Imágenes de páginas



ked as separn a body natuts of a calyx:

Seelt (sel). n. (A. Saxscel, a good time Seemly (sēm'li), a. (Icel. sæmiligr, scemr, Seg (seg). n. Sedge; also, the yellow floweror opportunity, luck, prosperity.) Time; becoming, fit, seemly. See SEEM.) Becom de-luce (Iris Pseudacorus) (Provincial.] opportunityseason: used frequently as the ing: fit; suited to the object, occasion, pur- Seg. Segg (seg), n. A castrated bull; a bull second element in a compound; as, hay-seel, pose, or character; suitable; decent; pro castrated when full grown; a bull-segg. hay-time; barley-aeel, wheat-seel, &c. (Pro per.' Not rustic as before, but seemlier (Scotch.) vincial English)

clad.' Milton.

Segart (sē-gär). See CIGAR. Seelillyt (selli-li), adv. In a silly manner. Suspense of judgment and exercise of charity were

Sege,t n. A siege. Chaucer, Seely (sél'i), a. (A. Sax. evlig, lucky, pro safer and seemlier for Christian men than the hot Seggar(seg'gär),n. (Prov. E. saggard, saggar, sperous See SEEL, time, SILLY.) 1. Lucky:

pursuit of these controversies.


contr. for safeguard. Comp. seggard, a ridfortunate; happy. To get some seely home Seemly (sém'li), adv. In a decent or suit ing surtout.) The case of fire-clay in which I had desire. * * Fairfax.-2. Silly; foolish; able manner.

fine stoneware is inclosed while being baked simple; artless Spenser.

There, seemly ranged in peaceful order stood

in the kiln. Written also Sagger. Seem (sēm), ui [A. Sax. déi

Ulysses' arms, now long disused to blood. Pope.

Seghol (se-göl'), n. A Hebrew vowel-point, compose, to conciliate, to adjust, to judge,

or short vowel, thus -indicating the Seemlyhed, t Seemlyhoodt (sēm'li-hed, to seem, to appear, from root of same (which

sound of the English e in men. sēmʻli-hyd), n. Same as Seemlihead. Spensee) 1. To appear; to look like; to pre

Segholate (se-golat), a. Marked with a ser. sent the appearance of being: to be only in

seghol. appearance and not really.

Seen (sēn), pp. of see.
That we were

Segment (seg'ment), n. (L. segmentum, Seep (sép), v.i. To flow through pores; to all as some would seem to be.' Shak. So

from seco, to cut.) 1. A part cut off or ooze gently; to sipe. (Scotch and United shall the day seemn night.' Shak.

marked as separate from others; one of the States. ] Thou art not what thou seeme'st. Shak.

parts into which a body naturally divides Seepy (sēp'i), a. Oozing; full of moisture; Al around well pleas'd; all seein'd, but were not

itself; a section; as, the segments of a calyx; specifically, applied to land not properly all Milton.

the segments of an orange; the segments drained. (Scotch and United States.) 2 To appear; to be seen; to show one's self

or transverse rings of which the body of Seer (sē'ér or sēr), n. 1. One who sees. A or itself, hence, to assume an air; to pre

an articulate animal or annelid is comdreamer of dreams, and a seer of visions.' tend. My lord, that so confidently seems

posed.-2. In geom. a part cut off from any Addison. -2. A prophet; & person who foreto andertake this business.' Shak.

figure by a line or plane. A segment of sees future events. 1 Sam. ix. 9. "Thou

a circle is a part of There did serm in him a kind of joy to hear it. death-telling seer.' Campbell.

the area contained by Shak.

She called him lord and liege, 2. To appear to one's opinion or judgment;

an arc and its chord, Her seer, her bard, her silver star of eve. to be thought: generally with a following


as ACB. The chord is clanse as nominative. Seer (sēr). n. A weight which varies all

sometimes called the

base of the segment. It

over India; in Bengal there are forty seers is to me that the true reason why we have so few versions which are tolerable, is because there to a maund, which is about 74 pounds avoir

An angle in a segment are so few who have all the talents requisite for dupois.

is the angle contained translation Dryden, Seerhand (sērhand). n. A kind of East In

by two straight lines [Hence, it seems to me'=I think, I am in dian muslin, which, from its retaining its

drawn from any point clined to believe.)-4. To appear to one's clearness after washing, is particularly

in its arc, and terminsell; to imagine; to feel as if; as, I still seem adapted for dresses

ating in the extremities of its chord to hear his voice: he still seemed to feel Seership (sē'ér-ship or sēr'ship), n. The or base. - Similar segments of circles are the motion of the vessel. -- It seems, it would office or quality of a seer.

those which contain equal angles, or whose appear, it appears: used parenthetically, Seer-sucker (sēr'suk-er). n. A blue and arcs contain the same number of degrees. (a) nearly equivalent to, as the story goes; white striped linen, imported from India. Segment of a sphere, any part of it cut as is said; as we are told. Seer-wood (sēr'wyd), n. Dry wood.

off by a plane, not passing through the A prince of Italy, it seems, entertained his mistress See-saw (sē'sa), n. (A reduplicated form of centre. apon a great lake, Addison, saw, the motion resembling the act of saw.

Segment (seg. ment). v.i. To divide or be. (6) Used sarcastically or ironically to con ing.) 1. A child's game, in which one sits on

come divided or split up into segments: demn the thing mentioned, like forsooth; each end of a board or long piece of timber

specifically, in physiol, applied to a mode of as this, it seems. is to be my task. For balanced on some support, and thus the two

reproduction by semi-fission or budding. merly seem was often used impersonally in move alternately up and down.--2. A board

See extract. such phrases as me seems, him seemed, 'the adjusted for this purpose.-3. Motion or ac

Before this occurs, however, if it does not divide,

the vegetal unit segments or buds, the bud grows people seemned' (it seemed to the people. tion resembling that in see-saw; a vibratory

into a unit similar to its parent, and this in its turn Chaucer); hence, meseems as a single word. or reciprocating motion. 'A see-saw between

also segments or buds.

Bastian. Seemer (sêm'ér). 1. One who seems; one the hypothesis and fact.' Sir W. Hamilton.

Segmental (seg-mental), a. Pertaining to, who makes a show of something; one who 4. In whist, the playing of two partners,

consisting of, or like a segment. -Segmental carries an appearance or semblance. so that each alternately assists the other to

organs, certain organs placed at the sides Hence we shall see, win the trick; a double ruff.

of the body in Annelides, and connected If power change purpose, what our seemers be. See-saw (sê'sa), a. Moving up and down

with excretion. Shak. or to and fro; undulating with reciprocal Seeming (sēm'ing). p. and a. 1. Appear

Segmentation (seg-men-ta'shon), n. The motion. His wit all see-sau, between that ing; having the appearance or semblance, and this.' Pope.

act of cutting into segments; a division into whether real or not. “Showed him a seem See-saw (sesa), v.i. To move as in the game

segments; the state of being divided into ing warrant for it.' Shak. "The father

segments. see-saw; to move backward and forward, of this seeming lady. Shak.-2. Specious

Segment-gear (seg'ment-gēr), n. In mech. or upward and downward, or plausible in appearance; as, seeming

a curved cogged surface occupying but an

So they went see-sawing up and down from one friendship. That little seeming substance.

arc of a circle. end of the room to the other.

