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“ The labor necessary to acquire wealth home among the people, in preparation or subsistence is, compared with our for that attitude and that action in reown country, in the proportion of one lation to it, which can no longer be to three; or, in other words, a man delayed, and which are called for must work through the year three equally by our national interest and times as much in ihe United States to honor. With a view to the promotion gain the like competency;"'
of this object we have devoted to it the The subject is only adjourned for a preceding pages,-greatly regretling year by the failure of the Senate bill to the necessities of space which have pass the House of Representatives. compelled us to curtail and simplify It will undoubtedly again be brought our statement and discussion of the forward as a prominent feature of the subject, within limits entirely incomlegislation of the next session. It is mensurate with both its importance right and proper that it should in the and extent. mean time be thoroughly canvassed at
THE LAW OF BLOOD.
In pagan lands, where Superstition's rod
Scourges her worshippers; where temples dark
Are reared, with rites accursed, her sway to mark ;
Lift up his reeking hands that Heaven may bless
And seals the record of his wickedness;
Truth has not poured her bright and piercing ray,
His people's manacles, and drive away
But when we turn from Pagan gloom and night
Where the true worship hath its temples high,
Pointing ten thousand spires unto the sky,
How do our grieved and heart-sick spirits sigh,
Though placed in loveliness before his eye;
And Priests stand by, to bless the horrid crime,
That swells his brother's veins! Oh! may the time
R. H. Bacon. Port Chester, N. Y., February, 1843.
THE PROCESSION OF LIFE.
BY NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE.
LIFE figures itself to me as a festal or itself, without the aid of any actual funereal procession. All of us have our reformation in the order of march. places, and are to move onward under For instance, assuming to myself the ihe direction of a Chies-Marshal. The power of marshalling ihe aforesaid grand difficulty results from the inva- procession, I direct a trumpeter to send riably mistaken principles on which forth a blast loud enough to be heard the deputy.marshals seek to arrange from hence to China ; and a herald, this immense concourse of people, so with world-pervading voice, to make much more numerous than those that proclamation for a certain class of trail their interminable length through mortals 10 take their places. What streets and highways in times of poli- shall be their principle of union ? After tical excitement. Their scheme is all, an external one, in comparison ancient, far beyond the memory of with many that might be found, yet man, or even the record of history, and far more real than those which ihe has hitherto been very little modified world has selected for a similar purby the ionate sense of something wrong, pose. Let all who are afflicted with and the dim perception of better me- like physical diseases form themselves thods, that have disquieted all the into ranks! ages through which the procession has Our first attempt at classification is continued its march. Its members not very successful. It may gratify are classified by the merest external the pride of aristocracy to reflect, that circumstances, and thus are more cer- Disease, more than any other common tain to be thrown out of their true po- circumstance of human life, pays due sitions, than if no principle of arrange- observance to the distinctions wbich ment were attempted. In one part of rank and wealth, and poverty and lowthe procession we see men of landed liness, have established among manestate or moneyed capital, gravely keep- kind.' Some maladies are rich and preing each other company, for the pre- cious, and only to be acquired by the posterous reason that they chance to right of inheritance, or purchased with have a similar standing in the tax-ga- much gold. Of this kind is the gout, therer's book. Trades and professions which serves as a bond of brotherhood march together with scarcely a more to the purple-visaged gentry, who obey real bond of union. In this manner, it the herald's voice, and painfully hobble cannot be denied, people are disen- from all civilized regions of the globe tangled from the mass, and separated to take their post in the grand proces. into various classes according to cer- sion. In mercy to their toes let us tain apparent relations; all have some hope that the march may not be long! artificial badge, which the world, and The Dyspeptics, too, are people of themselves among the first, learn to good standing in the world. For them consider as a genuine characteristic. The earliest salmon is caught in our Fixing our attention on such outside eastern rivers, and the shy woodcock shows of similarity or difference, we stains the dry leaves with his blood, lose sight of those realities by which in his remotest haunts; and the turtle nature, fortune, fate, or Providence, comes from the far Pacific islands to has constituted for every man a hro: be gobbled up in soup. They can af. therhood, wherein it is one great office ford to flavor all their dishes with of human wisdom to classify him. indolence, which, in spite of the genWhen the mind has once accustomed eral opinion, is a sauce more exqui. itself to a proper arrangement of the sitely, piquant than appetite won by Procession of Life, or a true classifica. exercise. Apoplexy is another highly tion of society, even though merely respectable disease. We will rank to speculative, there is thenceforth a satis- gether all who have the symptom of faction which pretty well suffices for dizziness in the brain, and, as fast as
any drop by the way, supply their of a fever-flush ; and let the noble and places with new members of the wealthy boast their own physical inboard of aldermen.
