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life of The Earnest Man, as she calls the into the consideration of calmer and solate Dr. Judson, wbose career as a mission- berer miods. MR. CALVERT's Introduction ary in India was one of the most remarka to Social Science is a fruit of this second ble in the history of the church. It is stage of the process. It is a profound, founded on the documents collected in earnest and intelligent study the quesWayland's life, together with other origi- tions presented by the existing condition nal materials, and bas been prepared with and aspirations of society. A little too much judgment and skill.
abstract. perhaps, in its methods of treat-We have also a translation of the ing the subject, it yet abounds in orifamous Theologia Germanica," which set- ginal and weighty thoughts, and deserves teth forth many fair lineaments of divine the candid perusal of all reflective men, of truth, and saith very lofty and lovely those even who may not agree with the things touching a perfect life." It is a author in bis conclusions. The theme itsmall volume, of rare excellence in itself, self is so novel and comprebensive as to but with an enormous poreh ; for the title- admit of a wide variety of opinion-and page announces that it has been edited by yet it is so important as to demand the Dr. Pfeiffer, translated by Susannah Wink- most patient and zealous investigation. worth, prefaced by Charles Kingsley, ex Accepting the more practical parts of plained by Chevalier Bunsen, introduced Fourier's discoveries as to the organization by Calvin E. Stowe, and again historically of work, and rejecting the fantastic parts, introduced by the translator, to say nothing Mr. Calvert gives us a careful elucidation of an ancient introduction, which is also of its principles, and a most eloquent exquoted from Dr. Martin Luther. Yet all hortation to their application. He writes this is quite acceptable, unless we should with fervor and force, and, to reflective except the introduction of Mr. Stowe, the persons, bis little book will prove an acchief merit of which is that it is very brief. ceptable present. Mr. Kingsley's remarks are excellent, and -ROEMER’s Polyglot Reader, published by so are Bunsen's, wbile the translator's his D. Appleton & Co., is now complete, and is torical elucidation was necessary to show a most valuable addition to the list of text the origin of the work. Apart from its books designed for assistance in mastering exquisitely sweet and beautiful religious the living languages. Vol. I. consists of a spirit, this work has a historical value, in valuable series of English extracts; II., that it was one of those which quickened their translation, by Prof. Roemer, into the mighty soul of Luther in his trying French ; III., German, by Dr. Reinbard conflict with the papacy. The author of Solger; IV., Spanish, by Simon Camacho ; it is not known, except that he was a V., Italian, by Dr. Vincenzo Botta, thus priest and warden of the Teutonic Order serving as Mutual Keys to each other. of Frankfort, and one of the Friends of Commencing with the ordinary maxims, God,” a sect which sprung up in the four- proverbs, and moral reflections of life, it teenth century. It is not polemical in gradually proceeds to choice and familiar any sense-the principal doctrine being bistoric, romantic, and poetic extracts, jusimply, that sin is selfishness or self-will, diciously selected from the most prominent and godliness the love of goodness, because of the favorite English and American auit is goodness; but it is very thorough and thors. penetrating in its views, and most divine We bave examined each volume, and it is in its spirit. Let us add, that it is neatly but just to say that the editor, Professor printed in the old style of typography. Roemer, of the New York Free Academy,
-A new doctrine comes into the world, makes no claim for the value of the series, generally, like an alkali into an acid and which is not amply sustained. The names unfriendly medium, with a great deal of of the eminent scholars who bave assisted effervescence. It provokes fierce hostili- him are sufficient evidence of the quality ties at first, but these soon subside, and of their work. We remark, with pleasure, then it quietly addresses itself to the that the selections in our own literature reason. Such has been the case with the are made from the writings of some of the teachings of the socialists, which, after younger authors, as well as from the Ameri. arousing the enthusiasm of some, and the can classics; so that the foreign reader will heated opposition of others, have passed have a taste of the present flavor of our
literature. As a comparative view of the a glossary of a peculiar and interesting relative force and character of the vari kind. Under the title of College Words ouslanguages, the series is very interest and Customs, Mr. B. H. Hall bas collected ing and instructive. It is a valuable all the phrases which throw light upon the work, accomplished with fidelity and ele ways and manners, the morals and the life gance.