Arbrethrrot. Shak.

Segment-saw (segʻment-są), n. 1. A saw Seeming (sem'ing), n. 1. Appearance; show;

See-saw(se'sa). v.t. To cause to move in a which cuts stuff into segmental shapes. --

see-saw manner. semblance, especially a false appearance.

2. A veneer saw whose active perimeter con

'Tis a poor idiot boy, * She that, so young, could give out such a

sists of a number of segments attached to a

Who sits in the sun and twirls a bough about, seming.' Shak.

disc.-3. In surg, a nearly circular plate of

And, staring at his bough from morn to sunset, He is a thing made up of seemings.

steel serrated on the edge, and fastened to See-sawus his voice in inarticulate noises 7. Baillie.

Coleridge, a handle; used in operations on the bones 2. Fair appearance.

He ponders, he see-saws himself to and fro.

of the cranium, &c. These keep

Lord Lytton.

Segment-shell (seg'ment-shel). n. In arSuming and savour all the winter long. Shak. Seethe (sērn), v. t. pret. seethed, (sod, ob

tillery, an elongated shell consisting of a 8 + Opinion ; judgment; estimate; appresolete); pp. seethed, sodden (sod, obsolete);

body of iron coated with lead and built up hension. Nothing more clear unto their ppr. seething. [A. Sax. seothan, siothan, to

internally with segment-shaped pieces of Heming.' Hooker. seethe; Icel. sjótha, G. sieden, to boil.) 1. To

iron, which, offering the resistance of an boil; to decoct or prepare for food in hot His persuasive words iinpregn'd

arch against pressure from without, are With reason to her seeming.


liquor; as, to seethe flesh. Sodden water.'

easily separated by the very slight bursting Seemingt (sēm'ing), adv. In a becoming or

charge within, thereby retaining most of seemly manner; seemly.

Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.

their original direction and velocity after

Ex. xxiii. 19. Bear your body more seeming, Audrey. Shak. 2. To soak; to steep and soften in liquor.

explosion Seemingly (sémn'ing-li), adv. In a seeming Cheeks mottled and sodden,' W. Collins.

Segment-wheel (seg'ment-whēl), n. A manner; apparently: ostensibly; in appear There was a man-sleeping-still alive; though

wheel a part of whose periphery only is ance; in show; in semblance. seethed in drink, and looking like death..

utilized. This the father seemingly complied with.

D. Ferrold. Segnitude, Segnityt (seg'ni-tüd, seg'ni-ti), Addison.

Seethe (sērh), v i. pret, seethed; ppr. seeth- n. [From L. segnis, sluggish.) Sluggishness; They depend often on remote and seemingly dis

ing. To be in a state of ebullition; to boil, dulness; inactivity. proportioned causes. Atterbury. to be hot.

Segno (sen'yo), n. (It., sign.) In music, a Seemingness (sēm'ing-nes), n. Fair appear. Lovers and madmen have such seething brains. sign or mark used in notation in connection ance; plausibility; semblance. Sir K.

Shak. with repetition, abbreviated :8.--Al segno, Digby.

Thus over all that shore,
Save for some whisper of the seething seas,

to the sign, is a direction to return to the Seemless (Běm'les), a. Unseemly; unfit; A dead hush fell.


sign. Dal segno, from the sign, is a direcindecorous.Chapman Seether (BZTH'er), n. One who or that which

tion to repeat from the sign. Seemlihead, t seemlihedt (sēm'li-hed), n.

seethes; a boiler; a pot for boiling things.

Segreant (sē'grë-ant), a. In her. a term Seernliness; comely or decent appearance.

applied to a griffin when standing upon its Seemlilyt (sëm'li-li), adv. Decently; come.

She sets the kettle on:
Like burnished gold the little seether shone.

hind-legs, with the wings elevated and enlils.

Dryden. dorsed. Seemliness (sēmli-nes), n. The state or Sefatian (sé-fā'shi-an), 11. One of a sect of Segregate (se'gré-gát), v.t. pret. & pp. sequality of being seemly: comeliness; grace; Mohammedans who hold peculiar views gregated; ppr. segregating. (L. segrego, se. fitness; propriety; decency; decorum. Cam with regard to the essential attributes of gregatum - se, apart, and grego, to gather den.

God. They are opposed to the Motazilites into a flock or herd, from grex, gregis, a Seinde, pp. of senge (singe). Singed. Chau



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flock or herd.] To separate from others; to set apart.

They are segregated, Christians from Christians, under odious designations,

Is. Taylor. Segregate (sē'grē-gāt), v.i. To separate or go apart; specifically, in crystal. to separate from a mass and collect about centres or lines of fracture. Segregate (sē'grē-gát), a. Separate; select. • A kind of segregate or cabinet senate.' Wotton.- Segregate polygamy (Polygamia segregata, Lipn.), in bot. a mode of inflorescence, when several florets comprehended within an anthodium, or a common calyx, are furnished also with proper perianths, as in the dandelion. Segregation (sé-grē-gá'shon), n. 1. The

act of segregating, or the state of being segregated; separation from others; a parting; a dispersion. A segregation of the Turkish fleet.' Shak.-2. In crystal, separation from a mass and gathering about centres through cohesive attraction or the crystallizing process. Dana. Segue (seg'wả). [It., it follows; L. sequor, to follow. In music, a word which, prefixed to a part, denotes that it is immediately to follow the last note of the preceding move. ment. Seguidilla (seg-i-dēl'ya), n. A Spanish form of versification; a merry Spanish tune. The cominon people still sung their lively segui.

Prescott. Seid (sēd), n. (Ar., prince.] One of the descendants of Mohammed through his daughter Fatima and his nephew Ali. Seidlitz-powder (sid'lits-pou-der), n. A powder intended to produce the same effect as seidlitz-water, composed of tartrate of potassa and soda (Rochelle-salt) with bicarbonate of soda in one paper, and tartaric acid in another paper, to be dissolved separately in water, then mixed, and taken while effervescing. Seidlitz-water (sid' lits-wa-ter), n. The mineral water of Seidlitz, a village of Bohemia. Sulphate of magnesia, sulphate of soda, and carbonic acid are its active ingredients. Seient Sey,t pret. & pp. of see. Saw; seen.

Chaucer. Seigneurial (sen-yo'ri-al), a. (See SEIGNIOR.) 1. Pertaining to the lord of a manor; manorial. Sir W. Temple.--2. Vested with large powers; independent. Seignior (sēn'yér), n. (Fr. seigneur, It. signore, Sp. señor, Pg. senhor; from L. senior, elder, senex, old.) 1. In the south of Europe, a title of honour. See SIGNIOR. Grand Seignior, a title sometimes given to the Sultan of Turkey. -2. In feudal law, the lord of a fee or manor.--Seignior in gross, a lord without a manor, simply enjoying superiority and services. Seigniorage, Seignorage (sēn'yér-aj), n.

1. Something claimed by the sovereign or by a superior as a prerogative; specifically, an ancient royalty or prerogative of the crown, whereby it claimed a percentage upon bullion brought to the mint to be coined or to be exchanged for coin; the profit derived from issuing coins at a rate above their intrinsic value.

If government, however, throws the expense of coinage, as is reasonable, upon the holders, by mak. ing a charge to cover the expense (which is done by giving back rather less in coin than is received in bullion, and is called 'levying a seigniorage'), the coin will rise to the extent of the scigniorage above the value of the bullion.

