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1824—J. Q Adams had 105.321 to 155.S72 for .1 ackson, 44,282 for Cra \v ford a nd 40,587 for Clay. Jackson over Adams, 50,551. Adams less than combined vote of others, 141.420. Of the whole vote Adams had 29.92 per cent, Jackson 44.27, Clay 13.23, Crawford 12.5S. Adams elected bv house of representatives.

1828—Jackson had 047,231 to 500,097 for J. Q. Adams. Jackson's majority, 138,134. Of the whole vote Jackson had 55.97 per cent, Adams 44.03.

1S32—Jackson had 687,502 to 530.189 for Clay and 33.108 for Floyd and Wirt combined. Jackson's majority, 124,205. Of the whole vote Jackson had 54.96 per cent, Clay 42.39 and the others combined 2.05.

1836—Van Buren had 701,549 to 736,656, the combined vote for Harrison. White, Webster and Mangum. Van Buren's majority, 24,893. Of the whole vote Van Buren had 50.83 per cent and the others combined 49.17.

1S40—Harrison had 1.275,017 to 1,128.702 for Van Buren and 7,059 for Birney. Harrison's majority. 139.256. Of the whole vote Harrison had 52*89 per cent, Van Buren 4G.82 and Birney .39.

1844—Polk had 1.337,243 to 1.299,008 for Clay and 62,300 for Birney. Polk over Clay, 38.175. Polk less than others combined, 24,125. Of the whole vote Polk had 49.55 per cent, Clay 48.14 and Birney 2.31.

1848—Tavlor had 1.360.101 to 1.220.544 for Cass and 291,263 for Van Buren. Taylor over Cass, 139,557. Tavlor less than others combined. 152.706. Of the whole vote Taylor had 47.30 per cent, Cass 42.50 and Van Buren 10.14.

1852—Pierce had 1.001,474 to 1.380,576 for Scott. 156.149 for Hale and 1,070 for Daniel. Webster. Pierce over all, 03,079. Of the whole vote Pierce had 50.90 per cent, Scott 44.10 and Hale 4.97.

1850—Buchanan had 1,838,109 to 1,341.204 for Fremont and 874.534 for Fillmore. Buchanan over Fremont, 490.905. Buchanan less than combined vote of others. 377,029. Of the whole vote Buchanan had 45.34 per cent, Fremont 33.19 and Fillmore 21.57.

1800—Lincoln had 1.800.352 to 1.375.157 for Douglas. 845.703 for Breckinridge and 589.581 for Bell. Lincoln over Douglas, 491.195. Lincoln less than Douglas and Breckinridge combined, 354,508. Lincoln less than combined vote of all others. 944.149. Of the whole vote Lincoln had 39.91 per cent. Douglas 29.40, Breckinridge 18.08 and Bell 12.01.

1804—Lincoln had 2.210.007 to 1,808.725 for McClellan (eleven states not voting, viz.: Alabama. Arkansas. Florida. Georgia. Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina. Tennessee. Texas and Virginia). Lincoln's majority. 407.342. Of the whole vote Lincoln had 55.00 per cent and McClellan 44.94.

1808—Grant had 3.015.071 to 2.709.013 for Seymour (three states not voting, viz.: Mississippi. Texas and Virginia). Grant's majority, 305.458. Of the whole vote Grant had 52.67 per cent and Sevmour 47.33.

1872—Grant had 3,597,070 to 2.834.079 for Gree

ley, 29,408 for O'Conor and 5.008 for Black. Grant's majority, 729,975. Of the whole vote Grant had 55.03 per cent, Greeley 43.83, O'Conor .15 and Black .09.

1870—Hayes had 4.033,950 to 4.284,885 for Tilden. 81.740 for Cooper, 9,522 for Smith and 2,030 scattering. Tilden's majority over Hayes, 250,935. Tilden's majority of the entire vote cast, 157,037. Hayes less than the combined vote of others 344,833. Of the whole vote cast Hayes had 47.95 per cent. Tilden 50.94, Cooper .97, Smith .11, scattering .03.

