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physician and medical writer, whose principal | CUNNINGHAM, William, a physician of works are, “Synopsis Nosologæ Methodicæ, Ed-|London, greatly distinguished as an astronomer, inb., 1772, 2 vols. 8vo.;" Lectures on the Mate-Ildied after 1563. ria Medica, Lond." 4to. "First lines of the Prac- CUNNINGHAM, John, an elegant and intice of Physic, 1776," 8vo. (This is said to havellgenious pastoral poet and a dramatic writer, produced him 30002.) “Institutions of Medi-born in Dublin, 1 cine, Part I., containing Physiology,'' 8vo. “ On||1773. the Recovery of Drowned Persons ;” and “ All CUNNINGHAM, Alexander, a native of ScotTreatise on the Materia Medica," 2 vols. 4to., land, author of "A History of Great Britain, 1789. He was born in Lanarkshire, and died from the Revolution in 1688 to the Accession of February 5, 1790.
George I." This work was written in Latin, CULLUM, sir John, an Englishman, who pub-lland lay in manuscript till 1787 ; when a faithful lished the history and antiquities of Hawsted, I translation of it into English was made by Suffolk ; he died in 1785.
| William Thompson, LL.D., and published in CULMER, Richard, a violent fanatic in Eng- 12 vols. 4to. The work was undoubtedly well land, who was employed by parliament to break deserving of publication; as it contains the hisdown and deface images, &c.
tory of a very interesting period, written by one CULPEPER, Nicholas, was educated at Cam-l/ who had a considerable degree of authentic inbridge, and bound apprentice to an apothecary ;sformation, and comprises many curious particubut employed all his leisure hours in the study ||lars unknown to other bistorians. The author of astrology, which fallacious science he after-died 1737, at the advanced age of 83 years. wards professed. He wrote many books, but|| CUNY, Lewis Anthony, author of funeral the most noted is his "Herbal," wherein he tells orations on the dauphin of France, queen of us under what planets the simples grow, and Poland, and cardinal Rohan. speaks of their good and bad qualities. He died || CUPANO, Francis, a Sicilian, author of a in Spitalfields, 1654.
catalogue of plants of Sicily, and a valuable his CULPEPER, Thomas lord, lieutenant-go-story of that island. vernor, and afterwards governor, of the colony CUPERUS, Gisbert, professor of history, of of Virginia, died in 1719.
Daventer, published several works, and died in CUMBERLAND, Dr. Richard, a very learn-||1716. ed English divine, and bishop of Peterborough, CURÆUS, Joachim, a German, author of born in London, in 1632, died in 1718. He had the annals of Silesia and Breslau, he died in studied mathematics in all branches, and the ||1573. Scriptures in their original languages. His book | CURCELLÆUS, Stephen, of Geneva, anthor " De Legibus Naturæ is his capital work, and of an edition of the Greek Testament with va will always be read while sound reasoning shall ||rious readings, &c.; he died in 1658. continue to be thought the best support of re-|| CURIO, an orator, of Rome, who called Cam ligion.
sar the man of all the women, and the womaa CUMBERLAND, William, duke of, second slof all the men. son of George II., distinguished for his mili | CURIO, Celius Secundus, a Piedmontepe tary successes; he died in 1765.
I who forsook the Romish religion for LutheranCUMBERLAND, Richard, an eminent poet, Ilism; he was professor of eloquence at Basil, essayist, novelist, and dramatic writer, was aand died in 1569. son of the bishop of Kilmore, and a grandson,II CURIUS, Dentatus Marcus Annius, & Roby the maternal side, of the learned Dr. Richardman consul, distinguished in the wars against Bentley, under whose roof, in the Master's ||Pyrrhus, died 272 B. C. Lodge of Trinity College, Cambridge, he was| CURL, Edmund, a bookseller, and bookmå born, Feb. 19, 1732. He received his education ||ker, rendered notorious by Mr. Pope, in his at the school of Bury St. Edmunds, at West-|Dunciad. He was generally held to be of an minster, and at Trinity College. As a writer, limmoral character, and was highly injurious to the number of his works is very extraordinary lithe literary world by his piracies and forgeries, The drama, however, appears to have been his He deservedly lost his ears in the pillory, by favourite pursuit ; and a list of his performances sentence of the law, for publishing obscene per in this line of literature, will be found in the l|formances, and died Dec. 11, 1747. * Biographia Dramatica," 8vo., 1812. He died) CUROPALATE, John, author of a Gree in London, May 7, 1811, and was buried in Poet's history, from 813, to 1081. Corner, Westminster Abbey.
