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WILLIAM J. BRYAN'S NEW YORK SPEECH.

William J. Bryan returned from his journey | Servia, Hungary and a part of Austria without a around the world Aug. 29, 1906, and on the even change of cars, and yet each country owns and ing of Aug. 30 delivered a speech in Madison operates its own roads and different languages are Square Garden, New York, giving his political spoken on the different divisions of the line. views in detail. Among other things he advocated Sweden and Norway each owns its railroads, but the ownership of railroad trunk lines by the fed they have no trouble about interstate traffic, aleral government and of the local lines by the sev though their political relations are somewiat eral state governments; the placing on the free strained. Jist of articles controlled by trusts, the surrender of "The ownership and operation of the local line3 the Philippines, the passing of an income-tax law by the several state governments is not only and the election of United States senators by the feasible, but it suits itself to the conditions expeople. His remarks on the railroad question isting in the various states. were as follows:

"As to the right of the governments, federal "I have already reached the conclusion that and state, to own and operate railroads there railroads partake so much of the nature of a can be no doubt. If we can deepen the water in monopoly that they must ultimately become pub the lakes and build connecting cana's in order to lic property and be managed by public officials cheapen railroad transportation during half of the in the interest of the whole community, in accord year, we can build a railroad and cheapen rates ance with the well-defined theory that public the whole year; if we can spend several hundred ownership is necessary where competition is im millions on the Panama canal to lower transconpossible. I do not know that the country is ready tinental rates, we can build a railroad from New for this change. I do not know that a majority York to San Francisco to lower both transcontiof my own party favor it, but I believe that an nental and local rates. The United States mail increasing number of the members of all parties is increasing so rapidly that we shall soon be see in public ownership the sure remedy for dis able to pay the interest on the cost of trunk crimination between persons and politics and for the lines out of the money which we now pay to extortionate rates for the carrying of freight and railroads for carrying through mails. passengers. Believing, however, that the opera "If any of you question the propriety of my tion of all the railroads by the federal govern mentioning this subject, I beg to remind you ment would result in a centralization which would that the president could not have secured the all but obliterate state lines, I prefer to see only passage of the rate bill had he not appealed to the trunk lines operated by the federal govern the fear of the more radical remedy of government and the local lines by the several state ment ownership, and nothing will so restrain the governments.

railroad magnates from attempting to capture "Some have opposed this dual ownership as im the interstate-commerce commission as the same practicable, but investigation in Europe has con fear. The high-handed manner in which they vinced me that it is entirely practicable. Nearly have violated law and ignored authority, together all the railroads of Germany are owned by the with the corruption discovered in high places, has several states, the empire not even owning the done more to create sentiment in favor of public trunk lines, and yet the interstate. traffic is in

ownership than all the speeches and arguments nowise obstructed. In traveling from Constantinople of the opponents of private ownership." to Vienna one passes through Turkey, Bulgaria,

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THE HAYWOOD MURDER TRIAL IN IDAHO.

Frank Steunenberg, former governor of Idaho, was killed by a bomb as he was entering the gateway of his home in Caldwell. Idaho, on the night of Dec. 30. 1905. He had been prominent in suppressing disorders caused by a strike of miners in the Cour d'Alene district, and had made many enemies, particularly through calling in troops and proclaiming martial law. This brought him into conflict with the Western Federation of Miners, and many threats against his life were made. It was not, however, until about six years after the strike troubles were ended and after he had returned to private life that he was killed. The first man arrested for the crime was Harry Orchard, a former member of the federation and a miner, and then Stephen Adams, a companion, was caught. James McPartland, a Pinkerton detective, who had been instrumental many years before in breaking up the Molly Maguire gang in Pennsylvania, secured a confession from Orchard, and on the strength of this the officials of Idaho and Colorado caused the arrest in Denver, Col., on the night of Feb. 19, 1906. of Charles H. Moyer, William D. Haywood and Charles H. Pettibone, president, secretary and executive committeeman, respectively, of the Western Federation of Miners. Requisition papers had already been granted and the men were placed on a special train and taken

to Boise, Idaho, to await trial. A great outcry was raised against the method of their arrest and removal from Colorado and various labor organi. zations throughout the country raised funds for their defense. President Roosevelt early in 1907 added to the excitement by describing the defendants as “un lesirable citizens,” it being claimed that he was thereby prejudicing the case.

