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GENERAL STATE ELECTIONS.
Alabama—Every fourth year. Next election Nov. 8. 1910.
Arkansas—Biennially; first Monday In September. Next election Sept. 7, 1908.
California—Every fourth yegr. Next election Nov. 8, 1910.
Colorado—Biennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.
Connecticut—State officers, except attorney-general. biennially; attorney-general quadrennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.
Delaware—Every fourth year. Next election Nov. 3. 1908.
Florida—Every fourth year. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.
Georgia—Biennially; first Monday in October. Nex. election Oct. 5, 1908.
Idaho—Biennially. Next election Nov. 3. 1908.
Illinois—Governor, lieutenant-governor, secretary of state, auditor and attorney-general every fourth year. Next election Nov.' 3, 190s. State treasurer biennially. Next election Nov. 3. 11*08.
Indiana—Governor, every fourth year. Next election Nov. 3. 19i»8. Other stale officers bienn.ally. Next election Nov. 3. 1908.
Iowa—Governor, lieutenant-governor, superintendent of instruction, one justice of the Supreme court and one railroad commissioner bleu, ial.y. Next election Nov. 3, 19n8. Other state officers biennially in the alternate years. Next election Nov. 2, 1909.
Kansas—Biennially. Next election Nov. 3. 1908.
Louisiana—Every fourth year: third Tuesday in April. Next election April 21 1008.
Maine—Biennially; second Monday in September. Next election Sept, 14, 1908.
Maryland—Every fourth year. Next election Nov.
Massachusetts—Annually. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.
Michigan—Biennially. Next election Nov. 3. 1908.
Mississippi—Every fourth year. Next election Nov. 7, 1911.
Missouri—Principal state officers every fourth year. Next election of governor, lieutenant-governor, secretary of state, auditor, treasurer and attorney-general Nov. 3, 1908.
Montana—Every fourth year. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.
Nebraska—Biennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.
Nevada—Every fourth year. Next election Nov.
New Hampshire—Biennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.
New Jersey—Governor every third year, other officers appointed. Next election Nov. 8, 1910.
New York—Biennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.
North Carolina—Every fourth year. Next election Nov. 3. 1908.
North Dakot a—Biennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.
Ohio—Governor, lieutenant-governor, state treasurer and attorney-general biennially. Next election Nov. 2. 1909. Secretary of state and dairy and food commissioner biennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908. Auditor every fourth year. Next election Nov. 7, 19-11.
Oklahoma—Every four years; next election in 1910.
Oregon—Every fourth year; first Monday in June. Next election June 6« 1910.
Pennsylvania—Governor, lieutenant-governor and secretary of internal affairs every fourth year. Next election Nov. 8. 1910. State treasurer biennially. Next election Nov. 2, 1909. Other officials appointed.
Rhode Island—Annually. Next election Nov. 3, 190S.
South Carolina—Biennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.
South Dakota—Biennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.
Tennessee—Biennially. Next election Nov. 3. 1908.
Texas—Biennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.
rtah— Every fourth year. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.
Vermont—Biennially; first Tuesday in September. Next election Sept. 1, 1908.'
Next election Nov. Next election Next election
Virginia—Every fourth year.
Nov. 3. 1908.
Nov. 8, 1908.
CHICAGO, COOK COUNTY AND ILLINOIS.
Aldermen in Chicago (one from each ward) annually. Next election April 7, 1908.
Mayor quadrennially, treasurer and city clerk biennially. Next election of mayor in 1911; of treasurer and city clerk in 1909.
Town officers, officers in cities containing one or more towns and officers in villages whose boundaries coincide with the boundaries of a town annually. Next election April 7, 1908.
THIRD TUESDAY IN APRIL.
Officers of cities organized under the general law (except such as contain within their limits one or more townships) annually. Next election April 21, 1903.
Officers of villages organized under the general law (except where territorial limits coincide with the territorial limits of a township) annually. Next election April 21, 1908.
FIRST MONDAY I IT JUNE.
Judges of the Circuit court (fourteen in Cook county) every sixth year, counting from 1873t Next election in 1909.
