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Chamadaguini, and mother of Parassourama. one above another. These pots are adorned This goddess commanded the elements, but with the leaves of the Margosier, a tree concould not preserve that empire longer than secrated to her. Fearing her son Parassouher heart was pure. One day, while she rama would no longer adore her, she prayed was collecting water out of a tank, and, ac- the Deverkels to grant her another child, cording to her custom, was making with and they gave her Catavareyen; the Parias that and earth a bowl to carry it to the divide their adoration between his mother house, she saw on the surface of the water and him. Mariatale is by many authors some figures of Grandouers, who were flying called the devil Ganga. They sacrifice heover her head. Struck with their charms, goats to her." desire seized her heart. The earth of the bowl liquified, and the water mixed again “ VICHENOU resides in the sea of milk, in with that of the tank. From this time she contemplative repose, throned on Addiswas obliged to make use of a vase. This sechen, or Seja, the thousand-headed serinability discovered to Chamadaguini that pent who supports the universe. They his wife had deviated from purity, and in reckon seven seas:: 1, of salt ; 2, of butter; the excess of his rage he ordered his son to 3, of tain, or curdled milk; 4, of calon, the drag her to the place where criminals were liquor drawn from the palm ; 5, of the serexecuted, and to behead her. This order pent; 6, of water; 7, of milk, which they was executed, but Parassourama was so call tirouparcadel." much afflicted for the loss of his mother, that Chamadaguini told him to take up the “ The two Rachaders, Ragou and Quebody and fasten the head upon it, which he dou, were metamorphosed into snakes, one had cut off, and repeat a prayer in her ear, red, the other black. They are enemies to which he taught him, and his mother would the Sun and Moon, who prevented them come again to life. The son ran eagerly to from swallowing a portion of the Amortam. perform what he was ordered, but by a very | Eclipses happen when they attack them.” singular blunder, he joined the head of his mother to the body of a Parichi who had “DEVENDREN, in the figure of a handsome been executed for her crimes : a monstrous man, one day went to find a courtesan, to assemblage which gave to this woman the prove if she would be faithful to him. He virtues of a goddess and the vices of a crimi- promised her great rewards, and she received nal. The goddess becoming impure by such him well during the whole night. Devena mixture, was driven from her house, and dren counterfeited death, and the courtesan committed all kinds of cruelties. The De- was so prepossessed of the truth, that she verkels perceiving the destruction she made, absolutely would be burned with him, though appeased her in giving her the power to they represented to her that he was not her cure the small-pox, and promising her she husband. As she was going to precipitate should be implored for that disorder.-Ma- herself into the flames, Devendren awoke, riatale is the great goddess of the Parias, acknowledged the deceit, took her for his who place her above the Deity. To honour wife, and carried her into his paradise." her, they have a custom of dancing with several pots of water on their heads, placed “MANMADIN once dared to shoot his ar

The sculptured form of Marriataly stood;
It was an idol roughly hewn of wood,

Artless, and mean, and rude;
The goddess of the poor was she;
None else regarded her with piety.".

The Curse, ii. 8.-J. W. W.

! In the extract from Kindersley, Poems, p. 610, there is some little difference. The quotation is to the line, 'Yea, the seven earths, that, each with its own ocean," &c.

Mount Calasay, xix. 6.

J. W. W.

rows at Eswara. The god darted flame from me, when I asked him why Cama, or Love, the eye in his forehead, and consumed him was represented as her son."-SIR W.JONES. to ashes. Afterwards be restored him to life.”

“The appropriate seat of Mahadeva (Es

wara) was mount Cailása, every splinter of “AROUNIN, a lame Deverkel, conducts the whose rocks was an inestimable gem. His chariot of the sun. The chariot is supported terrestrial haunts are the snowy hills of at one end by Mount Merou, the rest is

Himalaya, or that branch of them to the sustained by the air. There is only one east of the Brahmaputra, which has the name wheel. It is drawn by seven green horses. of Chandrasic' hara, or the Mountains of the The Valaguilliers, to the number of 60,000, Moon." -Ibid. follow the sun in his twelve chambers, adoring him, and singing his praise.

“ THERE the sun shines not, nor the moon “ The mountain Merou is composed of and stars. These lightnings flash not in that 8,000 small mountains. It is of gold, in the place : how should even fire blaze there? middle of the earth. The gods alone can God irradiates all this bright substance, and go there. With this mountain they churned by its effulgence the universe is enlightened. the sea of milk to make the Amortam."1

-From the Yajurveda. Asiat. R.