18S0—Gartteld had 4.449,053 to 4,442.035 for Hancock, 307,300 for Weaver and 12,570 scattering. Gartteld over Hancock, 7,018. Gartteld less than the combined vote for others, 313,804. Of the popular vote Gartteld had 48.26 per cent, Hancock 48.25, Weaver 3.33, scattering .13,

1884—Cleveland had 4,911.017 to 4.848,334 for Blaine, 151.809 for St. John, 133.825 for Butler. Cleveland had over Blaine 02.683. Cleveland had 48.48 per cent, Blaine 48.22, St. John 1.56, Butler 1.33.

1888—Harrison had 5,440,216 to 5.538,233 for Cleveland. 249,937 for Fisk, 141,105 for Streeter. 2,808 for Cowdrey, 1,591 for Curtis and 9.845 scattering. Harrison had 98,017 less than Cleveland. Of the whole vote Harrison had 47.83 per cent, Cleveland 4S.03. Fisk 2.21 and Streeter 1.2S.

1892—Cleveland had 5,550,918 to 5.176,108 for Harrison, 2(54.133 for Bidwell, 1.041.02S for Weaver and 21,104 for Wing. Cleveland had over Harrison 380.810. Of the whole vote Cleveland had 45.73 per cent. Harrison 42.49, Bidwell 2.17 and Weaver 8.67.

1896—McKlnlev had 7.104,779. Brvan. 6,502,925; Levering. 132,007; Bentley. 13.909; Matchett. 36,274; Palmer, 133,148. McKinley had over Bryan 001,854 votes. Of the whole vote McKinley had 50.49 per cent and Bryan 40.20.

1900— McKinley had 7,217.810 to 6,357,820 for Bryan. 208.791 for Woolloy. 50.218 for Barker, 87,709 for Dobs. 39.944 for Malloney, 518 for Leonard and 5,098 for Ellis. McKinley over Bryan, 859.984. McKinley's majoritv over all. 307.040. Of the whole vote McKinley received 51.00 per cent and Bryan 45.51 per cent.

1904—Roosevelt had 7,020.070 to 5.080.207 for Parker, 258.205 for Swallow, 401.380 for Debs. 111,373 for Watson, 41,330 for Corregan and 830 for Holcomb. Roosevelt over Parker, 2,540.463. Roosevelt's majority over all. 1.727.345. Of the whole vote Roosevelt received 57.13 per cent and Parker 38 per cent.

Of the presidents. Adams, federalist; Polk, Buchanan and Cleveland, democrats: Taylor, whig; Lincoln (first term). Hayes, Garflpld and Harrison, republicans, did not, when elected, receive a majority of the popular vote. The highest percentage of popular vote received by anv president was 57.13 for Roosevelt, republican, in 1904; the lowest, 39.91 for Lincoln, republican, in 1860; Buchanan, democrat, next lowest, with 45.34.

♦Prior to 1824 electors were chosen by the legislatures of the different states.

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[Condensed from Rules of Practice A patent may be obtained by any person who has Invented or discovered any new and useful art, machine, manufacture or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof not , previously patented or described in this or any other country, for more than two years prior to his application, unless the same is proved to have been abandoned. A patent may also be obtained for any new design for a manufacture, bust, statue. alto-relievo or bas-relief; for the printing of woolen, silk or other fabrics; for any new im

Ftression, ornament, oat tern, print or picture to \q placed on or woven Into any article of manufacture; and for any new, useful and ordinal shape or configuration of any article of manufacture, upon payment of fees and taking the other necessary steps.

Applications for patents must be in writing, in the English language and signed by the inventor if alive. The application must Include the first fee of $15, a petition, specification and oath, and drawings, model or specimen when required. The petition must lie addressed to the commissioner of patents and must give the name and full address of the applicant, must designate by title the invention sought to be patented, must contain a reference to the specification for a full disclosure of such invention and must be signed by the applicant.

The specification must contain the following in the order named: Name and residence of the applicant with title of invention; a general statement of the object and nature of the invention: a brief description of the several views of the drawings t'if the invention admits cf such illustration); a detailed description; claim or claims; signature of inventor and signatures of two witnesses. Claims for a machine and its product and claims for a machine and the process in the performance of which the machine is used must be presented in separate applications, hut clnims for a process and its product may be presented in the same application.

