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red and black, in moist not swampy ground, knowing it to be the common misfortune
best in small vallies, between the rocks. attendant on old age; so that they may be
Strawberries very fine, and raspberries best said to wait patiently for the melancholy
where the soil has been burnt. Blueberries hour when, being no longer capable of walk-
on bushes which grow to eighteen inches or ing, they are to be left alone, to starve and
two feet, but generally much lower ; a fine perish for want. This, however shocking
plum bloom. Hips in such quantities as to and unnatural it may appear, is so common
make the spots where they grow look quite that among those people one-half at least of
red at a distance.”—Ibid.

the aged persons of both sexes absolutely
die in this miserable condition."-Ibid.

Birds. * The brown fishing eagle. Snowy owl,

[North and South-Indians' Name for the a bird that follows the hunter all day long,

Aurora Borealis.] and seizes the fowls he shoots. Ravens

“ The North Indians call the Aurora Boof richest black, tinged with purple and violet hues. The ruffed grouse. Delicate

realis Ed-thin, that is, deer; and when that brown, varied prettily with black and white,

meteor is very bright, they say that deer is hawk-like tail, of orange, barred with black, plentiful in that part of the atmosphere ; brown, and white, and often spread like a

but they have never yet extended their ideas fan. A ruff of glossy black feathers, tinged celestial animals. Their ideas in this respect

so far as to entertain hopes of tasting those with rich purple round the neck, which they can erect. In winter they are usually

are founded on a principle one would not found perched on the pine branches, and imagine. Experience has shown them that easily taken. Their nests generally at the

when a hairy deer-skin is briskly stroked root of a tree, twelve or fourteen eggs. It

with the hand in a dark night, it will emit is remarkable, and perhaps peculiar to these many sparks of electrical fire, as the back

of a cat will. The idea which the Southern birds, that they clap their wings with such

Indians have of this meteor is equally roforce, that at half a mile distance it resembles thunder. The sharp-tailed grouse mantic, though more pleasing, as they bedive through the snow. Red-breasted thrush, lieve it to be the spirits of their departed of sweet song. Larks. Sand martins. Bit

friends dancing in the clouds; and when terns. Pelicans. Swans."--Ibid.

the Aurora Borealis is remarkably bright,
at which time they vary most in colour,

form, and situation, they say their deceased [Ou Age the North-Indian's Misfortune.]

friends are very merry." “OLD

age is the greatest calamity that can befall a North Indian ; for when he is past labour he is neglected and treated with great

[Fairies called Nant-e-na.] disrespect, even by his own children. They “They are very superstitious with respect not only serve him last at meals, but gene- to the existence of several kinds of fairies, rally give him the coarsest and worst of the called by them Nant-e-na, whom they frevictuals; and such of the skins as they do quently say they see, and who are supposed not choose to wear, are made up in the clum- by them to inhabit the different elements of siest manner into clothing for their aged pa- earth, sea, and air, according to their severents ; who, as they had, in all probability, ral qualities. To one or other of these faitreated their fathers and mothers with the ries they usually attribute any change in same neglect, in their turns submitted pa- their circumstances, either for the better or tiently to their lot, even without a murmur,

worse."-Ibid.

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affrighted, and then put in, he came out in Animals.

a few hours all amazed, and told strange Moose. Ermine. Varying hare. Por- stories of his going under ground, &c. To cupine. Beaver. Squirrel.-—Ibid.

prevent this delusion for the future, the lords justices caused the fryers to depart, and laid

the hole open and exposed to the air."[Beware of Wales.]

Admirable Curiosities, Rarities, and Wonders

in England, gc. The poem in Hakluyt's Collection, called the Libel of English Policie, says, “ Beware of Wales, Christ Jesu must us

[The Irontones of Tucuman.] keepe That it make not our childers childe to

“The people of Tucuman, whom the Spa

niards call Irontones, fix the bodies of the weepe."

enemies they kill, in rows to the trunks of [Irish Gold and Silver Mines.]

trees, for a terror, that the borderers may

not dare to go over to hunt in their liberIn the same poem mention is made of gold ties.”—F. NICHOLAS DEL Techo. and silver mines in Ireland. “ Of silver and golde there is the oore, Among the wilde Irish, though they be poore, For they are rude, and can thereon no skill;