The cases against the accused men were separated and that against William D. Haywood was first tried. The selection of a jury was begun before Judge Fremont Wood May 9, 1907. Senator William E. Borah and State's Attorney James H. Hawley appeared for the prosecution and E. F. Richardson of Denver and Clarence Darrow of Chicago represented the defense. The jury was completed June 3; the state's case was closed June 27; the defense closed July 12, and the state's rebuttal ended July 19. The case was given to the jury July 27 and July 28 the jury returned a veridet of not guilty. The chief witness for the prosecution was Harry Orchard, who claimed that the officers of the Western Federation of Miners paid him to kill Steunenberg and to commit many other crimes in Colorado and Idaho in connection with the labor troubles in those states. Haywood was liberated as soon as the verdict was returned and Moyer was admitted to bail.

elab in Colorado ana and to commit many's haid

ANTI-EUROPEAN RIOTS IN INDIA.

As the result of inflammatory speeches made by districts. The fact that just fifty years had native orators and of articles in the native press elapsed since the great mutiny of 1857 led to serious anti-European riots took place at Lahore. some apprehension that a general uprising of the Rawalpindi and other places in the Punjab and natives had been planned. The agitators aimed at in Bengal early in May. 1307. Considerable prop self-government for the native states and eventual erty was destroyed, but no lives were lost. The independence, but the riots were anti-Christian as authorities took energetic measures to quell the well as anti-European. The most prominent leader revolt, transporting the leaders to other provinces in the movement was Lala Lajpat Rai, a promiand increasing the military forces in the disturbed | nent lawyer of the Punjab.

ELECTION CALENDAR.
GENERAL STATE ELECTIONS.

| Virginia--Every fourth year. Next election Nov. Alabama--Every fourth year. Next election Nov. 2, 1909. 8, 1910.

Washington-Every fourth year. Next election Arkansas-Biennially; first Monday in September. Nov. 3. 1908. Next election Sept. 7, 1908.

West Virginia-Every fourth year. Next election California-Every fourth year. Next election Nov.

Nov. 3, 1908.

Wisconsin-Biennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908. 8, 1910. Colorado-Biennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.

Wyoming-Every fourth year. Next election Nov. Connecticut-State officers, except attorney-general,

18, 1910. biennially; attorney-general quadrennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.

CHICAGO, COOK COUNTY AND ILLINOIS. Delaware-Every fourth year. Next election Nov.

FIRST TUESDAY IN APRIL. 3, 1908.

Aldermen in Chicago (one from each ward) anFlorida-Every fourth year. Next élection Nov. 3,

nually. Next election April 7, 1908.

Mayor quadrennially, treasurer and city clerk bi1908.

ennially. Next election of mayor in 1911; of Georgia-Biennially; first Monday in October. Nexi

treasurer and city clerk in 1909. election Oct. 5, 1908. Idaho-Biennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.

Town officers, officers in citiey containing one or

more towns and officers in villages whose boundIllinois-Governor, lieutenant-governor, secretary

aries coincide with the boundaries of a town anof state, auditor and attorney-general every

nually. Next election April 7, 1908. fourth year. Next election Nov. 3, 1908. State treasurer biennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.

