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State, who is appointed by the President; a chief clerk a claims clerk, a translator, and numerous subordinate clerks. There is also established within this department a diplomatic bureau, a consular bureau, and a domestic bureau.

$ 467. The following is a list of the Secretaries of State, from the organization of the government to the present time :

THOMAS JEFFERSON, of Virginia. Appointed 26th September, 1789. Resigned.

EDMUND RANDOLPH, of Virginia. Appointed 20 January, 1794. Resigned.

TIMOTHY PICKERING, of Pennsylvania. Appointed 10th December, 1795. Removed.

John MARSHALL, of Virginia. Appointed 13th May, 1800. Appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court 31st January, 1801.

JAMES MADISON, of Virginia. Appointed 5th March, 1801. Became President 4th March, 1809.

ROBERT Smith, of Maryland. Appointed 6th March, 1809. Resigned.

James Monroe, of Virginia. Appointed 2d April, 1811, in recess of Senate. Nomination confirmed and appointed 25th November, 1811. Appointed Secretary of War 27th September, 1814.

JAMES MONROE, of Virginia. Appointed 28th February, 1815. Became President of the United States 4th March, 1817.

John Quincy Adams, of Massachusetts. Appointed 5th March, 1817. Became President of the United States 4th March, 1825.

HENRY CLAY, of Kentucky. Appointed 7th March, 1825. Resigned.

Martin Van Buren, of New York. Appointed 6th March, 1829. Resigned.

EDWARD LIVINGSTON, of Louisiana. Appointed 24th May, 1831, in recess of Senate. Nomination confirmed and appointed 12th January, 1832.

Louis McLane, of Delaware. Appointed 29th May, 1833, in recess of Senate. Resigned.

John FORSYTH, of Georgia. Appointed 27th June, 1834.

DANIEL WEBSTER, of Massachusetts. Appointed 5th March, 1841. Resigned.

Abel P. Ceshur, of Virginia. Appointed 24th July, 1843, in recess of the Senate. Norination confirmed and appointed 20 January, 1844.

John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina. Appointed 6th March, 1844, JAMES BUCHANAN, of Pennsylvania. Appointed 5th March, 1845.

John M. CLAYTON, of Delaware. Appointed 7th March, 1849. Resigned.

DANIEL WEBSTER, of Massachusetts. Appointed 20th July, 1850.

EDWARD EVERETT, of Massachusetts. Appointed 9th December, 1852.

WILLIAM L. MARCY, of New York. Appointed March 7, 1853.

$ 468. The Secretary of War performs such duties as are intrusted to him by the President relative to military commissions, or to the land forces or warlike stores of the United States, and to other military affairs of the United States. The Secretary of War does not compose a part of the army of the United States, and is not required to perform military service in the field. His duties are such as may be performed at the seat of government and in the war office. To his department belong the direction and government of the army; the purchase and preservation of the arms and munitions of war; and the erection of all fortifications. His salary is $8000 a year.

$ 469. The Secretary of War is assisted by a chief clerk and by other clerks. Connected with this department there is a quartermaster's department, the chief officer of which is termed the quartermaster-general; an engineer department, the principal officer of which is termed the chief engineer; a bureau of topographical engineers, the chief officer of which is termed the colonel of topographical engineers; an ordnance department, the chief officer of which is termed the colonel of ordnance; a subsistence department, the chi uf officer of which is termed the commissary-general; a pay department, the chief officer of which is termed the paymaster-general; and a medical department, the chief officer of which is termed the surgeongeneral.

$ 470. The supervision of the national armories at Springfield and at Harper's Ferry, where arins are manufactured, and of the arsenals and depots, where arms are deposited, also belongs to the Secretary of War. Prior to the creation of the Department of the Interior, to which those matters were then transferred, the Department of War had jurisdiction of Indian affairs, and the granting of pensions and land for military services.

In addition to the arms manufactured at the national armories above mentioned, the government procures arms from individuals, according to contracts made with the War Department.

$ 471. The United States and territories are divided geographically into five military divisions, as follows:

(1.) Department of the East. Head-quarters at Baltimore.

(2.) Department of the West. The country west of the Mississippi river, and east of the Rocky Mountains, except the departments of Texas and New Mexico. Head-quarters at St. Louis.