Judges of the Supreme court of the state, 5th district, every ninth year, counting from 1873 (next election In 1909); from the 4th district every ninth year, counting from 1876 (next election In 1900); from the 1st, 2d, 3d. 6th and 7th districts every ninth year, counting from 1870. Next election In" 1015.
One judge of the Superior court of Cook county every sixth year, counting from 1903. Next election 1909.
FIRST TUESDAY AFTER FIRST MONDAY IN
Presidential electors, governor, lieutenant-governor, secretary of state, auditor, attorney-general, state senators in even-numbered districts, members of the state board of equalization, clerk of the Superior court and recorder of deeds in Cook county, clerks of the Circuit courts, state's attorneys, county surveyors and county coroners every fourth year, counting from 1872. Next election Nov. 3, 190S.
State treasurer, representatives in congress, representatives in the general assembly and three trustees of the I'niversity of Illinois every second year, counting from 1872. Next election Nov. 3. 1908.
Clerk of the state Supreme court every sixth year, counting from 1902. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.
Clerks of the Appellate courts every sixth yenr, counting from 187S. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.
Superintendent of public Instruction, state senators in odd-numbered districts, clerk of the Criminal court in Cook county, county clerks, county judges, county treasurers, county superintendents of schools atid sheriffs every fourth year, counting from 1874. Next election Nov. 8, 1910.
President and fifteen members of the Cook county board biennially. Next election Nov. 3, 1908.
Five members of the board of assessors in Cook
terms expire. Three are elected every other year. Next election Nov. 3, 190S. Next president to be elected in 1910. Twenty-seven judges, one chief justice, one clerk
and one bailiff of the Municipal court as terms expire. Nine judges will be elected Nov. 3, 1008. nine in 1910 and nine in 1912. The next chief justice will be elected in 1912.
NATIONAL NOMINATING CONVENTIONS SINCE 1880.
riace and date of each and names of nominees for presideut and vice-president in the order named: 1880—Democratic: Cincinnati. O., June 22-24;
Winfleld S. Hancock and William 11. English. Republican: Chicago, 111., June 2-8; James A.
Garfield and Chester A. Arthur. . Greenback: Cnicago, 111., June 9-11; James B.
Weaver and B. J. Chambers. Prohibition: Cleveland. O., June 17; Neal Dow
and A. M. Thompson. 1884—Democratic: Chicago, 111., July 8-11; Grover
Cleveland and Thomas A. Hendricks. Republican: Chicago. 111., June 3-0; James G.
Blaine and John A, Logan. Greenback: Indianapolis, Ind., Slay 28-20; Benjamin F. Butler and Alansou M. West. American Prohibition: Chicago, 111., June 19;
Samuel C. Pomeroy and John A. Conant. National Prohibition: Pittsburg, Pa.. July 23;
John P. St. John and William Daniel. Anti-Monopoly: Chicago, 111.. May 14; Benjamin F. Butler and Alanson M. West. Equal Rights: San Francisco, Cal., Sept. 20;
Mrs. Belva A. Lockwood and Mrs. Marietta L.
Stow. 1888—Democratic: St. Louis. Mo., June 5; Grover
Cleveland and Allen G. Thurman. Republican; Chicago. III., June 19; Benjamin
Harrison and Levi P. Morton. Prohibition: Indianapolis. Ind., May 20; Clinton
B.- Fisk and John A. Brocks. Union Labor: Cincinnati. ().. May 15; Alson J.
Streeter and Samuel Evans. United Labor: Cincinnati, O.. May 15; Robert
H. Cowdrey and W. II. T. Wak< fl dd. American: Washington. D. C, Aug. 14: James
L. Curtis and Jam s R. Greer. Equal Rights: 'Oes Moines. Iowa, May 15; Mrs.
Belva A. Lockwood and Alfred H. Love. 1802—Democratic: Chicago, 111., Jnne 21; Grover
Cleveland and Adlai E. Stevenson. Republican: Minneapolis. Minn., June 7-10; Benjamin Harrison and Whltelaw Held. Prohibition: Cincinnati. O., June 29; John Bi.l
well and J. B. Cranflll. National People's: Omaha, Neb.. July 2-5;
James B. Weaver and James G. Field. Socialist-Labor: New York. N. Y., Aug. 28;
Simon Wine: and Charles H. Matehett. 1896—Democratic.. Cnicago, III., July 7; William
J. Bryan and Arthur Sewall. Republican: St. Louis. Mo.. June 16; William
McKinlcy and Garret A. Hobart.