THIRD TUESDAY IN APRIL, Indiana--Governor, every fourth year. Next elec

Officers of cities organized under the general law tion Nov. 3, 1908. Other state officers bienn.al

(except such as contain within their limits one iy. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.

or more townships) annually. Next election April

21, 1908. Iowa-Governor, lieutenant-governor, superintendent of instruction, one justice of the Supreme

| Officers of villages organized under the general court and one railroad commissioner bien ial.y.

law (except where territorial limits coincide with Next election Nov. 3, 1998. Other state officers

the territorial limits of a township) annually. biennially in the alternate years. Next election

Next election April 21, 1908. Nov. 2, 1909,

FIRST MONDAY IN JUNE. Kansas- Biennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908. Judges of the Circuit court (fourteen in Cook Louisiana--Every fourth year; third Tuesday in county) every sixth year, counting from 1873. April. Next election April 21, 1908.

Next election in 1909. Maine-Biennially; second Monday in September. Judges of the Supreme Court of the state. 5th Next election Sept. 14, 1908.

district, every ninth year, counting from 1873 Maryland-Every fourth year. Next election Nov. (next election in 1909); from the 4th district 7, 1911.

every ninth year, counting from 1876 (next Massachusetts--Annually. Next election Nov. 3, election in 1909); from the 1st, 2d, 3d, 6th and 1908.

7th districts every ninth year, counting from Michigan-Biennially. Next election Nov. 3. 1908. 1879. Next election in 1915. Mississippi-Every fourth year. Next election One judge of the Superior court of Cook county Nov. 1, 1911.

every sixth year, counting from 1903. Next eleMissouri-Principal state officers every fourth year. tion 1909.

Next election of governor, lieutenant-governor, FIRST TUESDAY AFTER FIRST MONDAY IN secretary of state, auditor, treasurer and attor

NOVEMBER. ney-general Nov. 3, 1908.

Presidential electors, governor, lieutenant-gov. Montana-Every fourth year. Next election Noy.

ernor, secretary of state, auditor, attorney-general, 3, 1908.

state senators in even-numbered districts, memNebraska-Biennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908. bers of the state board of equalization, clerk of Nevada-Every fourth year. Next election Nov. the Superior court and recorder of deeds in S, 1910.

Cook county, clerks of the Circuit courts, state's New Hampshire-Biennially. Next election Nov.

attorneys, county surveyors and county coroners 3, 1908.

every fourth year, counting from 1872. Next New Jersey-Governor every third year, other of election Nov. 3, 1908. ficers appointed. Next election Nov. 8, 1910.

State treasurer, representatives in congress, New York-Biennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908. representatives in the general assembly and three North Carolina-Every fourth year. Next elec trustees of the l'niversity of Illinois every section Noy. 3, 1908.

ond year, counting from 1872. Next election North Dakota-Biennially. Next election Nov. 3, Nov. 3. 1908 1908.

Clerk of the state Supreme court every sixth Ohio-Governor, lieutenant-governor, state treas year, counting from 1902. Next election Nov. 3,

urer and attorney-general biennially. Next elec 1908. tion Nov. 2, 1909. Secretary of state and dairy Clerks of the Appellate courts every sixth year, and food commissioner biennially. Next elec counting from 1878. Next election Nov. 3, 1908. tion Nov. 3, 1908. Auditor every fourth year. Superintendent of public instruction, state senaNext election Nov. 7, 1911.

tors in odd-numbered districts, clerk of the Oklahoma-Every four years; next election in 1910. Criminal court in Cook county, county clerks, Oregon-Every fourth year; first Monday in June. county judges, county treasurers, county superNext election June 6, 1910.

intendents of schools and sheriff's every fourth Pennsylvania-Governor, lieutenant-governor and year, counting from 1874. Next election Nov. 8,

secretary of internal affairs every fourth year. 1910. Next election Nov. 8, 1910. State treasurer President and fifteen members of the Cook county biennially. Next election Nov. 2, 1909. Other board biennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908. officials appointed

Five members of the board of assessors in Cook Rhode Island - Annually. Next election Nov. 3, county every second year as terms (six years) 1908.

expire. Two will be elected Nov. 3, 1908, one in South Carolina-Biennially. Next election Nov. 3 1910 and two in 1912. 1908.

