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or apprehension; that this man should engage in a conspiracy against hím, he deemed absolutely false and incrèdible.

8. I would fain ask one of those bigoted infidels, supposing all the great points of atheism, as the casual or eternal formation of the world, the materiality of a thinking substance, the mortality of the soul, the fortuitous organization of the body, the motion and gravitation of matter, with the like particulars, were laid together, and formed into a kind of creed, according to the opinions of the most celebrated atheists; I say supposing such a creed as this were formed, and imposed upon any one people in the world, whether it would not require an infinitely greater measure of faith, than any set of articles which they so violently oppose.

9. I conjure you by that which you profess,
(Howe'er you come to know it,) ànswer me ;
Though you untie the winds, and let them fight
Against the churches; though the yesty waves
Confound and swallow navigation up;

Though bladed corn be lodg'd, and trees blown down;
Though castles topple on their warder's heads;
Though palaces and pyramids do slope

Their heads to their foundations; though the treasure
Of nature's germins tumble altogether,

Ev'n till destruction sícken, answer me
To what I ask you.

This last example is the one which was promised at page 40, of the Analysis, to be inserted in the Exercises, as exhibiting by the notation something of Garrick's manner in pronouncing the pasTo make this more intelligible I add here Walker's remarks accompanying this example, which were alluded to at page 40.


"By placing the falling inflection, without dropping the voice, on each particular, and giving this inflection a degree of emphasis, increasing from the first member to the sixth, we shall find the whole climax wonderfully enforced and diversified: this was the method approved and practised by the inimitable Mr. Garrick; and though it is possible that a very good actor may vary in some particulars from the rule, and yet pronounce the whole agreeably, it may with confidence be asserted that no actor can pronounce this passage to so much advantage as by adopting the inflections laid down in this rule."

15.] Page 62. Emphatic repetition requires the falling inflection; though the principle of the suspending slide, or of the interrogative, may form an exception.

1. And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son.-And the angel of the LORD called unto him out of heaven, and said, 'Abraham, `Abraham. And he said, Here am I.

2. And the king was much moved, and went up to the chamber over the gate, and wèpt: and as he went, thus he said, O my son Absalóm, my són, my son Absalom! would God I had died for thee, O Absalom, my sōn, my son!

3. O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not!

4. But the subject is too awful for irony. I will speak plainly and directly. Newton was a Christian! Newton, whose mind burst forth from the fetters cast by nature upon our finite conceptions--Newton, whose science was truth, and the foundation of whose knowledge of it was philosophy: not those visionary and arrogant

presumptions, which too often usurp its name, but philosophy resting upon the basis of mathematics, which, like figures, cannot lie--Newton, who carried the line and rule to the utmost barriers of creation, and explored the principles by which, no doubt, all created matter is held together and exists.

5. To die, they say, is noble-as a sòldier-
But with such guides, to point th' unerring road,
Such able guides, such arms and discipline
As I have had, my soul would sorely feel

5 The dreadful pang which keen reflections give,
Should she in death's dark porch, while life was ebbing,
Receive the judgment, and this vile reproach :—
"Long hast thou wander'd in a stranger's land,
A stranger to thyself and to thy God;

10 The heavenly hills were oft within thy view,
And oft the shepherd call'd thee to his flock,
And call'd in vain.-A thousand monitors
Bade thee return, and walk in wisdom's ways.
The seasons, as they roll'd, bade thee retùrn;
15 The glorious sun, in his diurnal round,

Beheld thy wandering, and bade thee return;
The night, an emblem of the night of death,
Bade thee return; the rising mounds,

Which told the traveller where the dead repose
20 In tenements of clay, bade thee retùrn;
And at thy father's grave, the filial tear,

Which dear remembrance gave, bade thee retùrn,
And dwell in Virtue's tents, on Zion's hill!
--Here thy career be stay'd, rebellious man!

25 Long hast thou liv'd a cumberer of the ground.
Millions are shipwreck'd on life's stormy coast,
With all their charts on board, and powerful aid,
Because their lofty pride disdain'd to learn
Th' instructions of a pilot, and a God."

16, 17, 18.] Page 63 to 66.

On Cadence, Circumflex, and Accent, no additional illustrations seem to be required in the Exercises.

19, 20, 21, 22.] Page 71 to 80. It was necessary in the Analysis to examine and exemplify at some length, the difference between emphatic stress, and emphatic inflection, and also between absolute and relative stress. The examples, however, illustrating these distinctions, must generally be taken from single sentences and clauses. But as I wish here to introduce such passages as have considerable length, I have concluded to arrange them all under the general head of EMPHASIS, leaving the reader to class particular instances of stress and inflection, according to the principles laid down in the Analysis.

1. He that planted the ear, shall he not hear? he that formed the eye, shall he not sée ?-he that chastiseth the heathen, shall not he correct? he that teacheth man knowledge, shall not he knów?

2. The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation, and condemn them: for she came from the utmost parts of the earth, to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and behold, a greater than Solomon is here.--the men of Nineveh shall rise up in the

judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and behold, a greater than Jonas is here.

3. But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, This fellow doth not cast out devils, but by Beelzebub the prince of the devils. 2 And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself, is brought to desolation; and every city or house divided against itself shall not stand. 3 And if Sàtan cast out Sátan, he is divided against himself; how shall then his kingdom stand? And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your children cast them out? therefore they shall be your judges. But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you. 4 Or else, how can one enter into a strong man's house, and spoil his goods, except he first bind the strong man? and then he will spoil his house.

4. And behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and tempted him, saying, Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life? 2 He said unto him, What is written in the law? how readest thou? 3 And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy sòul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mínd; and thy neighbour as thyself. 4 And he said unto him, Thou hast answered rìght: this do, and thou shalt live. -But he, willing to justify himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbour? 5 And Jesus answering, said, A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among thieves, which stripped him of his raiment, and wounded him, and departed, leaving him half dead. 6 And by chance there came down a certain prìest that way;

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