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he is only good-naturedly mischievous. They also know, probably as well as the principal, whether a harsh or a mild punishment will best serve the purpose of reform. So the club by vote passes sentence. If it is the culprit's first offence the strong probability is that they will require him to apologize not only to the teacher but to the club. The offender, if he be of the stubborn sort, will consider carefully before he refuses. No youngster wishes to be held in contempt by his playmates. He must have comradeship. If he declines to make amends for breach of good conduct he knows that he will be obliged to do his playing by himself, and it is an exceptional case where a boy will refuse to
pay the penalty imposed by a jury of his peers. Janus
They have uo court of appeal in these clubs. The prinJanus am I, oldest of potentate!
cipal abides by the finding of the jury. When the club susForward I look and backward, and below
pends one of its members from school the principal carries I count - as god of avenues and gates
out the sentence. If the penalty be too severe the teacher The years that through my portals come and go. I block the roads and drift the fields with snow,
will point out in a friendly, never a mandatory way, where a I chase the wild fowl from the frozen fen;
probable injustice has been done, and advise the club how My frosts congeal the rivers as they flow,
to remedy and to avoid a repetition of it in future. If it My fires light up the hearths and hearts of men.
has been too light a reform will likewise be pointed out, but - Sel.
never commanded. Common experience is proof that children have an instinctive sense of justice, and no one who
has not the power to touch that sense of justice should be (From Chicago Times Herald.)
permitted to teach. Results show that offenders very
seldom fail to recognize that revenge cuts no figure in the Self Government in Two Chicago penalty imposed, and that an arbitrary spirit does not exist. Schools
Organizations in Each Division
The social effect of these clubs is marked. Each division The Horace Mann and John Crerar Schools has one such organization. Each chooses a name. In the N the Horace Mann grammar school there have been highest grade the club is called the Golden Rule; in established a series of clubs devoted to self-government.
another, Honor Club; in the fourth grade, the fanciful
name, Pretty Flowers, struck the youngsters, and one boy Each grade has its own club, and the members elect their
wears a pin engraved “P. F.” In the Honor Club each own officers and conduct their own affairs. Children
member has a badge bearing the name painted on ribbon. who have not yet reached the age of seven years are They meet regularly and discuss various questions pertainmemers, and the oldest pupil is not yet sixteen.
ing to good conduct. To say that the object of the clubs is the elevation of
One club meets weekly. A rule was made that each morals, would, perhaps, be not too broad. In fact, the
member should try to be helpful to some other scholar in motive which inspires them is desire for better deportment.
the way of self-government, and that such cases should be A comprehensive name for them would be “Good Conduct "
reported. Where a member had been derelict in this selfclubs. They were started just after the last Christmas
imposed duty he was fined 5 cents. The fines were devoted holidays, and now embrace about eighty per cent of the
to the purchase of photographs of American poets for the entire membership of the school. The organizations are
school-room. altogether voluntary. These juvenile clubs sit in judgment
Efforts to improve conduct by the force of a child's own on their members in and out of school, and hold each
will were not confined to the school-room and school playmember to accountability for his or her individual acts. In
ground, but were carried to the streets and to homes. In rare instances the penalty for infringing on general rules for
these clubs it is a very serious breach of ethics for a big boy good conduct is fixed by the school officers, while in most
to allow another lad to strike a boy “under his size," to cases of enforcing discipline the club governs by vote of its
get together in a gang and snowball peddlers, to refuse to members. In every case the pride of the pupil is appealed take part in a club entertainment, to break into another's to and worked on. His or her standing in the estimation
conversation, to take a twig for nature study without asking of fellows is affected by his or her conduct toward fellows, permission of the owner, to steal flowers, to be rude at table, and no scholar who misbehaved is able to maintain the
to refuse to tip the hat to a teacher or to a girl of his grade. good will and comradeship of those who strive to be
This custom of tipping the hat provoked animated discusrespectful and orderly. Additional to the punishment pro
sion at first. The boys insisted that the girls should return vided by rules of the school, these clubs have a less severe
the salutation, and they were strenuous about it. No doubt but more effective code, namely, of social ostracism.
