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God helps those who help themselves."

Discourses on Government. Chap. i. Sect. xxiii It is not necessary to light a candle to the sun.” Ibid.

WILLIAM WALKER. 1623-1684.

Learn to read slow: all other graces
Will follow in their proper places.

The Art of Reading.

JOHN BUNYAN. 1628-1688.

And so I penned
It down, until at last it came to be,
For length and breadth, the bigness which you see.

Pilgrim's Progress. Apology for his Book.
Some said, “ John, print it;” others said, “Not so.
Some said, " It might do good ;” others said, "No."

Ibid The name of the slough was Despond.

Parti Every fat must stand upon his bottom."


Dark as pitch.


It beareth the name of Vanity Fair, because the town where 't is kept is lighter than vanity.


1 See Herbert, page 206.

Heaven ne'er helps the men who will not act. - SOPHOCLES : Frage ment 288 (Plumptre's Translation). Help thyself

, Heaven will help thee. – La Fontaine: Book ri. fable 18
Like his that lights a candle to the sun. — Fletcher : Letter to Sir
Walter Aston
And hold their farthing candle to the sun. -- Young: Satire vii. line 56.

8 Take time enough ; all other graces
Will soon fill up their proper places.

BYROM : Advice to preach slow. * Every tub must stand upon its bottom. – Macklin: The Man of the • RAY: Proverbs. GAY: The Shepherd's Week. Wednesday.

World, act i. sc. 2.


The palace Beautiful.

Pilgrim's Progress. Part i.
They came to the Delectable Mountains.

Some things are of that nature as to make
One's fancy chuckle, while his heart doth ache.

The Author's Way of sending forth his Second Pari of the Pilgrim.
He that is down needs fear no fall."

Part ü.

SIR WILLIAM TEMPLE. 1628-1699. Books, like proverbs, receive their chief value from the stamp and esteem of ages through which they have passed.

Ancient and Modern Learning. No clap of thunder in a fair frosty day could more astonish the world than our declaration of war against Holland in 1672.

Memoirs. Vol. ii. p. 255. When all is done, human life is, at the greatest and the best, but like a froward child, that must be played with and humoured a little to keep it quiet till it falls asleep, and then the care is over.

Miscellanea. Part ii. Of Poetry.

JOHN TILLOTSON. 1630–1694. If God were not a necessary Being of himself, he might almost seem to be made for the use and benefit of men.

WILLIAM STOUGHTON. 1631-1701. God sifted a whole nation that he might send choice grain over into this wilderness. 8

Election Sermon at Boston, April 29, 1669. 1 See Butler, page 212.

2 If God did not exist, it would be necessary to invent him. – VOLTAIRE: A l'Auteur du Livre des trois Imposteurs, épitre crl.

3 God had sifted three kingdoms to find the wheat for this planting. LONGFELLOW: Courtship of Miles Standish, iv.

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JOHN DRYDEN. 1631-1701.
Above any Greek or Roman name.1

Upon the Death of Lord Hastings. Line 76
And threat’ning France, plac'd like a painted Jove,
Kept idle thunder in his lifted hand.

Annus Mirabilis. Stanza 39.
Whate'er he did was done with so much ease,
In him alone 't was natural to please.

Absalom and Achitophel. Part i. Line 27
A fiery soul, which, working out its way,
Fretted the pygmy-body to decay,
And o'er-inform'd the tenement of clay.”
A daring pilot in extremity;
Pleas’d with the danger, when the waves went high
He sought the storms.

Line 156.
Great wits are sure to madness near allied,
And thin partitions do their bounds divide. Line 163.
And all to leave what with his toil he won
To that unfeather'd two-legged thing, a son. Line 169.
Resolv'd to ruin or to rule the state.

Line 174.
And heaven had wanted one immortal song. Line 197.
But wild Ambition loves to slide, not stand,
And Fortune's ice prefers to Virtue's land." Line 198.
Above all Greek, above all Roman fame. — Pope : epistle i. book ii.


line 26.