CURRADI, Francesco, an Italian painter,wbo CUMBERLAND, Henry Frederic, duke of, llexcelled in historical pieces; he died in 1660. whose union with the widow of a Mr. Horton | CURRAN, Rt. Hon. John Philpot, an eminen produced the marriage act; he died in 1790. Irish lawyer and orator, and sometime nastel
CUMING, John, an eminent physician, of lof the roils in Ireland, was born in the count Concord, Mass., and a benefactor of Harvard|of Cork, and died at Brompton, near London College, died in 1788.
Oct. 14, 1817, aged nearly 70 years. His orator CUMING, William, an eminent English ply-Iwas completely sui generis ; always the sudde sician, much respected for his learning and skill; burst of strong and passionate feelings, wbie he died in 1788.
seemed to rise in proportion as the grand con CUMMING, Alexander, minister in Boston, llceptions of his mind became more and more colleague with Dr. Sewall; died in 1763.
luminated by the coruscations of his wit,CUNÆUS, Peter, a lawyer, professor at Le lightning flashes of a vigorous and highly poet den, highly commended by Vossius, s
cal imagination. &c., died in 1638.
| CURŘIE, Dr. James, an eminent medical and CUNEGONDE, wife of Henry II., (emperor) political writer, born at Kirkpatrick Fleming, was accused of incontinence, and retired to a|Dumfriesshire, May 31, 1756, died at Sidmouths monastery.
|Aug. 31, 1805. Besides medical writings, which CUNITIA. a lady of Silesia, in the 17th cen-llare numerous, he furnished, in 1800, a rich the tury, who greatly excelled in mathematics and to the lovers of elegant literature, by publishin
neminent Engand skiú : Weemed to hibis mind b
CONDE, wife of Henrynd retired to a Dum. 31, 1805. Besides thed, in 1800, a rich he
with an Account of his Life, and a Criticism oni 1722, becoming an episcopalian, he left the colhis Writings: to which are prefixed, some Ob-lege, and went to England for orders; after his servations on the Character and Condition of return, he was settled in Boston. He died in the Scottish Peasantry,"
|| 1705. CURSON, or CORCEONE, Robert, an Eng- | CUTLER, Manasseh, LL. D., a distinguished lishman, chancellor of Paris university; he was congregational clergyman, of Massachusetts, made cardinal by pope Innocent III., and died || and a member of congress from that state, died in 1218.
in 1823. CURTIS, William, a very distinguished bota- CUTTS, John, lord, a brave English soldier, nist, born at Alton, in Hampshire, about 1746. and no mean poet, died at Dublin, in 1707. His His great work, " The Flora Londinensis," isl poerns were published in 1087. highly interesting, not only to the man of sci I CUTTS, John, one of the early settlers of ence, but also to the farmer and agriculturist ; | New Ilan pshire, and president of that colony, as it combines the knowledge of entomology || died in 1081. with that oi botany. Mr. Curtis died at Bromp | CYAXARES I., king of the Medes, after
at Brome Phraortes, died 585 B, C of Media, supposed to with that nightsbridge, July 7, 1799... who ICVAXARES U., king of
CURTIUS, Quintus, a Latin historian, who 1 CYAXARES U., king of Media, supposed to has written the actions of Alexander the Great, || be the famous Darius, died 536 B. (.. in 10 books. Where this author was born, no- CYGNE, Martin du, a learned Jesuit, of St. body pretends to know; and even when he lived Omer, author of several works, died in 1669. is still a dispute among the learned, and never CYNÆGIRUS, an Athenian, who lost his likely to be settled.
lite at the battle of Marathon, while attempting CURTIUS, Martius, a Roman, who, to bene- to stop the flight of the Persians. fit bis country, planged into a gulf, which caused CYNEAS, a Thessalian philosopher, who achis death, 362 B. C.
companied Pyrrtius in his invasion of Italy. CURTIUS, Michael Conrad, professor of lo- CYPRIANI, or CIPRIANI, an eminent Itagic and metaphysics, at Luneberg, and after-lian painter, who settled in England, died in wards of history and rhetoric, at Marpurg, &c., 1785. died in 1802.