they would have carried their point if the exigencies of the Nothing brings a wilfully bad boy to a realization of his conduct so quickly and so sharply as to manifest disapproval of hatpin had not presented an insuperable obstacle. Now,
the raising of hat or cap is almost universal in the school. his playmates, and experience shows that, while many boys Toward the teacher it is a friendly greeting, not the salute of grit can withstand the birch, it is an exceptional case
of a soldier in the ranks to his superior officer. where he is impervious to the silent punishment administered by his fellows in withdrawing from association with
Serves to Protect Property him at play.
This systematic work in behalf of self-government serves Workings of the Club Plan
to protect property. Some months ago a lady who lives in With the clubs good conduct is incited, not forced. the neighborhood of the Horace Mann school and has very Reward comes in the way of self-approval, and punishment fine grounds, made complaint of a mild sort of vandalism in the way of penalty fixed by equals, not by superiors. among her shrubs and Aowers by the pupils. The matter One instance will suffice to explain the workings of the club was taken up by the clubs and stopped at once. Since plan. A mischeivous boy shoots a bean and hits another early spring there has not been a single complaint lodged scholar on the ear. He is sent to the principal. This in the school of broken windows, limbs or twigs torn from officer refers the offense to the club made up of members trees or flowers stolen. Properly to estimate the value of of that room. They know the offender and the offense. the self-government clubs it should be borne in mind that a They know his record in the school-room, at play and on considerable part of the membership comes from children the street. They know whether he is malicious or whether whose home influence is not conducive to self-discipline.
Principal John T. Ray
We soaked into the dress. of the John Crerar grammar school first advanced the She tried to wring us out of the dress. theory of a pure democracy in the primary schools. He She could not get us all out, so she hung the dress on the presented it in a paper about a year ago and since then it line. has been taken up by educators on both sides of the Atlantic
The sun made me very light. and very widely discussed. He also was the first teacher to
here." put the theory into practice.
II Professor Ray starts out with the proposition that to the
The little vapors floated about for many days. average child entering the public schools the average
They joined other vapors. teacher is a despot in whose smile he lives and in whose frown he dies. The teacher in the child's mind is an
They were very light and thin.
A north wind struck them. autocrat. The first step which Mr. Ray takes is to teach
They crowded close together. the child that it is able to govern its own conduct under the
Then a little boy said, “ What a pretty cloud ! How direction of some other child whom the class shall select as
white you are !" leader. He teaches them, in language that a six-year-old
Other clouds came to them. can comprehend, the old Roman idea of the tribune.
One little cloud said, “ I am so heavy, I cannot stay here. explains the difference between a monarchy and a democ
I must fall. Good-bye.” racy. He shows how they may select a tribune who shall
It began to fall. The wind blew cold. not only serve as a sort of a leader among them, but act
Jack Frost was in the wind. as an intermediary between the pupil and the teacher or
He changed it into ice-needles. principal.
Six little ice-needles froze together.
Down, down they went.
They reached the ground. tion of a leader, whom, like the Romans, they call their
School was just out. tribune. One of his duties is to protect the weak, and to
“Oh, see the pretty snow-flakes !” said John. require all the strong ones in the class to assist him in such
“ They look like stars. protection. He is to settle all disputes which arise between
Every one has six points. pupils. He is to impress on each individual child that the
Now I can use my sled.” good name of the class is in his keeping. Last and most important, he must teach that order is the prime requisite of society and that each child has rights that every other child is bound to respect. In actual workings the tribune
Practical Work on Moths and is the judge, the friend and the companion of the class.
