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LIST OF THE ABBREVIATIONS
USED IN THIS DICTIONARY.
a.or adj. stands for adjective.
stands for participle. abbrev. abbreviation, abbreviated. genit.
Persic or Persian.
physical geography, astrol. astrology.
pol, econ. political economy. bot. botany.
past participle. Bret. Breton (=Armoric). interj.
present participle. Bulg. Bulgarian.
pron. pronunciation, pronounced. chem, chemistry.
prosody. Class. Classical (=Greek and Lith.
R. Cath.Ch.... Roman Catholic Church. coni. commerce.
Rom.antiq.... Roman antiquities. compar. comparative.
Sanskrit. def. definite. mineral. mineralogy.
Slavonic, Slavic. deriv. derivation. Mod. Fr. Modern French
superlative. dyn. dynamics. nat. order,... natural order.
surgery E., Eng. English. nat. phil. natural philosophy.
telegraphy. ethn. ethnography,ethnology. | North. E. Northern English.
between A.Saxon and var.
variety (of species). Fr. French,
verb intransitive, freq. frequentative.
L, the twelfth letter of the English alpha Labadist (lab'a-dist), n. A follower of Jean commonly used with a tangent line on the bet, is usually denominated a semi-vowel de Labadie, who lived in the seventeenth edge of a circumferentor, to take altitudes, or a liquid. It is formed by placing the century. The Labadists held that God can &c.-6. A tassel. Fuller.-7. In Goth. arch. tip of the tongue against the gum that in and does deceive men, that the observance a projecting tablet or moulding over doors, closes the roots of the upper teeth, and of the Sabbath is a matter of indifference, windows, &c., called a hood-moulding, and allowing the breath to escape by the sides and other peculiar opinions.
a drip, dripstone, or weather-moulding
when of the tongue. L has only one sound in Labarri (la-bar'rē), n. Elaps lemniscatus, it is turned square. -8. A pendant like a English, as in like, canal. At the end of a deadly snake of Guiana, which sometimes broad ribbon hanging from the head-dress monosyllables it is often doubled, as in reaches the length of 8 feet. It is beauti and helmet of a knight. jall, full, tell, bell, but not after diph fully coloured when alive, but fades when Label (la'bl), v.t. pret. & pp. labelled; ppr. thongs and digraphs, as foul, fool, prowl, dead.
labelling. To affix a label to. grocl, foal, &c. The nearest ally of l is r, the Labarum (lab'a-rum), n. [L. labarum, la It shall be inventoried, and every particle and pronunciation of which differs from that of börum, Gr. labaron, laboron; etym. doubt utensil labelled.
Shak. i only in being accompanied by a vibration
ful.] The imperial stan Labeller (la'bl-ėr), n. One who affixes labels of the tip of the tongue. There is no letter
dard adopted by Constan
to anything accordingly with which l is more frequently
tine the Great after his con
Labellum (la-bellum), interchanged, instances of the change of ?
version to Christianity, dif
n. (L., a little lip) A intor and of r intol being both very common
ferently described and fig.
term applied in botany in various languages. In fact in the history
ured, but generally repre
to one of the three of the Indo-European alphabet l is con
sented as a pole having a
pieces forming the cosidered to be a later modification of r. Thus hommiin DID
cross-bar with the banner
rolla in orchideous the Skr. ruch, to shine, corresponds to the
depending from it and bear
plants. It is often Gr. root luk in leukos, white, L. luc in lucco,
ing the Greek letters XP
spurred. to shine, luz, light, and the root of E. light;
(that is, Chr), conjoined so
Labent (labent), a. (L. the L. ulmus yields the Fr. orme, and the
as to form a monogram of
labens, labentis, ppr. of L peregrinus yields the It. pellegrino, Fr.
the name of Christ. The
labor, to slide.) Slidpelerin, E. pilgrim, L. lavendula, E. laven
banner was made of silk.
_ing; gliding. (Rare.) der. So too the Latin adjectival termina
The word is sometimes used Flower of Orchis ma. Labia (la'bi-a), pl. tions -alis, -aris are the same. There are
for any other standard or cuinta. L, Labellum. (From L. labium, a lip. ) whole nations that do not possess one or Labarum.--Medal flag, and its form may still
In anat. the lips. Apother of these sounds, the Japanese, for
be recognized in the ban plied also to the parts of the pudendum exexample, always using r instead of I, while
ners carried in ecclesiasti terior to the nymphæ. the Chinese use l instead of r. L is also cal processions in all Roman Catholic coun Labial (lābi-al), a. (Fr., from L. labium, found representing n, as in postern, as well tries.
a lip: See LIP.) 1. Pertaining to the lips. as the mutes d, t, thus E. tear, Fr. larine, Labdanum (lab'da-num). See LADANUM. 'A labial gland or vein.' Dunglison. Gr. dakry, are etymologically the same Labefaction (lab-e-fak'shon), n.