CYPRIANUS, Thascius, Cæcilius, bishop of CUSA, Nicholas de, a cardinal and bishop, so Cartbage, a principal father of the Christian called from Cusa, the place of his birth. His church, born at Carthage, in Africa about the parents were mean and poor; and it was his own beginning of the 3d century, and beheaded there, personal merit which raised him to the height Sept. 14, 258. of dignity that he afterwards attained. He was! CYRANO, Bergerac, a French author, of a a man of extraordinary parts and learning ; singular character, born in Gascony, about 1620, particularly famous for his great knowledge in died 1655. His works consist of some letters, law and divinity; and withal, a great natural written in his youth, with a tragedy, entitled philosopher, and geometrician. He died in 1464, " The Death of Agrippina. Widow of Germaaged 63 years, and left many excellent works be- nicus ;" a comedy, called "The Pedant, or mere hind him.
Scholar, ridiculed;"' " Comic History of the CUSHING, William, LL. D. a judge of the States and Empires of the Moon;" " Comic supreme court of the state of Massachusetts, History of the Siates and Empires of the Sun;' and of the supreme court of the United States, several letters and dialogues, and a fragment on died in 1910.
physic. CUSHING, Thomas, LL. D., speaker of the CYRIL, of Jerusalem, one of the fathers, house of representatives, member of congress | died in 386. from the state of Massachusetts, and lieutenant I CYRIL, made bishop of Alexandria, in 412. governor of the same, died in 1788.
died 444. His works are voluminous, and have CUSHING, Nathan, a judge of the supreme been often printed. court of the state of Massachusette, died in 1812. || CYRILL, Lucar, bishop of Alexandria, and
CUSHING, Thomas, LL. D., lieutenant go-patriarch of Constantinople, strangled for atvernor of Massachusetts, much devoted to pub-lltempting to reform the clergy, in 1638. lic life, and to the public good; he died in 1746. CYRUS, founder of the ancient Persian em
CUSHING, Jacob, D. D., minister of Wal-l|pire, died 530 B. C. tham, Mass., much esteemed, died in 1809.
CYRUS, the Younger, defeated by his broCUSHMAN, Robert, one of the first emi-l ther Artaxerxes, 401 B. C. The retreat of the grants to America, returned soon on business to 10,000 Greeks who accompanied him, is cele England, where he died.
brated in ancient history. OUSPÍNIAN, John, a German historian, born CYRUS, a Latin poet, in the reign of the in 1473, died in 1529. He was first physician younger Theodosius. to the emperor Maximilian I., and employed by that prince in several delicate negotiations.
CUBSAY, N. governor of Angers, who told the duke of Guise, when he ordered the protest- DAC, John, a German painter, who flourishautes of Anjou to be massacred, that his fellow-led about 1586, and whose pictures are in grand citizens were brave and loyal, but not assassins. || style.
CUSTINES, Adam Philippe, count de, all DACIER, Andrew, a very celebrated French Prenchman, who assisted the Americans in the critic and philosopher, born at Castres, in Lanrevolutionary war; he perished on the scaffold, I guedoc, in 1651, died 1722. His principal works for treason, in 1793.
are translations of “Horace;' " Aristotle's PoetCUTHBERT, an English saint, of sanctity, lics :" " Plutarch's Lives ;' the works of " Hipvirtne, &e., died in 686.
pocrates;" "Plato;"' 's The Life of Pythagoras," CUTLEŃ, John, an eminent physician and | &c. &c. pirgeon, in Boston, died in 1761.
DACIER, Anne, wife of Andrew Dacier, and CUTLER, Timothy, D.D., president of Yalela woman of extraordinary learning, as her work Bollege, a native of Charlestown, Mass. In will show, of which, the most considerable ei
by the GOLBERG, Erie, aarded with a title of "EDALION, Tristranouse of representate and
anain all and any ye
translations of " Anacreon," Sappho," " Plau-l of Laybaek, who translated the Bible into the tus." "Terence," and " Homer." She was| Sclavonian language, in the 16th century. born at Saumur, in France, in 1651, and died in DALMATIUS, a bishop of Cyzicum, who at 1721. Madaine Dacier was a woman of great tended the council of Ephesus, and wrote the virtue as well as learning. She was remarka-l acts of the synod of Nice. ble for firmness, generosity, good-nature, piety, DALRYMPLE, Alexander, son of Sir James and modesty. The academy of Ricovrati, at Dalrymple, of Edinburgh, was engaged for Padua, chose her one of their body, in 1684. several years in the service of the East India
DAGAR, Jacob, an eminent historical painter, Il Company; afterwards as hydrographer to that of Paris, died in 1716.
