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Liverpool Unitarian Felloreship Fund. God, the Father. Three Sermons will be

A Report of the LIVERPOOL UNITA- delivered, those in the morning and even: RIAN FELLOWSHIP FUND has recently been ing by the Rev. George Harris ; and that published, by which it appears the fol- in the afternoon by the Rev. W. J. Fox, lowing donations have been made during of London. On Monday the friends and the year ending 31st December, 1821.

members of this new church will dine To the Unitarian Fund (Lon

together in the Cloth Hall; and in the dou)

£10 0 O evening, the Rev. W. J. Fox will preach Rochdale Chapel

10 0 0

in the Meeting-House. Oldham Ditto

5 0 0 Newchurch (Rossendale) Ditto 5 0 0

The Friends of the late Rev. HENRY Merthyr Tydvil Ditto

10 0 0 TURNER, of Nottinghant, propose to print Boston Ditto

500 in 8vo. (price 12s.) a volume of his SerKnowsley Ditto

10 0 0 mons. They request the names of such Padiham Ditto

15 0 0

as propose being subscribers may be for Newcastle-under-Lyme, Ditto,

5 0 0 warded as early as convenient. Gellionen Ditto

5 0 0 General Baptist Academy 5 00 An Aged Minister


3 0 0 Lancashire and Cheshire Unita

FRANCE. rian Association

5 00 We perceive that in our last, (p. 128,)

we stated prematurely that the law reTotal

£93 0 0 straining the press had passed the two

Chambers. The event thus anticipated Communications (post paid) may be bas since taken place. The discussions addressed to the Secretary, Mr. H. Taylor, in the Chamber of Peers, as well as in Bold Street, Liverpool.

that of the Deputies, were very animated :

the speech of Prince TALLEYRAND has On Thursday evening, March 21st, the been much applauded. This disastrous Meeting-House in Sir Thomas's Buildings, measure was carried in the upper chamLiverpool, formerly a Catholic Chapel, ber by only a small majority : it is now, was opened for Unitarian worship, when however, the law of France, and will be

sermon was preached by the Rev. so as long as the present system of George Harris, explauatory of the doc- govertment is suffered to coutinue. trines maintained by Unitarian Christians. Tumults have arisen in various parts of The place was crowded to excess. The France, principally in places of public Meeting House is intended for the use of education; the young men being very the Society formerly assembling in Great reluctant to submit to the yoke of legitiCross Hall Street, and religious worship macy. will be conducted there on the morning. One great source of discord is the and evening of Sunday, and on Thursday preaching of the Missionaries, that is, night, commencing with the first Sunday priests who go about carrying the cross, in April.

preaching up the old doctrine of passive

obedience, fulminating church-censures NOTICES.

against those that took a part in or pro

fited by the Revolution, asserting the The Half-Yearly Meeting of the So- divine right of tithes, calling back, as far merset and Dorset Unitarian Association as words avail, feudal times and usages, will be held at Taunton, on Tuesday the and in some cases pretending to miracles. 9th of April.

Fanatics and impostors as they are, they G. B. W.

are countenanced by the government, and

on that account, perhaps, more than from THE Rev. GEORGE HARRIS has ac

any dislike of superstition, they are cepted the unanimous invitation presented' obnoxious to the people, who have on to him to become the pastor of the new several occasions opposed their preaching Unitarian Congregation, Bolton. His so riotously, that they have been obliged connexion with the Renshaw Street So. to claim the protection of the military. ciety will terminate on Sunday the 31st Certain state-prosecutions have brought March ; and he will enter on the duties out very prominently the political feeling of his situation in Bolton on Sunday, of the French people. Alarmed by this April 7th.

