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safety to their distance.”—Douglas's East and few subsidy-men; and therefore no Coast of Scotland, p. 185.

way concerned in the election.'

“ A man having but forty shillings a year

freehold, hath as great a voice in the elec“ Thomas Hollis, the eccentric repub- tion as any; and yet this man is never a lican wrote these lines characteristic enough subsidy-man, and therefore no way conof such republicans,

cerned in the election for his own particular: “ I freely declare it, I am for Old Noll, and when the statute was made, forty shilThough his government did a tyrant re- lings it was then twenty pound in value now. semble,

And it were a great quiet to the state if it He made England great and her enemies were reduced to that; and then gentlemen tremble."

would be looked upon, and it would save Memoirs of T. HOLLIS, p. 289. the ministers a great deal of pains, in

preaching from their own churches.” WHITELOCKE's History of the Parlia- Nalson, vol. 1, pp. 279-80. “A paper sent ment of England, and of some resemblances to the Secretary of State by Mr. Nevil of to the Jewish and other councils. MSS. Cressing Temple, the unsuccessful candiwere given by Hollis to the British Mu- date, whose life was threatened. “It was said

among the people that if Nevil had the day,

they would tear the gentleman to pieces.'” “ They magnified the New Invention of Calvin at Geneva calling it 'the Pattern in the Mount.'”—Matson, xxxvii.

An intercepted letter from Scotland, See Barrow concerning the opposers of but written apparently by an Englishman Episcopacy, vol. 3, p. 113.

-(1640) says,

we know as well what the honest king does in his bedchamber, as that

papist wench that lies by his side, who is 1639. “In many places the elections were

the only animator on of the best sort of men managed with much popular heat and tu

that are against us. For to say honestly, mult by the countenance of those English

as God bade, there are divers commanders nobility and gentry of the Scottish faction. or brave men of that whorish religion ; but At the County election for Essex, for in- woe be to them and their posterity, for the stance the Earl of Warwick made good

close-fisted chiel will forget them as he use of his lord lieutenancy, in sending let- doth poor Reuen (Ruthen, Governor of ters out to the captains of the Train-bands,

Ed. Castle) who is like to die of a flux who having power to charge the people

with sour drink if God give the victory to with arms, durst not offend, which brought

For the lords, we had a trial of many of his side.' - . Those ministers who them last year; they have been most of them gave their voices for my Lord of Warwick, gotten with Luneys (?) and Jockeys (Jacoas Mr. Marshal and others, preached often

buses ?) save three or four which we fear out of their own parishes before the elec

will be too honest and too ceremonious to a tion. Our corporation of Essex consisting

king which hath not a heart to reward the most of Puritans, and having had their

brave but will spend thousands upon a voices in electing their own burgesses, and

mask or brave organs."—NALson, vol. 1, p. then to come to elect knights, is more than

509, i. e. 409—the book being more inaccuthe greatest lord of England hath in their rately paged than any I remember to have boroughs; the multiplicity of the people are mean-conditioned, and most factious,


his own.




17th Nov. 1640. “ CORNELIUS BURGESS | Palatine of Chester against episcopacy and preached before the House of Commons on the liturgy, as anti-christian and unlawful. Jer. 1. 5. • They shall ask the way to Zion This was not welcome to those lords who with their faces thitherward, saying, Come favoured the faction; and therefore offence and let us join ourselves unto the Lord in was taken at some unfit and indiscreet an everlasting covenant that shall not be words in Sir T. Aston's petition, for which forgotten.'

he received a reprehension from the House. ". You cannot,' said he,' be ignorant of However, Walker and the others were likethe many murmurs, and more than whis- wise sent for, and received also a gentle perings of some desperate and devilish con- rebuke for their offence,- a slender punishceptions, suspected to be now in the womb ment for so notorious a piece of forgery.”— of the Jesuitical faction; therefore it be- Nalson, vol. 1, p. 795. comes you above all others to be first in a covenant. 2ndly, that till they did this, there could not be such a full enjoying of “ The petitions were framed generally by God as otherwise there might be, and we Dr. Burgess' his junto in London pro re might have much more of God even in this natâ, and transmitted to their corresponlife than now we have, if we could be per- dents, who by persuasions and threatenings, suaded to such a covenant with him. 3rdly, and all the methods imaginable procured Consider that whatever work God calls you hands to them.”—Ibid. p. 799. to, you w

will never buckle thoroughly to it, till you have entered into covenant with him. 4thly, As if he were resolved to verify 1644. “ A HAPPY thing it were," says that of the poet, Flectere si nequeo Supe- Richard Boothby, “ both for them (the Maros, Acheronta movebo, he draws argu- dagascar-men) and this kingdom, if that ments for covenanting from wicked men project had or should go forward, which a and devils, For, says he, wicked men stick gentleman of Huntingdonshire, bred a mernot at a covenant with death and hell. chant, in love told me; which he heard Nay, 5thly, Consider that the devil himself from others, or rather as I understand it, will have a covenant from all his vassals from Bishop Moreton's own mouth ; that if that expect any extraordinary matters from the bishops of England, lately dismissed him. There is not a witch that hath the from voting in Parliament, and tyrannizing devil at her back, but she must seal a cove- in temporal authority, should still continue nant with him, sometimes with her blood.” | in disrespect with the king and Parliament, - Nalson, vol. 1, p. 532.

they, or most part of them, would go and STEPHEN MARSHAL preached on the same plant a colony in Madagascar, and endeaday to the same purpose, and they had each vour to reduce those ignorant souls to a piece of plate bestowed upon them by christianity."—HARLEIAN Collection of Voyorder of the House out of the Charity ages, &c. vol. 2, p. 635. money which was gathered from the members at the Communion upon Sunday, 29th. -Ibid.