People's Party: St. Louis. Mo., July 22; William J. Bryan and Thomas E. Watson.
Silver Party: St. Louis. Mo.. July 22; William J. Bryan and Arthur Sewall.
National Democratic: Indianapolis, Ind., Sept. 2; John M. Palmer and Simon B. Buckuer.
Prohibition: Pittsburg. Pa., May 27; Joshua Levering and Hale Johnson.
National Party: Pittsburg. Pa., May 28; Charles E. Bentlev and Jauii-s H. Southgate.
Socialist-Labor: New York. N. Y\, July 0; Charles H. Matehett and Matthew Maguire. 1900—Democratic: Kansas City, Mo., July 4-6; William J. Bryan and Adlai E. Stevenson.
Republican: Philadelphia. Pa., June 19-21; Wil
, liam McKinley and Theodore Rooosevelt.
People's Party: Sioux Falls, S. D.. May 9-10; William J. Bryan and Adlai E. Stevenson.
People's Party (Middle-of-the-Road): Cincinnati. O., May 9-10; Wharton Barker and Ignatius Donnelly.
Silver Republican: Kansas City, Mo., July 4-6: William J. Bryan rmil Adlai E. Stevenson.
Prohibition: Chicago. 111., June 27-28; John G. Woolley and Heniy B. Metcalf.
Socialist-Labor: New York, N. Y., June 2-8; Joseph 1*. Malloney and Valentine Remmel.
Social Democratic Party of the United States: Rochester. N. Y., Jan 27; Job Harriman and Max S. Hayes
Social Democratic Party of America: Indianapolis, Tnd., March 6; Eugene V. Debs and Job Harriman.
Union Reform: Baltimore. Md., Sept. 3; Seth W. Ellis and Samuel T. Nicholson. 1904—Democratic: St. Louis. Mo., July 6-9; Alton B. Parker and Henrv G. Davis.
Republican: Chicago. 111., June 21-23; Theodore Roosevelt and Charles W. Fairbanks.
People's party: Spiingfl"ld, 111.. July 4-6; Thomas E. Watson and Thomas H. Tibbies.
Prohibition: Indianapolis. Ind., June 29-July 1; ■Silas C. Swallow and George W. Carroll.
Socialist-Labor: New York. N. Y.. July 3-9; Charles H. Corregan and William W. Cox.
Socialist-Democratic Party of America: Chicago. 111., May 1-6; Eugene V. Debs and Benjamin Hanford.
Continental: Chicago. III., Aug. 31; Charles H. Howard and George H. Shlbley. (Nominees declined and Austin Holcomb and A. King were substituted by the national committee.)
TNXAND WATERWAYS COMMISSION.
Appointed by President Roosevelt March 16, 1907. Tiieodore E. Burton, chairman: Francis <>. Newlands, William Warner. John H. Bankhead. Alexander Mackenzie. J. W. McGee. F. H. Newell, Gifford Pinehot. Herbert Knox Smith.
Tn a letter addressed to the members of the commission President Roosevelt declares that the time has come for merging local projects and uses of the inland waters In a comprehensive plan designed for the benefit of the entire country. The railroads, he asserts, are no longer able to move tiie crops and manufactures rapidly enough to secure the prompt transaction of the business of the nation, and there appears to be but one complete remedy—the development of a complementary system of transportation by water. The president's letter continues:
"The present congestion affects chieflv the pe*»V, M ot*ha Mississippi valley, and thev demand re. Ilef. T\uen the congestion of which they complain
is relieved the whole nation will share the good results.