One of the first effects of the establishment of pure Butterflies in all Stages I democracy among children is the checking of an almost irresistible tendency to “tell on” somebody. When a child
Pupæ and Chrysalides comes to the principal with a story of some one “picking
CAROLINE G. SOULE Brookline Mass. on "some one else, the complainant is immediately referred to his tribune, who takes the matter up and settles it in S winter is here we will begin the work at the winter such manner as he deems just. The judgment of the tri
end,--the pupa or chrysalis stage. bune is often more effective than the same judgment would
“ Pupa " is used for the moths, and “ chrysalis ” be coming from a teacher, because the class stands at the
for butterflies, and the pupa may be in a cocoon or back of its tribune. His decree is the decree of the whole not, while the chrysalis is almost always not in a cocoon, or class.
even between leaves spun together. Professor Ray holds that there are many more good boys
As most moths and butterflies pass the winter in the than bad boys, and it is quite as easy for a right-minded pupal state it is clear that late autumn, winter, and early boy to become the leader as it is for the bad boy to run spring are good times for pupa-hunting. things. The democratic plan as opposed to the autocratic The chrysalides of butterflies may be found under the plan has had one year's trial at John Crerar school. Its cross-pieces of fences, in chinks of stone walls, hanging results thus far have vindicated the soundness of the theory from projecting rocks and edges of clapboards on houses that children are able at an early age to comprehend the and barns, under the edges of piles of boards or the woodprinciple of pure democracy and to put it into practice in pile, or logs; sometimes fastened flat against a wall or fence, all the acts of their lives.
and a few, as those of Eudamus tityrus, between leaves spun together and fallen to earth.
A very few, not in our part of the country, are in the ground, as in the Megathymus family found in the southern states and farther south. The chrysalides thus found are often stung, and give flies of
different kinds instead of the expected butterfly. MARY E. McMillan Jones School Chicago
An easy way to keep chrysalides is to fasten them to the I
sides of a wooden box, by a pin put through the silken tuft A basin of water was put in an open window.
from which each suspended chrysalis hangs. This tuft can It was a warm day.
easily be scraped off the stone or wood with a pen knife, but The sun shone upon the water.
care is needed to prevent injury to the chrysalis in the pro“How happy I feel," said one little drop.
If the chrysalis is suspended by a band of silk around “I want to fly away.”
the upper part, and a tuft at the lower end, both may be It began to stretch.
detached and fastened, by pins, to the box.
An empty It felt very 1.ght.
starch box is excellent for this. Have a pane of glass to slip It left the other drops and floated in the air.
into the grooves in which the cover slides, and then stand Then it said, “ I am not a water drop, now. My name is the box on end or on one side, fastening the chrysalide Vapor."
around the wooden sides. The box may be made presentOne said, “ I came from the tea-kettle.”
able by covering it with brown paper. Through the glass Another said, “ My home was in the river."
front all the process of the emergence of the butterflies may The third one said, “I came from away under the be seen. The sides and top should be left rough for the ground.
butterflies to climb by or hang from while their wings are The pump pulled me up.
expanding and drying, though some kinds will hang from Mary put me in the tub with other water drops.
" shell." She put a dress in the tub.
Chrysalides, when they hang by one end only should be fas
tened to the top of the box, just as they hung when found. cocoon will often decide whether it is good or not. CutThe box should stand in a cool place and out of the sun, ting it open will always show, but this must be carefully though in light. Butterflies, as far as my experience goes, done with very sharp scissors, and beginning at the looser usually emerge in the morning, and my records show more end of the cocoon. The first attempt will be very likely to between nine and ten o'clock than at any other time. cut into the pupa.