of students, in the English universities -A highly useful practical work is and the American colleges. There are Mr. Charles night's Knowledge is Power, hundreds of collegemen, in every State of edited in this country by David WELLS,
the Union, who will be glad to know of It is not a treatise on political economy so the existence of such a book, and to learn much as a familiar illustration of the more that it bas been carefully compiled, and to settled principles of that science. De us, ancient collegians as we are, it seems scribing the condition of industry at suc
remarkably full and accurate. The only cessive epochs, and showing the gradual fault we bave to find with the work is, that progress of man, from the savage to the
the author bas introduced a few illustrahigher civilized states, it explains the tions from Germany, which, as the book causes of the change in a most intelligent is confined to the Anglo-Saxon academies, and agreeable manner. Mr. Wells, with seem a little out of place. This, however, excellent judgment and information, has is a slight matter, nor ought we, perhaps, adapted the several chapters to the state to suggest that the style of the editor's of improvement and opinion in the United
preface shows that he has not sufficiently States. It is also enriched by many wood pondered his own excellent definition of cuts.
the formidable word “splurgy." He has -Mr. BARTLETT, of Cambridge, whose done his work, in the main, so judiciously little volume of “Familiar Quotations” and so well, that we will not quarrel with has already become a necessity to all bis adjectives, but simply wish all his lapeople who read and talk, has just issued bors the reward they merit.
Upon this height of the year which we city and its arts what everybody is doing now have reaebed, let us pause for awhile, now for himself and his affairs, to run O faithful reader, to survey the path over your eye with us over the accounts of the wbich we have thus far traveled together, last six months, we rely upon you not to and to discourse of the good and the ill, suspect us of levity, because we are not the present and the future, of our great lugubrious, but to remember Shakespeare's metropolis, in respect of those matters scorn of those-which, legitimately, or by a graceful al
il whose visages lowance, may occupy us in our monthly Do cream and mantle like a standing pool." conversation. Do not fancy, however, No! we shall converse with you, invisible that we desire to invite you to an over but beloved reader, through these our serious and didactic talk! By no means! columns, as we should desire to do, were Solemnity in palaver is the special attri we present with you in the body, upon bute of savages, and the affectation of so- themes to which we trust you are not lemnity is hateful to all wise and civilized wholly indifferent, and yet which we may men. It is the mask of mediocrity; the discuss together without unpleasantly ascrown and ermine of imbecility; the pomp sisting the calorific influences of this hot of pedagogues and prigs. You shall not July weather. find a sermon in your magazine ; and we For if you, Madame, who, robed in lovetrust you do not need to have us tell you liest muslin and seated where the favoring that we of the monthlies can mean ear breeze most freely trifles with your tremunestly, and talk earnestly, without putting lous ringlets, now honor us with your paron the gown and wig of the mighty quar- tial attention-or you, sir, who, flattering terlies. The thought and its formation your sun-strung nerves with the soothing are one thing, the word and its utterance magic of the post-prandial cigar, now drop another; and if we ask you to do for the a careless glance upon our pages if you
or both of you remember, as witnesses, all When imperial Rome was the “ umbilithat the winter and the spring have cus orbis," the magnetic mistress of the brought of shows and sbams, of gladness world's wealth, and industry, and art, and of sorrow, to our vast Babylon, you
there flourished beneath the sway of the will not be sorry, perhaps, to waste a Cæsars a hundred other royal towns, each moment's thought upon the sum of the of which was a planet in stateliness and whole matter. And surely, ye, whose splendor. Byzantium and Antioch. Athens name we rejoice to think is legion-ye, and Alexandria, Lyons and Milan, were citizens and citesses (it was the British names which even the lordly Roman heard Jacobins and not we who coined that ugly with a thrill of curiosity and desire, and word) of all the many cities, and towns, the lounger of the Via Sacra feared not and hamlets, and villages, whither the to tempt the highway or the sea in search servants of our queenly Maga wander, dis- of the marvels which made these names, pensing peace and pleasure, wit and wis and so many more, as sounds of sweet dom, from Maine to Mexico, from Nan music in his ear. tucket to California, ye surely will turn The glories of modern St. Petersburg no deaf ear to our talk of the doings and have not dimmed the ancient spell of Mosthe movements of this chief and central cow, and the traveler, even while he gazes hive, to which all the busiest bees of busy on the granite miracles of the Nevskoi America hourly bring their stores of boney. Prospect, dreams of the golden domes of
The spectre of centralization wbich dis- the Kremlin. So, too, in crowded Germays so many good democrats, need never many, there is one glory of Vienna, and alarm us in America. There is no danger another of Berlin, and another of Munich, that any wicked wag will soon have a and still another of Frankfort, though, right to say of the States at large, and of among them all, the Austrian capital rise New York, wbat poor Heine (be is dead first and fairest upon the fancy or the now; let his sins be forgotten, and his memory. And who does not know that, songs alone remembered !) used to say of while London has been dwarfing the traFrance and Paris, that the “opinions of ditions of antiquity, and astounding the the provinces were of no more importance boldness of modern speculation, a brood than the opinions of a man's legs; the of rich and flourishing cities has been head being the seat of thought!"
