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The Radicals are bitter, loud, and In the mean time, what may be callactive. But they are still few in the ed the domestic government of the House ; their leaders are personally faction, never relaxes.
The payment without weight; their projects are too of the Protestant clergy is, as the nakedly furious for effect in Parlia. Duke of Wellington observed on the ment until vote by ballot and house. first night of the Session, rendered hold suffrage shall have radicalized a nullity. The serving of law proParliament itself. Their republican- cesses is death to the server, and the ism is too glaring, rash, and ferocious. clergy, thus deprived of their lawful The Members of the House are not means, are forced to live on the charity yet prepared for the worship of the of England. The man who pays title guillotine.
is menaced with the death's-head and But it is the Popish faction which is cross-bones, and all resistance to the the incarnation of evil. It is openly Popish mandate is a matter of the ut. pronounced by every man acquainted most peril to the individual. with the present condition of Ireland, But even this is too tardy for the that it rules that unhappy country. Association. Within these few weeks It possesses the whole Irish patronage. a manifesto has been issued, under the It is now filling all the higher situa- hand of its leader, whose effect must tions of the law with its creatures. It be to keep Ireland in a perpetual state is making Judges, Attorneys-General, of “ agitation.” This paper is divided and Solicitors-General. It has just formally into heads, and its object is made the Master of the Rolls. It has beyond all misunderstanding. Its first just appointed a Papist, Mr Pigott, to section proposes “to call upon every the place of confidential law adviser parish of Ireland, without any delay, to the crown in Ireland, one of the to appoint tuo pacificators (!) for the most important possible in the present purpose of forwarding the objects of state of affairs, for to his department the Association, and obtaining «justice come all questions relative to the dis- to Ireland.' We perfectly compreputes on church property and tithes, lend the sort of pacification such the conduct of magistrates, and the agents would produce, and the Assocontrol of the constabulary force. ciation comprehends it too. A long By its Attorney and Solicitors-Gene- series of directions for the duties of ral the Popish faction puts the councils those persons follows. They are to of the crown into the hands of Papists. be elected, one by the populace, and It now openly proclaims, that when the other by the priest of the parislı. Lord Plunket can be driven from his They are to be furnished with newsplace, it will have the Chancellorship papers, of what kind and for what
It has made the Lord- purpose we may easily conjecture. Lieutenant; it has made the Irish Another employment of those persons Secretary. In short, it has made the is, to intermeddle in all faction-fights, whole existing fabric of the Irish Go for the purpose, as Mr O'Connell says, vernment.
of putting them down! Another is, to Having thus established an execu- report to the Association the names of tive after its own heart, it has pro. all voters in the parish, their landlords, ceeded to establish a legislature. In their principles, and the influence that the General National Association it may be exerted to make them vote for, has a Parliament to all intents and or against their country! In fact, a repurposes. In that Parliament it pro. gular spy system, with the wrath of poses public measures, debates on the the Association, to keep men's cone leading questions of the day, poor- sciences in order. Another is, to pro.. laws, finance, &c., raises taxes, appro- cure the collections of the justice rent priates them, and does all this in the a regular tax system. Another, to ' most open defiance, and with the most ascertain the number of persons illeundisturbed impunity. In this Par- gally and unjustly sued, or persecuted liament it assembles all the official for tithes, and to report their names representatives of Popery, the arch- and grievances to the Association. As bishops, bishops, and inferior priest- Mr O'Connell pronounces the whole hood of its church, the lay lords, and system of tithes criminal, bloody, and public demagogues, and thus exhibits so forth, we may imagine the purpose of to the Papists of Ireland the complete this part of his diplomatic instructions: form of a legislature of their own There are more duties of the same kina
in its grasp
in his list. And it is to be remembered bers, since the world was created ! that his pacificators constitute a com- Their actions are indefensible, says plete Papist police. That as there are this depositary of Government; about two thousand parishes in Ire- declared reasons are unfounded and land, he would thus have 4000 regular false. But the palliation is, that they and constant agents in every corner of are neither ashamed nor afraid to in. the country. Besides the 2000 priests, sult the Government, the law, and the who are his to a man, besides the vo- common sense of the nation! Let us lunteer partisans, who look for places take a case.