After the wings are dry and the legs and antennæ have On ailanthus and tulip-tree, magnolia and castor-bean been exercised, the butterfly may often be made to feed by you may find cocoons of Samia cynthia, very like those of putting into the cage a few drops of honey or sugar and promethea. water. The food must be put close to the head of the Attacus Cecropiu spins a larger, brown cocoon against a butterfly however, and sometimes putting it on a bit of fence or building, or more often along the stems of a shrub bright-colored paper will attract the insect's attention to it. or sapling, or along a small branch of a tree. I have found Of course feeding gives the best chance of seeing its long its cocoons on oak, wild cherry, lilac, against a large stem tongue.
of woodbine, and on the under side of fence rails. A friend and I once had a large wire cage full of butter- Telea polyphemus and actias luna may be found among flies which emerged from chrysalides made by caterpillars dry leaves near birch, beech, walnut, hickory, oak, willow, we had reared or found, and these butterflies learned to fly liquidambar, and tulip-tree. Attacus Angulifera I have to our hands when we put them iuto the cage, perch on them never known to suspend its cocoon, like promethea, to or on our fingers, and eat honey which we had poured into which it is closely allied, but one writer claims to find it our palms. If they have plenty of room to fly about in and so on Ceanothus. Its cocoons have been found under flowers or honey to feed on, butterflies will sometimes mate Ceanothus and tulip-tree.
The cocoons of Attacus Ceanothi are much like those of A. Cecropia, but rounder and shorter. They are found only in the west and south.
Eacles imperialis and Citheronia regalis larvæ burrow in the ground to pupate, and their pupæ may be found by digging around hickory, walnut, maple, and sometimes pine trees, though I believe regalis never feeds on pine or maple.
Pupæ of the sphingid moths may be found by digging around woodbines, grape-vines, in potato fields, about willow, elm, poplar, pine, bush honeysuckle, tomato plants, ash, catalpa, fig, azalea, viburnum, cephalanthus, plum, wild cherry, birch, apple, pear, high blueberry and whortleberry hickory, walnut, and so forth.
The best way to keep these pupa for school use, would be to put them into cut-up sphagnum, dry, in a tin box, shutting the cover tight, and keeping the box in a cold cellar until April, or May, if the spring is late. Then bring them up and put them in a box like that for the chrysalides only covering the side which is used as the bottom of the cage with sphagnum to the depth of two inches. Sprinkle this once in a while if the room is warm, but look out for mould. In keeping pupa guard against mice, who will eat pupæ, and larvæ too, if they can get at them.
In hunting for cocoons and pupæ you will doubtless find many which I have not mentioned, for I have given only a few specimens to show in what kinds of places they may be found. Moths may emerge at any time of day or night, in captivity. I think that outdoors they probably emerge in the day in order to be ready to fly by dusk or dark, for I have so often found in the morning moths still moist and unable to fly.
Most of the large moths – Bombycid moths at least — have a decided odor, what one friend calls “ a real menagerie smell,” which varies in different species, and is a sexual attraction.
By tying a bit of worsted around the thorax of a female Attacus promethea. Female moth, with large body and small attennæ.
moth, between the two pairs of wings, and tying the other with small body and broad antennæ. Cocoon, spun to a twig
end to a twig or vine, a male may almost always be attracted,
mating follows, and the female will lay fertile eggs when in captivity, but it is safer to let them fly outdoors.
taken in and put into a suitable box. Cocoons of moths may be found in the same places as the chrysalides of butterflies, and also hanging from twigs, spun along twigs, and enfolded by leaves either on the tree or on
When the mathematician would solve a difficult problem, the ground.
he first frees the equation of all its incumbrances and Look on any wild cherry, willow, tulip-tree, ash, sassafras, reduces it to its simplest terms. So simplify the problem of maple, plum, and if you see a leaf dangling, after the leaves life, distinguish the necessary and the real.