Three members of the board of review in (o k South Dakota-Biennially. Next election Nov. 3, county every second year as terms (six years) 1908.

expire. One will be elected Nov. 3, 1908, one in Tennessee-Biennially. Next election Nov. 3. 1908. 1910 and one in 1912. Texas-Biennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908. Eleven judges of the Superior court of Cook counUtah-Every fourth year. Next election Nov. 3, ty as terms (six years) expire. One will be 1908.

elected in 1907, one in 1909, six in 1910 and Vermont-Biennially first Tuesday in September. four in 1911. Next election Sept. 1, 1908,

| Nine sanitary district trustees in Cook county as

terms expire. Three are elected every other year. Next election Nov. 3, 1908. Next president to be elested in 1910. Twenty-seven judges, one chief justice, one clerk

and one bailiff of the Municipal court as terms expire. Nine judges will be elected Nov. 3, 1908. nine in 1910 and nine in 1912. The next chief justice will be elected in 1912.

NATIONAL NOMINATING CONVENTIONS SINCE 1880.

Place and date of each and names of nominees for president and vice-president in the order named: 1880–Democratic: Cincinnati, O., June 22-21;

Winfield S. Hancock and William H. English. Republican: Chicago, Ill., June 2-8; James A.

Garfield and Chester A. Arthur. Greenback: Cnicago, Ill., June 9-11; James B.

Weaver and B. J. Chambers. Prohibition: Cleveland, O., June 17; Neal Dow

and A. M. Thompson. 1884–Democratic: Chicago, Ill., July 8-11; Grover

Cleveland and Thomas A. Hendricks, Republican Chicago, Ill., June 3-6; Jar

Blaine and John A. Logan. Greenback: Indianapolis, Ind., May 28-29; Ben

jamin F. Butler and Alarson X1. West. American Prohibition: Chicago, Ill., June 19;

Samuel C. Pomeroy and John A. Conant. National Prohibition: Pittsburg. Pa., July 23;

John P. St. John and William Daniel. Anti-Monopoly: Chicago, Ill., May 14; Benja

win F. Butler and Alanson M. West, Equal Rights: San Francisco, Cal., Sept. 20;

Mrs. Belva A. Lockwood and Mrs. Marietta L.

Stow. . 1888–Democratic: St. Louis, Mo., June 5; Grover

Cleveland and' Allen G. Thurman. Republican: Chicago, Ill., June 19; Benjamin

Harrison and Levi P. Morton. Prohibition: Indianapolis, Ind., May 20; Clinton

B. Fisk and John A. Brocks. Union Labor: Cincinnati, O., May 15; Alson J.

Streeter and Samuel Evans. United Labor: Cincinnati, O., May 15; Robert

H. Cowdrey and W. H. T. Wakfield. American: Washington, D. C., Aug. 14; James

L. Curtis and James R. Greer. Equal Rights: Des Moines, Iowa, May 15; Mrs.

Belva A. Lockwood and Alfred H. Love. 1892–Democratic: Chicago, Ill., June 21; Grover

Cleveland and Adlai E. Stevenson. Republican: Minneapolis. Minn., June 7-10; Ben

jamin Harrison and Whitelaw Reid. Prohibition: Cincinnati, O., June 29; John Bid

well ard J. B. Cranfill. National People's: Omaha, Neb., July 2-5;

James B. Weaver and James G. Field. Socialist-Labor: New York, N. Y., Aug. 28;

Simon Wing and Charles H. Matchett. 1896–Democratic.. Cnicago, Ill., July 7; William

J. Bryan and Arthur Sewall. Republican: St. Louis, Mo., June 16; William

McKinley and Garret A. Hobart,

People's Party: St. Louis, Mo., July 22; Wil

liam J. Bryan and Thomas E. Watson, Silver Party: St. Louis, Mo., July 22; William

J. Bryan and Arthur Sewall. National Democratic: Indianapolis, Ind., Sept.

2; John J. Palmer and Simon B. Buckner. Prohibition: Pittsburg, Pa., May 27; Joshua Lev.

