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APPLICATIONS FOR PATENTS.
[Condensed from Rules of Practice in the United States patent office.] A patent may be obtained by any person who has Drawings must be on white paper with india invented or discovered any new and useful art, ma ink and the sheets must be exactly 10x15 inches chine, manufacture or composition of matter, or in size, with a margin of one inch. They must any new and useful improvement thereof not show all details clearly and without the use of previously patented or described in this or any superfluous lines. other country, for more than two years prior to his Applications for reissues must state why the application, unless the same is proved to have been original patent is believed to be defective and tell abandoned. A patent may also be obtained for precisely how the errors were inade. These applicaany new design for a manufacture, bust, statue, tions must be accompanied by the original patent alto-relievo or bas-relief; for the printing of and an offer to surrender the same; or, if the origwoolen, silk or other fabrics; for any new im inal be lost, by an affidavit to that effect and pression, ornament, pattern, print or picture to certified copy of the patent. Every applicant whose be placed on or woven into any article of manu claims have been twice rejected for the same reafacture; and for any new, useful and orginal shape sons may appeal from the primary examiners to or configuration of any article of manufacture, the examiners in chief upon the payment of a fee upon payment of fees and taking the other neces of $10. sary steps.
The duration of patents is for seventeen years Applications for patents must be in writing, in except in the case of design patents, which may the English language and signed by the inventor be for three and a half, seven or fourteen years if alive. The application must include the first as the inventor may elect. fee of $15, a petition, specification and oath, and Caveats or notices given to the patent office of drawings, model or specimen when required. The
claims to inventions to prevent the issue of patents petition must be addressed to the commissioner to other persons upon the same invention, without of patents and must give the name and full ad notice to caveators, may be filed upon the payment dress of the applicant, must designate by title the of a fee of $10. Caveats must contain the same invention sought to be patented, must contain a information as applications for patents. reference to the specification for a full disclosure Schedule of fees and prices: of such invention and must be signed by the appli.
On issue of patent.........
20.00 The specification must contain the following in
Design patent (312 years)..
10.00 the order named: Name and residence of the ap
Design patent (7 years)...
15.00 plicant with title of invention; a general statement
Design patent (14 years)..
30.00 of the object and nature of the invention; a brief
10.00 description of the several views of the drawings
30.09 (if the invention admits cf such illustration); a detailed description; claim or claims; signature of
Second appeal...... inventor and signatures of two witnesses. Claims
20.00 for a machine and its product and claims for a For certified copies of printed patents: machine and the process in the performance of
Specifications and drawing, per copy.......... $0.05 which the machine is used must be presented in
Certificate ......... separate applications, but claims for a process and
G rant ............................... .. its product may be presented in the same appli
l'or manuscript copies of records, per 100 cation.
words ............. The applicant, if the inventor, must make oath
If certified, for certificate....... or affirmation that he believes himself to be the
Blue prints of drawings, 10x15, per copy.. first inventor or discoverer of that which he seeks
Blue prints of drawings, 7x11, per copy ....... to have patented. The oath or affirmation must
Blue prints of drawings, 5x8, per copy....... also state of what country he is a citizen and
For searching records or titles, per hour....
.50 where he resides. In every original application
For the Official Gazette, per year, in United the applicant must swear or aflirm that the inven
States .......................................... 5.00 tion has not been patented to himself or to others with his knowledge or consent in this or any foreign country for more than two years prior to his
PATENT OFFICE STATISTICS. application, or on an application for a patent filed in any foreign country by himself or his legal rep- | Yr. Applications. Issues. | Yr. Applications. Issues, l'esentatives or assigns more than seven months 1895....... 40, 680
46,449 ,27,373 prior to his application. If application has been 1896....... 43,982 23,373 1902....... 46,641 27,886 made in any foreign country full and explicit de 1897... 47,905 23,794 1903...... 50,213 31,699 tails must be given. The oath or affirmation may 1898.... 35,842 22,267 1904..... 52,143 30,931 be made before any one who is authorized by the 1899....... 41,443 25,527 1905.... 54,971 30,399 laws of his country to administer oaths.
1900....... 41,890 26,493 1906....... 56,482 31,965
iesparate"pmachine Process inct, and Staime Claims
The articles specified by law as proper subjects of copyright are: Books, maps, charts, dramatic compositions, musical compositions, engravings, cuts, prints, photographs, photographic negatives, chromos, lithographs, periodicals, paintings, drawings, statuary and models or designs intended to be perfected as works of fine art.