This may be finely applied to Eswara's “Takin is one of the ten Brahmas. Thir- glory throne. teen of his daughters married the Penitent Cassiapen. Of these Adidi was mother | ‘Hæc ait, et sese radiorum nocte suorum of the Deverkels; Singinde, of Ragou and Claudit inaccessum.'" COLUMBUS. Quedou ; Vinde, of Arounin the lame; Catrou, of all snakes; Arite, of twelve lovely “ JAMBU is the Sansorit name of a delidaughters, the eldest of whom, Arambe, is cate fruit, called Jáman by the Muselmans, the dancer of the Deverkels."

and by us rose-apple: but the largest and richest sort is named Amrita, or Immortal;

and the mythologists of Tibet apply the same “ They believe that we receive from the

word to a celestial tree bearing ambrosial moon a certain vital water which gathereth fruit, and adjoining to four vast rocks, from and disposeth itself in the brain, descending which as many sacred rivers derive their sethence, as from a source, into all the mem

veral streams."—Ibid. bers for their functions."—BERNIER.

It is odd that Sir W. Jones makes no re

mark upon this resemblance to the immor“ All the Avatars were of a dark-blue talizing milk, or tree of life. · colour, to mark their celestial descent."MAURICE.

“ GARUDA, whom Vishnu rides, is often

painted with the face of a beautiful youth, Maya, or, as the word is explained by and the body of an imaginary eagle. His some Hindu scholars, the first inclination of

name is better spelt Garura. He is the rathe Godhead to diversify himself (such is their tional eagle."— Ibid. phrase), by creating worlds, is feigned to be the mother of universal nature, and of all

“Kids are still offered to Cali, the wife the inferior gods; as a Cashmirian informed

of Siva, to palliate the cruelty of the slaugh

ter which gave such offence to Buddha. The 'On “ The Amreeta-cup of immortality," see

Brahmans inculcate a belief that the poor Notes to “ Curse of Kehama," Poems, p. 624.

victims rise in the heaven of Indra, where J. W. W. they become the musicians of his band.

“Formerly human sacrifices were made that they may wave like the banners of to this goddess, and bulls and horses.”— Cama." Ibid.

He applauds another who dances in the CAPARDIN, with thick hair, is a title of Es- sportive circle, “whilst her bracelets ring, as

she beats time with her palms."


They suppose that the Sphinx, or Singh “IF powder of sandal wood finely levias they call her, will appear at the end of gated be applied to her breasts, she starts, the world so huge, as at the instant of her and mistakes it for poison.”—Ibid. birth to seize on an elephant. This tradition was related by a Pundit to Colonel Pearse. Sir W. Jones conceives the sculpture representing it to be intended for a

“ I MYSELF never was not, nor thou, nor lion,—so Singh means, so several Bramins all the princes of the earth ; nor shall we told him who had seen it. Yet if the draw- ever hereafter cease to be."-KREESHNA, in ing of the colonel be correct, the female the Bhagvat Geeta. breasts are visible.

“ As the soul in this mortal frame findeth infancy, youth, and old age, so in some fu

ture frame will it find the like."-Ibid. Oriental Images. “Her eyes appear like moons eclipsed, “The former state of beings is unknown, which let fall their gathered nectar, through the middle state is evident, and their future pain caused by the tooth of the furious dra. state is not to be discovered. Why, then, gon."-Songs of Jayadeva.

shouldst thou trouble thyself about such

things as these?”—Ibid. “ SPREAD a string of gems on those two soft globes ; let the golden bells of thy zone “Let the motive be in the deed, and not tinkle, and proclaim the mild edict of love. in the event.”—Ibid. Say, O damsel, with delicate speech, shall I dye red, with the juice of alactaca, those “PERFORM thy duty, abandon all thought beautiful feet, which will make the full- of the consequence, and make the event blown land-lotus blush with shame.”—Ibid. equal, whether it terminate in good or evil;

for such an equality is called Yog.”—Ibid. “And Radha, with timid joy, darting her eyes on Govinda, while she musically “Although thou wert the greatest of all sounded the rings of her ankles, and the offenders, thou shalt be able to cross the bells of her zone, entered the mystic bower gulf of sin with the bark of wisdom.”—Ibid. of her only beloved."

“The man who, performing the duties of “His locks, interwoven with blossoms, life, and quitting all interest in them, placeth were like a cloud variegated with moon- them


Brahm the Supreme, is not taintbeams."

ed by sin; but remaineth like the leaf of the

lotus, unaffected by the waters.”—Ibid. “ Place now a fresh circle of musk, black as the lunar spots, on the moon of my fore- The Yogee of a subdued mind is comhead, and mix gay flowers on my tresses, pared “to a lamp, standing in a place without with a peacock's feathers, in graceful order, wind, which waveth not.”—Ibid.

laris, quem

66 The

“I GLADLY inspire those who are con

“Fuit Vizier Nodhamo'l Mole unio singustantly employed in my service, with that use of reason by which they come unto me; and in compassion I stand in my own na

Conflavit (Deus) misericors ex nobilitate. ture, and dissipate the darkness of their ig- Apparuit et non agnovêre tempora pretium norance with the light of the lamp of wis

ejus dom."-Ibid.

Quare illum illis invidens, in concham

iterum reposuit." The crop of heads on their deities is SHABLO'DDAULA. ABUL-PHARAJIUS. merely a palpable metaphor of " the eternal God whose countenance is turned on every side."-Ibid.