and other demonstrations of disloyalty,

the police are very active in their inquisiOn Sunday, April 7th, 1822, the tion after heresy and blasphemy. We Meeting-House in Moor Lane, Bolton, copy a paragraph on this subject from a formerly a Calvinistic Chapel, will be paper which we do not often quote, but opened for the worship of the One True which we never see without amusement,



the New (or pretended) Times. So ex- rance attached so much importance, and travagant, and therefore so innoxious, is which fraud and cuming made availing this wretched journal, that it rebakes the for their sinister interests. There are Courier, (the regular ministerial paper, many ecclesiastics in the Portuguese for speaking with decency of the Opposi- Cortes, but they are generally disposed to tion in the Chamber of Deputies, and support the independence of the Lusitaespecially for naming BENJAMIN Con- nian church. Ecclesiastical reform has STANT with respect. CONSTANT is the not, however, on the whole, made such friend of LA FAYETTE, of GREGOIRE, of rapid progress as in Spain. No church or LANJUINAIS, and was the friend (which convent property has been hitherto conof itself is a testimonial that might carry fiscated. In half a century the religious him with honour through the civilized orders will, however, be extinct by the world) of the wise and virtuous ROMILLY; non-admission of noviciates, In Spain but he stands up for the Charter, and not their suppression is much more rapid ; as merely for the family of the Bourbons, they have been there deprived of much of and therefore the ex-jacobin Dr. STOD- their reveuue, every encouragement has DART, points him out as a revolutionary been given to secularization, and many monster, whom the majority of the Cham- convents have been already alienated ber would do well to impeach. The where the number of Friars was small, or paragraph referred to is in the paper of where a veighbouring convent existed of March the 19th, and runs thus : * We the same order. Of the most enlightened perceive from the Paris journals that the among the Friars in Spain, a considerable police exerts itself with laudable diligence portion have been absolved from their in the seizure of blasphemous and sediti. religious vows. The Spanish Cortes have ous publications. A writer named Due assumed a high tone in their intercourse PUIS, several years ago wrote a book with the Church of Rome. An annual entitled, De l’Origine de tous les Cultes, sum was formerly paid in the shape of which was intended to prove, among tribute to the Holy See. Since the Revoother things, that there never was such a lution that sum bas been very much dimiperson as Jesus Christ. In order to bring nished, and the Cortes refused to allow the substance of this impious work within any thing unless it were received as a the reach of the common people, an free gift, -not claimed as a recoguized abridgment of it has been printed at right. The Jansenists are becoming Paris, which, we are happy to find, was stronger in Spain. To that party belongimmediately seized, and we trust that the ed the leading ecclesiastics of the last vender, M. CHASSERIAN, will be made an Cortes. One religious journal is pub. example of.”

lished at Madrid, called the Cronica Reli

giosa. Its character is liberal, and its PORTUGAL AND SPAIN. object is to destroy the Papal influence; A DISPOSITION to loosen the shackles but involved as all men are in party-poliof Popish authority has been for some tics, it does not seem to excite much time visible in the former country, and interest or obtain much circulation. Chat disposition has been much encouraged

The remnants of old intolerance hare and strengthened since the establishment been but too visible in Spain during the of the constitutional system. The office late discussions on the Penal Code ; many of the Patriarca, or supreme Bishop of of whose articles breathe the most furious Lisbon, has been extinguished. The re. bigotry. The strongest assurance was spect with which the regular clergy have given that they would not be permitted been regarded by the people is singularly to pass ; however, they were approved diminished, and even among the peasan- almost without discussion, in spite of a try questions as to the utility of the very general conviction of their absurdity monastic establishments, are sometimes and cruelty. “Let us inake this cession started and answered in a spirit of bold (they said) to the ignorance of the clergy, inquiry. During the Lent just over, the as no Spaniard can be affected by it. To Cortes applied to the Pope for a Bull to us, all the forms of religion are indiffer-, allow the people to eat fesh. His holi- ent, and the common people are too ness refused for some time; but being sound in their faith to be exposed to the given very plainly to understand that his consequences of heretical pravity. The refusal would not alter the determination ecclesiastics will allow civil reform to of the national representatives, who were move onward, if we give them enough of resolved to root out some of the foolish church tyranny as the price of their acqui. superstitious of the Portuguese, he at last escence!" Thus it is, that fancied wisdom consented. The Bull was received, pub- becomes the ally of folly, and that truth lished, and Lent has been observed with- itself is made the herald and the handout those forms to which folly and igno- maid of error.

Monthly Repository.


APRIL, 1822.

[Vol. XVII,

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On Church Establishments.