firmities, and display their symptoms On the other hand, here come whole as the badges of high station ! All tribes of people, whose physical lives things considered, these are as proper are but a deteriorated variety of life, subjects of human pride as any relaand themselves a meaner species of tions of rank that men can fix upon. mankind; so sad an effect has been Sound again, thou deep-breathed wrought by the tainted breath of cities, irumpeter! and herald, with thy voice scanty and unwholesome food, des- of might, shout forth another summons, tructive modes of labor, and the lack that shall reach the old baronial castles of those moral supports that might of Europe, and the rudest cabin of our partially have counteracted such bad western wilderness ! What class is influences. Behold here a train of next to take its place in the procession house-painters, all afflicted with a of mortal life? Let it be those whom peculiar sort of colic. Next in place the gists of intellect have united in a we will marshal those workmen in noble brotherhood ! cutlery, who have breathed a fatal Aye, this is a reality, before which disorder into their lungs, with the im- the conventional distinctions of society palpable dust of steel. Tailors and melt away, like a vapor when we would shoemakers, being sedentary men, will grasp it with the hand. Were Byron chiefly congregate into one part of the now alive, and Burns, the first would procession, and march under similar come from his ancestral Abbey, flinging banners of disease; but among them aside, although unwillingly, ihe inherwe may observe here and there a ited honors of a thousand years, to take sickly student, who has left his health the arm of the mighty peasant, who between the leaves of classic volumes; grew immortal while he stooped behind and clerks, likewise, who have caught his plough. These are gone; but the their deaths on high official stools; hall, the farmer's fireside, the hut, perand men of genius, too, who have haps the palace, the counting-room, ihe written sheet after sheet, with pens workshop, the village, the city, life's dipped in their hearts' blood. These high places and low ones, may all proare a wretched, quaking, short-breathed duce their poets, whom a common set. But what is this crowd of pale- temperament pervades like an electric cheeked, slender girls, who disturb the sympathy. Peer or ploughman, we ear with the multiplicity of their short, will muster them, pair by pair, and dry coughs? They are seamstresses, shoulder to shoulder. Even society in who have plied the daily and nightly its most artificial state, consents to this needle in the service of master-tailors arrangement. These factory girls from and close-fisted contractors, until now Lowell shall mate themselves with the it is almost time for each to hem the pride of drawing-rooms and literary borders of her own shroud. Consump- circles—the bluebells in fashion's nosetion points their place in the proces- gay, the Sapphos, and Montagues, and sion. With their sad sisterhood are Norions, of the age. Other modes of intermingled many youthful maidens, intellect bring together as strange comwho have sickened in aristocratic panies. Silk-gowned professor of lanmansions, and for whose aid science guages, give your arm to this sturdy has unavailingly searched its volumes, blacksmith, and deem yourself honored and whom breathless love has watch- by the conjunction, though you behold ed. In our ranks the rich maiden and him grimy from the anvil. All variethe poor seamstress may walk arm in ties of human speech are like his mother arm. We might find innumerable tongue to this rare man. Indiscrimiother instances, where the bond of mu- nately, let those take their places, of tual disease—not to speak of nation- whatever rank they come, who possess sweeping pestilences-embraces high the kingly gists to lead armies, or to and low, and makes the king a bro- sway a people, - Nature's generals, her ther of the clown. But it is not hard lawgivers, her kings,-and with them, to own that Disease is the natural also, the deep philosophers, who think aristocrat. Let him keep his state, the thought in one generation that is and have his established orders of rank, to revolutionize society in the next. and wear his royal mantle of the color With the hereditary legislator, in