ering and Hale Johnson, National Party: Pittsburg. Pa., May 28; Charles

E. Bentley and James H. Southgate. Socialist-Labor: New York, N. Y., July 6;

Charles H. Matchett and Matthew Maguire. 1900–Democratic: Kansas City, Mo., July 4-6;

William J. Bryan and Adlai E. Stevenson. Republican: Philadelphia, Pa.. June 19-21; Wil, liam McKinley and Theodore Rooosevelt. People's Party: Sioux Falls, S. D., May 9-10;

William J. Bryan and Adlai E. Stevenson. People's Party (Middle-of-the-Road): Cincinnati,

0., May 9-10; Wharton Barker and Ignatius Donnelly. Silver Republican: Kansas City, Mo., July 4-6;

William J. Bryan and Adlai E. Stevenson. Prohibition: Chicago, Ill., June 27-28; John G.

Woolley and Heni y B. Metcalf. Socialist-Labor: New York, N. Y., June 2-8;

Joseph P. Malloney and Valentine Remmel. Social Democratic Party of the United States:

Rochester, N. Y., Jan 27; Job Harriman and Max S. Hayes Social Democratic Party of America: Indianap

olis, Ind., March 6; Eugene V. Debs and Job

Harriman. Union Reform: Baltimore, Md., Sept. 3; Seth

W. Ellis and Samuel T. Nicholson. 1904–Democratic: St. Louis, Mo., July 6-9; Alton

B. Parker and Henry G. Davis. . Republican: Chicago, Ill., June 21-23; Theodore

Roosevelt and Charles W. Fairbanks. People's party: Springfield, Ill. July 4-6;

Thomas E. Watson and Thomas H. Tibbles. Prohibition: Indianapolis, Ind., June 29-July 1;

Silas C. Swallow and George W. Carroll. Socialist-Labor: New York. N. Y., July 3-9;

Charles H. Corregan and William W. Cox. Socialist-Democratic Party of America: Chicago,

ill., May 1-6; Eugene V. Debs and Benjamin Hanford. Continental: Chicago, Ill., Aug. 31; Charles H.

Howard and George H. Shibley. (Nominees declined and Austin Holcomb and A. King were substituted by the national committee.)

INLAND WATERWAYS COMMISSION.

only them, these physically sics or lands ottomlands

Appointed by President Roosevelt March 16, 1907. I is relieved the whole nation will share the good Theodore E. Burton, chairman; Francis G. New results. lands, William Warner, John H. Bankhead, Alex "Any plan for utilizing our inland waterways ander Mackenzie, J. W. McGee, F. H. Newell. should consider floods and their control by forests Gifford Pinchot, Herbert Knox Smith.

and other means; the protection of bottomlands from injury by overflows and uplands from loss

by soil wash; the physics of sediment-charged In a letter addressed to the members of the waters and the physical or other ways of purifycommission President Roosevelt declares that the ing them; the construction of dams and locks, not time has come for merging local projects and uses only to facilitate navigation but to control the of the inland waters in a comprehensive plan de character and movement of the waters, and should signed for the benefit of the entire country. The look to the full use and control of our running warailroads, he asserts, are no longer able to move ters and the complete artificialization of our wathe crops and manufactures rapidly enough to se terways for the benefit of our people as a whole. cure the prompt transaction of the business of the "It is not possible properly to frame so large a nation, and there appears to be but one complete plan as this for the control of our rivers without remedy-the development of a complementary sys taking account of the orderly development of other tem of transportation by water. The president's natural resources. Therefore, I ask that the inlandletter continues:

waterways commission shall consider the relations "The present congestion affects chiefly the pet of the streams to the use of all the great permaple of the Mississippi valley, and they demand renent natural resources and their conservation for lief. When the congestion of which they complain the making and maintenance of prosperous homes."

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NATIONAL PLATFORMS OF 1904.

