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MORTALITY STATISTICS.

Deaths per 1.000 of population In the registration area of the United States and of various foreign countries in 19011905:

Annual ar.

Country. iaoiiolttn.1901. 1902. 1903. 1904. 1905.

I'nited States 16.6 16.6 15.9 16.1 16.6 16.2

England and Wales...16.6 16.9 16.2 15.4 16.3 16.2

Scotland 17.4 17.9 17.2 16.6 16.9 15.9

Ireland 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.6 18.1 17.1

Germany 20.3 20.7 19.4 20.0 19.6 19.s

Prussia 20.1 20.5 19.2 19.8 19.3 19.C

Norway 14.7 14.9 13.9 14.8 14.4 •

Sweden 15.7 16.1 15.4 15.1 15.3 •

Hungary 26.0 25.4 27.0 26.1 24.8 *

Netherlands 16.5 17.2 16.3 15.6 15.9 15.3

Belgium 17.6 17.2 17.3 17.0 • •

Switzerland 18.0 18.0 17.2 17.6 17.8 *

Spain 26.7 27.7 26.1 25.0 25.8 •

Italy 22.2 22.0 22.1 22.2 20.9 21.7

♦No figures available.

CHIEF CAUSES OF DEATH IN THE UNITED
STATES.
Death rate per 100,000 of population. From cen-
sus bureau reitort.

Cause Of death. Annual a..

Increasing rates: lOTitolow.1901. 1902. 1903. 1904. 1905. Nephritis and Bright's

disease 94.4 89.5 91.3 97.8 103.8 104.3

Apoplexy 69.0 68.4 68.5 68.6 71.9 72.2

Cancer 66.5 64.5 65.3 68.6 70.6 72.1

Diabetes 10.9 10.3 10.4 11.3 12.9 13.0

Appendicitis 10.6 10.0 10.1 11.0 11.9 12.0

Decreasing rates:

Old age 44.0 47.2 44.6 39.3 39.0 36.4

Bronchitis 39.4 39.8 39.4 36.4 36.0 33.5

Convulsions 25.2 27.2 25.0 21.0 20.5 19.8

Paralysis 21.9 23.1 20.9 20.3 19.4 17.7

Peritonitis 12.0 13.1 12.0 10.2 10.1 9.2

Scarlet fever 11.8 13.1 12.7 12.3 10.9 6.8

Fluctuating rates:

Tuberculosis (lungs)..172.3 174.9 163.2 165.7 177.3 168.2

Pneumonia 134.6 133.3 124.5 122.2 135.7 115.7

Heart disease 120.6 113.7 117.8 125.1 134.2 132.5

Diarrhea, enteritis...112.8 113.8 105.4 101.5 111.3 116.7

Tvpboid fever 33.7 32.4 34.4 34.3 31.9 25.1

Diphtheria, c-roup 33.6 34.1 30.9 31.8 28.5 23.8

Meningitis 33.0,33.3 31.3 28.3 31.8 34.5

Premature birth 30.9 27.5 28.5 31.2 34.3 32.0

Bronchopneumonia .. 30.7 28.4 31.8 33.7 36.9 34.4

Congenital debility... 21.8 21.0 21.7 21.3 20.7 31.5

Influenza 20.8 32.3 10.1 18.6 20.3 19.0

Lack of care 15.1 15.2 15.8 13.8 14.5 3.0

Cirrhosis of liver 14.1 13.6 14.0 14.5 15.1 14.8

Gastritis 12.1 12.0 11.6 11.7 11.2 10.6

Whooping cough 11.3 9.8 12.1 15.9 6.6 10.7

Endocarditis 11.1 10.5 11.5 9.8 11.7 12.6

Measles 10.1 7.3 9.5 9.9 11.0 7.6

DEATH RATE IN AMERICAN CITIES.
Per 1,000 of population.

„ Annual av.

City. ?ouoioH«nl901. 1902. 1903. 1904. 1905.

Allegheny 18.3 17.2 19.0 19.0 17.8 18.8

Baltimore 20.1 20.3 19.6 19.1 20.1 19.6

r,,. Annual ar.

City. l'.wtol«O4.1901. 1902. 1903. 1904. 1905.