whom eloquence is a far descended at. dream, and as substantial as the native taioment-a rich echo repeated by pow. rock. But the visionary shapes of a erful voices, from Cicero downward- long posterity, for whose home this we will watch some wondrous back- mansion was intended, have faded into woodsman, who has caught a wild nothingness, since the death of the power of language from the breeze founder's only son. The rich man gives among his native forest boughs. But a glance at his sable garb in one of the we may safely leave these brethren and splendid mirrors of his drawing-room, sisterhood to settle their own congenial- and, descending a flight of lofty steps, ities. Our ordinary distinctions become instinctively offers his arm to yonder so trifling, so impalpable, so ridiculously poverty-stricken widow, in the rusty visionary, in comparison with a classi- black bonnel, and with a check-apron fication founded on truth, that all talk over her patched gown. The sailorabout the matter is immediately a boy, who was her sole earthly stay, common-place.
was washed overboard in a laie temYet, the longer I reflect, the less am pest. This couple, from the palace and I satisfied with the idea of forming a ihe alms-housc, are but the types of separate class of mankind on the basis thousands more, who represent the of high intellectual power. At best, dark tragedy of life, and seldom quarrel it is but a higher development of innate for the upper parts. Grief is such a levgifts coinmon to all. Perhaps, more- eller, wiih its own dignity and its own over, he, whose genius appears deepest humility, that the noble and the peas. and truest, excels his fellows in nothing ant, ihe beggar and the monarch, will save the knack of expression; he waive their pretensions to external rank, throws out, occasionally, a lucky hintat without the officiousness of interference truths of which every human soul is on our part. If pride—the influence of profoundly, though unutierably con, the world's false distinctions-remain scious. Therefore, though we suffer in the heart, then sorrow lacks the the brotherhood of intellect to march earnesıness which makes it holy and onward together, it may be doubied reverend. It loses its reality, and be. whether their peculiar relation will not comes a miserable shadow. On this begin to vanish, as soon as the proces. ground, we have an opportunity to sion shall have passed beyond the circle assign over multitudes who would wil. of this present world. But we do not lingly claim places here,to other parts of classify for eternity.
the procession. If the mourner have And next, let the trumpet pour forth anything dearer than bis grief, he must a funeral wail, and the herald's voice seek his true position elsewhere. There give breath, in one vast cry, to all the are so many unsubstantial sorrows, groans and grievous utterances that are which the necessity of our morial state audible throughout the earth. We ap- begets on idleness, that an observer, peal now to the sacred bond of sorrow, casting aside sentiment, is sometimes and summon the great multitude who led to question whether there be any labor under similar afflictions, to take real woe, except absolute physical sultheir places in the march.