The applicant, if the Inventor, must make oath or affirmation that he believes himself to be the first inventor or discoverer of that which he seeks to have patented. The oath or affirmation must also state of what country he is a citizen and where lie resides. In every original application the applicant must swear or affirm that the invention has not been patented to himself or to others with his knowledge or consent in this or any foreign country for more than two years prior to his application, or on an application for a patent filed hi any foreign countrv by himself or his legal representatives or assigns more than seven months prior to his application. If application has been made in any foreign country full and explicit detnils must he given. The oath or affirmation may l>o mode before any one who is authorized by the laws of his country to administer oaths.

in the United States patent office.]

Drawings must be on wldte paper with india ink and the sheets must be exactly 10x15 Inches in size, with a margin of one Inch. They must show all details clearly and without the use of superfluous lines.

Applications for reissues must state why the original patent is believed to be defective and tell precisely how the errors were made. These applications must be accompanied by the original patent and an offer to surrender the same; or. If the original be lost, by an affidavit to that effect and certified copy of the patent. Every applicant whose claims have been twice rejected for the same reasons may api>eal from the primary examiners to the examiners in chief upon the payment of a fee of $10.

The duration of patents is for seventeen years except in the case of design patents, which may be for throe and a half, seven or fourteen years as the inventor may elect.

Caveats or notices given to the patent office of claims to inventions to prevent the issue of patent" to other persons upon the same invention, without notice to caveators, may be filed upon the payment of a foe of $10. Caveats must contain the same information as applications for patents.

Schedule of fees and prices:

Original application $15.00

On issue of patent 20.00

Design patent (3% years) 10.00

Design palent (7 years) 15.00

Design patent 114 years) 30.00

Caveat 10.00

Reissue 30.00

First appeal 10.00

Second appeal 20.00

For certified copies of printed patents:

Specifications and drawing, per copy $0.05

Certificate 25

Grant 50

For manuscript copies of records, per 100

words 10

If certified, for certificate 25

Blue prints of drawings, 10x15. per copy 25

Blue prints of drawings. 7x11, per copy 15

Blue prints of drawings, 5x8. per copy 05

For searching records or titles, per hour 50

For the Official Gazette, per year, in United

States 5.00


Yr. Applications.Issues.

1901 46.449 ,27,373

1902 46.641 27,SSfi

1903 50.213 31.699

1904 52.143 30.93J

1905 54,971 30.39F

1906 56,483 31965

Yr. Applications. Issues.

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The articles specified by law as proper subjects of copyright are: Books, maps, charts, dramatic compositions, musical compositions, engravings, cuts, prints, photographs, photographic negatives. chromoa, lithographs, periodicals, paintings, drawings, statuary and models or designs intended to be perfected as works of fine art.

Any one desiring to secure a copyright should send to the librarian of congress for a blank application. This must be filled up according to the printed, directions, which will be found plainly and specifically given on the blank itself. A printed or typewritten copy of the title of the article to be copyrighted must accompany the application; in

the case of paintings, drawings, statuary or designs, descriptions must be Inclosed. On or before the day of publication two complete copies of the book or other artcle must l>e sent to the library of congress to perfect the copyright.

The fee for the entry of title of production of a citizen of the United States is r»0 cents: for a foreigner. $1; certificates. 50 cents additional in either case. Remittances must be made by money order, express order or bank draft: postage stamps and checks will not l>e accepted. The copyright Is for twenty-eight years, but it may be renewed for fourteen more.


Drs. Yurt Weirener and Adolph Koch, German aeronauts, left Bitterfield, near Berlin, Germany. Wednesday evening. April 10, 1007. In an ordinary halloon and the next day arrived at Leicester,

England, after a voyage of 812 miles, lasting only nineteen hours. It was one of the longest, as well as fastest, trips of the kind on record.

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Following is the electoral vote of the states, based upon the apportionment of representatives made by congress under the census of 1900:

Electoral Electoral Electoral

State. vote.

Alabama 11

Arkansas 9

California 10

Colorado 5

Connecticut 7

Delaware 3

Florida 5

Georgia 33

Idaho 3

Illinois 27

Indiana 15

Iowa 13

Kansas io

State. vote

Kentucky 13

Louisiana *.. 9

Maine 6

Maryland .„ H

Massachusetts 16

Michigan 14

Minnesota 11

Mississippi 10

Missouri IS

Montana 3

Nebraska 8

Nevada j 3

State. vote.