(3.) Department of Texas. The State of Texas, except the country north of the thirty-third degree of north latitude. Head-quarters at Corpus Christi, Texas.

(4.) Department of New Mexico. The territory of New Mexico, except the country west of the one hundred aud tenth degree of west longitude. Head-quarters at Albuquerque.

(5.) Department of the Pacific. The country west of the Rocky Mountains, except the territory of Utah and the department of New Mexico. Head-quarters at San Francisco.

The head-quarters of the army are in the city of Nev York.

In each of these different departments forts and military posts are established, where troops are stationed.

SECRETARIES OF WAR.

HENRY Knox, of Massachusetts. Appointed 12th September, 1789. Resigned.

Timothy PICKERING, of Pennsylvania. Appointed 20 January, 1795. Appointed Secretary of State 10th December, 1795.

John McHenry, of Maryland. Appointed 27th January, 1796. Resigned.

SAMUEL DEXTER, of Massachusetts. Appointed 13th May, 1800. Appointed Secretary of the Treasury 31st December, 1800.

ROGER GRISWOLD, of Connecticut. Appointed 3d February, 1801. HENRY DEARBORN, of Massachusetts. Appointed 5th March, 1801.

WILLIAM EUSTIS, of Massachusetts. Appointed 7th March, 1809. Resigned.

John ARMSTRONG, of New York. Appointed 13th January, 1813. Resigned.

JAMES MONROE, of Virginia. (Secretary of State.) Appointed 27th September, 1814. Appointed Secretary of State 28th February, 1815.

WILLIAM H. CRAWFORD, of Georgia. Appointed 3d March, 1815. Appointed Secretary of the Treasury 220 October, 1816.

GEORGE GRAHAM, of Virginia. Appointed 7th April, 1817, in recess of the Senate.

John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina. Appointed 8th October, 1817, in recess of the Senate. Nomination confirmed and appointed 15th December, 1817.

JAMES BARBOUR, of Virginia. Appointed 7th March, 1825.
PETER B. PORTER, of New York. Appointed 26th May, 1828.

John H. Eaton, of Tennessee. Appointed 9th March, 1829. Resigned.

Lewis Cass, of Ohio. Appointed 1st August, 1831, in recess of the · Scnate. Nomination confirmed and appointed 30th December, 1831.

BENJAMIN F. BUTLER, of New York. Appointed 3d March, 1837. Joel R. Poinsett, of South Carolina. Appointed 7th March, 1837.

JOHN BELL, of Tennessee. Appointed 5th March, 1841. Resigned.

John C. SPENCER, of New York. Appointed 12th October, 1841, in the recess of the Senate. Nomination confirmed and appointed 20th December, 1841.

James M. PORTER, of Pennsylvania. Appointed 8th March, 1843, in recess of the Senate.

WILLIAM WILKINS, of Pennsylvania. Appointed 15th February, 1844.

WILLIAM L. MARCY, of New York. Appointed 5th March, 1845.

GEORGE W. CRAWFORD, of Georgia. Appointed 7th of March, 1819. Resigned.

CHARLES M. CONRAD, of Louisiana. Appointed 15th August, 1850 JEFFERSON Davis, of Mississippi. Appointed March 7, 1853.

$ 472. The Department of Treasury was organized in 1789. The duty of the Secretary of the Treasury is to prepare plans for the improvement and management of the revenue, and for the support of public credit; to make and report estimates of the public revenue and the public expenditures; to superintend the collection of the revenue of the United States; to grant warrants for money to be issued from the Treasury, and generally to perform all such services relative to the finances of the government as he shall be directed to perform. His salary is $8000 a year. All accounts of the government are finally settled at the Treasury Department.

$ 473. In pursuance of an act of May 10, 1800, the Secretary of the Treasury prepares and lays before. Congress, at the commencement of every session, a report on the subject of finance, containing estimates of the public revenue and public expenditures, and plans for increasing the revenues, for the purpose of giving information to Congress in adopting modes of raising money to meet the public expenditures.

$ 474. The Secretary of the Treasury employs an assistant secretary, a chief clerk, and a large number of other clerks. In this department there are various bu

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