2. Formed by the lips; owing its special words. In A. Sax. 1, like the other liquids factio, from labefacio-labo, to totter, and character to the lips; as, a labial articulan and r, is often preceded by h, which was facio, to make.) A weakening or loosening; tion, a labial consonant, namely one such no doubt sounded, as in hlaj, loaf; hladan, a failing; decay; downfall; ruin.
as b, p, and m. to lade or load; hlot, lot; hlinian, hleonian, There is in it such a labefaction of all principles as Labial (la'bi-al), n. A letter or character to lean. In English words the terminating may be injurious to mortality.
representing a sound or articulation formed syllable le is unaccented, the e is silent, and Labefyt (lab'e-fī), v.t. To weaken or impair. or uttered chiefly by the lips, as b, S, M, P, v, i forms itself a syllable, as in able, eagle, Label (la'bl), n. (0. Fr. label, lambel, are called labials. pronounced abl, eagl. In some words I is labeau, a rag, a tatter, a shred: either of Labially (la'bi-al-li), adv. In a labial manner; now mute, as in hals, calf, walk, talk, chalk, Germanic or of Celtic origin; comp. G. by means of the lips. yolk, calm; from others it has disappeared lappen, a flap, patch, rag, and w. llab, a Labiatæ (là - bi-ä'tė), n. pl. [See LABIATE. ) altogether, as from each, such ; in hauberk, strip, llabed, a label; Gael. leab, a shred.) The mint tribe, a very important and auburn, it has become u; in could, syllable, 1. A slip of silk, paper, parchment, or other extensive natural order of exogenous plants, puerticiple, it has intruded. --- As an abbre material, containing a name, title, address, with a labiate corolla, and a four-lobed viation, in Latin, it stands for Lucius; or the like, and affixed to anything, indicat. ovary, changing to four seed-like monoL.L.S. for a sesterce, or two librce and a ing its nature, contents, ownership, destina spermous fruits. This order contains about half LL D. stands for Legum Doctor, tion, or other particulars.--2. A narrow slip 2000 species, mostly herbs, undershrubs, or Doctor of Laws. L is also used for liber, of parchment or paper, or a ribbon of silk, shrubs, rarely arborescent, with opposite or book, as applied to a division in a work. affixed to diplomas, deeds, or writings to hold whorled leaves, usually square stems, and a As a numeral L stands for 50.
the appended seal.-3. Any paper annexed to thyrsoid or whorled inflorescence. They are La (la), exclam. (A. Sax. la, lo! behold!] a will by way of addition, as a codicil.-4. In spread throughout the world, being most Look; see; behold.
her. a fillet with pendants or points, a figure strongly represented in the Mediterranean La (la). In music, (a) in solmization, the usually added to coat ar
and eastern regions, but abounding in all sixth of the seven syllables-ut or do, re, mour to mark a distinc
temperate latitudes. Many of the species mi, fa, sol, la, si-representing the seven tion in the arms of the
are valued for their fragrance, as lavender sounds in the diatonic scale. (6) The syl eldest son during the life
and thyme; others for their stimulating lable by which Guido denoted the last sound of the father, in which
qualities, as mint and peppermint; others of each of his hexachords. If the hexa case it has three points.
as aromatics, as savory, basil, and marjoram; chord begins in C, the la answers to our A; A label of five points is
several are used as febrifuges, as the Ocimum if in G, to our E; and if in F, to D. the distinction of the heir
febrifugum of Sierra Leone. Rosemary is Lab, Labbe, n. (Allied to D. labben, to blab, whilst the grandfather
used in the manufacture of Hungary-water, to tell tales ; to G. labbe, lip, mouth; and is living; one of seven
and its oil is that which gives the green probably to E. blab.) A great talker; a blah. points, the difference for Label of three points. colour to bear's.grease and such pomatums. ber. I am no lab.' Chaucer. (Obsolete the heir in the lifetime of
Betony, ground-ivy, horehound, and others or provincial.)
his great-grandfather; and so on. The label possess bitter tonic qualities. Numerous Lab, Labbe, to.i. See the noun.) To blab; is also termed a Lambel, sometimes a File. species are objects of great beauty, as to prate; to talk thoughtlessly or carelessly. 5. A long thin brass rule, with a small sight various kinds of sage, Gardoquia, and Dra'A labbing shrew is she.' Chaucer.
at one end and a centre-hole at the other, cocephalum. Also called Lamiaceae.
Fåte, far, fat, fall: mē, met, hér: pine, pin; note, not, möve; tūbe, tub, bull; ch, chain; ch, Sc. loch: 8. go; j, job; Ó, Fr. ton; ng sing: TH, then; th, thin;
oil, pound; ü, Sc. abune; y, Sc. foy. w, wig; wh, whig; zh, azure.- See KEY
Labiate, Labiated (la'bi-āt, lähi-it-ed), a. 2. Work done or to be done; that which re given to two species of the genus Ledum(L.
(L. L. labiatu8, from L. labium, lip) In bot. quires wearisome exertion or strong effort; latifolium and L. palustre) which possess a term applied to an irregular gamopetalous a work.
narcotic properties, and render beer heady. corolla, the limb or expanded portion cleft Being a labur of so great difficulty, the exact per. They grow in the north of Europe and so as to present an upper
formance thereof we may rather wish than look lor. America. and lower lip, the upper
Labrax (lä'braks), n. [Gr., a ravenous seaconsisting of two, the
tish.) A genus of acanthopterygian tishes lower of three segments. as, the claims or rights of labour. - 4. Tra
belonging to the perch family, which inLabiatiflora (la-bi-a-tivail; the pangs and efforts of childbirth.
cludes the rock-fish or striped bass of the Hó're), n. pl. [LL. la
5. In Scrip. suffering; trial. Rev. xiv. 13. -- United States. biatus, lipped, from L.
Laborivus labour, in obstetrics, labour which Labridæ, Labroidei (lab'ri-dē, la-broi'de-i), labium, a lip, and flos, Labiate Corolla.
is accompanied with much suffering, and is floris, a flower.) In bot unusually difficult. --Sex. Work, toil, task,
n. pl. The wrasse tribe, a family of acan
thopterygious fishes, having the genus Laba section of the nat, order Compositæ. The drudgery, exertion, effort.
rus as the type. The ventral fins are under flowers are mostly hermaphrodite, and the
Labour (la'bér), v.i. 1. To exert muscular
the pectorals, and the scales are cycloid. corolla is divided into two lips.