. Probe the earth have fallen in autumn, examine that leaf. More often than to see where your main roots run. - Kate Field. not you will find that it is held to the twig by a shining band of silk, and is also held together around a cocoon. You will also find that, in most cases, it is easier to cut the After Jimmy had attended school a few days he begged to stay twig than to break the silk! These cocoons will probably be at home. “ Because," said he, “teacher says we musn't talk and those of Attacus promethea, and you should collect many of I'm so tired of whispering!” them, for some will have “stung" pupæ, and give only Aies, and in others the larvæ will have failed to transform, and have died. Shake the cocoon and if it gives a thud the
Deacon. Boys! boys! you should'nt play marbles to-day. pupa is sound, but if the noise is slight or wanting the pupa
Sunday's a day of rest, you know. is of no use, - or the contents are dead. The weight of a • Yes, sir, we knows it, but we ain't tired, sir."
Justice for Tardy Pupils
Reindeer in the Klondike (Tell the children about this region and the gold discoveries.— ED )
E. D. K. Many interesting stories are being told about the animals and fish that are to be found in the Klondike regions. One
SHE bell struck for nine o'clock. The teacher proparticularly instructive account of the reindeer of Alaska ceeded to open the school. A timid click at the has reached us.
latch announced that somebody was late, and that Years ago, naturalists familiar with the habits of this
the record of tardiness, which had been kept spotless animal thought that it could be made as useful in the so far during the month, had lost its blank purity. As the northern parts of America as it is in Lapland and the
door was opened a little girl with tearful eyes stepped northern countries of Europe and Asia.
slowly into the school-room, encountered the disappointed To the dwellers in these regions
faces of her class, who were trying so hard “ to go a whole the reindeer fills the place of
month without a tardiness," and stood there the picture of horse, cow and sheep. It can The teacher, feeling that it was no ordinary case, carry a burden of 250 pounds;
held out her hand, and Annie was soon clasped close to her and, while its usual speed is about
teacher-friend, as she sobbed out a perfectly satisfactory ten miles an hour, it is so fleet
reason for the unusual lateness, and was sent to her seat of foot that on occasions it has
with the kindest words of sympathy for the sickness at home covered as much as nineteen
that had made the sickness at heart of the little innocent miles an hour. It can, more
victim who had spoiled the monthly record. over, keep up its normal pace
A half-hour passed, and the school looked up to for many hours without tiring.
see the incorrigible boy of the class saunter in, with his Its meat makes delicious food;
hands in his pockets, and a “What-are-you-going-to-doits milk is excellent; its skin is
about-it?" air that touched another side of the teacher's valuable for leather; and, above
character, and she stood silently and LOOKED that boy into all, it can support itselt on a moss
soberness and shame, if not contrition. The silence of the called reindeer
room moss, which
was oppressive. John could have borne anything abounds in all cold countries.
botter, and the teacher knew it. After the power of the Appreciating the various good voiceless reception had waned, the teacher ascertained that, qualities possessed by the rein
as she had supposed, the lateness was but the result of deer, Congress decided to pur
thoughtless indifference to time and school rules, and she Little Mae Carr is a Klondike girl, born in the gold region. She chase a number of these animals
pronounced a penalty as severe as the accasion demanded. is only about three years old. She dresses like a little boy and goes in Siberia, and transplant them
Next day was Friday; the last hour was always a happy out mining. She is washing out to Alaska.
one with the children, in the games, puzzles, stories, and gold now in a frying pan. At first the experiment did
general good time, in which the teacher was the leading not seem to be successful. The animals did not thrive;
spirit. John, as a part of his penalty, left his class, and after a while it occurred to some one that the cause of
stood aside, alone, a mere looker-on during that hour of this was perhaps that the keepers in charge of them were
gayety. A teacher dropping in and inquiring the cause of not experienced in their ways, and did not know how to
John's solitude, said,“ Why, tardiness is not the worst thing treat them.
