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times borne away the palm of being humble and judicious gravity, as shows the irue author.

the speaker both at once considerate of Assuming this as the probable fact, God's majesty, the Church's honor, and we shall, after giving a general notion his own vileness; both knowing what of the work, transcribe certain passages things God allows him to ask, and in that struck us in the reading. Icon what manner it becomes a sinner to supBasilike was published a few days after plicate the Divine Mercy for himself and

others. I confess I am better pleased, the king's death, and was received

as with studied and premeditated sermons with “ general compassion, excited to

as with such public forms of prayer, as wards the king by the publishing, at so

are fitted to the churches and every Chriscritical a juncture, a work so full of tian's daily and common necessities. piety, meekness, and humanity.”. So Though the light of the understanding, writes a distinguished admirer of the and the fervency of affection, I hold the royal author. It is contained in twenty- main and most necessary requisites both eight sections--historical, political, per. in constant and occasional, solitary and sonal, and religious. It contains ma. social devotions." terials for party history and biographical criticism. It is the sketch of an The religion of the dissenters :historical painting, afterwards filled in and colored by a master.—(Clarendon.) A great part of whose piety hung It is elegantly written throughout, with upon that popular pin of railing against, occasional passages of classic eloquence and contemning the government of this and refined sentiment. It is devout; a

church. But I had rather be condemned confession of faith. It passed through

to the wo of soli, than to that of Væ fifty editions in a twelvemonth, owing vobis, hypocrita, by seeming to pray what

I do not approve.” 10 very apparent reasons.

It was thought, long afterwards, to have been the remote cause of the restoration of

Of Royalty and Episcopacy the house of Stuart Milton compares

“Indeed, I think both offices, regal and its effects upon the nation, as Hume

sacerdotal, might well become the same asserts, (we cannot turn to the passage person ; as ancient, they were under one itself,) to those which were wrought name, and the united rights of primogeniop thé tumultuous Romans by Antony's ture: nor could I follow better precereading to them the will of Cæsar;- dents, if I were able, than those two emithe allusion of a scholar, and the pre- nent kings, David and Solomon; not more scient sagacity of a statesman combined. famous for their seeptres and crowns, Let the following passages, if not alto- than one was for devout psalms and gether verifying these high encomiums, prayers; the other for his divine parables stand for what they deserve; at least, and preaching: whence the one merited as evidences of purity of style, and ele- and assumed the name of a prophet, the vation with refinement of thought. other of a preacher ;-titles, indeed, of These sentences have a point worihy greater honor, where rightly placed, than of Selden, in his Table Talk:

any of those the Roman Emperors affected from the nations they subdued; it being

infinitely more glorious to convert souls to “Some kind of zeal counts all merciful God's church by the word, than to conmoderation, lukewarmness; and had ra quer men to a subjection by the sword.” ther be cruel than counted cold, and is not seldom more greedy to kill the bear for his

From nearly twenty pages of Mediskin than for any harm he hath done.“I ever thought that the proud ostenta, non-addresses, and his Majesty's closer

tations upon Death, after the notes of tion of men's abilities for invention, and confinement in Carisbroke castle, we the vain affectations of variety for expressions, in public prayers or any sacred select a few sentences. We would like administrations, merits a greater brand of to transcribe the whole section, but it sin, than that which they call coldness is too long. It is full of dignity and and barrenness; nor are men in these nobleness, realizing the fine lines of matters less subject to formal and super- Marvell, quoted in a back number:ficial tempers (as to their hearts) than in the use of constant forms, when not the “As I have leisure enough, so I have words but men's hearts are to blame." cause more than enough to meditate upon,

“In devotions I love neither profane and prepare for my death; for I know boldness, nor pious nonsense; but such an there are but few steps between the prisons