Il company, and to the admiralty. He is known DAGGETT, Napthali, D. D., president, and as the author of " Discoveries in the Pacific professor of théology, in Yale College, was dis- Ocean,"and many other valuable works; he died tinguished as a thorough scholar, and a sound divine. He displayed great bravery when thell DALRYMPLE, Sir David, of Hailes, hart, British attacked New Haven, where he died in better known by the name of lord Hailes, one 1780.
of the senators of the college of justice in ScotDAGOBERT, I., king of France, in 628, a li- land. He was not only conspicuous as an able centious and cruel prince.
and upright judge, and a sound lawyer, but was DAGOBERT II., king of Austrasia, was as I also eminent as a man of polite literature, and sassinated in 679.
llan excellent classical scholar. Numerous are DAGOBERT III., son of Childebert,
the works that have issued from his pen; and all Neustria, died in 715.
of them distinguished by their accuracy and DAGOBERT, N., a French general, who dis-learning. He was born at Edinburgh, in 17 tinguished himself in Italy and Spain, died in and died November 29, 1792. 1794.
DALRYMPLE, Alexander, an aminent hy DAGOUMER, William, professor of philoso-drographer, born at New Hailes, near Edinburgh, phy, and rector of the university of Paris, died July 24, 1737, died in London, June 19, 1808. In 1755.
DALRYMPLE, Sir John, many years a baron DAHL, Michael, a Danish painter, patronised of the Exchequer in Scotland, author of "Die by the court of Denmark, died in 1743.
moirs of Great Britain and Ireland," tracts on DAHLBERG, Erie, a Swedish engineer, I “ Feudal Law," and several other works, died whose services were rewarded with a title of || Feb. 26, 1810, aged 84. nobility; ho died in 1703.
DALTON, Tristram, a native of Massacin DAILLE, John, a minister of the church of || setts, speaker of the house of representatives, Paris, and one of the ablest advocates the pro-ll and a member of the senate of that state, and testants ever had, was born at Chatelherault, in afterwards a member of the United States' se 1594. In 1628 he wrote his celebrated book, I nate, died in 1817. " De l'Usage des Peres," or " Of the Use of ll DALTON, Michael, an English lawyer, at the Fathers," which Bayle has pronounced a thor of two well-known books on " The Office master piece.
of a Justice of Peace," and "On the Duty of DALE, Sir Thomas, chief magistrate of the Sheriffs," &c. The times of his birth and death colony of Virginia, came from England, in 1611, Hare uncertain, but the latter was probably about with three hundred colonists. His administra- || 1620. tion was vigorous, but advantageous to the co-|| DALTON, Dr. John, prebendary of Worces lony,and contributed to its permanency; he diedter, born at Dean, in Cumberland, in 1709. He in the East Indies.
adapted Milton's Masque at Ludlow Castle" to DALE, Samuel, an apothecary of Essex, who the stage,under the title of " Comus, a Masque, · became, by his merit, a licentiate of the college and died in 1763.
of physicians, and fellow of the royal society ; # DALZELL, Andrew, an eminent Greek he died in 1739.
scholar, born near Eanburgh, and a professor DALECHAMPS, James, a learned physician, i at the university there. He was a most amia born at Caen, in Normandy, in 1513. His chief ble, as well as learned man; he died in 1800. work was a translation of Pliny's “ Natural|I DALZIEL, Thomas, a Scotch officer, wao History," with notes; he died in 1558.. . escaped to Russia, where the czar made him
DALEN, Cornelius Von, an eminent Dutchll general. At the restoration, he returned, and engraver, who flourished in 1640.
was made commander in chief, in Scotland DALENS, Dirk, an eminent landscape pain-|| He was a very singular man. ter, of Amsterdam, died in 1688.
| DAMASCENUS, John, an illustrious father D'ALIBRAI, Charles Von, a poet of Paris, ll of the church, in the 8th century. He died ahou who wrote bacchanalian, satirical, heroical, || 750, leaving behind him many compositions or moral, and Christian poems; he died in 1655. ll various kinds.
DALIN, Olaus de, the father of Swedish poe- || DAMASCIUS, a stoic philosopher, who flour try, and preceptor to prince Gustavus, was born ished in the 6th century. in 1708.
