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ment to the disobedient. Indeed, every government, whether human or divine, must naturally and necessarily do it, or there is an end to all order. Every law must have its sanction. Accordingly, we find Homer, Plato, Virgil, and others, have said every thing that is horrible concerning the future misery of lost souls. Our great dramatists shall speak their opinions :
" Ay, but to die, and go we know not where ;
If this be the future destiny of a certain class of our fellow creatures, we shall gain little by rejecting the gospel representations. We shall be extremely unwise to suffer our probationary period to pass away unimproved. If our race be indeed in a state of moral ruin; if the Almighty hath devised means for our recovery; if, among other messengers, he hath sent a person higher than the heavens to be our Redeemer(6); we shall be strangely wanting to ourselves, if
(6) For a very clear and satisfactory defence of the doctrine of redemption by Jesus Christ, and that he is the real and proper Son of God, see Porteus' Sermons. He who remains unconvinced after considering the various arguments advanced by him, will resist every thing that can be said by any other writer. If he is desirous of seeing the matter fairly argued between christianity and deism, let him have recourse to a volume of Sermons by Sherlock. I myself remember this book to have convinced a deter.
we treat this glorious person, and the doctrines of salvation he hath taught, with neglect or contempt. Therefore, let us examine the ground upon which we stand. Negligence, is as culpable as contempt. And on every system, a strictly moral and religious conduct is the duty, the interest, the felicity of all reasonable beings.
What an idiot must that man be, who rejects his Saviour, his Bible, and all his immortal expectations, because of some chronological, or genealogical, or geographical difficulties in the records of his salvation, which he cannot reconcile to the full satisfaction of his mind? If the Bible were as full of blunders, contradictions and absurdities, as the Koran of Mohammed, yet might Jesus be a prophet sent from God. The reality of his mission does by no means depend upon the validity of the Scriptures (7) though the Scriptures are as genuine and authentic as if all depended upon them.
Be wise, therefore, to know the time of your visitation. Make the most of your little span of life. Seek truth with modesty and humility, with patience and perseverance, and follow wheresoever it leads the
way. Take the safe side. Believe in Christ. Examine every principle step by step.
mined deist, who is now an eminent instrument in the hands of Providence for the conversion of others. I would, therefore, to all such, use the words of Augustine-Tolle et lege.
(7) If we have any doubts concerning the truth of the gospel of Christ, it would be but fair to examine carefully all the other religions that now are, or that ever were, in the world, and com. pare them impartially-not with christianity as established in the several countries of Europe-but with the pure unmixed gospel, as taught by our Saviour, and left on record in the New-Testament, and then give the preference to that which is most excellent.
To the books in favour of christianity may be added Rogers's eight Sermons on the necessity of Divine Revelation; Cony. beare's Defence of Revealed Religion ; Gastrel's Certainty and Necessity of Religion, and his Certainty of the Christiau Revelation,
the evidence for infidelity fall ever so little short of demonstration, if you act a reasonable part, you will believe in Jesus, because infinite danger presses on that side, and no danger whatever on the side of faith and obedience. Submit, then, to his easy and delightful yoke. His ways are ways of pleasantness, and all his paths are paths of peace. In the opinion of all wise and good men of every age
(8) Though infidelity is making its way rapidly among the na tions, and among all orders of men, yet is the cause of the gospel by no means desperate ; though every possible effort is making to establish its reign, there are equal efforts at least making by good men of all denominations, for the propagation of evangelical truth. Let every man that is on the Lord's side come forward, and avow himself a friend of the despised Nazarene, in opposi. tion to all the powers of earth and heli. Curse ye Meroz, curse ye bitterly the inhabitants thereof; because they came not to the help of the Lord, to the help of the Lord against the mighty. When we consider the present situation of the great bulk of mankind, whose heart does not burn within him to contribute some. thing towards evangelizing the nations? The inhabitants of the world are said to amount at this time to about 731 millions; of whom 420 millions are Pagans; 130 millions Mohammedans ; 100 millions Catholics ; 44 millions Protestants; 30 millions of the Greek and Armenian churches ; and 7 millions Jews.