Hy Brasail, or, the Enchanted Island. So that if we had their peace and good will

"ARRAN-MORE, the largest of the south To myne and fine, and metal for to pure, isles of Arran, on the coast of Galway. Here In wilde Irish might we finde the oure,

several of the ancient Irish saints were buAs in London saith a juellere,

ried, whence the island obtained the name Which brought from thence golde oore to

of Arrannanoim. The inhabitants are still us here,

persuaded that in a clear day they can see Whereof was fyned mettal good and clene, from this coast Hy Brasail, or the inchanted As they touch, no better could be seene.” island, the paradise of the Pagan Irish, and

concerning which they relate a number of romantic stories."— Collectanea de Rebus

Hibernicis. BEAUFORD's Ancient TopograSt. Patrick's Purgatory.

phy of Ireland. “About the latter end of king James, the truth of the matter was discovered by the Earl of Cork and the Lord Chancellor, who, de

“The old Irish say great part of Ireland sirous to know the truth, sent some persons

was swallowed by the sea, and that the of quality to inquire exactly into it: who sunken part often rises, and is to be seen found that this miraculous cave descending

on the horizon frequently from the northern down to the bottom of hell, was no other but

coast. On the north west of the island, this a little cell digged out of the rocky ground, part so appearing is called Tir-Hudi, or the without any windows or holes, so as the door | city of Ilud; that it contains a city which being shut, it was utterly dark, being of so

once possessed all the riches of the world, little depth that a tall man could not stand the key of which lies buried under some upright in it; and of no greater capacity than druidical monument."Collectanea, No. 14. to hold six or seven persons. Now when Int. p. 52. VALLANCEY. any desire to go this pilgrimage, he was kept fasting and watching by the fryers, and told WHEN Mr. Burton went in search of the wonderful stories, so that being thoroughly | Ogham monumenton Callan mountain, 1785,

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“the common people could not be convinced | de le mener aprés ledit de Talbot son mais. that the search was made after an inscrip- tre, et le mena par dessous le bras, bien tion, but after an enchanted key that lies demy traict d'arc de distance, mais ils n'euswith the interred hero Conane (the monu- sent jamais peu atteindre les Anglois. Lors ment is called Conane's tomb), which when iceluy Bourg voyant les Anglois s'en aller found will restore an enchanted city sunken en grand desordre, reconnut bien qu'ils on the neighbouring shore of the Atlantic avoient du pire, si prit l'Augustin a bons sea, to its former splendour, and convert poings, et luy dit qu'il n'iroit plus avant, the hideous moory heights of Callan moun- et que s'il ne le portoit jusques a Orleans, tain into rich fruitful plains. Their imagi- il luy feroit où feroit faire desplaisir. Et nations are heated in this gloomy aweful combien qu'il y eut tousjours des Anglois wild, expecting also great riches whenever y Francois qui escarmouchoient encore, this city is discovered.”—Coll. No. 14. toutesfois cet Augustin par force et conNotes, p. 529.

trainte le porta sur ses espaules jusques a

Orleans." Quære? P. DANIEL.' 130. Tuis resurging part of the island is called 0 Breasal, or O Brazil. The royal island. Colonel Vallancey says it is evi

[The Maid and the Voice.] dently the lost city of Arabian story, visited

Said the maid, “En nom Dieu je sçay by their fabulous prophet, Houd. He com- bien ce que vous pensez, et voulez dire de bines it with the remarks of Whitehurst upon la voix que j'ay ouye touchant vostre Sacre, the Giant's Causeway, and suspects it al- et je le vous diray. Je me suis mise en ludes to the lost Atlantis, which Whiteburst oraison, en ma maniere accoustumée, je me thinks perhaps existed there.

complaignois, pour ce qu'on ne me vouloit Is that very extraordinary phenomenon, pas croire de ce que je disois; et lors la seen from Sicily, ever seen on the Irish

voix me dit,“Fille va, va, je seray a ton ayde, coast-the palace of Morjaine le Fay? If va!' Et quand cette voix me vient, je suis so, an actual apparition explains the tale.? tant resjouye que merveilles. Et en disant

lesdites paroles, elle levoit les yeux au ciel,
en monstrant signe d'une grande exulta-

tion."-Ibid. 133.
[Le Capitaine Bourg-de-Bar.]
“Les Anglois détenoient prisonnier en
leur bastille un Capitaine François nommé le

