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should not repent it; it is the bravest, barking of discontented persons; and God freshest drink you ever tasted. Your Spa- forbid but you should. And yet my Lord, nish Don would, in the heats of Madrid, if you could find a way to do all these great hang his nose and shake his beard an hour services and decline these storms, I think over every sup he took of it, and take it to it would be excellent well thought on. I be the drink of the gods all the while.", heartily pray your Lordship to pardon me Ibid. vol. 1, p. 441.

this freedom, which I brought with me into your friendship, and which (though some

times to my own hurt) I have used with all 1635. Laud writes concerning the Earl | the friends I have.”—Ibid. vol. 1, p. 480. of Corke_“I find his majesty very careful

m. that the church should have all her own restored to her, and that the Earl be fined JUSTIFICATION of his apparent rigour.answerable to that which upon publication Ibid. vol. 2, p. 20. his cause shall merit; and that the ordering of this shall be by your Lordship, and your experience upon the place and of the fact. He represented to the King that "the All that I can perceive is earnestly desired Londoners were laying out great sums upon is the declining of a public sentence, and the plantation, and that it were not only saving of the Earl, for his place and alliance' very strict in their case, but would discousake, from the stain which a sentence would rage all other plantations, if the uttermost leave upon record, both on himself and his advantage were taken. Besides it was very posterity, which, when you have taken into considerable the too much discouraging of serious consideration, I leave to your wis- the City, which in a time thus conditioned dom.

(1636) and when they were to be called "My Lord, I am the bolder to write this upon still for those great payments towards last line to you upon a late accident which the shipping business, might produce sad I have very casually discovered in Court. effects; whereas, in my poor judgement, I find that notwithstanding all your great they were rather to be as tenderly, as posservices in Ireland, which are most gra- sibly might be, dealt with, if not favoured, ciously accepted by the King, you want and kept in life and spirit.”—Ibid. vol. 2, not them which whisper, and perhaps speak p. 25. louder where they think they may, against your proceedings in Ireland, as being over- Writing from Gawthorp, 1636, he says full of personal prosecutions against men of to Laud, “I am gotten hither to a poor quality, and they stick not to instance in house I have, having been this last week St. Albans, the Lord Wilmot, and this Earl. almost feasted to death at York. In truth, And this is somewhat loudly spoken by for anything I can find, they were not illsome on the Queen's side. And although pleased to see me. Sure I am it much conI know a great part of this proceeds from tented me to be amongst my old acquaintyour wise and noble proceedings against ance, which I would not leave for any other the Romish party in that kingdom, yet that affection I have, but to that which I both shall never be made the cause in public, profess and owe to the person of his sacred but advantages taken (such as they can) Majesty. Lord! with what quietness in myfrom these and the like particulars to blast self could I live here in comparison of that you and your honour, if they be able to do noise and labour I meet with elsewhere; it. I know you have a great deal more re- and I protest put up more crowns in my solution in you than to decline any service purse at the year's end, too. But we'll let due to the king, State or Church, for the that pass, for I am not like to enjoy that

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of his Majesty's, howbeit he had no part at all in the counsels ; therefore, as well for our own indemnity as your glory, you may be sure of our prayers.”—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 54.

blessed condition upon earth. And therefore my resolution is set to endure and struggle with it so long as this crazy body will bear it; and finally drop into the silent grave, where both all these (which I now could, as I think, innocently delight myself in) and myself are to be forgotten; and fare them well. I persuade myself, exuto Lepido, I am able to lay them down very quietly, and yet leave behind me, as a truth not to be forgotten, a perfect and full remembrance of my being your Grace's most humbly to be commanded." WENTWORTH. - Ibid. vol. 2, p. 26.

“ If once the season come to that part, Lord deliver me from seeking an alms from the hands of a Puritan! It is a generation of men more apt to begin business than obstinately to pursue and perfect it; and the part they delight most in is to discourse rather than suffer."-Ibid. vol. 2, p. 54.

This is said with reference to the Palatinate.

THERE were some near the King, and so STRAFFORD tells him, who publicly professed his ruin.--Ibid. vol. 2, p. 33.

1637. The paper upon the policy of going to war with Austria on the Palatine's quarrel, contains plain indications of a design to render the Crown independent of Parliament.-Ibid. vol. 2, pp. 60-2.

“As for wit or importunity,” says WENTWORTH, “in the former I did never affect other than a single plainness ; nor is my nature possibly to be hardened into the latter.”—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 33.

A STRONG passage addressed to Laud, against the desired war for the Palatinate, and the designs of those who were urging the King to it,—with a clear sense of his own danger.—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 66.

This is one of the most considerable passages in the Letters.

He says to the King, “Out of the truth of my heart, and with that liberty your Majesty is pleased to afford me, admit me to say, Reward, well applied, advantages the services of kings extremely much; it being most certain that not one man of very many serve their masters for love, but for their own ends and preferments, and that he is in the rank of the best servants that can be content to serve his master together with himself.”—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 41.