5. S. Mill. 2. A royalty; a share of profit; especially, the money received by an author from his publisher for copyright of his works. Seigniorial (sēn-yo'ri-al). The same as Sei

gneurial. Seigniorize (sēn'yér-iz), v.t. To lord it over.

Fairfax. (Rare.) Seigniory, Seignory (sēn'yér-i), n. (Fr. seigneurie. See SEIGNIOR.] A lordship; power or authority as sovereign lord. See SIGNIORY.

O'Neal never had any seignory over that country, but what he got by encroachment upon the English.

Spenser. Seil (sel), v. t. (Sw. sila, to strain. To

strain through a cloth or sieve. (Scotch.) Sein, pp. of see. Seen. Chaucer. Sein, Seine (sēn), n. (Fr. seine, from L. sagena, Gr. sagêné, a seine.) A large net for catching fish. Also written Sean.

The seine is a net of about forty fathoms in length, with which they encompass a part of the sea, and draw the same on land by two ropes fastened at his ends, together with such fish as lighteth within his precinct.


Seine-boat (sēn'bot), n. A fishing-boat, of
about 15 tons burden, used in the fisheries
on the west coast of England to carry the
large seine or casting-net.
Seine-fisher (sēn'fish-er), n. A seiner.
Seiner (sen'er), n. A fisher with a seine or

net Carew.
Seint, t n. A cincture; a girdle. Chaucer.
Seintuarie,t n. Sanctuary. Chaucer.
Seip (sep), v. i. (See SIPE.) To ooze; to

leak. (Scotch.)
Seir-fish (sērfish), n. A fish of the genus
Cybium (C. guttatum), family Scomberidæ,
bearing a close resemblance to the salmon
in size and form as well as in the flavour of
its flesh. It is one of the most valuable
fishes of the East Indian seas.
Seise (sēz), v.t. In law, see SEIZE.
Seisin (sē'zin), n. See SEIZIN.
Seismic, Seismal (sis'mik, sīs'mal), a. (Gr.
seismos, an earthquake, from seiö, to shake.)
Of or pertaining to an earthquake. - The
seismic area, the tract on the earth's surface
within which an earthquake is felt-Seis-
mic vertical, the point upon the earth's sur-
face vertically over the centre of effort or
focal point, whence the earthquake's im-
pulse proceeds, or the vertical line connect-
ing these two points. Goodrich.
Seismograph (sis'mo-graf), n. (Gr. seismos,
an earthquake, and graphó, to write.) An
electro-magnetic instrument for registering
the shocks and concussions of earthquakes.
Seismographic (sis-mo-graf'ik), a. Pertain.
ing to seismography; indicated by a seismo-

Maps or charts constructed so as to indicate the centres of convulsion, lines of direction, areas of dis. turbance, and the like, are termed seismographic.

Page. Seismography (sis-mogʻra-fi), n. A descrip

tion or account of earthquakes. Seismologist, Seismologue (sis-mol'o-jist, sis'mo-log), n. A student of, or one versed in, seismology.

The labour of future seismologues will be in a great degree thrown away, unless the cultivators of science in all countries... shall unite in agreeing to some one uniform system of seismic observation.

R. Mallet. Seismology (sis-mol'o-ji), n. (Gr. seismos, an earthquake, and logos, discourse.) The science of earthquakes; that department of science which treats of volcanoes and earthquakes. Seismometer (sis-mom'et-ér), n. [Gr. seismos, a shaking, an earthquake, and metron, a measure. An instrument for measuring the direction and force of earthquakes and similar concussions. There are various contrivances for this purpose, the most perfect of which is perhaps the form used in the observatory on Mount Vesuvius. It consists of a delicate electric apparatus, which is set to work by the agitation or change of level of a mercurial column, which records the time of the first shock, the interval between the shocks, and the duration of each; their nature, whether vertical or horizontal, the maximum intensity; and in the case of horizontal shocks the direction is also given. Seismoscope (sīs'mo-skop), n. (Gr. seismos, an earthquake, and skopeo, to see.) A seismometer (which see). Seisura (sē-zhü'ra), n. (Gr. seió, to shake, oura, tail.) A genus of Australian birds belonging to the family Muscicapidæ or fly

Seizable (sēz'a-bl), a. Capable of being

seized; liable to be taken.
Seize (sēz), v. t. pret. & pp. seized; ppr. seiz.
ing. (Fr. saisir, to seize; Pr. sazir, to take
possession of ; It. sagire, to put in posses-
sion of according to Diez, from 0.H.G.
sazjan, to set, bisazjan, to occupy. ] 1. To
fall or rush upon suddenly and lay hold on;
to gripe or grasp suddenly.

Then as a tiger, who by chance hath spy'd
In some purlieu two gentle fawns at play,
Straight couches close, then rising changes oft
His couchant watch, as one who chose his ground,
Whence rushing, he might surest seize thein both.

Milton 2. To take possession by force, with or without right.

At last they seize The sceptre, and regard not David's son. Milton. 3. To have a sudden and powerful effect on; to take hold of; to come upon suddenly; to attack; as, a fever seizes a patient. And hope and doubt alternate seize her soul, Pepe 4. To take possession of, as an estate or goods, by virtue of a warrant or legal authority.

It was judged by the highest kind of judgment, that he should be banished, and his whole estate confiscated and seized.

Bacon. 5. To fasten; to fix.

So down he fell before the cruell beast,
Who on his neck his bloody claws did seize.

Spenser 6. Naut. to fasten two ropes, or different parts of one rope, together with a cord. 7. To make possessed; to put in possession of: with of before the thing possessed; as, A B was seized and possessed of the manor. • All those his lands which he stood seized of.' Shak. Whom age might see seized of what youth made prize.' Chapman.

If his father died seized, the infant being noble, could not be called on to defend a real action.

Brougham, (In this, what may be called its legal sense, often written Seise.) – 8. To lay hold of by the mind; to comprehend.

The most penetrating sagacity in seizing great principles of polity are to be constantly found in the writings of the philosophers.

Brougham. Seize (sēz). v.i. To grasp: to take into possession : with on, or upon, to fall on and grasp: to take hold of; to take possession of. Thee and thy virtues here I seize upon.' Shak.

Even Jezebel projects not to seize on Naboth's vineyard without a precedent charge. Dr. H. More. Seizer (sēz'èr ), n. One who or that which

seizes. Seizin (sēz'in), n. (Fr. saisine, seizin, from saisir, to seize. See SEIZE.) In lau,(a) possession. Seizin is of two sorts – seizin in deed or fact and seizin in law. Seizin in fact or deed is actual or corporal possession; seizin in law is when something is done which the law accounts possession or seizin, as enrolment, or when lands descend to an heir but he has not yet entered on them. In this case the law considers the heir as seized of the estate, and the person who wrongfully enters on the land is accounted a disseizor. (b) The act of taking possession. (c) The thing possessed; possession.—Livery of seizin. See LIVERY.-Seizin-or, in Scots law, a perquisite formerly due to the sheriff when he gave infeftment to an heir holding crown-lands. Spelled also Seisin. Seizing (sēz'ing), n. Naut. the operation of fastening together ropes with a cord; also, the cord or cords used for such fastening Seizor (sēz-or), n. In law, one who seizes or

takes possession. Seizure (sēz'ür), n. 1. The act of seizing or taking sudden hold; sudden or violent grasp or gripe; a taking into possession by force or illegally, or legally a taking by warrant; as, the seizure of a thief; the seizure of an enemy's town; the seizure of a throne by a usurper; the seizure of goods for debt

All things that thou dost call thine Worth seisure do we seize into our hands. Skak. 2. Retention within one's grasp or power; possession; hold.