"Any plan for utilizing our inland waterways should consider floods and their control by forests and other means; the protection of bottomlands from injury by overflows and uplands from loss by soil wash: the physics of sediment-charged waters and the physical or other ways of purifying them; the construction of dams and locks, not only to facilitate navigation but to control the character and movement of the waters, and should look to the full use and control of our running waters and the complete artiliciallzatlon of our waterways for the benefit of our people as a whole.
"It is not possible properly to frame so large a plan as this for the control of our rivers without taking account of the orderly development of other natural resources. Therefore, I ask that the Inlandwaterways commission shall consider the relations of the streams to the use of nil the great permanent natural resources and their conservation for the making and maintenance of prosperous homes."
NATIONAL PLATFORMS OF 1904.
Following are summaries of the principal fea hires of the national party platforms adopted in 1904. The full texts will be found in The Daily News Almanac and Year-Book fur 1905, beginning on page 126.
Republican.—The platform advocates the principle of protection and reciprocity, the maintenance of the gold standard, the encouragement of the merchant marine, the upbuilding of the navy, the exclusion of Chinese labor, honest enforcement of the civil-service law, liberal administration of the pension laws, arbitration, the protection of American citizens abroad, the reduction of representation In congress and the electoral college of states in which the elective franchise is unconstitutionally limited, and the control of combinations of capital and labor. The declaration in regard to protection is: "We insist upon the maintenance if the principles of protection and therefore rates if duty should be readjusted only when conditions lava so changed that the public interest demands ;lieir alteration. But this work cannot fie safely ■ommftted to any other hands thuu those of the (■publican party.**
Democratic—The enactment of laws giving laior and capital impartially their just rights, trial »y jury for Indirect contempt, liberal approprittlons for the improvement of waterways, redueions in the expenditures of the government, hon■sty In the public service and the preservation of he "open door" for commerce in the orient are avored. The platform declares against imperialsm and the retention of the Philippines, denounces ■ m tec t ion as a robbery of the many for the eniehment of the few, and favors the revision and eneral reduction of the tariff by the friends of he masses and for the common weal and not by he friends of its abuses. Trusts and combinations re denounced as a menace to beneficial competlion and rebates and discriminations by transporition companies nre declared to be the most po;nt agency in promoting and strengthening unlawul conspiracies against trade. Demands of the latform include: Election of United States sentors by a direct vote of the people; tiie admlslon to statehood of Oklahoma, Indian Territory, rizona and New Mexico; the extermination of ulygamy; the defeat of .the ship-subsidy bill; the iahiteiian.ee of the Monroe doctrine; the reduction '. the army and army expenditures; the enforce ent of the civil-service laws, and the defeat of ie attempt to revive race prejudices.
Socialist.—The platform pledges the party to work and vote for shortened days of labor and increased wages; for the insurance of workers against sickness, accident and lack of employment; for pensions for aged and exhausted workers; for public ownership of the means of transportation, communication and exchange; for the graduated taxation ot incomes. Inheritances and of franchise and land values; for equal suffrage of men and women; for the prevention or the use of military against labor in the settlement of strikes; for the free administration of justice; for the initiative, referendum and proportional representation, and for the recall of officers by their constituents. These things. It is declared, are but a preparation of the workers to seize the whole powers of government in order that they may thereby lay hold of the whole system of industry and thus come into their rightful Inheritance.
Prohibitionist.—The pint form pledges the party, whenever given the power by the suffrage of the people, to the enactment and enforcement of laws prohibiting and abolishing the manufacture, iuiportation, transportation and sale of alcoholic beverages and favors a rigid application of the principles of Justice to all combinations of capital and labor, international arbitration, reform of divorce laws, the final extirpation of polygamy and the overthrow of the system of illegal sanction of the social evil.
PoruLisT.—It is demanded that all money shall be issued by the government In such quantities as shall maintain a stability in prices, every dollar to be a full legal tember: that postal banks be established; that the right of lnlvor to organize shall not be Interfered with; that laws be passed to abolish child labor and suppress convict labor and sweatshops, and that the government shall own the railroads and telegraph and telephone systems. The eight-hour day Is favored and legal provision under which the people may exercise the initiative, referendum and proportional representation and direct vote for all public officers with right to recall are urged.