A member of the Labile (lab'il), a. (L. L. labilis, apt to slip, particularly in servile occupations; to work;
family Labridæ. from L. labor, to slide, to slip ) Liable to
Labrinth-liket (lab'rinth-lik), a. Labyrinerr, fall, or apostatize. (Rare ]
Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work.
Ex. XX. Lability (la-bil'i-ti), a. Liability to lapse 2. To exert one's powers of body or mind,
In labrinth-like turns and twinings intricate. Coleridge. or both, in the prosecution of any design; Labrose (la’bros), a. [L. labrunt, a lip.]
Zrzyton. Labimeter, Labidometer (la-bim'et-ér, lab-i-dom'et-ér), n. (Gr. labis, labidos, a
to endeavour; to strive; to take pains; as,
Having thick lips.
Labour not for the meat which perisheth. Jn.wi. 27.
Labrum (la'brum), n. L., a lip ! 1. A lip
or edge; especially, (a) in entom, the usually the forceps, which indicates the distance of
Latour to thy power to make thy body go of thy
soul's errands. the blades from each other when applied to
movable part which, terminating the face the head of the child in the womb. 3. To be burdened; to be oppressed with
anteriorly, covers the mouth from above,
and represents the upper lip. (b) In conch. Labiodental(läbi--den-tal), a. (L. labium, difficulties; to proceed or act with diffi
the outer lip of a shell. -2. A basin or vase a lip, and dens a tooth.) In phonetics, formed culty.
placed in the warm bath-room of the ancient or pronounced by the co-operation of the Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy baths. It contained hot water for the ablips and teeth; as, s and v are labiodental
laden, and I will give you rest.
Mat. xi. 28.
lutions of those who used the vapour bath. letters.
In this sense often with under (formerly Labrus (la’brus), n. [L., a fish mentioned Labiodental (la'bi-o-den-tal), n. A letter sometimes of); as, to labuur under a disease. by Pliny, either from Gr. labros, greedy, or
representing a sound pronounced by the Absolute inonarchy iabours under the worst of all from L. labrum, a lip, on account of their co-operation of the lips and teeth.
Brough.m. well-developed double fleshy lips.) A genus Labi-palpi (lá'bi-pal-pi), n. pl. (L. labium, 4. To be in travail; to suffer the pangs of of spiny-finned fishes, the type of the family a lip, and palpum, a feeler.] In entom. childbirth. --5. Naut. to move irregularly Labridæ. The fishes of this genus are termed the labial feelers in insects.
with little progress; to pitch and roll hea wrasses. Labium (lā’bi-um), n. (L., a lip. ) A lip; espe vily, as a ship in a turbulent sea.-Syn. To Laburnum (la-bernum), n. [L] A tree of cially, (a) in entom, the lower lip of insects, work, toil, strive, struggle, plod, drudge, the genus Cytisus, the C. Laburnum, nat. the upper being called the labrum. (6) In slave, suffer.
order Leguminosa, a native of the Alps, univalve molluscous shells the inner lip of Labour (la'bér), v. t. 1. To work at; to till; much cultivated by way of ornament. It is the shell, the outer being called the labrum. to cultivate.
well known in gardens for the beauty of its Labor (la-bor'), n. A Mexican land measure,
The most excellent lands are lying fallow, or only pendulous racemes of yellow pea-shaped equal to 177 acres. Simmonds.
laboured by children.
W. Tooke, flowers. The seeds contain a poisonous Laborantt (lab'o-rant), n. A chemist. 2. To prosecute with effort; to urge; as, to
substance called cytisine, and are violently I can show you a sort of fixt sulphur made by an labour a point or argument. --3. To form or emetic; the wood is much prized by cabinetindustrious laborant.
Boyle. fabricate with exertion; as, to labour arms makers and turners, being wrought into a Laboratory (lab'o-ra-to-ri), n. [L. L. labora for Troy; a laboured composition. - 4.4 To variety of articles which require strength torium, Fr. laboratoire, from L. labor, labour. beat; to belabour. •Labour him with many
and smoothness. The Scotch laburnum of See LABOUR.] 1. A building or workshop a sturdy stroke.' Dryden.
gardens is a form with larger leaves and designed for investigation and experiment Laboured (lä'berd), p. and a. Formed with flowers, which is known as C. alpinus. in chemistry, physics, pyrotechnics, or the labour; bearing the marks of constraint and Labyrinth (lab'i-rinth), 11. [L. labyrinthus; like. --2. A place where work is performed or hardness of style: opposed to easy, natural, Gr. labyrinthos.] 1. A structure having numeanything is elaborated or prepared for use; or spontaneous.
rous intricate winding passages, which renhence, the stomach is called the grand la Labourer (la’ber-ér), n. One who labours der it difficult to find the way from the boratory of the human body; the liver the in a toilsome occupation; a man who does
interior to the entrance. There were two laboratory of the bile.
work that requires little skill or special remarkable ancient edifices of this kind, Laborious (la-bo'ri-us), a. (L. laboriosus; training, as distinguished from an artisan. the Egyptian and the Cretan labyrinths. --Fr. laborieux. See LABOUR.) 1. Requiring Labouring (la’bér-ing), p. and a. 1. Exert 2. Anything full of intricate turnings and labour, exertion, or perseverance; toilsome; ing muscular strengthor intellectual power; windings; an ornamental maze or wilderness tiresome; not easy; as, laborious duties or toiling; moving with pain or difficulty; cul in gardens. services.
tivating: --- 2. A term applied to a person The serpent . , . soon he found With what compulsion and laborious flight who performs work that requires no appren
In labyrinth of many a round sell-rolled. We sunk thus low. Milton.