Following are summaries of the principal fea I SOCIALIST.-The platform pledges the party to tures of the national party platforms adopted in I work and vote for shortened days of labor and 1904. The full texts will be found in The Daily increased wages; for the insurance of workers News Almanac and Year-Book for 1905, beginning against sickness, accident and lack of employment; on page 126.

for pensions for aged and exhausted workers; for REPUBLICAN.-The platform advocates the princi. public ownership of the means of transportation, ple of protection and reciprocity, the maintenance communication and exchange; for the graduated of the gold standard, the encouragement of the taxation of incomes, inheritances and of franmerchant marine, the upbuilding of the navy, the chise and land values; for equal suffrage of men exclusion of Chinese labor, honest enforcement of | and women; for the prevention of the use of milthe civil-service law, liberal administration of the itary against labor in the settlement of strikes; pension laws, arbitration, the protection of Amer for the free administration of justice; for the ican citizens abroad, the reduction of representa initiative, referendum and proportional represention in congress and the electoral college of states tation, and for the recall of officers by their conin which the elective franchise is unconstitution stituents. These things, it is declared, are but ally limited, and the control of combinations of a preparation of the workers to seize the whole capital and labor. The declaration in regard to powers of government in order that they may protection is: "We insist upon the maintenance thereby lay hold of the whole system of industry of the principles of protection and therefore rates and thus come into their rightful inheritance, of duty should be readjusted only when conditions PROHIBITIONIST.-The platform pledges the party, have so changed that the public interest demands whenever given the power by the suffrage of the their alteration. But this work cannot be safely people, to the enactment and enforcement of laws committed to any other hands than those of the prohibiting and abolishing the manufacture, imrepublican party."

portation, transportation and sale of alcoholic bev. DEMOCRATIC. -The enactment of laws giving la erages and favors a rigid application of the prinbor and capital impartially their just rights, trial ciples of justice to all combinations of capital and by jury for indirect contempt, liberal appropri labor, international arbitration, reform of divorce ations for the improvement of waterways, reduc laws, the final extirpation of polygamy and the ticns in the expenditures of the government, hon overthrow of the system of illegal sanction of esty in the public service and the preservation of the "open door'' for commerce in the orient are POPULIST.-It is demanded that all money shall favored. The platform declares against imperial be issued by the government in such quantities as ism and the retention of the Philippines, denounces shall maintain a stability in prices, every dollar protection as a robbery of the many for the en to be a full legal tender; that postal banks be richment of the few, and favors the revision and established; that the right of labor to organize general reduction of the tariff by the friends of shall not be interfered with; that laws be passed the masses and for the common weal and not by to abolish child labor and suppress convict labor the friends of its abuses. Trusts and combinations and sweatshops, and that the government shall are denounced as a menace to beneficial competi own the railroads and telegraph and telephone tion and rebates and discriminations by transpor systems. The eight-hour day is favored and legal tation companies are declared to be the most po provision under which the people may exercise tent agency in promoting and strengthening unlaw the initiative, referendum and proportional repful conspiracies against trade. Demands of the resentation and direct vote for all public oficers platform include: Election of United States sen with right to recall are urged. ators by a direct vote of the people; the admis SOCIALIST-LABOR.- The platform urges that a sion to statehood of Oklahoma, Indian Territory, summary end be put to the existing class conflict Arizona and New Mexico; the extermination of by placing the land and all the means of producpolygamy; the defeat of the ship-subsidy bill; the tion, transportation and distribution into the hands maintenance of the Monroe doctrine; the reduction of the people as a collective body and substituting of the army and army expenditures; the enforce the co-operative commonwealth for the present ment of the civil-service laws, and the defeat of planless production, industrial war and social disthe attempt to revive race prejudices.

order.

Social evil the systtion of peform of ital and

PLATFORM UTTERANCES IN 1907.

But few state conventions were held in 1907, and some of the platforms adopted at these confined themselves chiefly to local issues. Massachusetts republicans reaffirmed their belief in the principles of protection to American industries and American labor, but they also commended for adoption by the next national republican convention a resolution calling the congress to meet in special session to determine upon amendments to the present tariff law or the enactment of a new measure to meet changed conditions, to remove duties needless either for revenues or protection and make such modifications as experience may have shown to be necessary. The re-establishment of the American merchant marine was also urged.

