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nothing further to boast of. How was it? The history we have given in some degree explains it; but the principal reason, after all, is found in the higher faith. Look at the watchwords of the two armies as they rushed on to conflict: “Truth and Peace!” “God is with us!” “The Lord of Hosts !” such mottoes contrast favourably with "The King and
“ Queen Mary!" "Hey! for Cavaliers !” or even that of “The Covenant !” These men charged in battle as if beneath the eye of God; to them it was no play, but business; they knew that they rushed on, many of them, to their death, but they heeded not, for their spirit's eye caught visions of waiting chariots of fire, and horses of fire, hovering round the field ; and they advanced to the conflict, mingling with the roar of musketry and the clash of steel the sound of psalms and spiritual songs.
How little have these men been known. The novelist has delighted in decorating the tombs of their antagonists, but has cared little for them. Romance has spread its canvas, and Poetry her colours, to celebrate the deeds of Rupert and his merry men. Has it been ignorance? or that disposition of the human spirit which refuses to see the lofty piety and determined heroism of a religious soul? Looked at from that point of view from which most men would regard them, the Puritans, and the soldiers who fought the battles for them, must seem to be fanatics ; for they believed steadily in another world, and lived and fought perpetually as beneath its influence. Of course every one individually was not such an one; but we judge of things by wholes" by their fruit ye shall know them." What was their general character ? It is not wonderful that we detect in them some exaggeration-a lofty spiritual pride, inflation of speech, hardness, insensibility to human passion. The school in which they were trained was a very severe one; their rules were binding by a most impressive authority. Let the man who would judge them, look at them not from the delineations of Sir Walter Scott, or James, but from the period in which they lived, from the circumstances by which their characters were fashioned and made, and to the men to whom they looked as leaders; or let him take the chronicles of the time, and he will be at no loss to spell out the glory of their name, “ their enemies themselves being judges." We have already said romance has had it all its own way in depicting the Royalist and the Cavalier; to them have been given all the glow of the novelist, all the charm of the poet. We are just now beginning to do justice to the usages and manners of Puritan households, with which sweetness and romance, domestic tenderness and grace have been supposed to be incompatible; yet Puritan womanhood is one of the fairest of types, and far lovelier to the true artist's eye than any of the luscious lips and dainty love-locks which shed their meretricious charms over the canvases of Sir Peter Lely. We like to imagine those old country houses, the manors and mansions, up and down
whose staircases of polished oak, Puritan wives and maidens were handed by wealthy husbands and ambitious lovers. It is singular to realize the regular family worship there; the presence of superstitious belief when men and women believed themselves to be nearer to a universe of invisible and mysterious influences than they do now; and stories and traditions of witchcraft and apparitions haunted the houses. The houses of those times were certainly romantic, and tenanted by a noteworthy race, even though, stepping from the household into the church, our sentiments are somewhat shocked by the undecorated service the Puritans loved to follow; and its chancels and aisles presenting the staid and unornamented appearance of those we know in Geneva, or Zurich, or Berne, only that no choir or organ was permitted to aid the song.