Socialist-labor.—The platform urges that a summary end be put to the existing class conflict by placing the land and all the means of production, transportation and distribution into the hands of the people as a collective body and substituting the co-operative commonwealth for the present planless production, industrial war and social disorder.
PLATFORM UTTERANCES IN 1907.
But few state conventions were held in 1007, id some of the platforms adopted at these conled themselves chiefly to local issues. Massausetts republicans reaffirmed their belief in the inciples of protection to American industries d American labor, but they also commended for option by the next national republican convenm a resolution calling the congress to meet in eclnl session to determine upon amendments to e present tariff law or the enactment of a new •asure to meet changed conditions, to remove dus needless either for revenues or protection and ike such modifications as experience may have :>wn to be necessary. The re-establishment of 1 American merchant marine was also urged, "he Whitney faction democratic convention in ssachusetts advocated reciprocity and connned the Dingley tariff.
Nebraska democrats adopted a platform approving the laws prohibiting passes and rebates; opposing the centralization idea, and urging the revision of the tariff immediately and the imposition of an income tax. On the trust question it said: "A private monopoly is indefensible and intolerable. We therefore favor the vigorous enforcement of *iie criminal laws against trusts and trust magnates, and demand the enactment of such addition;.] legislation as may be necessary to make It impossible for a private monopoly to exist in the united Slates."
The Nebraska republican platform favored the enactment of a federal law and If necessary an amendment to the federal constitution which will forbid the federal courts from issuing writs of injunction against state officers charged by law with the enforcement of state statutes.
same Is done in the case of 'the vice-president except that one of the two candidates having the largest number of electoral votes Is chosen.
The total number of electoral votes In 1008 being 483, ihe winning candidate must have 242.
In the republican state conventions held in 11)07 the policies of President Roosevelt were indorsed and similar action was taken by a number of legislatures controlled oy republicans. Democratic conventions generally indorsed the policies of Wil
liam J. Bryan, and it was generally assumed that he would be the candidate of the democratic party in 1008 for president. Republican leaders urged for the presidency either by state conventions or political organizations Included William II. Taft. Charles W. Fairbanks, Charles E. Hughes, Kllliu Root. Joseph G. Cannon. Albert B. Cummins, Philander C. Knox, George P. Wetmore and Robert M. LaFollette.
CHIEF POLITICAL EVENTS OF 1907.
Jan. 7—George B. Cortelyou announced his retirement as chairman of the republican national committee; Harry S. New acting chairman.
Jan. 15—United States senators elected as follows: Harry A. Richardson, rep., Delaware; W. M. Crane, rep.. Massachusetts; W. 1*. Fryo, rep., Maine; Joseph M. Dixon, rep., Montana; Norris Brow n, rep., Nebraska; Simon Guggenheim, rep., Colorado; William E. Borah, rep., Idaho.
Jan. ltJ—United States senators elected: Henry E. Kurnham, rep., New Hampshire; William A. Smith, rep., Michigan.
Jan. 22—United States senators elected: Robert L. Taylor, dem., Tennessee; Frederick W. Mulkle.v, rep., and Jonathan Bourne. Jr., rep., Oregon; Benjamin R. Tillman, dem.. South Carolina; Jonathan P. Dolliver, rep., Iowa; Edmund W. Pettus, dem., atid John T. Morgan, dem.. Alabama.
Jan. 23—United States senators elected: Stephen B. Elkins, rep.. West Virginia; Joseph W. Bailey, dem., Texas; Shelby M. Cullom, rep.. Illinois; Robert J. Gamble, rep., South Dakota; Knute Nelson, rep., Minnesota; F. M. Simmons, dem.,' North Carolina; Francis E. Warren, rep., Wyoming; Charles Curtis, rep.. Kansas.
Jan. 30—Jeff Davis, dem., elected United States senator in Arkansas.
Feb. 5—Frank O. Briggs, rep., elected United States senator in New Jersey.
Feb. 3—United States Senator John C. Spooner resigned.
March 5— Regis H. Post appointed governor of Porto Rico.