DAMASUS I., a Spaniard, raised to the papal DALLAS, Alexander James, an eminent law-ll throue in 366. yer and statesman, came from the island of Ja-|| DAMASUS II., bishop of Brixen, was elected maica, to Philadelphia, in 1783. In 1791, he wasIl pope, but died 23 days after, in 1048. appointed secretary of the state of Pennsylva-| DAMBOURNEY, N., born at Rouen, dist nia, and afterwards secretary of the treasuryllguished as a merchant, and man of science, die of the United States, and acting secretary of || in 1795. war, and died in 1817. He published 4 volumes | DAMIEN, Peter, cardinal, and bishop of 03 of valuable law reports.
Itia, in the 11th century. He was a pious mang! DALLINGTON, Sir Robert, author of the land left several works; be died about 1073 aphorisms of Tacitus, was knighted by queen || DAMIENS, Robert Francis, a native of Elizabeth, and died in 1637,
France, executed March 28. 1757, for attempt DALMATIN, George, a Lutheran minister, || ing to assassinate the king. For the form and manner of his execution, see CHASTEL, whose Florence, who finished his pictures in a superior punishment was similar.
style. DAMO, the daughter of Pythagoras, was well! DANDINI, Hercule Francois, professor of the skilled in the philosophy of her father.
Juaw at Padua, and author of some learned · DAMOCLES, a flatterer of the tyrant Diony-llworks, died in 1747. sius; who, affecting upon some occasion or other,| DANDOLO, Henry, duke of Venice, a brave to admire the fortune of that prince, Dionysius, admiral, and great politician, who took Cotito convince him that princes are not always sostantinople, in 1203, and had the moderation to happy as they seem to be, invited him to a feast, lirefuse the imperial dignity. He died in 1250. and caused a naked sword to be hung over his DANDOLO, Andrew, doge of Venice, of head, which was only held by a single hair. Da-l which he wrote a history. He corresponded mocles, extremely struck with a sense of the with Petrarch, and died in 1354. hazardous situation he was in, changed his opi- | DANDRE BARDON, Michael Francois. Ile nion at once, and, for his own particular part, I was a professor in the academy of painting, and begged of Dionysius, that he might retire from was admired for his historical writings, he died court, and high life, into that mediocrity of in 1783. condition, where no danger was, and where he DANDRIEU, John Francis, a famous musishould not be subject to a reverse of fortune. cian, of Paris, who composed three books of • DAMOCRITUS, a Greek historian, author of pieces for the harpsichord, and two for the or a treatise on tactics.
gan; he died in 1740. DANON, a Pythagorean philosopher, cele- DANEAU, or DANÆUS, Lambert, a (albrated for his friendship with Pythias.
vinist preacher, who taught theology at Paris, DAMON, an Athenian musician, the friend and published commentaries on Matthew and of Socrates.
(Mark, he died in 1596. DAMOURS, Lewis, a French lawyer, author DANES, Peter, Greek professor at Paris. He of some works of little merit.
was a prelate of great eloquence, and extensive DAMPIER, John, a native of Blois, author|learning; he died in 1577. of some elegant Latin poems, died in 1550. DANET, Peter, a French abbe, of the number
DAMPIER, William, a famous English navi- lof those learned persons who were pitched up gator, born in Somersetshire, in 1652, died 1699.lon by the duke of Montausier, to illustrate clasBis" Voyage round the World" is well known, Isical authors for the use of the dauphin. He and has gone through many editions.
Jhad Phædrus allotted to his share, irhich he DAMPIERRE, N., a French officer, who dis- published with a Latin interpreta:ion, and note. linguished himself under general Dumourier, He was also author of " A Classical and listodied of a wound by a cannon ball, in 1793. rical Dictionary," in 4to, and died in 1709.
DAN, the fifth son of Jacob, by Bilkah, Ra- DANFORTH, Thomas, an Englishman, who, Felel's maid.
after his arrival, was elected by the people of DANA, Francis, LL. D., an eminent lawyer, Maine, as their president; he died in ic99. of Massachusetts, was a member of the Ameri-11 DANFORTH, Samuel, minister of Roxbury, can congress in 1776, and minister from that bo-||Mass., published, besides several sermons, some
dy to the court of St. Petersburg; afterwardslastronomical works; he died in 1647. w chief justice of the state of Massachusetts. Hell DANFORTH, John, minister of Dorchester,
was distinguished for the fidelity and ability with Mass., son of the preceding, distinguished for
which he discharged his public dutics, and for his learning, zeal, and piety; he published seve: his attachment to the institutions of his coun-ral sermons, and died in 1730. try. He died in 1811.
