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If A. is in debt to creditors, and continues to hold property that he, by a bill of sale, has conveyed to B., fraud will be presumed. unless it can be made to appear by B., before a jury, that the sale was made without collusion, secret or implied, and in good faith. The jury have the power to determine the fairnesss or unfairness of the sale. A valuable consideration, or a legitimate debt, must be shown in evidence of good faith, or the sale will be ignored.

A bill of sale should be accompanied by a seal after the nam of the assignor, sealed instruments always having more weight in law than those without.

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Common Bill of Sale.

KNOW all men by these presents, that I, A. B., of the town of in the county of and State of of the first part, for and in consideration of the sum of dollars, lawful money of the United States, to me paid by C. D., of, &c., of the second part, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, have bargained and sold, and by these presents do grant and convey, unto the said party of the second part, his executors, administrators, and assigns, the one equal, undivided half of six acres of wheat, now growing on the farm of O. S., in the town of- aforesaid, one black horse, two oxen, and forty sheep, belonging to me, and now in my possession, at the place last aforesaid: (or, "all the goods, wares, merchandise, chattels, and effects mentioned and described in the schedule hereunto annexed, and marked A :") to have and to hold the same unto the said party of the second part, his executors, administrators, and assigns, forever. And I do, for myself, my heirs, executors, and administrators, covenant and agree, to and with the said party of the second part, his executors, administrators and assigns, to warrant and defend the sale of the said property, goods, and chattels hereby made, unto the said party of the second part, his executors, administrators, and assigns, against all and every person and persons whatsoever.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal th day of one thousand eight hundred and sixty. Signed, sealed, and delivered

"

A. B. [L S.]

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in presence of

M. T.

Bill of Sale of Goods.

mer.

KNOW all men by these presents that I, A. B., of— chant, for and in consideration of the sum of nine hundred dollars

to me in hand paid by C. D., of the same place, at and before the scaling and delivery of these presents, (the receipt whereof is here by acknowledged,) have bargained, sold, and delivered, and by these presents do bargain, sell, and deliver, unto the said C. D., there insert the particulars of the goods sold, or, say, "all the goods, wares, merchandise, chattels, and effects mentioned and described in the schedule hereunto annexed, and marked A."] To have and to hold the said goods unto the said C. D., his executors, administrators, and assigns, to his and their own proper use and benefit forever. And I, the said A. B., for myself and my heirs, executors, and administrators, will warrant and defend the said bargained goods unto the said C. D., his executors, administrators, and assigns, from and against all persons whomsoever.

In witness, &c., [as in Common Bill of Sale.]

Bill of Sale of a Registered or Enrolled Vessel.

KNOW all men by these presents, that I, A. B., of, &c., owner of the brig, or vessel, called the " Isabella," of the burden of tons, or thereabouts, now lying at the port of for and in consideration of the sum of dollars, lawful money of the United States, to me paid by C. D., of the place aforesaid, the receipt whereof I hereby acknowledge, have bargained and sold, and by these presents do bargain and sell unto the said C. D., his executors, administrators, and assigns, all the hull or body of said brig, or vessel, together with the masts, bowsprit, sails, boats, anchors, cables, spars, and all other necessaries thereunto appertaining and belonging the certificate of the registry of which said brig, or vessel, is as follows, to wit: [copy certificate of registry.] To have and to hold the said brig or el, and appurtenances thereunto belonging, unto the said C. D., his executors, administrators, and acsigns, to his and their proper use, benefit, and behoof forever. And I do for myself, my heirs, executors, and administrators, covenant and agree, to and with the said C. D., his executors administrators, and assigns, to warrant and defend the said brig, or vessel, and all the before-mentioned appurtenances, against all and every person and persons whomsoever.

In witness, &c., [as in Common Bill of Sale.]

BONDS.

A bond is the acknowledgment of a debt, duty, or obligation and it is immaterial what mode of expression is used, provided the language be sufficient to establish an acknowledgment of a debt

All persons legally capable of making a contract, may bind them

selves in a bond.

Payment may be pleaded in an action on a bond for the payment of money, though not made strictly according to the condition; and if the amount due thereon be paid after the commencement of suit, and before judgment, the action will be discontinued.

The sum equitably due, by virtue of the condition of a bond, may be set off in any action where a set-off is allowed.

A bond required by law to be given, will be deemed sufficient, if it conform substantially to the form thereof prescribed by the statute, and do not vary in any matter, to the prejudice of the rights of the party to whom, or for whose benefit, such bond shall be given.

The amount of the judgment rendered on a bond conditioned for the payment of money, is the penal sum, which is usually double the amount of the condition, in order to cover interest and costs.

A joint and several bond and warrant of attorney, signed by three persons, will not authorize a separate judgment against one but only a joint judgment against all.