" Tel qui n'avoit qu'une disposition me533. p.

diocre à devenir fanatique le devient jusqu'

à l'exces par l'émotion que lui causent les April, 1641. “ Sir THOMAS Aston peti- idées de la guerre; et comme les esprits tioned the House of Lords setting forth sont alors dans l'inquietude, ils croient plus that one Ilenry Walker and some other aisement tout ce qu'ils entendent dire de stationers had printed and dispersed a coun- prodigieux.”—BAYLE, Pensées sur la Comète, terfeit petition as in the name of the county, vol. 2, p. 320.




He then quotes Seneca, “ Alios cito timor | life, as Cromwell did on that occasion.”sibi reddit, alios vehementius perturbat, et ORME's Life of Owen, p. 160. in dementiam transfert. Inde inter bella erravere lymphatici ; nec usquam plura exempla vaticinantium invenies, quam ubi “ LA fanatisme, ce n'est point par des formido mentes, religione mixtâ, percussit.” livres in-folio qu'il s'accroît. C'est sur-tout SENECA. Nat. quæst. 1. 6, c. 29.

par ces discours publics appellés sermons :

c'est par les entretiens particuliers qui acThe Jansenists also taught that the

compagnent la direction des ames." — LIN

GUET, Hist. des Jesuites, vol. 1, p. 188. saints are the only lawful proprietors of the world.-See MOSHEIM, vol. 4, p. 380.

“ In the first years of the war," says

AitBishop Hacket says of Charles, he “had ZEMA, of his countrymen the Dutch,“ when a quality to his life's end (I will call it they might easily have helped the king they humility; it is somewhat like it, but it is would not help him; all here including

Afternot it,) to be easily persuaded out of his the preachers were against him. own knowledge and judgment, by some

wards when he, his affairs and his whole whom he permitted to have power upon family lay prostrate, then they helped him him who had not the half of his intellec- with sermons and poems and ballads, upon tuals.”—Life of Williams, p. 164.

which a war followed under the name of retorsie,—but then it was too late." — Vol.

1, p. 536. CROMWELL laid Manasseh Ben Israel's proposal before a meeting " composed of

CHARLES and his Parliamenttwo judges, seven citizens of London, and

“ Postulabant, non ut assequerentur, sed the divines. The judges considered their

causam seditioni. Et Flaccus, multa contoleration merely as a point of law, and de

cedendo, nihil aliud effecerat, quam ut acrius clared they knew of no law against it; and

exposcerent, quæ

sciebant negaturum.". that if it were thought useful to the state

Tacitus. Hist. 1. 4, c. 19. they would advise it. The citizens viewed it in a commercial light, and as probably they had different trade interests, they

BE it remembered that what the specuwere divided in their opinions about its utility. Both these however dispatched the lative English Republicans admired was the matter briefly. But most of the divines Venetian Government;—the most merciless violently opposed it, by text after text, for and inquisitorial tyranny that ever existed. four whole days. Cromwell was at length wearied, and told them he had hoped they would throw some light on the subject to Who was the judge under Charles II. direct his conscience; but instead of this, who in Cromwell's time proposed to apthey had rendered it more obscure than be- prentice the Dean of Gloucester to some fore: he desired therefore no more of their good trade ?-South, vol. 3, p. 309. Note. counsels, but lest he should do any thing rashly, he begged a share in their prayers. Sir Paul Ricaut, who was then a young

“ Nothing was safe above ground. A man, pressed in among the crowd, and said man was forced to bury his bags, to keep he never heard a man speak so well in his himself alive.”—Ibid. vol. 3, p. 310.






p. 435.

p. 1293.

that "

Tue Puritan preachers addressed the “EDWARD, the black Lord Herbert" (of women, “ daughters of Sion and matrons of Cherbury ? sic opinor,)“ upon hearing the the New Jerusalem, as they called them- Scots' demands of £40,000 per month, adselves.”—See the passage, South, vol. 3, p. vised the king not to accede to it, but to 402.

fortify York against them. Reason of

state,' he said, 'having admitted fortification It was proposed to execute Charles “in of our most inland towns against weapons his robes, and afterwards drive a stake used in former times, it may as well admit through his head and body, to stand as a

fortification against the weapons used in monument upon his grave!”—Ibid. vol. 3, these times. But he mistook the spirit of

the times when he added that towns have

been observed always averse to wars and Orders to examine his body !—Ibid. p. tumults

, as subsisting by the peaceable ways

of trade and traffic; insomuch that when 437.1

either great persons for their private interTo these battles what SCALIGER says

ests, or the commons for their grievances, upon the death of the two Larals is appli- have taken arms, townsmen have been noted cable.-“ Nam clades æstimandæ, non nu

ever to continue in their accustomed loyalty

and devotion.'”–RUSHWORTH, vol 2, pt. 2, merandæ sunt: neque interest quot homines sed quos amiseris.”—Ep. 182, p. 380.

