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“ them; and those whom she perfuaded to travel to« wards them were enchained by Habit, and ingulfed " by DESPAIR, a cruel tyrant, whose caverns are beyond “ the darkness on the right side and on the left, from " whose prisons none can escape, and whom I cannot “ teach you to avoid.”
Such was the declaration of REASON to those who demanded her protection. Some that recollected the dictates of EDUCATION, finding them now feconded by another authority, fubmitted with reluctance to the strict decree, and engaged themselves among the followers of Religion, who were distinguished by the uniformity of their march, without appearing to regard the prospects which at every step courted their attention
The Vision of Theodore continued.
LL those who determined to follow either REASON
fake the road, sometimes by the PASSIONS, and sometimes by the APPETITES, of whom both had reason to boast the success of their artifices; for so many were drawn into by-paths, that any way was more populous than the right. The attacks of the APPETITES were more impetuous, those of the PASSIONS longer continued. The APPETITES turned their followers directly from the true way, but the PASSIONS marched at first in a path nearly in the same direction with that of Reason and RELIGION; but deviated by now degrees, till at last they entirely changed their course. APPETITE drew aside the dull, and Passion the sprightly. Of the APPETITES, Luft was the strongest; and of the PasSIONS, Vanity. The most powerful assault was to be feared, when a Passion and an APPETITE joined their enticements, and the path of REASON was best followed, when a Passion called to one side, and an APPETITE to the other.
These seducers had the greatest success upon the followers of REASON, over whom they scarcely ever failed to prevail, except when they counteracted one another. They had not the same triumphs over the votaries of RELIGION; for though they were often led aside for a time, Religion commonly recalled them by her emissary CONSCIENCE, before HABIT had time to enchain them. But they that profeffed to obey Reason, if once they forsook her, seldom returned; for she had no mefsenger to summon them but Pride, who generally betrayed her confidence, and employed all her skill to support Passion; and if ever she did her duty, was found unable to prevail, if HABIT had interposed.
I soon found that the great danger to the followers of RELIGION was only from HABIT; every other power
was easily refifted, nor did they find any difficulty when any inadvertently quitted her, to find her again by the direction of CONSCIENCE, unless they had given time to Habit to draw her chain behind them, and bar up the way by which they had wandered. Of some of those, the condition was justly to be pitied, who turned at every call of CONSCIENCE, and tried, but without effect, to burst the chains of Habit: They saw RELIGION walking forward at a distance, saw her with reverence, and longed to join her; but were, whenever they approached her, with-held by HABIT, and languished in sordid bondage, which they could not escape, though they scorned and hated it.
It was evident that the HABITS were so far from growing weaker by these repeated contests, that if they were not totally overcome, every struggle enlarged their bulk and increased their strength; and a HABIT, opposed and victorious, was more than twice as strong as before the contest. The manner in which those who were weary of their tyranny endeavoured to escape from them, appeared by the event to be generally wrong; they tried to lose their chains one by one, and to retreat by the same degrees as they advanced; but before the deliverance was completed, HABIT always threw new chains upon her fugitive; nor did any escape her but those who, by an effort sudden and violent, burft their shackles at once, and left her at a distance, and even of these, many, rushing too precipitately forward, and hindered by their terrors from stopping where they were safe, were fatigued with their own vehemence, and refigned themselves again to that power from whom an escape must be so dearly bought, and whose tyranny was little felt, except when it was resisted..
Some, however, there always were, who, when they found Habit prevailing over them, called upon Reason or Religion for assistance ; each of them willingly came to the succour of her suppliant; but neither with the same strength, nor the same success. Habit, infolent with her power, would often presume to parley
with Reason, and offer to loose some of her chains if the reft might remain. To this REASON, who was never certain of victory, frequently consented, but always found her concession destructive, and saw the captive, led away by HABIT to his former flavery.-RELIGION never submitted to treaty, but held out her hand with certainty of conquest; and, if the captive to whom she gave it did not quit his hold, always led him in triumph, and placed him in the direct path to the temple of Happiness, where Reason never failed to congratulate his deliverance, and encourage his adherence to that power to whose timely succour he was indebted for it.
When the traveller was again placed in the road of Happiness, I saw HABIT again gliding before him, but reduced to the state of a dwarf, without strength and without activity; but when the PASSIONS or AppeTITES, which had before seduced him, made their approach, HABIt would on a sudden start into fize, and with unexpected violence push him towards them. The wretch, thus impelled on one side, and allured on the other, too frequently quitted the road of Happiness, to which, after his second deviation from it, he rarely returned. But, by a timely call on RELIGION, the force of HABIT was eluded, her attacks grew fainter, and at, last her correspondence with the enemy was entirely destroyed. She then began to employ those restless faculties in compliance with the power which she could not overcome; and as she grew again in stature and in ftrength, cleared away the asperities of the road of Happiness.
From this road I could not easily withdraw my attention, because all who travelled it appeared chearful and fatisfied; and the farther they proceeded, the greater appeared their alacrity, and the stronger their conviction of the wisdom of their guide. Some, who had never deviated but by short excursions, had Habit in the middle of their paffage vigorously supporting them, and driving off the APPETITES, and Passions which
attempted to interrupt their progress. Others, who had entered this road late, or had long forsaken it, were toiling on without her help at least, and commonly against her endeavours. But I observed, when they approached to the barren top, that few were able to proceed without some support from HABIT; and that they, whose HABITS were strong, advanced towards the mifts with little emotion, and entered them at last with calmness and confidence; after which, they were seen only by the eye of RELIGION; and though' REASON looked after them with the most earnest curiosity, the could only obtain a faint glimpse, when her mistress, to enlarge her prospect, raised her from the ground. REAson, however, discerned that they were safe, but RELIGION saw that they were happy.
“ Now, Theodore," said my protector,. «withdraw. “ thy view from the regions of obfcurity, and see the « fate of those who, when they were dismiffed by Edu
CATION, would admit no direction but that of REA“ SØN. Survey their wanderings, and be wise.”
I looked then upon the road of REASON, which was indeed, so far as it reached, the same with that of ReLIGION, nor had REASON discovered it but by her instruction. Yet when she had once been taught it, she elearly saw it was right; and PRIDE had sometimes in. cited her to declare that she discovered it herself, and persuaded her to offer herself as a guide to RELIGION; whom, after many vain experiments, she found it her highest privilege to follow. REASON was, however, at jaft well instructed in part of the way, and appeared to teach it with some success, when her precepts were not misrepresented by Passion, or her influence overborne by APPETITE. But neither of these enemies was she able to refift. When Passion seized upon her votaries, she feldom attempted opposition ; she seemed indeed to contend with more vigour against APPETITE, but was generally overwearied in the contest; and if either of her opponents had confederated with HABIT, her authority was wholly at an end. When HABIT en