in the world, is it?" Let me answer that question here, A few Lapland families were therefore imported for the
which was not answered then. express purpose of caring for the animals, and in a very Let us look for the underlying causes that produced the short space of time a great difference was noted. The
lateness in question. John's home was a poor one. Regureindeer began to thrive, and increased so rapidly that we
larity was unknown, and poor John's wayward fancies were
not regulated by clock, or home discipline. He came and have now quite a fine herd. None of the miners in the Klondike have as yet attempted
went regardless of others' wishes or convenience, and the to make use of these clever beasts; but it is expected that
result was an unconscious selfishness that was warping his ere long reindeer sledges and reindeer trains will be as
character. The respect due to law had never entered into familiar in Alaska as they are in northern Asia and Europe.
his home-training. The binding obligation to be in his seat The Great Round World
by nine o'clock, in obedience to school rule, was not recognized by him. This inherent irreverence for abstract law that marks our American children under the most efficient
home-training, left to itself, fills our reform schools and Holding Court
state prisons. Thus, if for no other reason than the trainThe winsome lady who holds court in her modest school- ing of this unfortunate boy in a correct regard for authority, room, her courtiers seldom forgetting that they are little should his teacher have emphasized her condemnation of ladies and gentlemen, does this only because she has their this particular form of failure in duty. hearts; and their hearts she can have only as she can con
She had explained these underlying reasons for punctutrol their thoughts; and their thoughts she controls only ality to her children in her school-talks, and they had been through her own fine personality, and by constantly putting made to feel that to be late for any requirement meant into their receptive minds suggestions pleasing and whole- something more than a mere delay. If John wilfully dissome. She lives out her own beautiful and earnest life with regarded the feelings of his teacher and fifty classmates by them. By quiet example, by personal appeal, by song and spoiling their plans for a clean monthly record, then the story she reaches them. She knows the best in literature least puuishment that he could receive was to be excluded and in life, and she gives them of her best, and they go out from their “good times.” A true, warm-hearted teacher from her with a wealth of treasure in heart and mind that will suffer more than the boy, in thus seeing him isolated for not of a few of her pupils, will be cumulative for a life- from innocent enjoyment, but her duty in character-buildtime. She holds, with Froebel, that “all education not ing is as imperative as in book-teaching — nay, more. founded on religion is unproductive"; and, with Warner, In all the parts that go to make the whole of a symmetrithat “Good literature is as necessary to the growth of the
cal character, punctuality is one of the most important
. soul as good air to the growth of the body, and that it is The want of promptness in meeting requirements and just as bad to put weak thought into the mind of a child as engagements is the direct result of selfishness (either conto shut it up in a room that is unventilated.”—J. P.
scious or unconscious) in the disregard of the interest of McCaskey.
others. It is a certain index of the weakness of a fibre that
interweaves in the web of character, reappearing here and “ How old are you now, Cyrus?” asked a visitor.
" I'm five,'
there, to mar the beauty of the texture. The business-man said the little man, but with a very disgusted air. “I would
who advertised for an office boy, and sent away, unseen, all have been six long ago, only my mamma keeps me in dresses ! ” who came five minutes late.
Nature in Winter
E. B. GURTON UTDOORS” does not come to an end with summer or autumn. Winter has much to offer to seeing eyes.
Call the attention of the children to the fact that the sky looks bluer over the top and slopes of a snowcovered hill and that all the shadows on snow are blue.
Teach them to notice the circles and scrolls written on the clean snow by pendent, wind-swung grasses and stems.
How a Pond Freezes Lead them to observe how ice forms on a pond. The edge first shows little points and spicules of thin ice, and these reach out farther and farther and unite and make larger points — “fingers" the children will be likely to call them
- until at last the whole surface is covered. IN E neary.
Icicles The formation of icicles ! The snow melts on the sunny roof, then trickles down over the edge into the shade ; then the trickle grows slower and slower until it stops and a little
bit of ice is formed. Meanwhile all the water from that "Give me of your bark, O Birch. Tree Of your yellow bark, O Birch Tree!
special bit of melting snow is trickling down the same path, Growing by the rushing river,
and runs over the ice a little farther because as the snow Tall and stately in the valley."
melts more the little stream is bigger and has more force.