2 See Fuller, page 221.

Problem, sect. 30.

Animi, 15.

No excellent soul is exempt from a mixture of madness. – Aristotle :

Nullum magnum ingenium sine mixtura dementiæ (There is no great genius without a tincture of madness).

SENECA : De Tranquillitate
What thin partitions sense from thought divide ! – Pope : Essay on

* Greatnesse on Goodnesse loves to slide, not stand,
And leaves, for Fortune's ice, Vertue's ferme land.

KNOLLES : History (under a portrait of Mustapha I.).

Man, epistle i. line 226.

The people's prayer, the glad diviner's theme,
The young men's vision, and the old men's dream !!

Absalom and Achitophel. Part i. Line 238.
Behold him setting in his western skies,
The shadows lengthening as the vapours rise. Line 268.

Line 301.

Line 512.

Line 534.

Than a successive title long and dark,
Drawn from the mouldy rolls of Noah's ark.
Not only hating David, but the king.
Who think too little, and who talk too much.3
A man so various, that he seem'd to be
Not one, but all mankind's epitome;
Stiff in opinions, always in the wrong,
Was everything by starts, and nothing long;
But in the course of one revolving moon
Was chymist, fiddler, statesman, and buffoon.
So over violent, or over civil,
That every man with him was God or Devil.
His tribe were God Almighty's gentleinen.
Him of the western dome, whose weighty sense
Flows in fit words and heavenly eloquence.

Line 345.

Line 557.


Line 645.

Line 868.

i Your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions. – Joel ii. 28.

2 Like our shadows,
Our wishes lengthen as our sun declines.

Young : Night Thoughts, night v. line 661. 8 They always talk who never think. - Prior: Upon a Passage in the Scaligerana.

4 Grammaticus, rhetor, geometres, pictor, aliptes,

Augur, schoenobates, medicus, magus, omnia novit (Grammarian, orator, geometrician; painter, gymnastic teacher, physician; fortune-teller, rope-dancer, conjurer, he knew everything). — JUVENAL : Satire iii. line 76.

5 A Christian is God Almighty's gentleman. – Julius Hare : Guesses at Truth.

A Christian is the highest style of man. — Young : Night Thoughts night iv. line 788.

Beware the fury of a patient man.'

Absalom and Achitophel. Part i. Line 1005

Made still a blund'ring kind of melody;
Spurr'd boldly on, and dashed through thick and thin,
Through sense and nonsense, never out nor in.

Part ii. Line 413.
inch that is not fool is rogue.

Line 462
Men met each other with erected look,
The steps were higher that they took ;
Friends to congratulate their friends made haste,
And long inveterate foes saluted as they pass’d.

Threnodia Augustalis. Line 124.
For truth has such a face and such a mien,
As to be lov'd needs only to be seen.

The Hind and the Panther. Part i. Line 33.
And kind as kings upon their coronation day. Line 271.
For those whom God to ruin has design'd,
He fits for fate, and first destroys their mind."

Part iii. Line 2387.
But Shadwell never deviates into sense.

Mac Flecknoe. Line 20.
Our vows are beard betimes! and Heaven takes care
To grant, before we can conclude the prayer:
Preventing angels met it half the way,
And sent us back to praise, who came to pray.

Britannia Rediviva. Line 1.

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? See Spenser, page 28.

1 Furor fit læsa sæpius patientia (An over-taxed patience gives way to fierce anger. — Publius Syrus : Maxim 289.

8 Vice is a monster of so frightful mien,
As to be hated needs but to be seen.

POPE: Essay on Man, epistle ii. line 217. Quos Deus vult perdere prius dementat (Whom God wishes to destroy be first deprives of reason). The author of this saying is unknown. Barnes

5 And fools who came to scoff remain'd to pray. - Goldsmith: The

erroneously ascribes it to Euripides.

Deserted Village, line 180.

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