Any one desiring to secure a copyright should send to the librarian of congress for a blank application. This must be filled up according to the printed directions, which will be found plainly and specifically given on the blank itself. A printed or typewritten copy of the title of the article to be copyrighted must accompany the application; in
the case of paintings, drawings, statuary or de. signs, descriptions must be inclosed. On or before the day of publication two complete copies of the book or other artcle must be sent to the library of congress to perfect the copyright.
The fee for the entry of title of production of a citizen of the United States is 50 cents: for a foreigner, $1; certificates, 50 cents additional in either case. Remittances must be made by money order, express order or bank draft; postage stamps and checks will not be accepted. The copyright is for twenty-eight years, but it may be renewed for fourteen more.
BY BALLOON FROM GERMANY TO ENGLAND.
Drs. Yurt Wegener and Adolph Koch, German, England, after a voyage of 812 miles, lasting only aeronauts, left Bitterfield, near Berlin, Germany, nineteen hours. It was one of the longest, as well Wednesday evening, April 10, 1907, in an ordinary as fastest, trips of the kind on record. balloon and the next day arrived at Leicester,
PRESIDENTIAL VOTE (1828-1904).
vote. 1828 Jackson... Democrat. 647,231) 178 1876 Walker.
2,636) 1828 Adams.... Federal ... 509,0971
214 1832 Clay...... Whig....... 530,189
Greenback. 307,306 1832 Floyd..... Whig....... 11 1880 Dow.
Prohibition 10,487 1832 Wirt..
American.. 1836 Van Buren
219 1836 Harrison. Whig....
Republicani 4,848,334 1836 White...... Whig...
736,656 1836 Webster. Whig.... 14 1884 St. John.
Prohibition 151,809. 1836 Mangum.. Whig.....
168 1840 Van Buren. Democrat 1,128,702 60 1888 Harrison.
5,440,216 1840 Harrison Whig....... 1,275,017 234 1888 Streeter.
Union Lab. 141,105 1840 Birney.... Liberty..... 7,059 1888 Fisk.........
Prohibition 249,937 1844 Polk.... Democrat. 1,337,243 1888 Cowdrey..
United Lab 2,808 1844 Clay......
1892 Harrison. ...
Republican 5,176,108 1848 Taylor.
People's.... 1,041,028 1848 Van Burg Free Soil... 291,263. 1892 Wing ...
Socialist.... 21,164 1852 Pierce... Democrat.. 1,601,474 1896 McKinley
Republican 7,104,779 1852 Scott....... Whig........ 1,380,678
Democrat.. 6,502,925 1852 Hale.... Free Soil... 156,149
1896 Levering ...
Prohibition 132, 107 1856 Buchanan Democrat.. 1,838, 169
National... 13,969 1856 Fremont. Republican 1,341,264
Soc. Labor.. 36,274 1856 Fillmore..... American.. 874,534
Nat. Dem... 133,148 1860 Douglas .. Democrat.. 1,375,157 12 1900 McKinley.
Republican. 7,217,810 1860 Breckinridg Democrat.. 845.763
Democrat.. 6,357,826 1860 Lincoln.... Republican 1,866,352 180 1900 Woolley...
Prohibition 208,791 1860 Bell..... Union ...... 589,581 39 1900 Barker ...
People's.... 50,218 1864 McClellan, Democrat.. 1,308,725
1900 Debs .....
Soc. Dem.... 87,769 1864 Lincoln. Republican 2,216,067 216 1900 Malloney.
Soc. Lab.... 39,944 1868 Seymour.. Democrat. 2.709,613 80 1900 Leonard..
United Chr. 1868 Grant. Republican 3,015,071 214 1900 Ellis.......
5,098 1872 Greeley.. Democrat.. 2,834,079 *66 1904 Roosevelt
Republican 7.620,670 1872 O'Conor. Ind. Dem... 29,408
Democrat.. 5,080,207 1872 Grant. Republican 3,597,070
Prohibition 258,205 1872 Black.. T'mpera'ce 5,608
Socialist.... 401,380 1876 Tilden... Democrat.. 4,284,885
People's.... 111,373 1876 Hayes..... Republican 4,033,950
1901 Corregan ....
Soc. Lab.... 41,330 1876 Cooper..... Greenback. 81,740
830 1876 Smith....
