Imágenes de páginas

to be a native of Korasan, for it comes an- of flower, and berries which are eaten by nually into Arabia, in pursuit of the swarms children. The Merium Obesim, a sort of of locusts, of which it destroys incredible laurel-rose, is remarkable for a singular numbers. Mr. Forskal ranks it among the bulb, close to the earth, and of the size of thrushes, and calls it Turdus Seleucus. The a man's head, which forms all its trunk, services done by this bird in countries ex- and out of which the branches spring. posed to the ravages of those insects, have “ The sandy plains are almost destitute given rise to several ridiculous and super- of trees, only a few palms are scattered stitious practices in Syria. It is thought here and there. to be attracted from Korasan by water, “ The Indian fig-tree is very common. which is for this end brought from a dis. The tamarind is equally useful and agreetance with great ceremony, and preserved able. It has a pulp of a vineous taste, of in a stone reservoir on the top of the tower which a wholesome refreshing liquor is of a mosque. When this water fails, the prepared. Its shade shelters houses from inhabitants of Mosul are in despair. But the torrid heat of the sun, and its fine figure as this bird's instincts prompt it not only greatly adorns the scenery of the country. to feed on locusts, but to kill as many of The inhabitants are also fond of raising them as possible, it naturally follows these over their houses the shade of the Indian insects in the course of their passage. fig-tree.

The Achjal is famous for two beautiful “ The Elcaya and Keura are two trees feathers with which the Highlanders adorn famous for their perfume; the former is their bonnets, and to preserve which unin- common on the hills of Yemen, and the jured the bird it seems, leaves a hole in its women steep its fruit in water, which they nest.—Ibid.

use for washing and perfuming the head. the second bears some resemblance to the

palm, and produces flowers of a rich and “ Tue swarms of locusts darken the air, delicious smell. These flowers are sold at a and appear at a distance like clouds of high price, as the Keura is rather a scarce smoke; the noise they make in flying is plant. But one little knot, if preserved in frightful and stunning, like that of a water

a cool place, will long continue to diffuse fall.

its odours through a whole apartment. “ The Termite infests Arabia, it is there

“ There are several trees or shrubs of called Arda.

the genus Mimosa. One of these trees “ In the sandy deserts grows a plant of droops its branches whenever any person a new genus named Moscharia by M. For approaches it, seeming as if it saluted those skal on account of its musky smell.”—Ibid. who retire under its shade. This mute hos

pitality has so endeared this tree to the

Arabians, that the injuring or cutting of “ CAYDBEJA, called by Sir C. Linnæus, it down is strictly prohibited. Another of Forskalea, in honour of Mr. F., grows in these, Mimosa Selam, produces splendid the driest places of the country. It has flowers, of a beautiful red colour,' with which small feelers, with which it fixes itself so the Arabians crown their heads on the tenaciously upon stuffs and other smooth days of their festivity. The leaves of bodies that it is torn in pieces before it can another, Mimosa Orfæta, preserve camel's be removed. “ The Volutella is a very extraordinary

I“ That with such pride she tricked

Her glossy tresses, and on holy-day plant, being, properly a long slender thread,

Wreathed the red flower-crown round without root or leaves, which entwines it- Their waves of glossy jet ?” self about trees; it bears, however, a sort

Thalaba, Book third.-J. W. W.

milk from becoming sour, so that it retains

Exposure of Prince Edwin. all its sweetness for several days. “ The Indian fig tree grows to a great

A. D. 938. A certain court lord, enemy age, the new shoots from the branches of to Prince Edwin, the king's brother, acthe primary stem continuing to nourish the

cused the young prince of being concerned top of the tree, even after the parent stock

in Alfred's conspiracy. The king too reais entirely decayed.

