1876 Edw. Pierrepont. 1875

Alphonso Taft... 1876
R. W. Thompson......1877|Carl Schurz........1877 David M. Key......1877|Chas. Devens.....1877
Nathan Goff, Jr........1881

Horace Maynard.. 1880
W. H. Hunt...........1881 S. J. Kirkwood.....1881 T. L. James........1881 W. Mac Veagh....1881
W.E. Chandler........188) Henry M.Teller....1881 T. 0. Howe......... 1881 B. H. Brewster...1881

W.Q. Gresham.....1883

Frank Hatton.....1884 W.C. Whitney.........1885 L. Q. C. Lamar.....1885 Wm. F. Vilas.. ....1885 A.H. Garland....1885 N. J. Colman.1889

Wm. F. Vilas.......1888 D.M.Dickinson.....1888 Benj. F. Tracy.........1889 John W. Noble.....1889 J. Wanamaker.....1889 W.HH. Miller. 1889 J. M. Rusk ..1889 Hilary A. Herbert....1893 Hoke Smith........1893 W. S. Bissell.......1893 R. Olney..........1893 J. S. Morton.1893

D. R. Francis...... .1896 W. L. Wilson....... 1895 J. Harmon...... 1895 John D. Long..........1897 C. N. Bliss......... 1897 James A. Gary.....1897 J. McKenna..... 1897 J. Wilson..... 1897 E.A.Hitchcock.... .1899 Chas. E. Smith... 981J. W. Griggs......1897

P. C. Knox .......1901 John D. Long.... 1901 E.A.Hitchcock.... 1901 Chas. E. Smith..... 1901 P. C. Knox ....... 1901 J. Wilson.....1901 Wm. H. Moody..... . 1902

Henry C.Payne....1902 W.H. Moody.....1904 Paul Morton....... .... 1904

Robt. J.Wynne.....1904 C.J. Bonaparte... .1905 E.A.Hitchcock..... 1905 G.B.Cortelyou.....1905 W.H. Moody..... 1905 J. Wilson.....1905 Victor H. Metcalf.. ..1907 J. R. Garfield......1907 G. v. L. Meyer......1907 C. J. Bonaparte.. 1907)

*This department was established by an act of congress March 3, 1849. Not a cabinet officer until 1829.

Secretaries of Commerce and Labor (department established Feb. 14, 1903)-George B. Cortelyou. 1903. Victor H. Metcalf, 1904-1906; Oscar S. Straus, 1907.

Established Feb. 11, 1889.

POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESIDENT (1824-1904).

eredes per cent.50.216 to 5:38. a fer

18 and 24 grey. 1. had gorrison

1824–J. Adams had 105,321 to 155,872 for ley, 29,408 for O'Conor and 5.608 for Black.

Jackson, 44,282 for Crawford and 46,587 for Grant's majority, 729,975. Of the whole vote Clay. Jackson over Adams, 50,551. Adams less Grant had 55.63 per cent, Greeley 43.83, O'Conthan combined vote of others, 141,420. Of the or .15 and Black .09. whole vote Adams had 29.92 per cent, Jackson 1876-Hayes had 4,033,950 to 4,284,885 for Til44.27, Clay 13.23, Crawford 12.58. Adams den, 81.710 for Cooper, 9,522 for Smith and elected by house of representatives.

2.636 scattering. Tilden's majority over Hayes, 1828-Jackson had 647,231 to 509,097 for J. Q. 250,935. Tilden's majority of the entire vote

Adams. Jackson's majority, 138,134. Of the cast, 157,037. Hayes less than the combined whole vote Jackson had 55.97 per cent, Adams vote of others 344,833. Of the whole vote cast 44.03.

Hayes had 47.95 per cent, Tilden 50.94, Cooper 1832—Jackson had 687,502 to 530,189 for Clay .97, Smith .11, scattering .03. and 33,108 for Floyd and Wirt combined. Jack- 1880-Garfield had 4,449,053 to 4,442,035 for son's majority, 124,205. Of the whole vote Hancock, 307,306 for Weaver and 12,576 scatJackson had 54.96 per cent, Clay 42.39 and the tering. Garfield over Hancock, 7,018. Garfield others combined 2.65.

less than the combined vote for others, 313,864. 1836—Van Buren had 761,549 to 736,656, the Of the popular vote Garfield had 48.26 per cent,

combined vote for Harrison, White, Webster and Hancock 48.25, Weaver 3.33, scattering .13. Mangum. Van Buren's majority, 24,893. Of 1884-Cleveland had 4,911,017 to 4.848.334 for the whole vote Van Buren had 50.83 per cent | Blaine, 151,809 for St. John, 133,825 for Butler. and the others combined 49.17.

Cleveland had over Blaine 62,683. Cleveland 1810-Harrison had 1,275,017 to 1,128,702 for had 48.48 per cent, Blaine 48.22, St. John 1.56,

Van Buren and 7,059 for Birney. Harrison's Butler 1.33. majority, 139,256. Of the whole vote Harrison 1888–Harrison had 5,440,216 to 5,538,233 for Clevehad 52.89 per cent, Van Buren 46.82 and Bir land, 249,937 for Fisk, 141,103 for Streeter, 2,808 ney .39.

for Cowdrey, 1,591 for Curtis and 9,815 scatter1844_Polk had 1,337,243 to 1,299,068 for Clay ing. Harrison had 98,017 less than Cleveland. and 62,300 for Birney. Polk over Clay, 38,175. Of the whole vote Harrison had 47.83 per cent, Polk less than others combined, 24,125. Of the Cleveland 48.63. Fisk 2.21 and Streeter 1.28. whole vote Polk had 49.55 per cent, Clay 48.14 | 1892-Cleveland had 5,556,918 to 5,176,108 for and Birney 2.31.

