Reclaiming a Scientific Anthropology

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Rowman Altamira, 2008 - 229 páginas
This second edition of Reclaiming a Scientific Anthropology arrives at just the right time, as new advances in science increasingly affect anthropologists of all stripes. Lawrence Kuznar begins by reviewing the basic issues of scientific epistemology in anthropology as they have taken shape over the life of the discipline. He then describes postmodern and other critiques of both science and scientific anthropology, and he concludes with stringent analyses of these debates. This new edition brings this important text firmly into the 21st century; it not only updates the scholarly debates but it describes new research techniques--such as computer modeling systems--that could not have been imagined just a decade ago. In a field that has become increasingly divided over basic methods of reasearch and interpretation, Kuznar makes a powerful argument that anthropology should return to its roots in empirical science.
 

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Contenido

Anthropological Science
3
DEFINITIONS
6
ASSUMPTIONS
11
GOALS
15
METHODOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES
19
CYCLE OF SCIENCE
27
ScienceProblems with Progress
31
PARADIGMS AND SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONS
32
DECONSTRUCTING RECONSTRUCTED ARCHAEOLOGY
116
Strange Bedfellows A Comparison of Challenges to Scientific Anthropology
125
A LITERARY BENT
126
MISUNDERSTANDING THE SCIENTIFIC PROCESS
127
THE CONSPIRACY THEORIES
130
AN ACHILLES HEEL
132
THE ENGINE OF SCIENCES CRITICS
133
WHAT CRITICISM CAN DO FOR ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCE
135

PROGRESS ON PROGRESS
37
THE DUHEMQUINE THESIS
41
Anthropological ScienceTwo Examples
45
MAN THE HUNTER
46
HISTORY OF HOPEWELL RESEARCH
55
The Postmodern Vanguard Nontraditional Critics of Science
69
WOMEN SCIENCE AND KNOWLEDGE
74
THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE POSTMODERN MOVEMENT
77
SUMMARY
85
Elevating the OtherLooking Back upon Ourselves Postmodern and Critical Anthropology
87
HISTORY OF POSTMODERN ANTHROPOLOGY
88
THE REALITY QUESTION
93
THE CRISIS OF REPRESENTATION
96
THE SCIENCE QUESTION
97
THE AUTHORITY PROBLEM
101
POLITICSETHICSMORALS
104
SUMMARY
107
The Mutable Past Postmodern Archaeology
111
THE POSTMODERN PAST
113
The Case against Crusading Anthropology
137
PROPAGANDATHE MYTH
138
NAVAJO STOCK REDUCTION
140
ETHICS AND ANTHROPOLOGY
143
Computational Social Science Adding Method to Madness
155
COMPLEXITY THEORY AND ANTHROPOLOGY
157
COMPLEXITY THEORY IN CLASSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY
158
BOURDIEU AND GIDDENS
159
HOW MODELING BRIDGES THE GAP
162
CONCLUSION
169
Where Do We Go from Here? A Future for Scientific Anthropology
171
A REALLY SCIENTIFIC ANTHROPOLOGY
172
PRACTICING A SCIENTIFIC ANTHROPOLOGY
176
ALLOWING TEXT IDEA AND SCIENCE TO WORK TOGETHER
178
References
183
Index
219
About the Author
229
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Acerca del autor (2008)

Lawrence A. Kuznar is professor of anthropology at Indiana University-Purdue University at Fort Wayne.

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