dily gave ear to this accusation. He was “ Of pumpkins and melons several sorts easily induced to believe that a prince in grow naturally in the woods, and serve for whose favour the conspiracy was formed, feeding camels. But the proper melons are

was not innocent. It may be too, he was planted in the fields, where a great variety not sorry to find him guilty, as it gave him of them is to be found, and in such abund

an opportunity to despatch him out of the ance, that the Arabians of all ranks use them, way. However, he would not put him to for some part of the year, as their principal death publicly, but ordered him to be exarticle of food. They afford a very agree-posed to the fury of the waves, in a vessel

without sails or rudder. The young prince able liquor. When the fruit is nearly ripe, a hole is pierced into the pulp; this hole is

went on board, protesting his innocence; then stopped with wax," and the melon left but finding the king inexorable, he cast upon the stalk ; within a few days the pulp himself headlong into the sea. His esquire, is, in consequence of this process, converted who was put on board with him, remained, into a delicious liquor.”—Ibid.

and was driven on shore at a place called Whitsand, on the coast of Picardy. Atbelstan repented, and built Middleton, now

called Melton Abbey, in Dorsetshire."2— Black Stone of the Kaba.


* In the Kaba is the famous black stone, said to have been brought by the angel Ga

Arabian Hospitality. briel in order to the construction of that edi. fice. It was at first of a bright white co- “ With the Arabs either a round skin 3 is lour, so as even to dazzle the eyes at the laid on the ground for a small company, or distance of four days' journey ; but it wept large coarse woollen cloths for a great so long and so abundantly for the sins of number spread all over the room, and about mankind, that it became at length opaque, ten dishes repeated six or seven times over and at last absolutely black."-Ibid. laid round at a great feast, and whole sheep

and lambs boiled and roasted in the middle. When one company has done, another sits

round, even to the meanest, till all is conWell of Zemzem.

sumed. And an Arab prince will often “ Hagar, when banished by her master, dine in the street before his door, and call set Ismael down while she should find some

to all that pass, even beggars, in the usual water to quench his thirst. Returning after expression, Bisimillah, that is in the name an unsuccessful search, she was surprised to

of God; who come and sit down, and when see a spring bursting up between the child's they have done, give their Hamdellilah, legs. That spring is the present well of Zemzem."-Ibid.

? See Speed's remark, " He built the two that is, God be praised; for the Arabs are drop off, the tree is weakened by it, and great levellers, put every body on a footing very often is broke down by the wind; the with them; and it is by such generosity and diameter of the tree being little more than hospitality that they maintain their interest." a foot, and not above eight or nine inches -PococКЕ. .

monasteries of Midleton and Michelnesse, as for I “ Whither is gone the boy ?

the most part such seed-plots were ever sown in He had pierced the Melon's pulp,

the furrows of blood.” P. 340.-J. W. W. And closed with wax the wound," &c. 3 “Before the tent they spread the skin,” &c. Thalabu, Second Book.-J. W. W.

Ibid.-J. W. W.

when the ends of the boughs drop off; and if the tree is weak towards the bottom they

raise a mound of earth round, and it shoots Palm Tree.

out abundance of small roots along the side “ The palm or date tree is of great use of the tree, which increase its bulk so that in this country (Egypt); and deserves a the earth being removed, the tree is better particular description. For three or four able to resist the wind. The palm-tree years no body of a tree appears above grows very high in one stem, and is not of ground, but they are as in our green-houses. a proportionable bulk; it has this peculiarity If the top is cut off, with the boughs coming that the heart of the tree is the softest and from it, either then or afterwards, the young least durable part, the outer parts being bud and the ends of the tender boughs the most solid; so that they generally use united together at top, are a delicate food, the trees entire on the tops of their houses, something like chesnuts, but much finer, and or divide them only into two parts. A sort is sold very dear. This tree being so fruit- of bough shoots out, and bears the fruit in ful, they rarely cut off the top, unless the a kind of sheath, which opens as it grows. tree is blown down; though I have been The male bears a large bunch something told, that part of it may be cut away without like millet, which is full of a white flower, hurting the tree. The boughs are of a grain and unless the young fruit of the female is like cane; and when the tree grows larger, impregnated with it, the fruit is good for a great number of stringy fibres seem naught; and to secure it, they tie a piece of to stretch out from the boughs on each this fruit of the male to every bearing branch side, which cross one another in such a man