The Whitney faction democratic convention in Massachusetts advocated reciprocity and condemned the Dingley tariff.

Nebraska democrats adopted a platform approving the laws prohibiting passes and rebates; opposing the centralization idea, and urging the revision of the tariff immediately and the imposition of an income tax. On the trust question it said: "A private monopoly is indefensible and intolerable. We therefore favor the vigorous enforcement of the criminal laws against trusts and trust magnates, and demand the enactment of such additional legislation as may be necessary to make it impossible for a private monopoly to exist in the United States."

The Nebraska republican platform favored the enactment of a federal law and if necessary an amendment to the federal constitution which will forbid the federal courts from issuing writs of injunction against state ofticers charged by law with the enforcement of state statutes.

THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF 1908.

Presidential electors will be voted for in each of the Senate in Washington. The president of state of the union Nov. 3, 1908. The elector's so the Senate, in the presence of the senate and chosen will subsequently meet in their respective | house of representatives, opens all the certificates, states, cast their ballots for president and also the votes are then counted and the result defor vice-president of the United States, make lists clared. If no candidate for president has a maof the persons voted for, with the number of jority, then the house of representatives elects votes cast for each, sign and certify the lists one of the three having the largest number of and then transmit them, sealed, to the president I electoral votes, each state casting one vote. The same is done in the case of 'the vice-president ex- liam J. Bryan, and it was generally assumed that cept that one of the two candidates having the lar. he would be the candidate of the democratic gest number of electoral votes is chosen.

party in 1908 for president. Republican leaders The total number of electoral votes in 1908 urged for the presidency either by state convenbeing 483, ihe winuing candidate must have 242. tions or political organizations included William

In the republican state conventions held in 1907 H. Taft. Charles W. Fairbank's, Charles E. the policies of President Roosevelt were indorsed | Hughes, Elihu Root, Joseph G. Cannon. Albert and similar action was taken by a number of leg B. Cummins, Philander C. Knox, George P. Wetislatures controlled by republicans. Democratic more and Robert M. LaFollette. conventions generally indorsed the policies of Wil

CHIEF POLITICAL EVENTS OF 1907.

Jan, 7-George B. Cortelyou announced his retire- June 19-Democratic convention held in Oklahoma: ment as chairman of the republican national Charles N. Haskell nominated for governor. committee; Harry S. New acting chairman.

June 19-Republican state convention held in KenJan. 15- United States senators elected as fol. tucky; A. E. Wilson nominated for governor.

lows: Harry A. Richardson, rep., Delaware; W. June 26-Walter F. Frear, rep., appointed govM. Crane, rep., Massachusetts; W. P. Frye,

ernor for Hawaii, rep., Maine; Joseph M. Dixon, rep., Montana;

June 27-Pennsylvania state democratic convenNorris Brown, rep.. Nebraska; Simon Guggen

tion held; John G. Harmon nominated for treasheim, rep., Colorado; William E. Borah, rep.,

urer. Idaho.

July 9-A. 0. Bacon elected United States senator Jan. 16–United States senators elected: Henry E. Purnham, cep., New

by Georgia legislature. Hampshire; William A.

July 12-Announcement made of Robert M. LaSmith, rep., Michigan. Jan. 22–United States senators elected: Robert

Follette's candidacy for president of the United

States. L. Taylor, dem., Tennessee; Frederick W. Mulk

July 16--Dr. Edward R. Taylor elected mayor of ley. rep., and Jonathan Bourne, Jr., rep., Oregen; Benjamin R. Tillman, dem., South Caro

San Francisco by board of supervisors. lina; Jonathan P. Dolliver, rep., Iowa; Edmund July 30-Prohibition bill passed by Georgia legi W. Pettis, dem.. and John T. Morgan, dem., lature. Alabama.

July 30-Members of first Philippine assembly Jan. 23—United States senators elected: Stephen elected; nationalists win.