[Richemont's Humanity.] Bourg-de-Bar, lequel estoit enferré par les RICHEMONT, when he took Saint Severe, pieds d'un gros et pesant fer, tellement qu'il “Fit nourrir plus de cent enfans que les ne pouvoit aller, et estoit souvent visité par meres avoient laissez, les unes prises, et les un Augustin Anglois Confesseur de Talbot, autres enfuyes, et fit amener des chevres maistre dudit prisonnier. Le dit Augustin pour les allaiter.”—Ibid. 372. avoit accoustumé de luy donner à manger, et ledit de Talbot se fioit en luy de le bien garder comme son prisonnier, esperant d'en

Dagobert's Soul fought for. avoir une grosse finance, ou delivrance d'autres prisonniers. Donc quand cet Augustin de Sicile, aborde a une petite Ile, et en

“ ANSOALDE, revenant de son Ambassade vid les Anglois se retirer ainsi hastivement, il demeura avec ledit prisonnier en intention See note on “ Joan of Arc,” p. 24, where it

is said that “Richemont has left an honourable " SOUTHEY's conjecture is quite correct. See name, though he tied a prime minister up in a notes on Madoc in Wales, xi. p. 342, where most sack, and threw him into the river." P. DANIEL of this is given.-J. W. W.

is the authority.-J. W. W.

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tre en conversation avec un vieux Anacho

Thick Heads in Brazil.
rete nomme Jean, et parlant des Gaules et
du Roi Dagobert, Jean lui dit, qu'aiant été

“BLOCKHEADS and loggerheads are in averti de prier Dieu pour l'Ame de ce

request in Brasil, and helmets are of little Prince, il avoit vu, sur la mer, des Diables use, every one having an artificialized naqui tenoient le Roi Dagobert lie sur un Es- turall morion of his head; for the Brasilians quif, et le menoient, en le battant, aux ma

heads, some of them are as hard as the wood noirs de Vulcain. Que Dagobert crioit, that growes in their country, for they canappellant a son secours S. Denis, S. Mau- not be broken, and they have them so hard rice, et S. Martin, les priant de le delivrer that ours in comparison of theirs are like a et de le conduire dans le sein d'Abraham. pompion ; and when they will injure any Ces Saints coururent apres les diables, leur white man, they call him soft head, so that arrachérent cette Ame, et l'emmenérent au

hard-head and block-head, termes of reCiel, en chantant des versets des Pseaumes." proach with us, attributed to them would This legend is sculptured on the monu

be taken for terms of honour and gentlement of Dagobert I.

Thresor des Anti- man-like qualifications. This property they quitez de la Couronne de France. 1745.- purchased by art, with going bare-headed, T. 1, pl. 14.

which is a certain way to attain unto the quality of a Brasilian chevalier, and to har

den the tender head of any Priscian, beyond Unction of Charles V. of France.

the fear of breaking, or needing the imperAt the unction of Charles V. the twelve tinent plaister of pedantic mountebanks. peers are represented each stretching out

“ The Indians of Hispaniola, the skuls of his right hand towards the king.

their heads are so hard and thick, that the

Spaniards agreed that the head of an InWhite Horse of Royalty, g-c., French head- dian, although bare, was not to be struck, dress.

for fear of breaking their swords."-Bul“ The white horse was the mark of so

wer's Man Transformd, or The Artificiall vereignty. Margaret, daughter of James, Changeling. 1654. king of Scotland, is represented on one when she entered Tours as the future Dauphiness. Her head-dress, and that of her female at