Millon. ticeship or professional skill, in distinction Dost thou love watchings, abstinence, or toil, from an artisan. --3. Devoted or set apart
3. Any intricate matter or business; a diffiLaborious virtues all! Learn these from Cato.
culty from which one cannot be extricated; 2. Using exertion; employing labour; diliforce, the force applied to a machine to set
a maze; a perplexity. gent in work or service; assiduous: used of and keep it in motion. It differs from work
The Earl of Essex had not proceeded with his
accustomed wariness and skill, but run into lahy. persons; as, a laborious husbandman or ing or efficient force, which is the force
rinths, from whence he could not disentangle hiinmechanic; a laborious minister or pastor. actually exerted by the machine, or the
Clarendon. Laborious for her people and her poor. force transmitted to the point of effect,
4. A series of cavities in the ear, viz. the Tennyson. -SYN. Industrious, painstaking, inasmuch as part of it is expended in over
vestibule, the cochlea, and the semicircular active, diligent, assiduous, toilsome, difticoming friction, &c. The labouring force
canals; that part of the internal ear which cult, arduous, wearisome, fatiguing, trouble. is thus always greater than the working
lies behind the tympanum. -- 5. In metal. force. some, tedious.
a series of troughs attached to a stamping Laboriously (la-bo'ri-us-li), adv. In a la Labourless (la’ber-les), a. Without labour;
mill, through which a current of water borious manner;. with labour, toil, or diffi
not laborious; easily done. culty Labour-pains (la'bėr-pânz), n. pl. Pains of
passes, for the purpose of washing away the
suspended pulverized ore, and subsequently childbirth. Laboriousness (la-bo'ri-us-nes), n. 1. The
depositing it at different distances, dependquality of being laborious or attended with Labour-saving (la’bér-sāv-ing), a. Saving
ing upon its state of comminution.-- Laby. toil; toilsomeness; difficulty.-2. Diligence;
labour; adapted to supersede or diminish assiduity. the labour of men; as, a labour-saving ma
rinth jret, in arch. a fret with many turnings
in the form of a labyrinth. chine. Laboriousness shuts the doors and stops all the
Same as avenues of the inind.
South. Laboursome (lá’ber-sum), a. 1.+ Made with Labyrinthal (lab'i-rinth-al), a. Labour (lā'bér), n. [Fr. labeur, L. labor,
great labour and diligence. Laboursome Labyrinthian, Labyrinthean (lab-i-rinth? labour.) 1. Exertion, physical or mental, or petition.' Shak. – 2. Apt or inclined to
i-an, lab-i-rinth'ë-an), a. Winding; intriboth undergone in the performance of some
pitch and roll, as a ship in a heavy sea. task or work; particularly, the exertion of the Labra (lä' bra), n.
[An intentionally inbody in occupations by which subsistence correct form from L. labrum, a lip. ] A
Mark how the labyrinthian turns they take,
The circles intricate, and mystic maze. Young is obtained, as in agriculture and manufac
A contracted, subtile, and intricate face, full of tures, in contradistinction to the exertion Word of denial in thy labras here!
quirks and turnings: a labyrinthean face. Word of denial: froth and scum, thou liest! Shak.
B. Jonson. of strength in play or amusements, which are denominated exercise rather than labour; Labradorite, Labrador Felspar (lab'ra: Labyrinthibranchidæ (lab'i-rinth-iany kind of exertion which is attended with dor-it, lab'ra-dor fel-spår), n. A mineral brangk'i.de), n. pl. (L. labyrinthos, a laby. fatigue; the performance of work; toil; as,
found on the coast of Labrador, and for rinth, branchia, gills, and eidos, reseniafter the labours of the day the farmer re
merly called Labrador hornblende, though blance.] Same as Anabasidæ. tires, and rest is sweet; moderate labour
that is the designation of hypersthene. It Labyrinthic, Labyrinthical (lab-i-rinth'contributes to health; the labour of com
is a lime-soda felspar, and has been found ik, lab-i-rinth'ik-al), a. Like a labyrinth. piling and writing a history.
massive and disseminated only. Labradorite Labyrinthiform (lab-i-rinth'i-form), a.
is distinguished by its splendent changeaWhat is obtained by labour will of right be the
Having the form of a labyrinth; intricate. property of him by whose labour it is gained. bility of colour.
Labyrinthine (lab-i-rinth'in), a. Pertaining Rambler. Labrador-tea (lab'ra-dor-tē), n. A name to or like a labyrinth.
Labyrinthodon (lab-i-rinth'ő-don), n. (Gr. 2. To adorn with lace; as, cloth laced with slow-worm no trace of a limb is seen exterLabyrinthos, a labyrinth, and odous, odontos, silver or silver-gilt lace. — 3. To embellish nally, the scapular arch is, however, invaria tooth.) A genus of fossil amphibians, with variegations or intersecting stripes or ably present. The eyes are generally furwhose remains are found in the carbonifer streaks.
nished with movable eyelids; the teeth are ous, permian, and trias formations, those of
Look, love, what envious streaks
not placed in distinct sockets; the skin is
Shak. the trias being found in England, India, and Do lace the severing clouds in yonder east.
covered with horny plates or scales; the 4. To beat; to lash: generally in the phrase bodies of the vertebræ are concave, rarely to lace one's coat.
biconcave. I'll lace your coat for you. L'Estrange. Lacertine, Lacertiloid (la-sér'tin, la-sér'. 5. To add spirits to coffee or other beverage; til-oid), o. [L. lacertus.] Like a lizard. as, a cup of coffee laced with a drop of Lacertus (la-ser'tus), n. The girrock, a fish brandy. (Colloq.]
of the garfish kind; also, the lizard fish. Lace (lās), 0... To be made so as to be fast- Lace-trimming (läs'trim-ing), n. An edging
ened or tied by a lace; to have a lace; as, or border of lace; a woven string.