FAIRFAX's son left under STRAFFORD'S care by his grandfather. £1200 appointed for his education.-Ibid. vol. 2, p. 70.

Upon the appearance of a breach with Spain, WENTWORTH says, “ The servant his Majesty employs here shall be sure to have his hands full; and if we prosper not in our designs upon the House of Austria, there is reason for him to believe he may happen to suffer through the misfortune as soon, and as deeply, as any other minister

“PERCHANCE some in my case would bemoan himself, thus still to have the

negative singly and severely put upon him by your ministers on that side, by that means to find every hand lift up, and hear every mouth opened wide in his contrary. But in truth this moves me very small; and such are the purposes I have assumed in your service, and so much more earnestly do I seek after it, than after myself, as I am able to bear this and much more with ease and contentment.”—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 83.

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“Now howbeit my Lords the then Jus- | the house of my late Lord of Clare, which tices, and with them this whole Council, I shall most humbly acknowledge, howbeit informed his Majesty before my coming perchance this is more than either I or into this kingdom, it was impossible to im- yourself shall have from any body else. But prove his revenues here, save only by im- I owe so much to the memory of the wife posing 12d. a Sunday on the recusants, yet I had from them, that it gives me infinite all these particulars, leaving that penal duty contentment when I am able to further anyuntouched, make up the increase of three- thing I think would have pleased her.”score and ten thousand pounds by year, Ibid. vol. 2, p. 194. whereof the better half is already actually settled.-Ibid. vol. 2, p. 91.

-“My Lord, I am not so blind but I am

able to discern betwixt a proceeding of afAccount of his means, and vindication of fection personally towards me, and a lanhis expenditure, addressed to Laud, in an- guishing purpose to hold me up by the swer to those who were maligning him at chin, tellement quellement, for as long as I Court.-Ibid. vol. 2, pp. 105-6-7.

may be of use in these affairs. Nay, I disThis letter is of great importance in the cern you in one of these, and somebody view it opens of his spirit and temper.

else in the latter."—Ibid.

—“It is alone your goodness and affecTo Laud, 1638. “Good and faithful as- tion that moves you to consider any trouble sistance in truth I have here at the Com- of mine, which as I cannot but take most mittee of Revenue, but this goes no further kindly from your Grace (as what had I ever than the private; for as for the public envy from you other than as from a father ?) so and malice contracted in the execution, from in other respects all things of this life are persons pretending and interested, that I become wondrous indifferent to me, since I must take to myself-tread that thorny path am sure the best of it is past already.”— alone. God help me and sustain me, for as- Ibid. suredly it begins to press and pinch me shrewdly. This testimony Imust ever give, To Laud, 1638. “God send them (the that his Majesty is to acknowledge the best Scots) well into their right wits, say I, depart of that great work of the plantations liver the public peace from the ill of them, to the comfort and cheerfulness you have and me out of their fingers. You may pray ever given me in the undertaking and pro- as much if you please, for your share, for secution of it. By my troth, I had other- if truth were known, they wish you no betwise long since sunk under the burthen, so ter than myself, and that, believe me, is ill much it is against my nature and disposi- enough."— Ibid. p. 196. tion continually to dwell upon contestation in a manner with all men, where nothing is sought by me but quietness, silently and To Windebank, Aug. 1638. “The busipeaceably to pass over this life. I call the ness—indeed gathers fearfully and apace, Heavenly Power to witness, no other re

and sits wondrous dark upon the public spect but the service of God and his Ma- peace; may God be pleased in his mercy to jesty should longer oblige me unto it."— disperse and clear up all again! The skirts Ibid. vol. 2, p. 157.

of the great rain, if not part of the thundering and lightning I confess, is probable

enough will fall upon this kingdom. BeTo Laud. “I still beseech you be pleased | lieve me this consideration travails my to settle a peace, if possibly it may be, in thoughts exceedingly, day and night, and

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requires the whole man ; omne verbum vigi- | do serve, I will thorough by the grace of
lans with me that toucheth upon that string. God, follow after what shall please him to
For love of Christ, let me have early in- send.”—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 250.
structions what I am to do, and then I trust
we shall be able (and that alone will be I

HOLLAND insinuated that he was insane,
assure you a mighty work) to hold ourselves
here upon the stayes, by one means or other. and to have it said he had been confined
I humbly thank you for your friendly and three quarters of a year. If I understand
kind wishes to my safety; but if it be the his reply, he had been delirious three days
will of God to bring upon us for our sins in his childhood.—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 292.
that fiery trial, all the respects of this life
laid aside, it shall appear more by actions

1638. To Newcastlethan words, that I can never think myself

“ In sadness I judge my wisdom in mantoo good to die for my gracious master, or favour my skin in the zealous and just pro- know my desires and resolutions in the

ageing of affairs to be very small, yet do secution of his commands, statutum est se

pursuit of my masters commands and trusts mel.”—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 202.

to be so just and faithful, that I am not out

of hope within a little more time to have as Of the Scottish business, he says to Lord few declared enemies, as now I have many. Clifford, (Aug. 1638,) as I am not at all Surely when they shall find how much they advised with hitherto, to speak of, so I shall have been misinformed of me, they will more voluntarily interest myself in, as in either for truth sake, or shame give me truth having in this kingdom sufficient, if

In the mean time I shall practise not too much for one man to go through quietness in my own thoughts, and patience with.”—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 208.

towards other men.”—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 256.


