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repealing her acts, to acknowledge that her whole conduct towards us has been a course of injustice and oppression. Her pride will be less wounded by submitting to that course of things which now predestines our independence, than by yielding the point in controversy to her rebellious subjects. The former she would regard as the result of fortune ; the latter she would feel as her own deep disgrace. Why, then, why, then, sir, do we not, as soon as possible, change this from a civil to a national war? And, since we must fight it through, why not put ourselves in a state to enjoy all the benefits of victory, if we gain the victory?

If we fail, it can be no worse for us. But we shall not fail. The cause will raise up armies; the cause will create navies. The people, the people, if we are true to them, will carry us, and will carry themselves, gloriously through this struggle. I care not how fickle other people have been found. I know the people of these colonies; and I know that resistance to British aggression is deep and settled in their hearts, and cannot be eradicated. Every colony, indeed, has expressed its willingness to follow, if we but take the lead. Sir, the declaration will inspire the people with increased courage. Instead of a long and bloody war for restoration of privileges, for redress of grievances, for chartered immunities held under a British king, set before them the glorious object of entire independence, and it will breathe into them anew the breath of life. Read this declaration at the head of the army; every sword will be drawn from its scabbard. and the solemn vow uttered to maintain it, or to perish on the bed of honor. Publish it from the pulpit ; religion will approve it, and the love of religious liberty will cling round it, resolved to stand or fall with it. Send it to the public halls; proclaim it there ; let them hear it, who heard the first roar of the enemy's cannon ; let them see it, who saw their brothers and their sons fall on the field of Bunker Hill, and in the streets of Lexington and Concord — and the very walls will cry

out in its support.

rue it.

Be it so

be it so.

Sir, I know the uncertainty of human affairs ; but I see clearly through this day's business. You and I, indeed, may

We may not live to the time when this declaration shall be made good. We may die; die, colonists ; die, slaves ; die, it may be, ignominiously, and on the scaffold.

If it be the pleasure of Heaven that my country shall require the poor offering of my life, the victim shall be ready at the appointed hour of sacrifice, come when that hour may. But, while I do live, let me have a country, or at least the hope of a country, and that a free country.

But, whatever may be our fate, be assured that this declaration will stand. It may cost treasure, and it may cost blood ; but it will stand, and it will richly compensate for both. Through the thick gloom of the present, I see the brightness of the future, as the sun in heaven. We shall make this a glorious, an immortal day. When we are in our graves, our children will honor it. They will celebrate it with thanksgiving, with festivity, with bonfires, and illuminations. On its annual return, they will shed tears, copious, gushing tears, - not of subjection and slavery, not of agony and distress, but of exultation, of gratitude, and of joy. Sir, before God, I believe the hour is come. My judgment approves this measure, and my whole heart is in it. All that I have, and all that I am, and all that I hope, in this life, I am now ready here to stake upon it; and I leave off, as I began, that, live or die, survive or perish, I am for the declaration. It is my living sentiment, and, by the blessing of God, it shall be my dying sentiment: - Independence now, and INDEPENDENCE FOREVER!




Dr. Alden. 102

XXVIII. Song of the Soil,

XXIX. Marrow of Good Sentiments,


XXX. The Demon of the Study,

Whittier. 107

XXXI. A Home Story,

Miss Sedgwick. 109

XXXII. Spunk and Peril,

XXXIII. To a Snow-Bird,


XXXIV. The Battle of Blenheim,

Southey. 115

XXXV. Charles II. and William Penn,


XXXVI. Give me three Grains of Corn, Mother, Miss Edwards. 120

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XXXVII. Female Beauty,


XXXVIII. To the Memory of My Sister,

Miss Dyer. 124

XXXIX. My Mind to me a Kingdom is, .

Byrd, 1588. 125

XL. A Quaint Sermon,

XLI. The Sister's Farewell to the Sailor,


XLII. Dialogue on Physiognomy,

Columbian Orator. 130

XLIII. The Sleigh-Ride, .


XLIV. The Merrimack,

'Whittier. 135

XLV. Life's Decay, .

XLVI. Epistle to the Muse of History, J. Q. Adams. 139

XLVII. The Neighbor-in-Law,

Mrs. Child. 141

XLVIII. Scene from William Tell,


XLIX. A Psalm of Night,

Burleigh. 150

L. Babylon,

LI. A Sicilian Villa,

LII. The Righteous never Forsaken,

LIII. The Spider and Honey Bee,

LIV. The Sale of the Pet Lamb,


LV. Hunks and Blithe,

American Selection. 162

LVI. Dialogue with the Gout, :

Franklin. 170

LVII. The Pin, Needle, and Scissors, .


LVIII. The English Nailers,

Burritt, 176

LIX. The Needle, Pen, and Sword,

Mrs. Sigourney. 180

LX. Saxon Words,

LXI. Mount Zion,

LXII. Why should Mortals be Proud,


LXIII. The Puritan Sabbath,

Mrs. H. B. Stowe. 188

LXIV. The Sabbath-Bell,


LXV. The Canal-Boat,

Mrs. Å. B. Store. 192

LXVI. Wife, Children, and Friends,

Spencer, 1770. 196

LXVII. The Yankee in Russia,

Mrs. Child. 197

LXVIII. Lucy Hooper,

Whittier. 201

LXIX. Placido,

Whittier. 204

LXX. The Inventive Genius of Labor,

Burritt. 203

LXXI. Stories about Lions,

Moffatt. 212

LXXII. Punch's Regency,
LXXIII. A Prairie on Fire,


LXXIV. Mont Blanc from the Col de Balme,

Cheever. 222

LXXV. Wait a little Longer,


LXXVI. Judea,

Whittier. 228

LXXVII. Putnam's Bird-Nesting,


LXXVIII. Mother, Home, and Heaven, .

Anderson. 232

LXXIX. A Rural Sketch,

Rep. R. Hoyt. 234

LXXX. Mount Vernon,

Selected. 239

LXXXI. The Husband's Complaint,
LXXXII. The Miller of Mansfield,

LXXXIII. Fernando Cortez and William Penn,

LXXXIV. The Dead Mother,


LXXXV. Burial of the Dead at Sea,

Abbott. 257

LXXXVI. The Gentleman,

Bp. Doane. 260

LXXXVII. The Utopias,

LXXXVIII. Old Times and New,

LXXXIX. Counsels for the Young,

XC. Live not to Yourself,
XCI. Mr. Catlin and his Horse Charley,

XCII. The Two Critics,

XCIII. Indian Names,


XCIV. Saturday Afternoon,

Willis. 276

XCV. The Art of Good Behavior,


SELECT SPEECHES. - Speech of Colonel Cobb, 283; Speech of Mr. Calhoun, 285;

Speech of George Thompson, 239; Speech of Mr. Evereti, 296; Speech of Lord Chal.

1:0) 3:11 : Speech of Patrick Honry 305: Speech of John Adams, 307.




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