Nottingham, must be supposed to be perfectly conSur, October 25, 1821. sistent with the best interests of so

, o gine for moving and governing in this respect, than improved by the the human mind, that it is no wonder interference of human authority. A the statesman has endeavoured to turn religion founded upon Divine Revelait to his purposes, and, under the spe best possible means of ascertaining

tion, must contain within itself the cious pretence of protection, has assumed the management of its con

and authenticating its real dictates; cerns. It might be questioned, indeed, and the errors into which human weakwhether he has acted wisely, even as

ness and fallibility might fall in regard a statesman, in intermeddling with to it, would be much more effectually things of such a nature. Had he ad. corrected by the private exertions of hered to the peculiar line of his vo- learning and integrity, than by the cation, that of maintaining the peace

ostentatious superintendence and conof society, by protecting the equal trolling direction of the civil power. rights of every citizen, other things might have gone on more to his satis magistrate is an act of supererogation faction than he is willing to believe, on his part, since a religion founded He would probably have been no loser on truth is much better qualified to by his moderation and forbearance. Serve him, than he is to serve such He would have executed the useful a religion. Leave it to the undispart which is especially assigned to turbed exercise of its native energies, him with greater skill, from confining and it is sure to advance the peace his attention to it : and the interests and good order of society; but interof which he had declined the superin- fere with it and restrain it, and its tendence, through a wise diffidence of nature suffers a material change; it his ability to serve them, would have becomes worldly and intriguing'; and thriven by their intrinsic importance, the magistrate will soon find himself and the hold they possess of the de compelled to purchase at a high rate șires and affections of mankind. Reli- the supineness and indolence of its gion is too firuly established in the ministers, lest their activity should be human breast to require that it should turned against himself. come recommended and enforced by

If what we have now stated be true, the enactments of the civil magistrate.

we have, we suspect, decided the quesAnd although, on the supposition that tion of establishments already; for if all religions were alike fabulous and it can be proved that a patronised reunsupported, it might be necessary than one left to depend upon its native

ligion is of less value to the statesman for him to endeavour to make such a selection as would be most favourable energies, he will no longer be anxious to the peace and good order of society,

to lend it his support. We shall hear nothing of this kind can be alleged

no longer of his wish to subserve the with regard to Christianity, which, interests of piety and truth: he will having its origin from God himself,

no more think of interfering with the concerns of religion than he will trou

ble himself with the inquiries of the By the late justly lamented Rev. H. metaphysician or the grammarian. Turner, (see p. 121,) found among his I am aware that the question is papers, as prepared for our work. ED. nsually argued upon other grounds ;



and that the persons most nearly inand hypocritical pretence of advanterested in the inaintenance of reli- cing the success of religion, two ingious establishments would fain per- terested parties bargain for mutual suade us that the Church of Christ assistance in carrying on a conspiracy demands it as an incumbent duty of against the rights and liberties of civil magistrates to patronise and en- mankind. dow her ministers. But probably the The precedent of the Jewish Church, civil magistrate, (whatever he may so much relied on in support of the pretend,) is little moved by sach argu- divine right of the church to a civil ments; and would leave Christianity establishment, may easily be disposed to take care of itself, if he did not of by an examination of the two think that some private ends of his cases. own might be gained by undertaking The Jewish form of government was the task proposed, and that the men a theocracy; and its civil forins were whom he patronised and rewarded in strict subordination to certain imwould act a useful part in supporting portant objects connected with relihim against any opposition that might gion. Every thing was made to hend be attempted in regard to his less jus- to one particular design of Providence, tifiable proceedings. And in this re- for the maintenance, during a certain spect he has not been disappointed ; limited period, of just views of the for the selfish and ambitious views of Divine nature and essence. The Chriscivil governments have invariably found tian dispensation was in its elements support from an established clergy. totally different, and every thing beAnd this forms so serious an objection longing to Judaism, not expressly perin a civil point of view, that it would petuated, is to be considered as “ipso require the strongest proofs of the facto” abrogated by Christianity. And advantages derived to religion, to coun- it seems evidently to be of the very terbalance it. Few will undertake to essence of Christianity to be comshew that an institution decidedly un- pletely unembarrassed by any con. favourable to the interests of freedom nexion with temporary and limited and just government is requisite to institutions. It was designed to be a the influence and success of true reli- religion for the whole world, and region : for freedom and truth go hand presents the whole world as composing in hand; and whatever impairs the one family; it cannot, therefore, reone must impair the other. But who cognise any partial and national instican have so poor an opinion of the tutions, só far as to combine itself power