Lace-winged (lās'wingd), a. Having wings
like lace. - Lace-winged flies, insects of West Indies, the Lagetta lintearia, nat.
the genus Hemerobius and order Neuroporder Thymeleacea, so called from the tex tera, so called from their delicate wings ture of its inner bark, which consists of having many netted spaces like lace. The numerous concentric layers of fibres which larvæ are exceedingly voracious, and feed interlace in all directions.
upon aphides. Lace-boot (las'bot), 1. A boot which is Lacewoman (lās'wi-man), 1. pl. LaceLabyrinthodon Salainandroides.- Professor Uwen. fastened by a lace.
women (wim'en). A woman who makes Laced (lást), p. and a. 1. Fastened with lace or sells lace. Africa. They were allied to the crocodile or a string ; also, tricked out with lace. Lache, a. (See the noun.] Sluggish; negliand to the frog, and were 10 or 12 feet long. 2. Tied; bound. Chaucer.-3. Mixed with gent. Chaucer. The name is derived from the labyrinthine spirits : said of coffee or some other bever- Lache, Laches (lash, lash'ez), n. [Norm. Fr. structure of a section of the tooth, when age. (Colloq.)-Laced mutton, t a courtesan. lachesse, remissness, Fr. lâche, loose, remiss, seen under the microscope. The cheiro Shak.
cowardly; 0. Fr. lasche, Pr. lasc, It. lasco; therium is supposed to have been the same Lace-frame (lās'frām), n. A machine for from L. laxus, lax, slow, laxus becoming animal. making lace or bobbinet.
lascus by transposition of sounds.) In lau, Labyrinthodont (lab-i-rinth'o-dont), n. A Lace-leaf (läs'lef), n. Same as Lattice-leaf. neglect; negligence; remissness; inexcusmember of the order of Labyrinthodontia. Lacemaker (lās'māk-er), n. One whose em able delay; neglect to do a thing at the Labyrinthodontia(lab-i-rinth'ö-don"shi-a), ployment is to make lace.
proper time. ih pl. (See LABYRINTHODON.) An order of Laceman (lās'man), n. pl. Lacemen (lās'. If his parliament, overwhelmed with business fossil Amphibia, of which Labyrinthodon is _men). A man who deals in lace.
which could not be postponed without danger to his the type genus. See LABYRINTHODON. Lace-paper (lās'pă-per), n. Paper having
throne and to his person, had been forced to defer, Lac (lak), n. (Per. lak, a red dye; Skr.
year after year, the consideration of so large and come an open-work pattern in imitation of lace.
plex a question as that of the Irish forfeitures, it ill laksha and raksha, the lac insect, from Lace-pillow (lās' pil-16), 12. A pillow or became him to take advantage of such a taches with ranj, to dye.) A resinous substance pro cushion for making lace on.
the eagerness of a shrewd attorney. Macaulay. duced mainly upon the Ficus indica or Lacerable (las'ér-a-bl), a. (See LACERATE.] - Laches of entry, a neglect of the heir to banyan-tree, by the exudations from the That may be lacerated or torn.
enter. body of the female of the Coccus ficus or Lacerate (las'ér-ăt), v.t. pret. & pp. lacer. Lachesis (lak'ė-sis), n. 1. In class. myth. Coccus lacca. It is composed of five differ ated; ppr. lacerating. [L. lacero, laceratum, the one of the three Fates whose duty it ent varieties of resin, with a small quantity to tear, from lacer, mangled, torn. ) То
was to spin the thread of life. -2. An Ameriof several other substances, particularly a tear; to rend; to separate a substance by red colouring matter. Stick-lac is the sub
can genus of serpents of the family Crotaviolence or tearing; as, to lacerate the flesh:
lidæ or rattle-snakes, but differing from the stance in its natural state, incrusting small often used figuratively in the sense of to true rattle-snakes in the tail terminating in twigs. When broken off and washed with torture; to harrow; as, to lacerate the feel
a spine instead of a rattle, and the head water it almost entirely loses its red colour, ings.
being covered with scales instead of plates. and is called seed-lac, from its granular Lacerate, Lacerated (las'ér-āt, las'ér-at-ed),
They are among the most venomous of serform. When melted and reduced to a thin p. and a. 1. Rent; torn.-2. In bot. having
pents. crust, it is called shell-lac. Mixed with tur the edge variously cut into irregular seg
Lachesness (lach'ez-nes), n. Remissness; pentine, colouring matters, and other sub ments; as, a lacerated leaf. --3. In anat, a
carelessness; negligence. (Rare.] stances, lac is used to make differently col term applied to two foramina at the base Lachesse,t n. [See LACHE.) Slackness; oured sealing-wax. Dissolved in alcohol or of the cranium, from their lacerated appear negligence. Chaucer. other menstrua, by different methods of ance.