“The Banyans," says Herbert, “hold “ As a single sun illuminateth the whole

that at the last judgment the sun will shed

P. 53. world, even so doth the spirit enlighten every

his light like purling brimstone." body.”—Ibid.

“THERE are these three passages to Na- 6 WHEN those two damsels departed, rak (the infernal regions), lust, anger, and musk was diffused from their robes, as the avarice, which are the destroyers of the soul: eastern gale sheds the scent of clove gillywherefore a man should avoid them; for, flowers."--AMRIOLKAIS. MOALLAKAT. being freed from these gates of sin, at length he goeth the journey of the Most High."— SAND-HILLS often mentioned. Ibid.

bosom of a vale surrounded with hillocks of

spiry sand.”—“Let me weep at the remem“WHENCE should men out of place have brance of our beloved, at the sight of the wealth, which makes others give way to the station where her tent was raised by the fangrooms of their horses ? Whence should edge of yon bending sands." they procure white umbrellas with long sticks, horses, elephants, and a troop of at

“Her bosom was smooth as a mirror, or tendants ?”—HITOPADESA.

like the pure egg of an ostrich of a yellowish tint blended with white, and nourished by a

stream of wholesome water not yet disturbed." “Before the sun had put on his crown

What meaning has this? of rays.”Life of Creeshna.

“Her long coal-black hair decorated her “ Tuy anger was but mercy,


gave is an occasion of beholding thy power."- | ROUALEYN GORDON CUMMING in his Five Ibid.

Years of a Hunter's Life in the Far Interior of
South Africa, speaks of the ostrich shells as

used for water-vases by the “bush-girls and “Hell, called Yemalogu, is a large fiery

Bakalahari women who belong to the wander.

ing Bechuana tribes of the Kalahari desert.”cellar, where there are fiery leeches.”—Let- vol. 1, p. 113. I do not know whether this ters to the Dan. Miss.

can be used in illustration, neither do I know what authority is due to the book quoted. He. rodotus, in the old time, and Bruce, in more

recent days, told stories equally wonderful, “ Thou art pleasanter than sweet Samar- which have turned out true. One cannot, how. cand in her vallies of jonquils."— Translated ever, but lament that Mr. Cumming's narrative from the Persian and Arabic by the author

should be so needlessly blood-stained as it is at

times--neither is mawkish sentimentality at all of Gebir.

to be admired.-J. W. W.


back, thick and diffused like bunches of “ The delighted genii have been collectdates clustering on the palm tree." ing, among the trees of life, those crimson

and azure dyes, with which the celestial " A LEG both as white and as smooth as damsels tinge their beautiful feet, and they the stem of a young palm, or a fresh reed, now are writing thy actions in verses worbending over the rivulet.”

thy of divine melody.”—Ibid.

“O FRIEND, seest thou the lightning? the fire of it gleams like the lamps of a hermit, when the oil poured on them shakes the

WHEN S. Roberto reformed the Benecord by which they are suspended." - Ibid. dictines at Molismo, part of the regular

business of the day was cortar folhas de palma, & tecer dellas os habitos que tra

ziaõ."—Brito. Chro. de Cister. "The Betele maketh the mouth and lips of a vermillion colour, and the breath sweet and pleasing."-BERNIER.

Hodges speaks of peacocks in abundance, “which, sitting on the vast horizon

tal branches, and displaying their varied " It well becomes thee, who art soft as plumage to the sun, dazzle the eyes of the the fresh-blown Mallica, to fill with water traveller as he passes." the canals which have been dug round these tender shrubs."-SACONTALA.

“My friend Priyamvada has tied this

A REYSHEE whose austerities were such mantle of bark so closely over my bosom that he subsisted entirely on the drops of that it gives me pain.”—Ibid.

milk which fell from the mouths of calves

in the act of calving.”Life of Creeshna. “ The venerable sage must have an unfeeling heart, since he has allotted a mean

** THE two children learned to walk toemployment to so lovely a girl, and has gether, either round their beds, or by holddressed her in a coarse mantle of woven ing a calf's tail in their hands." bark."-Ibid.

“ Thus did the Gopias admire him who “Now then I deliver to the priests this had on a yellow robe, a peacock's feather bundle of fresh Cusa grass, to be scattered on his head, a brilliant rosary round his neck, round the place of sacrifice.”—Ibid. and a flute on his lip."

“ The peacocks on the house-tops were

rejoicing and singing in the smoke which “ There has been a happy omen. The arose from the constant burning of aromayoung Brahman who officiated in our morn- tics in such quantity as to form a cloud that ing sacrifice, dropped the clarified butter resembled the rainy season." (though his sight was impeded by clouds of smoke) into the very centre of the adorable “On her sitting down or rising up, the flame."

Devates became mad with admiration at the

tinkling that proceeded from the golden “ ANOTHER prest the juice of Lacsha, to bells that adorned her feet and ankles."stain her feet exquisitely red."


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