Make o'er thy honour by a deed of trust,
And give me seizure of the mighty wealth.

Dryder. 3. The thing seized, taken hold or possession of.-4. A sudden attack of some disease. Sejant, Sejeant (se'jant), a. (Norm.; Fr. séant, ppr. of seoir, from L. sedeo, to sit. ) In her. sitting, like a cat, with the fore-legs

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straight: applied to a lion or other beast. - a number; a taking by preference of one ides, corresponding to the respective sul. Sebant addorsed, sitting back to back: said or more from a number.-2. A number of phides. of two animals. --Sejant

things selected or taken from others by pre- / Selenocentric(se-lē'no-sen"trik), a. Having afrond, borne in full

ference. - Natural selection, that process 1 relation to the centre of the moon; as seen face, sitting, with the

in nature by which plants and animals best or estimated from the centre of the moon. fore-paws extended side

fitted for the conditions in which they are Selenograph (se-lé'no-graf), n. (See SEways, as the lion in the

placed survive, propagate, and spread, while LENOGRAPHY.) A delineation or picture of crest of Scotland. - Se.

the less fitted die out and disappear ; sur the surface of the moon or part of it. ant rampant, sitting

vival of the fittest; the preservation by Selenographer, Selenographist (sel - ē. with the two fore-feet

their descendants of useful variations aris pog'ra-ler, sel-e-nogʻra-fist), n. One versed lifted up ing in animals or plants.

in selenography. Sajoin (se-join'), 0. l.

This preservation of favourable individual differ

Selenographic, Selenographical (se-le'Prefix se, apart, and Lion sejant. ences and variations, and the destruction of those

no-grai"ik, se-lé'no-graf"ik-al), a. Belongjoin.) To separate

which are injurious, I have called Natural Selection, ing to selenography. There is a season when God, and nature, sejoins

or the Survival of the Fittest.. . Several writers Selenography (sel- e-nog'ra-fi), n. (Gr. mas and wife in this respect.

1. Whately.
have misapprehended or objected to the term natural

selêne, the moon, and graphó, to describe. ) selection. Some have even imagined that natural se Sejugous (se-ju'gus), a IL sejugis-sex, six, lection induces variability, whereas it implics only the

A description of the moon and its pheand jugum, a yoke.) In bot. having six pairs

preservation of such variations as arise and are bene. nomena; the art of picturing the face of of leafleta

ficial to the being under its conditions in life. Darwin. the moon. Sejunction (se-jungk'shon), n. [L sejunc. Selective (se-lek'tiv), a. Selecting; tending

Selenological (se-lē'no-loj"ik-al), a. Of or tio. sejunctionis-se, from, and jungo, to to select. Selective providence of the Al

pertaining to selenology. join 1 The act of disjoining: a dísuniting: mighty.' Bp. Hall.

Selenology (sel-e-nol'o-ji), n. [Gr. selēné, separation. A sejunction and separation Selectman (sé-lekt'man), n. In New Eng.

the moon, and logos, description.) That of them from all other nations on the earth.' land, a town officer chosen annually to

branch of astronomical science which treats Bp. Pearson. manage the concerns of the town, provide

of the moon. Sejungible (sé-jun'ji-bl), a. Capable of be for the poor, &c. Their number is usually

Self (self). [A.Sax, self, selfa, a pronominal ing disjoined or separated. Bp. Pearson. from three to seven in each town, and these

word common to the Teutonic tongues; 0. Seket a. Sick Chaucer. constitute a kind of executive authority.

Sax, self. D. zelf, Dan. selv, Icel. sjálfr, G. Sekos (sé kos), n. (Gr., sēkos, a pen, a sacred Selectness (sē - lekt'nes), n. The state or

selb, selbst, Goth. silba; probably formed by inclosure, a shrine) A place in an ancient quality of being select or well chosen.

compounding the reflexive pronoun se, si temple in which were inclosed the images Selector (sē - lekt'er), n. (L.) One that

(=L. 8e), seen in Icel. sér, to himself, sik, of deities selects or chooses from among a number.

self, G. sich, with some other word. In the Selachian (sē-la'shi-an), n. A fish belong. Inventors and selectors of their own sys

oldest English (A. Sax.) as well as later seli ing to the section Selachii. tems.' Dr. Knox.

was a kind of pronominal adjective, most Selachii (sé-la'shi-i). n. pl. (Gr. selachos, a Selenate (sel'en-át), n. A compound of

commonly used after the personal procartilaginous fish, probably a shark.) A sec

nouns, but also, in the sense of same, standselenic acid with a base; as, selenate of tion of elasmobranchiate fishes, which in soda.

ing before nouns, quite like an adjective. cludes the sharks and dog-fishes. Selene (sē-le'nė), n. [Gr., from selas, light,

Thus the following forms occur: ic sel, or ic Selaginaceæ (sé-la'ji-nä"se-e), n. pl. A small brightness.) In Greek myth, the goddess of

selfa, I myself; min selfes, of myself; nat, order of perigynous exogens, consisting the moon, called in Latin Luna. She is the

selfum, to myself ; me selfne (acc.), my. of herbs or small shrubs chiefly from South daughter of Hyperion and Theia, and sister

self; thủ selfa, thyself; he selja, himself; Africa, and allied to Verbenacea and Myo of Helios (the sun) and Eos (the dawn).

silje, we ourselves; on thâm sylfan gedre, porcere, but differing from them in their Called also Phæbe.

in that same year, &c. The dative of the anther being always one-celled only. They Selenic (se-len'ik). a. Pertaining to sele

personal pronoun was also prefixed to sell. are herbs or small shrubs, with alternate Inium; as, selenic acid (H. Se 0.). This acid

the latter being undeclined, as ic me self, I leaves and blue or white (rarely yellow) is formed when selenium is oxidized by fusion

myself; he him self, he himself; and these towers in heads or spikes. with nitre. It is very acid and corrosive, and

forms gradually led to the forms myself thySelbite (sel'bit), n. An ash-gray or black resembles sulphuric acid very much. It has a

self, ourse, yourself, &c., in which the geniore of silver, consisting chiefly of silver car. great affinity for bases, for

tive or possessive form is prefixed to self. bonate, found at Wolfach in Baden, and salts called selenates.

After this it was not unnatural for self to be the Mexican mines, where it is called plata Selenide (sel'en-id), n. A compound of se

often regarded as a noun with the plural azul. lenium with one other element or radical.

selves, like other nouns ending in f. In himSelcouth (sel köth), a. [A. Sax. selcúth, Seleniferous (sel-e- nit'er-us), a. (Sele

sell, themselves, the old dative is still remeldeth - sel, seld, rare, and cúth, known. ) nium, and L. fero, to produce.] Containing

tained.) A pronominal element affixed to Rarely known; unusual; uncommon; strange. selenium; yielding selenium ; as, selenis

certain personal pronouns and pronominal

adjectives to express emphasis or distincYet nathemore his meaning she ared

erous ores.