.....Prohibition 9,522 .. * Owing to the death of Mr. Greeley, the 66 electoral votes were variously cast. Thomas A. Hendricks received 42, B. Gratz Brown 18, Horace Greeley 3, Charles J. Jenkins 2, David Davisl.
34.... 35..... 36.....
1..... 1789-91 F. A. Muhlenberg....
1791-93 J. Trumbull........
1799-01 Theodore Sedgwick..
1821-23 P. P. Barbour.
1825-27 J. W. Taylor...
1839-41 R. M. T. Hunter. 27..... 1841-43 John White ......
1843-45 J. W. Jones....
- 1750 1801 29......
1784 1851 44......
1845-47 J. W. Davis.......
Ind.... 1799 1850 Mass.. 1809 1894 Ga..... 1815 1868 Ky.... 1800 1859 Mass..
1816 1894 S. C. 1822 1873 N.J.
BURIAL PLACES OF PRESIDENTS.
George Washington-Mount Vernon, Va.
Zachary Taylor Springfield, Ky.
Following is the electoral vote of the states, based upon the apportionment of representatives made by congress under the census of 1900: Electoral, Electoral Electoral
Electoral State. vote. State. vote. State.
vote. Alabama 11 Kentucky
13 New Hampshire ...... 4 Tennessee Arkansas 9 Louisiana
9 New Jersey ........... 12 | Texas .... California 10 Maine ....... 6 New York .....
39 Utah ....... Colorado .... 5 Maryland
12 Vermont Connecticut 7 Massachusetts 16 North Dakota ..
4 Virginia Delaware 3 Michigan 14 Ohio...........
23 Washington Florida 5 Minnesota .. 11 Oklahoma ..
West Virginia Georgia 13 Mississippi 10 Oregon ....
4 Wisconsin ..... Idaho 3 Missouri 18 Pennsylvania
Wyoming ... Illinois 27 Montana
3 Rhode Island indiana 15 Nebraska 8 South Carolina ..
.....483 Iowa 13 Nevada 3 South Dakota ...
Necessary to choice...242 Kansas ...... 10
TARIFF BILLS SINCE 1884.
3 w warsaw
Morrison Bills-First bill presented to 48th con- | Oct. 6, 1890; high protective measure, though re. gress during Chester A. Arthur's administration; mitting duties on sugar and providing for reciproposed a horizontal reduction of 20 per cent procity treaties; both houses of congress repubwith free iron ore, coal and lumber; defeated in lican. house April 15, 1884, by vote of 159 to 155; house Wilson Bill-Passed by 53d congress during heavily democratic and senate republican. Second Cleveland's second administration; became law bill presented to 49th congress during Grover Aug. 17, 1894, without the president's signature; Cleveland's first administration; similar to first both house democratic; measure reduced duties bill, proposing free wool, salt and lumber; de in some cases and made additions to free list, feated in house June 17, 1886, by a vote of 157 to notably woo!. 140; house democratic, senate republican.
Dingley Bill-Passed by 54th congress during McMills Bill-Presented to 50th congress during Kinley's administration; approved July 24, 1897; Cleveland's first administration; provided for free passed by house 205 yeas to 122 nays, 27 members lumber and wool, reduction on pig iron and abo not voting; passed by senate 38 yeas to 28 nays, lition of specific duties on cotton; passed by house 23 not voting; house contained 206 republicans and July 21, 1888, by vote of 162 to 149, but failed in 134 democrats and senate 46 republicans and 34 senate; house democratic, senate republican.
democrats; measure raised rates to produce more McKinley Bill-Passed by 51st congress during revenue, but was similar in many respects to the Benjamin Harrison's administration; became law McKinley act.
ORDER OF PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSION.
In case of the removal, death, resignation or in- | treasury, secretary of war, attorney-general, postability of both the president and vice-president, master-general, secretary of the navy, secretary of then the secretary of state shall act as president the interior, secretary of agriculture and secretary until the disability of the president or vice-presi-1 of commerce and labor. The acting president, in dent is removed or a president is elected. The rest | case congress is not in session, must call a special of the order of succession is: Secretary of the session, giving twenty days' notice.
APPORTIONMENT OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Ratio -B-AS. A REFLEC.Cowce) 194,182.