and grares of princes. It is God's indul- artifice, so with less pity, it will be but a negence which gives me the space, but man's cessary policy to make my death appear cruelty that gives me the sad occasion for as an act of justice, done by subjects these thoughts. For, besides the common upon their sovereign; who knows that no burthen of mortality which lies upon me law of God or man invests them with any as a man, I now bear the heavy load of power of judicature without me, much other men's ambitious fears, jealousies, less against me: and who, being sworn and cruel passions, whose envy or enmity and bound by all that is sacred before against me makes their own lives seem God and man, to endeavor my preservadeadly to them, while I enjoy every part of tion, must pretend justice to cover their mine. I thank God my prosperity made perjury. At present, the will of my eneme not wholly a stranger to the contem- mies seems to be their only rule, their plation of mortality. Those are now un- power the measure, and their success the seasonable, since this is always uncertain : exactor of what they are pleased to call death being an eclipse, which oft happeneth justice; while they flatter themselves as well in clear as cloudy days. Indeed, I with the fancy of their own safety by my did never find so much the life of religion, danger, and the security of their lives and the feast of a good conscience, and the designs by my death; forgetting that as brazen wall of a judicious integrity and the greatest temptations to sin are wrapconstancy, as since I came to these closer con- ped up in sceming prosperities, so the flicts with the thoughts of death. They severest vengeances of God are then most have left me but little of life, and only accomplished, when men are suffered to the husk and shell, as it were, which their complete their wicked purposes.” further malice and cruelty can take from me. The assaults of affliction may be The larger half of the Eikon is well terrible, like Samson's lion, but they yield worthy of perusal, as a mere study of much sweetness to those that dare encoun- style; it has a higher value as a hister and overcome them; who know how torical record, and it is most of all to overlive the witherings of their own valuable for the personal character imgourds without discontent or pcevishness, pressed upon it." With Charles I. we while they may get converse with God, stop for the present; and in our next I confess it is not easy for me to contend paper, a corollary to this, as it were, with those many horrors of death, wherewith God suffers me to be tempted; rank and title, in general, with author

we shall aim to depict the union of which are equally horrid, either in the ship and literature. From Royal we or in those greater formalities whereby shall descend 10 Noble authors; and, my enemies (being more solemnly cruel) coming down at last to commoners of will, it may be, seek to add (as those did genius, finally reach the reign of pure who crucified Christ) the mockery of just- Democracy, the only atmosphere in ice to the cruelty of malice; that I may which the plant of genius may expand be destroyed, as with greater pomp and and grow.

INDIAN BIOGRAPHY.* The Egyptians embalmed their dead native chieftains have come in for a in myrrh and spices, but the blessed share of modern notice, and, we feel art of printing has given us a surer proud to add, of a notice which, so far and less revolting method of preserving as it reaches, is worthy of the subject. and transmitting to posterity, all that And should our contributions on this is truly valuable in the plaudits of vir- head, for the last few years, be equally tue, worth, and honor. Books thus well followed up for a few years to become a more permanent memorial come, even the desponding strains of than marble, and by their diffusion one of their own impersonated heroes scatter those lessons ainong all man can no longer be repeated with perfect kind, which the age of mounds and truth: hieroglyphics, stone and papyrus, had confined to the tablet of a shaft, or the

“ They sink, they pass, they fly, they go, dark recesses of a tomb or a pyramid.

Like a vapor at morning's dawn.

Or a flash of light, whose sudden glow It is never to be forgotten, that in the

Is seen, admired, and gone. development of this new phasis in the history of the human race, it was

“ They died; tut if a brave man bleeds,

And fills the dreamless grave, printing that first lit the lamp of truth, and has driven on the experiment, till

Shall none repeat his name, his deeds, the boundaries of letters have well

Nor tell that he was brave ?” nigh become co-extensive with the To no one in our literary annals is · world. If we do not widely err, there the public so much indebied for rescu

is no part of the globe, where books of ing from oblivion ihe traits and characall descriptions have become so cheap ter of the four celebrated chiefs whose and abundant as they are at this time names stand at the head of this article, in the United States, and, laying aside as to the able author of these biogra. all other considerations, we may fiod a phies, William L. Stone. Gifted with proof of the position stated in the fact, a keen perception of the questions of that our vernacular literature is no right and wrong, which turn upon the. longer confined to the production of planting of the colonies among barbaschool books, the annals of law and rians, who more than idled away their divinity, the age of muddy pamphlets, days upon a soil which they did not or the motley pages of the newspaper. cultivatę—with a deep sympathy in We have no design to follow up these their fate and fortunes, on the one suggestions by showing how far the hand, and the paramount claims of study of the natural sciences, the dis- letters and Christianity on the other, cussion of political economy, or the ad- he has set himself to the task of renvances of belles-lettres, have operated to dering justice to whom justice belongs, produce this result; far less to iden- with the ardor of a philanthropist, and iify those causes, in the progress of the research of a historian. "He apwestern arts and commerce, which pears to have planned a series of biohave concurred to bring down the price graphies which, if completed, will give of books, and scatter the blessings of an a connected view of the leading tribes untrammelled press, among all classes. who occupied New York, Connecticut, It is sufficient for our purpose to say Rhode Island, and Massachusetts, with that even the lives of our distinguished a range in the examination of contem