If a gang of murderers great and small, from a seat on the were to start up in the streets of Lonbench of judges to a gaugership, or a don, would their guilt be the less by constableship in the police. And above choosing mid-day instead of midnight all, the secret force which the Jesuits, for cutting throats; or by proclaimthe monkish orders, and the whole in- ing in the public car, that their printrigue of Popery, Irish, French, Spa- ciple was to cut throats, and that they nish, and Italian, organizes in Ireland. would go on, knife in hand ? If it be Thus stands the account between treason to demand the separation of England and the Agitator. It is with the empire, those men demand that this boundless power that our folly, separation. But they talk it openly, our negligence of Protestantism, and and therefore. Or, if it be productive our criminal forgetfulness of the true of measureles3 misery, tumult, and unchangeableness and virulence of bloodshed to stimulate the Popish Popery has armed him.
peasantry against the payment of those But, are we not to find some refuge tithes, which they have all, by their in a Government which has not yet leases, voluntarily bound themselves to declared itself Papist, and which now pay, then all those charges fall on the and then attempts to disclaim its mis. head of those men. Yet all become erable dependence on the faction? Let innocent because they openly brave us rest on that hope if we will. The all Government, abjure all law, and very first night of the Session settled defy all obligation! the question.
Can any man doubt the motives of Lord Melbourne's speech on the this language? But Lord John Rusaddress, January 31, shows distinctly sell makes them clearer still, if possithe conditions on which his Ministry ble. He was called on, on the first live. “ One subject," said this Prime night of the Session, to say whether Minister of England ! " which had he would dare to go even so far as the called forth the noble Duke's (Wel- Premier. “ I shall say nothing now," lington's) observations, was the estab- said Lord John ; “ but you shall lishment of the National Association hear all on Tuesday.” Tuesday in Ireland. No man had vieued with came, and in the debate on the Muimore regret than he did, the existence nicipal Bill for Ireland, he came of that Association. He did not think to this embarrassing point at last. that the grounds on which it was sta- And what was his contrivance? A ted to have been built, justified its erec- manly speaker would have said at tion! (Hear, hear, and loud cheers)." once that he either approved or disSo far went the English Minister, approved of the Association.
But then came the O'Connellite.
he was not to be caught in this track. could not help saying, that proceed. He approached it by a double, worthy ings had taken place in that Associa- of Maynooth. “ If," said he, “ any tion, of which he could not, for one, body were to tell me that an associaapprove." No Cabinet affair, but tion was formed in Scotland, making simply the disapprobation of an indi- laws, raising money, and demanding vidualin a coffee-house or a club-room. the change of national polity, I should However, something more direct must very much regret it indeed." His be hazarded. “And I must in justice Lordship dares not, even here, go the say,” pronounces the head of the Ca- length of reprobating it. No, it is binet in the face of the peerage of merely a source of sentimental sorEngland, “that their proceedings are What! the usurpation of the open as the day, and that no conceal
powers of government, a virtual rement of what they intended has taken bellion, can stir his tender nature no place!" Was such an excuse ever further than regret? “ But,” says he, offered before for a knot of distur with O'Connell full in his front,
to Ireland, the question is different. ject of the faction is the utter tuin of I ask has she not had wrongs ?". Protestantism. The cry is for the Wrongs! Lord Melbourne attempt. subjection of England to the old ed to justify the Association merely sway of Rome, and the reinstalment of by the insolence of its achievements. the old pollutions of Popery in the “ It scorned to hide any of its acts, churches of the empire. The Papists be their colour what they may. have no hesitation in avowing this Lord John shifts the ground, and jus- object. “Your church shall perish, tifies their illegality on their wrongs. and with it the heresy of England,” What wrongs, we demand ? If they say the Popish haranguers. The have them, why not apply to Parlia- Popish publications are already insoment-to the tribunals ? But nine lently congratulating England on the years after the Emancipation bill, increasing numbers of Popish chapels which was declared to have wiped and colleges. And the Popish eecleaway all the recollection and all the siastics are in all directions sounding existence of Popish wrongs ! Seven their coming triumph. To this puryears after the halcyon commence- pose all their political movements are ment of Whig supremacy! Three subservient. O'Connell is but the years after the jubilee of Lord John's creature of the priests; the peasantry, accession ! But when was it ever for whose wrongs his clamour is raiheard of before, that the wrongs of a sed, are but dust under the march of party justified it in forming a govern- that arrogant and sanguinary suprement for itself, in defiance of the Go- macy. Let not Englishmen, in their vernment of the country ; entitled it lazy confidence, imagine that such to seize the whole power of a large things are impossible. Nothing is portion of empire in equal defiance of more within the judgment of Provi. the laws, and invested it with authori. dence than the loss of religion to a ty to persecute a great class of their people careless of the gift. Where fellow-subjects in defiance of the con- are the early churches of Asia ? stitution ? We demand, what are Where the Protestant churches of their wrongs ? We defy the faction Spain, Italy, and France ? Every to bring forward any, but their being portion of the civilized world has had prohibited from having their full ven- à church on Protestant principles in geance on the Church, the Protest- its day of light. Where are those antism, and the English connexion of churches now ? Removed from naIreland. Can there be more unequi- tions, negligent of their purity, indovocal proofs that the Ministry are lent in their preservation, and thus tied hand and foot in the fetters of unworthy of their presence.