To Laud,“ Undoubtedly that business 1638. “ If it shall not please God to put concerning Mr. Croxton is at rest, for I the Scottish subjects into their right wits hear no more of it, for which I am glad. again, that they do humbly and repentantly For as the times are now disposed, the conform to your Majesty's will, I shall give fewer of those questions are stirred the order that for this next year there be paid better. However Dr. Sing, nor all the at York to Sir William Uvedale your treaminstrels in Ireland to help him, shall nei- surer for the wars, as my rents come in, ther sing nor play me forth of the remem- £1000 at Midsummer, and £1000 at Christbrance I have upon what terms Mr. Croxton mas; and if this be not sufficient, I do most was commended unto me before I touched humbly beseech your Majesty command all Irish earth, and so both they and he shall I have there to the uttermost farthing. find if there be occasion.” — Ibid. vol. 2, p. And I am desired by the Master of the 249.

Rolls, and Sir George Radcliffe, that £500

betwixt them may be accepted upon the “I UNDERSTAND I am deep in that lord's same terms and the same days of payment. displeasure, (Hamilton's) but why or where- | And in like manner a young Captain of fore, by all Truth I know not, and therefore your Majesty's, my brother, that hath some care not. I procure daily so many ill fortune by his wife there, £100." — Vol. 2, wishers, keep the friends I have with so much difficulty, in this rigid way I go for my master's service, as almost makes busi- I THANK God I never found a purpose ness unwelcome unto me, yet so long as I in my heart to wrong any creature; yet for

p. 279.

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all that, on the other side, I confess a na- time or other bring forth ill effects. What tural stiffness there which hardly brooks an those are we now see and feel at one and injury unprovoked, and causelessly put the same instant.”—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 325. upon me.”—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 284.

“ The Archbishop of Tuam says to him " WHENEVER I fail to the uttermost of

on his departure—this kingdom shall give my skill and power to serve his person and you no other valediction than was given to crown faithfully and justly, let shame cover Josiah me at after as a cloak, and be for ever

-similem cui nulla dederunt fastened to my posterity as a garment not Sæcula, cui similem sæcula nulla dabunt.” to be cast off.”—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 286.

1640. Good Friday, “ Argyl having sent him some publica- “ But this is not a season for bemoaning tions of the Covenanters, he returns his of myself; for I shall cheerfully venture Majesty's most gracious proclamation, one this crazed vessel of mine, and either by for all, instar omnium indeed; neither to my God's help wait upon your Majesty before seeming is it ingrete, for Glaucus his ex- that Parliament begin, or else deposite this change you will find it, our gold for your infirm humanity of mine in the dust.”. brass.”—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 299.

Ibid. vol. 2, p. 403.

1639. “ If his Majesty's mind had been “ Of all things I love not to put off my known to me in time, I could have as easily cloaths, and go to bed in a storm." Ibid. have secured it (Dunbarton) against all the vol. 2, p. 408. Covenanters and devils in Scotland, as now walk up and down this chamber: but where trusts and instructions come too late, there

" Old RICHARD (?) hath sworn against the business is sure to be lost. Besides

me gallantly; and thus, battered and blown sometimes overmuch

upon on all sides, I go on the way consecresy

towards persons that wish well to business, doth as

tentedly, take up the Cross, and gently much hurt, depriving ourselves by that tread those steps, which I trust lead me to means of their concurrent counsels and as

quietness at last.”—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 415. sistance, as at another time the inconsiderate discovering ourselves to such as wish ill

Last Letter to his son.

Ibid. vol. 2, p. unto them. For my own part I never was

417. much in love with the way of King James his keeping of all the affairs of that kingdom His last suit to the king by Usher, was of Scotland amongst those of that nation, that he could be pleased to remember two but carried indeed as a mystery to all the of his friends, Ormond and Sir G. Radcliffe. council of England; a rule but overmuch -RADCLIFFE's Life of Strafford. kept by our master also; which I have told my Lord of Portland many and often a He never did any thing of any moment time, plainly professing unto him, that I without taking advice. Care to discountewas much afraid that course would at one nance drunkenness in Ireland. — Ibid. p.

433. I" At after souper goth this noble king To seen this horse of bras," &c.

“I LEARNED one rule of him," says Sir G. CHAUCER. The Squire's Tale. J. W.W. RADCLIFFE, “which I think worthy to be re

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