Life of Joseph Brant-Thayendanegea, including the Border Wars of the American Revolution, and Sketches of the Indian Campaigns of Generals Harmer, St. Clair, and Wayne, &c. By William L. Stone. New York : 1838. 2 vols. 8vo.

Life and Times of Red Jacket, &c., &c. By William L. Stone, &c., New York: 18.10. 1 vol. 8vo.

Uncas and Miantonimoh; a Historical Discourse delivered at Norwich, Conn., on the fourth day of July, 1842, on the occasion of the erection of a monument to the memory of Uncas, the white man's friend, and first chief of the Mohegans. By William L. Stone, author of the “ Life of Brant,” &c. New York, Dayton & Newman, 1842. 1 vol., 12mo.




porary men and collateral topics, which to disturb the judgments of a preceding embraces a wide circle. And he has age, on the character of individuals filled up the outlines of his plan, thus who have long passed off the stage of far, in a manner which leaves but action, whether those judgmenis be little to glean in the path which he favorable or unfavorable; and it is, in has trod. If the extension of this cir- fact, impossible to reverse them. It is cle, and the large amount of contempo- only necessary to glance backward a raneous matter brought in, has, in the short way, on the track of biography, minds of some, abstracted too large a to perceive that posterity never reshare of attention, and left the bio- vises the opinions once put on indivigraphies with less unity and compact- dual character, heroic or literary. It ness than they would otherwise have tries to forget all it can, and everyassumed, this is exclusively the fault of body it can, and never remembers a their plan, so far as it is acknowledged, long time any name which it is possiand not of the execution. And for ble to forget. It is willing, we should this course of extension there is a plea infer, to concede something to the to be found in the nature of the sub- great men among barbarian nations, ject, in the treatment of which, scanti- whose names have often burst upon ness of material was often sought to be civilized society with the fearful aisupplied by the introduction of collate. tractions of the meteor, or the comet, ral and sometimes extraneous matter. producing admiration in the beholders,

We propose briefly to notice the without stopping to inquire the true series of ihese biographies in their cause. Such were the Tamerlanes order of publication. In his first work and the Tippoo Saibs of the eastern on Brant, he has presented, in living world, of a prior age, as well as the colors, the great Mohawk of 1776, who Mehemet Alis and Abdel Kaders of rose up to crush that confederacy the present. And such were, also, with which Washington and his compeers reduced means of action, numbers of had pledged their lives to maintain. the American aboriginal chiefs, who, Brani was a man of power and capa. between the days of Manco Capac cities, mental and physical, beyond his and Micanopy have figured in the tribe; and was so situated, in the actual history of the western world. Most of contest, as to throw

greater weight these men owe their celebrity to the into the scale against us, than any mere fact of their having dazzled or other, or all of the hostile chiefs of the astounded, or like Brant himself, exRed Race put together. If he could cited the terror of those who opposed not, like Ariel, call up the “spirits of them. In the case of the laiter, a the vasty deep,” he could, at his bid. change of opinion in those particular ding, summon together the no less traits which affect his humanity, is malignant spirits of the woods, who less readily made, from the fact, yet fell upon our sleeping hamlets with generally remembered, that he had the fury of demons. And whether at received a Christian education; that he Johnson Hall or Niagara, at Cherry was, while a mere boy, received into Valley or Schoharie, on the waters of the best society, acquired the English the Oriskany or the Chemung, he was language, and had been instructed, first the ruling and informing spirit of the at a New England academy, and aftercontest. Such was ihe power he wards at one of its most practically wielded as commander of a most effect- efficient colleges. Posterity holds the ive body of light troops (for such are Mohawk chief responsible to have carall Indian warriors), who were support- ried the precepts thus obtained into ed by large and well-appointed armies, the forest, and to have diffused their that, like the electric flashes of the blessings among those who had perboding storm, he preceded the heavierhaps his bravery, without his talents outbreak by sounding aloud the wild or his knowledge. Those who fought notes of terror and dismay. It was in against him were ill qualified, we conthis manner that his name became a fess, to be his judges. He had not talisman on the frontiers, to conjure up only espoused the wrong cause, wrong deeds of evil, and in this way also, because it was adverse to the progress doubtless, it became loaded with re- of national freedom and those very proaches, some of which, as the author principles his people conteuded for; but has denoted, were due to other actors he battled for it with a master's hand, in the contest. It is difficult, however, and made the force of his energy felt,