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THE HOMESTEAD LAW.
at Washington, from which a patent time once
Any person who is the head of a family, or who | piration of this period, or within 'two years thereis 21 years old and is a citizen of the United after, proof of residence and cultivation must be States or has filed his declaration of intention to established by four witnesses. The proof of settlebecome such, and who is not the proprietor of more ment, with the certificate of the register of the than 160 acres of land in any state or territory, is land office, is forwarded to the general land office entitled to enter one-quarter section (160 acres) or at Washington, from which a patent is issued. less quantity of unappropriated public land under Final proof cannot be made until the expiration the homestead laws. The applicant must make af of five years from date of entry, and must be made fidavit that he is entitled to the privileges of the within seven years. The government recognizes homestead act and that the entry is made for his no sale of a homestead claim. After the expiraexclusive use and for actual settlement and culti tion of fourteen months from date of entry the vation, and must pay the legal fee and that part law allows the homesteader to secure title to the of the commission required, as follows: Fee for tract, if so desired, by paying for it in cash and 160 acres, $10; commission, $4 to $12. Fee for making proof of settlement, residence and cultivaeighty acres, $5; commission, $2 to $6. Within tion for that period. six months from the date of entry the settler must The law allows only one homestead privilege to take up his residence upon the land and cultivate any one person. the same for five years continuously. At the ex- |
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. The library of congress was established in 18001 June 30, 1906, the library contained 1,379,244 in the city of Washington, D. C. It was burned books and pamphlets, 89,869 maps, 437,510 pieces in 1814 and in 1851 lost 35,000 volumes by fire. of music and 214,276 photographs, prints, engravThe present library building, which cost $6,347,- | ings and lithographs. The copyright office is a 000, was opened to the public in November, 1897. distinct division of the library with its own force It is located a short distance east of the capitol of employes. The total number of employes in the and is the largest and finest building of its kind library is 437 and the annual cost of maintenance in the world.
is now about $800,000.
PAST POLITICAL COMPLEXION OF THE STATES. R.. republican; W., whig; D., democratic; U., union; A., American; A. M., anti-Masonic; N. R., national republican; P.. populist.
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In five states in 1892 the electoral vote was disors cast his vote for Cleveland, this causing the vided: California gave 8 electoral votes for electoral vote of the state to be equally divided Cleveland and 1 for Harrison and Ohio gave 1 among Cleveland, Harrison and Weaver. In 1896 for Cleveland and 22 for Harrison; in Michigan, California gave 8 electoral votes to McKinley and by act of the legislature, each congressional dis 1 to Bryan; Kentucky gave 12 to McKinley and trict voted separately for an elector; in Oregon 1 to Bryan. In Maryland in 1904 7 of the presi1 of the 4 candidates for electors on the people's dential electors chosen were democrats and 1 party ticket was also on the democratic tickei; republican. in North Dakota 1 of the 2 people's party elect
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REGISTRATION OF TRADE-MARKS.
passed1985, citizeountrinited state in
declaration be the na that use it; viption anonsistino
"the rikthat the prade-markous mattene
Under the law passed by congress Feb. 20, 1903, , into the treasury of the United States the sum of and effective April 1, 1905, citizens of the United $10 and otherwise complying with the requirements States, or foreigners living in countries affording of the law and such regulations as may be presimilar privileges to citizens of the United States, scribed by the commissioner of patents. may obtain registration of trade-marks used in The application must be accompanied by a written commerce with foreign nations, or among the ser declaration to the effect that the applicant believes eral states, or with Indian tribes, by complying himself to be the owner of the trade-mark sought with the following requirements: First, by filing to be registered and that no other person or corin the patent office an application therefor in poration has the right to use it; that such tradewriting, addressed to the commissioner of patents, mark is in use and that the description and drawsigned by 'the applicant, specifying his name, domi: ing presented are correct. Trade-marks consisting cile, location and citizenship; the class of mer of or comprising immoral or scandalous matter, chandise and the particular description of goods the coat of arms, flag or other insignia of the comprised in such class to which the trade-mark is United States or of any state or foreign nation appropriated; a statement of the mode in which cannot be registered. Fees for renewal of tradethe same is applied and affixed to goods, and the marks and for filing opposition to registration are length of time during which the trade-mark has $10 each; for appeals from examiners to the combeen used. With this statement shall be filed a missioner of patents, $15 each. drawing of the trade-mark, signed by the appli Further information regarding the trade-mark cant or his attorney, and such number of speci law may be had by applving to the commissioner mens of the trade-mark as may be required by of patents, Washington, D. C. the commissioner of pateuts. Second, by paying