He had forgotten Ghent, Constantinople,

Rome. Large towns where is a populace, CLARENDON says

no question our will always be hot-beds of sedition. gamesters learned much of their play from Davila."-State Papers, vol. 2. p. 334.

“ PROJECTS and monopolies are but leak

ing conduit-pipes, the exchequer itself at Nalson's papers were in the hands of ken one; frequent parliaments only are the

the fullest, is but a cistern, and now a broDr. Williams, senior Fellow of St. John's, fountain."-SIR B. RUDYARD. Ibid. 1341. Cambridge. Twenty volumes about. CARTE's Preface to Life of Ormond.

What Sir B. Rudyard ascribed to the Papists, the Puritans were actually doing.

-C. 12. Cromwell's age. “ SURELY they that quarrel betwixt 1640. “I HAVE often thought and said, preaching and prayer, and would have them that it must be some great extremity that contend, never meant well to either.”—SIR would recover and rectify this state; and BENJ. RUDYARD. RushwORTH, vol. 2, pt. 2, when that extremity did come, it would be

a great hazard whether it might prove a

remedy or ruin. We are now, Mr. Speaker, “I know not how it comes to pass, but upon that vertical point."-Sir B. Rudit happeneth to us, which is in no other re- YARD. RUSHWORTH, vol. 2, pt. 2, p. 1358. ligion in the world, that a man may be too religious: and many one by that scandal is frighted into a deep dissimulation.”—Ibid.

“ Et quoniam Deus ora movet, sequar ora

moventem 1 See Note at the end of “ Letters ning

Rite Deum ; Delphosque meos, ipsumque Cromwell's Age."


p. 1130.




to work during his life.'”—Ibid. vol. 3, pt.

Æthera ; et augustæ reserabo oracula men

tis." Ovid's Met. xv. p. 143. This was the feeling of G. Fox, and of every other ignorant enthusiast in that age.

1, p. 559.

SERJEANT MAYNARD, the best old book lawyer of his time, used to say that “the law was ars bablativa."--Life of Lord K. Guildford, vol. 1, p. 26.

“ THE likeness of the standard was much of the fashion of the City streamers used at the Lord Mayor's show, having about twenty supporters, and was carried after the same way. On the top of it hangs a flag, the King's arms quartered, with a hand pointing to the crown, which stands above with this motto, "Give Cæsar his due.'

“ Sir Thomas Brooks, Sir Arthur Hopton, Sir Francis Wortley, and Sir Robert Dadington were the four chief knights baronets appointed to bear it.”—Ibid.



The time fixed for the Irish massacre was St. Ignatius's day.-RUSHWORTH, vol. 3, pt. 1. p. 398.

Jan. 12, 1641. " WHEN Sir J. Hotham was that day

" The partizans of the Commonwealth made governor of Hull, with orders not were no losers by their disloyalty. But the to deliver it up, or the magazine, or any

ruinous effects of this contest to the one part thereof, without the King's authority party and not to the other, are to be acsignified by the Lords and Commons in counted for, not merely from the vindictive Parliament,' to hasten this order down to spirit of the parliament, and the easy naHull, John Hotham his son was ordered ture of Charles II. equally disinclined to to go immediately with the same, and he, reward and to punish, but from the sour then standing up in the gallery of the House and parsimonious temper of the Puritans, of Commons, thus expressed himself, “Mr. and the extravagant jollity and license of Speaker; fall back, fall edge, I will go the Royalists."—WHITAKER's Craven, p.35. down and perform your commands.'”—Ibid. vol. 3, pt. 1, p. 496.

Ar Gisburne Park a picture of Cromwell,

by Sir Peter Lely. “ This,” says DR. 3 April, 1642.

WHITAKER, “ gives a truer, that is a worse “ DEPOSITIONS were made before the idea, of the man, than any portrait of him House of Commons, that one Edward which I have seen. It is said to have been Sandeford, a taylor of the City of London, taken by his own order, with all the warts had called the Earl of Essex, the Earl of and protuberances which disfigured his Warwick and the parliament traitors, curst countenance. On the canvass is painted the parliament and wished the Earl of the word Now, which probably alludes to Warwick's heart in his boots, and King his peremptory mandate for the immediate Pym and Sir John Hotham both hanged. execution of the King. This was brought They sent for him to the bar of the house, from Calton Hall, and seems to have been and the sentence pronounced upon him by his own present to Lambert."-Ibid. the Speaker was that he should be fined to our sovereign lord the King 100 marks, stand on the pillory in Cheapside and West- “It was a tradition at Broughton Hall minster; be whipped from thence at a (in Craven), that a son of the family cart's tail, the first day to the Fleet, the shot on the lawn; and that the village had second day to Bridewell, and there be kept | been so compleatly pillaged of common


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