as the author has more fully indicated one or the other got the mastery, he than was before known, from the banks was an angel of mercy, or a demon of of the Mohawk and the Niagara, 10 destruction. In this respect, his charthe Ohio, the Miami, and the Wabash. acter does not essentially vary from Yet, if there was error in the extent to that which has been found to mark the which he carried the precepts of civilisa- other leading red men who, from Phition and Christianity, it was meet it lip to Osceola, have appeared on the should be pointed out, although it will stage of action. Like them, his reaalso be admitted, the public have a soning faculties were far less developed right to look for the strongest of these than his physical perceptions. And 10 proofs of a kind and benevoleni feeling attempt to follow or find anything like towards his open enemies, out of the a fixed principle of humanity, basing range of his domestic circle. His fa- itself on the higher obligations that mily had carried the incipient princi- sway the human breast, would, we fear, ples of civilisation, which he gave become a search after that which had them, too high-they had exhibited to no existence in his mind; or if the germ the next age, a too prominent example was there, it was too feeble to become of cultivation and refinement in every predominant. We do not think it nesense-not to feel deeply the obloquy cessary, in commenting on his life, to cast upon his name, by the poetic spi- enter into any nice train of reasoning or rit of the times; and not to wish that motives to account for this characterisone who had, in verity, so many high tic, or to reconcile cruelties of the most and noble qualities, both in the council shocking kind, when contrasted with and the field, should also be without traits of mildness and urbanity. They a spot on his humanity. We deem were different moods of the man, and, the feeling as honorable to all who in running back over the eventful years have the blood of the chieftain in their of his life, it becomes clear, that civilveins as it is praiseworthy in his bio- isation had never so completely gained grapher. We cannot, however, consent the mastery over his mind and heart, to forget, that historical truth is very as not to desert him, without notice, severe in its requisitions, and is not to the moment he heard the sound of the be put off, by friend or foe, with hear- war-whoop. The fact that he could say testimony, or plausible surmises. use the pen, supplied no insuperable

Brant cannot, like Xicotencal, be ac- motives against his wielding the war cused of having joined the invaders of club. His tomahawk and his Testahis country, who were recklessly re- ment lay on the same shelf. The solved upon its subjugation; but he worst trait in his character is revealed overlooked the fact, that both the inva- in his tardiness to execute acts of purder and the invaded, in the long and posed mercy. There was too often bloody border warfare of the revolution, some impediment, which served as an were, in all that constitutes character, excuse, as when he had a ploughed the same people. They were of the field to cross to save Wells and his same blood and lineage, spoke the family, or a lame heel, or gave up the same language, had the same laws and design altogether, as in the case of customs, and the same literature and Wisner, whom he construed it into an religion, and he failed to see that the act of mercy to tomahawk. only real point of difference between That he was, however, a man of an them was, who should wield the scep- extraordinary firmness, courage and tre. Whichever party gained the day decision of character, is without doubt. in such a contest, letters and Christiani. But his fate and fortunes have not ty must triumph, and as the inevitable been such as to give much encourageresult, barbarism must decline, and the ment to chiefs of the native race in power of the Indian nation fall. lending their influence to European, or

In Brant, barbarism and civilisation Anglo-European powers, who may be evinced a strong and singular contest. engaged in hostilities against each other He was at one moment a savage, and on this continent. Pontiac had realized at another a civilian, at one moment this before him, and Tecumtha realcruel, and at another humane; and he ized it after him. Neither attained the exhibited, throughout all the heroic object he sought. One of these chiefs period of his career, a constant vacilla- was assassinated, the other fell in battion and struggle between good and tle, and Brant himself only survived bad, noble and ignoble feelings, and, as the defeat of his cause, to fret out his

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