Lachrymable, Lacrymable (lak'rim-a-bl), preparation, it constitutes various kinds of Laceration (las'ér-a'shon), n. The act of
a. Lamentable. (Rare.] varnishes and lacquers.-Lac-dye and lac tearing or rending; the breach made by Lachrymæ Christi (lak'ri-mē kris'ti), n. lake are colouring matters used in dyeing rending
[L., lit. Christ's tears.) A sweet but piquant cloth scarlet, obtained by different processes Lacerative (las'ér-āt-iv), a. Tearing; having
muscatel wine of most agreeable flavour from stick-lac. In the state in which they the power to tear; as, lacerative humours.
produced from the grapes of Mount Somma, are found in commerce they have the form Lacert,t Lacerte, t 11. [L. lacerta, a lizard.]
near Vesuvius. There are two kinds, white of little cakes. They were formerly obtained A fleshy muscle: so named from its having and red, the former of which is most valued. only from the East, but a superior kind of a tail like a lizard. Chaucer.
Lachrymæform (lak'ri-mē-form), a. (L. lac-dye is now manufactured in England Lacerta (la-ser'ta), n. [L.) 1. The lizard, a lachryma, a tear, and forma, shape. ) In from stick-lac. The colouring matter of lac genus of saurian reptiles. See LIZARD.-.
bot. tear-shaped : almost synonymous with dye is analogous to cochineal.
2. A northern constellation, consisting of pear-shaped, only that the sides of the inLac, Lack (lak), n. [Hind. lakh, lukh; Skr. sixteen stars. It is surrounded by Androlaksha, a hundred thousand.] In the East
verted cone are not contracted, as the seed meda, Cepheus, Cygnus, and Pegasus.
of the apple. Indies, a word used to denote 100,000; as, a 3. [Probably from L. lacertus, the upper Lachrymal, Lacrymal (lak’rim-al), a. (Fr. lac of rupees.
arm.) A fathom. Doomsday Book. Laccic (lak'sik), a. (See LAC.) Pertaining Lacertian (la-sér'shi-an), n. A saurian rep
from L. lachryma, a tear.) Pertaining to
tears; generating or secreting tears, as the to lac or produced from it. tile belonging to the family Lacertida.
lachrymal gland; conveying tears, as the Laccine (lak'sin), n. A peculiar substance Lacertian, Lacertilian (la-sér'shi-an, la lachrymal canal. once thought to be obtainable from shell sér-til'i-an), a. Belonging to the family of Lachrymal, Lacrymal (lak'rim-al), n. lac. lizards.
Same as Lachrymatory. Lac-dye (lak'di), n. See under Lac, a re- Lacertidæ, Lacertinidæ (la-sér ti-dē, la; Lachrymary, Lacrymary (lak‘rim-a-ri), sinous substance. sér-tin'i-dē), n. pl. [L. lacerta, a lizard, and
a. Containing tears. Lace (las), n. [O.E. las; Fr. lacs, a lace, tie,
Lachrymary vesGr. eidos, resemblance.) The true lizards, sels.' Addison. snare; from L. laqueus, a noose, a snare.) a family of land reptiles, belonging to the Lachrymation (lak-ri-ma'shon), n. The act 1. That which binds or fastens, especi order Sauria or Lacertilia. The body is
of shedding tears. [Rare.) ally by being interwoven; a string or cord rounded, covered with scales, the largest Lachrymatory (lak’rim-a-to-ri), n. (Fr. used for fastening boots or some other ones below; the tail is frequently very long part of the dress, or plaited and otherwise and easily broken; they have two pairs of highly ornamented and used merely for de limbs, the feet with four or five toes of uncoration — 2.1 A snare; a gin; a net. "To equal length, bearing hooked claws; the escape out of your lace.' Chaucer. -3. A mouth is wide, the tongue protrusible, slendelicate kind of net-work, formed of silk, der, and forked; the eyes brilliant, with a Hlax, or cotton thread, used for the orna membranous expansion resembling a third menting of female dresses, &c., and made eyelid; the colours often showy. The Lacereither by hand on a pillow or by machine: tidæ are peculiar to the Old World, and machine - made lace is sometimes distin
are chiefly found in Southern Europe and guished by the name of Bobbinet.
Western Asia. Two species occur in Britain, Our English dames are much given to the wearing Zootica Vivipara (the scaly lizard), and of costly laces.
Bacon. Lacerta agilis (the sand lizard), which are, 4. Spirits added to coffee or other beverage. in fact, the only saurians, except the comIf haply he the sect pursues,
mon slow-worm, now found in these islands. That read and comment upon news;
Lacertilia (las'ér-til-i-a), n. pl. (L. lacerta, He takes up their mysterious face, a lizard. ) An order of reptiles including
Lachryinatories, from specimens in British Museum. He drinks his coffee without lace.
the slow-worm, the lizards proper, the Lace (lăs), o.t. pret. & pp. laced; ppr. lacing, monitors, iguana, chameleons, and geckos. lachrymatoire; L. L. lachrymatorium, from
1. To fasten with a string, through eyelet Most of them have two pairs of limbs, but L. lachrymna, a tear.! A vessel found in holes. 'Jenny's stays are newly laced.' Prior. in some only one pair is found, and in the sepulchres of the ancients, in which it has
been supposed the tears of a deceased per 2. A kind of particoloured caterpillar. See sion running with it towards the enemy's son's friends were collected and preserved LACKEY-MOTH.
goal, and when on the point of being caught, with the ashes and urn. It was a small Lackey (lak'i), v.t. To wait on as a lackey; passing it by tossing to one of his own side, glass or bottle like a phial. Called also to attend servilely. Lachrymal or Lacrymal.
A thousand liveried angels lackey her. Milon. Lachrymose (lak’rim-os), a. Generating or Lackey (lak’i), v.i. To act as footboy; to run shedding tears; appearing as if shedding or
along-side of a coach, as footmen used to do given to shed tears; tearful. Lachrymosely (lak'rim-os-li), adv.
those of their masters; to pay servile atIn a
tendance. lachrymose manner; tearfully.