Thus the bit of ice grows longer as it hangs from the edge (From Miss Cherry's Sewing Cards)
of the roof, for the drops run down the ice already formed,
and, in the cold shade, freeze to the end of the ice, and it Sex in the School-Room grows longer and longer until it is a big icicle or until the
snow is gone, or the sun no longer lies on it. A word to those who are fortunate enough to have a mixed school of boys and girls. fortunate," for it
Snow Crystals seems that the only true way to prepare the coming man If there is a little cold “ dry'' snow, try a little window and women to walk side by side through life, is to teach work. Bundle the children into hats, coats, and mittens ; them to step together in the school-room. Each loses the give each one a slate, and open a window. unattractive shyness, and painful self-consciousness, which Let each child hold his slate out under the falling snow marks the first association of the boy and girl who have until it is lightly powdered with flakes,- then look at them? been educated apart. The boy needs the gentleness and Beautiful? Indeed they are ! And what infinite variety inspiratory stimulus of the girl's presence, and the girl finds of shapes ! But there is one characteristic common to alí, in the independent strength of the boy, the necessary com- six ways or points. That is the law for snowflakes when plement to her own nature. In such a school the oppor- formed under favorable circumstances undisturbed. They tunities are countless for the proper adjustment of the life are crystals and are always true to their type as are any of relation. Above a'l things let us discountenance any com- the gems or other durable crystals. pulsory association between the sexes, as a penalty, and so But there are many and most beautiful variations of the pervert the true intention of sex association by the Creator. type, all keeping the six rays, but decorating them, and The boy and girl should be sent to each other for assist- forming designs which will suggest to you cathedral winance in lessons, whenever desirable, and any hesitation dows, or beautiful old carvings or fretwork. arising on either side should be entirely ignored by the Hold a magnifying glass over each one and let the chilteacher.
dren look through it. Children always love a magnifier, A boy who is taught from boyhood to seek for opportun- and I never saw a child who did not also delight in snowities to help his girl acquaintances, is not going to be the flakes. man to oppose a broader channel for woman; and the girl Give each one a turn at holring his slate out for more, who is taught to gratefully recognize this chivalry of boy. the variety is infinite, and you will not be likely to find too hood, will not grow to be the woman to ask for
Some may be broken so that the six points unwomanly sphere.-E. D. K.
cannot be counted, but that is easy to explain.
The question is pretty sure to come, “Why don't the great big snowflakes have pretty shapes too?" and this may
be answered — “Because they are wetter and made up of Winter Skies
many little snowflakes frozen together." So the skies of winter are unkind?
The room has grown too cold to keep the window open Watch sharp the stars and I think you will find, longer? Then off with the coats and hats and let the chilThat instead of looking 'round the blue,
dren group themselves into the shapes of some of the snowThey glance straight down and right at you. The sight of all sights for bright young eyes,
Aakes, then huddle two or three snowflakes of children into Is hung up there in the winter skies.
one big bunch and they will easily see how the little ones And mark you not how clear the air is?
lose shape in joining together to make one big one.
Let them draw snowflakes on the board or slates, (they
always enjoy this,) and after once doing all this they will - John Vanre Cheney never forget snowflake beauty.
Tyndall's “ The Forms of Water,” page 32, gives fourteen
different shapes of snow crystals clearly figured. Papa was giving the children a little lesson in arithmetic one
Mosses evening. “Remember, you cannot add numbers unless they are of the same kind," said he. "Now three cents and two cents Go out some day in February — late January will do also and six cents make eleven cents, but if you tried to add three
— when snow is melting and look carefully on tree-trunks, apples and two oranges and six sticks of candy, what would you have?”
fences, ground, and stone walls. You see the little patches “ A treat!” answered six-year-old Winny, with sparkling eyes. of green moss? Look at them closely. There are several