Selenious (se-lē'ni-us), a. But wondred much at his so selcouth case. Sponser.

tion: also when the pronoun is used re

Of, pertaining to, or produced from selenium.-Selenious

flexively. Thus for emphasis, I myself will Seldt (seld), adr. Rarely; seldom. Shak. Seld

write; I will examine for myself. Thou thy(seld), 2.

acid (H, Se 02), an acid derived from sele-
nium. It forms salts called selenites.

self shalt go; thou shalt see for thyself. The Selden tado. Seldom Chaucer. Selenite (selen-it), n (From Gr, selēnē, the

child itself shall be carried; it shall be Seldom (sel'dom), ado. [A. Sax. seldan, moon.] 1. Foliated or crystallized sulphate

present itself. Reciprocally, I abhor myseldon, seldum, Icel sjaldan, Dan. sielden, of lime. Selenite is a sub-species of sul

self; he loves himself; it pleases itself; we D. zelden, G. selten; from A. Sax. seld, 0.G. phate of lime, of two varieties, massive and

value ourselves. Except when added to prowl. Goth. sild, rare, whence sildaleiks, acicular.-2. One of the supposed inhabit

nouns used reflexively, self serves to give stranze, odd.) Rarely; not often; not freants of the moon.

emphasis to the pronoun, or to render the quently. Visdom and youth are seldom joined in one. Hooker,

distinction expressed by it more emphatical. Selenitic (sel-e-nit'ik), a. 1. Pertaining to selenite; resembling it or partaking of its

'I myself will decide, not only expresses - Seldom or never, very rarely, if ever. nature and properties.-2. Pertaining to the

my determination to decide, but the deter* Seldom or never changed.' Brougham.

mination that no other shall decide. Himmoon. Seldom (sel' dom), a. Rare; unfrequent. Selenium (sē - lē'ni-um), n. (From Gr.

sell, herself, themselves, are used in the noThe seldom discharge of a higher and more selēnė, the moon, so named by Professor

minative case, as well as in the objective. noble office.' Milton.

Berzelius from its being associated with tel Jesus himself baptized not, but his disciples. Seldomness (sel' dom - nes), n. Rareness; lurium, from L. tellus, the earth.) Sym. Se.

Jn. iv, 2. infrequency; uncommonness.

Sometimes self is separated from my, thy, At. wt. 79.5. A non-metallic element exThe seldaraness of the sight increased the more intracted from the pyrite of Fahlun in

&c., as, my wretched selt; "To our gross qalet longiog.

Sir P. Sidney.
Sweden, and discovered in 1818 by Berze-

selves' (Shak.); and this leads to the similar Seld-shownt (seld'shón). a. Rarely shown lius. In its general chemical analogies it is

use of self with the possessive case of a or exhibited. Shak. related to sulphur and tellurium. It gener

noun; as, Tarquin's self' (Shak.), giving self Select (sé-lekt'), v.t. (L. seligo, selectum

almost the character of a noun, which it ally occurs in very small quantity in some xe, from, and lego, to pick, cull, or gather.]

fully takes in such cases as are illustrated of the varieties of iron pyrites and as an To choose and take from a number; to impurity in native sulphur. When pre

in next article. take by preference from among others; to cipitated it appears as a red powder, which,

Self (self), n. 1. The individual as an object pick out: to cull; as, to select the best when heated, melts, and on cooling forms a

to his own reflective consciousness; the man authors for perusal; to select the most brittle mass, nearly black, but transmitting

viewed by his own cognition as the subject interesting and virtuous men for associates. red light when in thin plates. When heated

of all his mental phenomena, the agent in his A certain number, in the air it takes fire, burns with a blue

own activities, the subject of his own feel. Though thanks to all, must I select from all. Shak. flame, and produces a gaseous compound,

ings, and the possessor of faculties and charSelect (se-lekt). a. Taken from a number oxide of selenium, which has a most pene

acter: a person as & distinct individual : by preference; culled out by reason of ex trating and characteristic odour of putrid

one's individual person; the ego of metacellence: nicely chogen; choice; whence, horse-radish.


A man's self may be the worst fellow to converse preferable; more valuable or excellent than Seleniuret, Selenuret (se- lēn'ü-ret), n.

with in the world.

Pope. others; as, a body of select troops. See SELENIDE.

The sell, the I, is recognized in every act of intelAnd happy constellations on that hour Seleniuretted (sē - lēn'û-ret-ed), a. Con

ligence as the subject to which that act belongs. It Shed their selectest influence. Milton.

taining selenium; combined or impreg. is I that perceive, I that imagine, I that remember, nated with selenium. - Seleniuretted hy

I that attend, I that compare, I that feel, I that will, A few seiret spirits had separated from the crowd,

I that ain conscious.

Sir W. Hamilton. and formed a fit audience round a far greater teacher.

drogen (H, Se), a gaseous compound of hy. Macaulay.

drogen and selenium obtained by the action 2. Personal interest; one's own private inSelectedly (se-lekt'ed-li). adv. With care of acids on metallic selenides. It has a terest in selection Prime workmen ... sesmell resembling that of sulphuretted hy.

The fondness we have for sell ... furnishes anlectedly employed." Heyriood. drogen, and when respired is even more

other long rank of prejudices.

Watts. Selection (se lek'ahon). 7. [L. selectio, se poisonous than that gas. Seleniuretted

Love took up the harp of life, and smote on all the

chords with might; lectionis. See SELECT.) 1. The act of se hydrogen is absorbed by water, and precipi.

Smote the chord of self, that, trembling, passed in lecting or choosing and taking from among tates most metallic solutions, yielding selen music out of sight.





3. A flower or blossom of a uniform colour, by one's own act or by one's own authority; Self-consciousness (self-kon'shus-nes), n. especially one without an edging or border as, a self-assumed title.

State of being self-conscious; consciousness distinct from the ground colour.-Self is Self-assumption (self-as-sum'shon),n. Self of one's own states or acts. the first element in innumerable compounds, conceit. In self-assumption greater than I am as justly accountable for any action done generally of obvious meaning, in most of in the note of judgment." Shak.

many years since, appropriated to me now by this which it denotes either the agent or the ob Self-assured (self'a-shörd), a. Assured by self-consciousness, as I am for what I did the last ject of the action expressed by the word one's self.


Locke. with which it is joined, or the person on Self-banished (self'ban - isht), a. Exiled Self-considering (self - kon-sid'ér-ing), p. behalf of whom it is performed, or the voluntarily. Pope.

and a. Considering in one's own mind; deperson or thing to, for, or towards whom or Self-begotten (self-bê-got'n), a. Begotten liberating. Self-considering, as he stands, which a quality, attribute, or feeling ex by one's self or one's own powers. That

debates.' Pope. pressed by the following word, belongs, is self-begotten bird in the Arabian woods.' | Self-consumed (self-kon-sümd'), a. Condirected, or is exerted, or from which it Milton.

sumed by one's self or itself. proceeds; or it denotes the subject of, or Self-blinded (self-blind'ed), a. Blinded or Self-consuming (self-kon-súm'ing), a. Conobject affected by, such action, quality, at led astray by one's own actions, means, or suming one's self or itself. 'A wandering, tribute, feeling, and the like. Goodrich. qualities. Self-blinded are you by your self-consuming fire.' Pope. Selft (self), a. Same; identical; very same; pride.' Tennyson.