Oft have I servants seen on horses ride, Lacing (läs'ing), n. 1. The act of binding or The free and noble iackey by their side Sandys. fastening through eyelet-holes.-2. A cord Lackey-moth (lak’i-moth), ".
The Clisioused in drawing tight or fastening.-3. Naut.
campa neustria, a moth not uncommon in the rope or line used to confine the heads of sails to their yards or gaffs; also, a piece of
this country; the larvæ, which are striped,
live in society under a web, and are somecompass or knee-timber fayed to the back of the figure and the knee of the head.
Lack-Latin (lak'la-tin), n. One ignorant Lacinia (la-sin'i-a), n. [L., a lappet, as of a
of Latin; an uneducated ignoramus. garment.] 1. In bot. (a) one of the straps or tags forming the fringe on the outer portion Lack-linen (lak'lin-en), a. Wanting a shirt.
Shak. [Rare.) of the limb of some petals. () The fringe
What! itself.-2. In entom. the blade or apex of
you poor, base, rascally,cheating, Lack.linen
mate! Away, you mouldy rogue, away! Shak. the maxilla of an insect.
One who is indifLaciniate, Laciniated (la-sin'i-āt, la-sin'i- Lack-lovę (lak'luv), 1. āt-ed), a. (L. lacinia, a lappet or border.)
ferent to love. 1. Adorned with fringes.-2. In bot. jagged;
Pretty soul! she durst not lie
Crosse or Bat used in game of La-crosse.
Near this lack-love, this kill courtesy. Shak. noting leaves or petals which are divided by deep taper-pointed incisions.
Lack-lustre (lak'lus - tér), a. Wanting or throwing it over his head as far in the Laciniform (la-sin'i-form), a. [Lacinia
lustre or brightness. Looking on it with direction of the goal as possible. (which see), and form.) In entomn. fringelack-lustre eye.' Shak.
Lacrymable, a. See LACHRYMABLE. shaped: applied by Kirby to the tegulæ of
Lack-lustre (lak'lus-têr), n. A want of Lacrymal, a. See LACHRYMAL. insects when they are long, irregular, and
lustre, or that which wants brightness. Lacrymary, a. See LACHRYMARY.
See under LAC, a resemble a little fringe on each side of the Lac-lake (lak'lāk), 11.
Lacrymose, a. See LACHRYMOSE. trunk, as in the Lithosia. resinous substance.
Lacs d'Amour (lak da-mör), 1. [Fr.) In Lacinula (la-sin'ü-la), n. [Dim. from L.
Lac-lunæ (lak'lū-nē), n. (L.) Lit, milk of her. a cord of running knots surrounding lacinia, a lappet.] In bot. (a) a small lacinia.
the moon; a snowy-white substance resem - the arms of unmarried women and widows. (6) The abruptly inflexed acumen or point
bling chalk. It consists almost wholly of Lactaget (lak'tāj), n. [0. Fr. lactage, Fr. of each of the petals of an umbelliferous
alumina, saturated with carbonic acid. laitage, from L. lae, Fr. lait, milk) The flower. Lacmus (lak’mus). See LITNUS.
produce of animals yielding milk; milk and Lacistemaceæ (las'is-tē-mā"sé-é), n.pl. [Gr. Laconian (la-ko'ni-an), n. An inhabitant milk products. 'Jilk, or rather cream, a lakistos, torn, rent.) A small natural order of
of Laconia, a division of ancient Greece. part of his lactage.' Shuckford. monochlamydeous exogenous shrubs, allied Laconian (la-ko'ni-an), a. Pertaining to Lactamide (lak'ta-mid), n.° (C, H, NO2.) A to the Euphorbiaceæ. The flowers are in Laconia or its inhabitants.
colourless, crystallizable, soluble substance catkins, the fruit a three-valved capsule. Laconic, Laconical (la-kon'ik, la-kon'ik-al), formed by the union of lactide and ammoOnly one genus, Lacistema, and about six a. [Fr. laconique; L. laconicus; from La
nia, whence the name. teen species are known; they are natives of conia, or Lacones, the Spartans. ] 1. Pertain- Lactant (lak'tant), 'a. (L. lactans, lactantis, tropical America.
ing to Laconia or its inhabitants. -- 2. Short; ppr. of lacto, to give suck; lac, milk.] SuckLack (lak), v.t. [O.E. lake, laik, blame, dis
brief; pithy; sententious; expressing much ling; giving suck. (Rare. ] grace, defect, lake, to blame or censure, lak, in few words, after the manner of the Spar- Lactarene, Lactarine (lak'ta-rēn, lak'tawant, lack; Sc. laik, failure, blame, &c., intans, who were Laconians; as, a laconic
rin), n. [L. lac, lactis, milk.) A preparalake, deficiency, decrease: D. laken, to blame, phrase.
tion of the casein of milk, extensively used 0.D. laecken, to fail, to decrease; Dan. lak,
King Agis, therefore, when a certain Athenian by calico-printers. fault, want, lakke, to decline, to wear away;
laughed at the Lacedæmonian short swords, . . Lactary (Tak'ta-ri), a. (L. lactarius, milky,
answered in his laconic way, And yet we can reach Icel. lakr, defective, lacking; by some con
from lac, milk.) Milky; full of white juice our enemies' hearts with them. Langhorne. nected with the verb to leak.] 1. To want;
like milk. “Lactary or milky plants.' Sir to be destitute of; not to have or possess;
3. Resembling the Laconians or Spartans in T. Browne. (Rare.)
severity; hard; stern; severe. hence, to need; to require.