Boston 19.2 29.9 19.1 18.3 18.3 18.5

BufTalo 15.4 15.4 14.7 16.0 16.0 15.6

Chicago 14.6 13.9 14.6 15.3 13.8 13.8

Cincinnati 19.1 19.5 is.l 18.8 20.8 19.2

Cleveland 16.1 15.2 15.8 16.6 15.4 14 7

Denver 19.2 20.0 19.1 18.4 19.6 19.2

Detroit 15.6 15.3 15.6 15.8 14.9 14.4

Fall River 20.7 18.8 21.0 22.2 19.6 19.9

Grand Rapids 13.4 12.9 12.3 13.4 14.8 14 3

Indianapolis 15.8 15.4 14.3 15.8 16.3 14.1

Jersey City 19.6 19.2 18.7 18.7 20.8 19.0

Kansas City 17.1 16.1 15.8 17.4 19.7 16 9

Ixjuisville 18.8 18.4 18.0 18.6 19.8 18.1

Memphis 19.2 18.4 18.0 17.8 19.5 17.9

Milwaukee 13.6 13.2 12.6 13.5 13.6 13.0

Minneapolis 10.6 11.7 10.0 10.4 9.6 9.4

New Haven 17.4 17.9 16.7 17.0 17.2 18.7

New Orleans 23.1 22.3 22.3 22.3 22.3 23.7

New York 19.4 19.9 18.6 18.0 20.1 18.4

°,"!!llia 11.3 11.6 11.9 9.7 11.5 10.S

Philadelphia 18.8 18.1 17.6 18.8 18.8 17.7

Pittsburg 20.7 20.0 22.0 21.7 19.8 20.0

Portland. Ore 12.1 12.4 11.7 12.7 13.5 13.7

Providence 19.5 19.1 18.4 20.6 18.5 17.5

kt. Louis 18.1 18.0 17.3 18.2 18.8 16.9

St. Paul 10.0 10.4 10.0 9.7 10.0 10.0

Salt Lake City 17.8 15.9 19.2 19.4 18.3 18.3

.San Antonio 24.4 24.7 26.6 22.5 25.3 24.5"

San Francisco 21.0 20.6 21.6 21.3 20.8 20.1

Scranton 16.7 16.3 14.0 14.9 17.9 18.2

Seattle 11.8 10.8 12.3 12.1 12.6 11.5

Syracuse 14.4 14.1 13.3 14.3 15.2 15.5

Jn'l'il? 14.5 14.0 14.3 14.7 13.7 13.7

Washington 20.9 21.4 20.1 20.3 20.8 20.5

BIRTH AND DEATH' RATES IN FOREIGN
COUNTRIES.

Average annual number of births and deaths per

1,000 of population. , Ten-year periods. ,

Births. Deaths.

Country. losi-isoo. U9M900, Iasmsoo. 1801.1900

England and Wales...32.5 29.9 19.1 18.2

Scotland 32.5 30.2 19.2 18.7

Ireland 23.4 23.0 18.0 18.2

Denmark 32.0 30.2 18.6 17.5

Norway 30.8 30.3 17.0 16.3

Sweden 29.0 27.2 16.9 16.1

Finland 34.9 32.2 21.0 19.7

Austria 37.9 37.1 29.5 26.6

Hungary 44.0 40.6 32.5 29.9

Switzerland 28.1 28.1 20.8 19.0

Germany 36.8 36.1 25.1 22.2

Prussia 37.4 36.7 24.7 21.9

Bavaria 36.8 36.5 28.3 26.4

Saxony 41.8 39.5 28.0 24.0

Netherlands 34.2 32.6 21.0 18.4

Belgium 30.2 29.0 20.5 19.2

France 23.9 22.2 22.1 21.5

Portugal 33.0 30.6 22.6 21.3

Spain 36.4 35.3 31.4 30.0

Italy 37.8 34.9 27.1 24.2

Servla 45.0 41.7 25.2 27.0

Roumania 41.4 40.7 27.0 29.3

Russia (Europe) .... 33.4

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TOTALS FOR STX LAST CONGRESSES.

Congress. Years. Amount.

54th 1897-1898 $1.04 t.580.'27:t.87

55th 1899-1900 1,506,890,016.28

Congress. Tears. Amount. I Congress. Tears. Amount.

5tith 1901-1902 $1,440,489,438.87 58th 1906-liiOG $1,000,053,544.8

57th 1903-1904 1,553,683.002.67 I 59th 1906-1907 $1,799,637,864.7

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*This department was established by an act of congress March 3,1849. tNot a cabinet officer until 1829.

Secretaries of Commerce and Labor (department established Feb. 14, 1903)—George B. Cortelyou, 1903. Victor H. Metcalf, 1904-1906: Oscar 8. Straus, 1907. ^Established Feb. 11,1889.

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