fering, and the loss of closest friends. How many a
that would have A crowd, who exhibit what they deem been insensible to any other call, has to be broken hearts-and among the responded to the doleful accents of that many love-lorn maids and bachelors, voice! It has gone far and wide, and and men of disappointed ambition in high and low, and left scarcely a mortal arts, literature, or politics, and the poor roof unvisited. Indeed, the principle is who were once rich, or who have sought only too universal for our purpose, and, to be rich in vain- the great majority unless we limit is, will quite break up of these may ask admittance into some our classification of mankind, and con- other fraternity. There is no roon vert the whole procession into a funeral here. Perhaps we may instituie a septrain. We will therefore be at some arate class, where such unfortunaies pains to discriminate. Here comes a will naturally fall into the procession. Ionely rich man; he has built a noble Meanwhile let them stand aside, and fabric for his dwelling-place, with a patiently await their time. front of stately architecture, and mar If our trumpeter can borrow a note ble floors, and doors of precious woods; from the doomsday trumpet-blast, let the whole structure is as beautiful as a him sound it now! The dread alarum
should make the earth quake to its wherein guilty error has buried all centre, for the herald is about to ad- alike. The foul fiend, to whom it dress mankind with a summons, to properly belongs, must relieve us of which even the purest mortal may be our loathsome task. Let the bondsensible of some faint responding echo servants of sin pass on. But neither in his breast. In many bosoms it will man nor woman, in whom good preawaken a still, small voice, more terri- dominates, will smile or sneer, nor bid ble than its own reverberating uproar. the Rogues' March be played, in deri
The hideous appeal has swept sion of their array. Feeling within around the globe. Come, all ye guiliy their breasts a shuddering sympathy, ones, and rank yourselves in accord- which at least gives token of the sin ance with the brotherhood of crime! that might have been, they will thank This, indeed, is an awful summons. I God for any place in the grand procesalmost tremble to look at the strange sion of human existence, save among partnerships that begin to be formed, re- those most wre:ched ones. Many, luctantly, but by the invincible neces. however, will be astonished at the sity of like to like, in this part of the fatal impulse that drags them thitherprocession. A forger from the state ward. 'Nothing is more remarkable prison seizes the arm of a distinguished than the various deceptions by which financier. How indignantly does the guilt conceals itself from the perpetralatrer plead his fair reputation upon tor's conscience, and oftenest, perhaps, 'Change, and insist that his operations, by the splendor of its garments. by their magnificence of scope, were Statesmen, rulers, generals, and all removed into guite another sphere of men who act over an extensive sphere, morality than those of his pitiful com are most liable to be deluded in this panion! But, let him cut the connec- way; they commit wrong, devastation, tion if he can. Here comes a murder and murder, on so grand a scale, that er, with his clanking chains, and pairs it impresses them as speculative rather himself-horrible io tell!--with as than actual; but, in our procession, we pure and upright a man, in all observ- find them linked in detestable conable respects, as ever partook of the junction with the meanest criminals, consecrated bread and wine. He is whose deeds have the vulgarity of one of those, perchance the most hope- petty details. Here, the effect of cirless of all sinners, who practise such cumstance and accident is done away, an exemplary system of outward du- and a man finds his rank according to ties, that even a deadly crime may be the spirit of his crime, in whatever hidden from their own sight and re. shape it may have been developed. membrance, under this unreal frost We have called the Evil; now let work. Yet he now finds his place. us call the Good. The trumpet's braWhy do that pair of flaunting girls, zen throat should pour heavenly music with the peri, affected laugh, and the over the earth, and the herald's voice sly leer ai the bystanders, intrude go forth with the sweetness of an anthemselves into the same rank with gel's accents, as if to summon each yonder decorous mairon, and that upright man to his reward. But, how somewhat prudish maiden ? Surely, is this? Do none answer to the call? these poor creatures, born to vice, as Not one: for the just, the pure, the their sole and natural inheritance, can true, and all who might most worthily be no fit associates for women who obey il, shrink sadly back, as most have been guarded round about by conscious of error and imperfection. all the proprieties of domestic life, Then let the summons be to those and who could not err, unless they whose pervading principle is Love. first created the opportunity! Oh, no; This classification will embrace all the it must be merely the impertinence of truly good, and none in whose souls those unblushing hussies; and we can there exists not something that may only wonder how such respectable expand itself into a heaven, both of ladies should have responded to a sum- well-doing and felicity. mons that was not meant for them. The first that presents himself is a
We shall make short work of this man of wealth, who has bequeathed miserable class, each member of which the bulk of his property to a hospital ; is entitled to grasp any other mem- bis ghost, meihinks, would have a ber's hand, by that vile degradation better right here than his living body.