Harrison, 264,133 for Bidwell, 1.041,028 for 1848–Taylor had 1.360,101 to 1.220,544 for Cass Weaver and 21,164 for Wing. Cleveland had and 291,263 for Van Buren. Taylor over Cass, over Harrison 380,810. Of the whole vote 139,557. Taylor less than others combined, 152, Cleveland had 45.73 per cent, Harrison 42.49, Bid706. Of the whole vote Taylor had 47.36 per well 2.17 and Weaver 8.67. cent, Cass 42.50 and Van Buren 10.14.

1896-McKinley had 7,104,779, Bryan, 6,502,923; 1852- Pierce had 1,601,474 to 1,380,576 for Scott, Levering. 132,007; Bentley, 13,969; Matchett, 36,

156,149 for Hale and 1,670 for Daniel. Webster. 274; Palmer, 133,148. McKinley had over Bryan Pierce over all, 63,079. Of the whole vote Pierce

601,854 votes. Of the whole vote McKinley had had 50.90 per cent, Scott 44.10 and Hale 4.97. 50.49 per cent and Bryan 46.26. 1856-Buchanan had 1,838,169 to 1,341,264 for 1900-McKinley had 7,217,810 to 6,357,826 for

Fremont and 874,534 for Fillmore. Buchanan Bryan, 208,791 for Woolley, 50,218 for Barker, over Fremont, 496,905. Buchanan less than 87,769 for Debs, 39,944 for Malloney, 518 for combined vote of others, 377,629. Of the whole Leonard and 5,098 for Ellis. McKinley over vote Buchanan had 45.34 per cent, Fremont Bryan, 859,984. McKinley's majority over all. 33.19 and Fillmore 21.57.

367,646. Of the whole vote McKinley received 1860_Lincoln had 1,866,352 to 1.375,157 for 51.66 per cent and Bryan 45.51 per cent. Douglas, 845,763 for Breckinridge and 589,581 1904–Roosevelt had 7.620.670 to 5,080, 207 for for Bell. Lincoln over Douglas, 491,195. Lin

Parker, 258,205 for Swallow. 401.380 for Debs, coln less than Douglas and Breckinridge com

111,373 for Watson, 41.330 for Corregan and 830 bined, 354,568. Lincoln less than combined vote for Holcomb. Roosevelt over Parker, 2,540,463. of all others, 944,149. Of the whole vote Lin Roosevelt's majority over all, 1,727,345. Of the coln had 39.91 per cent, Douglas 29.40, Breck

whole vote Roosevelt received 57.13 per cent and inridge 18.08 and Bell 12.61.

Parker 38 per cent. 1864_Lincoln had 2,216,067 to 1,808,725 for McClellan (eleven states not voting. viz. : Alaba- Of the presidents. Adams. federalist: Polk. Buma, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mis chanan and Cleveland, democrats; Taylor, whig; sissippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Ten Lincoln (first term), Hayes, Garfield and Harrison, nessee Texas and Virginia). Lincoln's majority, republicans, did not, when elected, receive a ma407.342. Of the whole vote Lincoln had 55.06 jority of the popular vote. The highest percentage per cent and McClellan 44.94.

of popular vote received by any president was 1868-Grant had 3,015.071 to 2,709,613 for Sey- | 57.13 for Roosevelt, republican, in 1904; the lowmour (three states not voting, viz. i Mississippi, est, 39.91 for Lincoln, republican, in 1860; BuTexas and Virginia). Grant's majority, 305,458. chanan, democrat, next lowest, with 45.34. Of the whole vote Grant had 52.67 per cent and Seymour 47.33.

*Prior to 1824 electors were chosen by the legis1872_Grant had 3,597,070 to 2,834,079 for Gree-'latures of the different states.

AMERICAN HALL OF FAME. “The Hall of Fame for Great Americans" is the | Horace Mann. name of a building on University Heights in New Henry W. Beecher. York city, in which are inscribed on bronze tablets James Kent. the names of famous American men and women. Joseph Story. Nominations for the honor are made by the public John Adams. and are submitted to a committee of 100 eminent Washington Irving. citizens. In the case of men fifty-one votes are Jonathan Edwards. required and in the case of women forty-seven. The Samuel F. B. Morse. first balloting took place in October, 1900, when David G. Farragut. the following were chosen:

Henry Clay.

Nathaniel Hawthorne.
George Washington. John Marshall.

George Peabody.
Abraham Lincoln.
Thomas Jefferson.

Robert E. Lee.
Daniel Webster.
Ralph W. Emerson.

Peter Cooper.
Benjamin Franklin.
H. W. Longfellow.

Eli Whitney.
Ulysses S. Grant.
Robert Fulton.

John J. Audubon.

William E. Channing.
Gilbert Stuart.
Asa Gray.

Chosen in 1905:
John Quincy Adams.
James Russell Lowell.
William T. Sherman.
James Madison.
John G. Whittier.
Alexander Hamilton.
Louis Agassiz.
John Paul Jones.
Mary Lyon.
Emma Willard.
Maria Mitchell.

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