of religion, as to imagine that with them, and admit of the authoritaits progress and success depend upon tive imposition of corresponding forms. the patronage of the civil power? Christianity establishes the paramount Must truth stand waiting at the great authority of God in the conscience of man's door, meanly stoop for his do- every individual; it acquired its influnations, and crouch before the civilence by this address of truth to reason, governor for the boon of his puny and it' admits of no other establishfavour and patronage? No! Let her ment. Every other is merely nominal, urge a bold claim for a simple, un- and although this nominal' establishdoubted right, the right of being pro- ment may have a temporary use, (as tected from lawless violence and op- in the case of Constantine, ivhen relipression. This it is the duty of the gion was already become greatly cormagistrate to extend to every peaceful rupt, and was under the necessity of citizen; and let the professor of reli- waiting until a more favourable state gion who pursues truth by the legiti- of society should arise, for purifying mate methods of reason and argument, itself,) yet, as a general principle, it boldly claim this, and refuse to be be- appears capable of complete proof holden to him for any thing more. that the kingdom of Christ neither is

The alliance so often talked of be- nor can be of this world. tween Church and State, is to be re

H. T. garded as no better than a selfish contract, in which, under a solemn


A List of STUDENTS educated at the ACADEMY at DavENTRY under the Pa

tronage of Mr. COWARD's Trustees, and under the successive superintendence of the Rev. CALEB ASHWORTH, D.D., the Rev. T'HOMAS ROBINS, and the Rev. Thomas Belsham. Communicated by Mr. BELSHAM.

(Continued from p. 164.) Year of Name.

Remarks. Admission. 1760, d. Thomas Scrivenor, minister, Wigston; after a few years he quitted the

ministry, and entered into trade at Leicester,

where he soon after died. d. William Denny, m.

Conformed, and became curate of Daventry.
d. George Checkley, m. Hyde-Ormskirk-Platt.
d. Bisphain, I...

Follet, m.

Tiverton. 1761, d. Henry Davis, m.

St. Neots-Wigston.
Jos. Gummer, m.

Thomas Halliday, in. Assistant Classical Tutor, Bull-House; chap-

lain to Hans Busk, Esq., Keighley-Norton-
Hall, Norton ; quitted the ministry; became
manufacturer, and failed. He was a most
ingenious man, a very popular preacher, and

for inany years supported a high reputatiou. d. Dawson, m.

Idle, in Yorkshire: an excellent mineralogist;

he resigned his congregation, but not his profession; he became proprietor of considerable iron-works near Bradford ; and al

ways' maintained an exemplary character. d. John Haywood,

was subject to epileptic fits; he was drowned

as he was bathing, while a student.
Dr. Clarke
J. Harrop, m.

Altringham. 1762, d. William Henley, m. St. Neots-Cambridge ; conformed and be

came principal of a college in Virginia ; escaped to England at the Revolution ; was presented by Lord Rendlesham (P. Thelluson) to the living of Rendlesham, and through his interest became Principal of the East India College at Hayleybury, in which situation he died; he was a man of elegant

accomplishments. d. William Wood, m. Oundle—Dudley. David Coates, Esq.

Wilson d. Leonard Munuings 1763, d. Robert Gentleman, in. Shrewsbury New Meeting - Carmarthen, as

Divinity Tutor-Kidderminster: a popular

John Byng, m.

d. Jonathan Hodgkinsou, m. Hindley, Lancashire.
John Jones, m.

Bewdley. 1764, d. Broadley, m.

Loughborough. d. William Raven, m.

died as soon as he had finished his studies. d. Francis Bull, m.

Flower and Weedon ; elder brother of W.

Bull : an eccentric character. d. John Wood, m.

Sudbury-Creaton : a truly honest man. 1765, d. John Hughes, m.

Horwich-Bury in Lancashire.
d. William Billingsley, m. Tewkesbury-Cam.
Samuel Tice, m.

Tutor to Sir John Clark at Enfield.
William Wells, m.

Bromsgrove; removed to America with his

family, where they live honourably and have

prospered greatly. Joseph 'Turner, M. D. Sheffield. Charles Maclean, Esq. Jamaica.

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