springing up and waxing mighty over all Such is the constitution of our society, the soil of Britain, from the Tay to the and such are the relations of the great Channel ? communities which make up our Union,
It is, indeed, in every possible respect, that we shall rather tend to resemble the desirable that every nation should possess galaxy that swarms with suns. than the one city in which every interest of man single system whereof this poor little world and of society is adequately represented of ours is by us considered to be so over and cared for. There may well be other whelmingly important a member.
places in which this or that industry, this But some one sun, larger and more bril or that science, this or that art, shall be liant than the others, there must always carried to the highest degree of special be, and the chances are clearly in favor of perfection, but it is hardly conceivable the preponderance that way of the world that there should be more than one great of New York. And this we say, without capital in which the importance of every one thought of offense to all the other branch of human effort shall be at once suns, actual or possible, of our political acknowledged in action, and balanced by and social heavens. In fact, it is very the presence and vitality of all other unreasonable for anyone to find fault branches of human effort. with the growth of our city toward a cos The tone of such a capital must tend tomopolitan rank. It is only in exceptional ward common sense and impartiality, and cases that the expansion in all directions the exaggerated estimate which men are of one leading city in a nation has been quite as apt to form of their parties, their purchased at the expense of the substantial pursuits, and their professions, as of their prosperity, the power, or even the attract- personal qualities and merits, will always iveness of sister cities, less universally be sagely chastised by metropolitan critiprominent.
cism. We are continually prone to forget
that the world is large enough for several garded as a mild form of fanaticism, by persons beside ourselves, and that the many of our readers, native as well as Creator, in summoning into existence the foreign, who will pooh-pooh us with eight or nine hundred millions of our fel- allusions, for instance, to the forlorn relow-men, may have intended to indicate treats in which the National Academy of that there were some objects worthy of at- Design is yearly compelled to hide itself, teation and aspiration, beside those which and to the successive shipwrecks to which happen to be dictated to ourselves by our gallant steeremen have conducted the particular tastes, and temperament, and Italian opera. And it is but a little while training.
since an accomplished stranger, M. Tajan From this unfortunate proclivity, men Rogé, took the pains to demonstrate to a and communities are continually recalled limited audience, in Clinton Hall, that the by the voice and the example of a great arts in America were, and always would capital. When our streets were crowded continue to be, exotics, hardly to be kept a month ago with all manner of clergy- alive in glass houses and with a liberal men and clergy women, with reformers and expenditure of artificial beat. Now M. philanthropists, from the east and west, Tajan Rogé is a clever man and said many and delegates of every degree of ortho- witty things, and the opinions of a gentledoxy and heterodoxy known to Christen man who tried, for twelve years, to natadom, a friend of ours, meeting us one day, ralize the French Theatre in St. Peterssaid: "I begin to perceive, now, that New burg, ought to be received with attention York is really a metropolis, for the con when he speaks of exotics. ventions of the old school Presbyterians But does even the history of the opera and the new school Presbyterians are both in New York support such melancholy open at the same time, and their proceed- conclusions ? Who that recalls those lovely ings are reported in the same papers !" summer nights at Castle Garden, wbo that
In the spirit of this remark lies the gist remembers the gracious circles of Astor of all the just praise of great cities." And Place, the Parma violets, and the brilliant of all the just blame of great cities, too,” arrays of beauty, recurring with a regudo you say? Ah! we know that impar- larity which enforced respect even from tiality is the next neighbor of indifference, the world of fashion, and made the most and that eclectic amiability is the mortal domineering of ball-givers bow to the sufoe of that enthusiasm without which no premacy of art, will bazard the assertion, great thing is possible. But we shall see that the opera, wisely conducted, cannot whether our great city is so cosmopolitan flourish in Gotbam? as to care for nothing. Our own private Or consider the Academy itself, whose conviction is, that such a charge (and it is very vastness testifies to an ambitious envery often made) is really the extreme of thusiasm which, if it oversbot its mark, injustice. Many a good thing goes unno did so by reason of its too bigh-vaulting ticed and unrewarded in New York, no force. doubt (as where does it not?); many a
The season just past, witnessed, indeed laudable enterprise comes to shame; many