of the female. The fruit of the date, when ner that they take out from between the fresh, eats well roasted, and also prepared boughs a sort of bark like close net-work ; as a sweet-meat: it is esteemed of a hot and this they spin out with the hand, and nature, and as it comes in during the winwith it make cords of all sizes, which are ter, being ripe in November, Providence mostly used in Egypt. They also make of seems to have designed it as a warm food, it a sort of brush for cloaths. Of the leaves during the cold season, to comfort the stothey make mattresses, baskets, and brooms; mach, in a country where it has not given and of the branches all sorts of cage-work, wine ; it is proper to drink water with it as square baskets for packing, that serve for they do in these countries, and so it bemany uses instead of boxes; and the ends comes a good corrective of that cold eleof the boughs that grow next to the trunk, ment."--PocockE. being beaten like flax, the fibres separate, and being tied together at the narrow end

Thebaic Palm. they serve for brooms. These boughs do not fall off of themselves in many years, “ In the upper parts of Egypt they have even after they are dead, as they die after a palm tree called the Dome, the stem does five or six years ; but, as they are of great not grow high, but there soon shoot out use, they commonly cut them off every from it two branches, and from each of year (unless such as are at a great distance them two others, and so for four or five from any town or village), leaving the ends times each branch divides into two. The of them on the tree, which strengthen it leaf is of a semicircular figure, about three much; and when after many years they | feet diameter, and is very beautiful. The


fruit is oval, about three inches long and

Port des Français. two wide.

The flesh on it is about a quarter of an inch thick; but it is dry and

Port des Français, on the north-west husky, having something of the taste of coast of America. The Bay is perhaps the ginger-bread; they therefore make holes most extraordinary place in the world. To in it and moisten it with water. Under

form a conception of it, let us suppose a this there is a shell, and within that a large

bason of water, of a depth in the middle kernel which is hollow within; so that,

that could not be fathomed, bordered by making a hole through it when it is

peaked mountains of an excessive height,

green, it serves for a snuff-box, and turned when covered with snow, without a blade of dry makes very fine beads that have a

grass upon this immense collection of rocks polish like marble. They are much used

condemned by Nature to perpetual sterility. by the Turks, who bring them from Mecca.

I never saw a breath of air ruffle the surface I have called it the Thebaic palm." of this water; it is never troubled but by PococКЕ. .

the fall of enormous pieces of ice, which continually detach themselves from five

different glaciers, and which, in falling, Indians of Chili.

make a noise that resounds far in the moun66 The Indians of Chili are no longer those

tains. The air is in this place so very calm, Americans who were inspired with terror and the silence so profound, that the mere by European weapons. The increase of voice of a man may be heard half a league horses, which are now dispersed through off, as well as the noise of some sea-birds the interior of the immense deserts of Ame- which lay their eggs in the cavities of these rica, and that of oxen and sheep which has rocks.”—PEROUSE. also been very great, have converted these people into a nation of Arabs, comparable in every respect to those that inhabit the

Duty of a Conqueror. deserts of Arabia. Constantly on horseback,

“ C'est à un Conquérant à réparer une they consider an excursion of 200 leagues partie des maux qu'il a fait. Je définis as a very short journey. They march, ac

ainsi le droit de conquête: un droit nécompanied by their flocks and herds, feed cessaire, légitime, et malheureux, qui laisse upon their flesh and milk, and sometimes toujours à payer une dette immense, pour upon their blood;' and cover themselves s'acquitter envers la nature humaine.”— with their skins, of which they make hel

MONTESQUIEU, lib. 10, ch. 4. mets, cuirasses and bucklers. Hence it appears that the introduction of two domestic animals has had a decisive influence upon the manners of all the tribes which inhabit Copy of a Letter from a Farmer's Daughter, the country from St. Jago to the Straits of