Self-contained(self'kon-tánd).a. 1. Wrapped very. Self still has this sense when followed Self-born (seirborn), a. Born or begotten | up in one's self; reserved; not expansive or by same. See SELF-SAME. by one's self or itself; self-begotten. From

communicative. 'Cold, high, self-contained, Shoot another arrow that self way himself the phonix only springs, self-born.'

and passionless.' Tennyson. --2. A term apWhich you did shoot the first. Shak. Dryden.

plied (especially in Scotland) to a house I am made of that self metal as my sister. Shak. Self-bounty+ (self-boun'ti), n. Inherent having an entrance for itself, and not apAt that self inoment enters Palamon.

proached by an entrance or stair common | kindness and benevolence. Dryden.

to others. --Self-contained engine, an engine

I would not have your free and noble nature, Self-abased (self'a-bāst), a. Humbled by

Out of self-bounty, be abused.


and boiler attached together, complete for conscious guilt or shame.

working, similar to a portable engine, but Self-abasement (self-a-băs'ment),n. 1. HuSelf-breatht (self' breth), n. One's own

without the travelling gear. E. H. Knight. miliation or abasement proceeding from speech or words. "Speaks not to himself

Self-contempt (self'kon-tert), n. Contempt consciousness of inferiority, guilt, or shane. but with a pride that quarrels at self for one's self. Tennyson. 2. Degradation of one's self by one's own breath.' Shak.

Self-contradiction (self'kon-tra-dik"shon). act. Self-centration (self-sen-tra'shon), n. The

n. The act of contradicting itself; repngEnough! no foreign foe could quell

act of centring or state of being centred on nancy in terms. To be and not to be at the Thy soul, till from itself it fell." one's self.

same time, is a self-contradiction; that is, a Yes! self-abasement paved the way

Self-centred (self'sen-térd), a. Centred in To villain bonds and despot sway.

proposition consisting of two members, one Byron. self.

of which contradicts the other. Addison. Self-abasing (self-a-bás'ing), a. Humbling Self-charity (self' char-i-ti), n. Love of Self-contradictory (self'kon-tra-dik"to-ri). by the consciousness of guilt or by shame. one's self. Shak.

a. Contradicting itself. Doctrines which Self-abhorrence (self-ab-hor'ens), n. Ab Self-closing (self'klóz-ing), a. Closing of are self-contradictory.' Spectator. horrence of one's self.

itself; closing or shutting automatically; as, Self-control (self-kon-trõl'), n. Control exSelf-abhorring (self-ab-hor'ing), a. Abhor. a self-closing bridge or door.

ercised over one's self; self-restraint; selfring one's self. Self-coloured (self-kul'érd ), a. All of one

command. Tennyson. Self-abuse (self-a-būs'), n. 1. The abuse of colour: applied to textile fabrics in which self-convicted (self-kon-vik'ted). a. Conone's own person or powers. Shak.--2. Onan the warp and weft are of the same colour. victed by one's own consciousness, knowism; masturbation. Self-command (self'kom-mand), a. That

ledge, or avowal. Self-accused (self'ak-küzd), a. Accused by steady equanimity which enables a man in

Guilt stands self-convicted when arraigned. one's own conscience. every situation to exert his reasoning fa

* Savage. Self-accusing (self'ak-küz-ing), a. Accusing culty with coolness, and to do what exist Self-conviction (self-kon-vik'shon), n. Conone's self.

ing circumstances require; self-control. viction proceeding from one's own conThen held down she her head and cast down a Hume.

sciousness, knowledge, or confession self-accusing look.

Sir P. Sidney. Self-commitment (self-kom-mitment), n. No wonder such a spirit, in such a situation, is Self-acting (self'akt-ing). a. Acting of or A committing or binding one's self, as by a provoked beyond the regards of religion or self-con. promise, statement, or conduct.

viction. by itself: applied to any automatic contriv.

Suit. ances for superseding the manipulation | Self-communicative (self-kom-mū'ni-kā- | Self - covered (self-kuv'erd), a. Covered. which would otherwise be required in the

tiv), a. Imparting or communicating by its clothed, or dressed in one's native semmanagement of machines; as, the self-actown powers.

blance. Shak. ing feed of a boring-mill, whereby the cut

| Self-complacency (self-kom-pla'sen-si), n. Self-created (self-kré-at'ed), a. Created by ters are carried forward by the general mo The state of being self-complacent: satis one's self; not formed or constituted by antion of the machine.

faction with one's self or with one's own other. Self-action (self-ak'shon), n. Action by or


Self-culture (self-kul'tūr), n. Culture, trainoriginating in one's self or itself.

Self-complacent (self-kom-plä'sent), a. ing, or education of one's self without the Self-activity (self-ak-tiv'i-ti), n. Self-mo

Pleased with one's self or one's own doings; aid of teachers. Prof. Blackie. tion or the power of moving one's self or

self-satisfied. A self-complacent repose Self-danger (self-dan'jer), 7. Danger from itself without foreign or external aid.

superior to accidents and ills.' Dr. Caird. one's selt. Shak,

Self-conceit (self-kon-sēt'), n. A high opinion Self-deceit (self-de-sēt), n. Deception reIf it can intrinsically stir itself, ... it must have a principle of self-activity which is life and sense.

of one's self; vanity.- Egotism, Self-conceit, specting one's self, or that originates from Boyle. Vanity. See under EGOTISM.

one's own mistake; self-deception. Self-adjusting (self-ad-just'ing), a. Adjust Thyself from flattering self-conceit derend.

This fatal hypocrisy and self-deceit is taken notice ing by one's self or by itself.

Sir 7. Denham. of in these words. Who can understand his errors ?

Cleanse thou me from secret faults. Addison. Self-admiration (self'ad-mi-rā"shon), n. Self-conceited (self-kon-sēt'ed), a. Having Admiration of one's self. self-conceit; vain; having a high or over

Self-deceived (self-de-sēvd), a Deceived Self-affairs (self'af-färz), n.

weening opinion of one's own person or or misled respecting one's self by one's own private business. Shak. merits.

mistake or error. Self-affected (self-af-fekted), a. Well-af A self-conceited' fop will swallow anything.

Self - deception (self-de-sep'shon), m. D. fected towards one's self; self-loving. Shak,

Sir R. L'Estrange. ception concerning one's self, proceeding Self-affrighted (self-af-frit'ed), a. Fright- Self-conceitedness (self-kon-sēt'ed-nes), n. from one's own mistake. ened at one's self. Shak.

The quality or state of being self-conceited: Self-defence (self-dé-fens'), n. The act of Self-aggrandizement (self-ag'gran -diz vanity; an overweening opinion of one's

defending one's own person, property, or ment), n. The aggrandizement or exalta own person or accomplishments. Locke. reputation. tion of one's self. Self-condemnation (sell' kon - dem - nā".

I took not arms, till urged by self-defence, Self-annihilation (self'an-ni-hi-lá"shon), n. shon), n. Condemnation by one's own con

The eldest law of nature.

Rome. Annihilation by one's own act. Addison. science

- The art of self-defence, boxing; pugilism. Self-applause (self-ap-plaz), 72. Applause Self-condemning (self-kon-dem'ing), a.