DANFORTH, Samuel, minister of Taunton, DANCER, Daniel, a most singular example|Mass., author of a MS. Indian dictionary, dicu of penuriousness, with the means of plenty. Hellin 1727.
lived at Pinner, in Middlesex, with a sister of || DANGEAU, Louis Courcillon de, a member is his, who was of a congenial disposition; and, Hof the French academy of sciences, and master
though possessed of 30001. a-year, besides great of a great variety of languages. He was an sums in specie and bank notes concealed in dif- lindustrious and good man, and the author of ferent parts of his house, he denied himself the many works: he died in 1723. tommon necessaries of life. He usually nad|| DANGEAU, Philip de Courcillon, marquis de. his body girt with a hayband, to keep together brother of the preceding, an accomplished and his tattered garments; the stockings he wore virtuous nobleman. He was a great favourite had been so frequently darned and patched, that of the age, and died in 1723. scarcely any of the original could be seen; but DANHEWER, Jolin Conrad, theological proin dirty or cold weather, they were thickly co- fessor at Strasburg, and author of some icovered with ropes of hay, which served as sub-l logical tracts, died in 1666. stitutes for boots. He rarely washed his face | DANICAN, Andrew, a Frenchman, of many or hands, and never allowed his bed to be made, llgood qualities, who, only two months before le for his house to be cleaned. He hid bank notes died, played at the same time, two games of among the cobwebs in his cowhouse, and guineas llchess, with the best players, he being blindroid in the fire-place, covered with goot. A numberlled, and beat them both, died in 1795. of singular eccentricities are recorded of him,ll DANIEL, the last of the four great prophels, in " Biographical Curiosities," 12mo, 1797. Hellwas of the royal blood of Judah, and was car. died in October, 1794.
ried away into captivity, 606 B. C. DANCHET, Anthony, a French dramatic || DANIEL, Arnauld, count of Provence. He poet, born at Riom, in 1671, died 1748.
wrote several poems, from which Petrarch took DANDINI, Jerome,the first Jesuit who taught many ideas; he died in 1189. philosophy at Paris. "He wrote a commentaryll DANIEL, Samuel, an eminent English poet, ou Aristotle, and died in 1634.
and historian, who flourished in the reigns of DANDINI, Pietro, an eminent painter, born Elizabeth and James I., to the former of whom at Florence, died in 1712.
he was poet laureat, was born near Taunton.in DANDINI, Cæsare, a historical painter, of Somersetshire, in 1562. His " History of L
nos in specie and bank ... a year, besides greatllof the French academy of chilon de, a member
DANTE, Peter Vincent, l'in mathematics,
b servatorý himself, and a
land" is written with great brevity and polite || DARGONNE, Dom Bonaventure, a learned ness, and his political and moral reflections are||Carthusian monk, who died in 1704. useful and instructive. He wrote also somel DARIUS, the Mede, the same as Cyaxares, plays, which have much merit, and died in 1619. son of Astyages, died at Babylon, about 348 The judicious Mr. Headley has observed, that B. C. he was the Atticus of his day.
!! DARIUS I., king of Persia, destroyed BabyDANIEL, Gabriel, a very ingenious and learn-lon, and restored the captive Jews to their cour ed Frenchman, born in 1649, wrote a great many try; he was defeated at Marathon, and died in books upon different subjects, but is most me- ||485 B. C. morable for his “ History of France," in 7 vols. DARIUS II., king of Persia, and father of 4to. He died in 1728; and by his death the Je- ||Cyrus the Younger ; died 404 B. C. Buits lost one of the greatest ornaments their or- DARIUS III., Codomanus, the last king of der ever could boast.
the ancient Persian empire, who was conquered DANIEL, Peter, a learned advocate of Or-by Alexander the Great, and at last treacherously leans, died at Paris, in 1603.
l'assassinated by Bessus, his own general, governDANIEL, Robert, president of the councillor of Bactriana (who hoped thereby to succeed of North Carolina, and deputy governor of S.C. Jito his sovereignty), 331 B. C. was succeeded, in 1717, by gov. Johnson. I DARKE, William, a brave officer in the
DANTE, Peter Vincent, a native of Perouge.American war; died in 1801. He was eminent for his skill in mathematics, DARQUIER, Augustine, an eminent astrono and was famed as a poet; he died in 1512.