1798. Mogellan. All their old customs are laid “ DEAR Miss, aside; they no longer feed on the same “ The energy of the races prompts me fruits, nor wear the same dress; but have

to assure you that my request is forbidden, a more striking resemblance to the Tartars, the idea of which I had awkwardly nouor to the inhabitants of the banks of the rished, notwithstanding my propensity to Red Sea, than to their ancestors who lived

Mr. T. will be there. Let me two centuries

with confidence assure you that him and bleed their oxen and horses, I I have been assured that they sometimes

' I think this queer letter is given in Espri: blood.

ELLA's Letters, but I cannot immediately light upon the reference.-J. W. W.





brothers will be very happy to meet you mémoire, a tiré sur le peuple avec une caand brothers. Us girls cannot go for rea- rabine.' L'histoire dit que ce meurtrier tirait

The attention of the cows claims par la fenêtre de sa chambre sur ses malour assistance in the evening. Unalterably heureux sujets, qui pour éviter le massacre yours.

cherchaient à traverser la Seine à la nage." —Fragments sur Paris, par MEYER. Traduits de l'allemand,


DUMOURIEZ. Raisciac and his Son. " In the wars which King Ferdinand made against the widow of John, King of

Master of Merry Disports. Hungary, about Buda, a man-at-arms was " In the feast of Christmas there was in particularly noted of all men for so much the king's house, wheresoever he was lodged, as in a certain skirmish he had shewed a lord of misrule, or master of merry disexceeding prowess of his body; and though ports; and the like had ye in the house of unknown, being slain, was highly commen- every nobleman of honour or good worship, ded and much bemoaned of all; but yet were he spiritual or temporal. Among the of none so greatly as of a German lord which the Maior of London and either of the called Raisciac, as he that was amazed at Sheriffs, had their several Lords of Misrule, so rare vertue. His body being recovered ever contending, without quarrel or offence, and had off, this lord, led by a common who should make the rarest pastimes to decuriositie, drew neere unto it, to see who light the beholders. These lords beginning it might be, and having caused him to be their rule at Alhallond Eve, continued the disarmed, perceived him to be his own sonne; same till the morrow after the feast of the which known did greatly augment the com- Purification, commonly called Candlemaspassion of all the camp; he only, without day. In all which space, there were fine framing word, or closing his eyes, but earnest- and subtle disguisings, masks and mummely viewing the dead body of his son stood ries, with playing at cards for counters nails still upright, till the vehemencie of his sad and points, more for pastimes than for gain." sorrow, having suppressed and choaked his -Stow's Survey. vital spirits, felld him stark dead to the ground.”—MONTAIGNE, b. 1. ch. 2.

Christmas Evergreens.

“ Against the feast of Christmas, every Charles, Duke of Burgundy.

man's house, as also their parish churches, “ Carolus Pugnax, that great Duke of

were decked with holm, ivie, bays, and whatBurgundy, made H. Holland, late Duke of soever the season of the year afforded to Exeter, exiled, runne after his horse like a be green. The conduits and standards in lackey, and would take no notice of him.”

the streets were likewise garnished. Among COMINBs. Burton's Anat. of Melancholy.

the which I read that in the year 1444, by tempest of thunder and lightning, on the 1st of February, at night, Paul's steeple was

fired, but with great labour quenched ; and Massacre of Saint Bartholomew. towards the morning of Candlemas-day, at “ Sur le quai du Louvre au bas d'une the Leaden-hall, in Cornhill, a standardfenêtre dont la vue donne sur la rivière, on tree being set up in the midst of the pavea mis une inscription relative au massacre ment, fast in the ground, nailed full of de la Saint Barthélemi. C'est de cette fe- holm and ivie, for disport Christmas to nêtre que l'infâme Charles IX. d'exécrable the people, was uptorn and cast down by

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