Byron of one's self. Not void of righteous self Condemning one's self. Self-condemning Self-defensive (self-de-fen'siv), a. Tending applause.' Tennyson. expressions, Boswell.

to defend one's self. Self-applying (self-ap-pli'ing), a. Apply Self-confidence (self-kon'fi-dens), n. Confi Self-delation (self-de-lä'shon), n. (See DEing to or by one's self. Watts.

dence in one's own judgment or ability; re- LATION.) Accusation of one's self. Bound Self-approbation (self'ap-pro-bā"shon), n. liance on one's own opinion or powers with to inform against himself to be the agent Approbation of one's self. out other aid.

of the most rigid self-delation.' Milman. Self-approving (self-ap-pröv'ing), a. Ap

Self-confidence is the first requisite to great under Self-delusion (self-dē-lû'zhon), n. The deproving one's self or one's conduct or char


Johnson, lusion of one's self, or delusion respecting acter. Self-confident (self-kon'fi-dent), a. Confi.

one's self. South. One self-approving hour whole years outweighs dent of one's own strength or powers; rely.

Self-denial (self-de-ni'al), n. The denial of Of stupid starers and of loud huzzas. ing on the correctness of one's own judg.

one's self; the forbearing to gratify one's Self-asserting, Self-assertive (self-as ment, or the competence of one's own

own appetites or desires. sért'ing, self-as-sert'iv), a. Forward in as powers, without other aid.

The religion of Jesus, with all its self-denials, virserting one's self, or one's rights and claims; Self-confiding (self-kon-fīd'ing), a. Confid

tues, and devotions, is very practicable. W'atts. putting one's self forward in a confident ing in one's own judgment or powers; self Self-denying (self-de-ni'ing), a. Denying way. confident. Pope.

one's self; forbearing to indulge one's own Self-assertion (self-as-sér'shon), n. The Self-conscious (self-kon'shus), a. 1. Con appetites or desires. 'A devout, humble, act of asserting one's self or one's own scious of one's states or acts as belonging to sin-abhorring, self-denying frame of spirit.' rights or claims; a putting one's self for one's self. "Self-conscious thought.' Caird. South. Self-denying ordinance, in Eng. ward in an over-confident or assuming 2. Conscious of one's self as an object of ob hist. a resolution passed by the Long Parmanner.

servation to others; apt to think much of liament in 1645, that no member of either Self-assumed (self'as-sümd), a. Assumed how one's self appears to others.

House shall, during the war, enjoy or exe

itself, jie and sense oyle.

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cute any office or command, civil or mili. being's own nature, and independent of any Self-importance (self-im-port'ans), n. High

other being or cause, an attribute peculiar opinion of one's self; pride. Cowper. Self-denyingly (self-de-ni'ing-li), ado. In to God.

Self-important (self-im-port'ant), a. Ima sell-denying manner.

Living and understanding substances do clearly portant in one's own esteem; pompous. Self-dependent, Self-depending (self-de

demonstrate to philosophical enquirers the necessary

Self - imposed (self'im-pozd), a. Imposed sell existence, power, wisdom, and beneficence of penitent, sell-de-pend'ing), a. Depending

their Maker.


or voluntarily taken on one's self; as, a selfon one's self. 'Set-dependent power.' Gold

imposed task. Self-existent (self-egz-ist'ent), a. Existing |

& Self-imposture (self-im-pos'tūr), n. Impos

by one's or its own nature or essence, inSelf-destroyer (self-de-stroi'ér), n. One

ture practised on one's self. South. dependent of any other cause. who destroys himself.

Self - indignation (self'in-dig-na"shon), n. Sell-destruction (self-de-struk'shon),n. The

This self-existent Being hath the power of perfec

Indignation at one's own character or action, as well as of existence in himself. N. Grow, destruction of one's sell; voluntary destruc- |

tions. Opposite and more mixed affections, tion Sir P. Sidney. Self-explanatory (sell-eks-plan'a-to-ri), a.

such as ... self-indignation.' Baxter. Self-destructive (self-di-struk’tiv),a. Tend. Capable of explaining itself; bearing its Self-in

Self-indulgence (self-in-duljens), n. Free ing to the destruction of one's sell. meaning on its own face; obvious.

indulgence of one's passions or appetites, Salt - determination (sell' dē-tér - min-å". Self-explication (self'eks-pli-kå"shon), n.

Love of ease and self-indulgence. Sir J. shon). Determination by one's own mind;

| The act or power of explaining one's self or Hawlins. or determination by its own powers, with itself. “A thing perplexed beyond self-ex- Self-indulgent (sell-in-dul'jent), a. Indulg. out extraneous impulse or influence. Locke. plication.' Shak.

ing one's self; apt or inclined to gratify Self-determining (sell-dé-ter'min-ing), a. Self-faced (self'lāst), a. A term applied to

one's own passions, desires, or the like. Capable of self-determination.

the natural face or surface of a flagstone, | Self-inflicted (self-in-flik'ted), a. Inflicted

in contradistinction to dressed or heron. Every animal is conscious of some individual, self

by or on one's self; as, a self-inflicted pun. Self - fed (self'fed), a. Fed by one's self or moving, self-determining principle.

ishment. Martinus Scriblerus. itself. Nilton.

Self-insufficiency (sell'in-suf-A"shen-si). Self-devoted (self-de-võt'ed), a. Devoted Self-feeder (self-fēd'ér), n. One who or that

11. Insufficiency of one's self. Clarke. in person, or voluntarily devoted. which feeds himself or itself; specifically, a

Self-interest (self-in'tér-est), n. Private Sell-devotement (self-de-vötment), n. The self-feeding apparatus or machine.

interest; the interest or advantage of one's devoting of one's person and services volun Self-feeding (sell-fēd'ing), a. Capable of sell. tarily to any difficult or hazardous employ

feeding one's self or itself; keeping up auto- Self-interested (sell-in'tér-est-ed), a. Havment

matically a supply of anything of which ing self-interest; particularly concerned for Self-devotion (self-de-vö'shon), n. The act there is a constant consumption, waste, use, one's self; selfish. Addison of devoting one's self: willingness to sacri. or application for some purpose; as, a self Self-invited (self-in-vit'ed), a. Come withfice one's own interests or happiness for the feeding boiler, furnace, printing-press, &c.

out being asked; as, a sel-invited guest. sake of others; sell-sacrifice.

Self-fertilization (self'fer-til-iz-å"shon), n. Self-involution (self'in-vo-lü"shon), n. InSelf-devouring (self-de-vouring), a. De In bot. the fertilization of a flower by pollenvolution in one's self; hence, mental abstrac. vouring one's self or itself. 'Self-devouring

from the same flower. The evil effects of tion: reverie. silence Sir J. Denham. close interbreeding or self-fertilization.'

Self-involved (self-in-volvd'). a. Wrapped Sell - diffusive (self-dif-fūz'iv), a. Having Darwin.

up in one's self or in one's thoughts. Tenpower to diffuse itself; diffusing itself. Self-fertilized (self'fer-til-izd"), p. and a. In

nyson. Norris

bot. fertilized by its own pollen. See ex- selfish (self'ish ), a. Caring only or chiefly Self-disparagement (self-dis-par'áj-ment), tract.

for self; regarding one's own interest chiefly Disparagement of one's sell.