the failure of the public to support the & flower blooms just as much unseen, and enterprise of one of the most enterprising just as sadly wastes its sweetness, as if it impresarios who had ever attempted to had sprung up in the desert and not beside manage our lyric drama. But was the the daily walk of a hundred thousand men. public wholly to blame? But, not seldom, the flower itself is at We owe much to Mr. Paine for the fault, and, more often still, the flower's spirited and resolute temper in which he friends, who will choose ill their season undertook his task ; but must we not own, and their place. For, of all the charities however reluctantly, that neither in the and of all the graces of life, we believe, composition of his corps, nor in the producthere is not one which might not now take tion of his operas, did he exhibit a judgfirm root among us, and grow thriftily and ment equal to his enterprise. Had he well, and find favor abundantly, would the sacrificed certain superfluous singers to right bands, directed by the right heads, secure for us the services of such a tenor but take cbarge of its fair fortunes. as Mirate, and such a contralto as Didiée ;
This belief of ours will, no doubt, be re had he pot dulled the edge of the public
appetite, in the opening of the season, with dancer who awakens our astonishment while unfortunate disappointments; had he even dancing on the tight-rope, loses something delayed the opening of the season for a of his miraculous grace when he descends fortnight, till the opera-going people bad to the earth and appeals to our admiration fairly shaken off the spell of the summer,
alone. And the opera of Luisa Miller, and settled themselves once again to the despite the enthralling plot which Verdi realities of their city life, his accounts has borrowed from Schiller's exciting dramight have told a very different tale, and ma of “Cabal and Love," is by no means he might have achieved in New York such an opera as could create a furore in such a success as he won in Boston and in New York, and account for the saccess Philadelphia, at a later period. These even of a brief season. The success of M. things we note, not forgetting how much Maretzek (wbich no one questions) must more Mr. Paine had to contend with in the doubtless be attributed to the real desire of inclemency of an unexampled season, and the public that the opera should not be in what we must consider the slightly un suffered to die, a desire real because rooted reasonable conduct of the stockholders of in a genuine love of music. So genuine is the Academy.
that love among our people, that of all the The decided success which attended the operas which M. Maretzek gave us, no one management of Mr. Maretzek at the end of attracted so vast an audience as the charmthe season, when it was fairly announced ing, inexhaustible, forever repeated and that the opera was to make one last strug- forever unhackneyed Soonambula. For gle for life, which unsuccessful, beds would ever repeated, we have said ; but we are immediately replace the boxes, and hospi- asbamed of ourselves for falling into such tal-patients crowd in where ladies failed a commonplace, which is as false as it is to come; the decided success which in these trite. We could count on our fingers the circumstances rewarded Mr. Maretzek's as number of the performances of the Sonsumption of the risks and responsibilities nambula in New York during the last three of this ultimate attempt, distinctly proves, pears! How strangely we all surrender to We think, that New York is not disposed to an oft-repeated phrase ! Everybody talks sacrifice the most refined and agreeable of of “La Sonnambula” as if it were the dramatic entertainments, the most effec- stock-piece of every lyric company we tive and graceful of all instrumentalities for have ever bad, and wben the vociferous cultivating and elevating the musical tastes boys besiege us on our way from Union of a community. For Mr. Maretzek gave us Place, with their sharp cries of “ Bk-the no specially attractive novelties. The opera!" we wonder at the infatuation of most unfamiliar operas which he produced the urchins, who might just as well, we for us, Martha and Luisa Miller, were nei think, be pressing upon pablic attention ther very remarkable in themselves, nor late copies of Mother Goose's Melodies, absolutely new to our opera-goers. Martha or Hail Columbia. But the truth is no is certainly a very agreeable apotheosis of body hears or ever has heard the Sondamthe “ Last Rose of Summer," (why was it bula half as often as he would like to hear not given us, by the way, as an appropriate it. No wonder, then, that it filled Mr. finale of the season ?) and Luisa Miller is Maretzek's seats for him, to that gentle interesting as the attempt of the noisiest of man's buge content, and the great improvemodern maestri to prove that he could ment of the appearance of the Academy. dispense with noise if he pleased, and charm Music neglected in New York! They the world be had so long confounded. stigmatize us abroad as a nation of stockWhat is falsely told of Raphael, that he jobbers, and preposterous Gauls waste tried in his picture of Isaiah to prove that
their wit upon “ les daddys de comptoir" he could paint in the manner of Michael who come to Paris to worsen their French Angelo, is true of Verdi in his Luisa Miller. and their morals ; but the truth is that, in He bas deliberately abandoned his own numbers at least, the financiers of New field of triumph, in which he has so long York bear no proportion to its fiddlers. lorded it over the nerves of his hearers, to The German city alone which our fostering seek his laurels in the ground where those arms enclose (it numbers eighty thousand of Rossini and of Donizetti grew ; nor has strong, they tell us) would redeem us from he been wholly unsuccessful. But then a charges so extravagant. We shall next