Mr. Carey, a missionary among the Hindoos, says Europe contains
Guthrie makes the world to contain
The medium number may be
If, however, after your most serious and conscientious endeavours, you are not able to find satisfactory evidence, that Christ came from God; you must al
Subdivisions among Christians may be thus:
50,000,000 30,000,000 90,000,000
Total 170,000,000 Is not this view of things a loud call to the friends of the gos. pel to use every possible means to promote the spread of it among the nations ?—"If any man love not the Lord Jesus Christ, let him be accursed,!' is the language of inspiration. Are we in no danger then from that spirit of slumber which overspreads our minds ? Ought not every man, who has any concern for his own future happiness, to lend an helping hand to promote the salvation of the many millions of souls, who now sit in darkness, and in the region and shadow of death? The Moravians have herein the greatest merit. That small sect has done more to spread the honour of the Redeemer's name among barbarous nations, than all the Protestants in Christendom. These worthy people begun their missions in the year 1732, and have now, in different parts of the world, and those several of them the most unpropitious, no less than 26 settlements. In these settlements near 140 mis. sionaries are employed in superintending about 23,000 converts from the heathens!
The king of Denmark sent out two persons in the year 1705 to Tranquebar on the coast of Coromandel, which mission has been continued to the present time with considerable advantage to the cause of Christ, in that part of the world.
The Society for propagating the gospel in foreign parts, and that for promoting Christian knowledge in the highlands and islands of Scotland, were both begun about the year 1701, and have both been extremely useful in spreading the knowledge of the Redeemer's name.
The Society for promoting Christian knowledge was begun in the year 1698, and has been carried forward with considerable spirit for near one whole century. At present they have six misbionaries in the East Indies, and one in the islands of Scillyei
low at least, with Rousseau, that he was an extraordinary man; one of the first characters that ever ap
From these missionaries some very pleasing accounts have been published in the several annual reports. The efforts of this ho. nourable society have been very considerable also in the distribu. tion of Bibles and other religious books of various descriptions. The Bibles sent out the last three years averaged 5,228 each year, the New Testaments and Psalters 9,333, Common Prayers 9,738, other bound books 10,562, and small tracts 69,754. A charity of a most extensive, valuable, and important nature ! But, a prin. cipal object with this society, is the education of
children. The Baptists have lately sent out two persons to the East-Indies, but the fruit of their labours does not yet appear to be considerable. The mission is in its infancy. *
The Europeans in that country are very generally in a state of infidelity. This confirms what has been said by the natives in broken English; Christian religion-Deyil religion! Christian much drunk-Christian much do wrong, much beat, much abuse others.”—The natives are apt to say in making their bargains
What, dost thou think me a Christian, that I would go about to deceive thee ?" “ It is a sad sight,” says one of the first missiona. ries, “to behold a drunken Christian, and a sober Indian ; a temperate Indian, and a Christian given up to his appetite ; an Indian that is just and square in his dealing, a Christian not so. O what a sad thing it is for Christians, to come short of Indians, even in moralities ! to come short of those, who themselves be. lieve, to come short of heaven!”
Considerable effects also may be expected to arise from the two settlements on the coast of Africa and New Holland ; if we com. pare America two or three centuries ago, with what it is at the present period.
The Methodist connexion has been considerably successful in winning souls to Christ in the West Indies. In the year 1794, they had upwards of a dozen preachers employed in the different islands, and near 8,000 blacks in society, besides others of different descriptions.
The Missionary Society in London have taken up the deplorable situation of the of Heathen nations with great spirit; and present prospects are very promising. How far it may please the great Head of the church to succeed their endeavours in behalf of the heathen, remains yet to be proved. Be this as it may, the
* There are now, 1808, sixteen Baptist missionaries in Bengal. They have made a number of converts, some of whom are preach
Large numbers attend upon their sermons. The Bible has been translated into the Bengalee language.Pbil. editor.