B. Elkins, rep., West Virginia; Joseph W. Bai- | Aug. 1-Oklahoma republican convention held; ley, dem., Texas; Shelby M. Cullom, rep., Illi Frank Frantz nominated for governor. nois; Robert J. Gamble, rep., South Dakota; | Aug. 2-Mississippi primary elections held; John Knute Nelson, rep., Minnesota; F. M. Simmons, Sharp Williams nominated for United States sendem., North Carolina; Francis E. Warren, rep., ator and Edmona F. Noel for goverror. Wyoming; Charles Curtis, rep., Kansas.

Aug. 8-Maryland state democratic convention Jan. 30-Jeff Davis, dem., elected United States held; Austin O. Crothers nominated for governor. senator in Arkansas.

Aug. 8-California primary election law sustained Feb. 5-Frank 0. Briggs, rep., elected United

by state Supreme court. States senator in New Jersey.

Aug. 14-Maryland republican state convention Feb. 3—United States Senator John C. Spooner

held; George R. Gaither nominated for governor. resigned.

Aug. 19-Speech made by William H. Taft at March 5-Regis H. Post appointed governor of

Columbus, O., on relations of the government to Porto Rico.

railroads and industrial corporations, April 1- Minor state officials elected in Michigan; Aug. 20-Policy of the government toward law. republicans successful.

breakers defined by President Roosevelt In April 2–Fred A. Busse elected mayor of Chicago. 1 speech at Provincetown, Mass. April 2-D. E. Cornell, rep., elected mayor of Aug. 22-Race question dealt with in speech by Kansas City, Mo.

Secretary Taft at Lexington, Ky. April 9-Minnesota house of representatives passed | Aug. 24-Secretary Taft in speech in Oklahoma at

resolution recommending nomination of President tacked the proposed state constitution. Roosevelt to succeed himself.

| Sept. 17-Election held in Oklahoma; democratic April 10-President Roosevelt's administration in state ti ket elected, constitution indorsed and

dorsed by Connecticut house of representatives. I state-wide prohibition adopted. April 13-Call for national convention of the Sept. 17-Special charter election held in Chicago; United Christian party issued.

charter defeated. April 18--George Curry, dem., appointed governor Sept. 17-New Jersey democratic state convention of New Mexico.

held; Frank S. Katzenbach nominated for goyApril 23-Rhode Island legislature adjourned with

ernor. out electing a successor to United States Senator Wetmore.

on Sept. 19-New Jersey republican state convention

held; J. Franklin Fort nominated for governor. May 7-Barry Mahool, dem., elected mayor of Baltimore.

Sept. 24-State platform conventions held by reMay 8-Chairman Brown of Ohio republican state

publicans, democrats and populists in Nebraska. central committee declared for William H. Taft Sept. 27-Wiiliam R. Hearst and friends decidei for president and W. B. Foraker for senator.

to forin national party out of Independence May 17-Isaac Stephenson, rep. elected United league. States senator in Wisconsin.

Oct. 5--Republican and democratic state convenMay 27-Michigan State Senate passed resolution tions held in Massachusetts. Curtis Guild, Jr.,

asking that President Roosevelt be elected for a renominated for governor by republicans; demo. second elective term.

cratic convention split, one faction nominating June 5-Persons in classified civil service prohib Henry M. Whitney and the other Charles W.

ited by President Roosevelt from taking an Bartlett for governor. active part in politics.

Oct. 8-Rhode Island democratic state convention June 6-Pennsylvania republican state convention held; James H. Higgins nominated for governor.

held; John O. Sheatz nominated for treasurer Oct. 10-Rhode Island republican convention held;

and Philander C. Knox indorsed for president. Frederick H. Jackson nominated for governor. June 17-John H. Bankhead, dem., appointed | Nov. -State elections held in Rhode Island,

United States senator by governor of Alabama to Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Pennsyl. succeed John T. Morgan, deceased. (Formally vania, Kentucky and Mississippi. (For results elected by legislature July 16.)

see election returns.)

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