April 1—Minor state officials elected In Michigan; republicans successful.
April 2—Fred A. Busse elected mayor of Chicago.
April 2—D. E. Cornell, rep., elected mayor of Kansas City. Mo.
April 0—Minnesota house of representatives passed resolution recommending nomination of President Roosevelt to succeed himself.
April 10—President Roosevelt's admihistration indorsed by Connecticut house of representatives.
April 13—Call for national convention of the United Christian party issued.
April 18—George Curry, dem., appointed governor of New Mexico.
April 23—Rhode Teland legislature adjourned without electing a successor to United States Senator Wetmorc.
May 7—Barry Mahool, dem., elected mayor of Baltimore.
May 8—Chairman Brown of Ohio republican state central committee declared for William H. Taft for president and W. B. Foruker fur senator.
May 17—Isaac Stephenson, rep., elected United States senator in Wisconsin.
May 27—Michigan state senate passed resolution asking that President Roosevelt be elected for a second elective term.
June 5—Persons l.i classified civil service prohibited by President Roosevelt from taking an active part In politics.
June 6—Pennsylvania republican state convention held; John O. Shcatz nominated for tr'asurer and Philandtr C. Knox Indorsed for president.
June 17—John II. Bankhead. dem., appointed United States senator by governor of Alabama to succeed John T. Morgan, deceased. (Formally elected by legislature July 16.)
June 10—Democratic convention held in Oklahoma; Charles N. Haskell nominated for governor.
June 10— Republican state convention held in Kentucky; A. E. Wilson nominated for governor.
June 26—Walter F. Frear, rep., appointed governor for Hawaii,
June 27—Pennsylvania state democratic convention held; John G. Harmon nominated for treasurer.
July 0—A. O. Bacon elected United States senator by Georgia legislature,
July 12— Announcement made of Robert M. LaFollette's candidacy for president of the United States.
July 16—Dr. Edward R. Taylor elected mayor of San Francisco by board of supervisors.
July 30—Prohibition bill passed by Georgia legislature.
July 30—Members of first Philippine assembly elected; nationalists win.
Aug. 1—Oklahoma republican convention held; Frank Frautz nominated for governor.
Aug. 2—Mississippi primary elections held; John Sharp Williams nominated for United States senator and Edmund F. Noel for governor.
Aug. 8—Maryland state democratic convention In Id; Austin (0. Crothers nominated for governor.
Aug. 8—California primary election law sustained by stato Supreme court.
Aug. 14—Maryland republican state convention held; George R. Gaither nominated for governor.
Aug. 19—Speech made b-y William H. Taft at Columbus, <>., on relations of the government to railroads ami industrial corporations,
Aug. 20—Policy of the government toward lawbreakers defined by President Roosevelt In speech at Provincetown. Mass.
Aug. 22—Race question dealt with in speech by Secretary Taft at Lexington, Ky.
Aug. 24—Secretary Taft in speech in Oklahoma attacked the proposed state constitution.
Sept. 17—Election held in Oklahoma: democratic state ticket elected, constitution indorsed and state-wide prohibition adopted.
Sept. 17—Special charter election held in Chicago; charter defeated.
Sept. 17—New Jersey democratic state convention held; Frank S. Katzeubach nominated for governor.
Sept. 19—New Jersey republican state convention held; J. Franklin Fort nominated for governor.
Sept. 24—State platform conventions he'd by republicans, democrats and populists in Nebraska.
Sepr. 27—William R. Hearst and friends decided to form national party out of Independence league.
Oct. 5—Republican and democratic state conventions held in Massachusetts. Curtis Guild. Jr., renominated for governor by republicans; demo cratic convention split, one faction nominating Henry M. Whitney and the other Charles W. Bartlett for governor.
Oct. 8—Rhode Island democratic state convention held; James H. Hlggins nominated for governor.
-Oct. 10—Rhode Island republican convention held; Frederick II. Jackson nominated for governor.
Nov. 5—State elections held in Rhode Island, Maryland. Massachusetts. New Jersey. Pennsylvania, Kentucky and Mississippi. (For result3 see election returns.)