And the faction ; that the tenure of their what is there to exempt England from existence is submission to that faction; the common punishment, if she is and that the longer they are suffered found guilty of the common crime ? to retain the name of Ministers, the What is there to save her pastors and heavier must be the price which they, her people from the horrid tyrannies, and we through them, still will be which the returning power of Rome compelled to pay to this faction. has always exercised upon those who
But the great question for us is resist her pollutions. We are as far this—By what means shall England from superstitions as any men alive. be saved ? They must be prompt, for But who can see the system, the pracall things are urged on to rapid over- tices, and the purposes of Popery, throw; vigorous, for they have to without seeing their utter opposition resist ferocious activity ; and high to the Scriptures ? Who can read principled, for they struggle for the those sacred books, without seeing the noblest inheritance of man, civil and solemn denunciations launched against religious freedom, against every arti- all who worship the “ persecutor of fice and atrocity of men to whom the saints ?” Who can hear, without principle is unknown. Englishmen conviction, the divine command—“ To must not, for a moment, let it escape come out of her, lest we perish in her their view, that the first and last ob- plagues ?”
“ I can't for my part see the least Lord Byron by heart, and Shakspeare, use of wind when we could go so and Barry Cornwall, and all the rest nicely by steam without it-can you, of the moderns. 'Tis quite delightful sir ? This very sensible observation to hear him quote long passages when was addressed to me by a tall good- he comes home fatigued." natured looking lady, my fellow pas- " A pleasing relaxation, no doubt, senger on board the Apollo, from madam. Does his lordship speak much Portsmouth to Havre. There are cer- in the House ?" tain seasons of a man's life when he is “ Oh! no—he generally reads in not disposed to be so particularly polite the house ; but you ought to hear him as at others; and the awkward hour spouting so beautifully when we take or two after getting on rough water, our walk into the fields on Sundays." before
you have quite ascertained whe- “ His lordship,” I replied, “ must ther you are going to be squeamish or indeed be a powerful orator ; may
I not, is not exactly the time for the dis- ask if he has published ?" play of the graces. I accordingly
66 Lots of advertisements every made my responses in a tone not much week.” calculated, as I imagined, to tempt the “ Advertisements!" I thought, why, lady to prolong the conversation. But this silly she-grenadier must be quizshe was not so easily daunted. zing, though she keeps her countenance
“ Pretty invention steam, sir ; so well. A lord spouting Barry Cornwasn't it?"
wall in the fields on Sundays, and “ Yes, very."
sending advertisements every week to But they say it is only in its in- the newspapers-preparing, I suppose, fancy yet. Fine baby, sir! don't you for the reformed House of Peers. think so?"
" And does his lordship,” I said, “reI looked at her as she said this. She side principally in town?' was as grave-visaged as a judge, and “ Constantly. Business, you know, had her eyes fixed on me as if expects sir, must be attended to." ing my opinion.
“ Ah! Downing Street ?" I said, “ Fine baby, ma'am !" I exclaimed, with a knowing look, anxious to hudetermined to silence my talkative mour what I now thought was the infriend with a burst of the sublime ; sanity of my companion. “ a chubby child, madam ; but what “ Never heard of it. We live in can you expect of a boy, the offspring the very middle of the City." of fire and water; who was nursed by “ His lordship studies the fluctuaa hurricane, and suckled by a vol. tions of trade ?" cano ?”
“ He does, indeed ; but of course, • This is charming ! How I wish --every one, you know, sir, for him my lord were here to hear you! He self; he attends principally to his own is so fond of poetry.”
concerns.” “ My lord?" I' enquired.