Lactary (lak'ta-ri), n. [See the adjective.) Laconic (la-kon'ik), n. 1. Conciseness of
A dairy-house. (Rare.) If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God. language; laconism.
Lactate (lak'tāt), n. In chem. a salt of lacJames i. 5.
Shall we never again talk together in laconic! tic acid, or acid of sour milk. All the lac2. To feel the want of.
tates are soluble, and many of them uncrysI shall be loved when I am lacked, Shak. 2. A concise, pithy expression; something
tallizable. Lactate of urea is contained in 3.1 To find fault with; to blame. Chaucer; expressed in concise, pithy manner; a lacon
human urine. Piers Plowman.
ism. Lack (lak), v.i. To be in want.
Lactation (lak-tā'shon), n. [L. lacto, to give Laconically (la-kon'ik-al-li), adv. Briefly;
suck.) 1. The act of giving suck, or the time The young lions do lack, and suffer hunger. concisely; as, a sentiment laconically ex
of suckling.-2. In med the function of Ps. xxxiv. 1o.
pressed. 2. To be wanting. Laconics (la-kon'iks), n. A book of Pausan- Lacteal (lak'tē-al), a. (See LACTEOUS.) 1. Per
secreting and excreting milk. Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty Laconism, Laconicism (lak'on-izm, la-kon'ias, which treats of Laconia.
taining to or resembling milk; milky.-righteous. Lack (lak), n. i-sizm), n. (L. laconismus.] 1. A concise Lacteal (lak'tē-al), n. In anat. one of nu
2. Conveying chyle; as, a lacteal vessel. Want; destitution; need;
merous minute tubes which absorb or take
And I grow laconic even beyond laconicism, for He that gathered little had no lack. Ex. xvi. 18. sometimes I return only yes or no to questionary or
up the chyle or milk-like fluid from the aliLet his lack of years be no impediment. Shak. petitionary epistles of half a yard long. Pope.
mentary canal and convey it to the thoracic
duct. Lack, n. See LAC.
2. A brief sententious phrase or expression, Lacteally (lak'tē-al-li), adv. Milkily; in the Lackadaisical, Lackadaisy (lak-a-dā'zi * The laconism on the wall (Dan. iii. 25).' kal, lak-a-da'zi), a. Affectedly pensive; Sir T. Browne.
manner of milk. maudlinly sentimental. Laconize (lakon-iz), v.i. To imitate the
Lactean (lak'tē-an), a. 1. Milky; resembling
milk. Lackadaisy (lak'a-da-zi), exclam. Used Lacedæmonians either in spareness of living This lactean whiteness ariseth from a great num. ludicrously for Lack-a-day. or in short pithy speech.
ber of little stars constipated in that part of heaven. Lack-a-day (lak-a-dā'). [Contr. for alack-a- Lacquer, Lacker (lak'ér), n. [Fr. laque, lac.
Moxon. day. ) Exclamation of sorrow or regret; See LAC.) A varnish usually consisting of a 2. Lacteal; conveying chyle. alas !-alas! the day.
solution of shell-lac (sometimes sandarach, Lacteous (lak'tē-us), a. [L. lacteus, from Lackall (lak'al), n. A person thoroughly mastic, &c.) in alcohol, coloured by arnotto, lac, milk. ] 1. Milky; resembling milk.-.
destitute; a needy fellow. Unprofessionals, gamboge, saffron, and other colouring mat 2. Lacteal; conveying chyle; as, a lacteous lackalls, social nondescripts.' Carlyle. ters. Lacquers are used for varnishing vessel. Lackbeard (lak'bērd), n. One destitute of brass and some other metals in order to Lacteously (lak’tē-us-li), adv. In a lacteous beard. Shak.
give them a golden colour and preserve manner; milkily; lacteally. Lackbrain (lak brān), n. One that wants their lustre.
Lactescence (lak-tes'ens), n. 1. The state of brains, or is deficient in understanding. Lacquer, Lacker (lak'ér), v. t.
bei lactescent; milkiness or milky colour. Shak.
nish; to smear over with lacquer for the 2. In bot. the liquor which flows abundantly Lacker (lak'ér), n. One who lacks. Davies. purpose of improving the colour or preserv from a plant when wounded, commonly Lacker (lak'ér), n. Same as Lacquer, n. ing from tarnishing and decay.
white, but sometimes yellow or red. Lacker (lak'er), v.t. Same as Lacquer, v.t. Lacquered, Lackered (lak'érd), p. and a. Lactescent (lak-tes'ent), a. [L. lactescens, Lackey (lak'i), n. [Fr. laquais, from Sp. and Covered with lacquer; varnished.
lactesco, to become milk or milky, from Pg. lacayo, alacay, probably from Ar. Lacquerer, Lackerer (lak'ér-ér), n. One lacteo, to be milky, from lac, milk. ] 1. Belakiyy, attached to some one or something. who varnishes with lacquer.
coming milky; having a milky appearance Diez derives it from a radical seen in Pr. Lacrimoso (lak-ri-moʻzó). Same as Lagri or consistence. -- 2. Abounding in a thick lacai, a gourmand, so that it would have
coloured juice. the same origin as lecher (which see). ] 1. An La-crosse (la-kros'), n. A game at ball, ori Lactic (lak'tik), a. [L. lac, lactis, milk. attending servant; a runner; a footboy or ginating with the Indians of Canada, played Fr. lactique.] Pertaining to milk or profootman; hence, any servile follower. somewhat on the principle of football, ex cured from sour milk or whey. -- Lactic Like a Christian footboy, or a gentleman's lackey.
cept that the ball is carried on an imple acid (C21_03), an acid found in several aniShak. ment called a crosse, the player in posses mal liquids, and particularly in human