New Hampshire 4

New Jersey 12

New York 39

North Carolina 12

North Dakota 4

Ohio 23

Oklahoma 7

Oregon 4

Pennsylvania 34

Rhode Island 4

South Carolina 9

South Dakota 4

Electoral State. vote.

Tennessee 12

Texas is

Utah 3

Vermont 4

Virginia 12

Washington 5

West Virginia 7

Wisconsin 13

Wyoming 3

Total 483

Necessary to choice...242


Morrison Bills—First bill presented to 48th congress during Chester A. Arthur's administration; proposed a horizontal reduction of 20 per cent with free iron ore, coal and lumber; defeated in house April 15, 1884, by vote of 159 to 155; house heavily democratic and senate republican. Second hill presented to 49th congress during Grover Cleveland's first administration; similar to first bill, proposing free wool, salt and lumber; defeated in house June 17, 1886, by a vote of 157 to 140; house democratic, senate republican.

Mills Bill—Presented to 50th congress during Cleveland's first administration; provided for free lumber and wool, reduction on pig iron and abolition of specific duties on cotton; passed bv house July 21, 1888, by vote of 162 to 149. but failed in senate; bouse democratic, senate republican.

McKInley Bill—Passed by 51st congress during Benjamin Harrison's administration; became law

Oct. G, 1890; high protective measure, though remitting duties on sugar and providing for reciprocity treaties; both houses of congress republican.

WTilson Bill—Passed by 53d congress during Cleveland's second administration; became law Aug. 17, I894, without the president's signature; both house- democratic; measure reduced duties in some cases and made additions to free list, notably wool.

Dingley Bill—Passed by 54th congress during MeKinley's administration; approved July 24, 1897; passed by house 205 yeas to 122 nays, 27 members not voting; passed by senate 38 yeas to 28 nays, 23 not voting; house contained 206 republicans and 134 democrats and senate 46 republicans and 34 democrats; measure raised rates to produce more revenue, but was similar in many respects to the McKInley act.


In ease of the removal, death, resignation or Inability of both the president and vice-president, then the secretary of state shall act as president until the disability of the president or vice-president is removed or a president is elected. The rest of the order of succession is: Secretary of the

treasury, secretary of war, attorney-general, postmaster-general, secretary of the navy, secretary of the interior, secretary of agriculture and secretary of commerce and labor. The acting president, in case congress is not in session, must call a special session, giving twenty days' notice.

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Any person who is the bead of a family, or who is 21 years old and is a citizen of the United States or has tiled his declaration of intention to become such, and who is not the proprietor of more than 160 acres of land in any state or territory, is entitled to enter one-quarter section (160 acres) or less quantity of unappropriated public land under the homestead laws. The applicant must make affidavit that he is entitled to the privileges of the homestead act and that the entry is made for his exclusive use and for actual settlement and cultivation, and must pay the legal fee and that part of the commission required, as follows: Fee for 160 acres, $10; commission. $4 to $12. Fee for eighty acres, $5; commission, $2 to $6. Within six months from the date Of entry the settler must take up his residence upon the land and cultivate the same for five years continuously. At the ex

piration of this period, or within two years thereafter, proof of residence and cultivation must he established by four witnesses. The proof of settlement, with the certificate of the register of the land office, is forwarded to the general land office at Washington, from which a patent is issued. Final proof cannot be made until the expiration of five years from date of entry, and must be made within seven years. The government recognizes no sale of a homestead claim. After the expiration of fourteen months from date of entry the law allows the homesteader to secure title to the tract, if so desired, by paying for it in cash and making proof of settlement, residence and cultivation for that period.

The law allows only one homestead privilege to any one nerson


The library of congress was established in 1800 in the city of Washington. D. C. It was burned in 1814 and in 1831 lost 35,000 volumes by fire. The present library building, which cost $0,347.000, was opened to the public in November, 1S07. It is located a short distance east of the capitol and is the largest and finest building of its kind in the world.

June 30, 1906. the library contained 1,379,244 hooks and pamphlets, 80,869 maps, 437,510 pieces of music and 214,276 photographs, prints, engravings and lithographs. The copyright office Is a distinct division of the library with its own force of employes. The total number of employes in the librarv is 437 and the annual cost of maintenance is now about $800,000.

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