Dirty-headed Irish. tendants, is the coëffure pointue, which was “To what use or purpose should that fashionable almost during two centuries. It superfluous crop of hair serve? or what is thus shaped. From the top falls a long emolument it can bring, none can see, unwhite robe, hanging strait to the elbow, and lesse it be to breed lice and dandro,' after there thrown over the arm. No hair is vi- the manner of your Irish ; who, as they are sible, nor any thing between the face and a nation estranged from any human excelhat. Their waists are short, exactly as they lency, scarce acknowledge any other use of should be to render the form most graceful, their haire than to wipe their hands from long sleeves, and the dresses long. A white the fat and dirt of their meales, and any handkerchief, or rather sash, crosses the other filth, for which cause they nourish long shoulders, and meets upon the breast, under fealt locks, hanging down to their shoulders, which the gown comes up, straight bordered which they are wont to use instead of napabove. The neck quite bare, and unorna- kins, to wipe their greasie fingers."—Bulmented. 1436. These figures please me much."-T. 2. Planche, 156. See Tran. of Commines. p. 6, note upon the Excess of driff," i.e. scurf; from the Anglo-Saxon “Tun,"

This is evidently the old form of “ dan. Luxury.

a tetter, and Drop, filth.-J. W. W.

WER.

nations they subjugated, with great success Welsh Raggedness.

as long as sun-worship held good. But at “ SCHYR MAWRICE, alsua the Berclay length they came to a people who, situated Fra the gret bataill held hys way,

on a rocky coast in a sultry climate, could With a gret rout of Walis men,

not in conscience submit to adore a being Quhareuir thai yeid men mycht thaim ken. almost insupportable, and consequently odiFor thai wele ner all nakyt war,

ous to them; and durst propose to their Or lynnyn clathys had but mar."

conquerors to quit their irrational idolatry, The Bruce, book xiii. p. 417. and to worship with themselves their mother

and goddess the sea, the inexhausted giver Pinkerton says,

“ this anecdote of the of good things.”—Letter from North AmeWelch in the fourteenth century is curious. rica, in a Pocket of Prose and Verse, being a They appeared naked even to Scotish pea- Selection from the Literary Productions of sants."

ALEXANDER KELLET.

is sua

Chivalrous Speech.
The Douglas. “LORDINGS, he said, sen it

Men Ornamented, not Women.

“ A young man among the Indians is That we haff chasyt on sic maner,

dressed with visible attention; a warrior is That we now cummyn ar sa ner,

a furious beau, and a woman, the Asiatic, That we may not eschew the fycht, the European, the African Doll, is with Bot giff we fouly tak the flycht;

them a neglected squat animal, whose hair Lat ilkane on his leman mene;

is stroked over those glistening eyes it dares And how he mony tym has bene

not uplift, and who seldom uses its aspen In gret thrang and weill cummyn away ; tongue,' and when it does, is scarcely loud Think we to do rycht sua to day." enough to be heard. When we reproach Ibid. book xv. 346. the Indians on this account, they point to

their animated woods, and tell us that they see not whence we have picked up a con

trary practice; but that they themselves Ileart of Bruce. Douglas. " THE Bruce's heart, that on his breast

1" After answering many of the lady's quesWas hinging, in the field he kest.

tions, he looked into the yard through the win.

dow very earnestly, where an aspen tree grew. Upon a penny-stone cast and more, The lady asked him, 'What he was looking at And said, Now PASS THOU FORTH BEFORE so earnestly ?' He asked her,' What tree she As THOU WAS WONT IN FIELD TO BE

called that in the yard ? She said, ' It was a And I SHALL FOLLOW OR ELSE DIE."

quaking asp.' He replied in broken English,

"Indian no call him quake asp.' What then ? Ibid. xx.

asked the inquisitive hostess. Woman tongue, Woman tongue,' answered the sagacious war

rior, ' never still, never still, always go.'". Sun and Sea Worship.

Hunter's Memoirs of his Captivity among the

North American Indians, p. 376. “ The Emperors of Peru extended at last

I mentioned this soon after the publication of their dominions beyond the bounds of their Hunter's book to a Welsh friend, who told me local superstition. They set out with their that the aspen poplar bore the same name among arms and mission from a country where the

the Cymry,— Tafod y Merchen,” or Woman's

Tongue. This was on the Conway, and I noted sun was very welcome, and imposed the it down at the time; but I do not find it in Richworship of their father, the sun, on all the ard's Welsh Dictionary.”—J. W. W.

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