A sell. fertilised plant ... means one of self. or solely; proceeding from love of self; in. Inward self-disparagement affords fertilized parentage, that is, one derived from a

fluenced in actions solely by a view to priflower fertilized with pollen from the same flower, Te meditative spleen a grateful feast. Wordsworth. ... or from another flower on the same plant.

vate advantage; as, a selfish person; a selfish Self-dispraise (self-dis-práz), n. Dispraise,

Darwin. motive. The most aspiring, selfish man."

Self-flattering (self-flat'tér-ing),a. Flattercensure, or disapprobation of one's self.

Addison. ing one's self. Self-flattering delusions.' There is a laxury in self-dispraise. I'ordsworth.

That sin of sins, the undue love of self, with the Watts.

postponing of the interests of all others to our own, Self-distrust (self-dis-trust), n. Distrust Self-flattery (self-flatter-i), n. Flattery of

had for a long time no word to express it in Eng. of or want of confidence in one's self or in

lish. Help was sought from the Greek, and from one's self.

the Latin Philauty' had been more than once one's own powers 'It is my shyness, or Self-gathered (self-gath'érd), a. Gathered, attempted by our scholars, but found no acceptance. my all-distrust.' Tennyson.

wrapped up, or concentrated in one's self This failing, men turned to the Latin; one writer Self-educated (sell-ed'ú-kåt-ed), a Edu. or itself.

trying to supply the want by calling the man a'suist, eated by one's own efforts or without the

as one seeking his own things (sua), and the sin There in her place she did rejoice,

itself, 'suicism. The gap, however, was not really aid of teachers.

Self-gatherd in her prophet-mind. Tennyson,

filled up, till some of the Puritan writers, drawing on Sell-elective (self-e-lek'tiv), a. Having Self-glorious (sell-glö'ri-us), a. Springing our Saxon, devised 'selfish' and 'selfishness,' words the right to elect one's self, or, as a body, from vainglory or vanity; vain; boastful.

which to us seem obvious enough, but which yet are of electing its own members.

not more than two hundred years old. Trench. Free from vainness and self-glorious pride.' Aa oligarchy on the self-electite principle was thus Shak.

Selfishly (self'ish-li), adv. In a selfish manesaadubed.

Brougham. Self-governed (self-gu'vernd), a. Governed ner; with regard to private interest only or Self-endeared (self-en-derd).a. Enamoured by one's self or itself; as, a self-governed

chiefly. Pope. of one's self; self-loving. Shak, state.

Selfishness (sell'ish-nes), n. The quality of Sell - enjoyment (sell-en-joi'ment), n. In. Self-government (self-gu'vern-ment). n. being selfish; the exclusive regard of a perternal satisfaction or pleasure. 1. The government of one's self; self-control.

son to his own interest or happiness; the Self-esteem (self-es-tēm), n. The esteem 2. A system of government by which the quality of being entirely self-interested, or or good opinion of one's self. Milton. mass of a nation or people appoint the

proceeding from regard to self-interest Sell-estimation (self'es-ti-ma"shon), n. The rulers: democratic or republican govern

alone, without regarding the interest of esteem or good opinion of one's self. ment; democracy.

others; as, the selfishness of a person or of Sel-evidence (self-ev'i-dens), n. The qua It is to sell government, the great principle of

his conduct. lity of being self-evident. By the same popular representation and administration--the sys. Selfishness (is) a vice utterly at variance with the velj-eridence that one and two are equal to

tem that lets in all to participate in the counsels happiness of him who harbours it, and as such, con.

that are to assign the good or evil to all-that we three." Loeke.

demned by self-love.

Stackintosh. may owe what we are and what we hope to be. Self-evident (self-ev'i-dent). a. Evident

Selfishness and self-love are sometimes conwithout proof or reasoning: producing cer. Self-gratulation (self'grat-u-lá"shon). n. founded, but are properly distinct. See also tainty or clear conviction upon a bare pre-| Gratulation of one's self. Shak.

SELF-LOVE and extracts there. sentation to the mind; as, a self-evident pro Self-harming (self hårm-ing), a. Injuring

Selfishness is not an excess of self-love, and conposition or truth. or hurting one's self or itself.

sists not in an over-desire of happiness, but in placing Many politicians of our time are in the habit of Self-heal (selfhel), n. A British plant of your happiness in something which interferes with, laying it down as a self-etrident proposition, that no the genus Prunella, the P. vulgaris. See or leaves you regardless of, that of others. Whately. people ought to be free till they are fit to use their

PRUNELLA. Also, a plant of the genus Sani Selfism (self'izm ), n. Devotedness to self ; freedou.

cula (which see).

selfishness. (Rare.) Self-evidently (self-ev'i-dent-li), ado. By self-healing (self'hēl-ing), a. Having the Selfist (self'ist), n. One devoted to self; a means of self-evidence; without extraneous

power or property of healing itself; as, the selfish person. The prompting of generous proof or reasoning.

self-healing power of living animals and feeling, or of what the cold selfist calls quix. These two quantities were self-evidently equal vegetables

otism.' Jer. Taylor. (Rare.] Whouvell. Self-help (selfhelp), n. Assistance of or by Sell-evolution (self'er-o-lū"shon), n. De

Self-justification (self'jus-ti-A-kā"shon), n. one's self; the use of one's own powers to Justification of one's self. velopment by inherent power or quality. attain one's ends. S. Smiles.

Self-justifier (self-jus'ti-fi-ér), n. One who Self-exaltation (sellegz-al-tä"shon), n. The Sell - homicide (self-hom'i-sid), n. Act of

excuses or justifies himself. exaltation of one's self. killing one's self; suicide. Hakewill.

Self-killed (self' kild), a. Killed by one's Self-examinant (self-egz-am'in-ant), n. One

Selfhood (self'hud), n. Individual or in self. Shak. who examines himself.

dependent existence : separate personality; Self-kindled (self-kin'did), a. Kindled of The brusniliated self examinant feels that there is individuality. 'All that had been manly itself, or without extraneous aid or power. evil in our nature as well as good. Coleridge.

in him, all that had been youth and selfhood Dryden. Sell-examination (self'egz-am-i-ni"shon), in him, flaming up for one brief moment.' Sell-knowing (self-nö'ing), a. Knowing of An examination or scrutiny into one's Harper's Monthly Mag. (Rare.)

itself, or without communication from an. own state, conduct, and motives, particu: 1 Self-idolized (seif'i-dol-izd), a. Idolized by other. Milton. larly in regard to religious affections and one's sell Cowper.

Self-knowledge (self-nolei), n. The knowduties South

Self - ignorance (self-ig'no-rans), n. Igno- | ledge of one's own real character, abilities, Sell-example (sell-egz-am'pl), n. One's own rance of one's own character or nature.

worth, or demerit. Example or precedent Shak.

Self-ignorant (self-ig no-rant), a. Ignorant Self-left (self'left), a. Left to one's self or Sel-existence (sell-egz-ist'ens), n. The qua of one's self.

to itself. lity of being self-existent; inherent exist Self - imparting (self-im-pärt'ing), a. Im His heart I know how variable and vain...... ence: the existence possessed by virtue of a parting by its own powers and will. Norris. Self-left.

populhat lets in a the good hat we hope. Webster.

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