- He is a sensible man. “ My husband, sir," replied the lady, “ Oh, very, sir ; I wish you were drawing herself up to her full height, acquainted with him; and if you stay and throwing her veil still further back any time at Rouen I shall be so happy upon her bonnet. There was not a to introduce you." line of Debrett written in her counte- • Is his lordship at Rouen now ?” nance; not a vestige of the red book “ Oh, yes; we have lived constantwas there, except that her nose, under ly there since our removal from Engthe intluence of the stiffish south-wester land. An immense establishment like then blowing, might have furnished the ours requires the eye of a master. In binding. I only bowed to this half fact I scarcely know what we shall do discovery she had made of her rank next month when we retire altogether and title ; and I confess I became in- into the country ; complete idleness, I terested in the very unusual style of am afraid, will scarcely do for any of her conversation.
After being so long accustomed “ Oh, my lord so doats upon poc- to a large house and immense numtry," she continued ; " he knows all bers of dependents ; kicking one for
laziness, rewarding another for atten- expectedly that he has got quit of a tion; seeing to all their meals, and great calamity, such a reaction takes counting year after year the gains and place on his previously low spirits, losses. My lord, I am sure, will feel that he becomes rather perhaps too quite at a nonplus at the chateau boisterous in his mirth. When I disRosigny, with nothing to do but super- covered that for this time I had esintend his crops.”
caped the demon of sea-sickness, no“ And quote the poets."
thing could surpass the hilarity of my “ Ah, true enough, sir, but even conversation. I could have paid comthat would very soon grow tiresome. pliments to my grandmother; but as I am half afraid of the experiment, I she did not happen to be within reach, assure you. I sometimes think it would I betook myself to the next object of be better to stay as we are."
admiration I could find, and poured “ His lordship, perhaps, has no turn all manner of soft speeches into the for agriculture ?"
ears of the right honourable the Coun “ I don't know. He has never tried. tess of Buttons. If she had been a He has stuck very close to the shop.” bona fide duchess, I could scarcely
“ To the shop? Do I understand have paid her more attention. As it you clearly, madam? Does his lord- was, I found I had made myself an shjp amuse his leisure hours by keep- especial favourite. She did not rest ing a shop?"
satisfied till I had promised to stay a “ No; not exactly a shop-but he is week with them at Rouen, and aftera manufacturer on a great scale. They wards to visit them when they should call shops counting-houses there." have settled in the neighbourhood of
“ Pray, what article is honoured by Bordeaux ; and to all these polite inhis lordship's manufacture ?”
vitations I answered of course in the The lady bent forward with a very affirmative, though with no great inconsequential air, and said.. Buttons." tention of keeping my engagement,
There could now be no manner of at least to the full extent. A whole doubt that her ladyship was a hu- week in the same house with my lord morist, and I accordingly rewarded and my lady appeared to me too much; her last effort with a burst of uproari- but I resolved, as I had nothing to do, ous laughter. But she seemed by no and only intended to amuse myself means pleased with the compliment. by a few months' residence in France,
“ Buttons, I assure you, sir,” she to devote a day or two to consolisaid, very coldly; “both gold and silver, dating my acquaintance with my new plain and ornamented, ivory, horn, and hospitable friend. The voyage and mother-o'-pearl of the very finest at last came to an end ; the deck was quality. We supply all the buttons covered with trunks and packages of to the Legion of Honour." I looked all sorts and sizes; the passengers again at the communicative lady, but were superintending the debarkation there was nothing in her face that of their goods; some, who had had a favoured the supposition that she was salutary terror of the dangers of the trotting me out. A lord making but seas, now came up from the lower retons for the Legion of Honour was gions, for the first time; and, in short, a sight too extraordinary to be passed what with porters, sailors, passengers, over, and I resolved, if my compa- custom-house officers, and hackney nion again asked me to remain at coachmen, swearing, scolding, and Rouen, that I would put off a day or quarrelling in all sorts of languages, two in that fine old town, and examine it seemed as if the Glorious Apollo her and her husband, along with the had been boarded by the plasterers of other curiosities. Happily, though the Tower of Babel ; and in the mêlée the passage was rather rough, I ma- I nearly lost sight of my friend. At naged to strengthen my inner man to last, however, I found her, but now such a comfortable extent with some she was no longer alone. On her arm medicines furnished to me by the leant a figure wrapped up in a cloak, steward out of a Dutch-built bottle, and covered with a very thick veil, so that smelt uncommonly like veritable that she was almost completely conCognac, that before we had got under cealed. I do not know how it hapthe lee of the Channel Islands, I could pens, yet it most assuredly always have navigated the Bay of Biscay in a does happen, that one knows by washing-tub. When a man feels un- the first glance at a cloak, however