DANTE, Vincent, grandson of the preced-llpupils gratis. He was an able author and a viring, well-known as a painter, sculptor, and ma- lituous man; he died at Toulouse, in 1802. thematician, died at Perouse, in 1567.
DARWIN, Dr. Erasmus, an eminent poel, DANTE, Alighieri, an eminent Italian poet, philosopher, and physician, born at Elston, Rear born at Florence, in 1265. He discovered an | Newark, Nottinghamshire, 1731, and educated early inclination and genius for poetry; but was at Chesterfield school, under the Rev. Mr. Burambitious; and, having attained some of the rows; whence he went to St. John's College, most considerable posts in the commonwealth, Cambridge. He afterwards settled as a physiwas crushed by the ruins of the faction which ciau at Litchfield. His principal publications he embraced. He died in exile at Ravenna, in are, "The Botanic Garden," a poem with phi1321. The most considerable of his works, is losophical notes, 4to, 1791. “Zoonomia," 4to, his poem entitled, “ The Comedy of Hell, Pur-||1794.' " Phytologia," and "The Shrine of Nagatory, and Paradise."
Iture," a poem : this last was published after his DANTE, John Baptiste, of the same family.lldeath, which happened April 18, 1802. In bis probably, with the preceding, and native of Pe- Zoonomia, atheism is unblushingly avowed. rugia, was an excellent mathematician; and is DARWIN, Charles, son of the preceding, memorable for having fitted a pair of wings sollborn at Litchfield, in 1758. He is well known exactly to his body, as to be able to fly with as the author of a treatise on the means of disthem. He made the experiment several times tinguishing pus, from mucus; he died in 1778. over the lake Trasimenus, and succeeded sol DASSIER, John, a medalist to the republic of well, that he had the courage to perform before Geneva. His nephew was appointed second the whole city of Perugia. He shot himself lengraver in the British mint, in 1740. from the highest part of the city, and directed his! DASSOUCI, a French musician and poet of flight over the square, to the admiration of the the 17th century. He procured the patronage spectators; but, unfortunately, the iron with of the great by his wit and drollery. which he managed one of his wings, failed, andl DATAMES, an illustrious Persian general, then, not being able to balance weight of his who was assassinated by Mithridates, 361 B. C. body, he fell on a church, and broke his thigh. DATI, Augustin, a native of Sienna, where he He flourished toward the end of the 15th centu-taught rhetoric and the classics : he died in 1478 ry, and died before he was forty years old. I DATI, Carlo, professor of polite literature at
DANTE, Ignatius, a descendant of the great Florence, where he was born, became famous poet, well known for his great skill in mathe-l as well for his works as for the eulogies wbich matics and astronomy, died in 1576.
Ilmany writers have bestowed on him. He died DANTON, George James, one of the most in 1675. atrocious and unprincipled among the associates!DAUBENTON, John Lewis Marie, born in of Robespierre and Marat; he was guillotined in Burgundy; an eminent anatomist, and an ac1794.
tive associate of Buffon. He was the author DANTZ, John Andrew, a learned Lutheran|of several works on natural subjects, and died divine of Germany, who wrote a Hebrew and allin 1799. Chaldee Grammar; died in 1727.
| DAUBENTON, William, confessor to Philip DARAN, James, a native of Gascony, sur-||V., of Spain, author of orations and sermons, geon-general of the army of Turin and Milan. ll died in 1723. He was an expert operator, and a good writer ; | DAUMIUS, Christian, an excellent classical he died in 1781.
scholar, regent of the college of Zwickau, died DARCET, N., an able chymist and physician,llin 1687. professor in the national institute at Paris; hell DAUN, Leopold count, a great general who died in 1801.
distinguished himself in the wars of Maris DARCI, Patrick, count, an eminent philoso-Theresa, and against the king of Prussia; be pher and mathematician, was born in Ireland, indied at Vienna, in 1766 1725, and died in 1779.
ll DAUNOIS, countess, acquired some celebris D'ARCON, John Claudius Eleonore Limi-lty, by her romances and travels in Spain; sho ceaud, an eminent French engineer, who dis- died in 1705. played great talents in conducting the siege of DAUR IT, John, an eminent French poet, Gibraltar, in 1780. He joined the popular side. born in 1507. Some have said that the odes, epiduring the French revolution, and died in 1800. grams, hymns and other poems, in Greek aad