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his rivals. And Great Britain stands, present wants, is to be diverted to supat this moment, with the lowest average port the precious interests so tenderly Protective Tariff in the civilized fostered, and made to prosper at so world.

enormous a cost. Again prices fall Thus, no sooner does England begin away, and commerce languishes, and to find that the course that she has vessels pull up by the wharves to rot, been pursuing is not worth pursuing and revenues decrease, and the National any longer, than America takes up that Treasury grows more and more imcourse, goes back five centuries, and poverished. In a word, the Tariff of sits down, with the docility of a little 1842 has equalled, in the wisdom of child, to take lessons in Political Eco- its time and the beneficence of its renomy from the varied wisdom and sults, the Tariff of 1816. The country practical skill of the Third Henry and is once more embarrassing itself out of his learned barons. Twenty-seven embarrassment. Once more it is in years already those lessons have been the transition from a bad state, through conned. But even under a tutor so one far worse into another not much skilful as Mr. Clay, the proficiency has better; curing its weakness by further been far from uniformly flattering. depletion, and regaining its lost True, from 1816 to 1828, a period of strength by piling new burdens on. twelve years, the progress of Protec. Indeed, of all theorizers the wildest, of tion was quite surprising. But the Bill all visionaries the most fanatic, are of Abominations proved too much for they who, to be taught by no experihuman endurance. The issue was ence, to be convinced by no reason, tendered, whether that or the Union blind and deaf to all that is now passshould be abandoned. The people ing in the civilized world, still cling to wisely chose gradually to sacrifice the protection of manufactures as a means former.

of prosperity to a State. For it inMeanwhile, however, a fearful par- volves a folly like that of attempting oxysm of acquisitiveness befell not ihis to confer swiftness by fetters on the country only, but Europe and every limbs, or keenness of sight by bandages civilized nation. The whole world on the eyes. But the period of its long had a devil. Fortunes were made duration is fast approaching. And it and they vanished too—with a rapidity will altogether cease whenever it is which nothing but a devil could have universally realized that nations are had a hand in. The great revulsion of but aggregations of individuals; that 1837, and succeeding years, brought whenever these individuals are virtu. the United States to a prostration like ous, thrifty, contented, and happy, the that which followed the late war, pro- nation itself cannot fail to be prosperbably greater. The indebtedness was ous; and that it is only where governmore enormous—the ruin more wide- ment enforces speedy and enlightened spread the bankruptcy more univer- justice, promptly punishes crime, absal. The good old vessel struck once jures all favoritism for particular classes more; and once more the Tariff Long- or pursuits, and allows its people the Boat is got out. Again, the delusion of broadest liberty to buy and sell whera Home Market is practised; again, ever and whatever they choose, under the country can find no salvation but in the guidance of their own enterprising the protection of manufactures-manu- intelligence and industry, and to pursue factures being the country. Once that line of honest conduct which each more production must stop till the sur- for himself may deem wisest, that this plus on hand can be consumed; once blessed lot may be attained. more the money, too scanty even for

318 Political Portraits.No. XXXVIII.-Levi Woodbury. (March,

POLITICAL PORTRAITS WITH PEN AND PENCIL.

NO. XXXVIII.

LEVI WOODBURY,

OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.

(With a fine Engraving on Steel.)

It has long weighed grievously on our The result surpassed the utmost ex. editorial conscience, that the libellous pectations of his friends. In the disengraving of the distinguished New charge of the arduous and responsible Hampshire Senator, which by a strange duties of this station, he evinced the perversion of language was styled an most estimable qualifications of a judge embellishment to our Number for July, diligence, patience, firmness, and 1838, has hitherto been left unatoned good temper. His familiarity with for. We hereby gladly relieve our- legal principles and reach of mind, selves of the load of this remorse, and combined with his suavity of manners Mr. Woodbury from the imputation of and moral courage, enabled him to resemblance to the rough outline cari. conduct jury trials with great satisfac. cature referred to an imputation cal- tion to the public, while his judicial culated seriously to prejudice his fair opinions showed great research and repute in the eyes of a discerning pub- accurate discrimination. Ample testilic-by giving to our readers the ac- mony to the qualifications of Mr. companying more satisfactory likeness, Woodbury for the performance of the in a more satisfactory style of art, duties of his office, may be found in taken from a recent miniature. We the two first volumes of the Massashall not again retrace the narrative of chusetts Reports. Mr. Woodbury's life, which was given In 1819 he removed to Portsmouth, in considerable detail, on the former the commercial capital of New Hampoccasion, down to its date. Its lead- shire, where he has since continued to ing points were, that he was born at reside, with the exception of the period Francestown, an agricultural settle- during which his official duties as a ment in the interior of New Hamp- member of the cabinets of General shire, about the commencement of Jackson and Mr. Van Buren necessarily 1790 ; that he graduated with high stationed hiin at Washington. Rereputation at Dartmouth College in taiping always his house at Ports1809, and was admitted to the bar in mouth, Mr. Woodbury gladly returned 1812. He practised his profession to it as soon as he was permitted by with distinguished success, and rapidly the termination of those duties. rose to a high rank in it. When the He was elected Governor in 1822. Democratic Party acquired the ascen- In 1825, he was chosen by the town of dency in the State in 1816, he was Portsmouth a representative in the invited to the seat of Government, on Legislature of the State, and though the meeting of the Legislature, to dis. he had never before been a member of charge the duties of Secretary of the any legislative assembly, he was electSenate; and at the commencement of ed Speaker of the House. Among the the next year, he was appointed Judge last acts of the session was the choice of the Superior Court—though only, of Mr. Woodbury to fill a vacancy of course, twenty-seven years of age. which had occurred in the Senate of

Ascending the bench of the highest the United States. judicial tribunal of the State, at an His career in the Senate was one of age more youthful than had before oc- high honor to himself and usefulness curred in its history, the appointment to the country. His talents, informaexcited much remark where Mr. tion, and habils of unwearied appliWoodbury was personally unknown. cation, gave him much influence upon

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