An action on a sealed instrument must be brought within twenty years after a right of action accrues.

A bottomry bond is an obligation founded on the joint security of a ship and its owners, and given for money borrowed, which is to be repaid on the successful termination of a voyage. At home, the bond is executed by the owners, or the master, as their agent. In a foreign country, the master has full authority to bind the owners, and pledge the ship and cargo, by a bottomry bond, in cases of necessity. Any amount of interest may be exacted, so long as the sea risk continues, irrespective of the usury laws; but when that terminates, the obligation will only draw legal interest. Respon dentia is a contract similar to bottomry, except that the loan is made upon the chance of the safe arrival of the cargo. Like bot tomry, it is used in cases of emergency

Common Bond, with Condition.

KNOW all men by these presents: That I, A B., of the town of in the county of - and State of New-York, am held and

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firmly bound unto C. D., of, &c., in the sum of one thousand dollars, lawful money of the United States, to be paid to the said C. D., his executors, administrators, or assigns: for which payment, well and truly to be made, I bind myself, my heirs, executors, and ad ministrators, firmly by these presents.

Sealed with my seal. Dated, the eight hundred and

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day of one thousand The condition of the above obligation is such, that if the above bounden A. B., his heirs, executors, or administrators, shall well and truly pay, or cause to be paid, unto the above named C. D., his executors, administrators, or assigns, the just and full sum of five hundred dollars, in five equal annual payments, from the date hereof, with annual interest, then the above obligation to be void; other. wise to remain in full force and virtue.

Sealed and delivered

A. B. [L. 8.)

in presence of

G. H.

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Bond-Several Payments.

KNOW all men by these presents; &c., [as in Common Bond, and then add the just and full sum of five hundred dollars; in manner following, that is to say the sum of one hundred dollars on the tenth day of next; the sum of two hundred dollars on the day of 18-; and the remaining sum of two hundred dollars in one year from the said last mentioned date, together with the legal interest on the whole sum remaining unpaid at the time of each payment; then the above obligation to be void; else to remain in full force and virtue.

Sealed, &c., [as in Common Bond.

Bond, with Interest Condition.

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―――――

KNOW all men by these presents: &c., [as Common Bond, and then add the just and full sum of five hundred dollars, on the day of -, in the year of our Lord, 18-, and the legal in terest thereon, to be computed from the day of the date hereof, and to be be paid semi-annually, on the second day of January and the first day of July, in each and every year; then the above obligation to be void; else to remain in full force and virtue. And it is hereby expressly agreed, that should any default be made in the payment of said interest, or of any part thereof, on any day whereon the same is made payable, as above expressed, and should the eame remain unpaid and in arrear for the space of sixty days, then, and from thenceforth, that is to say, after the lapse of the said sixty days, the aforesaid principal sum of five hundred dollars with

all arrearages of interest thereon, sh.11, at ne option of the said C. D., his executors, administrators, or assigns, become and be due and payable, immediately thereafter, although the period above limited for the payment thereof may not then have expired; any thing herein before contained to the contrary thereof, in any wise notwithstanding.

Sealed, &c., as in Common Bon 1.]

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Bond to a Corporation.

KNOW all men by these presents: That I, A. B., of, &c., am held and firmly bound unto the Insurance Company, in the sum of one thousand dollars, lawful money of the United States, to be paid to the said Insurance Company or assigns; for which payment, well and truly to be made, I bind myself, my heirs, executors and administrators, firmly by these presents.

Sealed with my seal. Dated the

day of " one thousand

eight hundred and

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The condition of the above obligation is such, that if the above bounden A. B., his heirs, executors, or administrators, shall well Inand truly pay or cause to be paid, unto the above named surance Company, or assigns the just and full sum of, &c., [as in Common Bond.]

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Bond to Executors.

KNOW all men by these presents: That I, A. B., of, &c., am held and firmly bound, unto E. F. and L. M., of, &c., executors of the last will and testament of S. T., deceased, late of, &c., in the sum of one thousand dollars, lawful money of the United States, to be paid to the said E. F. and L. M., executors as aforesaid, the survi vors, or survivor, or his or their assigns; for which payment, well and truly to be made, I bind myself, my heirs, executors and administrators, firmly by these presents.

Dated the

Sealed with my seal

"

-.

day of one thousand eight hundred and The condition of the above obligation is such, that if the above bounden A. B., his heirs, executors, or administrators, shall well and truly pay, or cause to be paid, unto the above named E. F. and L. M., executors as aforesaid, the survivors, or survivor, or his or their assigns, the just and full sum of, &c., [as in Common Bond.]

Legatee's Bond.

KNow all men by these presents: Taat we, A. B. and C. D., of tc.. are held and firmly bound unto E F. and L. M., of, &c., execu

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